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(1689). • 

JOHN D'ALTON, Esq., Barrister, 






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/0/07H'^ - 190 



Most Noble the Marchioness of Londonderry 

Most Noble the Marquess of Weslmeath ... 

Right Honourable Lord Talbot de Malahide 

Right Honourably Lord Famham 

Right Honourable Sir William M. Somerville, Bart. 

Right Honourable Sir Thomas Esmpnde, Baronet ... 

Honourable Sir Edward Butler, Harefield, Southampton 

Sir Michael Dillon Bellew, Baronet (deceased) 

Sir Edward Conroy, Baronet, Arborfield Hall, Reading 

Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms 

Honourable William Browne 

Anthony Nugent, Esq. Pallas 

James C. Fitzgerald Kenney, Esq.Kilclogher, Monivea 

* An Irishman in London 

J. J. Taylor, Esq. Swords House 

The O'Donovan, Montpelier ... 

Robert Conway Hurley, Esq. Tralee 

James Redmond Barry, Esq. Commissioner of Fisheries 
Lieut.-Col. James Fagan, Bengal Native Infantry ... 

* An Irish Friend abroad ' 

Hugh Morgan Tuite, Esq. Sonna 

Right Hon. A. M*Donnell, Commissioner of Education 
Alexander McDonnell, Esq. Temple-street, Dublin 

Dixon Cornelius O'KeeflTe, Esq. Barrister 

Anthony Stronge Hussey, Esq. D.L. 

Reverend Sir Erasmus Borrowes, Baronet 

Colonel Fitz-Stephen French, M.P. 
John Plunkett, Esq . Portmamock 

Nicholas Purcell O Gorman, Esq. Q.C 

Serjeant Howley, &c. 

J. R. Coulthart of Coulthart, Croft's House, Ashton- 

under-Lyne ... ••• ... ... ... 

John Howard Kyan, Esq 

A. J. Maley, Esq. Barrister 

Sir Henry Winston Barron, Baronet 

The M*Gillicuddy of the Reeks 

Honourable Thomas Preston, Gormanston Castle ... 
Robert Russell Cruise, Esq. Dry nam, Malahide 
Lady Henrietta Chichester Nagle, Calverly House ... 

The O'Driscoll, Brussels 

Rev. John Quinn, P.P. Magherafelt 

A 2 






































William Burke Ryan, Esq. M. D. London 

Herbert Baldwin, Esq. M. D. Cork 

Doctor Mac Cabe, Esq. J. P. Hastings 

Terence Sheridan, Esq. Trim 

Rev. Georce Leonard, P. P. Old Castle 

Richard D Alton, Esq. Tipperarj 

Robert Nicholson, Esq. Barrister, Bangor ... 

Reverend Alexander Roche, P.P. Bray 

Very Rev. Dean Kenny, Ennis - 

Reverend Andrew Quinn, Kilfenora 

J. Roderick OTlanagan, Esq. Barrister 

R. R. :Madden, Esq. M. D. &c 

Vincent Scully, Esq. Q. C. ... 

Coote MuUoy, Esq. Hughstown 

Myles Taaffe, Esq. Smarmore, Ardce 

Michael Lysaght, Esq. Ennis 

Chartres Brew Moloney, Esq. Solicitor, Ennis 

John Fleming, Esq. Dublin 

William O'Connor, Esq. M. D. London ; A. C. Pallas, 
Esq. ; Thomas O'Gorman, Esq. Drumcondra ; Rev. 
E. P. Conway, C. C. Lower Badony ; Rev. Samuel 
Hayman, Youghal ; Rev. J. C. O'Connor, C. C. 
Sandyfort ; M. R. Plunkett, Esq. R. M. ; Mr. Ed- 
ward Fitz-Gerald, Architect, Youghal ; Ignatius F. 
Purcell, Esq. Crumlin House ; S. G. Purdon, Esq. 
D. L., Killaloe ; John W. Hanna, Esq. Down- 
patrick ; Rev. Thomas M*Donnell, Shortwood,Tera- 
plecloud, Bristol ; Rev. J. O'Doherty, Co. Tyrone, 
and Thomas Kelly, Esq. D. L. Dublin, each lOs. 

Minor contributions amounting to ... 


t. < 















Total towards Indemnity 

£157 11 


McAoIiffe, Thomas. Esq., Cork. 
Aylmer, Michael V. Esq., 2 copies. 
Ajlward, Michael, Esq., Liverpool. 

Babington, William, Esq. 
Bagot, J. J. Esq., D.L. 2 copies, 
Baldwin, Herbert, Esq., M.D., Cork. 
Ball, Right Hon. Nicholas, .Judge C. P. 
Barnes, T. Hibbert Ware, Esq. 
Barron, Sir H. Winston, Baronet. 
Barry, WiUiwn, Esq., Barryscourt. 

O'Beme, John Taaffe, Esq. 

Blaaaw, W. H. £j>q., Beechkoc 

Botfield, Beriah, Esq., Norton Ha] 

Bonrke, Joseph, Esq., Bray. 
Brazill, S. D., Esq., Jonesboroagl 

Brennan, Mr. H., NewcasUe-on-Tyne 
Brodigan, Francis, Esq., Barristc 

London, 2 copies. 



Browne, M. J. Eaq., Moyne, S copies, 
Burke, St George, Barrister, London. 
Burke. Joseph, Esq., Ower, Hemdfort. 
Barke, William, K$q., Do. 
Burice, Mr. J. Edge ware Road, London. 
Bntler, Very Rev. Dean, Trim, 
Batler, Hon. Sir Edward, Harefield. 
Bntt, Isaac Esq., M. P. 
Bjme, J. J. Esq., Dublin, 2 ixpiet. 
Byrne, Mr. Mjles, Newbridge National 

O'Byme, Patrick, Esq., Tablet Office. 
O'Byme, Mr. Summer Hill, Dublin. 

Carew, Right Honourable Lord. 
Clbkmout, Right Honourable Lobd, 

U copies. 
Mac Cabe, Doctor, Hastings. 
Carroll, Patrick, Esq. Goranes. 
O'Carroll, Mr. Peter, Kingstown. 
Mac Carthj, D. Esq.. Skibbereen. 
Casey, J. K. Esq., Philadelphia. 
Cassidy, J. B. Esq., Bury, Lancashire. 
Caulfield, W. A. Esq., Killeen House. 
O'Cavanagh, T. E. Esq., Wexford. 
Chadwick, Elias, Esq., Pudleston 

Court, Leominster. 
Clare, Mr. John, Colchester. 
Clarke, Thomas St John, Carriganear. 
Clogher, Diocesan Seminary of. 
Close, M. Esq., Drumbanagher. 
0*Connell, Cliarles, Esq., Solicitor, 

Castle-Park, Lahinch. 
O'Connell, Captain John, M.P. 
O'Connell, Rev. M., C.C, Emly. 
O'Connor, Very Rev. Thomas, D.D., 

P.P., Lough Glynn. 
O'Connor, Rev. Mr. D.D., P.P., Tem- 

O'Connor, Rev. J. C, C.C, Sandyfort, 

O'Connor, Rev. Michael, Clare-Abbey 

and Kiloen, Clare. 
O'Connor, Patrick, Esq., Dundermot. 
O'Connor, William, Esq. M.D., Lon- 
O'Conor, Roderick, Esq. Miltown, 

Conroy, Sir Edward, Bart. 2 copies. 
Considine, Patrick, Esq. I. R 
Conway, Rev. E. P., C.C, Badony. 
Creagh, Michael, Esq. Solicitor, 2 copies. 
Crofbon, Sir Malby, Baronet, Longford 

House, Colloooey. 

Mc Croasan, Rev. Charles, P.P., Ard. 

Cruioe, The Very Rev. the Abbd, Paris. 
Cruice, Major. 
Cruise, Robert Rus:>ell, Esq. Drynam, 

2 copies. 
CuUinan, Ralph, Esq. Magowna. 
Curtu>ue, WilliAm, Esq. Cork. 

Duns ANT, Right Hon. Lord. 

D' Alton, MetUirs. William and Frede- 
rick, Montreal, 25 copies. 

D'AIton, Mr. Liverpool. 

D'Alton, Richard, Esq. Tipperary, 3 

Daly, Cornelius. Esq. Cork. 

D'Arcy, J. J. Norman and Thomas L., 
2 copies. 

Delamere, Mr. Nicholas Herbert, Liver- 

Dempster, Davis Carroll, Esq. New. 
land Houfte, Borris-o-Kane, 7 copies. 

Devenish, John, Esq. Mount Pleasant. 

Dixon, Most Rev. Dr., R. C. Primatk 
OF Armagh, 2 copies, 

0*Doherty, Rev. Daniel, Cappagh. 

Doherty, Rev. John. 

DoUn, Thomas, Esq Ardee. 

Mc Donnell, John, Esq. Merrion Square. 

Mc Donnell, Luke, Esq. Do. 

Mc Donnell, Alexander, Esq. Surgeon. 

Mc Donnell, Rev. J. M. Shortwood, 
Templecloud, Bristol. 

Mc Donnell, Rev. J. P.P., Donough- 

The O'Donovan, 4 copies. 

O'Donovan Rossa, Jeremiah, Esq. Skib- 

Dougherty, Mr. Charles William, Ana- 
gassan Mills. 

Dowling, Rev. William, Ballycolla, Ab- 
beyleix, 2 copies. 

Downing, Mc Carthy, Esq. Skibbereen. 

The O'Driscoll, Brussels. 

Drogheda Mechanics' Institute. 

Dunne, Matthew, Esq. Inspector of 
Mines, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

O'Dwyer, Rev. Thomaa, C.C, Cooks- 
town, Enniskerry, 2 copies, 

Esmonde, Sir Thomas, Baronet, 4 copies. 
Evans, Captain, A. P., Royal Hospital, 
Chelsea, 2 copies. 



FiNGAL, Right Hod. tub Earl of, 4 , 

F«gan, LieQieoant-CoIonel James, B«n> 

gid Native Infantry. 
Falconer, Thomas, Esq. Judge of the 

Coantj Court of Glamorganshire. 
Ferguson, Robert, Esq., Barribter. 
O'Ferrall, Right Hon. Richard More. 
Fitzgerald, Rev. John, Kiltomb, Ath- ' 

lone. I 

Fitzgerald. Mr. Edward, Architect, 

Fitzpatrick, Patrick Vincent, Esq. 
Fitzpatrick, William J. Esq. 
Fleming, John, Esq. Dublin. 
Flood, Richard, Esq. Kells. 
Fljnn, Jame5, Esq. M.D., Clonmel. 
French, Lieutenant- Colonel, Prospect- 
Hill, Gal way. 
Frewin, Thomas, Esq. Breakwall House, 

Northam, Staplehurst. 
Frost, John, Esq. Solicitor, Ennis. 

Gal way Royal Institution. 

O'Gara, Mr. London. 

Mc Geehan, Mr. John, Meenmore, by 
Glen ties. 

Geoghegan, Joseph, Esq. Dublin, 5 

Geoghegan, M. J. Esq. Solicitor, 
Regent's Park Terrace, London. 

Oethins, alias McGettigan, Mr. Wil- 
liam, Ballyshannon. 

Gibbs, H. H. Esq. Hampstead, Lon- 
don, 2 copies. 

McGillicuddy of the Reeks. 

Gilligan, Rev. P. J. James 's-street, 
Dublin, S copies. 

Given, Robert, Esq. Coleraine. 

Glennon, Timothy, Esq. Coventry. 

Good, Rev. John, Colleen House, 

Goold, Wyudham, Esq. (deceased) 5 

O'Gorman, Nicholas Pnrcell, Esq. 

O'Gorman, Thomas, Esq. Drumcondra. 

Graves, Rev. James, Kilkenny. 

Griffin, Rev. G. A. New Abbey, Dum- 

Guynemor, H. Nobil Huomo Signor 
Carlo, Casa Salvi, Pisa, 2 copies. 

Hamilton, George A. l'>q. M.P. 

O'Hanlon, Rev. John, Catholic Chap- 

lain. South Dublin Union. 
O'Hanlon, Mr. Patrick, Liverpool. 
Haniia, John W. Esq. Downpatrick. 
O'Hara, H. E»q. Crebilly House. 
Hayden, Thomas. Esq. M.D. Dublin. 
Hayes, Denis, Esq. 
Hayman. Rev. Samurl, YoughaL 
Healy, Wm. Esq. Manager Tipperary 

Heath, Edward. Esq. M.D. Surgeon o( 

H.M.S. • Dauntless.' 
Hoffeman, Rev. William, Clonmel. 
Hehir, Thomas, Esq. M.D. 
Higgins, Captain Fitz-GeralJ, Glen- 

corrib House, Headfort. 
O'Hogan, Edmund, Esq. .M.D. 
Hogan, Mr. John, Mnllingar. 
Hore, Herbert F. Pole Hore. 
Honlahan, Mr. Ritrhard, Knock toplier. 
Hurley. Robert Conway and John, 

Esqrs. Tralee. 4 copies 
Hussey, Anthony S. Esq. D.L. 
* H.' An Irish friend abroad, 2 copies. 

KiLDABR. Most Noble the Marqukss 
OF, 2 copies. 

Kean, Francis N. Esq. J. P. Ennis. 

Kean. Mr. Michael, Ennistymon. 

O'Kejimey, Mr. 

O'Keeffo, Dixon Cornelius, Barrister, 6 

O'Keeffe, Patrick, Esq. Ix)ndon, 

O'Kclly, William, Esq. Liverpool 

Kelly, Thomas, Esq. D.L. 

Kelly, John William, Esq. C. E. 

Kelly, Mr. Patrick, Cork. 

McKenna, Mr. Edward Ryan. Nenagh. 

O'Kennedy, Mr. McKennedy. 

Kenney, James C. F. Esq. Kilclogher. 

Kenny, Very Rev. Dean. Ennis. 

Keogh, Right Hon. William, Attorney- 
General for Ireland. 

Kerin, Michael, Esq. Ennis. 

M';Kerrill, R. Esq. Inverness Terrace, 
Bayswater, London. 

Killen, Very Rev. Dr. Prior of the 
Augustinians, Galway. 

O'Kinealy, M. Esq. 

King's Inns Library. 

Kinsellagh, James, Esq. Wexford. 

Knox, John B. Esq. Ennis. 

Kyan, John Howard, Esq. 2 copies. 

Kyle, William C. Esq, Barriiiter, L.I^D. 




Lalor, Thomas, Eaq. Cregg, Carrick- 

Mac LoQghlin, Very Rev. Francis, 

Lawless, Hon. Mr. 
Leonard. Rev. G., P.P. Oldcastle, 2 

Levinge, Godfrey, Esq. (deceased). 
Long, William, Esq. Mary-street, Dub- 
Loughnan, James, S. Esq. Kilkenny. 
Lougbnan, John, Ksq. Solicitor 
Lvnagh, James F. Esq. Rathminea. 
Lynagh, William, Esq. Do. 
Lysaght, Michael, Esq. Ennis. 
Lysaght. Walter, Esq. Do. 
Lysaght, George, Esq. Kilcomey, Bur- 

Lysaght, Thomas, Esq. Carrickeal, 

Lysaght, Patrick Angnstos, Esq. La- 

binch, Coonty of Clare. 

Mac Cabe, Mr. Dennis, Mollogb, 2 

Mac Mahon, Rev. James, C.C, Ennis. 
Mac Mahon, Timothy. Esq. I. P. 
Mac Mahon, Mr. Rosse, Leadgate, Dur- 
Macnamara, Colonel Francis, D.L., 

Ennbtymon House. 
Macnamara, Michael, Esq. Solicitor, 

Macnamara, Thomas, Esq Solicitor, 

Madden, Mrs. A. Sydney, Hilton, Clones. 
Madden, Rev. Mr., C.C. Kilfenora. 
Mageunis, Mrs. Harold-Hall, Bedlbrd- 

Magennis, Eiver, Esq. Points Pass. 
Magennis, John, Esq. Manchester. 
Maher. William. Esq. Carrick-ma-cross. 
Maley, A. J. Esq. Barrister, 2 copiet. 
Malone. Felix, FiSq. 
Meagher, Michael, Esq. Monamore, 

Meeban, Rev. C. P., Dublin. 
Meyer, James, Esq. Bayswater, London. 
Moloney, Croasdaile, Esq. Newmarket- 

Moloney, Chartres Brew, Esq. Solicitor, 

Mooney, Robert, Esq. Booterstown. 
Aloore, Rev. Philip, C.C. Rosbercon. 

Moore, Mr. John, Thomastown. 
Morres. Rev. Francis Orpen, Nunbum- 

holme Rectory. Hayton, York. 
Mullally, Michael, Esq. Ballycullen. 
CMnlien, John, Esq. Londonderry. 
The Misses MoIIoy, Oakport-Cottage. 
Mulloy, Coote, Esq. Hughstown. 
Mulrenin. Bernard, Esq. F.R.H.A. 
MuRFHT, Right Rev. T., D.D., fi.C. 

Bishop of Cork. 
Murphy, John B. Esq. Barrister. 

Nagle, Chichester, Esq. Calverly Court, 

Tiverton, 2 copies. 
Nmgle, John, Esq. M.D., Cork. 
Mc Nau.y, Right Rev. Charles, D D., 

R. C. Bishop op Clooher. 
Nangle. George. Esq. 
Nash, De Lacy, Esq. London. 
Nicholson, Robert, Esq. Bangor. 
Norton. John, Esq. New- Bridge, Co 

Nugent, Arthur, Esq. Cranna, Por- 

tumna, 2 copies. 

Oliver, Reverend George, D.D., St 

Nicholas's Priory, Exeter. 
Oxburgh, Mr. Co. of Westmeath. 

Petherham, Mr John, Bookseller, Lon- 
don, 2 copies, 

Plankett, Michael R. Esq. R.M. 

Powell, Major Henry J. 

Power, Sir James, Baronet. 

Power, Nicholas 0*NeiIl. Esq. Snow 
Hill, Ferrybank, Waterford, 2 copies. 

Preston, Honorable Thomas. 2 copies. 

Prim, John G. A. Esq. Kilkenny. 

Purcell. Mrs. Halverston, 2 copies, 

Puroell, Ignatius Francis, Esq. Cmm- 
lin House. 

Purdon, S. G. Esq. D. L., Tinerana, 

Quinn, Rev. ThoouM, P.P., Inagh and 

Quinn, Mr. F. J. 

Reade, Philip, Esq. Woodpark, Scariff. 
Redmond, Sylvester, Esq. Liverpool 
Redmond, J. H. Esq. Do. 
Reilly, Michael, Mr. Killefacy, Mount- 

O'Reilly, Terence, Esq. Solicitor. 




Renehan, ReT. Lanrence, President of 

^Uynooth CoUege. 
Reynolds, Tliomas, Esq. City Marshal. 
Roche, Rev. Alexander, Bray. 
Roche, W. S. Esq. M.B.. Assistant 

Snrgeon H.M.S. * Snake.' 
Rougluin, Rev. Michael, P.P., Kildy- 

Rowan, Rev. A. B. Behnont. Tralee. 
Ryan, William Barke, Esq. M.D. Lon- 

don, 3 copies, 
Ryan, Rev. Mr. St. John's Wood, Lon- 

Ryan, BIr. Dennis, Broff. 
O'Ryan, John, Esq. Olohenon House. 

Sainthill, R. Esq. Cork. 

Sarsfield, T. Ronayne, Esq. 

Soott, Rohert, Esq. Great Bar, Stoor. 

Scully, Mr. Michael, Cloughnakilty. 
Segrave, Rev. Peter, Del|i^y. 
Mac Shane, Mr. James, Dnngannon. 
O'Shaughnessy, Mark, Esq. Barrister, 

Shaw, John, Esq. Ennit. 
O'Shea, Miss, North Mall, Cork. 
Sheehan, Very Rev. John, P.P. 

Ennistymon, 2 copiet. 

Sherlock, Esq. Rome. 

Skerrett, William Joseph, Esq. Finna- 

varra House, Burrin. 
Slattrrt, Most Rev. Michael, D.D. 

R. C. Archbishop of Cashbl. 
Smith, Rev. Patrick, C.C, Haddington 

Smythe, Robert, Esq. Dmmcree. 
Somerville, Right Hon. Sir William M. 

Staunton, M. T. Esq. London, 6 copies, 
Staunton, H. C. Esq. Do. 2 copies, 
Stewart, Francis Robert, Esq, ELing's- 

Inns' Library. 

Strange, Peter, Esq. Aylwardttown. 
Stronge, Sir Jameti Baronet, Tynan- 

McSweeny, Debiny, and Co., Dublin, 

2 ctfjHes. 

Talbot db Malahidb, Right Hon. 

^KD, 4 atpies. 
Taaflb, Myles, Esq. Smarmore. 
Talbot, Marcus, Esq. Ennis. 
Taylor, J. J. Esq. Swords House. 
Toole, Charies, Esq. Wilfort. Bray. 
Toomy, Rev. P., S.A. Ross. 
Townscnd, Richard, t^. Clonlaff. 
Trant, John, Esq. D.L. Dovea, 4 

Treacy, Miss, Brigadie House, Bally- 

Tuite, Hugh Morgan, Esq. D.L. 
Twemlow, John, Esq. Hatherton, Nant- 

wicli, 2 copies. 
Tyrrel, John, Esq. London. 

Wbsticbath, Most Noble the Mar- 
quess OP, 2 copies 

Wade, George, Esq. Ashbrook, Phosniz 

WalUwe, Albany, F^. Worthing. 
I Sussex. 
! Walsh, Rev. Michael, PP. Rosbercon. 

Walsh, Rev. John, C.C. Do. 

Walsh, Rev. Richard, P.P. Hoadford. 

Walsh, John, Esq. Limerick. 

Walter, Robert, Esq. Aughinoaim 
Castle, N. B. 

Waters, Messrs. Francis, Ac, livar- 

Webster, Baron D. Esq. Penns, Bir- 

Webster, Joseph, Esq. do. 

Weir, Archibald, junior, Esq. Baaufby- 
terrace, Maida Villa, London. 

Worn, Mr. Richard, Dublin, 2 copies. 


I HAVE been often, and by many, invited to leave in 
print, from my extensive manuscript collections, some 
records of the families indigenous to, or long natural- 
ized in Ireland ; their origin, actings, and ' habitats.' 
Yet it was not until a crisis of natural hurricanes 
had felled 'the flowers of the forest,' and dismantled 
their once flourishing companions, of bloom and foliage, 
that the appeal was mournfully efiective. It was not 
a task of labour to me ; it was willingly and zealously 
undertaken. I examined my relics of other days ; 
and one little tract, of which I had a copy, the 
Muster Roll of the Army of King James the Second 
in Ireland, giving the names of the several Colonels 
and subaltern officers of the respective Regiments of 
Horse, Dragoons, and Infantry in his service, seemed 
f akin to the subject I sought to effectuate. The 

I families in commission thereupon, upwards of five 

hundred, were the aristocracy of their country at that 




day ; and though all who were then able to bear 
arms in the Stuart cause, were decimated on the 
deadly fields of this campaign, very many names still 
survived and struggled in respectability and tenure 
almost to the present time. 

When I embraced the project, I devoted to its 
accomplishment such literary aid as I could draw 
from those manuscripts, which it has cost me nearly 
fifty years of labour, research, and outlay to accumu- 
late. They extend through upwards of two hundred 
volumes, and especially supply a singular mass of in- 
formation for illustrating the lineage, honours and 
achievements of families connected with Ireland by 
*• title, tenure, rank, birtli, or alliance. Having here- 
tofore furnished some genealogical Memoirs on liberal 
support, I felt confident that, when I embraced a 
grouping so extensive as that of King James's Army 
List, more than the mere expenses of my outlay in 
printing and paper would be cheerfully volunteered 
for my indemnity. I gave every reasonable publicity 
to the project, and was gratified by the warm co- 
operation of the Irish press and some of the English. 
I also issued very generally circulars, in which were 
detailed the Regiments to be treated of; Eight of 
Horse, Seven of Dragoons, and Fifty-six of Infantry ; 
on all which the Colonels, Majors, Captains and sub- 


altems are named and classed. Of the family of each 
I proposed to give Historical and Genealogical Illus- 
trations ; with especial regard, in the case of Irish 
Septs, to their respective ancient localities ; and in 
that of surnames introduced from England or Scot- 
land, to the counties from which they migrated, and 
the periods of their coming over. After some notices 
of early chronology, I designed to shew how far each 
of these was affected by Cromwell's Denunciation 
Ordinance of 1652, and by attainders and confisca- 
tions, more particularly those of 1642 and 1691 ; 
how they were represented in Sir John Perrot's memo- 
rable Conciliation Parliament of 1585, in the Assem- 
bly of Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny in 1646, 
and in King James's own Parliament of May, 1689; 
what members of those names were distinguished by 
Royal Thanks in the Act of Settlement ; how far they 
were nominated in King James's New Charters ; what 
claims were preferred, and with what success, against 
their confiscations at Chichester House in 1700; and 
lastly, to a reasonable extent, their subsequent honours 
and achievements in the exiled Brigades. This latter 
designed portion has however been, as I indeed an- 
ticipated in my Circular, considerably lessened by the 
recent and continuing publication of Mr. O'Callaghan, 
whose researches, diligence, and enthusiasm peculiarly 


qualified him for the task. Of this my scope of illus- 
trations, a Peer, of high literary attainments and of 
the most active and practical nationality, was pleased 
to write to me, "If the work is carried on according 
to your plan, it will prove a most valuable compila- 
tion, and be absolutely indispensable for the library 
of every Irishman." 

I calculated that the Illustrations should extend 
from six hundred to eight hundred pages ; but, as- 
sured as I might well feel by such a testimonial, that 
the sale would be very extensive (at least one thou- 
sand copies), I limited the price for subscribers to ten 
shillings ; while I sought to indemnify myself against 
possible loss in the outlay, and in probable though un- 
designed defalcation in the collecting of small sums 
from widely scattered and shifting subscribers (a 
large number in America), by requiring that an in- 
demnity of £200, irrespective of copies^ should be 
secured to me by those who felt nationally or indi- 
vidually interested in the work. My collections for 
this indemnity commenced in last March, and a List 
for general subscribers was opened at the same time. 
In June the Indemnity had reached only £100, and 
not three hundred copies were engaged, when it was 
my first thought to return the money so advanced 
and abandon the project ; but, thinking such conduct 


might be considered a breach of faith with those 
who had fulfilled their parts, I put the manuscript 
in the printer's hands, limiting the impression to 
five hundred copies, while the price remained unal- 
tered. As the work progressed through the press, I 
felt that I had much under-rated its extent ; my own 
materials for the several memoirs would have far ex- 
ceeded one thousand pages, yet was it not until much 
of the book was printed oflF, that at p. 353 I felt 
necessitated to commence the irksome labour of abridg- 
ing and pruning the ensuing copy. It remains, 
however, an overgrown volume. The payments to the 
Indemnity are yet but £157 lis. ; the number of scat- 
tered copies engaged, little more than four hundred. 
Such are my especial grounds of disappointment. 
Those to the cause I have felt more deeply. 

I was too well aware of that destruction of the 
genealogical archives of my country, which cam- 
paigns of slaughter, confiscation, and persecution 
had effected. Two great civil wars, the result of 
misguided loyalty and ill-requited enthusiasm, having 
involved and crushed, with relentless ruin, the native 
aristocracies of each period, all Ireland became in 
a manner forfeited from its old proprietors, subjected 
as they were to a succession of parliamentary attain- 
ders. The victims of this fatal policy, expatriated 



from the scenes of their hereditary history, were at 
least eager, wlien they could, to carry with them its 
reconls and memorials. They snatched up from tlie 
libraries and monasteries and cabinets, the annals, the 
muniments, the title-deeds of the land. They carried 
them off as all of venerable that could then W saved 
from the desolation that rioted over their homes. 
They treasured them as the Penates of their early 
attachment ; and, when they looked uix)n the moul- 
dering fragments of these native documents, in the 
respective lands of their exile, the remembrance of 
their country was softened into melancholy endurance. 
In all my circulars and otherwise, I sedulously la- 
boured to discover such of these memorials as might 
yet scantily exist, and solicited the inspection of any 
ancient family manuscripts, pedigrees, diaries, or cor- 
respondence, notes of well accredited tradition or local 
memorials, that might be relevant to the times, and 
could be afforded or obtained. They should explain, 
strengthen, verify, and enrich my own notices ; iden- 
tify the cavaliers and their descendants whom I 
sought to record, and establish links of their respective 
kindred. I thought the opportunity I thus afforded 
of noting, as on record, what may otherwise be forever 
lost, would be zealously embraced ; yet was my appeal 
responded to only by the O'Donovan of Montpelier, 


Messrs. Hurley, Haly, O'CarroU-Dempster, Loughrian, 
Browne of Mx)yne, and O'KeeflFe. I was left to the 
exclusive resources of my own manuscripts, and the 
able and fortunately numerous genealogical publica- 
tions of Sir Bernard Burke. If, therefore, my illus- 
trations could not be rendered complete, or if, yet 
more, they are erroneous, blame should attach more to 
those who withheld information within their know- 
ledge, than to me who vainly sought it. I did not 
profess to connect pedigrees, but only to preserve 
scattered — undoubted links, and aflFord legal evi- 
dence of their former existence. So anxious, however, 
am I that these ' discerpta membra' should be re- 
connected and faithfully restored, that, while life is 
spared to me, I shall gladly receive such ancient 
family papers and vouchers as I heretofore sought, 
test them by my own collections, and, embodying all 
with what I have been obliged to withdraw from the 
present work, I shall be able from the whole to digest 
all that is relevant, and cast away surplusage. Or, 
if so great a general labour is beyond attainment or 
due encouragement, I shall give the results of partial 
prompt communications, as addenda to the present 
volume, or more gladly assign the whole to a publisher. 
I shall only take leave to add, that all the state- 
ments in this volume are based upon pure authorities. 


and^ as far as possible, are given in their language, 
the native annals being chiefly adopted from the Four 
Masters : and I confidently rely that the several 
* Illustrations ' herein develop scenes, events, and 
doings of chivalrous loyalty, disinterested friendship, 
and devoted love, such as the history of less stirring 
times cannot afford. The names of the respective 
actors are arranged in a copious Index. 


48, Sammer-hill, Dublin. 
29th October, 1855. 




— »»| — 

The Civil War, that commenced in Ireland in 1689, 
and whose discomfited partisans, their broken fortunes 
and attainted families, the ensuing pages are designed 
to record, originated in bitter feelings, generated a 
century and an half previously, when the relentless 
arm of one, whom history has truly delineated a Royal 
Despot, sought to enforce the religion of the Refor- 
mation on that reluctant country. Happily, it is not 
necessary nor fitting here to enter into unwelcome 
controversy ; enough to rely upon the facts of his- 
tory, and confidently to assert that in Ireland, legis- 
lative persecution was pre-eminently directed to such 
an object. The declaration of the king's supremacy, 
the abolition of appeals to Rome, the conferring the 
election to ecclesiastical preferments on the Crown, 
(not only of bishoprics, but those of exclusively Roman 
Catholic endowed abbeys, priories, and colleges) ; the 
suppression of the principal religious establishments 
on delusive surrenders, the confiscation and lay ap- 
propriation of their revenues and possessions, created 



feelings of hostility to the English government, that 
the progress of time but encreased On Queen Mary's 
accession, her parliament suspended the action of these 
penal inflictions, — Queen Elizabeth restored them 
with the superadded terrors of the Act of Uniformity. 
This autocratic effort of bigotry was, it may be said, 
allowed to sleep during her reign, but, in the times of 
her successors, it was startled into vigorous operation. 
The policy of James the First devised in 1613 a 
new and more temporal grievance for the Irish peo- 
ple ; — the Commission of Grace, as it was styled, which 
abolished the old tenures of immemorial native use, 
tanistry and gavelkind. The uncertain exactions, 
theretofore imposed upon the tenantry, were, it is 
true, thereby altered into certain annual rents and 
free holdings, a change that would at first sight ap- 
pear beneficial to the people ; but, when it is under- 
stood that these Irish tenures gave occupants only a 
life estate in their lands, and that, while these were 
suffered to exist, no benefit whatsoever could accrue 
to the crown on attainders ; whereas the new patents, 
which this commission, as on defective titles, invited 
the proprietors to take out, gave the fee to the king, the 
old being for ever surrendered, they were obvious and 
powerful securities, that, on any act as of constructive 
treason, might absorb the whole interest from the 
native tanists. At the same time fell upon the Irish 
Catholic population, what the Protestant Bishop of 
Leighlin and Ferns, in an official return of 1612, 
designated, " the payment of double tithes and offer- 


ings, the one paid by them to ^^5, and the other unt 
their own Clergy.'' 

In 1626, in the pecuniary exigencies of the es 
chequer, King Charles was induced to proflFer ne^ 
' Graces,' as a consideration for liberal advances c 
money from the Irish Roman Catholics. By this devic 
it was provided, that the taking of the oath of supremac; 
should be dispensed with, and ecclesiastical exaction 
be modified ; privileges which the Deputy Lord Fali 
land caused to be proclaimed over the country. Hi 
successor, the unfortunate Lord Strafford, howevei 
having recommended their retrenchment, the King*! 
intentions were in point of fact but little attended to 
and, while the Catholic members, who sat in the Par 
liament of 1640, relying on their fulfilment, joined ii 
voting the large supplies required, the King's lettei 
and the order for levying these subsidies containec 
no recognition of the promised Graces. That Par- 
liament adjourned on the 7th of August, 1641 ; and 
it is not to be wondered, that the native Irish and 
the whole Catholic population were thereupon too na- 
tionally excited to an assertion in arms of privileges, 
their King had promised — had actually jiated^ but 
which his Irish Viceroy refused to ratify. They saw 
that King over-ruled, they felt that their altars were 
denounced, their homes invaded, and their titles con- 
founded by alleged defects and deceitful commissions. 
The ensuing 21st of October witnessed the outbreak 
of an insurrection, that bequeathed an inheritance of 
jealousy and disunion to Ireland from that day. " We 

B 2 


declare unto your Lordship,'' said the confederate 
Catholics, in an address framed on the Hill of Tara, 
to the Marquess of Clanricarde, " that the only scope 
and purpose of our taking up arms is for the honour 
of God, to obtain a free exercise of the ancient 
Catholic Roman religion, so long and so constantly 
adhered unto by us and our progenitors in this King- 
dom, whereof we are threatened to be utterly deprived, 
and from which nothing but death or utter extirpation 
shall remove us. " The attainders and confiscations, 
consequent upon this war, followed up as they were 
with peculiar hostility by the Cromwellian adven- 
turers, that were let in upon the island, heaped fi^h 
heart-burnings and unceasing discontent on the 
Catholic party. On the final success of these invaders, 
a body of ftx)m 30 to 40,000 Irish, plundered of their 
estates, and unwilling to submit to the revolution- 
ary government, left their country under different 
leaders, and entered the service of France, Spain, 
Austria, and Venice ; but ever still with the object 
of aiding the exiled Stuarts, and promoting their re- 
storation to sovereignty. Their services as such were 
acknowledged on paper in a section of the Act of 
Settlement (14 & 15 Car. 2, c. 2, s. 25). Some, as 
" having, for * reasons known unto us, in an especial 
manner, merited our grace and favour f others, as 
" having continued with us, or served faithfully under 
our ensigns beyond the seas." But their loyalty to 
that ungrateful and incompetent dynasty experienced 
a thrilling disappointment, when the restoration c 


Charles restored nothing to them ; nay, worse, when 
that King confirmed the grants certified for the ad- 
venturers and soldiers of the usurper, whUe even his 
brother, the Catholic Duke of York, the James the 
Second of this work, obtained recognition patents for 
276,000 acres, forfeited in various parts of Ireland by 
the cavaliers, who, like those of the following " Army 
List,^ fought and fell ^pro aria et focis' Loyalty to 
such a King, the descendant of such a race, cannot 
therefore be deemed the exclusive or even the para- 
mount incentive of the resistance to King William. 

In 1661, the Eoman Catholic Clergy of Ireland 
preferred to the King their " Humble Remonstrance, 
Acknowledgment, Protestation, and Petition," wherein 
they represented that, " being entrusted, by the indis- 
pensable permission of the King of Kings, with the 
cure of souls and the care of our flocks, in order to the 
administration of the sacraments ; and teaching the 
people that perfect obedience, which for conscience sake 
they are bound to pay to your Majesty, we are yet 
'laden' with calumnies, and persecuted with severity,'' 
and they strongly deprecated " those calumnies, under 
which our tenets in religion, and our dependence upon 
the Pope's authority are aspersed ; and we humbly beg 
your Majesty's pardon to vindicate both by the ensuing 
protestation, which we make in the sight of heaven 
and in the presence of your ^IB^ty, sincerely and 
truly, without equivocation or mental reservation." 
The Remonstrance then proceeded to enlarge upon the 
unmerited injuries inflicted upon themselves and their 


flocks, and prayed the royal protection. This memo- 
rial was accompanied by the " Faithful and Humble 
Remonstrance of the Roman Catholic Nobility and 
Gentry of Ireland,** in which they set forth " the pro- 
digious afftictions under which the monarchy of Great 
Britain had, before his Majesty's happy Restoration, 
groaned these twenty years ; and out of our sad 
thoughts, which daily bring more and more sighs 
from our breasts, and tears from our eyes, for the 
still as yet continued miseries and sufferings of the 
Catholic natives of this our unfortunate country, even 
amidst, and ever since the so much famed joys and 
triumphs of your Sacred Majesty's most auspicious 
inauguration ;" and the Petitioners, referring to and 
identifying themselves with the aforesaid Remonstrance 
of the Clergy, then proceeded to vindicate themselves, 
solemnly pledged their loyalty, and disclaimed any 
power of the Pope to loosen their allegiance, or sanc- 
tion their rebellion. It forms no inapt introduction 
to the * Army List,' here to give the names of those 
laymen, who signed that protestation ; they will be 
found in many instances identical, or at least of 
kindred with those in the present record : — 

Luke, Earl of Fingal ; Arthur, Viscount Iveagh ; 

Morrough, Earl of Inchequin ; William, Viscount Clane ; 

Donogh, Earl of Clancarty ; Charles Viscount Muskerry ; 

Oliver, Earl of lyrconnel ; WiUiam, Viscount Taafie ; 

Theobald, Earl of Carlingford ; Oliver, Baron of Louth ; 

Edmund, Viscount Mountgar- William, Bsu'on of Castleconnell; 

ret ; Colonel Charles Dillon ; 

Thomas, Viscount Dillon ^ Matthew Plunkett, Esq. ; 


Lieut. Col. Ignatius Nugent ; 

Edward Plunkett, Esq. ; 

Nicholas Plunkett, Knight ; 

Matthew Plunkett of Dun- 

Christopher Plunkett of Dun- 

James Dillon, Knight ; 

Colonel Christopher Bryan ; 

Robert Talbot, Baronet ; 

Ulick Burke, Baronet ; 

Edward Fitzharris, Baronet ; 

Valentine Browne, Baronet ; 

Luke Butler, Baronet ; 

Henry SUngsby, Knight ; 

John Bellew, Knight ; 

Colonel William Burke ; 

Colonel John Fitzpatrick ; 

Colonel Brian Mac Mahon ; 

Colonel Miles Reilly ; 

Colonel Gilbert Talbot ; 

Colonel Milo Power ; 

Lieut .-Col. Pierce Lacy ; 
Lieut.-Col. Ulick Bourke ; 
Lieut.-Col. Thomas Scurlog ; 
Jeffry Browne of Galway ; 
John Walsh of Ballinvoher ; 
Patrick Bryan ; 
James Fitzgerald of Laccah ; 
John Talbot of Malahide ; 
Thomas Luttrell of Luttrells- 

John Holy wood of Artane ; 
Henry, " son to Sir Phelim 

Dudley Bagnall of Dunleckney ; 

Henry Draycott of Momir 

Edward Butler of Monehire 
Nicholas D'Arcy of Platten ; 
Patrick Sarsfield of Lucan ; 
John Mc Namara of Cratloe 
James Talbot of Bellaconnel 
Robert Balfe of Carrstown ; 
James Talbot of Templeogu* 
Patrick Archer ; 
Luke Dowdall of Athlumnej 
PhUip Hore of Eallsallaghai 
James Bamwall of Bremore 
James Allen of St. Wolstan'i 
Thomas Cantwell of Ball; 

makeidy ; 
John Cantwell of Cantwell' 

court ; 
Edmund Dillon of Stream 

John Fleming of Stahalmock 

Peter Sherlock of Gracedieu 

Christopher Archbold of Time 
lin ; 

Patrick Moore of Dowanstown 

Nicholas Haly of Towrine ; 

Pierce Butler of Callan ; 

Pierce Butler of Killveagh 
legher ; 

John Segrave of Cabragh ; 

Richard Wadding of Kilbarry 

Thomas Browne of Clondmet 

Oliver Cashel of Dundalk ; 

Patrick Clinton of Irish town ; 

Captain Christopher Turner ; 


John Bagot ; Thomas Sarsfield of Sarsfields- 

William Grace ; town ; 

John Arthur of Hogstown ; Pierce * Nangle ' of Monanimy ; 

liarcufl LaSan of Greystown ; James Wolverston of Stillor- 

Christopher Ay Imer of Balrath ; gan ; 

James Plonket of Gibstown ; Michael Bret ; 

Thomas St. John of Monks- Patrick Boylan of Bally-tumy- 

town ; mac-Oris ; 

William Barry Oge of Rincor- James White of Chambelly ; 

ran ; Major Lawrence Dempsey ; 

Richard Strong of Rockwell*s Captain Richard Dempsey ; 

Castle ; Edward Nugent of Culvin ; 

James Butler of Ballinakill ; Patrick Porter of Kingstown ; 

Attthooy Colclough ; Major Marcus Furlong. 

During the life time of King Charles, in 1669, 
eight years after the Restoration, his brother James, 
Duke of York, conformed to the Roman Catholic 
wofBhip, being then aged 36. * In fifteen years after, 
he succeeded to the Throne ; and his accession was 
hailed by the great majority of the Irish people, very 
naturally, as opening a fair prospect for their tolera- 
tion and protection ; while he looked to their island 
not less sanguinely, as the garrison of his creedsmen 
and prop of his government. With the object of cor- 
rectly ascertaining their feelings towards him, he sum- 
moned those Irish officials, that he considered most 
competent to advise him, to a meeting at Chester, in 
1687. On the 27th August in that year he entered 
this ancient city, where " he was received by the cor- 
poration in their robes. He was afterwards splendidly 

* Clarke's Memoirs of James II. vol. 1, p. 440, &c. 


entertained by them. He lodged at the Bishop's 
Palace, from whence he walked next morning 
(Sunday) through the City to the Castle (the Mayor 
bare-headed, carrying the sword before him), heard 
mass in the shire hall,. and received the sacrament 
according to the Romish ritual, in the chapel in the 
square tower of the Castle. On Monday he went to 
Holywell ; on Tuesday returned to Chester ; and the 
day following closeted several gentlemen, both of the 
City and County, in order to prevail upon them to 
approve of the repeal of the penal laws and Test Act ; 
but he met with very little encouragement in that 
way. On Thursday, September the first, the King left 
Chester, not much satisfied with the disposition of the 
people." * The English historian has made no men- 
tion of the interview His Majesty had here with his 
Irish officials ; but Tyrconnel, whom that King had 
by his earliest exercise of the prerogative created an 
Irish peer, was there, and in his suite were the Chief 
Baron, Sir Stephen Rice ; the Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, Sir Thomas Nugent ; and other influential 
individuals of the day, who will appear in subsequent 
pages. These represented the state of Irish feeling to 
be, as they thought it, in spirit and strength enthu- 
siastically loyal. 

In the preceding year, Tyrconnel had been ap- 
pointed Viceroy of Ireland, from which time he had 
devoted his attention to enrolling an army to uphold 

* Ormerod's Cheshire, vol. 1, p. 211. 



his Royal master's cause. The result of his exertions 
is preserved in a manuscript of the British Museum, 
(Lansdowne Collections, No. 1152, p. 229) as follows. 
The promotions of many, before the day of action, 
may be traced on the ensuing Army List : — 

" A LIST OF COMMISSIONS, received and deUvered by Mr. 
Sheridan since the Earl of Tyrconners coming Lord Deputy 
of Ireland. February 12th, 168f, for the Lord Sunderland 
till June 21st, 1687. 

Anthony Hamilton, Colonel ; 
Sir Neale O'Neille, Captain ; 
Nicholas Purcell, Captain ; 
William Nugent, Captain ; 
William Hungate, Major; 
Theo. Russell, Colonel ; 
Theo. Russell, Lieut.- Col. ; 
Walter Nugent, Captain ; 
William Talbott, Major ; 
Greorge Newcomen, Captiun ; 
Walter Harvey, Captain ; 
John Burk, Captain ; 
Edward Fitzgerald, Captain ; 
John Hamilton, Lieut. -Col. ; 
Sir Charles Hamilton, Captain; 
Richard ' Cussack,' Captain- 
Lieutenant ; 
Symon Luttrell, Lieut.-Col. ; 
Lord Kilkenny-West, Captain ; 
Ullick Bourk, Captain; 
Francis Carroll, Major ; 
James Netterville, Captain ; 
Lord Mountjoy, Brigadier ; 
John Gyles, Captain ; 
Daniel Macarty, Captain ; 

Sir Robert Grore, Captain ; 
Robert Nangle, Captain. 


Daniel O'Neill, Lieutenant ; 
nUick Burk, Lieutenant ; 
Greorge Bamewall, Comet ; 
Robert Grace, Capt .-Lieut. ; 
Francis Meara, Lieutenant ; 
Edmond Butler, Comet ; 
Edward Butler, Capt.-Lieut. ; 
Walter Burke, Lieutenant ; 
John Graydon, Comet ; 
Robert Walsh, Comet ; 
John Nugent, Cornet ; 
John Nugent, Lieutenant ; 
Henry Dillon, Lieutenant ; 
Rene Mezandier, Lieutenant ; 
Arthur Magennis, Comet ; 
Francis Hamilton, Lieutenant; 
Francis Preston, Comet ; 
James Purcell, Cornet ; 
George Gernon, Lieutenant. 

KING James's ikish akmy list. 



Henry Edge worth, Lieut. ; 
Hugh O^Rourk, Lieutenant ; 
William Netterville, Lieut. ; 
John Dungan, Lieutenant ; 
Jeffirej Connell, Ensign ; 
Thomas Luttrell, Ensign ; 
Beverley Newcomen, Ensign ; 
Francis Slingsby, Lieutenant ; 
Charles Manley, Lieutenant ; 
Thomas Colt, Lieutenant ; 
Anthony Malone, Lieutenant; 
Richard Bamewall, Ensign ; 
Richard Plunkett, Lieut. ; 
Con. O^eill, Lieutenant; 
John Talbott, Lieutenant ; 
David Lundy, Ensign ; 
John Talbott, Ensign ; 
Arthur Fitton, Lieutenant ; 
Flo. Fitzpatrick, Lieutenant ; 
Thomas Talbott, Ensign ; 
Edwd. Kindellan, Capt.-Iieut.; 
Christopher Bamewall, Lieut. ; 
Thomas Clayton, Ensign ; 
Andrew Dorrington, Ensign ; 
Mountjoy Blount, Ensign ; 
Nicholas Tyrwhitt, Lieutenant ; 
Edmond Keating, Ensign ; 
Patrick Cheevers, Ensign ; 
Charles Stuart, Ensign ; 
Richard Bellew, Ensign ; 
Henry Sheridan, Ensign ; 
John Delahyde, Lieutenant ; 
Daniel O'Sullivan, Lieutenant ; 
Robert Russell, Lieutenant ; 
John Macartane, Ensign ; 
Michael ' Cussack,' Ensign ; 

John Bellew, Ensign ; 
Edmund Reyley, Ensign ; 
George Darcy, Ensign ; 
John White, Lieutenant ; 
James Tobyn, Ensign ; 
John Butler, Ensign ; 
Geo. Haughton, Capt.-Lieut. ; 
John Reynolds, Capt.-Lieut. ; 
John Hogan, Lieutenant ; 
Benjamin Tychbome, Ensign ; 
Pierce Butler, Ensign ; 
Nicholas Rooth, Ensign ; 
Andrew Brovme, Ensign ; 
James Magee, Ensign ; 
John Wogan, Ensign ; 
Richard Bamewall, Lieut. ; 
George Talbot, Lieutenant ; 
Thomas Dongan, Ensign ; 
-^-^ Bulkley, Ensign; 
Hugh O'Neill, Ensign ; 
William Sheridan, Ensign. 


Rowland Smith, Captain ; 
John Roche, Comet. 


Jos. Jackman, Lieutenant ; 
Sir Thomas Atkins, Lieut. ; 
Christopher Nugent, Lieut. ; 
Toby Purcell, Major ; 
Mark Talbott, Major ; 



James Bryan, Ensign ; 
Lord Limerick, Capt. Horse ; 
Matt. Bellew, Lieut. Horse ; 
Silvester Mathews, Ensign ; 
David Lundj, Ensign ; 
Daniel O'Neill, Lieutenant ; 
Phil. Terrett, Lieutenant ; 
Morgan Floyd, Captain ; 
Colonel Grace, Governor of 

Athlone ; 
Colonel Grace, Captain ; 

Arundell, Captain ; 

Edward Butler, Captain ; 
Bandall Plunkett, Lieutenant ; 
James Bryan, Ensign (ertued 

in ike original) ; 
John Taaffe, Captain. 

king's letters delivered. 
Lord Chancellor ; 
Attorney General ; 
Lord Lowth ; 
Sir William Talbot; 
Colonel Hamilton ; 
Lord Netterville ; 
Lord Bellew ; 
Symon Luttrell; 
Lord Chief Baron Rice ; 
Sir Harry Lynch ; 
Justice Martin ; 
Lord Viscount Gallway ; 
Colonel 'Moor.' 


Henry Sheridan, Ensign ; 
Thomas Purcell, Ensign ; 

John White, Lieutenant ; 
Eustace White, Lieutenant ; 
Lord Kilkenny- West, Capt. ; 
James Butler, Comet ; 
John Power, Lieutenant ; 
Daniel Macnamara, Ensign ; 
Hugh O' * Roirk,' Lieut. ; 
William Usher, Lieutenant ; 
Calla. Mc Callahan, Comet; 
John Delahide, Ensign ; 

Bryan, Ensign ; 

Stafford, Ensign ; 

Thos. Nugent, Ensign ; 

Fleming, Ldeut. Horse ; 

Burk, Lieut. Horse ; 

Townley, Comet ; 

Richard Butler, Comet ; 
John Nugent, Lieut. Horse ; 
Arthur Dillon, Lieut. Horse ; 
Henry Dillon, Lieut. Horse ; 
Roger Jeffryes, Comet. 


Colonel Richard Butler ; 
Dean Manby. 

ADDED in another hand. 

Sum due _. .-£547 2 

Sam retmned . . _ _ 507 I 7 

For return 39 6 5 

For mj Lord 394 4 3 

Us 73 18 4 

Clerks 26 

Signett Office 13 13 

Sum, £547 2 



25 Colonels, Lieut. -Colonels, Majors, Captains, and Brigadiers. 
12 Lieutenants of Horse. 

8 Comets. 
25 Lieutenants of Foot. 
34 Ensigns." 

In the April of 1687, Tyrconnel had been com- 
missioned, to select influential persons throughout the 
several counties in Ireland, to aid the Commissioners 
of the Revenue in collecting subsidies for the support 
of the state. The return of these, so appointed, as 
well as the above inchoate list, were doubtless laid 
before King James at Chester by Tyrconnel, when 
that monarch, still King of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland, devolved upon him the responsibility of 
supporting his royal authority in the latter king- 
dom, and of directing the zeal and energies of its 
people to his service ; and, notwithstanding all they 
had so recently lost in upholding the Stuarts, they 
rendered to Tyrconnel, says Colonel O'Kelly, in the 
" Excidium Macarioe^^ not only the number of soldiers 
which he had demanded, equipped at their private cost, 
but every farther aid that either their fortunes or their 
influence could fiirnish." The consummation of their 
labours was the Army List now presented to the public. 

The copy here published is preserved in the Manu- 
scripts of Trinity College, Dublin, where it is classed 
F. 1, 14. It extends over thirty-four pages octavo. 
On the two first are the names of all the Colonels ; 


on the four following are the Rolls of the Eight Regi- 
ments of Horse ; on the next four are the Rolls of 
the six of Dragoons. The remaining twenty-four 
record the Infantry. The officers of each company 
are arranged in columns headed respectively Cap- 
tains, Lieutenants, Comets or Ensigns, and Quarter- 
Masters. Under that of Captains, the Colonels, 
Lieutenant-Colonels, and Majors, are usually classed. 
Under the others, the entries appear seriatim^ and 
in line, as this list was then filled up. It bears no 
date, but while, on inspecting many of the original 
commissions, some few, as that of Captain George 
Chamberkiin, are of December, 1688 ; and a great 
number on the 8th of March, being near the close of 
that year, but four days before the King's landing at 
Kinsale ; others are of later appointment, as that of 
James Carroll, to a Captaincy in Lord Dongan's 
Dragoons, is of the 30th of July following. It would 
therefore seem to have been closed, in its present 
state, about the August of 1689, and before the whole 
force was completed. The only point that could 
militate with such an assignment of date, is the fact 
of Richard Talbot being described upon it as an Earl, 
whereas his patent to the Dukedom was granted on 
the 10th of July in that year ; but its having been 
a current and continuing muster may account for 
this. On this list the Horse had the highest pay, 
and were therefore classed first of the Cavalry. The 
Dragoons, having to do duty on foot as well as on 
horseback, were lighter troops than the Horse in these 


times.* The three first of the Horse Regiments, v iz. : 
Tyrconners, Galmoy's, and Sarsfield's, had each nine 
troops with fifty-three men in each troop ; the five 
last had each six troops, with the same complement oi 
men in each. Three of the Dragoons, viz. : Lord 
Dongan's, the first, Sir Neill O^Neill's, the second, and 
Colonel Simon Luttrell's, the fourth, had each eight 
troops with sixty men in each ; the remainder had 
six troops in each regiment, and sixty men in each 
troop.f The regiments of Infantry had thirteen com- 
panies in each, and sixty-three men in each company. 
The levies were conducted with such enthusiasm, that 
the force in this list was raised, armed, and clothed in 
less than six weeks,J and may te truly said to com- 
prise scions of the whole aristocracy of Ireland at that 
period, as well of the native Irish septs as of the 

As the Colonels of the establishment are subse- 
quently given, each at the head of his regiment, it 
would be idle to display their names here, with the 
exception of the two first, to whom no regiments are 
assigned in this list, viz. : Lord Viscount Dover, and 
the Duke of Berwick ; and that of Colonel Thomas 
Maxwell, no detail of whose re^ment is given, but 
who is fully noticed at the close of the Dragoons' 

• Macariae Excidium, p. 441, note. 

t Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, t. 1, p. 97. 

I Story's Impartial History, pp. 5 & 6. 



Colonel of the First Troop of Guards. 

This Henry Jennyn, brother of Lord Thomas Jer- 
myn of St. Edmundsbury, was himself, in 1685, 
created a peer, as Lord Jermyn of Dover ; and, in 
deference to his elder brother (while he lived), was 
usually styled Lord Dover, and so sworn of the 
English Privy Council in 1686 ; at which period it 
was rumoured he was to be appointed Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, in place of the Earl of Clarendon.* In 
1687,he was nominated a Lord of the English Treasury, 
and in 1688, a short time before the king's abdication 
in that country, he was especially selected and con- 
firmed by his Majesty's will, executed at Whitehall 
in the commencement of that year, the confidential 
adviser of the Queen. He afterwards facilitated the 
escape of James, and was one of the few, who accom- 
panied the royal exile to France and subsequently to 
Ireland. While yet at sea, in the latter movement, 
he addressed a letter " to the Corporation of Castle- 
haven, or any other place where the Captain (Major 
General Boisselau) may land." "Gentlemen," (it 
is copied from the original, in possession of the 
O'Donovan) " From aboard the King of France's ship, 
here upon the Irish coast for the service of his Ma- 
jesty of England, with all sorts of ammunition and 

* Singer's Correspondence, v. 2, pp. 10 & 25. 


necessaries, and myself here commanding the King's 
forces on board. I send Captain la Rue and another 
to learn what news you can inform us of ; therefore, 
pray send us, with all speed you possibly can, all the 
news you know, both of the King and the enemy's 
fleet, that we may govern ourselves accordingly. 
Gentlemen, your humble servant, Dover." (No date.) 
In July, 1689, he was joined in commission for the 
Irish Treasury with Tyrconnel, Lord Riverston, and 
Sir Stephen Rice ; while his name appears in this 
Army List, Colonel as above ; his Troop of Horse, 
Gards du Corps^ consisting of 200 men,* but none 
of his subalterns appear hereon. Viscount Dover, 
not being a Peer of Ireland, had no seat in the 
Parliament of 1689, and seems to have early taken 
offence or distrusted James's cause ; for on the 19th 
of June, 1690, eleven days before the battle of the 
Boyne, he applied to Mr. Greorge Kirke, (the well- 
known Major-General) " You will be much surprised 
to receive a letter from me ; but, after the many 
revolutions we have seen in our time, nothing is to 
be wondered at." He then requests Kirke to use his 
interest with Marshal de Schomberg, " to obtain a 
pass for my Lady Dover, myself and the little vessel 
we shall go in, and those few servants specified in the 
within note, to go and stay at Ostend, till such time 
as I may otherwise dispose of myself." As King 
William appeared unwilling to accede to this prayer, 

* Somers' State Tracts, v. 11, p. 398. 

t Clarke's Correspondence, MS. T.C.D. Lett. xiy. 


on account of Lord Dover being excepted out of the 
Act of Indemnity, and also outlawed in AVestminster 
Hall, he, on the 12th of July, after the battle of the 
Boyne, wrote to obtain the interest of a Captain Fitz- 
gerald, to procure a similar passport from King Wil- 
liam, " to enable me to go and end my days quietly 
in England, in which place I will most certainly never 
more meddle with any affairs whatever, but my own 
little particular ones."* Another letter of his lord- 
ship, in the same collection, contains a i^erfect narra- 
tive of his life, stating that he had " served King 
James faithfully, since he was thirteen years old, till 
the French thought fit he should not do it any 
longer." From the context, it would appear that 
Lord Dover had incurred some taunts from the 
French allies, and, possibly, displeasure from James. 
He was soon afterwards allowed to transport himself 
to Flanders, till a fitting time came for his admittance 
to England, whither Lady Dover and her servants had 
a free pass. 

He died on the 6th April, 1708, at Cheveley in 
Leicestershire ; but his remains were interred, at his 
own desire, in the Carmelite Convent of Bruges, 
where his funeral monument ranks him "a Lieu- 
tenant-General in the army. Colonel of a troop of King 
James's Horse Guards, and Lord Lieutenant of the 
county of Cambridge. "f On his death, without issue, 

♦ Southwell MSS. Catal., p. 140. 

t Nichol's Top. and Gen., part 12, p. 498. 


his title became extinct, and his estates devolved 
upon his nieces, the daughters of the aforesaid Baron 
Jermyn of St. Edmundsbury. 


Colonel of the Second Troop of Guards. 

Such was the title, which, in deference to the bor- 
der town, that had for centuries been the great object 
of many a hard-fought . day, James the Second, the 
son of a Scotto-English monarch, conferred upon 
James Fitz-James, his eldest but illegitimate son by 
Arabella Churchill, sister of John Churchill, after- 
wards the renowned Duke of Marlborough. He was 
bom in 1671. In 1686 he distinguished himself at 
the siege of Buda, and in March, 1687, was created 
Baron of Bosworth, Earl of Tinmouth, and Duke 
of Berwick ; his father being then King of Eng- 
land. He was the companion of that father, 
when, having escaped from the Guards at Rochester, 
he crossed to France in a small boat, and landed at 
Ambleteuse, at six o'clock on Christmas morning 
(1688). The Duke was instantly despatched thence, 
by the Royal Exile, to Louis XIV., then at Ver- 
sailles, to pray an asylum in his kingdom. "J'en 
fus recu," says the Duke, in his narrative of that in- 
terview, " avec toute la politesse et Tamiti^ imagina- 
bles ; et il ^toit ais^ de voir par ses discours, que son 



coeur parloit autant que sa langue."* Confiding on 
that reception, King James embarked for Ireland, 
where, on his arriving and learning the state of Ulster, 
he ordered Berwick off to strengthen General Richard 
Hamilton on the east side of the Ban, in his design 
on Coleraine, as well as to sound the state of political 
feeling in Deny. Of this he formed a very mistaken 
notion, writing as he did in April, 1689, to his Royal 
Sire, advising him that it was the opinion of all the 
General Officers, that " if his Majesty would but 
show himself before that town, it would undoubtedly 
surrender." The expectation was, however, ill- 
grounded ; and, on the avowed determination of the 
garrison to hold out, James, who had gone before the 
town in this assurance, returned discountenanced to 
Dublin, to make the necessary arrangements for hold- 
ing his parliament.! Berwick remained with but 
6,000 men, and only six guus, opposed to a garrison 
of 10,000 men, with from twenty to thirty pieces of 
cannon, and an English fleet of thirty sail in the 
river, with arms, ammunition, provisions, and three 
regiments on board, under the command of Major 
General Kirke, commissioned to relieve the place.J 
While the siege was going on, the Duke encountered 
a large body of the Enniskilliners ; on whom, how- 
ever, he made no impression. After the raising of 
the siege, being stationed at Newiy with 1700 foot 

* * Memoir' in Clarke's James II. 

t Clarke's Life of James II., v. 2, p. 332. 

t O'Callaghan on the Excidium Macariffi, pp. 320-1. 


and dragoons, and two troops of horse ; and, designing 
to defend that pass against Schomberg, who had 
landed a few days previously at Carrickfergus, he 
is said by Story,* to have sent a letter by a trumpe- 
ter to that Marshal on the 1st of September, he being 
then in Belfast. This communication, being directed 
only to ' Count ' Schomberg, was returned unopened, 
that officer saying his Royal Master had honoured 
him with the title of Duke, and therefore the letter 
was not to him.f At the close of the same year, 
(1689) in February, Berwick meditated taking pos- 
session of Belturbet, " with the expectation of being 
able to make excursions thence into the enemy's 
quarters all the winter ; but Wolseley, King Wil- 
liam's Colonel, suspecting his design, marched out 
of the town with a considerable body of Horse and 
Foot, when meeting Berwick's forces at Tullaghmon- 
gan, near Cavan, he forthwith attacked them ; and, 
although the Duke behaved himself with great con- 
duct and bravery, having his horse shot under him, 
yet was he worsted in the action, and the town was 
fired by his enemy." 

Berwick was afterwards at the battle of the Boyne, 
where the troop under his command consisted of 
two hundred strong. There also " his horse was shot 
under him, and, as he lay for some time amongst the 
enemy, he was rode over and ill-bruised, until by the 
help of a trooper he was got off again."! After that 

* Impartial Review, part 1, p. 11. 
X Clarke's James II. v. 2, p. 400. 

t Idem. 


battle the Duke rallied, at Brazeel near Dublin, about 
7,000 infantry ; of which he sent to acquaint his 
Royal father in that city, requesting that a convoy of 
Horse and Dragoons should be sent out to enable him 
to come in. The king accordingly ordered out six 
troops of LuttrelFs Dragoons, and three of Aber- 
com's Horse to his relief ; but night had dissolved 
the force which Berwick hoped to keep together — 
they had all dispersed. During the first siege of 
Limerick, (August, 1690) by King William in person, 
" the Irish Cavalry, 3,500 strong, commanded by the 
Duke of Berwick, guarded the right bank of the Shan- 
non, and prevented the English from investing or even 
sending detachments to that side, although the river 
was fordable in many places."* When that siege was 
abandoned, and Tyrconnel passed over to his King to 
France, " he," writes Colonel O'Kelly in the Excidium 
Macarice (p. 72), " established a new form of govern- 
ment in his absence, never before heard of in Ireland ; 
twelve * Senators ' were named to manage the civil 
affairs, the major part being new-interest men, without 
whose concurrence the rest could not act. The 
army he placed under the command of the Duke of 
Berwick, and, in regard his youth gave him little ex- 
perience, (he had not then attained 21 years) he ap- 
pointed a select council of officers to direct him ; 
the Duke having " as Colonel O'Kelly, who was no 
friendly commemorator of Tyrconnel, insinuates, " his 

O'Conors Military Memoirs, p. 117. 


private directions to permit no person of quafity to 
come out of Ireland in his absence, who would be 
likely to oppose his representations at the Court of St. 

The vessel, that was to take Tyrconnel out of 
Galway, was scarcely out of sight, when the young 
Duke, at the head of 4,000 foot, 2000 men at arms, 
and as many light horse, passed the Shannon and 
attacked the Castle of Birr ; but " on an alarm of the 
enemy's advance to relieve the place, he decamped, 
and never stopped till he crossed the Shannon back 
again, returning with his troops into Connaught ; 
having, (adds Colonel O'Kelly) by that successless 
attempt and his shameful retreat, discouraged the 
army, and disheartened the whole nation of Ireland." 
O'Conor, a later historian of the military memoirs of 
this country, says, " Berwick's operations, during the 
absence of Talbot, were directed by the Hamiltons, 
conducted without skill, and disheartened the Irish J^:* 
He was of course attainted, but not until five years 
after the close of that war, of which he has left the 
best account, embodied in Clarke's Life of James the 
Second.f In 1693, Berwick, who had passed to France 
afl«r the surrender of Limerick, was taken prisoner in 
the engagement near Liege, by his uncle, the Duke of 
Marlborough ; and in 1695 he married the widow of 
Sarsfield, who, as hereafter mentioned, fell at Landen 
in 1693. She was the lady Honora de Burgo, second 

* O'Conor 8 Military Memoirs, p. 130. 
t Idem, p. 237. 


daughter of William, the seventh Earl of Clanricarde. 
In tiie chapel of the Castle of St. G^rmains the cere- 
mony took place, which she survived but three years, 
dying of consumption at Montpelier. 

In 1696, when James, under a delusive impression 
that the Prince of Orange's affairs began not to have 
so favourable an aspect as formerly, meditated ob- 
taining forces from the French King for invading 
England; the Duke of Berwick was secretly sent over 
to London to sound the public feeling, — again with ill 
success. The continent was destined to be the theatre 
of his own fixture actions and renown. The brigaded 
Regiment of Foot, formed in France and styled by his 
name was distinguished in the Italian campaign of 
1701 ; when, with Galmoy's, Burke's and Dillon's, and 
with Sheldon's Horse, it formed part of the army that 
was led on by the Duke of Savoy at the engagement near 
Chiari. In 1703, it was incorporated in the Brigade 
of Piedmont,* and actively engaged in its conflicts, f 
In 1704, the three Regiments, Berwick's, Dillon's, and 
Galmoy's, mounted the trenches at Vercelli, Ivrea, and 
Verrua in Italy. In the May of that year, military 
operations commenced in the Spanish Peninsula, by 
the entrance of a Spanish and French army under 
King Philip and the Duke of Berwick respectively, 
at Salvatierra. In 1705, Berwick's Regiment, together 
with Burke's and Fitzgerald's (formerly Albemarle's), 
was engaged in all the battles which marked the 

♦ O'Conor s Military Memoirs, p. 262. t Idem, p. 265, 273. 


valour and skill of the two great coramandeps, Eugene 
and Vendome, who headed the united armies.* The 
Brigade, thus concentrated, was called Burke's, com- 
manded as it was by Brigadier-Greneral Ulick Burke, 
and did wonderful execution at the battle on the Re- 
torto and Adda, which O'Conor describes as " the 
fiercest contest that occurred during the seventeenth 
century." A second battalion, which was raised at 
Arras for Berwick's Regiment at the latter period, was 
ordered to Spain, and in 1706 performed important 
services theref, as it did at the battle of Almanza, in 
April, 1707. Berwick himself on the latter occasion 
" led his cavalry to the charge, and utterly broke the 
mixed line of the allies, so that the fate of the day re- 
mained no longer doubtful.'* J "His presence of 
mind," adds O'Conor, " was admirable ; as cool, as 
calm as he would be at a review, he provided for 
every emergency ; wherever the line yielded, he 
brought up troops from other posts to sustain it ; he 
was every where, leading on, encouraging and exhort- 
ing the Spaniards in their own, and the French and 
Irish in the respective languages of their countries." 
Immediately after this splendid victory, which turned 
the tide of war against the allies, he was made a 
Spanish Grandee by Philip the Fiflh. In the same 
year, at the siege of Lerida, " one of the strongest 
fortresses in Europe, the Regiments of Burke, Dillon, 

* O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 299. 
t Idem, p. 318. J Idem, p. 829. 


and Berwick were distinguished ; on the 4th of 
October, their trenches were opened, Berwick's, 
Burke's, and Dillon's Regiments mounted them, the 
fortress and citadel surrendered." * In 1708, two bat- 
talions of Berwick's, widi Grafton's " Irish Dragoons," 
and Bulkeley's Irish Regiment of Foot in the service 
of Spain, formed part of the besieging army at Tortosa. 
On this occasion, " the Regiment of Berwick suffered 
severely, having mounted the trenches several nights ; 
the Lieutenant-Colonel and several officers and men 
were killed ; and, after twenty-one days' siege, the 
place surrendered upon honourable terms." f In the 
July of this year, Berwick himself, being encamped 
near Douay, received a letter from his illustrious op- 
ponent and uncle, the Duke of Marlborough, wherein 
the latter, perfectly recognizing the kindred, says, ' You 
may be sure the difference of parties will not hinder 
me from having that friendship for you that becomes 
me towards my relations.' J In the early part of 1709, 
Burke's, Dillon's, and Berwick's Regiments served in 
Spain under the Marshal de Biron ; as they did in 
1711 in Savoy, under the Marshal Duke of Berwick ; 
but, " from inferiority of forces, he was obliged to 
abandon that country, and confine himself to guard 
the passes of the Alps into Dauphiny. It is to his 
character and achievements at this period, and the war 
in which he encountered his own uncle, the Duke of 
Marlborough, that Montesquieu thus alludes, " Telle 

* O'Conor s Military Memoirs, p. 335. 

t Idem, p. 337. J Murray's Marlborough Desp., v. 4, p. 1 13. 


fiit Tetoile de cette Maison de Churchill, qu'il en sor- 
tit deux hommes, dont Tun, dans le meme temps, 
fut destine a ebranler, et Tautre a soutenir, les deux 
grandes monarchies de TEurope." 

Berwick was killed at the siege of Philpsburg in 
Baden, 12th June, 1734 ; leaving by his aforesaid 
wife, the Lady Honora de Burgh (who died in 1698, 
and was buried at Pontoise, near Paris) one son, 
James Edward Francis, who was created by Philip 
the Fifth, Duke of Liria and Gherica, and a Grandee 
of Spain of the first class ; he married Catherine, the 
daughter and heiress of Pierre Duke of Veragas orVeras 
Aquas in Spain ; in whose right he also bore that title ; 
and, being sent ambassador from Philip to his son Don 
Carlos, King of the Two Sicilies, he died at Naples in 
1738, leaving issue by her, two sons, the eldest James, 
Duke of Berwick and Liria, Grandee of Spain, and 
General in the Spanish service, (who was father of 
Charles B. Pascal Janvier Fitzjames, Marquis of 
Jamaica, baptised 1751 ;) and the second son, Duke 
Peter Fitzjames, called in Spain Don Pedro, who was 
an admiral in that service. He married the heiress of 
Castelblanco, and had issue. The old Duke of Ber- 
wick had, on the decease of his first wife, married Miss 
Buckley, one of the maids of Honor to Queen Mary 
d'Este, and by her had five children : James, who died 
without issue in the lifetime of his father ; Francis, 
who rose to eminence in the Church ; Henry, who also 
entered into holy orders ; Charles, who succeeded to 
the Dukedom of Fitzjames in France, and from whom 


the present Duke is descended ; and Maria, married 
to the Duke of Mirandola, a Spanish Grandee of the 
first class.* The English Dukedom of Berwick had 
been forfeited on the attainder, though the title was 
used bj the great Duke in his life-time, and sometimes 
by his descendants, who continued to be successively 
Colonels of his Brigade, until it was disbanded 
at the Revolution. The Spanish branch still retains 
its rank and estates. 

At the battle of Ypres, in 1745, the still Irish names 
of the killed in Berwick's Regiment are Captains 
Burke, Nangle, Anthony, Cooke, and Higgins ; while, 
in the list of the wounded, appear Captain Colclough, 
and Lieutenants Plunket, Carroll, Mac Carthy, and 

In 1792, there were in garrison at London, of 
Berwick's ci-devarU Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonels 
O'More and Mac Dermott. 

Captains: — O'Connor, Bryan OToole, Richard 
O'Toole, — O'Gormican, — Cruise, — Reed, — Egan, 
William O'Mara, Thaddeus O'Mara, John Geoghegan, 
— Hurly, — Tuite, — Swinton, — Delany, — ^Gregory, 
and Byrne. 

LietUenants : — D'Alton, — Kavanagh, — Forbes, — 
Grace, — Mulhall, — O'Kennedy, — Garrett Fitzsimons, 
— Blake, Richard O'Byrne, — D'Evereux, — Geraghty, 

* Jesse's Memoirs of the Court of England, v. 4, p. 490. 
t (rent. Mag. ad ann. p. 276. 

counties' assessment. 29 

— Doyle, — Nagle, Patt Piersse, and Gerard Piersse. 

Sub'Lieutenants : — O'Sullivan, — MacCarthy, Pat 
Jennings, Luke Allen, Andrew Elliott, Morris 
Cameron. While on the French Army List of 1792, 
the staff of this ci-devant French Eegiment numbered 
still in the French service : — 

Colonel — O'Connor. 

Lieutenant-Colonels: — Hurly and Shee. 

Captains : — Swanton, — Hussey, — MacCormick, — 
Doyle, — Koberts, — Nagle, — Delany, Martin Hart, 
Andrew Mac Donough, — Beed, — Burke, Marcus 
Laffan, and — OTlynn. 

Lieutenants : Luke Allen, — Merle, — D'Alton, — 
Burke, — Meagher, — Fleming, — Prior, — Nagle, — 
Ravel, — Houdart, — Derenzy, Eugene Chancel, and 

Sub-Lieutenant — Nestor Chancel. 

This seems the most apt place to introduce the 
genealogical evidences, that arise from a commission 
of the 10th April, 1690, which King James issued for 
applotting £20,000 per month on personal estates 
and the benefit of trade and traffic, " according to the 
ancient custom of this Kingdom used in time of dan- 
ger." Of this tax he appointed the following assessors 
in the several counties, &c. 

For the City and County of Dublin ; The Lord 
Mayor and Sheriff of the city for the time being. 
Garret Dillon, Esq. Recorder ; Simon Luttrell, Esq. 


Governor of the city ; Sir Thomas Hackett, Sir Wil- 
liam Ellis, Thomas Whitehead, Lewis Doe, and Thomas 
Browne, Esq. Their applotment on the city to be 
£5,000 for the three months. 

For the County of Dublin; The High Sheriff for 
the time being ; Simon Luttrell, Esq. Lord Lieutenant 
of the County ; Colonel Patrick Sarsfield, John Tal- 
bot of Belgard, Esq. Captain Robert Arthur, Captain 
Kobert Russell, James Hackett, Esq. Christopher 
Massy, Esq. and Ignatius Purcell, Esq. Their applot- 
ment to be £2,391 6s. 9d. for the three months. 

For the County of Kildare ; The High Sheriff j9ro 
temp. ; Sir Patrick Trant, Baronet ; Charles White, 
Esq. Colonel Charles Moore, Wm. Talbot, John Wogan, 
Francis Leigh, Esqs. the Sovereign of the Naas pro 
temp, and Edmund Fitzgerald, Esq. Their applot- 
ment, £1,643 5s. 3d. for the three months. 

For the County of Carlow ; The High Sheriff /?ro 
temp. ; Colonel Dudley Bagnall, John Bagot Junior, 
Patrick Wall, Pierce Bryan, Marcus Baggot, Hubert 
Kelly, Esqs. the Sovereign of Carlow pro temp, and 
William Coolie, Esq. Their applotment, £726 19s. 3d. 
for the three months. 

For the King's County ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Garret Moore, Esq. Colonel Francis Oxburgh, 
Terence Coghlan, John Coghlan of Tullamore, Edward 
Baggott, Owen Carroll, Henry Oxburgh, Garret 
Trant, Esqs. Their applotment to be £860 17s. 6d. 
for the three months. 

For the Queeris County; The High Sheriff />ro 

counties' assessment. 31 

temp. Sir Patrick Trant, Baronet, Sir Gregory Byrne, 
Edward Morris, Oliver Grace, Thady Fitzpatrick, 
Daniel Doran, John Weaver and John Warren, Esqs. 
Their applotment, £956 10s. 9d. for the three 

For tlie County of Longford ; The High Sheriff, 
pro temp.^ Oliver Fitzgerald, Esq., Thomas Nugent of 
Colamber, John Nugent of Killasonna, Eobert Sans, 
Francis Ferrall, Robert Farrell, and Robert Dowling, 
Esqs. Their applotment to be £573 18s. 3d. 

For the County of Meath ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp.j Sir Patrick Bamewall, Sir William Talbot, 
Baronet, Sir John Fleming, Thomas Bellew, Henry 
Draycott, John Hatch, Adam Crane, and Richard 
Barnewall, Esqs. Their applotment, £2,793 2s. for 
the three months. 

For the County of Westmeath ; The High Sheriff joro 
temp. Garret Nugent of Dysart, Edmund Malone, 
Garret Nangle, William Handcock, James Dease, 
Keadagh Geoghegan, (Jeorge Peyton, and Richard 
Fitzgerald, Esqs. Their applotment, £1,434 16s. 
for the three months. 

For the City of Kilkenny ; The Mayor, Recorder^ 
and Sheriffs pro temp.^ Walter Lawless, Henry Archer, 
Luke Dormer, James Rafter, and John Shee, Esqs. 
Their applotment, £190 17s. 6d. for the three months. 

For the County of Kilkenny ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Colonel Walter Butler, Colonel Edward 
Butler, John Grace, Marcus Shee, Harvey Morris, Esqs. 
The Sovereign of Callan j9ro temp. Edmund Blanchville, 


Esq. and the Portreef of Gowran pro temp. Their 
applotment, £1,932 4s. 3d. for the three months. 

For the County of Weaford ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Colonel Walter Butler, Patrick Colclough, 
Walter Talbot, William Howe, Patrick Lambert, 
Anthony Talbot, Matthew Forde, and Patrick White, 
Esqs. Their applotment, £1,434 16s. for the three 

For the County of Wicklow ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Francis Toole, Wm. Talbot of Fassaroe, Ph. 
Cowdell, Wm. Wolverston, William Hoey, Cromwell 
Wingfield, Escjuires, and Thomas Byrne, Burgess of 
Wicklow. Their applotment, £688 14s. 3d. for the 
three months. 

For the County of Louth ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Sir Patrick Bellew, John Cheever, Roger Gernon, 
Esqs. John Babe, Henry Townley, Patrick Dowdall, 
and Nicholas Gernon, Esquires. Their applotment, 
£994 16s. for the three months. 

For the Town of Drogheda ; The Mayor, Recorder, 
and Sheriflfe pro temp. Thomas Peppard Fitz-George, 
Christopher Peppard Fitz-Ignatius, Patrick Plunket, 
Alderman, and John Moore. Their applotment, 
£210 9s. 3d. for the three months. 

For the County of Limerick ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Sir Joseph Fitzgerald, Dominick Roche, 
John Bourk of Cahirmoyle, John Rice of Hospital, 
Edward Rice, John Baggott Senior, Henry Wray, 
Thaddeus Quinn, and George Evans, Esqs. Their ap- 
plotment, £1,932 Is. 3d. for the three months. 


For the City of Limerick ; The Mayor, Eecorder, 
and Sheriflfe pro temp. Sir James Galway, Baronet, 
John McNamara, John Eice Fitz-Edward, Robert 
Herman, and John Leonard, Esqs. Their applotment, 
£382 12s. 3d. for three months. 

For the County of Cork ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Daniel O'Donovan, Daniel O'Sullivan Bear, 
Daniel Mc Carthy Beagh, Nicholas Brown, Esq. Sir 
John Mead, Knight, Sir James Cotter, Knight, Miles 
Coursey, Charles Mc Carthy alias Mc Donogh, Edward 
Fitzgerald of Ballyverter, Dominick Sarsfield, David 
Nagle, John Galway, Martin Supple, Esqs. the Mayor, 
Recorder, and SheriflS of the City of Cork pro temp. 
Andrew Morrogh, Stephen Gold, John Longan, Ed- 
ward Gough, Esqs., the Mayor of Youghal pro temp. 
the Sovereign of Kinsale pro temp, the Sovereign of 
Mallow pro temp, the Sovereign of Charleville pro 
temp, and John Power of Kellballer, Esq. Their 
applotment, £683 lis. for tlie three months. 

For the City of Waterford ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. J the Earl of Tyrone, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Thomas Nugent, Matthew How, John Nugent, Richard 
Marsfield, Thomas Sherlock, Pierce Walsh, and Nicho- 
las Power, Esqs. Their applotment for the three 
months, £1,262 12s. 9d. 

For the County and City of Waterford ; The 
Mayor, Recorder, and Sheriffs pro temp.^ Richard 
Fitz-G^rald, Michael Porter, Michael Head, and James 
White, Esqs. Their applotment, £382 12s. 3d. for 
the three months. 


For the County of Clare ; The High Sheriff/>ro temp.^ 
Sir Donogh O'Brien, John Mc Namara of Cratelogh, 
Donogh O'Brien of Duogh, Daniel Mc Namara, John 
Mc Namara of Moyriff, James Aylmer, Florence 
Mc Namara, Samuel Boyton, John Mc Namara, Col- 
lector, and the Provost of Ennis pro temp. Their ap- 
plotment, £1,798 5s. 6d; for the three months. 

For the County of Kerry ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp.j Colonel Mc Carthy More, William Brown, 
Esq. Sir Thomas Crosby, Knight ; Stephen Eice, 
Daniel O'Donoghue, Ambrose Moore, Esqs.; the 
Sovereign of Dingle pro temp, the Provost of Tralee 
pro temp, and Andrew Elliott. Their applotment, 
£1,052 4s. 9d. for the three months 

For the County of Tipperary^ including Holycross ; 
The High SheriflF/>r(? temp.^ Colonel Nicholas Purcell, 
Major James Tobin, John Cantwell, James Kearney, 
Thaddeus Meagher, Terence Magrath, James Hackett, 
Ambrose -Mandeville, the Mayor of Cashel pro temp. 
the Mayor of Clonmel pro temp. Edmund Ryan, 
Cormick Egan, Nicholas White Fitz-Henry, Esquires, 
the Sovereign of Feathard, and Peter Dalton, Esq. 
Their applotment, £4,208 16s. for the three months. 

For the County of Donegal ; The High SheriflF 
pro temp.^ Captain Manus O'Donnell, Henry Nugent, 
John Nugent, Daniel Mc Swine, Captain Daniel 
O'Donnell, and Captain Hugh O'Donnell. Their ap- 
plotment, £1,951 7s. for the three months. 

For the County of Tyrone ; The High SheriflF jK>ro 
temp.^ the Provost of Strabane pro temp, the Provost 

counties' assessment, 35 

of Dungannon pro temp. Captain Terence Donnelly, 
Patrick Donnelly, Hugh Quinn, and John Clements, 
Esquires. Their applotment, £1,492 4s. for the three 

For the County of Fermanagh ; The High SheriflF 
pro temp.j Constantine Maguire, Edmund Oge 
Maguire, Bryan Maguire, Constantine Oge Maguire, 
Philip Maguire, and Captain Thomas Maguire. Their 
applotment, £1,013 18s. 9d. for the three months. 

For the County of Cavan ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Captain Edmund Reilly, Luke Reilly, Philip 
Reilly, Philip Oge Reilly, Francis Bourke, and Thomas 
Fleming, Esqs. Their applotment, £1090 9s 6d. for 
the three months. 

For the County of Monaghan ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Colonel Art Oge McMahon, Captain Hugh 
McMahon, Captain Bryan McMahon, Captain Farrell 
Ward, Doctor Henry Cassidy, and Alex. MacCabe. 
Their applotment, £1052 4s. for three months. 

For the County of Antrim^ including the town of Car- 
rickfergus ; The High Sheriff pro temp. Sir Neill 
O'Neill, Cormuck O'Neill, RandaD McDonnell, Thady 
O'Hara, Francis Stafford, and Rowland White, Esqs. 
Their applotment, £2257 8s. 9d. for three months. 

For the County Doum ; the High Sheriff jt?ro temp. 
Phelim Magenis, Murtagh Magenis, Rowland Savage, 
John Savage, John McArtan, and Toole O'Neill. Their 
applotment, £2011 14s. 3d. for three months. 

For the County of Armagh ; The High Sheriff jt>ro 
temp, the Sovereign of Armagh pro temp. Colonel 

D 2 


Owen O'NeiU, Turlough O'NeiU, Paul O'NeiU, Hugh 
Buy O'Neill, and Robert Martin, Esqs. Their applot- 
ment, £1052 4s. for three months. 

For the County of Londonderry and tJie City of 
Londonderry and the Town and Barony of Coleraine ; 
the Mayor and Sheriffs of Londonderry pro tenip. 
Cormuck O'Neill, Conn O'Neill, Art O'Hegan, and 
John O'Hegan, Esqs. Their applotment, £1473 Is. 
3d. for three months. 

For the County and tlie Town of Galway ; The 
Mayor, Recorder and Sheriff j^ro temp. Stephen Deane, 
Peter Kirwan, John Bodkin, James Browne, Collector ; 
John Kirwan, Thomas Revett, and George Stanton, 
Esqs. Their applotment, £325 4s. 6d. for the three 

For the County of Galway ; The High Sheriff joro 
temp. Sir Ulick Bourke, Roger O'Shaughnessy, Richard 
Bourke of Derryraghaghna, Nicholas French, Oliver 
Martin, Dermot Daly, Laughlin Daly, James Donel- 
lan, Richard Blake, and Miles Bourke of Clougheroge, 
Esqs. Their applotment, £2410 9s. 6d. for three 

For the County of Roscommon ; The High Sheriff 
pro temp. Colonel Charles Kelly, Captain Theobald 
Dillon, Bryan Fallon, Roger McDermott, Cormuck 
McDermott, and the Portreeve of Roscommon pi^o 
temp. Their applotment, £1501 15s. 3d. for three 

For the County of Sligo ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Colonel Oliver O'Gara, Henry Croflton, David 

counties' assessment. 37 

Bond, Charles O'Hara, John Crofton, James French, 
John Brett, Esqs., and the Sovereign of Sligo pro temp. 
Their applotment, £1186 2s. for three months. 

For the County of Antrim ; The High Sheriff jK>ro 
temp. Gerald Kean, Esq., Colonel Henry O'Neill, Cap- 
tain John Reynolds, Bryan Greoghegan, Thady Roddy, 
Lieutenant Jeffry O'Rourke. Their applotment, £688 
14s. 3d. for three months. 

For the County of Mayo ; The High Sheriff pro 
temp. Colonel Garret Moore, Colonel Henry Dillon, 
Colonel John Browne, Lieutenant-Colonel Walter 
Bourke, George Browne, Esq. Captain Thomas Bourke, 
Captain John Bermingham, and John Fitzgerald. 
Their applotment, £1555 14s. 3d. for the three 

With all powers and instructions for collecting same. 
Date^ 10th April, 1690 ; sixth of our reign.* 


Out of the Muster RoUs^ 2nd. June^ 1690. 

Duke of Tyrconnel, Captain-General. 

Duke of Berwick, Lieutenant-General. 

Richard Hamilton, Lieutenant-General. 

Count Lauzun, General of the French. 

Monsieur Lery alias Geraldine, Lieutenant-General. 

Dominick Sheldon, Lieutenant-General of the Horse. 

Patrick Sarsfield, Major-General. 

• Harris's MSS. vol. 10, p. 166, &c. 


Monsieur Boiseleau, Major-General. 
Anthony Hamilton, Major-General. 

' Wahup. ' 

Thomas Maxwell, Brigadier. 

John Hamilton, Brigadier. 

Will Dorrington, Brigadier. 

Solomon Slater, Muster-Master-G^neral. 

Robert Fitzgerald, Comptroller of the Mustt^rs. 

Sir Richard Nangle, [Nagle] Secretary at War. 

Sir Henry Bond, Receiver-General. 

Louis Doe, Receiver-General. 

Sir Michael Creagh, Paymaster-General. 

Felix O'Neill, Advocate-General. 

Dr. Archbold, Physician to the State. 

Patrick Archbold, Chirurgeon-General. 

This classification of the Field Officers was taken by 
Dr. King, (State of the Protestants^ App, p. 67, etc.) 
from the Muster Rolls drawn up subsequent to the 
date of this Army List. It is followed in King, by a 
similar detail of the Field Officers of each Regiment, 
and is also given in Story's History of the Campaign ; 
(Pt. ii. p. 30.) Wherever these names or commissions 
differ from what appear on the ' List,' the variance is 
noted in the work ; while it is to be observed that 
the Illustrations of Families are given respectively, at 
the mention of that representative thereof, who ranks 
highest on the Roll ; and there it is proposed to collect 
particulars of such others of the name, as are recorded 
in commission on other Regiments. The Index will 
mark the especial places of Notices. 



Regiments of Horse. 

1. Richard, Earl of Tyrconnel's. 

2. Lord Galmoy's. 

3. Colonel Patrick Sarsfield's. 

4. Lord Abercorn's. 

5. Colonel Henry Luttrell's. 

6. Colonel Hugh Sutherland's. 

7. Colonel John Parker's. 

8. Colonel Nicholas Purcell's. 







The Colonel. 

Thomas Beatagh. 

Peter Caanooe. 

Dominick Sheldon, 

Edmund BuUer. 

John Brjan. 




John Boch. 

Edmund Nangle. 

James Furlong. 

John Arthur. 

George Bamewall. 

Edmund Hamej. 


Walter Bellew. 

Edmund Keating. 

Thomas Bourke. 



James Butler. 
Robert Nugent 


Kidiolas Cnsack. 


John Talbot, 

NidiolasBamewalL Nioholaa Taaffe. 



The deficiencies, in the list of the above Quarter-masters, arise from the 
mutilation of the ori^nal manuscript. 

tyrconnel's horse. 41 


The achievements of this noble family are em- 
blazoned in the history of every civilized nation, and, 
like most of the English Aristocracy, they derive their 
origin from Normandy, claiming, as their ancestors in 
far back time, the Talbots, Barons of Clueville in the 
District of Caux. In 1066, Hugh and Richard 
Talbot are named amongst the Knights who espoused 
the cause of William the Conqueror, and as such they 
appear in Bromton's List and in the ancient 'Chronicle 
of Normandy.' The lines into which they branched 
in England are fiilly set forth in the History of the 
County of Dublin^ p. 198, etc. 

Richard and Robert Talbot, having accompanied 
Henry the Second in the invasion of Ireland, the for- 
mer had a grant of the Lordship of Malahide, in the 
County of Dublin, which has continued in his descen- 
dants to the present day. His namesake was Arch- 
bishop of Dublin in 1262. In 1311, John Talbot 
was summoned to attend the Parliament of Kilkenny ; 
and in 1315, Richard Talbot, the lineal descendant in 
the fourth degree of the first Richard, distinguished him- 
self under the Lord de Bermingham on the occasion of 
Edward Brace's invasion of this country. In 1373 and 
1375, Sir Thomas Talbot of Malahide was summoned 
to Irish Parliaments ; and in 1378, Reginald Talbot 
was Sheriff of the County of Dublin, at which time 
branches of the family were established in the 


Counties ofCarlow, Kilkenny, Louth, Meath, and 
Wexford. In 1379, Richard Talbot of Malahide was 
summoned to a great council at Baltinglas, and he 
also was afterwards Sheriff of the county of Dublin. 
In 1414, the renowned Sir John Talbot, Lord Fur- 
nival, after those exploits in France which the inspi- 
rations of Shakspere have even more immortalised, was 
constituted Viceroy of Ireland. In 1443, his brother, 
theretofore Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was appointed 
Archbishop of Dublin ; and in 1447, his son, who 
had succeeded to the title of Lord Funiival, was also 
named Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

On the attainders of 1642 appear the names of 
John Talbot of Castletown, County of Kildare, Clerk ; 
Gerard Talbot of Naas, Gilbert and Gerald Talbot of 
Carton, Matthew of Templeogue, George of Malahide, 
Clerk; John and William Talbot also of Malahide; 
Thomas of Poerston, County Dublin ; James of 
Robertstown, County Meath, clerk ; James of Athboy, 
Merchant ; and Sir Robert Talbot, styled of Castle- 
^allagh, County Wicklow, Baronet. The latter was, in 
1665, under the provision of the Act of Explanation, 
restored to his mansion seat, and 2,000 acres, if he 
were seized of so much on the 21st Oct. 1642 ; if not, 
then only to as much as he was seized of He was 
the elder brother of the Richard Talbot at present 
under consideration, who was the fifth son of William 
Talbot, a Barrister, by Alison NetterviUe (who died 
in 1633). "They," writes Lord Clarendon (who was 
TyrconneFs brother-in-law, and here alludes to the sons 

ttrconnel's horse. 43 

of said William Talbot, " were all of an Irish family, 
but of ancient English extraction, which had always 
inhabited within that circle that was called the Pale, 
which, being originally an English Plantation, was in 
so many years for the most part degenerated into the 
manners of the Irish, and rose and mingled with them 
in the late rebellion ; and of this family there were 
two distinct branches, who had competent estates, and 
lived for many descents in the rank of gentlemen of 
quality ; and these brothers were all the sons or grand- 
sons of one who was a Judge in Ireland, and esteemed a 
learned man. The eldest was Sir Robert Talbot, who 
was by much the best. The second, Peter, was a 
Jesuit, who had been very troublesome to the King 
abroad, but afterwards, on the Restoration, rose into 
Royal favour. The third, Gilbert, was called Colonel, 
for some conmiand he had against the King ; he also 
had been with the King in Flanders, and was looked 
upon as a man of courage, having fought a dvd or 
two with stout men. The fifth was * Dick ' Talbot." * 
This last individual, the future Earl of Tyroonnel, 
bom to no inheritance but his talent, obtained a com- 
mission in the ' Irish ' army after the insurrection of 
1641, and served during the ensuing Civil War, 
under the command of his own nephew. Sir Walter 
Dongan. He afterwards went to Spain with his 
troops, exiled by Cromwell, and thence to Flanders, 
following the fortune of the exiled Stuarts. He there 
distinguished himself by numerous acts of bravery, 

♦ Clarendon's Life of Himself, vol. 2, p. 362. 


and had been a volunteer in the famous naval engage- 
ment between Van Tromp and the Duke of YorL By 
his handsome figure, insinuating address and chival- 
rous loyalty, he ingratiated himself with that Prince, 
and, on the Restoration, was enabled to purchase 
large estates in Ireland. When in 1670 the Irish 
cavaliers, who had suffered in their assertion of the 
Royal cause, sought to press upon the attention of 
Charles the Second their losses and privations, 
Colonel Richard Talbot was their chosen advocate. 
Their petition, signed by Lords Westmeath, Mount- 
Garrett, Kingsland, Dongan, and Trimlcston, and a 
large body of gentlemen, on behalf of themselves and 
the Roman Catholics of Ireland, though a well merited 
appeal, was considered however an assault on vested 
interests, and in truth amounted to almost a Repeal of 
the Act of Settlement. Too powerful interests were 
awake to maintain that measure, and the lapse of 
years, the succession of families, and the transfer of 
property have established its conveyances down to the 
present day. In this his ardour to advance the claims 
of his Catholic countrymen, Talbot incurred the jea- 
lousy of the Duke of Ormonde, and actually applied 
such opprobrious language to that nobleman, that he, 
as Dr. Currie writes, " waiting on the King, inquired 
whether he should put off his doublet to fight with 
Dick Talbot." 

In the attack made by the Dutch in 1672 on the 
English fleet in Solebay, this Colonel was taken 
prisoner. In six years after, he was seized in the gal- 

tyrconnel's horse. 45 

lery of the Castle of Dublin, and committed to close 
confinement ; his brother, the before mentioned Peter 
Talbot, then the Eoman Catholic Archbishop of 
Dublin, being at that time also imprisoned there, 
under the suspicion of the ' Popish Plot.' The Colonel 
however eflFected his own escape to France, and while 
there in 1679, after long previous courtship, he ob- 
tained the hand of the beautiful widow of George 
Count Hamilton. This her first husband was son of 
the fourth Earl of Abercom, and Colonel of a French 
Regiment in France, where he was killed in 1676 ; 
leaving issue by his young widow three daughters, 
Elizabeth, afterwards married to Laurence Viscount 
Ross ; Frances, to Henry Viscount Dillon ; and Mary, 
to Nicholas Viscount Kingsland. At the Viceregal 
Court these ladies were distinguished as the three Vis- 
countesses, and were buried together in St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, as was their mother many years after. Her 
maiden name was Frances Jennings, the eldest daughter 
of Richard Jennings of Sandridge in Herefonlshire, 
and sister of the celebrated Duchess of Marlborough. 
In 1684, Tyrconnel returned from his exile, and 
King James, on his accession to the throne, promoted 
him to the rank of Lieutenant-General, as " a man of 
great abilities and clear courage, and one, who for many 
years had a true attachment to His Majesty's person 
and interest." He also raised him by patent of 1685 
to the Peerage of Ireland, with the titles of Baron of 
Talbotstown, Viscount Baltinglas and Earl of Tyrcon- 


nel,* to hold to him and his heirs male, and for want 
of such issue to his nephew Sir William Talbot of 
Cartown, Baronet, and his heirs male ; and, in case 
of failure there, to another of his nephews, William 
Talbot of Haggardstown. The preamble to this pa- 
tent also lauds the Colonel for ^^ his immaculate alle- 
giance, and his infinitely great services performed to 
the King, and to King Charles the Second, in 
England, Ireland, and foreign parts, both by sea and 
land, in which he suffered frequent imprisonments and 
many great wounds." Then it was that, being jealous 
of the support, which the Duke of Monmouth's 
rebellion had received from his English subjects of the 
Protestant faith, and fearing the sympathies of those 
of Ireland in that cause, James at once determined on 
disarming them ; the more especially as the army of 
Ireland at that time consisted, in a very large propor- 
tion, of men of the ' new interest,' as those of Cromwell's 
introduction were termed ; and he gave ample powers 
to this new peer to regulate the existing troops, and place 
and displace whom he pleased ; at the same time 
appointing his brother-in-law, the Earl of Clarendon, 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. " Talbot," admits Har- 
ris, the historian of King William, " proceeded in new 
modelling the army, and began with the ofl&cers in 
the same method, that was designed immediately 

• This title had been originallj in the iUustrious Irish Sept of 
O'Donnell, and was subsequently enjoyed by Owen Fitz- William, 
by a creation of 1663, to him and his heirs, which became 
extinct by his death in 1669.— S. P. 

tyrconnbl's horse. 47 

before the death of King Charles ; which was, to dis- 
place all officers that had been in the Parliamentary 
or in Oliver's army, and the sons of such. The Duke 
of Ormonde had directions to proceed in this manner, 
yet he made no progress in it, under pretence of gain- 
ing time to find them out, but in reality because he 
saw it was to make room for papists."* 

A similar new modelling took place in the Corpo- 
rations, when various Catholics of this name were 
introduced into the new charters. James Talbot was 
a burgess in that to Athenry ; James and William 
Talbot in that to Roscommon ; William Talbot in that 
to Athy ; Major William Talbot in one to Banagher. 
Walter, Anthony, William, Patrick, John, and Charles 
Talbot were burgesses in another to Enniscorthy ; 
Richard Talbot in that to Swords ; while in the char- 
ter to Wexford, Walter, Anthony, and William 
Talbot were appointed aldermen, and Patrick Talbot 
town-clerk of the borough. 

TyrconneFs annual salary at this time as Lieu- 
tenant-General of the Army, was £1,410 ; that of the 
Earl of Clarendon, as Viceroy, £6,593 6s. 8d. On 
the same establishment of 1687-^, Sir William 
Talbot, Baronet, ranks a pensioner for £500, and 
Mr. William Talbot for other £50. 

The influence, which Lord Clarendon might be sup- 
posed at this period to have over his brother, could not 
restrain those indiscretions of his that ultimately alien- 

• Harris's WilUam III^ p. 106-7. 

48 KING James's irish army list. 

ated the kingdom from James. At the close of 1686, 
he was obliged to resign the Viceroyalty, and Tyrcon- 
nel was deputed in his place. In August, 1687, the 
latter waited on King James, as before mentioned,^ at 
Chester ; and in the November of the next year, when 
the Prince of Orange made his descent upon England, 
Tyrconnel, who was especially intrusted to support the 
cause of James in Ireland, promptly l)ut unsuccessfully 
sought to secure Derry, from which he had previously 
drawn off the garrison. In a fortnight after, King 
James made his will at Whitehall, and therein named 
this Earl one of those to whom he confided the conduct 
of his wishes and objects. On the following 14th of 
March, when James, having eluded the vigilance of 
Admiral Herbert, who was ordered to intercept him,f 
after landing at Kinsale proceeded to Cork, Tyrconnel 
waited upon him there, and gave liim an account of 
the state and condition of this kingdom ; represent- 
ing that the diligence of the Catholic Nobility and 
Gentry had raised above fifty regiments of Foot and 
several troops of Horse and Dragoons," (defining thus, 
as accurately as possible, the contents of the present 
Army List); "that he had distributed amongst them 
about 20,000 arms, but they were most so old and 
unserviceable, that not above 1,000 of the fire- 
arms were foimd afterwards to be of any use ; that 
the old troops, consisting of one battalion of Guards, 
together with Macarty's, Clancarty's, and Newton's 

♦ Ante, p. 13. 

t Lansdowne MSS. Brit. Museum, No. 849, f. 79. 

tybconnel's horse. 49 

[Newcomen's] Regiments, were pretty well armed, 
as also seven companies of Mountjoy's, which were 
with them ; the other six having staid in Derry with 
Colonel Lundy and Gust. Hamilton, who were respec- 
tively the Lieutenant-Colonel and Major of that 
Regiment ; that he had three Re^ments of Horse, 
.Tyrconners (his own), Russell's, and one of Dragoons ; 
that the Catholics of the country had no arms, where- 
as the Protestants had great plenty, and the best 
horses in the Kingdom ; that for artillery he had but 
eight small pieces in a condition to march, the rest 
not mounted ; no stores in the magazines, little 
powder and ball, all the oflScers gone for England, 
and no money in cash.*** 

In this the EarVs own Regiment, John Talbot of 
Belgard (of whom hereafter) was a Captain, while in 
Lord Dongan's Dragoons, Henry, William and John 
Talbot were Lieutenants ; George Talbot was a Major 
in the King's Own Infantry, as was John Talbot 
in Colonel John Hamilton's Foot, and Gawan 
Talbot in the Earl of Westmeath's. In the Earl of 
Clanricarde's, John Talbot was a Captain, and Luke 
Talbot a Lieutenant. In Colonel Henry Dillon's, 
Gilbert Talbot was a Lieutenant, and Mark Talbot, 
(whom the Montgomery MSS. describe as ^ Tyrconnel's 

* darkens Life of James the II. vol. 2. It appears that King 
Jaroes was entertained on this occasion at Cross-Green House in 
Cork; one of his pages was William Owgan, who in 1721 was 
Sheriff of that City ; in 1742, its Mayor ; and died in 1776, at 
the advanced age of 95. — Hibernian MagazineSj ad ann. 


50 KING James's irish army list. 

bastard') was Lieutenant-Colouel in the Earl of An- 

On the 24th March, the last day of the year, 
(1688), James entered Dublin, the only Capital which 
seemed yet willing to hail liim as a King. On this 
occasion Tyrconnel, bearing the sword of state in a 
carriage, preceded the King, who followed amidst the 
plaudits of the multitude, gallantly mounted and ac- 
companied by the Earl of Granard and Lonl Powis on 
his right, and the Duke of Benvick and Lord Melfort 
at his left.* A short time after, he proceeded to 
Deny, "though the season was very bitter," writes 
Colonel 0'Kelly,f " in order to preserve his Protestant 
subjects there from the ill-treatment which he ap- 
prehended they might receive from the Irisli ; but he 
was surprised, when on appearing before the City, 
instead of receiving their submission," he was assailed 
with avowed hostility. Returning to Dublin, he on 
the 24th of April summoned his Parliament for May ; 
on the first of which month, anxiously looking back 
to Deny, he wrote to Lieutenant-General Hamilton, 
then encamped before that City, " you shall have all 
I can send you, cannon and mortars, to enable you 
to reduce that rebellious town ; and to make the more 
noise, Tyrconnel is preparing to go down to you, it 
being, as you well ol)serve, of the last consequence to 
ma^ster it."J 

At and previous to this Parliament, and for the 

* Dub. Lit. Gazette, p. 174. 
t Excidium AlacaruB, p. 33. 
} MSS. T.C.D., E 2, 19. 


whole time while he was in Dublin, King James held 
his court in the Castle, and thence issued his procla- 
mations. At that memorable Parliament the Earl of 
Tyrconnel sat as a peer, while in the Commons Mark 
Talbot was one of the representatives of Belfast ; John 
Talbot (of Belgard) one for Newcastle ; James Talbot 
of Mount-TaJbot one for Athenry ; William Talbot 
for the County of Louth ; Sir William Talbot, Baronet, 
one for the County of Meath, and another William 
Talbot was one of the members for the Borough of 
Wexford. This last was of the Ballynamoney (now 
Castle Talbot) line, son of Walter Talbot who had 
been High Sheriff of the County of Wexford in 1649.* 
He was killed at I)erry in King James's service.f 
One of his sons, Gabriel, became a priest and superior 
of a college at Oporto ; and another, James, entered 
the Spanish service.J 

Early in this session of the Parliament of Dublin, 
a fortnight before which (11th April) King William 
was crowned, Sir William Talbot came up with a 
message fix)m the Commons, imparting " their earnest 
wish, that the Bill repealing the Act of Settlement 
should be passed by the Lords with all the expedition 
they could, because the heart and courage of the 
whole nation were bound up in it." 

Tyrconnel's patent for a Dukedom bears date the 

• MS. in Berm. Tower. 

t Graham's Hist. Deny, pp. 185, 192. See some curious 
particulars connected with him, in Walker's Derry, p. 31. 
J Burke's Landed Gentry. 

E 2 

52 KING James's irish army list. 

11th July following, and in August the Duke of 
Schomberg landed at Carrickfergus. The former Duke 
was one of those, who would have held back King James 
from a hasty resolution of marching northwards at once, 
to confront his enemy ; but illness, which confined 
him at Chapelizod, prevented him from attending his 
Majesty. In September, however, he joined his King 
at Drogheda, declaring he would have 20,000 men 
there by the next night, a promise which he fulfilled, 
drawing his supplies chiefly from Munster. On this 
occasion it was that he thought it advisable to oppose 
those, who would have transferred the scene of war to 
Connaught, urging that " there was not com enough 
in that Province to subsist the army for two months.* 
On the memorable " July the First," when King James 
came to the ground, " he found Tyrconnel with the 
right wing of Horse and Dragoons drawn up before 
Old Bridge ;f and on that day, fatal for the Stuart 
Dynasty, his and Colonel Parker's Horse suffered most. 
The former maintained the assault of King William's 
most powerful regiment, the Dutch Blue Guards, at 
the ford of Old Bridge, " the houses, breastworks, and 
hedges around which they lined." " Had the French 
been posted there," writes Story, (part 1, p. 80) "it 
would be more to our enemy's advantage, but the reason 
of this was that the Irish Guard would not lose the 
post of honour." Nor did they yield until after repeated 
charges, " driving the Dutch Guards and Schomberg's 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 378. t Wem, p. 396. 


Regiment back into the river, with a loss of a great 
part of their oflScers."* Of Tyrconnel's Regiment, 
Nugent (Robert) and Casanone (Peter) were wound- 
ed, Major Meara (Francis) and Sir Charles " Take** (?) 
killed.f Yet did not Tyrconnel leave the field, 
until the King in his retreat had passed the defile of 
Duleek, when, joining Lausun, he followed the Royal 


" Tyrconnel," insinuates O'Connor, in his * Military 
Memoirs^ (p. 109) "was brave in danger, pusillani- 
mous in disaster. In the rout of the Boyne, he viewed 
the cause of James as hopeless, that of William as 
triumphant. He had estates and dignities to preserve, 
and only in accommodation could he see security 
for them. If James remained, the contest would be 
prolonged beyond the hope of accommodation. He 
therefore sent his chaplain to him, to press his flight 
to France, and to work on his fears of falling into the 
hands of William." Colonel O'Kelly (Excid. Mac. p. 
57) is yet more openly severe against Tyrconnel, 
accusing him of " domineering and disregard of the 
Irish f — " designing not to oppose King William f — 
and that he actually " sent his wife, with all his own 
wealth and the King's treasure, into France." When 
the King left Dublin a fugitive, he avowedly gave 
expectation that he but sought France to obtain 
thence such aid as would establish his power in Ireland, 

♦ O'Conor s Military Mem. p. 107. 
t Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 400. 
t OTtellj's Excid. Mac, p. 35. 


and he committed tlie conduct of his cause in the 
meantime to Tyrconnel. 

In forty days after the battle of the Boyne, King 
William appeared before Limerick ; at which time 
Colonel O'Kelly, with the suspiciousness that too fre- 
quently is the sole response to Irish patriotism, charges 
Tyrconnel with favouring a surrender of the city to, 
and a treaty with, tliat King ; an object which he 
relies would have been accomplished, but for the 
coming in of Sarsfield, and the enthusiam the pre- 
sence of that darling of the army excited. Even King 
William was shaken by the results of his popularity, 
abandoned the siege, and returned to England ; where- 
upon Tyrconnel repaired to France to urge the 
promised supplies.* His departure from Ireland at 
such a crisis was undoubtedly reprehensible, and 
especially injurious to himself " No sooner was his 
back turned," observe the Royal Memoirs,! "than the 
discontented part of the Army despatched the Bishop 
of Cork, Colonels Simon and Henry Luttrell, and 
Colonel Nicholas Purcell to St. Germains, with in- 
structions to solicit his recall, addressing themselves to 
his Majesty to this effect, — that my Lord Tyrconnel 
was not qualified for such a superintendence as he had 
hitherto exercised ; that his age and infirmities made 
him require more sleep than was consistent with much 
business ; that his want of experience in military 
affairs rendered him exceeding slow in his resolves. 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 420. 
t Idem, vol. 2, p. 422, &c. 

tyrconnel's morse. 55 

and incapable of laying projects which no depending 

officer would do for him ; they relied that, should 

he return with the same authority again, it would 
dishearten the body of the nation. They complained 
of the desponding message he sent to the King after 
the battle of the Boyne, which occasioned his Majesty's 
leaving the Kingdom, whereas, had he but stayed a 
few hours longer in Dublin, he had seen such a 
number of fine troops as would have tempted him not 
to abandon them ; concluding with several per- 
sonal reflections, particularly against the Duke of 
Tyrconnel, and indeed against all that had any tie to 
his interest." 

Notwithstanding these calumnious representations, 
Tyrconnel, in January, 1690, near the close of that 
year (old style), returned still Viceroy of his country, 
while the promised supplies, to a nation disunited and 
hopeless, were in unconfiding doubt parsimoniously 
dispensed. " The King resolved to support his own 
authority in Lord Tyrconnel, and hoped to send back 
the army-ambassadors in such a temper as would 
make them live easily with him, which cost the King 
a great deal of trouble and pains, and was lost labour 
in the end. But it was the King^s hard fate not only 
to suflfer by his rebellious subjects, but to be ill-served 
by his allies, and tormented by divisions amongst 
his own people ; as if his enemies gave him not dis- 
quiet enough, but that his friends must also come in 
to their aid, to exercise his patience and aggravate his 


sufferings by turns."* The French offerings to the 
cause, as they came with Tyrconnel, consisted of a 
scanty supply of provisions, clothes, anus, and am- 
munition (by design, as Colonel O'Kelly would insinu- 
ate). Story sjx^aks of the contributions (part 2, p. 
51-2) as "some soldiers' coats and caps, but such 
sorry ones, that the Irish themselves could easily 
see in what esteem the Monarch of France held them." 
TyrconneFs first act of administration, on his return, 
was to order the Duke of Berwick, whose conduct 
had much disappointed him, out of Ireland.! The 
privations of the Irish Army the while increased, so 
much so that they had it communicated to their King 
" over the water," that in case the expected fleet did 
not come promptly from France, there would need no 
enemy to destroy them. The Duke of Tyrconnel had, 
however, been making all the preparations he could in 
the interim, and had distributed the small resources he 
possessed, as long as they lasted, with as much impar- 
tiality as possible ; at last, upon the 8th of May, 1691, 
the French fleet appeared in the Shannon, and in 
it was " St. Ruth, with other French oflScers, as also 
those gentlemen who had been in France to solicit the 
Duke's removal ; which, though the King had not 
yielded to, he however had so far given way to their 
advice, as to abridge his power in reference to the 
military affairs, the direction of which was vested so 
wholly in St. Ruth, that Tyrconnel, who before could 

♦ Clarke 8 James II. vol. 2, p. 422. 
t Idem, vol. 2, p. 435. 


have made a LieutenantrGenenl, Ind not mm power 
to make a CoIoneL [thus accountiiig for scoie erf* the 
changes which were subseqnentlj made in die Armr 
List J. This so lowered his credit in die amiT. that 
little regard was had to his anthmtr ; but he pru- 
dently submitted, and left the whde management of 
it to St. Ruth, ^ who seemin^j carried fSur, hot in the 
bottom was prepossessed against him.*^ TrrconneL 
when he found that the French commander brrjogfat 
no money, earnestly ap[died to King James to procure 
for the Irish government eren a thousand pistoles, 
and retrenched even the necessary expenoes erf hb 
own family and establishment ; but the request could 
not be granted. The deserted Irish were left utteriy 
to their own resources and exerdons, and this at a 
crisis when individual views were so differing and 
distracted. ^^ The King," plead the Royal MemfAn, 
^^ was forced to work with such tools as he had, or 
such as were put into his hands by others, which 
required as much dexterity to hinder their hurting 
one another, and by consequence himseH^ as Ui draw 
any use fix)m such ill-suited and jarring instruments/ 
In the last stmg^e for the defence r/ Lime- 
rick, Tyrconnel evinced -his honour and allegiance, 
^^ Though bent with age, and wei^ied down with cor- 
pulency, he assumed no inconsiderable degnse of 
activity in repairing the fortifications of that t/iwn, 
establishing magazines, and enforcing discipline ; and 
made the officers and soldiers (first showing thr^ 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 450. 


example himself) take an oath of fidelity to James, 
embracing a resolution to defend his Majesty's rights 
to the last, and never to surrender without his con- 
sent. He at the same time despatched an express to 
St. Germains, [such communications were then of 
difficult transmission], begging speedy succour or 
leave to make terms. He was powerfully aided by 
Sarsfield [to whom he had brought a patent creating 
him Earl of Lucan], whose intentions (says O'Conor) 
were always right and zealous for the king's service ; 
but their effi)rts were unhappily counteracted by 
treachery and discord, on which the English general 
relied more than on the number and valour of his 
own troops.''* 

While this veteran patriot was " struggling with 
the calamitous circumstances of his country, he was 
seized with a fit of apoplexy on St. Laurence's day, 
soon after he had done his devotion ; and, though he 
came to his senses and speech again, yet he only Ian- 
guished two or three days, and then died, just when 
he was on the point of effecting a unity at least 
amongst themselves, the want of which was the 
greatest evil they laboured under.'f He died in the 
middle of August, about a month before De Ginkell 
commenced the siege, and was buried in St. Mun- 
chins Cathedral within the city. There is not a 
stone to tell where he lies. Harris says, in his Life 
of King William, that this great Irishman died " some 

♦ O'Conor 8 Military Memoirs, &c. p. 162-3. 
t Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 462. 

tyrconnel's horse. 59 

say of poison, administered to him in a cup of ratafia, 
because he would not comply with the prevailing fac- 
tion then in the town ; while others attributed his 
death to fever, and some to grief for the ruin of his 
measures." " He was a man," writes Colonel (yKelly, 
"of stately presence, bold and resolute, of greater 
courage than conduct, naturally proud and passion- 
ate, of moderate parts but of unbounded ambition. 
In his private friendships he was observed to be 
inconstant (and some did not shame to accuse him of 
it), even to them by whose assistance he gained his 
point, when he once obtained his own ends." He 
" headed the peace party," says O'Conor, " supported 
by the Hamiltons, Talbots, Nugents, Burkes, Rices, 
Butlers, Sheldons, all of English descent, who pre- 
ferred William as king of Great Britain and Ireland 
to James as king of Ireland only ; and, in despair 
of reinstating the latter in his ancestral throne, 
sought to preserve their own possessions by accommo- 
dation."* Again says O'Conor, " the English praised 
Tyrconnel as a lover of peace, yet confiscated all his 
estates ; which, if he had lived a month longer, would 
have been preserved by the Treaty of Limerick, "f 

Sir Bernard Burke in his Extinct Peerage (page 
698) expressively writes in relation to Tyrconnel ; 
"Of him much ill has been written, and more 
believed ; but his history, like that of his unfortunate 
country, has been written by the pen of party, 
steeped in gall, and copied servilely from the pages 

* O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 114. t Idem, p. 167. 

60 KING James's irisii army list. 

of prejudice by the lame historian* of modem times, 
more anxious for authority than authenticity. Two 
qualities he possessed in an eminent degree, wit and 
valour ; and, if to gifts so brilliant and so Irish he joined 
devotion to his country and fidelity to the unfortunate 
and fated family, with whose exile he began life 
and on whose ruin he finished it, it cannot be denied 
that in his character the elements of evil were mixed 
with great and striking good. Under happier cir- 
cumstances the good might have predominated, and 
he, whose deeds are held by his own family in such 
high estimate, might have shed a wider lustre on his 
race." All these views of Tyrconnel's character may 
be closed with the emphatic words which Mason, in 
his excellent History of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
breathes over his grave, " Whatever were his faults, 
he had the rare merit of sincere attachment to an 
unfortunate master." 

He died without issue male, when William Talbot 
of Haggardstown, his nephew, to whom the earldom 
was limited in remainder by the creation patent of 
1685, assumed that title ; but, having been attainted 
by the description of William Talbot of Dundalk, he, 
too, pined in poverty at St. Germains. His son 
attained the rank of a Lieutenant-General in the 
armies of France, but died without issue, and in him 
the earldom in this name became extinct.* Tyrcon- 

* It was afterwards revived in the Herefordshire family of 
Carpenter, by a creation of 1761 ; while Sir John Brown low, 
Baron of Charleville, was previously (1718) created Viscount 

tyrconnel's horse. 61 

nel himself left issue two daughters, who married 
foreign noblemen. He had also two sisters, Frances, 
married first to James Cusack of Cushinstown, bar- 
rister, by whom she had three sons ; Captain Thomas 
Cusack, killed in France ; Captain William, killed in 
Portugal ; and Nicholas Cusack, the captain in this 
his uncle's regiment ; with one daughter, Helen Cu- 
sack, married to Robert Arthur of Hacketstown, 
County of Dublin, Lieutenant of Horse. On the 
death of Cusack, this lady married to her second hus- 
band the Honorable Thomas Newcomen, Privy Coun- 
cillor, Brigadier of his Majesty's forces, and Colonel 
of a Foot Regiment in Ireland, and by him she had 
also issue five daughters : 1st, Katherine, married to 
Simon Luttrell, Lieutenant-colonel of the Regiment 
of Foot commanded by Sir Thomas Newcomen ; 2nd, 
Alice, married to Major William Nugent, son of the 
Earl of Westmeath ; 3rd, Frances, married to Sir Ro- 
bert Gore, Bjiight, Captain of a Foot Company, eldest 
son of Sir Francis Gore, Knight ; 4th, Margaret, the 
wife of Sir Maurice Eustace of Castlemartin, Baronet, 
Captain in the Infantry ; and 5th, Mary, the wife of 
Charles White of Leixlip, one of the Privy Council. 
Frances, Lady Newcomen, died 17th February, 1687, 
and was buried at Clonsillagh, near Luttrellstown. 
[Funeral Entries in Berm. TurJ] Tyrconnel's second 
sister, Lucinda, married Edward Cusack of Lismullen, 
by whom she had a son, Patrick Cusack, a Dominican 
friar, who became Bishop of Meath, and was King 
James's High Almoner and Grand Chaplain, while he 
remained in this country. 


It may here be noticed that, on the 14th of 
December, 1691, Greorge Talbot, described as of the 
City of Dublin, who had been previously outlawed, 
obtained a warrant for a nolle prosequi on his indict- 
ment, grounded on his petition, which stated him an 
Englishman and a Protestant ; that he was in 1681 
made Captain of a Company of Foot in Ireland by 
the Duke of Ormonde, and so continued until the 
2nd July, 1690, when he was the first who, after the 
battle of the Boyne, surrendered himself in Dublin, 
and gave up at the Castle there, his own and other 
fire-arms ; that he had given protection to Protes- 
tants during the reign of James ; that, since his sur- 
render, he had behaved himself peaceably and loyally, 
and had taken the oath of fidelity before the Com- 
missioners ; the truth of all which allegations the 
Attorney-General certified. About the same time, 
Richard Talbot of Malahide memorialed for a pardon 
and restitution of his estates, he having been also 
outlawed. His petition alleged that, while he admit- 
ted he had held the office of Auditor-General to King 
James, he had filled no other office or trust, civil or 
military, in his time; and relied that when King 
William, after the battle of the Boyne, was advan- 
cing on Dublin, he had surrendered himself in the 
camp at Finglas, on the 9th July, 1690, and had 
ever since behaved himself " civilly and inoffensively 
towards that monarch's government ;" the truth and 
sufficiency of which purgation the Solicitor-General 
also certified, and the prayer was granted. 

tyrconnel's horse. 63 

The widow of Tyrconnel and her daughters lived for 
some time in the Court at St. Germains, with the Ex- 
King, supported by a small pension which Louis XIV. 
allowed them ; but having established her right to a 
portion of jointure in 1703, as hereafter noticed, 
and her daughters being married on the Continent, 
she resolved on going over to Ireland. The state of 
her health, however, induced her first to try the eflB- 
cacy of the baths at Aix-larChapelle, and in Murray's 
Despatches of the Duke of Marlborough^ is preserved 
one of his Grace, from the Camp at Tirlemont, to the 
authorities of that town, written with the object of 
procuring attention and welcome for the Duchess, 
then journeying thither. He also wrote to herself, 
5th September, 1705 : — 

" The first notice I received of your intention to 
go to Aix, I immediately despatched a trumpet to the 
French army, who brought me this morning the en- 
closed pass. I have likewise ordered eight dragoons to 
attend on you on your coming to the Bosch. These 
will wait on you to Maestricht, where the Governor 
will give you another escort on to Aix. I heartily 
wish you a good journey, and all the success you can 
desire with the waters. If I should not be able to 
have the satisfaction of seeing you at the waters, I hope 
to have that of meeting you in Holland, before I em- 
bark ; being with much truth. 

Tour Grace's most obedient humble servant, 



In 1708, she was in Brussels, and only then, it 
would seem, on the eve of departure. On the 24th of 
May in that year, Marlborough wrote to his own 
Duchess : — " When I took leave of Lady Tyrconnel, 
she told me that her jointure in Ireland was in such 
disorder, that there was an absolute necessity for her 
going thither for two or three months, for the better 
settling of it. As the climate of Ireland will not per- 
mit her being there in the winter, she should begin 
her journey about ten days hence ; she said that she 
did not intend to go to London, but hoped she might 
have the pleasure of seeing you at St. Alban's. I 
have offered her all that might be in my power to make 
her journey to Holland and England easy, as also 
that if she cared to stay at St. Alban's, either at her 
going or return, you woidd offer it her with a good 
heart. You will find her face a good deal changed, 
but, in the discourse I have had with her, she seems to 
be very reasonable and kind.*^ On her return to 
Dublin, she fixed her residence at Arbour Hill, a 
healthy and picturesque situation near the Phoenix 
Park ; and there, after founding a Nunnery for poor 
Clares in the adjacent locality of King-street, this 
lady, who once adorned Courts and passed through 
the libertine manners of Charles the Second's days un- 
blemished, closed her life in March, 1730-1, at the 
advanced age of 92. " Her death," says Walpole, 
" was occasioned by her falling out of bed on the floor 

* Jesse's Memoirs of the Court of England, vol. 4, p. 156. 

tyrcoxnel's horse. 65 

in a winter's night, and being too feeble to rise or to 
call, she was found in the morning so perished with 
cold, that she died in a few hours." She is described 
as then appearing low in stature, and extremely ema- 
ciated ; without the slightest trace of ever having 
been a beauty. She was buried, with her daughters 
by George Count Hamilton, the ' three Viscountesses' 
before mentioned, ante page 45, in a vault of St. 
Patrick's Cathedral ; while a mural slab, in St. 
Andrew's Scotch College at Paris, is her commemora- 
tion in a land where she had passed many of her days 
of joy and sorrow. It records her as having been a 
great benefactress to that establishment, and as 
having provided an endowment for the celebration of 
a daily mass for ever there, for the repose of her soul, 
and those of her two husbands. 

The Talbots outlawed in 1691 were Richard Earl of 
Tyrconnel, so attainted by seven inquisitions, and 
by one other as Richard, son of William Talbot, 
called Lord Tyrconnel ; Richard Talbot of Boolis, 
County Meath ; Richard Talbot of Malahide, County 
Dublin ; John Talbot of Dardistown, County Meath, 
John Talbot of Belgard, County Dublin ; John, 
Patrick, and Anthony Talbot of Wexford ; Wil- 
liam Talbot of Kilcarty, County Meath, Baronet ; 
other William Talbots described as of Wexford, of 
Wicklow, of Fassaroe, County Wicklow, of Haggards- 
town and of Dundalk, County Louth, and of Straffan, 
County Kildare. James Talbot of Templeogue, 
County Dublin ; James Talbot of Mount Talbot, 

66 KING James's ibish army list. 

County Roscommon; Brine, or Bruno Talbot of 
Dublin, (who was James's Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer,* but he early made his submission to King Wil- 
liam). Francis Talbot of Powerscourt, County 
Wicklow ; Marcus Talbot of Dublin and of the 
County Derry. (This last was, as before mentioned, 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Earl of Antrim's Infentry, 
member of Parliament for Belfast in 1689, and sig- 
nalised himself by a gallant sally on the occasion of the 
first siege of Limerick, but was taken prisoner at Augh- 
rim). Chariotte Talbot, a daughter of Tyrconnel, was 
also attainted, as was Frances his widow. The latter, 
however, preferred her suit, at the Court of Chichester 
House, Dublin, in 1700, for her jointure oflf the lands 
of Cabragh, County Dublin, forfeited by her late 
husband, and the claim was allowed. Lucy Talbot 
sought and was allowed, as Administratrix of William 
Talbot, the benefit of a leasehold of County Roscom- 
mon lands. — Jane Talbot claimed and was allowed an 
annuity, left by the will of Colonel Gilbert Talbot in 
1674, and charged on houses in Limerick forfeited 
by Sir William Talbot. — Mary Talbot, a minor, 
sought, by her guardian, James Donnellan, and was 
allowed, a large charge on houses in Dublin, forfeited 
by James Talbot. — Helen and Margaret Talbot^ 
daughters of George Talbot, deceased, also minors, by 
Patrick Talbot, their guardian, claimed the reversion 
of an estate tail in County of Roscommon lands, for- 

• Story's Impartial History, part 1, p. 65. 

tybconnel's horse. 67 

feited by Greorge Talbot, such reversion accruing, 
if their brother James Talbot should die without issue ; 
and their claim was allowed, subject to that contin- 
gency ; while said James himself claimed and was al- 
lowed that estate tail, and Sarah Talbot was allowed 
a jointure off said lands. — Lastly, Henry Talbot, a 
minor, by George Holmes, his guardian, claimed a 
remainder in Templeogue, and other lands in the 
Counties of Dublin and Kildare, forfeited by James 
Talbot ; but his claim was dismist.* 

In the cause of Prince Charles-Edward and his in- 
vasion of 1745, a Captain James Talbot and Major 
Talbot were engaged at Prestonpans, and Brigadier 
General 'de Tyrconnel' was taken prisoner by the 
English at sea in 1746.t 


The Sheldons are an existing family of respecta- 
bility at Brailes-House in the County of Warwick, 
having been theretofore established at Beoly in that 
of Worcester. Ralph Sheldon of Beoly accompanied 
Charles the Second in his flight to Boscobel, aiding 
his concealment in the Oak, to the foot of which he 
and three others attended their Royal master ;X ^^^ ^^ 

* Registries of Claims in Custom House Records. 

t Gent. Mag., ▼. 14, p. 416 ; and v. 16, pp. 29, 145, 208 

t Burke's Landed Gentry, f. 1226. 

F 2 


this line, it would seem most probable, was Lieutenant 
Colonel Dominick. It is true that a Lieutenant Wil- 
liam Sheldon passed patent in 1666 as a ' soldier ' for 
858 acres plantation measure in the County Tipper- 
ary, but it cannot be presumed that an immediate re- 
lative of his would be an adherent of James. The sur- 
name was even previously known in Ireland in the 
County Limerick, where a Miss Sheldon of that place 
intermarried in the seventeenth century with Mr. 
Leonard Drew, of a Devonshire family, a branch of 
which is yet represented in Youghal.* 

The Peerage Books afford strong confirmation of 
this oflScer having been of the Brailes-House line, 
when they record that Arthur Dillon of the noble line 
of Costello at the close of the seventeenth century 
married Christiana, the daughter of Ralph Sheldon^ 
whom Lodge describes as ' niece of the Colonel,' while 
O'Callaghan {Brigades^ p. 100) says she was maid of 
Honor to the Queen of James the Second. Inquiries 
on the lineage have been directed to Brailes-House, 
Viscount Dillon, and others, in vain. It does, however, 
seem almost certain that the Colonel was brother to 
the Ralph Sheldon, whom Sir Bernard Burke in his 
'Landed Gentry,' (f. 1226) describes as "of Steeple 
Barton, afterwards of Weston and Beoly," and as 
having " died in 1720." In Clarke's Life of James 
II. (vol. ii. p. 252) this Ralph Sheldon is said to 
have aided that monarch's escape from Whitehall to 

• Burke s Landed Gentry, f. 106. 

tyrconnel's horse. 69 

This Dominick Sheldon, who had been a Captain to 
the Duke of Ormonde, (see post^ at ' Col. Francis Car- 
rol,') is on the establishment of 1687-8* set down for 
a pension of £200 per annum. Colonel O'Kelly repre- 
sents him as having been " an Englishman by birth, 
of the Roman Catholic religion, brought into Ireland 
on the accession of James the Second, by Tyrconnel, 
and by him made Captain of a company of men at 
arms. He afterwards promoted him to be his Lieu- 
tenant, with the command of his Regiment in his 
absence ; and, by his uncontrollable power with James, 
he (Tyrconnel) procured for this favourite a commis- 
sion to be one of the General Officers, though still a 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and got his commission dated 
before that of Sarsfield, whom he designed to sup- 
press."f Early in this campaign, " the Irish army, 
under Major Greneral Richard Hamilton and ' Major ' 
Dominick Sheldon, having taken the fort of Hillsbo- 
rough and plundered Lisbum, Belfast and Antrim, laid 
siege to Coleraine ; but there they met with such a 
warm reception from Major Gustavus Hamilton, who 
commanded in the town, and spared no charge or 
pains to make it tenable, that they were forced to 

♦ In the MSS. of Trinity College, Dublin, is (E 1. 1) the ** List 
of Payments made for civil and military affairs, with pensions in 
Ireland for one year, beginning 1st January, 1687." It appears 
to be the original book, a vellum manuscript, signed by the 
Council in England. It is dated Srd February, 1687-8, at 

t O'Callaghan's Macarice Excidium, pp. 150-1. 


draw off with considerable loss, whereby their designs 
against Derry were retarded. *** When afterwards his 
King retired from investing the latter place, ' Major * 
Dominick Sheldon was one of the officers whom he 
left before it to continue the siege. He afterwards 
commanded the Cavalry at the Boyne, and had two 
horses shot under him.f " A gallant charge under 
General Sheldon at Sheep-house might have given a 
different termination to the fight at the Boyne, but 
for the prompt heroism of Levison's and Sir Albert 
Conyngham's Dragoons, who, getting in the rere of 
their antagonists, jumped from their saddles, lined the 
hedges on both sides of the road, and, on the return 
of the enemy from their successful charge, fired on 
them with deadly effect, while Ginkle taking them in 
the rear completed their discomfiture. "J When, on 
the 30th of August, 1690, King William abandoned 
his siege of Limerick, Sarsfield recommended that he 
should be closely and vigorously pursued, and offered 
to conduct the pursuit in person ; but, according to 
Colonel O'Kelly, Tyrconnel gave private orders to 
Sheldon, his Lieutenant-Colonel, to march the greater 
part of the Horse into Connaught. He was however 
ordered back by d'Usson and De Tesse, when he 
promptly obeyed ; but, after continuing in Limerick 
three days, he and his force were again commanded to 
march into the country, as for convenience of forage ; 

* Lodge's Peerage, v. 5, p. 175. 
t Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 400. 
t Fitzgerald's Limerick, v. 2, p. 326. 

tyrconnel's horse. 71 

whereas, says Colonel O'Kellj, "they had sufficient 
quantity of oats within Limerick to feed all their 
horses for two months to come, and the enemy could 
not keep the field for half that time." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sheldon, with Colonels Max- 
well and John Hamilton, constituted the Directory 
which Tyrconnel, when going over to France to urge 
the supplies, deputed to advise the Duke of Berwick 
in the charge of government cast upon him. At the 
last siege of Limerick, in September, 1691, " when by 
Clifford's neglect the enemy was permitted to make a 
bridge of boats here near Annaghbeg, and thus passed 
over their Horse and Dragoons between the Irish 
Horse and the town. Colonel Sheldon could only, 
by advancing the picket, stop the enemy at a pass, 
till himself would be able to gain the mountains with 
his horse and foot, and so make their way to Six-mile- 
bridge, a mancEuvre which was with great difficulty 
performed at last ; but not being able to subsist there, 
they were ordered back towards Clare, upon which 
the enemy passed a great body of horse and dragoons 
over their new bridge, and came before Limerick at 
Thomond Gate.''* Colonel O'Kelly, with his usual 
inclination to find fault with any of Tyrconnel's 
party, unjustifiably upbraids Sheldon for the "want of 
courage or conduct" which this retreat, according to 
him, evinced. Pending the treaty for surrendering 
the town, Colonel Sheldon dined at the English camp, 

• Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 463-4. 

72 KING James's irish army list. 

and, after the capitulation, Sarsfield entrusted to him 
the care of embarking the Irish refugees, " whose de- 
parture marks one of the most mournful epochs in 
our sad history."* Upon his landing them in France, 
King James wrote him a letter of acknowledgment 
from St. Germains, adding how well satisfied he was 
" with the behaviour and conduct of the oflScers, and 
the valour and fidelity of the soldiers ; and how sensi- 
ble he should ever be of their services, which he 
would not fail to reward when it should please God to 
put him in a capacity of doing so.*^ Edward Sheldon 

and Sheldon, Esqrs. were subsequently of the 

Board of Green Cloth at the Court of St. Germains. J 
It is somewhat contradictory in Colonel O'Kelly's 
estimate of Sheldon that, while he censures as above 
that officer's retreat from before Limerick, as discou- 
raging his party from defending the City,§ he yet insi- 
nuates, immediately previous to the sarcasm, that 
" Sheldon and Lord Galmoy, true Tyrconnelists, 
wrote (it is believed) more comfortably into France 
than was suggested by Tyrconnel, and that they en- 
gaged to hold out to the last extremity in hope of a 
powerful relief from thence, of men, money, and all 
other necessaries to prosecute the war, which (he adds) 
if timely sent had certainly preserved Ireland."^ 

* O'Conor 8 Military Memoirs, p. 192. 

t See thia letter in full in O'Callaghan^s Brigades, v. 1, p. 63. 

J Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 411. 

§ Excidium Macarice, p. 149. 

f Idem, p. 147. 

tyrconnel's horse. 73 

This Lieutenant-Colonel was outlawed in 1691 on two 
inquisitions, being in one styled of Dublin, in the 
other of Pennybum-mill, County Derry. In France, 
whither he passed over, he ranked Colonel of a 
Brigade Regiment of Horse, styled par excellence 
'the King's Regiment;' of which Edmond Prendergast 
was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, (having theretofore 
held that rank in Colonel Hugh Sutherland's Horse), 
and Edmond Butler, his Cornet in Tyrconnel's, was 
appointed Major in the Brigade. In 1702, Sheldon 
so distinguished himself against the Baron de Mercy, 
that he was raised from the rank of Colonel to be a 
Lieutenant-General, and all the supernumerary offi- 
cers of his Regiment were put upon full pay. At the 
conflicts of the Mincio and Po in 1702 against Prince 
Eugene, "great glory was acquired by Sheldon's 
Horse, to which a number of reduced officers were 
attached as volunteers. These gallant gentlemen, 
exiled from their native land, reduced to French 
half-pay scarce sufficient for subsistence, preferred the 
activity of a camp to the indolence and obscurity of 

a French provincial town King Louis, to mark 

his satisfaction at the distinguished manner in which 
they had acted, raised their pay to an equality with 
that of officers of Infantry of the same rank."* " In 
1703, when the Imperialists under Visconti were 
posted on the Christallo, whose precipitous banks that 
General thought secured him against surprise or at- 

* O'Conor s Military Memoirs, pp. 240-1. 

74 KING James's irish army list. 

tack, Vendome the French commander, his opponent, 
selected the best of his Regiments of cavalry, and 
amongst these Sheldon's Horse, to surround and 
attack Visconti. The Imperialists, taken by surprise 
while their horses were at grass, were overwhelmed 
and driven into the Sassoni, a • river in their rere, 
where most of those who were not cut down were 
drowned. Sheldon's Horse had a principal share in 
this brilliant affair, in which their commander was 
himself wounded.'^ In 1703 his brigade was not less 
distinguished in the Army of the Rhine, and at the 
battle of Spire, where he was again wounded. The 
name of his Regiment was afterwards changed to 
*Nugent's,' again in 1733 to Fitz-Jaijies's, and was dis- 
banded in 1763. 


The O'Mearas were a distinguished territorial sept 
in the Barony of Upper Ormond, County Tipperary, 
and the name of their principal residence, Tuaim-ui- 
Meara, is still retained in that of Toomavara, within 
that district, yet the only individuals of the name, 
who appear in the outlawries of 1642, are Dermot 
Meara, described as " of Dublin," and Catherine his 

In the commencement of the seventeenth century 

O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 256. 

tyrconnel's horse. 75 

flourished Dermod O'Meara, a physician and a poet, 
who, Ware says in his "Writers," was educated at 
Oxford. He wrote a history of the House of Ormond 
in verse, as also some prose medical treatises. His 
son, Edmund O'Meara, also a Doctor of Oxford and a 
member of the College of Physicians of London, resided 
for some time at Bristol, and died in 1680, leaving 
three sons, William, a physician also ; the above Major 
Francis, his second son ; and the third, a Jesuit.* 
This Francis was one of the burgesses in King 
James's Charter of 1687 to Wicklow, and was sheriff 
of that county in the following year. He was killed 
at the battle of the Boyncf A funeral entry in 
Bermingham Tower, Office of Arms, records the death 
of Teigue O'Meara of Lishenuske, County Tipperary, 
(son and heir of William O'Meara of do., son and heir 
of Donnell O'Meara of do.), who had married Honora, 
daughter of Kobert Grace of Courtstown, County 
Kilkenny ; by whom he had issue three sons, Daniel, 
William, and Patrick, and two daughters. Said 
Teigue died at Killballykelty, County Waterford, 
30th April, 1636, and was interred at Clonmel. 
Another member of this sept, Thomas Meara, was a 
Lieutenant in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Regiment of 
Foot ; and a Thady O'Meara, having been seized of 
various lands in the county of his sept, and being an 
adherent of James, was attainted ; when Daniel 
O'Meara claimed a fee-tail therein ; while in a patent 

• Ware s Writers, p. 190. 

t Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 400. 

76 KING James's irish army list. 

of lands in the same county to John Otway, a saving 
was contained of the rights of Theodore " Manigh'' to 
certain townlands specified therein. 

At the battle of Lauffield in 1747, Captain O'Meara 
was of the wounded in Clare's Brigade. He was liv- 
ing in 1793, when he resided with his son. General 
Felix O'Meara, Commandant of Dunkirk. This lat- 
ter individual went into the French service in 1755, 
being then but eighteen years of age, and was imme- 
diately received into Rothe's Regiment. In the same 
year hostilities commenced in Europe, by Admiral 
Boscawen's taking the Alcide and Le Lys, French 
ships of war ; and preparations were made for land 
actions on both sides. The Irish regiments embodied 
in France were sent to garrison Calais, Dunkirk, 
Boulogne, and Ardres, on that frontier of France 
nearest to England, as it was the policy of the 
French king to oppose the Irish troops to those of 
England. Here O'Meara, sharing in all the services 
of his regiment, gradually rose, as vacancies occurred. 
In 1778, when this brigade was incorporated with 
French regiments, O'Meara, then a Captain, had the 
same rank given him in that of Auvergne, which was 
the second in military estimate of all the Infantiy of 
that country. Peace had existed between the two 
kingdoms for some years previously ; but hostilities 
again breaking out in the latter year, (which led to 
the American war), Captain O'Meara for a time took 
part with Royalty. In the succeeding years, however, 
of intestine commotion in France, he, being then 

tyrconnel's horse. 77 

Lieutenant-Colonel, resigned his commission to the 
Crown, and, embracing the Republican movement, 
received a fresh commission from the National party. 
He fought under General Dumourier, afterwards un- 
der General Dampierre, and was subsequently raised 
to the rank of Lieutenant-General, with the defence 
of Dunkirk confided to him.* There he subse- 
quently married a young lady with a fortune of 
80,000 livr*^s. Three younger brothers of his were 
also officers in the French service.f 


David de la Roche, son of Alexander de Rupe, alias 
de la Roche, was the founder of this ancient Norman 
family in Ireland. He mamed Elizabeth, daughter 
and co-heiress of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, 
by the Princess Joan his wife, daughter of King 
Edward the FirstJ From that marriage descended 
a race that acquired the lordship and territory of 
Fermoy, in the County of Cork, a district hence 
known as the Roches' Country. During the reign of 
that English monarch, several Royal letters were 
addressed to members of this family, requiring their 
aid and personal service in the Scottish wars ; sum- 
monses were afterwards directed to them to attend 

• Gent.'s Mag., 1793, p. 449. 

t Anth. Hib., V. 2, 239. 

t Burke s Landed Gentry, f. 1132. 


the earliest Irish Parliaments ; and about the year 
1320, Creorge de la Roche, who had been theretofore 
twice cited as a Baron to Parliaments held in Dublin, 
was fined 200 marks for non-attendance. In 1344 
the King summoned Lord Roche, by the style of 
"Capitaneus des Rocheyns,'' to attend him in the 
wars in France. This nobleman was, according to 
Lodge, John, Lord Roche, who intermarried with 
Eleanor, daughter of the second Lord Kerry, by 
whom he had the first Countess of Kildare, mother of 
the first Countess of Carrick, mother of the first Earl 
of Ormond.* In 1377, John Roche of Fermoy had 
summons by writ to Parliament.f It may be here 
remarked, that in this and the two ensuing centuries, 
the Lords Roche of Fermoy are, in the Annals, Eccle- 
siastical Records, and official documents, universally 
recognised in their character of Irish chieftains, as 
well as of Anglo-Irish peers, by the style and title of 
" Capitanei suae nationis ;" and their inheritance is 
designated the Roches' Country, not only in the an- 
cient maps of Ireland, but in the Acts of Henry the 
Eighth, Elizabeth, and even down to the time of 
Cromwell. David Roche, Lord Roche, sumamed the 
Great, sat in Parliament as Viscount Roche of Fer- 
moy in the reigns of Edward the Fourth and Henry 
the Seventh.^ He was one of the Peers whom the 
latter Sovereign invited to the entertainment at 

* Lodge's Peerage, Ist edition, voL 2, p. 103. 
t Burke's Extinct Peerage, f. 711. 
t Idem, f. 692. 

tyrconnel's horse. 79 

Greenwich, where he caused Lambert Simnel to attend 
as a menial.* Before and after this year, the mayor- 
alty of Cork was repeatedly filled by a Roche. An 
original letter of 1556, from the Clergy, &c. of Kin- 
sale to Queen Mary, recommending Patrick Roche 
for the then vacant See of Cork and Cloyne, is pre- 
served in the Cottonian Collection of the British 
Museum. In Perrot's memorable Parliament of 
1585, Viscount Fermoy attended on summons, while 
Philip Roche sat there as member for Kinsale. 
Soon after the attainders consequent upon the Des- 
mond rebellion, John, son of Dominick Roche of 
Limerick, emigrated to Rochelle ; as did Maurice and 
John Roche, two sons of John Roche of EUenfinch- 
town, in December, 1601, with Juan de Aquila, for 
Spain,f yhere it is believed the name still exists. 
Very extensive estates of John Roche Fitz-Thomas, 
in the County Waterford, were granted in 1605 to 
Sir Richard Boyle. About the year 1630, the Reve- 
rend Mr. Roche, President of the College of Douay, 
and subsequently Roman Catholic Bishop of Ross in 
Ireland, founded an establishment for Irish priests at 
Antwerp, where they were supported, " partly by the 
alms given at masses, and partly by the benevolence 
of the people f but Harris, in his account of such 
Irish establishments, attributes this foundation to a 
Mr. Laurence Sedgrave. 

The family were ever warm adherents of the 

* Bermingham's Remarks on Baronages, p. 54. 
f Pacata Hibemia, p. 426. 


Stuarts. David, Viscount Fermoy, lost in the Royal 
cause in the war of 1641 estates worth £50,000 per 
annum. He was himself banished, with a Regiment of 
which he had the command, to France, where he 
died. Amongst those attainted in 1643, were Maurice, 
Lord Viscount Fermoy, Patrick Roche of Poolenelong, 
Richard of Gliny, David of Ballynacloghy, James of 
Keniere, John of Ballinvallagh, William and Adam 
of Rhyncorran, Thomas of Aghlenane, Ulick of Ballin- 
dangan, Edmund of Ballinlegan, Theobald and Wil- 
liam of Killeigh, Redmond of Garravadrolane, Miles 
and Edward of Castletown, Theobald Fitz-John Roche 
of do., Ulick Fitz-John of do., and William Fitz- 
Thomas Roche of Clostage, all in the County of Cork. 
Amongst the Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny, in 
1646, sat Maurice Roche, Viscount Fermoy, .with the 
Peers ; and David Roche of Glanaure, John Roche of 
Castletown, and Redmond Roche of Cahirdowgan in 
the Commons. When Ireton took Limerick in 1651, 
Alderman Jordan Roche, Edmund Roche, Esq., and 
David Roche were three of the twenty-four excluded 
from mercy ; and Cromwell's Act " for settling Ire- 
land,** passed in the following year, excepted Maurice 
Roche, Viscount Fermoy,from pardon for life and estate. 
After witnessing and sharing many of the visitations 
of the civil war, George and John Roche withdrew in 
exile to Flanders, where they found their Prince, 
for whom they had suffered so much, also a fugitive 
and a wanderer. It is recorded of them that, with their 
kinsman Viscount Fermoy, they shared their military 

tyrconnel's horse. 81 

paj with Charles,* a " service which," adds Sir Ber- 
nard, " the monarch overlooked at the Restoration." 
The reproach was supererogation in the annals of 
that race. Even the Declaration of Royal Gratitude, 
spread out in the Act of Settlement, names of this 
family only Captain Miles " Roache," of the County 
of Cork, " for services beyond the seas." 

In King James's Charter of 1687 to Cork, Patrick 
and John Roch were appointed Aldermen, and Ed- 
mund Roche a free Burgess. In that of the same 
year to Limerick, Dominick Roche, Esq., and Thomas 
Roch, merchant, were named Aldermen. The former 
was by King James, on his arrival in Ireland, cre- 
ated Baron Tarbert and Viscount Cahiravahilla.f In 
the new Charter to Kinsale, Edward, Patrick, and 
Edmund Roche, and John Roche Fitz-Edmund were 
Burgesses. In those of 1688 to Cloghnekilty, 
John Roche was a Burgess, as was James Roch in 
that to Mallow. In the Charter to Wexford, An- 
thony, James, and John Roche were Burgesses ; in 
that to Middleton, Philip Roche was one of the two 
Bailiff. In those of 1689, Edward Roche was a 
Burgess in one to Fethard ; Edward Roche and 
James Roche were Burgesses in that to CharlevUle. 
In the pension list of 1687-8 appear entries of £150 
per annum for " Lord Roche's children," and of £100 
per annum " for the now Lord Roche." 

* Burke 8 Landed Gentry, Sup. p. 280. 
t Ferraris Limerick. 


In the Parliament of Dublin sat David Roche, 
Viscount Fermoy (as on out-lawry reversed) amongst 
the Peers. He was afterwards drowned at Ply- 
mouth in the great storm of 1703, and was succeeded 
in the title by Ulick Roche,* who dying without 
issue, was succeeded by John Roche of Ballendangan, 
"who," writes Smith in 1745,t "is now in the ser- 
vice of the King of Sardinia, and has no issue. He 
was during the late war in the service of that King, 
in the rank of a Grcneral Officer, and is a great favourite 
of the Prince. He was sent at diflferent times to prevent 
the French and Spaniards from crossing the Alps into 
Italy, distinguished himself in a brave defence of 
Augusta; and, when compelled to surrender Casal, 
the French and Spanish Generals paid him all military 
honors, and entertained him nobly in their camp. 
After being a prisoner for some time, he returned to 
the Sardinian service." 

Besides the above Captain John Roche, there ap- 
pear of the name on this List, Mathew Roche, a 
Lieutenant in Lord Galmoy's Horse ; Maurice Roche a 
Captain, and Nicholas Roche an Ensign in Colonel 
Thomas Butler's Infantry ; James Roche a Captain 
in Lord Kilmallock's ; James Roche a Lieutenant in 
Major-General Boiseleau's, in which David Roche also 
was an Ensign. In Colonel Dudley Bagnall's, Edmund 
Roche was a Lieutenant, and another David Roche 
an Ensign. In Sir Michael Creagh's, Philip Roche 
was a Captain, and another Philip a Lieutenant. In 

* Ni^oU's Peerage. 

t mBtory of Cork, v. 1, p. 345. 

tyrconnel's horse. 83 

Colonel Owen MacCartie's, Philip and John Roche 
were Captains, Ulick a 'Lieutenant, and David and 
James Roche Ensigns ; in Colonel Gordon CNeilFs, 
James Roche was an Ensign ; and lastly, in Colonel 
John Barrett's, Ulick Roche was a Lieutenant, and 
David and James Roche were Ensigns. 

The outlawries of 1691 present the following 
Roches of that period : Philip Roche of Dublin, of 
Brickfields, County of Cork, and of Poulelong, in the 
same County ; James Roche of Ballymontagh, Coun- 
ty of Kilkenny, and of Feartagh, County of Cork ; 
David Roche of Aghane, County of Wexford, and of 
Curraheen, County of Waterford ; David Roche of 
Limerick, merchant ; Michael Roche of Poulenelong, 
County of Cork ; Richard and Maurice Roche of 
Kinsale, County of Cork ; Maurice " Roach" of Cork ; 
John Roch of Ballydanton, County of Cork, of Skib- 
bereen. County of Cork, of Ballyadow, County of 
Wexford, and of Hussabeg, County of Clare ; Joshua 
Roch of Knocknamana, County of Cork ; Theobald 
Roach of Ballydallon, County of Cork ; Patrick 
Roach of Dundauran, County of Cork ; Patrick 
Roache of Kerrane, County of Wexford ; Patrick of 
Fountainstown, County of Cork ; Dominick and An- 
drew of Cork ; Edward of Ballyadow, County of 
Wexford, and of Curraheen, County of Waterford ; 
Redmond Roche of Killehaly, County of Waterford ; 
and Stephen Roach of Curwarragher, County of Cork. 
This latter, on his attainder, retired to Kilrush, 
County of Clare ; and afterwards to Pallis, in the 
neighbourhood of his brother-inJaw, William Apjohn. 

G 2 


They had married two sisters, Anastasia and Cathe- 
rine Lysaght, daughters and co-heiresses of William 

At the Court of Chichester House in 1700, Cathe- 
rine Roche, alias Lavallier, widow of Edward Roche, 
claimed against the then proprietor of Trabolgan, 
Francis, son of said Edward, her jointure thereoff ; 
but her petition was dismist ; as was that of Clara 
Roche for a jointure off the County of Cork lands, 
forfeited by Philip Roche. 

It may be mentioned that amongst the Southwell 
MSS. some years since offered for sale by Thomas 
Thorpe of Covent Garden, London, were curious Col- 
lege Accounts of Lord Roche, from June, 1711, to 
December, 1712. His tuition in dancing, fencing 
and riding, quadrupled in amount the charges for the 
mathematics, French, &c. Four dozen of gloves for 
him cost forty-eight shillings, a pair of leather 
breeches a guinea and sixpence, and there was due to 
the perriwig-maker twelve pounds. Lord Roche being 
then a mere boy.f The education of this young lord 
seems to have resulted from a petition of Lady Roche, 
forwarded in October, 1703, on her failure of relief at 
the Court of Claims, by Mr. Canton Haly on her 
behalf, to Mr. Secretary Southwell ; wherein she en- 
treated " certain monies to send Lord Jftoche's chil- 
dren on sight for England, who are in a most forlorn 

♦ Old FamUy MSS. 

t Southwell MSS. Catal., p. 192. 

tyrconnel's horse. 85 

condition ; which will be one everlasting deed of cha- 
rity, and an eternal obligation upon the family.'^ 


The origin and early notices of this surname are so 
fully given in Sir Bernard Burke's * Landed Gentry,' 
that a reference to its pages must satisfy those seek- 
ing such information more completely than could any 
extended details here. It may yet be observed that 
in 1309, Walter de Cusack had special summons to 
the parliament of Kilkenny ; that in the same cen- 
tury Sir John Cusack, Knight, Lord of Beaupeyr and 
Gerardstown in the County of Meath, had also sum- 
mons to Parliament ; that he married Joan, eldest 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Simon de Geneville, 
Baron of Culmullen in the same County, by whom 
he left Sir Simon his eldest son, who was in 1375 
himself summoned to Parliament as Baron of Culmul- 
len.f That in 1535, Thomas Cusack of Cushings- 
town was appointed a justice of the Common Pleas ; 
in 1542, made Master of the Rolls ; and in 1546, 
Lord Chancellor. In the succeeding years, other 
Cusacks filled the highest judicial posts in Ireland. 

Throughout all the trials and persecutions of the 
Irish Catholics in the seventeenth century, this family 
espoused their cause ; and in the Civil War of 1641, 

♦ Southwell MSS. Cat., p. 244. 
t Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 706. 

86 KING James's irish army list. 

six were attainted for their adherence to that reli- 
gion and their loyalty to the Stuarts, viz. Christopher 
Cusack of MuUevad, and of Ardreagh ; George of 
Trimlestown ; Patrick of Gerardstown, and James of 
Clonemaghana, all in the County of Meath ; also 
Adam Cusack of Monanquill and Henry of Comesal- 
lagh, County of Wicklow. In the Supreme Council 
of Confederate Catholics at KUkenny sat James 
Cusack, who was therefore especially excepted from 
pardon for life and estate in Cromwell's Act of 1652, 
'*for settling Ireland." The Declaration of Royal 
Gratitude, displayed in the Act of Settlement, 
only mentions " Mr. Thomas Cusack of Carrick, 
County of Kildare." In 1671, Adam Cusack was 
Chief Justice of Connaught ; in the following year he 
was appointed a Judge of the Common Pleas. King 
James's New Charters of 1688 have, in that to 
Navan, the names of Nicholas and Christopher Cusack, 
Esquires, and of Christopher and Robert Cusack, 
Gentlemen, amongst the Burgesses. In that to Trim, 
the above Nicholas Cusack was appointed Portreeve; 
while James Cusack of Flemingstown, and Francis 
and Christopher Cusack, were Burgesses. In the 
charter of 1689 to Swords, another Christopher 
Cusack was a Burgess, as was Luke Cusack in that 
to Kilkenny. 

Besides the above Captain Nicholas, there appear in 
this Army List, John and Adam Cusack, of the Lis- 
mullen line, Ensigns in the Royal Regiment of In- 
fantry ; Bartholomew of the Rathaldron line and 
Christopher of Corballis, Captains in Lord Slane's ; 

tyrconnel's horse. 87 

and Robert Cusack of Staffordstown, a Lieutenant in 
Colonel Clifford's Dragoons ; while in Burke's 
"Landed Gentry" a James Cusack of Clonard is 
noticed, as an officer in King James's service at the 
battle of the Boyne. In the Parliament of 1689, at 
Dublin, Captain Nicholas Cusack, who was nephew of 
Tyrconnel, sat as one of the Representatives of Trim ; 
while the Borough of Navan was then represented by 
the above Christopher of Corballis, and by Christopher 
Cusack of Rathaldron ; as was Kells by said Bartholo- 
mew Cusack. When, in 1690, King James assumed 
to exercise ecclesiastical patronage in Ireland, he 
presented Dr. Patrick Cusack to the Rectory of St. 
Canice of Duleek, with the Vicarage of St Mary of 
Drogheda ; and Dr. Robert Cusack to the Rectories 
and Vicarages of Robertstown and KUmainham-wood. 

At the Capitulation of Limerick, Nicholas Cusack, 
then a Colonel, was an executing party of the Civil 

The outlawries of 1691 record as attainted Nicholas 
Cusack of Cushinstown, James of Fieldstown, Chris- 
topher and Bartholomew of Corballis, Patrick of 
Philpotstown, Robert of Castletown, Robert, Adam, 
and Michael of Gerardstown, Lucas of Brownstown, 
aU in the County of Meath ; Philip Cusack of KU- 
kenny ; Rowland of Killone, County of Cork ; Nicho- 
las of Lough-bryne, County of Down, with Adam 
and Christopher of Castletown-Abbey, County of 
Meath. At the Court of Chichester House, Robert 
Cusack claimed and was allowed a remainder in tail 
in various lands and premises in the Counties of 

88 KING James's misn army ust. 

Dublin, KUdare, &c. of which Nicholas Cusack, the 
forfeiting proprietor, had been seized in right of his 

No evidence has been communicated of the fortunes 
of Colonel Nicholas, or of the others of his name who 
passed over to the Continent; but it is stated by Sir 
Bernard Burke, * that of the Gerardstown line 
Gerald-Alexander Cusack, Knight of St. Louis, was 
a Lieutenant-Colonel in Roth's Brigade. He signal- 
ized himself at the battle of Fontenoy in 1745, and 
received for his services there a pension of 600 francs ; 
he was again distinguished at the battle of Lauffield, 
and, after fifty three years' service, died in 1753, S. P. 

A Charles Cusack entered the Spanish service in 

Lee's Regiment, became Captain-General and Knight 
of St. James in Spain, and died Governor of Malatia, 

S. P. Lastly, Richard-Edmund Cusack, Marshal 

of France, and Knight of the Orders of the King of 
France, served at Malplaquet, Minden, &c. and re- 
ceived in 1755 the public thanks of that monarch for 
his services at Maestricht 


He had been one of the Chiefe of the Pale who at- 
tended the great meeting at Swords in 1641, and in 
the Declaration of Royal Gratitude, embodied in the 

* Burke's Landed Gentry, sup., f. 87. 

tykconnel's horse. 89 

Act of SettlementJ he, being there described as of 
Belgard, a Lieutenant, was included, ^^for reason 
known unto us in an especial manner meriting our 
grace and favour." For these services he further 
obtained a restoration of about half his estates, which 
had been seized by the Usurping Powers : of these 
however he deemed it prudent to take out a fresh 
patent in 1670, which expressly included Belgard. 
He was one of the Representatives of the borough of 
Newcastle in the Parliament of 1689, and, having 
been appointed Lord Lieutenant of the County of 
Wicklow, and Commissary-General over this and four 
other Counties, he raised and equipped a Regiment of 
Cavalry at his own expense, fought at its head at the 
battle of the Boyne, and at Aughrim ; and, having 
been included in the Articles of Limerick, this fine 
old soldier thereby effected the preservation of his 
estate. At his advanced age he declined to emigrate, 
and, retiring to Belgard, passed the remainder of his 
days in the ease and comfort of a competent fortune, 
with the consciousness of having served his King and 
country to the utmost of his abilities. He married a 
daughter of Sir Henry Talbot of Mount-Talbot and 
Templeogue, and, having no male heir, he sought, for 
his only daughter Catherine, a suitable alliance in the 
noble family of Dillon, which took place in 1696 by 
her marriage with Thomas Dillon of Brackloon, 
grandson of Theobald the first Lord Viscount Dillon 

* D' Alton's Hist. Co. Dublin, p. 708. 

90 KING James's misu army list. 


In the Fourteenth century, and long after, this name, 
which in truth seems to have been of Danish origin, 
and anterior to the English invasion, is traced in the 
history and records of Meath. In 1382, Henry 
Beatagh was appointed one of the two guardians of 
the Peace in the Barony of EeUs therein. At 
the close of the sixteenth century, William * Betagh ' 
of Moynalty was married to Anne, daughter of the 
sixth Lord Eilleen. In 1610, Edmund Betagh, son 
and heir of Christopher of Moynalty deceased^ had 
livery of his estate according to the law of wardships. 
The outlawries of 1642 included his name as Edmund 
Betagh Senior, with Edmund Betagh Junior, and 
James Betagh, all of Moynalty, Robert Muyle * Bea- 
tagh,' and Patrick Beatagh of Newtown, all in the 
County of Meath. The minutes of Courts-Martial 
held in St. Patrick's Church, Dublin, in 1651-2-3, 
record those held on 20th March, and 23rd April, 
1652, on Captain Francis Betagh and other Betaghs. 
Of the grants confirmed on the adventurers in 
1666, one to Thomas Taylor, of lands in the County of 
Meath, contains a saving for Henry Betagh, Christo- 
pher, Richard, Lucas, James, Mary, Anne, EUenor, 
Margaret, and Jane Betagh, all children of Patrick 
Betagh, of such rights as their said father had in cer- 
tain lands therein specified, and which had been 
decreed to them in 1663. A similar saving of their 

tyrconnel's horse. 91 

rights was reserved in another patent of Meath lands 
to Nicholas Moore, as also in similar patents to James 
Stopford, Edward Stubbers, and Henry Morton, all 
concerning lands in the same County. 

The new Charter, granted by King James to the 
borough of Kells, contains the names of four Betaghs, 
burgesses, viz. Francis, Thomas, William, and 
Henry ; and Thomas Betagh was appointed Town- 

The outlawries of 1691 describe ^Thomas Beatagh 
of Moynalty,' who seems identical with this Lieu- 
tenant. Francis Beatagh is also an outlaw, de- 
scribed as of the same place. Both of these, 
Thomas and Francis, are in a later inquisition de- 
scribed as of Gravelstown, County of Meath. William 
Betagh Senior and William Betagh Junior, styled of 
Lisalkey, County of Down, were also attainted at 
this time. 

The case of Mr. Francis Betagh of Mojrnalty, as 
iniquitously affected by the Acts of Settlement, is 
especially recorded in Mr. O'Callaghan's 'Irish Bri- 
gades,' where it is stated that his grandson, the 
Chevalier de Betagh, was a Captain in Fitz-James's 
Regiment of Horse, previous to the battle of Fontenoy, 
and was living with the title of Count in 1775.* It 
appears from the notes in Hardiman's Irish Minstrelsy, 
vol. 1, that some members of the Moynalty Beataghs 
settled at Mannin in the County of Mayo, where a 
daughter of Captain Gerald Dillon, becoming the 

♦ O'Callaghan's Brigades, v. 1 p. 94. 


wife of James Betagh, was the object of one of Carolan's 
poetical efiusions. 


It would seem that this officer was a relative of 
George King, theretofore proprietor of the town and 
manor of Clontarj^ whose house and town Sir Charles 
Coote burned and wasted with his wonted cruelty. 
The outrage, which, as Borlase writes, was "excel- 
lently well executed," was attempted to be justified 
by an allegation that Mr. King had been one of the 
gentlemen of the Pale who had previously assembled 
at Swords, and who had further abetted the pillaging 
of a ship. This King was immediately after attainted, 
a reward of £400 offered for his head, and his estates, 
comprising the manor and island of Clontarf, with 
Hollybrook, were granted to John Blackwell, a favour- 
ite of Oliver Cromwell, who assigned to John Vernon, 
the ancestor of the present proprietor.* Lodge 
relates that Captain James Brabazon, son of Sir 
Anthony Brabazon, was killed in 1676 by a Charles 

The attainders of 1642 have but one of this sur- 
name, George King, described as of Galtrim, County 
of Meath. Those of 1691 exhibit only John King of 

♦ D'Alton's Hist. Co. Dub. p. 89. 

f Arohdairs Lodge's Peerage, vol. 5, p. 274. 

tyrconnel's horse. 93 

Boyle, and Henry otherwise Martin King of Galway. 
A Thomas King was Prebendary of Swords in 
1703 ; and in 1776, a Charles King was one of the 
Kepresentatives of that Borough. 


The notices applicable to this great historic name 
are collected at tiie ensuing Horse Regiment of Vis- 
count Galmoy ; it may, however, be here observed, 
that this officer appears to have been the same Ed- 
mund Butler, who, when Dominick Sheldon, the 
Lieutenant-Colonel of TyrconneFs Horse, formed a 
Brigade in the service of France, appointed him, his 
old companion in arms, a major.* The gallant ser- 
vices of that force on the Continent are hereinbefore 
briefly alluded to, under the names of * Berwick' and 


He appears to have been of the County of Wicklow, 
and, although his own outlawry is not mentioned on 
the roll of attainders, there do appear there Matthew 
and Thomas Harney, both described of Wicklow. 

The name of * Hemy ' (John, and Margaret his 

* O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 197. 


wife) is of record in the Chancery rolls of Ireland in 
1325 ; and in 1381, Thomas Herny was an ofl&cer of 
the customs in Waterford and Cork. 


This individual is expressly described as he appears 
on this List, in Tyrconnell's Regiment, in the report 
of the wounded at the Boyne, given in Berwick's 
Memoir ; though, according to Walker's Diary, &c. 
(p. 60), ' Quarter Master Casinone ' was killed at the 
previous siege of Deny. 


Sm Thomas Loftus, who died in 1636, left with other 
issue a daughter Jane, who had married John Bryan 
of Whiteswell, alias Bawnmore, and had issue by 
him four sons, the youngest of whom, John Bryan,* 
seems identical with this Quarter Master. Alderman 
James Bryan, of Jenkinsto^vn, was one of the Repre- 
sentatives for the City of Kilkenny in the Parliament 
of 1689 ; and a Walter Bryan, described as of Akipp, 
in the Queen's County, was attainted in 1701. 

* Archdall's Lodge's Peerage, vol. 7, p. 355. 

galhot's horse. 


The Colonel. 



lAduimants. Comets. Quarter-masten. 

Richard OxVisglL Ambrose GarrolL John Kelly. 

Laurence Dempsej, ^ 

let Lieat.-Col. I 

VMathew Cooke. 
[Charles Carroll, ft 
2nd Lieut-Col] ^ 

Robert Arthur, 

James Mathews. 

Henry Fleming, Qeoige Qemon. 
brother to Lord 

Lord Baron Trim- Patrick Kearney. 

Anthony Dnlhnnty. Qeorge Cooke. 

Morgan Ryan. 

Jefiry Burke. Piers Butler. 

Roger O'Connor. Robert Molloy. 

Ifidiael Bourke. 
Edward Butler. 
James Bryan. 
PieFB Butler. 
[Denis O'Keny.] 

Laurence Fitzgerald. Lewis Welsh. 
Edmund Butler. James PurceH 
Mathew Roche. John Smith. 

Thomas Dwyer. 

Oliver Welsh. 

James Butler. 
James Shoe. 
Charles O'Connor. 

H ftlSC iAlf£8*8 IRISH ARMY LIST. 


Of this great historic family, whose annals in the bio- 
grqihy of but one individual have extended over three 
large folio volumes, the notices for this work must be 
necessarily circumscribed within the limits fore- 
marked in the Prospectus. 

The influence and conduct of the great Ormonde 
prevented the attainder of any one of his name in 
1642, with the exception of John Butler, an obscure 
miller of Westpalstown, County Dublin. Some indi- 
viduals of the name however attended the memorable 
assembly of the Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny 
in 1646. Of the Temporal Peers on that occasion 
were Richard Butler, Viscount Mountgarret ; Piers 
Butler, Viscount Ikerrin ; and Edward Butler, Vis- 
count Galmoy. Of the Commons were Edmond But- 
ler of Idough, Piers of Banshagh, James of Swyneene, 
John of Foulsterstown, Piers of Barrowmount, Piers 
of Cahir and Walter Butler of Paulstown. The afore- 
said Lord Mountgarret was not overlooked in Crom- 
well's Act for settling Ireland ; he, with James Butler, 
Earl of Ormonde, was especially excepted from par- 
don for life and estate. 

The Act of Settlement of 1662, in its clause of 
Royal Gratitude for services rendered the exiled Roy- 
alists beyond the seas, includes the names of Viscount 
Mountgarret, Viscount Ikerrin, Viscount Galmoy and 
Lord Dunboyne ; with Ensign Walter Butler of 

galmoy's horse. 97 

Shanbally, Ensign Pierce (Duff) Butler of Tipperary, 
Ensign Theobald Butler of Barnane in said County, 
Lieut.-Colonel William Butler of Ballyfooky, Captain 
Stephen Butler, Captain Walter Butler, Captain 
Theobald and Ensign Thomas Butler. The same Act 
contained also savings from its confiscations, of the 
estates of Colonel Richard Butler, of Thomas Butler 

of Kilconnel, of Butler, son of Theobald, son of 

James Butler of Derryluscan, County of Tipperary, 
and of Richard Butler of Ballynakill in same County ; 
of Lord Dunboyne's and Lord Mountgarref s, and also a 
saving for James (then) Duke of Ormonde and his 
Duchess, of their lands. The latter were fiirther con- 
firmed in "their parts of the regicides' estates, ex- 
cepted out of the Duke of York's confirmation." 

In May, 1686, the above Viscount Galmoy was 
added to the Privy Council.* On the establish- 
ment of 1687-8, Viscount Ikerrin is mentioned as 
having an allowance of £235 4s., as Captain of the 
Grenadiers, with an addition of £100 charged on 
the pension list; while the Lord Baron of Dunboyne is 
set down on the latter list for another £100. In 
King James's New Charters of 1687 et seq. Theobald 
Butler was appointed of the Common Council of 
Dublin. In that to Clonmel, James Butler, mer- 
chant, was named Mayor ; James Butler, Junior, an 
Alderman ; Theobald Butler a free burgess ; another 
Theobald, Recorder ; and Theobald Fitz-James Butler 

• Singer's Correspondence of Loid Clarendon, v. 1, p. 400. 



Town Clerk. — In that to Cashel, James Butler and 
James Fitz-Richard Butler were Burgesses. — In Bal- 
linakill's, John Butler was one of the Burgesses. — In 
Kilkenny's, Lord Viscount Mountgarret and Thomas 
Butler were Aldermen. — In New Ross, Thomas But- 
ler was appointed one of the Bailiflfe, and Walter and 
Richard were Burgesses. — In Callan, John and 
Walter Butler were Burgesses ; In Gowran, this Vis- 
count Galmoy was at the head of the Burgess Roll, 
William Butler being another thereon. Lord Gal- 
moy also headed the Burgess Roll for Thomastown, 
with WiUiam Butler for a Burgess. He was likewise 
first on the Charter to Old Leighlin, where Richard 
Butler was another Burgess. In that to Wexford, 
Walter Butler was an Alderman. In Derry, Robert 
Butler was one of the Burgesses, as was James Butler 
in that to Fethard, Walter Butler in that to Ennis- 
corthy, and Edward and Thomas Butler in that to 

On the present Muster Roll : — In this Regiment, 
besides the Colonel, Edward and Piers Butler were 
Captains, Edmund Butler a Lieutenant, and Piers 
and James Butler Quarter-masters. — In TyrconneVs 
Horse, Edmund and James were, as before mentioned. 
Comets. — In Sarsfield's, Edward and Piers were Lieu- 
tenants. — In Colonel Nicholas Purcell's, James Butler 
of Dunboyne was a Captain, Theobald a Lieutenant, 
and another James a Cornet. — In Lord Dongan's 
Dragoons, Piers Butler was a Comet. In the Earl of 
Tyrone's Infantry, Edward Butler was a Captain. — 

galmoy's horse. 99 

Robert was a Captain in Colonel Cormuck O'Neiirs. 
— In Sir Neill O'Neiirs, William was a Captain, ss 
was Walter in the Earl of Clancarty's. — In Lord 
Eilmallock's, Richard was a Captain, James a Lieu- 
tenant, and Toby Butler an Ensign. — In Major 
General Boiseleau's, Thomas Butler was a Lieutenant. 
— In Colonel John Grace's, Edmund was a Captain, 
another Edmund a Lieutenant, and John Butler was 
an Ensign. — In Colonel Dudley Bagnall's, Edmund 
was a Lieutenant, and Thomas and Edward were En- 
signs. — In Sir Michael Creagh's, Edmund was a Cap- 
tain, as was another Edmund in Colonel Owen Mac 
Carty's. — Colonel Thomas Butler had a Regiment en- 
tirely of his own 'raising,' in which James and Rich- 
ard Butler were Captains ; so had Colonel Edward 
Butler, in which two Edmunds Butler and one John 
were commissioned. — In Colonel John Barrett's, John 
Butler was a Captain, and lie may probably be identi- 
fied with the 'Colonel' John Butler, who commanded 
a troop of Grenadiers at Aughrim, was there taken 
prisoner, and so committed to the Tower in 1695.* 
Previous to the forming of this Muster Roll, a George 
Butler was Captain in Colonel Fairfax's, a then exist- 
ing Regiment ; and of him the Earl of Clarendon, in 
January, 1685, wrote, that he had "served abroad 
when the late King had forces in Flanders, and had 
as good a character as any young man can have ;" 

* Singers Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 2, p. 893. 

H 2 


but he was killed in the following year, by Captain 
Twisleton of Sir Thomas Newcomen's Regiment.* 

At the close of the year 1688, Lord Galmoy came 
to Belturbet, and made an unsuccessful attempt to 
besiege the Castle of Crom ; he was repulsed by the 
Enniskilleners, who had thrown succours into itf 
This Peer was one of the Privy Council, who a short 
time previously caused proclamations to issue from the 
Council Chamber of Dublin against meetings of dis- 
aflfected persons, "in a riotous and warlike manner 
assembled;" who, according to informations received 
by the Lord Deputy, "have taken upon them to fortify 
themselves by possessing of places of strength, and 
dividing themselves into Troops and Companies, pro- 
viding themselves of arms and ammunition ;" and the 
Lord Deputy and Council thereby ordered all persons 
80 assembled to disperse, or that directions shall be 
given to proceed against any defaulters as for high 
treason. In further relation to this family, it may 
be here noted that a Regiment, commanded by 
Colonel Richard Butler, was one of those sent by 
King James to France in exchange for the French 

In the Roll of the memorable Parliament of Dublin 
(1689), appear of this name in the Upper House the 
above Piers, Viscount Galmoy, Viscount Mountgar- 
rett. Viscount Ikerrin, Lords Dunboyne and Cahir ; 
while in the Commons sat Walter Butler as one of 

♦ Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v.l, pp. 207, 336. 
t Hamilton's Enniskilleners, p. 10, <&c. 

galmoy's horse. 101 

the representatives of the Borough of Callan, Richard 
for that of Gowran, Walter of Munfine for the 
County of Wexford, Richard for the County of Wick- 
low, Theobald of Strathnagallen for Enniscorthy, 
James of Grangebeg for the County of Tipperary, and 
Richard for the Borough of New Ross. 

On the 4th of July, in the year of this Parliament, 
Lord Viscount Mountgarret led the forlorn hope of Horse 
against Deny, when he was taken prisoner. " The 
besieged took three colours of Colonel Butler into the 
town, and have them."* It may be added that, after 
the Revolution, in October, 1692, this Peer laid claim 
to his seat in Parliament, and took the oath of allegi- 
ance, but, being required to take that of supremacy, 
he refused so to do, declaring it was not agreeable 
to his conscience, whereupon he was ex*cludedf . 

Crossley, in his " Peerage of Ireland,'' published in 
1725, has an absurd story, that this Lord Viscount 
Galmoy was obliged to do public penance in St. Wer- 
burgh's Church, Dublin, " for some insolent or ill action 
committed by him in that Church, but that he after- 
wards left Ireland with King James." As the latter 
part of this story is erroneous, the whole may be con- 
sidered apocryphal. Lord Galmoy, so far fram going 
oflF with King James, remained with his Regiment to 
the last, was taken prisoner at Aughrim, and, havfng 
been exchanged, was one of the contracting parties on 
the Irish side to the Treaty of Limerick, 3rd October, 

♦ Thorpe's Cat. SouthweU MSS., p. 188. 
t Graham's Derriana, p. 37. 

102 KING James's irish army list. 

In the outlawries of 1691, et seq. Viscount Gal- 
moy was attainted on six inquisitions in Dublin, 
Westmeath, Kilkenny, Wexford, Tyrone and King's 
County. — Richard Viscount Mountgarret on four, in 
Kildare, Kilkenny, Wexford and Londonderry. — Two 
on Lord Dunboyne, in Clare and Meath. — One on 
John Butler, son of Lord Galmoy. — On James Butler 
in the latter County. — On Tobias and Theobald in 
Dublin. — In Wexford on Walter, senior and junior, 
and Edmund of Munfyne, Richard of New Ross, Ed- 
ward of Leckan, and James of Ballyborough. — In 
Kilkenny on Walter of Callan, Edmund of Bally- 
ragget, Edward of Flemingstown, William of Bram- 
blestown, Edward Fitz-Edward of Fiertagh, Richard of 
Low Grange, Peter of Kilkenny, Edward Fitz-Rich- 
ard of Kilkenny, Piers of Coolmanan, and on Thomas 
and Richard of Garry ricken. — In Tipperary, on 
James Butler of Grangebeg. — In Carlow, on Richard 
of Rahalin and Edward of Dunganstown. — In Water- 
foni on Edward and John of Ballynaclogh ; on Tobias 
of Knockanebuy, James of Kilcorr, and William of 
Munvehogg. — In the Queen's County, on Richard 
and Edward of Kilderrick, and on William of Car- 
ran: and lastly, in the County of Roscommon, on 
James Butler of Coneragh. Lord Galmoy 's forfeitures 
alone comprised nearly 10,000 acres plantation mea- 
sui^ in the County of Kilkenny, and about half that 
qiuuitity in the Barony of Bantry, County of Wex- 
fi^ni. The^>hjdd Butler, seventh Baron of Cahir. was 

galmoy's horse. 103 

also outlawed, but his attainder was reversed in 1693, 
and his Lordship restored to his estates.* 

While King James was in Dublin, on the 10th of 
May, previous to the battle of the Boyne, he gave 
licence to the Lady Butler and her sisterhood of the 
order of St. Benedict, to found a Nunnery in that 
City for themselves and their successors, under the 
name and style of " the Abbess and Convent of our 
Royal Monastery of St. Benedict, called Gratia Dei." 

At the battle of Landen, fought 29th July, 1693, 
the Duke of Ormonde (who, according to Clarendon,! 
after King James had gone to bed at Andover, 26th 
November, 1688, turned over to William) was 
wounded and taken prisoner fighting on the English 
side. J At the Court of Claims in 1700, (Jeorge 
Butler claimed an estate tail in Ballyraggett, County 
of Kilkenny, forfeited by Edmund Butler ; he also 
sought and was allowed a remainder in tail in Cranagh, 
County of Kilkenny, forfeited by Edward Butler ; as 
did James Butler a similar remainder in Tipperary 
lands, late the estate of James Butler, but his petition 
was dismist. Another James Butler, a merchant, 
claimed the absolute fee of various lands in the 
County of Carlow, forfeited by Viscount Galmoy. 
John Butler, as surviving devisee and Executor of 
Colonel Walter Butler of Garryricken, claimed and 
was allowed a mortgage afiecting Tipperary lands of 

* Burke's Peerage, p. 434. 

t Singers Correspondence of Lord Clarendon. 

X Rawdon Papers, p. 377. 


Lord Dunboyne ; and Walter Butler petitioned for 
and was allowed mortgages affecting Lord Galmoy's 
estates in the County of Kilkenny ; while Theobald 
Butler, *CounseUor at Law' was a claimant on lands 
forfeited by 'the late Lord Clare.' 

The name of this last claimant is entitled to especial 
notice, deeply and influentially as he was projected in 
the affairs of the period. He was the advising Counsel 
in all the negotiations for the Capitulation of 
Limerick, and an executing party to the Civil Arti- 
cles. Accordingly, when, in violation of these Arti- 
cles, the "Act against the further growth of Popery" 
was devised, he, with Sir Stephen Rice and Coun- 
sellor Malone, appeared at the Bar of the Irish House 
of Commons, to protest against its provisions, as a 
direct attempt to infringe on one or other of these 
Articles, which he held in his hand, presented to the 
House, and commented upon with thrilling but inef- 
fective eloquence.* He was buried in St. James's 
Churchyard, Dublin, the great Catholic burial-place 
at that time and long subsequently ; where, in the 
centre of that graveyard, a tall monument was 
erected, with a large mural slab inserted, and in- 
scribed with his commemoration. 

Sir Piers Butler, the fourth Viscount Ikerrin, was 
knighted and constituted a member of King James's 
Council, for which distinctions and his services to 
that monarch he was attainted, but afterwards ob- 

* Dr. Curry gives full notes of his argiunents, Hist. Rev. vii. 
pp. 237, 386 to 397. 

galmoy's horse. 105 

tained a reversal thereof, and in October, 1698, took 
his seat in the House of Peers. 

The Abbe Geoghegan, in his Histoire de Vlrelande^ 
acknowledges that the accounts which he gave of this 
campaign were amongst other sources derived from a 
journal left by the late Edmund Butler of Kilcop, 
who was Marshal-General of the Cavalry of Ireland, 
and was the more worthy of credence as he had him- 
self seen what he wrote of. He died, adds the Abbe, 
in 1725, at Saint Germain-en-Laye, Field Marshal of 
the Cavalry in the French service. On the first 
formation of the Irish Brigades in France, this Ed- 
mund Butler was a Major in what was styled the 
* King's Regiment ;' while the above Lord Galmoy 
was Colonel of the ' Queen's Own.' Rene de Came, 
a Frenchman, was his Lieutenant-Colonel, and James 
Tobin his Major. This latter Regiment comprised 
two squadrons, four companies, six Lieutenants, and 
six Comets. For the services of this Brigade on the 
Continent in 1701, and the succeeding years, see 
notices ante^ page 24, &c., at Berwick's, with which this 
co-operated. In the movements of the Italian cam- 
paigns of 1703 and 1706, Galmo/s Regiment was 
likewise distinguished.* In 1715, it was drafted 
into Dillon's. 

At the battle of Lauffield in 1747, Piers Butler, a 
Lieutenant in Lally's Brigade, was badly wounded ; 
while another Piers Butler, in Bulkeley's, was taken 

• See O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 234, &c. 
t Gent. Mag. ad ann, p. 377. 



The O'Dempseys were Chiefs of Clan-MaoUughra 
(Glenmalira) a territory extending over part of the 
King's and Queen's Counties ; and, on the Chancery 
RoUs after the English invasion, are recorded sundry 
licenses and mandates to the Lords-Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, to treat and parley with the sept of ' CDymsy.' 
When Edward the Second meditated his invasion 
of Scotland in 1314, he directed a special letter mis- 
sive to ' Fyn O'Dymsy,' for his aid. Necessarily 

passing over remoter annals of this powerful Irish 
sept, it appears that in 1615, James the First 
directed a surrender to be received from Terence 
O'Dempsey of premises in the King's and Queen's 
Counties, with the object of regranting same to him 
in tail male, remainder in tail male to Dermot Mac 
Hugh O'Dempsey, reversion still in the Crown. The 
Clan continued Lords of this their recognised terri- 
tory until the attainders of 1641 and 1688 shook 
them from their inheritance. Those denounced on 
the former occasion were Lewis Dempsey of Baskets- 
town, Robert of Ballybeg, James of Tully (Clerk), 
Dominick also of Tully, Edmund ' Dempsie' of Kil- 
dare, and Henry Dempsy of Ballybrittas, all in the 
County of Kildare. 

In the Assembly of Confederate Catholics at Kil- 
kenny, in 1646, Edmund O'Dempsey, Bishop of 

galmoy's horse. - 107 

Leighlin, was of the Spiritual Peers ; while of the 
Temporal was Lewis O'Dempsey, Viscount ' Clanma- 
lier ;' and Barnabas Dempsey of Clonehork was of the 
Commons. Cromwell's Act of 1652 excepted the 
above Viscount Lewis, as also Lysagh O'Dempsey of 
the King's County, from pardon for life and estate ; 
and the Declaration of Boyal Gratitude, promulgated 
in the Act of Settlement (1662), includes only an 
* Ensign Phelim Dempsey.' In the List of Pensions 
on the Irish establishment, 1687-8, appear the names 
of Mrs. Anne Dempsey for £150, and of Mr. James 
Dempsey for £50 per annum. 

Besides Colonel Laurence Dempsey, Thomas Demp- 
sey is in this Army List a Lieutenant in Sarsfield's 
Horse ; while two other Colonels of the name were in 
the service, though not in this List, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Francis Dempsey (of whom hereafter), and Colonel 
James ; of which latter the Earl of Clarendon writes 
to Rochester, in January, 1685 : — "The Providence 
is cast away upon the coast of Carlingford, and but 
one man of all the Company saved. In her were 
Colonel Dempsey's horses and servants, and all his 
goods, which, I doubt, will almost undo the poor 
man.''* And again writes the same Earl : — " I have 
known him for many years, and always for a man of 
honour, and a good oflScer ; and I do not in the least 
doubt his integrity and sincerity."! In the ensuing 

* Singers Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 214. 
t Idem, V. 2, p. 130. 


April, this Colonel himself arrived in Ireland.* His 
name will be found included in the subsequent extract 
of 1688 outlawries. 

King James's Charters of 1687 have Charies 
Dempsey a burgess in that to Kildare, and James 
Dempsey, the Colonel, in that to Athy. In his Par- 
liament of 1689 sat Maximilian O'Dempsey, then 
Viscount Clanmalier, the Great-grandson of Sir 
Terence O'Dempsey, who was knighted in May, 1599, 
by Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland; he was in 1631 created Baron 
of Philipstown and Viscount Clanmalier, and died in 
the following year. His son and heir, Anthony ,f was 
the father of Lewis, above mentioned, who also died 
in 1 683, when Maximilian, the Peer of King James's 
parliament succeeded. This Sovereign constituted 
him Lord Lieutenant of the Queen's County. 

On Sunday, the 22nd June, 1690, (eight days 
previous to the battle of the Boyne), King James 
gained what was construed an omen of success, in a 
skirmish with a detachment of his Royal rival's forces, 
which had been despatched to reconnoitre what lines 
of march would be most advisable for King William's 
advance ; and, *' it being observed," say the Royal 
Memoirs, " that every night the latter sent a party 
to a pass called the Half-way Bridge, to press a guard 
of Horse and Dragoons which King James had there 
between Dundalk and Newry, this King ordered out 

* Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 341. 
t Crossley's Peerage, p. 115. 

galmoy'3 horse. 109 

a party of Horse and Foot, under the command of 
Colonel Dempsey and Lieutenant-Colonel Fitz-gerald, 
to lie in ambuscade, and if possible to surprise them ; 
which was performed with such success, that the 
enemy's force of 200 Foot and 60 Dragoons fell into it 
at break of day, and were most of them cut off ; the 
four captains that commanded and most of the sub- 
alterns being either killed or taken prisoners, with 
the loss of a few common men. On the King's side, 
only Colonel Dempsey himself was wounded ; but he 
died in two or three days after." His namesake. 
Viscount Maximilian, died in the same year with the 
Colonel, S. P., as did his widow (who had been one of 
the co-heiresses of John Bermingham of Dunfiert) 
within a few years after. — Lieutenant Colonel Francis 
distinguished himself in the defence of Limerick, 
where, in the last days of the siege (22nd Sept. 
1691), he, together with Lieutenant-Colonel Edward 
Hurley and Major Matthew French, was taken 
prisoner, as was also Colonel James Skelton, who 
died soon aft«r of his wounds.* The outlawries of 
1691 exhibit the names of Laurence Dempsey of 
Drynanstown, County of Kildare, and Colonel James 
' Dempsy ' of Moone, in said County ; the latter for- 
feited a moiety of the manor of Moone therein, and 
upwards of 300 acres in the Barony of Moydow, 
County of Longford. He also lost on his attainder 
certain interests in Meath, off which his widow, Ho- 
nora Dempsey, and his daughter Mary sought respec- 

* Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 225. 

110 KING James's irish army list. 

tively jointure and portion at the Court of Claims, but 
both their petitions were dismist. Dr. Mac Dermott, 
in his notes on the Four Masters (Geraghty's Edition, 
p. 248), suggests that Terence O'Dempsey of this 
family settled in Cheshire, and died in 1769, leaving 
issue still extant in or about Liverpool. — William 
Dempsey, ' a Roman Catholic,' one of the state prison- 
ers in the service of Prince Charles-Edward, was 
executed at York in 1746.* 


One of the Knights who accompanied the Conqueror 
into England was Le Sieur de Barneville, 

Barneville et Berners, 

Cheyne et Chalers, 
as old Bromton quaintly links the Roll of that warlike 
importation. The family was early distinguished in 
the Crusades, and extended itself over large pos- 
sessions in England. At the commencement of the 
thirteenth century, Ulfran de Barneville obtained 
estates in ' the Vale of Dublin,' which his posterity 
held until the reign of James the First, when they 
were granted principally to Adam Loftus. In the 
previous annals of the Pale, this family was much 
projected ; members of the name were frequently sum- 
moned to Parliaments and Great Councils, and were 

* Gent. Mag. v. 16, p. 614. 

galmoy's horse. hi 

sdected for the highest judicial situations. In 1435, 
Christopher Bamewall of Crickstown was appointed 
Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Irelwid, (his 
mother was daughter of the celebrated Lord Fumi- 
val). In 1461, Nicholas Bamewall was appointed 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas ; he was the lineal 
ancestor of the present Sir Reginald Aylmer Barnewall, 
and brother to Robert Barnewall, who in the follow- 
ing year was constituted a Lord of Parliament by 
the above title, Baron of Trimleston, to hold said 
dignity in tail male. In 1487, Christopher, the 
second Lord, was one of the Irish magnates who, 
deceived by the pretensions of Lambert Simnel, as- 
sisted at his coronation in Christ Church, Dublin ; but 
soon after, on unreserved submission, he received his 
pardon. In 1504, this Lord, under the command of 
the Earl of Kildare, then Lord Deputy of Ireland, 
defeated the Lord of Thomond, Ulick Burke, O'Carrol, 
and others of their party at the great battle of Knock- 
tow, near Galway.* In 1534, John, the third Baron 
of Trimlestown, was raised to the woolsack ; and three 
years afl«r was selected to open a parley with O'Neill, 
on which occasion he succeeded in making peace. 

In 1563, and for years after. Sir Christopher 
Bamewall of Turvey was the popular leader of the 
Irish Parliament ; he died at Turvey in 1575, 
"the lamp and light as well of his house as of 
that part of Ireland wherein he dwelt ; zealously 
bent to the reformation of his country ; measuring," 

* D' Alton s Droghcda, v. 2, p. 181. 


adds the record, " all his affairs with the safety 
of conscience, as true as steel, close and secret, 
fast to his friend, stout in a good quarrel, a great 
householder, sparing without pinching, spending with- 
out wasting, of nature mild, rather choosing to plea- 
sure where he might harm, than willing to harm where 
he might pleasure."* Within the old church of Lusk, 
near the family mansion of Turvey, stood a noble 
monument commemorative of him and his Lady, who 
afterwards married Sir Lucas Dillon of Moymet, 
County of Meath. The tomb was erected in a section 
of the religious house, which, since the Reformation, 
was appropriated for the service of the Established 
Church. Sir Christopher is represented on the 
monument in a rich suit of armour, his head bare, 
and his hands joined over his breast in a devotion- 
al posture, his feet resting on the body of a grey- 
hound. His Lady lies beside him, her cap round, 
her ruffles high, her gown thickly plaited round the 
waist, puffed on the shoulders, and richly embroidered; 
her petticoat is designed as of cloth of gold, and from 
her girdle hangs a chain of superior workmanship, 
to which is appended a scapular two inches square ; 
at her feet, which can scarcely be distinguished, is 
placed a lapdog. Her hands, like those of her bus- 
band, are crossed devoutly on her bosom, and the 
head of each reposes on an embroidered pillow : the 
sides are sculptured with armorials of the Dillons and 

* Annals of the Four Masters. 

galmoy's horse. 118 

BamewaJls.* The whole of this fine piece of sculp- 
ture was smothered up since the Refonnation, by the 
steps and platform into a pulpit, which rested on the 
&ce of the monument, and were so when the work 
cited below was drawn up. A new church has been 
since erected, and the monument now stands relieved 
of the disfiguring woodwork, outside the walls of the 
new edifice, but perhaps not less exposed to mutilation 
and decay. 

In the Parliament convened by Sir John Perrot, 
which the native chiefe were first invited to attend, 
Lord Trimleston sat as a Baron, while John Bamewall 
was one of the Representatives for Drogheda, Robert 
Barnewall for Ardee, and Richard Bamewall for the 
County of Meath. In 1605, Sir Patrick Bamewall, 
the active agent of the Recusants, was, on account of 
his zeal in their service, sent over to London, and 
committed to the Tower.f At the hill of Crofty, 
where the Civil war of 1641 first broke out, on the 
summons of Lord Gormanston, who had taken an 
active part in the politics of the day. Lord Trimleston, 
five other Peers of the Pale, Sir Patrick Barnewall, 
and Patrick Bamewall of Kilbrae, with one thousand 
others of its leading gentry, were, according to 
a preconcerted arrangement, there met by Roger 
Moore and others, the leaders of the Ulster move- 
ment, attended by a detachment of their forces ; when 
an interesting parley took place, which may be seen 
as below referred to.J It was then that, affecting a 

• D'Alton's Co. Dub. p. 415. f Idem, p. 306. 

t D'Alton's Hist. Drogheda, v. 2, p. 457. 


114 KING James's irish army list. 

show of confidence in these Palesmen, the Lords Just- 
ices and Council directed a commission for the 
government of the County of Dublin, to Nicholas 
Bamewall, who was of the Turvey line, and repre- 
sented that County in the Parliament of 1639. 

On the attainders of 1642, are the names of Mat- 
thew Bamewall of Bremore, County of Dublin ; Sir 
Richard Bamewall and Christopher Bamewall of 
Creekstown, County of Meath ; William of Stephens- 
town ; George of Seneschalstown, County of Wicklow ; 
Richard and Francis of Lis^wbel, County of Dublin ; 
Andrew Bamewall of Lusk, Andrew of Kilbrue, 
Richard of Trimlestown, Simon of Cooledarry, Rich- 
ard and Robert of Rossetown, James of Rathregan, 
George of Spracklestown, County of Meath, and 
Gerald of Robertstown, ditto. Amongst the Con- 
federates of Kilkenny in 1646 were George Bame- 
wall of Creekstown, Henry Bamewall of Castle- 
rickard, James and Sir Richard Bamewall of Creeks- 
town. This last was denounced by Cromwell's Act 
of 1652, and transplanted into Connaught ; but the 
Act of Settlement provided for the restoration of his 
estates, as also for those of Lord Trimleston, who had 
been likewise denounced by Cromwell. These two 
Baraewalls were included in the Royal Thanks' clause 
of that statute. 

In King James's Charters, John Bamewall was 
named Recorder of Dublin, Matthew Bamewall one 
of its Aldermen, and Nicholas a Burgess. Richard 
was a Burgess in that to Carysfort ; while in that 

oalmoy's horse. 115 

to Swords, Lord Kingslainl headed tlie Koll, and 
Robert, Richard, James, and Nicholas Barnewall 
were named Burgesses. Loi-d Trimleston was at 
the head of the Municipal Roll of Trim, on which 
Francis and Nicholas Barnewall were subsequently 
named Burgesses. In that to Kells, Francis Barne- 
wall was a Burgess, and James in that to Mary- 
borough. These two Lords, Trimleston and Kings- 
land, sat amongst the Peers in the Parliament of 
1689 ; while in the Commons, Francis Barnewall of 
Woodpark, County of Meath, was one of the Repre- 
sentatives of the Borough of Swords ; as was Sir 
Patrick Barnewall one for the County of Meath. In 
the Pension List of 1687-8, the name of Lonl Trim- 
leston appears for a pension of £100 per annum, 
which may explain the occurrence of this represent- 
ative of so ancient a family being but a Captain in 
the Regiment. In the Royal Infantry, William 
Fitz-William Barnewall was a Lieutenant, while Ro- 
bert Barnewall was an Ensign. In FitzJames's, 
James Barnewall was a Lieutenant ; in the Earl of 
Westmeath's, Miles was an Ensign ; and in Tyi-con- 
nel's, as shown before, George and Nicholas Barnewall 
were Lieutenants. At the siege of Derry, a Captain 
and an Ensign Barnewall were killed.* 

The attainders of 1691 include Matthew, I^)rd 
Trimleston, by three Inquisitions, one in Meath and 
two in Kildare ; Patrick and Richard Barnewall of 
Newcastle, County of Meath ; Matthew of Archers- 

♦ Walker's Derry, p. 61. 

1 2 


town and Cruiserath ; Henry of Kilmainham, 
Dominick and Sylvester of Arrolstown, Christopher 
of Portlester and Moylough, Bartholomew and Patrick 
of Crickstown, Simon and Patrick of Kilbrue, Nicholas 
of Begstown, James of Dunbro', George Bamewall 
(son of the Countess Dowager of Fingal) of Westown ; 
John of Dublin, Knight ; Robert Bamewall of Dublin, 
Alderman ; Nicholas Bamewall of Dublin, merchant ; 
and George of Rathesker, County of Louth. 

At the Court of Claims, Bridget Bamewall claimed 
a rent-charge on Trimlestown ; Thomasina Bamewall, 
alias Preston, claimed an estate in fee in King's 
County lands, forfeited by Sir John Bamewall ; Eliza 
Bamewall, dower off all the lands forfeited by Matthew 
Bamewall ; Cicely Bamewall, alias Hussey, widow, 
jointure off forfeitures of Dominick Bamewall. On the 
latter forfeitures, John Bamewall claimed interests on 
behalf of himself and five children of his second 
brother ; his claims were, however, dismist ; while 
John Bamewall, " called Lord Trimleston," claimed 
and was allowed a remainder in tail on Trimlestown, 
forfeited by Matthias, Lord Trimlestown, subject to a 
claim of Mary Bamewall for a portion. 

On the formation of the Irish Brigade in France, 
Alexander Bamewall was constituted Lieutenant- 
Colonel in Lord Clare's * Queen's Dismounted Dra- 
goons,' * while, about the same time. Lord Tiimleston 
had three sons in foreign service, Thomas in France, 
James in Spain, and Anthony, who went into 

* O^Conor^s Military Memoirs, p. 198. 

galmot's horse. 117 

Germany at the age of seventeen, in General Hamil- 
ton's Regiment of Cuirassiers. He was engaged in 
every battle against the Turks until cut down at the 
battle of Critzka in 1739. 

In 1745, amongst the adherents of the Stuart 
dynasty, who were crossing the sea for the expedition 
into Scotland, Lieutenant George Bamewall, of 
Berwick's Regiment, was taken prisoner off Montrose, 
on board the * Louis the Fifteenth,' by the * Milford ;' 
as was another Lieutenant Bamewall on board the 
Charit^, in 1746. Lieutenants William, Edward, 
and Basil Bamewall were also captured at sea, being 
enrolled in the same service. At the battle of Lauf- 
field, in 1747, Captain Bryan Bamewall, being then 
in Clare's Regiment, was killed ; while in Berwick's, 
Captains Edward and Thomas Bamewall were badly 
wounded.* In 1795, Lord Trimleston, father of the 
present Peer, obtained an absolute reversal of the out- 
lawry which affected the title in his line. 


Tms young officer was, as particularly noted in Mr. 
O'Callaghan's ably edited Exddium Macarioe^ the 
son and heir of Colonel Charles O'Kelly of Screen, 
County of Galway, the author of that work. That 
fisither was the eldest son of John O'Kelly, bom in 
1621, educated at St. Omer ; and when, in twenty 

* G«nt. Mag., ad ann.j p. 377. 


years after, the great Civil war broke out, he was 
called over to Ireland to support the Royal cause, he, 
by his services on that momentous occasion, so 
deeply incurred the odium and hostility of the usurp- 
ing power, that in prudence he expatriated himself 
to Spain,bringing with him thither two thousand of his 
countrymen. In that country he for a time served 
the interest of Charles the Second, whom he after- 
wards followed to France, where a Kegiment was 
formed chiefly of his own officers and Irish soldiers, 
and which he was commissioned to command. Thence 
he returned to Spain, on Charles being obliged to seek 
protection there ; and remained in the latter country 
until the Restoration, when he came to live in 
England. In 1674, on the death of his father, (said 
John O'Kelly) he succeeded to the family estate of 
Screen. In the new Charter of 1687, granted to 
Athlone by James the Second, this Charles O'Kelly 
was nominated one of the Burgesses ; and, in the 
Parliament of 1689, he sat as one of the members for 
the County of Roscommon. In the summer of that 
year, he was commissioned to raise a Regiment of In- 
fantry for King James, to be commanded by himself, 
with his brother John, (who was at the same time one 
of the Representatives of the Borough of Roscommon) 
as his Lieutenant-Colonel. His Regiment does not 
appear in this Army List, nor was it long kept up ; 
but Colonel Charles's eldest son, the above Denis, was 
transferred to Lord Galmoy's Horse, as above. When 
affairs in Ulster wei^e beginning to wear an untoward 

galmoy's horse. 119 

aspect, Colonel Charles, though then sixty-eight years 
of age, was selected by Brigadier Sarsfield to oppose 
the enemy in Connaught, with such force of the 
country militia as he could collect. With this object, 
he advanced to Boyle, but was there overthrown with 
considerable loss by Colonel Thomas Lloyd, popularly 
styled " the little Cromwell." Story says,* that the 
Colonel was here taken prisoner, " with forty more 
officers and a body of about 8,000 cattle." From 
that period certainly no mention is made of him or 
any of his family, until the battle of Aughrim, where 
the horse of this Captain Denis was shot under him. 
After the surrender of Galway, when the attention of 
King William's Brigadier was directed to the Isle of 
Boffin, then held with a garrison for King James by 
Colonel Timothy Reyrdon (O'Rierdon) as its go- 
vernor, and its capitulation was necessitated, one of 
the articles prescribed that Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Kelly, and all the inhabitants of said island, shall 
possess and enjoy their estates, as held under the Act 
of Settlement ; and the said Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
Captain Richard Martin, were given as sureties for 
the due ratification thereof. After its surrender he 
retired to his family residence, where he devoted his 
remaining years to literature and religion, his first 
patriotic labour having been the Excidiu7n Macarice^ 
often cited herein. The family estates of this branch 
of the O'Kellys were secured by the Treaty of Lime- 
rick ; and consequently, on the death of the Colonel, 

* Impartial History, part 1, p. 25. 

120 KINO James's irish army list. 

which took place in 1695, Captain Denis succeeded 
to it. Under a suspicion of being concerned in a plot 
to restore the House of Stuart, he was committed to 
the Tower in 1722 ; but, by an order of Council, was 
admitted to bail in the following year ; and, appear- 
ing upon his recognizance within a few months after, 
was fully discharged. He had married in 1702 Lady 
Mary Bellew, daughter of Lord Bellew and niece to 
Lord Strafford, by whom he had a son, Thomas 
O'Kelly, born in 1704 ; and daughters. This son 
died in 1704. His father survived to 1740, when 
with him the male line of Colonel O'Kelly became 
extinct. Denis Henry Kelly of Castle Kelly is the 
lineal male descendant of John O'Kelly, before men- 
tioned as having been the brother of Colonel Charles. 

Amongst the O'Kellys attainted in 1642 were 
William O'Kelly of Adamstown, and Shaun O'Kelly 
of Ballaghmoon, County of Kildare ; John Kelly of 
Trimbleston, Richard of Pasloeston, Matthew and 
James of Lusk, Bartholomew Kelly and James Kelly 
the younger of Lusk, Thomas O'Kelly of Ballyowen, 
in the County of Dublin, and William Kelly of 
Allenstown, County of Meath. — Of the Confederate 
Catholics at Kilkenny, were Daniel O'Kelly of Colan- 
geere and John O'Kelly styled of Corbeg. 

The Act of Settlement provided that Colonel John 
Kelly of Serine should be restored to his estate ; and 
the clause declaratory of Royal gratitude for services 
beyond the seas, includes the names of Ensign Kelly 
and Captain Charles Kelly of Serine. 

galmoy's horse. 121 

In 1686, John O'KeUy of Clonlyon, the before- 
mentioned brother of Colonel Charles (ancestor of the 
Castle Kelly line, as well as of that which settled in 
France, known as Counts O'Kelly Farrell), was She- 
riff of Galway, as was Edward Kelly of Dublin in 
the following year. This Edward was a Burgess 
in the new Charter to Dublin ; Robert in that to 
Carlow ; Colonel Charles, Laurence, and Edmund 
OTCelly were Burgesses in that to Athlone ; while 
Thomas O'Kelly was Bailiff therein ; John was a 
Burgess in that to Tuam, Denis in that to Athenry, 
Daniel in Boyle, Hugh in Castlebar ; and in that to 
Roscommon, Charles, John, Edmund, and Hugh Kelly 
were Burgesses ; the Milesian * 0' being omitted 
in many instances. 

On the present Army List, besides Captain Denis 
Kelly in this Regiment, John Kelly was Quarter- 
Master to Lord Galmoy's own troop therein ; Bryan 
Kelly was Lieutenant in Colonel Henry Luttrell's 
Horse ; Thomas Kelly a Comet in Lord Dongan's 
Dragoons ; Constant Kelly a Quarter-Master in the 
Regiment of Sir Neill O'NeiU. In the Earl of 
Chuiricarde's Infantry, Teigue O'Kelly was Lieute- 
nant, and Bryan and William Kelly Ensigns. In 
Lord Galway's Foot, William Kelly was a Lieutenant. 
In Lord Slane's, Richard Kelly was a Captain ; Mau- 
rice Kelly was a Lieutenant in Sir Maurice Eustace's. 
In Lord Boffin's, Hugh Kelly was an Ensign. In 
Colonel O'Gara's, Daniel and John Kelly were Cap- 
tains, and another Daniel Kelly an Ensign. In Sir 

122 KING James's irish army list. 

Michael Creagh's, George Kelly was an Ensign ; as 
was Hugh Kelly in Colonel Reward Oxburgh's. A 
Lieutenant Kelly was killed at the siege of Derry ;* 
and in the list of general and field officers taken at 
the battle of Aughrim, a Major Kelly is particularly 

The attainders of 1691 comprise John Kelly of 
Athlone, Laurence of Dunavally, Charles and John 
of Athlone, Edward of Athlone, merchant ; Thomas of 
Clonbrush ; Hubert of Waterstown, County of Car- 
low ; Constantine of Old Leighlin, County of Carlow ; 
Nicholas of Gowran, County of Kilkenny ; Garrett 
of Cadamstown, County of Kildare, and of Ross, 
County of Wexford ; Patrick O'Kelly of the County 
of Down ; Hugh Kelly of Drumballyryny, ditto ; 
Thaddeus O'Kelly of Bolies, ditto ; William Kelly of 
Coolenbrack, Queen's County ; Terence and Thomas 
of Ballyrahin, ditto ; John and Dominick Kelly of 
Gort ; Loughlin Kelly of Ardgool, County of Mayo, 
clerk ; Bryan Kelly of the County of Galway ; Oli- 
ver of Fidane, ditto ; Philip Kelly of Waterford ; 
Laurence Kelly of the County of Roscommon ; Far- 
gus Kelly of ditto ; and James Kelly of the County 
of Galway. 

At the Court of Claims, in 1700, Timothy Kelly 
claimed a fee in County of Roscommon lands, forfeited 
by Hugh Kelly, — dismist ; John Kelly petitioned 
for a leasehold interest in the County of Galway, for- 

♦ Walker's Derry, p. 60. 

t Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 137. 

galmot's horse. 123 

feited by the Earl of Clanricarde, — dismist ; William 
Kelly and Clare his wife sought to recover a jointure 
off lands in the Counties of Galway and Roscommon, 
forfeited by Laurence Kelly, — dismist ; while in the 
latter lands Francis and Margaret ' Kelley,' minors, 
claimed by their guardians certain remainders, — dis- 
allowed. Mary Kelly claimed and was allowed her 
jointure off Roscommon lands forfeited by Fargus 
Kelly. Denis Kelly claimed a leasehold in County 
of Roscommon lands, — disallowed. Edmund Kelly, as 
son, heir, and administrator of Colonel Edmund Kelly, 
claimed and was allowed a freehold in County of 
Galway lands forfeited by Lord Viscount Galmoy. 
John Kelly, Junior, by John Kelly his father, sought 
a remainder for years in Roscommon lands forfeited 
by Loughlin Kelly ; while John, son of Daniel Kelly, 
claimed and was allowed the fee of said lands. Hugh 
Kelly of Cultraghbeg claimed the fee thereof, forfeited 
by Hugh Kelly of Ballyforan ; but his petition was 
dismissed. Bryan Kelly claimed, as surviving bro- 
ther of Hugh Kelly, who was heir of Loughlen Kelly, 
an equity of redemption affecting Galway lands for- 
feited by John, son and heir of Edmund Kelly. 
Hugh Kelly, a minor, claimed and was allowed a 
remainder in tail in Galway lands forfeited by Hugh 
Kelly of Ballyforan ; while Bryan Kelly, as eldest 
son of said Hugh, claimed and was allowed an estate 
tail in said lands, which comprised Ballyforan, &c.; 
and Mary Kelly, alias Donnelan, claimed jointure off 
Galway lands forfeited by Edmund Kelly, — dismist. 


So much has been published concerning this ancient 
Irish sept in Burke's Landed Gentry, and in the * Hy 
Maine' of the Irish Archaeological Society, that it 
would not be justifiable to transfer their details to 
these pages. It may be remarked, however, that the 
Chancery Records yet fiirther illustrate the annals, 
possessions, and lineage of this family, even from the 
year (1314) when Edward the Second directed his 
special missive to Gilbert O'Kelly, *I>uci Hibemi- 
corum de O'Many.'* Of their continental reputation 
it may be noticed as a fragment, that, in 1699, Wil- 
liam O'Kelly, * bom in the parish of Aughrim,'obtained 
from the Emperor Leopold the chairs of Philosophy, 
History, and Heraldry, with many other honours.f — 
In 1747, Lieutenant William Kelly, of Lally's Regi- 
ment, was one of the wounded at the battle of Lauf- 


This officer is described in the Inquisition taken on 
his attainder as of Painstown, County of Carlow. 
George Cooke, a Quarter-master in the same com- 
pany of this Regiment, was, it may be presumed, a 
relative of Matthew. The only individual of the 
name outlawed in 1642, was Thomas Cooke, de- 
scribed as * of Beldoyle.' Other Cookes, projected to 
notice about this time, were John Cooke, a Justice 

♦ Rymer s Foedera. f Ware's Writers, p. 287. 


of the Bench during the Commonwealth ; and Colonel 
Creorge Cooke, whose relict and children the Act of 
Settlement confirmed in their estate. It also saved 

the right of Cook, an infant, * grandchild to 

Sir John Cook,' in lands of Feartry, County of Wick- 
low. In King James's Charter to Carlow, William 
Cook was a Burgess, as was Peter Cook in that to 
Fethard. Amongst those attainted in 1691 were 
Marcus Cooke of Cradany, the above Matthew of 
PainstoWn, County of Carlow, and John Cooke of 
Ballyhaurigan, County of Kerry. On these lands of 
Painstown, with which Lieutenant Matthew was so 
connected, William Cooke was a claimant for the fee 
under a conveyance of 1684, witnessed by the said 
Matthew, and of which the late proprietor was Dud- 
ley Bagnall. His claim was allowed, as was also 
that of Thomas Cooke for the fee of forfeited lands in 
the County of Cork. 


The name of Gremon appears of Irish record and 
history from a very early period. When Edward 
Bruce invaded Ireland in 1315, Roger Gemon and 
John Gemon his brother were of the King's lieges 
who vigorously opposed his incursion. Early in the 
reign of Edward the Third, the said Roger and John, 
styled of Killingcoole, were summoned to attend John 
D'Arcy, the Irish Justiciary, with arms and horses in 

126 KING James's irish army list. 

his expedition to Scotland ; the latter (John) Ger- 
non was in eight years after (1344) appointed a 
Justice of the Bench, while in 1374 Roger (Jernon was 
constituted a Baron of Parliament by writ.* 

The George Gernon here under consideration was, 
as described in his outlawry, of Dunany in the 
County of Louth, a locality more anciently included 
in Gemonstown ; and was also seized of estates in 
the County of Roscommon, the fee of which was 
claimed before the Court at Chichester House in 
1703, by Edward Gernon, who appears to have been 
his son. George Gernon was one of the Catholics 
admitted to the freedom of Drogheda under the new 
Charter of 1685. In that to Drogheda Hugh and 
Bartholomew Gernon were Aldermen, and in that to 
Ardee James Gernon was named Provost, Hugh Ger- 
non a Burgess, and Thomas Gernon Town-clerk. 
Martin Gernon was one of the Burgesses in that to 
Belfast. Hugh, the Burgess of Ardee, was one of its 
Representatives in the Parliament of 1689. 

But one other of the name appears on this Muster 
Roll, a John Gernon, who also was a Lieutenant in 
Colonel Cormuck O'NeiU's Infantry. 

The outlawries of 1691, besides that of Lieutenant 
George, record the names of Nicholas Gernon, of Ju- 
lianstown. County of Meath, who died at the close of 
the year 1689 ;t Hugh Gernon of Ardee and Killing, 
cool, Thomas Gernon of Dublin, George^ as * son of 

♦ Burke's Ext. Peer. p. 708. 

t Inqmsition, 3 Will. & Mary, in Cane. Hib. 

galmoy's horse. 127 

Roger' G^mon of Dunany, Bartholomew of Drogheda, 
Patrick and Edward also of Dunany, Richard of Sta- 
bannon, Martin of Crookedstone, and Nicholas of 
Clough, County of Antrim. The greater part of the 
Gernon estates were granted in 1694 to Colonel 
Henry Baker, who did such service for King William 
at Derry. The claims at Chichester House were, 
Patrick Gemon's for a remainder in tail in Killing- 
coole and other Louth lands forfeited by Hugh 
Gremon ; and his claim was allowed ; Edward Ger- 
non's for a similar remainder in Dromisken and other 
Louth lands forfeited by Nicholas Gernon ; but his 
claim was not allowed. The above Martin Gernon 
of Crookedstone claimed various interests affecting 
the lands of Sir Neill O'Neill in Antrim ; — petition 


O'DuGAN, in his Topography of Ireland, locates the 
sept of O'Keamey in that part of Meath ( Westmeath) 
called Teffia. A clan of the name is placed near 
Kinsale in the County of Cork on Ortelius's map, 
and they also appear to have been territorial in the 
Baronies of Tulla and Bunratty, County of Clare. 
The elder family of this name, those of Teffia, took 
the cognomen of Sionnach (Fox), by which English 
appellation one of the family got the title of Baron 
of Eilcoursey in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In 


1095, Carbrie ^O'Kerny' was Bishop of Fems. In 
1198, Giolla Criost 'O'Ceamey' was elected Abbot of 
Derrj-Columb-kille, ' by the Chiefe and Clergy of the 
Nortii of Ireland;' he was afterwards appointed 
Bishop of Connor, to which See James O'Kemy was 
appointed Bishop in 1324. In 1571, a John Kemy 

is remembered as one who, in connection with 

Walsh, then Chancellor of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
Dublin, first introduced Irish types, and was himself 
author of the earliest catechism printed in that lan- 
guage. About the year 1601 he died. 

This Lieutenant Patrick appears, from an ancient 
pedigree in the Trinity College Collection (F. iii. 27), 
to have been of a Tipperary branch of this family ; 
thus : Daniel Kearney of Ballyknock in that County, 
in the middle of the sixteenth century, married Alice, 
daughter of William Butler ; his grandson Patrick 
Kearney married Ellen, daughter of Teigue * Cur- 
rane' of Mohernan in the same County, and died in 
1641 at the advanced age of eighty. His son, Brien 
Kearney, whom Patrick survived, left two sons, 
Donogh and Edmund : the eldest, Donogh, married 
Alice, daughter of Patrick Comerford of Modeshill, 
in the same County, and had by her three sons, 
Patrick, (the above Lieutenant, as it is surmised), 
Michael, and Nicholas, and a daughter. 

The attainders of 1642 present but William Ker- 
ney of Wicklow, while amongst the Confederate 
Catholics of Kilkenny was only James O'Keamey of 
Ballyluskey. In 1685, Sir Richard 'Carney' was 

galmoy's horse. 129 

Ulster King of Arms. In the New Charters of King 
James that immediately succeeded, John Kearney 
was Town Clerk in that to Dublin, as also in that to 
Carlow. Thomas Kearney was appointed Sovereign 
in that to Kilmallock, in which a Patrick Kearney 
was a Burgess. Denis Kearney was a Burgess in that 
to Fethard, while a Patrick Kearney was Recorder and 
Town Clerk. Philip Kearney was Town Clerk in 
that to Blessington, Denis Kearney in that to Tho- 
mastown ; and in the Charter to Cashel Patrick 
Kearney was named an Alderman, while Edmund, 
John, Paul senior, and Paul junior were Burgesses 
therein. In the Parliament of Dublin (1689) Dennis 
Kearney was one of the Representatives of the Bo- 
rough of Cashel. 

A few months before the battle of the Boyne, King 
James appointed Patrick Kearney to the office of 
* Comptroller of the Pipe and second Engrosser of the 
Great Roll of the Pipe of the Exchequer of Ireland.*' 
In this Army List, a Michael Kearney was a Lieute- 
nant in Colonel Purcell's Horse, and he would seem 
to be the second son of Donogh by Alice Comerford, 
and brother to Lieutenant Patrick. It is mentioned 
in King James's Memoirs that, before Schomberg had 
landed in Ireland, a Sir Charles 'Carney' was by 
order of that King stationed at Coleraine with one or 
two Regiments, and another higher up upon the Ban 
water, to secure that river ; that, on Schomberg's 
landing, he was ordered to retire, ^ for fear of being 

• Rolls Office Index, James II. f. 72. 



cut off by the enemy f and that ultimately he com- 
manded the reserve at the Boyne.* The attainders 
of 1691 include Murtagh * Kearny' of Athlone, John 
Kearney of Dublin, Denis of Cashel, John of Parks- 
town, County of Kilkenny ; Nicholas * Kamey' of 
Athfane, County of Waterford ; Moriarty Kearney of 
Clonmacnoise, King's County, clerk ; John of Por- 
tumna, County of Galway ; James of the Barony of 
Muskerry, and John and Richard Kearney of Cork. 
At the Court of Claims, Anstace Kearney, as widow 
of Edmund Kearney, sought dower off County of 
Cork lands forfeited by James Kearney ; but her 
petition was dismist Richard Kearney, as "only 
son or executor" of Daniel Kearney, claimed and was 
allowed a freehold remainder in estates in Tipperary 
forfeited by Sir John Everard of Fethard ; while 
Mary Kearney, alias Comerford, and James Kearney, 
administrators of Bryan Kearney, claimed and 
were allowed leaseholds in said lands. At the 
battle of Lauffield in 1747, Richard ' Kearny' was 
wounded fighting in Bulkeley's Irish Brigade, as was 
also Lieutenant ' Kearny' in Lally's Regiment on the 
same day.f 

• Clarke's James II. vol. 2, pp. 372 & 397. 
t Gent. Mag., ad ann., p. 377. 









The Colonel 

John Gaydon. 

George Slaogfater. 

James Planket. 

AlmerionB, Lord 
Kinaale, Lieut. 

James St. John. 

Thomas Taaffe. 

Boger McEettigaa, 

Bene de Came. 

Thomas Leicester. 

Christopher FiUGerald 

1. Thomas Lilly. 

Daniel O'Neill 

Bene Maaandier. 

James Pnrcell 

William Synnott. 

John Bonrke. 

Geoige Mayo. 

Edmund Morris. 

Thomaa Burke. 

Thomas Dempoej. 

Patrick Dillon. 

WiUiam Meaner. 

Franois Magle. 

Bichard TyrreU. 


Bichard Tyrrell. 
Mnitogh O'Brien. Edward Butler. 
John Macnaroara. Piers Butler. Thomas Bourke. 

Edward Dowdall. 

K 2 

132 KING James's irish army list. 


Thomas de ' Sarsefeld/ ' premier porte-banniere du Roi 
Henri ii. A. D., 1172/ is said to be the first who 
brought this surname into Ireland.* In 1302, King 
Edward the First invited Thomas and Stephen de 
* Saresfeld ' to aid him in the Scottish wars. In the 
time of Edward the Third, Henry, son of David 
Saresfeld, resided in the County of Cork. During the 
same reign, a branch of the family settled in Meath, 
one of whom, after some generations, stiled, ' of 
Lucan,' sent two archers to the Hosting of Tara. In 
1566, Sir William Sarsfield of Lucan was knighted 
by Sir Henry Sydney, for his services against Shane 
O'Neill, and he was seneschal of the Royal manor of 
Newcastle in 1591. In 1609, SirDominick Sarsfield, 
being Premier Baronet of Ireland, and Chief Jus- 
tice of Munster, was one of the three commissioners 
whom King James assigned to demarcate the munici- 
pal boundaries of Cork. In 1609, he was appointed 
second justice of the Irish Court of King's Bench ; 
in 1610, was promoted to the Chief Justiceship of the 
Common Pleas, and in 1612, had a grant from that 
Monarch of the Castle of Carriglemlary, with thirteen 
plowlands, licence to export com and victuals raised 
on the premises fi^e of all customs, with all tithes, 
fisheries, courts of pie-poudre, and the usual tolls, 
liberty to empark with free warren ; said Sir Domi- 

• Biirke^s Landed Grentry, p. 119. 

sarsfield's horse. 133 

nick being therefor bound to plant ninety families 
on the lands. All these premises are stated to have 
come to the Crown by the attainder of Philip Fitz- 
Edmond Roche. In 1627, this Royal favourite was 
unadvisedly created Lord Viscount of Kinsale, a title 
for centuries maintained, with unbroken succession, in 
the ancient and noble family of De Courcey ; where- 
upon John Lord Courcey, existing Baron of Kinsale, 
and Gerald his son, petitioned the King and Lords of 
the Council in England, against Sarsfield's assumption 
of the dignity. This petition was referred to the 
Judges, who transferred the question to the Earl 
Marshal of England, from whose Report it appeared 
that the De Courceys had from time immemorial been 
. stiled Barons of Kinsale and Ringrone ; and he held 
that to have two titles standing, one of the Barony in 
de Courcey, and another of the Viscounty in Sarsfield, 
would be an ill-confounding of titles of honour, and 
that therefore Sir Dominick, though he may retain 
his rank, should take his title from some other place 
in Ireland, or be called Viscount Sarsfield ; whereupon 
he took that of Kilmallock. In the outlawries of 
1642 appears the name of Peter Sarsfield of Tully 
County of Kildare. His son Patrick* had two sons, 
WiUiam of Lucan, who married Marie, sister of the 
Duke of Monmouth ; and Patrick, the Colonel at pre- 
sent under consideration. This latter "was highly 
accomplished, and in personal appearance of a tall 
and manly figure ; he had been an Ensign in France 

* Burke's L#anded Gentry. 


in Monmouth's Eegiment, and a Lieutenant of the 
Guards in England.''* When James came over to 
Ireland, he ranked as a Brigadier-general, and by his 
own influence had embodied this noble body of 
fiorse ; soon after which, by the death of his elder 
brother William, s.p.m., he succeeded to the family 
estates, then considered of the value of £2,000 per 
annum. He was a Burgess in King James's Charter 
to Middleton, while Dominick and James were Alder- 
men in that to Cork, and John a Burgess in that to 

In the Parliament of 1689, sat Dominick Sarsfield, 
Viscount Kilmallock, of the Peers. * He had a Regi- 
ment of Infantry in this service, as shown hereafter ; 
while, in others of this List, James Sarsfield was an 
Ensign in Colonel Thomas Butler^s, as was Joseph 
Sarsfield in Colonel Charles O'Brien's, in which 
Ignatius Sarsfield was a captain. This Ignatius was 
the son of Patrick Sarsfield of Limerick, theretofore 
Governor of Clare ; his descendants, of kindred col- 
lateral to Colonel Patrick, bore the title of Counts of 
Sarsfield in the French army. 

Early in the Irish campaign, after Mountcashel's 
defeat before Enniskillen, Sarsfield, then " a young 
Captain beloved by the soldiery," was stationed with 
some troops at Sligo, for the defence of Connaught 
from the Ulster adherents of William ; a position 
which he held until directed to remove, to maintain 
Athlone against the meditated attack of Lieutenant- 

* O'Conor s Military Memoirs. 

SAESFI£LD's hoese. 135 

General James Douglas. The announcement of his 
approach affected the object for the moment, Greneral 
Douglas retiring to rejoin his King. It is said of 
Sarsfield that, even after King William had passed 
the Boyne, he "implored James, before he left the hill 
of Dunore, to strike another blow for empire.'' At 
the first siege of Limerick, while Major-General 
Boiseleau had the command of the Garrison, the Duke 
of Berwick and Colonel Sarsfield were next under 
him. The latter, pending the siege, (on the 12th 
August) surprised, at Kelly-na-Mona, a convoy that 
was conducting to the besiegers provisions and am- 
munition. This gallant achievement is fiilly detailed 
by Story, the Chaplain of King William. He spiked 
their cannon and exploded their ammunition ; and the 
same day re-entered Limerick amidst the triumphant 
shouts of his fellow-soldiers, thenceforth more than ever 
their idol. Encouraged by his daring exploit, those 
who were wavering before abandoned all thoughts ot 
capitulation.* On the 30th August, King William 
directing his last assault upon the City, left 1200 
regular troops killed in the* trenches, and in five days 
after embarked himself fix)m Waterford to England. 
When the Duke of Tyrconnel went to France, Sars- 
field was one of those whom he put in commission to 
direct the inexperienced Duke of Berwick ; to whom, 
as befi)re menjiioned, he had entrusted the command 
of the army. Soon afterwards the Duke and he 
attacked the Castle of Birr, the family residence of 

• Clarkes James II., v. 2, p. 416. 


Sir Lawrence Parsons, ancestor of the present Earl 
of Rosse ; "the principal design, however, of this 
movement was to break down the bridge of Banagher, 
but the attempt was found too hazardous at that time, 
not only as the enemy was very strong on the other 
side, but as it was defended by a Castle and another 
work which commanded it on two sides,*^ and the 
project was consequently abandoned. Sarsfield is 
represented by Colonel O'Kelly, in the ^Exddium 
Macarioe^' as suspecting Berwick about this time of 
treacherous correspondence with his Uncle Colonel 
Churchill, in King William's service. 

Tyrconnel, when he returned from France, brought 
with him a patent from King James, creating this 
officer Earl of Lucan, Viscount of Tully, and Baron 
of Rosberry; titles which King Williams Chaplain, 
Story, seems willing to concede to liim, even aflber the 
conclusion of the campaign. ' Lord Lucan,' he says, 
*for so we may venture to caD Lieutenant-General 
Sarsfield, since the Articles of Limerick do it.' King 
James then also constituted Sarsfield a Colonel of his 
Life Guards, and Commander-in^hief of the Forces 
in Ireland ; the last appointment proved however soon 
but titular, as in May, 1691, the Marquess de St. 
Ruth landed, a foreigner placed over his head by the 
French King. Yet no jealousy of Sarsfield at this 
step induced him to abate his zeal fo^ the cause he 
had espoused; and when, on Tyrconnel's death, 
D'Usson, the senior officer, assumed the command of 

♦ Harris's Life of WiUiam III. 

sarsfield's horse. 137 

of Limerick, " Sarsfield attended to all the details, 
superintended the repair of the fortifications, the 
providing of ammunition and stores, watched the 
motions and defeated the designs of the peace party. 
His vigilance and activity admitted of no relaxation ; 
his ardour inspired the troops with confidence.*^ At 
the Battle of Aughrim he had been placed by St. 
Ruth at the left wing of the Irish army, with positive 
instructions not to stir from that position until he 
received St. Ruth's orders, an injunction which held 
him inactive until the death of that Commander 
closed the contest, the more effectuaUy as Sarsfield, 
though second in command, was wholly ignorant of 
the plans of his commander ; the officers of the Irish 
army waited for orders, but none was there to give 

Sarsfield, after long opposing the capitulation of 
Limerick, excited much astonishment by ultimately 
joining those who advocated it. Colonel O'Kelly 
could not see any justification for this change of 
opinion, and is the more inclined to impeach it, as, 
pending the arrangement of the terms for surren- 
der, this General dined with the Duke of Wurtem- 
burgh in the English camp. O'Conor, in his ' Military 
Memoirs,' (p. 174) defends Sarsfield's motives in a 
manner that would leave without stain the memory 
of this truly illustrious Irishman. At a very ad- 
vanced state of the siege, " his constancy gave way, 

• O'Conor 8 Military Mem. p. 167. 

t O'Callagban's Excidium Macarke, p. 461. 


he apprehended probably that some of the gates or 
works would be betrayed to the enemy, that the whole 
garrison would be involved in the horrors of a town 
taken by storm, and that no terms could in that case 
be made for the religion or the nation. Overpowered 
by such considerations, he ultimately acquiesced in 
the wishes of the majority." The Treaty that he 
sought proposed indemnity for the past, free liberty 
of worship, security of titles and estates, admission to 
all employments civil and military, and equal rights 
with the Protestants in all the Corporations. Such 
was the Treaty he sought; such he construed the 
Articles of Limerick, to which he was an executing 
party. He had however been himself previously at- 
tainted on several Inquisitions taken in Dublin, Eil- 
dare, Cork and Kerry ; Lady Honoria Sarsfield, his 
wife, was also outlawed, as were Daniel and David 
Sarsfield of Sarsfield's Court. 

At the Court of Claims, Francis Sarsfield claimed 
and was allowed a fee in lands at Saggard, County of 
Dublin, forfeited by Patrick Sarsfield ; and in all his 
other estates in the County of Kildare, &c. — Dominick, 
James, and Patrick Sarsfield, minors, claimed, by their 
father Dominick Sarsfield, an estate tail in Cork lands 
of which he was the late occupant ; — disallowed. Pa- 
trick Sarsfield, in behalf of his son John, a minor, 
claimed an estate tail in Cork lands forfeited by the 
said Patrick ; allowed, after the decease of John's 
father and mother. Said Patrick Sarsfield also claim- 
ed an estate tail in Lucan, Rathbride, &c. ; — dismist. 

sarsfield's horse. 139 

The only existing male representative of this illus- 
trioos name now in Ireland appears to be Domi- 
nick Ronayne Sarsfield of Dough-Cloyne, County of 
Cork ; the lineal descendant of Dominick, the above 
minor, claimant. William Sarsfield, the aforesaid 
brother of the Earl of Lucan, left by the Duke of 
Monmouth's sister a daughter Charlotte, who, after 
the. attainder and forfeiture of her unde, obtained a 
grant of some of his estates. She married Agmon- 
disham Vesey, son of the Archbishop of Tuam, and 
had by him two daughters ; Henrietta, who married 
Caesar Colclough of Tintem Abbey, County of Wex- 
ford ; and Anne, who married John Bingham of 
Castlebar, ancestor of the present Earl of Lucan. 

On the surrender of Limerick, Sarsfield sedulously 
urged the removal of many of his old comrades to 
France, with a sanguine hope of such aid from King 
Louis as would secure their triumphant return.* 
"The Irish Officers,'' says Harris, "went on board 
with the best of their forces on the 22nd of Dec. 
1691, and with them Sarsfield embarked to seek a 
fortune in a strange country, when he might have re- 
mained an ornament to his own ; but he was actu- 
ated by a strong bias to what, in his opinion, was the 
true religion, and by the false principle of honor and 
loyalty to a Prince, who had made it the whole busi- 
ness of his reign to overturn an established constitu- 
tion." He landed in due course at Brest, with 4,500 
of the expatriated Irish, while a remainder of 19,059 

* O'Conors Military Mem., p. 189. 


men and officers arrived in France about tte same 
time, in three other divisions * all of whom King 
James reviewed and regimented.f On Sarsfield's 
arrival in France, that King appointed him to the 
command of the second troop of Irish Horse Guards, 
that of the first having been committed to the Duke 
of Berwick. During the short interval that he out- 
lived the Stuart Dynasty, he addressed various letters, 
(offigred for sale in the Southwell Collections some few 
years since) signed by himself as Earl of Lucan, to De 
Ginkle, Earl of Athlone ; in which he set forth the 
displeasure of Louis the Fourteenth, by reason that 
" the articles of the Capitulation of Limerick had not 
been punctually performed," and requiring that the 
delay to so doing should be removed with all imagina- 
ble despatch. These communications passed in the 
year 1692. In the following year, he fell on the field 
of battle. "This year," (1693) says O'Conor, "is 
memorable in the annals of the Irish Brigade, for the 
death of Patrick Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan. He had 
been instrumental in bringing over a great part of the 
Irish army to the service of France, and had the com- 
mand of the troops destined for the invasion of Eng- 
land. After the destruction of the French fleet off* 
La Hogue, the Irish troops marched to Alsace ; and 
Sarsfield, at the close of 1692, was ordered to join 
the French army in Flanders under the Duke of Lux- 
embourg ; in 1693, he was killed in the battle of 

• O'Conor's Military Mem, p. 193. 
t O'Callaghan's Brigades, v. 1, p. 64. 

sa&sfield's horse. 141 

Landen, at the head of a French division. He fell 
leading on the charge of strangers ; his contempora- 
ries long deplored the loss of this gallant officer, and 
his memory is still cherished with entlmsiastic admi- 
ration in his native country As a partisan, and 

for desultory warfare, Sarsfield possessed admirable 
qualifications. Brave, patient, vigilant, rapid, indefa- 
tigable, ardent, adventurous, and enterprising ; the 
foremost in the encounter, the last to retreat ; he har- 
rassed his enemy by sudden, unexpected, and gener- 
ally irresistible attacks ; inspiring his troops with the 
same ardour and contempt of danger with which his 
own soul was animated. His valour prolonged the 
contest in Ireland, and if he had but possessed a cor- 
responding degree of military skill, might materially 

have altered the issue of the contest.*** " Patrick 

Sarsfield,** writes a more recent biographer, " may be 
quoted as a type of loyalty and patriotic devotion. In 
the annals of Irish History he stands as a parallel to 
Pierre du Terrail, Chevalier de Bayard, in those of 
France, and may be equally accounted ' sans peur et 
sans reproche.* In his public actions firm and consis- 
tent, in his private character amiable and unblem- 
ished ; attached, by religious conviction and heredi- 
tary reverence for the * right divine * of Kings, to the 
falling House of Stuart, he drew a sharp sword in the 
cause of the Monarch he had been brought up to be- 
lieve his lawful sovereign, and voluntarily followed 

♦ O'Conor's Military Mem. p. 222. 

142 KING James's irish akmt list. 

him into exile when he could wield it no longer.*** 
Arminius was never more popular among the Ger- 
mans than was Sarsfield among the Irish. 

He had married the Lady Honoria de Burgh, 
daughter of the Earl of Clanricarde, by whom he had 
one son, James Edward Francis, of whom see ante^ p. 
27. He fought under his illustrious stepfather, the 
Marshal Duke of Berwick, in Spain, and was honor- 
ably provided for by King Philip the Fifth. The 
Earl of Lucan left also one daughter, who intermar- 
ried with the well-known Baron Theodore de New- 
burgh, King of Corsica. Sarsfield's widow married 
the Duke of Berwick in 1695, by whom she had 
issue as before mentioned. Soon after the death of 
Lord Lucan, in October, 1693, King James appointed 
Donough McCarthy, Earl of Clancarthy, his succes- 
sor in the command of the second troop of Guards.f 
A Captain Peter Drake, of Drake-Rath, County of 
Meath, who left Ireland on the fall of James the 
Second's cause, says in a diary kept by him, " From 
Paris I went (in 1694) to St. Germains, where I met 
with Mrs. Sarsfield, mother of Lord Lucan, and her 
two daughters, Ladies Ejlmallock and Mount Leins- 
ter ; the eldest of whom. Lady Kilmallock, was my 
godmother. These ladies, though supported by small 
pensions," adds the Captain, " received me with great 
generosity, and treated me with much good nature. J 

• Dublin University Magazine, November, 1823. 
t O'Callaghan's Brigades, v. 1, p. 135. 
X Cited, Idem, p. 334. 

sarsfield's horse. 143 

Of the many Sarsfields distinguished in the armies 
of the Continent, see O'Callaghan's History of the 
Irish Brigades, (vol. 1, p. 321) ; but they were, from 
the fact stated, not of Patrick's descendants. 


This noble family claims alliance with most of the 
Royal Houses of Europe ; paternally through the 
Dukes of Lorraine, and maternally through those of 
Normandy. Robert de Courcy accompanied William 
the Conqueror to England, distinguished himself at 
the battle of Hastings, and partook largely of the 
spoils of the conquest, in grants of estates in Somerset 
and Oxford Shires. His lineal descendant. Sir John 
de Courcy, having signalised himself in the wars of 
Henry the Second in England and Gascony, was sent 
into Ireland in 1177, as an assistant to William Fitz- 
Adelm in the government of that country. He it was 
who, having obtained from King Henry the Second, 
while in Ireland, a grant of Ulster, with the naifve 
proviso that he should first subdue it by the force 
of his arms, invaded that province with twenty-two 
Knights, fifty Esquires, and about three hundred foot 
soldiers; where he did such ' service in the English in- 
terest,' that the Annals of the North during his visita- 
tion are but the chronicle of successful carnage. His 


course was traced by ruined districts, depopulated vil- 
lages, desecrated churches ; not, however, without found- 
ing sundry other religious houses in atonement as at 
Neddrum, the Black Abbey, Iniscourcy, Tobberglory, 
&c. His achievements acquired for him the dignity 
of Earl of Ulster, but afterwards incurring the dis- 
pleasure of King John, he was only released from its 
infliction on succeeding against a French Champion 
in a wager of battle, concerning the very important 
political question of the day, the Royal right to Nor- 
mandy. John then also conferred upon him that 
privilege, which has been since sometimes asserted 
by his descendants, of wearing the head covered in 
the presence of Majesty. Henry the Third rewarded 
his son Miles more substantially with the Barony of 
Kinsale. In 1302, Nicholas de Courcy was one of the 
Magnates of Ireland who attended, on summons, 
Richard de Burgo in the wars of Scotland.* 

The Lieutenant-Colonel here under consideration 
was Almericus de Courcy, the twenty-third in the suc- 
cession of that ancient Baronage. He succeeded to 
the title in 1669, being then only five years old, and 
was sent early to Oxford ; where his education was 
conducted under the eye of the famous John Fell, 
Dean of Christ Church, and Bishop of Oxford ; whose 
letters in 1677-8 represent his young Lordship as 
"addicted to the tennis court, proof against all 
Latin assaults, and prone to kicking, beating, and 
domineering over his sisters ; fortified in the 

• Burke's Peerage. 

sarsfield's horse. 145 

conceit that a title of honor was support enough, with- 
out the pedantry and trouble of book-learning."* One 
of these sisters, Ellen, was married to Sir John 
Magrath, of Attivolan, County of Tipperary, who was 
created a Baron under singular circumstances here- 
after alluded to at that name. This Lord's first posi- 
tion in King James's service was as Captain of a 
Troop of Horse ; he was afterwards raised to this 
Lieutenant-Colonelcy in Sarsfield's Regiment, and 
enjoyed the continuance of a pension which had been 
previously granted to the 22nd Lord by Charles the 
Second. He sat as a Peer in the Parliament of 1689 ; 
while in the Commons, on that occasion. Miles de 
Courcy was one of the Representatives of Eansale. 
That Miles was a Captain in Major-General Boiseleau's 
Infantry, as was also Garrett ' Coursey ' and another 
Garrett Coursy, a Lieutenant. 

The Baron was attainted in 1691, but the outlawry 
having been subsequently reversed, he, in October, 
1692, took his seat in the House of Peers of Ire- 
land, and sat a second time in 1719 ; at the close of 
which year (Feb. 9th) he died, and was buried in West- 
minster Abbey. He left no issue, whereupon his 
cousin-german, Myles de 'Coursy,' the Captain in 
Major-General Boiseleau's Foot, succeeded to the 
title, t 

* Catal. Southwell MSS., p. 891. 
t Crossley's Peerage, p. 208. 



Tffls Sept were anciently the territorial proprietors of 
Clan-diannada, a denomination still recognisable in 
the parish of Clan-dermot, County of Deny, over 
which County and that of Donegal the name is still 
extant. It was borne by a late Roman Catholic 
Bishop of Raphoe, Dr. Patrick ' Mc Gettigan.' 


He being one of the French OflScers, as was Lieute- 
nant Rene Mezandine, they and others of that nation 
in the Roll are not within the scope of the present 
Illustrations. Of Captain Rene de Came, however, 
it may be observed that, on the formation of the Irish 
Brigade, called the Queen's Own, this Captain was ap- 
pointed its Lieutenant-Colonel, as before mentioned, 
ante p. 105. 


This is one of the families that branched from 
Gilbert de Angulo, who came into Ireland with 
Strongbow, and altered the name into Nangle in the 
County of Meath, and Nagle in Cork. A Manuscript 
Book of Obits, &c. in Trinity College, Dublin, (F. 3, 
27) gives links of the lineage of the Nagles of 

sarsfield's horse. 147 

Monanimy, County of Cork, for nine generations in 
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The attainders 
of 1642 include the names of Richard Nagle and 
John Nagle of that place. The Declaration of Royal 
gratitude from Charles the Second, for services beyond 
the seas, makes special mention of Pierce Nagle, also 
of Monanimy. In King James's New Charters to 
the Corporations of Ireland, David Nagle was an 
Alderman in that to Cork, wherein Peter Nagle was 
a Burgess. In that to Mallow, Piers, David, and 
Edward were Burgesses ; to Dungarvan, Peter and 
Andrew were named Burgesses, and William Nagle, 
Town Clerk. James was Town Clerk in those to 
Trim and Belturbet. In that to Charleville, David, 
Piers, Richard, John, and James Nagle were named 
Burgesses; while last in that to Youghal, Piers, 
Andrew, and William Nagle were Burgesses ; Sir 
Richard Nagle was an Alderman. 

This latter individual, the most memorable of his 
name at that period, (ofi«n called * Nangle ' in Lord 
Clarendon's Letters) was " an active and skilfol 
lawyer of the Popish party,*** knighted on being 
appointed King James's Attorney-General for Ireland. 
Tyrconnel, who particularly admired his shrewdness, 
brought him with him to England " in June, 1685, 
after having disbanded a great part of the Officers of 
the Irish Army. The Earl Powis, Lord Bellasis, and 

* Leland'fl Ireland, v. 8, p. 515. King says he was originallj 

designed for the Roman Catholic priesthood State of the Pro- 

testania^ p. 73. 



other Lords were so exasperated on being informed of 
Nagle's arrival, that they would have him expelled 
from London immediately. As it was, some time 
elapsed before he was admitted to kiss the King's 
hand ; however, to complete in private what he 
dared not attempt upon the public, it was agreed 
among them that Nagle should set forth, by way of 
a letter to a friend, the great injustice and oppression 
of the Acts of Settlement and Explanation, to open 
a way to their repeal ; the time being now thought 
favourable for that purpose, when the King, who, 
while Duke of York, had always patronised the 
scheme, avowed himself ready to countenance it with 
all his power, and no Parliament was at present 
sitting to control his proceedings. In the following 
year, accordingly, Nagle wrote this letter (October, 
1686) to Tyrconnel, with great virulence and ran- 
cour, and not without a considerable share of sophis- 
try and cunning. He laid the scene at Coventry, 
and introduced it as the fruits of two sleepless hours 
there, whence it took the name of ' the Coventry 
Letter ;' whereas it was the labour of so many weeks 
in London. In this letter he endeavours to show 
some nullities and invalidities in the said Acts, and 
confidently affirmed that it was not for murder or 
rebellion, but for religion that the estates of the 
Irish were sequestered, and mainly insisted on the 
inconvenience that would accrue to the Popish inte- 
rest by the continuance of these Acts. His invectives 
against King Charles the Second were so virulent^ 

sarsfield's horse. 149 

that he dared not to own his production ; but in 
Ireland gave out that he would arrest any man in 
an action of £10,000, who should presume to father 
it on him. Yet afterwards, when Speaker of James's 
Irish Parliament, he pleaded it as a merit, and the 
Repeal of the Acts was urged, founded on his argu- 
ments."* His presence at the Conference which 
Bang James held at Chester, in 1687, was thus 
necessitated ; and accordingly, in the Rolls Office of 
Ireland is preserved a licence of absence to Sir 
Richard Nagle for one month, under the Lord 
Deputy's warrant, dated 18th August, 1687, nine 
days before the King came up to Chester. 

On the assembling of the Parliament of Dublin in 
1689, he was elected their Speaker.f He sat as one 
of the Representatives of Cork, and was, as might be 
expected, one of the most violent impugners of the 
Act of Settlement. In the summer of that year, on 
the retirement of Lord Melfort, he was, by the Duke 
of Tyrconnel's interest, appointed Secretary of State, 
as well as Secretary of War to His Majesty. After 
the defeat at the Boyne, he was one of the Council 
whom King James, on his arrival in Dublin, con- 
vened to advise proceedings. " They were all unani- 
mously of opinion that he should lose no time in 
going to France, otherwise he would run a great risk 
of being taken by the enemy, who they believed 

♦ The original letter was sold in the Southwell MSS. — See 
Thorpe's Catalogue, pp. 223-4. 

t Somers' State Tracts, v. 11, p. 407. 


would be there next morning"* When, after the 
first siege of Limerick, Tyrconnel went over to St. 
Germains, he was accompanied by Sir Richard Nagle, 
the duty of Secretary of State being confided in his 
absence to the newly created Lord Riverston ; he 
returned with the Duke in January, 1690, and, on 
the death of that great man, he feelingly laments 
the event in a letter, August, 1691, to Lord 
Merrion, as " a fatal stroke to this poor country, in 
this nick of time, the enemy being within four miles 
of the town," adding, "he is to be buried privately 
to-morrow, about ten of the clock at night. As he 
appeared always zealous for his country, so his loss is 
at this time extremely pernicious to this poor nation."f 
In the too confident contemplation of his death, a 
Royal Commission had been fore-drawn, providing that 
the Government should, in such event, be administered 
by this Sir Richard Nagle, Francis Plowden, Com- 
missioner of the Revenue (who brought it over), and 
Baron Gawsworth the Lord Chancellor, as Lords 
Justices, with the usual forms. J Sir Richard was 
attainted by no less than seven Inquisitions. Im- 
mediately on his outlawry, an order of the Govern- 
ment issued, " requiring such persons as might 
have papers or books of his in their custody at the 
Castle of Dublin, to deliver same to George Clarke, 
the new Secretary of War.''§ 

* Clarke's James IT., p. 401. 

t O'Callaghan's Excidium Afacatice, p. 472. 

I Idem, pp. 478-9. 

§ Clarke's MSS. T.C.D., Letter ccUu 


In the mean time, Sir Richard preferred adhering 
to the £dlen fortunes of the Stuart^ rather than to 
compromise with the new government. At the petty 
court of St. Germains he still filled the office of 
* Secretary of State for Ireland/ while his son James 
married in that country Margaret, daughter of Colonel 
Walter Butler, one of the Officers of this list here- 
after alluded to. Colonel O'Eelly speaks of Sir 
Richard Nagle as " a person of ability and parts, 
generally believed an honest man ;"* while the Duke 
of Berwick, in his able memoir says, " he was a 
courteous man, of good sense, and well skilled in his 
profession, but by no means versed in the affairs of 
state." Besides the above Captain Francis Nagle, 
there are enrolled in Colonel Gordon O'Neill's Infantry, 
Arthur ' Nagle,' a Lieutenant, as was David Nagle 
in Sir John Barrett's. This David was one of the 
Representatives of Mallow in the Parliament of 1689. 
The Nagles attainted in 1691, were Sir Richard, as 
before mentioned, John Nagle of Dublin, James and 
David of Carrigeen, County of Cork, Andrew of 
Youghal, Piers of Annakissy, Garret of Drummins- 
town, Richard of Shanballymore, all in the County, 
and Peter of the City, of Cork. Sir Richard's for- 
feitures extended over nearly 5000 acres in the 
Baronies of Fermoy and Duhallow in this County, 
also much in Waterford. David Nagle claimed and 
was allowed an estate for lives in Cork lands ; while 
James Nagle, by Michael Kearney his guardian, 

* Exddium Macarice, p. 106. 


claimed certain rights in the Cork lands forfeited by 
Piers of Annakissy, and was allowed same after the 
death of Piers. Joan Butler, alias Everard, also 
claimed the benefit of an assignment of the equity of 
redemption in premises forfeited by said Piers. 

At the battle of Lauffield, in 1747, a Francis 
Nagle, of, it would seem, the kindred of the above 
OflScer, being then a Lieutenant in Bulkeley's 
Brigade, was taken prisoner. 


This Sept were Chiefs of the territory now known 
as the Barony of Tulla, with part of that of Bunratty, 
County of Clare ; and enjoyed the rank of hereditary 
marshals of the O'Briens, Kings of Thomond. They 
were very powerful, and had many castles. In 1402, 
Quin Abbey was founded in this County for Fran- 
ciscan friars by Shedagh Cam Mac Namara, Lord of 
Clan-Cuilein ; who appointed it the burial place for 
himself and his posterity.* In 1408, Henry the 
Fourth granted to Margaret, daughter of ' the Mac Na- 
mara,' of the Irish Nation, that she and all her issue 
might be free, and use the English habit and law. 
In 1496, the Castle of Feyback was taken by the 
Lord Deputy from Eugene Mc Namara. In 1543, 
the Privy Council of Ireland transmitted a recom- 
mendation to the King, advising his Majesty that " an 

* Annals of the Four Masters. 

sarsfield's horse. 153 

Irish Captain, called Shedagh Mac Namara, bordering 
on O'Brien's lands and possessing those of Clan-Cullen 
in Thomond, sought to be advanced to the honor of 
Baron of Clan-Cullen, with his place in Parliament, 
offering, if he obtained such distinction, to hold his 
territory by Knight's service ; and, for that the said 
Mac Namara is a man whose ancestors have in those 
parts always borne a great sway, and one that for 
himself is of honest conformity, and whose lands lie 
wholly on the * fiirside ' of the Shannon, we beseech 
Tour Majesty to regard him, but so as not to entitle 
him or his heirs to any land or dominion on this side 
of the Shannon."* On the occasion of Perrot's Con- 
cilation Parliament of 1585, " there went thither 
Turlogh, son of Teigue, son of Conor O'Brien, and 
the Lord of the western part of Clan-Cullen, namely, 
John Mac Namara, i. e., John the son of Teigue, as 
one of the Knights of Parliament for the County of 
Clare." So say the Four Masters, whose Annals 
abound with notices of this ancient Sept. Daniel 
Mac Namara of Doone and John Mac Namara of Mori- 
orsky were of the Supreme Council that assembled in 
1646 at Kilkenny. 

This Captain John had livery of his estates in the 
County of Clare, out of the Court of Wards in 1637, 
and having been ousted in the civil war of 1641, he 
was, by a clause in the Act of Settlement, restored to 
his principal seat with 2,000 acres of land ; and the 
same statute, in the Declaration which it contains of 

♦ D'Alton 8 County Dublin, p 162. 


Royal gratitude for services during the exile, names 
this Mac Namara as one who, ^^ for reasons known to 
us, in an especial manner merited our grace and 
finrour.'' He would seem to be identical with John 
Mac Namara of Cruttilagh or Oratloe, who was Sheriff 
of Glaxe in 1686-7, and one of its representatives 
in the Irish Parliament of 1689, having previously ob- 
tained, in October, 1685, a patent firom King James 
for erecting the lands of Cratillow into a manor. 

In King James's New Charters, Thomas Macna- 
mara was a Burgess in that to Limerick ; as were 
Florence and John in another to Ennis. Florence 
Macnamara was one of the Deputy Lieutenants of 
the County of Clare, and he was a C^tain in Lord 
Clare's Dragoons, in which Laurence and Daniel 
Macnamara were Quarter-Masters. Hugh Macna- 
mara commanded a troop of Grenadiers in the Earl 
of Tyrone's Infantry ; Miles was a Quarter-Master in 
Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's ; while in Colonel Charles 
O'Brien's, Donogh and Thady Macnamara were 
Captains, and a second Donogh a Lieutenant Teigue 
Macnamara, of the Ayle line of this Sept, raised an 
independent troop for King James's service after the 
battle of the Boyne,* with which he garrisoned the 
Castie of Clare, and held it until the capitulation of 
Limerick ; in the Articles for which he, being included? 
saved his estate and removed to the old family man- 
sion at Ayle.f 

* Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 2, p. 514. 
t Burke's Landed Grentry, p 813. 

sarsfield's horse. 155 

Captain John rose to be a Lieutenant-Colonel in 
this service. He married to his first wife the Lady 
Elizabeth O'Brien, eldest daughter of Murrough, the 
first Eari of Inchiquin. She died in 1688,* when it 
would appear he married a second time the relict of 
Richard Southwell, Esq., father of Sir Thomas South- 
well, afterwards Lord Southwell.f John was outlawed, 
but was subsequently adjudged within the Articles of 
Limerick. Others of the name then attainted were 
Florence Macnamara of Dromore, Donogh of Mohir, 
Thomas of Limerick, and John of Ralshine, County of 

At the Court of Chichester House, John Macna- 
mara, styled of ' Creevagh,' claimed and was allowed 
a mortgage affecting estates of Lord Clare ; as did 
John, the son, heir, and executor of his father James, 
the benefit of a mortgage affecting said estates, and 
his claim was also allowed. Teigue Macnamara 
claimed, in right of his wife, an interest in lands in 
the County of Clare, the forfeiting proprietor of which 
was Redmond Magrath, — but his claim was disal- 
lowed ; as was another claim of his to a £reehold in 
Clare lands, forfeited by Lord Clare, and which 
Teigue claimed, in right of his father, John Macna- 
mara, to whom they had been leased, and who died in 

In 1745 Lieutenant Macnamara, of the Irish Bri- 

♦ ArchdaU's Lodge, v. 6, p. 18. 

t Thorpe's Cat. Southwell MSS., 241. 


gade, was killed in Flanders.* And in two years after 
died in France, John Macnamara, a distinguished 
Admiral in that service ; he was, according to Mac- 
Geoghegan, of the grand military order of St. Louis, 
and Governor of the Port of Rochford. His nephew 
was commander of the ' Frepinne,' in which he took a 
number of valuable prizes.f 


An Inquisition, taken post mortem^ 6th July, 1613, 
at Naas, finds that John Gaydon, alias Gayton, died 
in 1596, seized in fee of a castle, lands, tenements, 
&c. in the town of Irishtown, formerly called Bally- 
spedagh, in the County of Kildare ; and also of the 
Castle, &c. of Strafian, &c. in said County, and of 
the lands of Hatton and Ardrosse therein ; and 
that his heir is Nicholas Gaydon, now aged thirty- 
eight years, and married ; who is in occupation of 
said premises, which he holds in common soccage of 
the heir of a certain John Fannyn, son and heir of 
John Fannyn, Knight. J The outlawries of 1642 
record only of this name John * Gaydon' of Irishtown ; 
it may be presumed a son of the last mentioned 
Nicholas, and identical with the Lieutenant at present 
under consideration. The name seems now extinct 
in Ireland. 

* Gent. Mag. v. 15, p. 276. t Ferrar's Limerick, p. 349. 
{ Inq. in Cane. Hib. 

sarsfield's horse. 157 


This name is of record in Ireland in the fourteenth 
century, and in the seventeenth was one of tenure 
at Mortellstown in the County of Tipperary ; of 
which place it will be remembered was Thomas St. 
John, who signed the Petition of 1661, ante^ page 
8 ; but nothing worth relating has been discovered 
of this individual or of the name, except that, at the 
Court of Chichester House in 1703, a James St. John 
claimed and was allowed an estate for lives in Carlow 
lands forfeited by Dudley Bagnall. A Lieutenant 
St. John is said to have submitted to the Government 
of King William ; and it is not unlikely that this 
officer was the person, as well by the absence of his 
name from the KoU of Attainders, as by the presump- 
tion that he was the above claimant. His name 
appears to be also now extinct in Ireland. 


This name, in various modes of spelling, is traced 
in Irish records from Edward the Third. In 1357, 
John ' de Lecestere,' was nominated Attorney-General 
for Ireland. In 1402, William * Lyster' was appoint- 
ed to the office of ' Water-Bailly' of Ulster, with a 
Clerkship of the Escheats in said County ; he had also 


a grant of lands in the County of Dublin, for the 
term of his life. 

At its dissolution, the Religious House of Kil- 
carmick, in O'Mulloy's Country, (the King's County) 
having vested in the Crown, was granted by James 
the First, soon after his accession, to Robert Ley- 
cester, Grent. with sundry lands in said country. He 
subsequently passed patent more extensively for Cas- 
tles, Abbeys, Chiefries, and Lands in the several 
Counties of Wicklow, Westmeath, Limerick, Sligo, 
Donegal, Fermanagh, and Tyrone, with licences for 
fairs and markets, &c. The estates in the King's 
County (some of which, as Killishell, were parcel of 
the estates of the O'Connors of that County, attainted) 
remained in his descendants until forfeited by the 
above Lieutenant Thomas. His forfeitures in that 
County alone comprised two thousand three hundred 
acres ; his father, John Leicester, also forfeited con- 
siderable interests therein. A Funeral Entry of 1684 
in the Office of Arms of Dublin describes this latter indi- 
vidual as " John Leicester of Kilcormick in the King's 
County, son of Robert, son of Robert, son of John, 
son of John. The first mentioned John died last day 
of March, and was buried 10th of April at Ballyboy 
in said County. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Tyrrel of Simon's Court, County Westmeath, 
second son of Richard Tyrrell of Kilbride ; by whom 
he had issue one son, Thomas (the above Lieutenant), 
and two daughters, Mary and Joane. This Funeral 
Entry is, as required, testified by Edward Tyrrel, 

sarsfield's horse. 159 

brother [in law] of the deceased. Lieutenant Tho- 
mas was, therefore, it would appear, the great grand- 
son of Robert, the patentee of 1604, who, from an 
examination of the lineage of the Leicesters of Toft 
Hall in Cheshire, was probably one of the younger 
sons of Sir George (who died in 1612), by Alice, 
eldest daughter of Peter Leicester of Tabley. The 
Inquisition, taken on his attainder, describes him as 
late of Ballyboy in the King's County, and to have 
been seised of about one thousand acres in that 
County, including Corraghmore, Ballycollane, Gur- 
teen. Dune, Eilleshill, Eilduff, and the town and 
lands of the Monastery of Kilcormick, with a mill, 
market, and &ir to the latter appertaining. 


This surname does not occur again in the List, 
nor does it at all appear in the Roll of Outlawries ; 
where, however, some Meaghs and Meyaghs do. The 
name of * May owe* is in the Chancery Rolls, as in 
Kerry, in the fourteenth century. That of ' Mayhew' 
also occurs in Irish records of about the same period ; 
and, in a Roll of Amerceaments of Fines laid upon 
Sheriflfe, Mayors, Seneschals, &c., of record in the 
Chief Remembrancer's Office, is one of Geoffirey 
^Mayhoo' in 1428. 



Neither does this name appear again on the List, 
nor in the attainders of the period. On the 21st of 
December, 1690, Thomas * Haghton' was appointed 
to the office of Second Sergeant at Arms, and on the 
28th March following had a grant of the office of 
Clerk of the Crown and Peace of the County of Dub- 
lin.* A certain George Haughton obtained, in the 
time of Charles the Second, a fiat for a grant of the 
manor, town and lands of Bame, in the County of 
Longford ; but died in 1682, before obtaining pos- 
session, leaving George Haughton, Junior, his son 
and heir, then a minor of but five years of age. 
It is just possible that, in the enthusiasm of the 
period, he, though only thirteen years of age at the 
time of this campaign, may have been the above 
Cornet Greorge. George junior was, during his 
life, involved in litigation concerning the said 
manor of Bame, and died in 1732, seised of two 
other manors, that of Bormount in Wexford, and 
Eilthorpe in Rutlandshire, England.f 


Neither is this name again on the List, nor in the 

* Rolls Office. t Appeal Cases. 

sarsfield's nORSE. 161 


This family is descended from an ancient and 
honorable stock of Norman extraction. They were 
possessed of lands in Ireland from the time of the 
Invasion, and in the County where it first found 
footing. In 1365, John 'Synath' was one of the 
influential proprietors of this County (Wexford) 
directed by the Crown, according to the custom of 
the time, to elect its Sheriffi Sir John Synnot, after 
the Desmond war, passed out of Ireland to foreign 
parts.* In 1607, William Synnatt of Ballyfemock 
had a grant of various lands within the district of 
O'Murrough's Country (County of Wexford), "with 
certain custom sheep, called summer sheep, and cer- 
tain ^akates^ upon and in O'Murrough's Country, 
where the said lands lie ; with all other customs, 
duties, and hereditaments to same belonging, and 
which came to King Edward the Sixth by the attain- 
der of Donell O'Murrough.^f This grant was subse- 
quently renewed to his son Walter Synnott. In 

1649, David Synnot was Governor of Wexford when 
that town was besieged by Cromwell ; and in its gal- 
lant though unsuccessful defence he lost his life. In 

1650, Oliver Synnot came over in commission from 
the Duke of Lorraine, on the occasion of his Grace's 

♦ Manuscripts T.C.D., E 3, 15. 
t Pat. Roll in Cane. Hib. 


162 KING James's irish army list. 

memorable proffer of aid to the Royal cause.* This 
same Oliver, it would appear, was in the following 
year Commander of the Fort of Ardkyn in the Isle of 
Arran.f No other Synnott appears in this Army 
List, and, from the 'Landed Gentry^ of Sir Bernard 
Burke (f. 1347), this Quarter-Master William would 
seem to have been of the Ballytramoi^ line. 

In King James's Charters, Dominick Synnot was 
an Alderman in that to Waterford ; Richard a Bai- 
liff in that to Wexford ; and, on the Establishment of 
1687-8, James Synnot was placed for a pension of £50. 

The outlawries of 1691 comprise the names of 
John * Sinnott' of Middletown, County of Wexford ; 
as also of James and Richard Synnott of Wexford, 
Richard and Walter ' Sinnott' of Church town, Ross- 
beare ; Stephen ' Sinnott' of Ballynant, Pierce ' Sin- 
nott' of House wood, and John Synnott of Kilcotty, 
all in the County of Wexford ; with Francis Synnott 
of Waterford, and Michael Synnott of Graigue, County 
of Leitrim. 


The Norman surname of 'Le Devenys,' is of the earli- 
est introduction into Ireland. In 1302, Nicholas 
*Deveneys' had military summons for the Scottish 
war. In 1308, William 'de Devenys' was one of the 

* O'Conor's Hist Address, part 2. p. 446. 
t Hardiman's Galway, p. 319. 


Justices of the Irish Bench ; and in the same year, 
John 'Le Devenys' had livery of seisin of his lands 
there, as holding in capite from the Crown. In 1356, 
Maurice and Nicholas Devenys were of the influential 
proprietors of Kilkenny, who in that year elected John 
Fitz-Oliver de la Freyne into the Shrievalty of their 
County. In 1488, Richard Devenys did homage to 
Sir Richard Edgecombe at Kinsale.* In 1509, Pet^r 
'Devenish' was a prebendary of Saggard, in St. 
Patrick's Cathedral; and, while in that office, witnessed 
the surrender of the possessions of Glendalough to the 
See of Dublin.t 

An old Family Pedigree, however, derives this 
Quarter-master from Sir John Devenish of Hellen- 
leagh in England, a descendant of whom, Edmund 
Devenish, came to Ireland in 1512, and married a 
daughter of Sir Roland Penthony. Their eldest son 
George, the first of the family born in Ireland, built 
the large mansion in the town of Athlone, (hence 
known to a very recent period as Court Devenish) 
where he settled ; and, marrying Cecilia, daughter of 
Thomas Fitzgerald, was the lineal ancestor of the 
above Sylvester, as well as of George and Thomas 
Devenish, who were attainted with him in 1691, all 
being described as 'of Athlone, County Westmeath.' 
From said George, likewise sprung the existing 
family of Devenish of Rush-hill and Mountpleasant, 
in the County of Roscommon. Edmund, who mar- 

* Harrises Hibernica, part 2, p. 36. 
f D' Alton's Archbishops of Dublin. 

M 2 


ried Miss Penthony, had by her a second son, James, 
who was seised of premises in the County of Dublin, 
in 1637, and was the ancestor of Major-General John 
James Devenish, in 1728 Governor of Courtray in 
the Low Countries. 

It is to be observed that a Major Devenish is noted 
in the Raicdon Papers (p. 355) as having been killed 
in this campaign, in William's service ; while a de- 
spatch of the Duke of Marlborough in 1716, from the 
camp before Dundermond, mentions that a Colonel 
Devenish had proffered to bring over an Irish regi- 
ment to the Allies from the service of the ' Enemy,' a 
proposal which was afterwards entertained.* 





Comets. Quarter. Masters. 

The Colonel. 


Thomas Corbet, 


Gerald Aylmer. 

Nicholas Bellew. 

John Hnrlin. 

John Rice. 

Thomas Hiffernan. 

Gerald Dillon. 

Thomas Boorke. 

Charles Redmond. 

* Murray's Marlborough Despatches, v. 3, p. 117. 



The Illustrious House of Hamilton claims descent 
from Bernard, a noble of the blood Royal of Saxony, 
second in command to RoUo, the renowned Duke of 
Normandy, at the close of the ninth century. Hum- 
phrey, the great grandson of this nobleman, lived in the 
eleventh, founded and endowed the Abbey of Preaux 
in Normandy, and was there buried. His son, Roger 
de Beaumont, was one of the council who encouraged 
William the Conqueror to invade England ; and 
Roger's son, Robert, married the grand-daughter of 
Henry the First, King of France, commanded the 
right wing of the Conqueror's army at the great bat- 
tle of Hastings, and was created Earl of Leicester in 
1103. Robert, the third Earl of Leicester, grandson 
of the first, died and was buried in Greece on his 
return from the Holy Land in 1190. His sister, 
having been married to the Earl of Pembroke, was 
mother of ' Strongbow.' The eldest son of the last 
named Robert died without issue ; his second son, 
Roger, was Bishop of St. Andrews ; and his third son, 
William, having been born at Hambledon in Leicester- 
shire, took his surname ' de Hamilton ' from that 
place, and was the more especial stock of the widely 
extended families of the name. About the year 
1215, having gone into Scotland to visit his sister, 
who was married to the Earl of Winton, he was 
there well received by the Scottish King, under 

166 KING James's irish army list. 

whose favour he settled there, and intermarried with 
the daughter and representative of the Earl of 
Strathem. His son, Sir Gilbert, married Isabella, 
niece to Sir Robert Bruce, and their son particularly 
distinguished himself at Bannockburn, on whose field 
he was knighted. It is of family tradition that Sir 
Gilbert, the younger son of this knight, having spoken 
in honorable terms of Robert Bruce at the Court of 
King Edward in 1325, received a taunting insult 
from John de Spencer, and a rencontre was the con- 
sequence, in which the latter fell. Hamilton, there- 
upon, a stranger as he was, apprehensive of court 
influence and resentment against him, fled for Scot- 
land ; when, being closely pursued into a forest, he 
and his servant change^l clothes with two wood- 
cutters, and, taking their Kaw, were cutting through 
an oak tree when their purwui^rs came up. Perceiving 
his servant's attention UMt much fixed upon them, he 
hastily reminded him of the part he was to act, by the 
word ^through;' rebuked by which presence of mind, 
the servant resumed his work, the pursuers passed 
unsuspectingly, and Sir Gilbert adopted the call 
^throughy with the oak tree and saw, as his motto and 
crest. Such were the armorials of the Earl of Aber- 
com, and the many Hamiltons that succeeded of that 
stock. Soon after Sir Gilbert's arrival in Scotland, he 
obtained a grant of the Barony of Cadzow in Lanark- 
shire, thenceforth called Hamilton.* In 1346, Sir 
David ' Huml)l('t()n ' of Cadzow, accompanied King 

* Soc ArchdalTs Lodged Piiorago, v. 5, p. 88 ct soq. 

abercorn'8 horse. 167 

David Bruce to the battle of Durham, where he was 
taken prisoner with his Royal master ; but having 
been soon after ransomed, he was one of the * Mag- 
nates Scotise,' who assembled at Scone to acknowledge 
John, Earl of Carrick, eldest son of King Robert the 
Second, to be undoubted heir to the throne. In 1445, 
Sir John Hamilton, grandson of the before mentioned 
Sir David of Cadzow, was joined with the Earl of 
Angus in the command of the Royal Army, on the 
memorable occasion when the Earl of Douglas was 
totally routed. In 1474, Sir James Hamilton, Lord 
Hamilton of Cadzow, the lineal descendant of William 
who first assumed the name, was married to the Prin- 
cess Mary, eldest daughter of James the Second, King 
of Scotland. His daughter married the Earl of 
Lennox and Damley, and was thus the ancestress 
of James the Second of this campaign. 

Having so far written of this noble family in Scot- 
land, its introduction into Ireland in the time of 
James the First, and its rapid and honorable exten- 
sion over that kingdom to the time of the Revolution, 
are subjects of more native interest. In 1698, Hans 
Hamilton, the lineal descendant of the Lords of Cad- 
zow, died minister of Dunlop in Scotland. His eldest 
son, James Hamilton, was the first of the family who 
settled in Ireland in his father's life-time, having been 
sent thither with James Fullarton, by James the Sixth, 
afterwards the First of England, to encourage his ad- 
herents and secure his interest in that country. The 
more prudently to efiectuate which object, and not to 

168 KING James's irish army list. 

obtrude the real motives of their mission, they 
assumed the character and office of school-masters, 
and actually presided over that Grammar-school 
where Primate Usher received his rudiments, and 
from which he entered Trinity College under said 
James Hamilton, then a Fellow of tliis University. 
King James, on his accession to the Crown of Eng- 
land, rewarded the services of this his agent by exten- 
sive grants of lands in the County of Down, and con- 
ferred on him successively the honour of Knighthood 
and the titles of Viscount Claneboy and Earl of Clan- 
brassil, which title became extinct on the failure of 
his line in his grandson Viscount Claneboy. The 
Earl also acquired considerable estates in the County 
of Louth, by assignment from Sir Nicholas Bagnal, 
and having invited his brothers from Scotland to par- 
ticipate in the advantages which his rank, property 
and influence gave him in Ireland, five of them accord- 
ingly came over. Of these, Archibald, the second 
son of Hans, became the ancestor of the Hamiltons of 
Killileagh and Killough ; Gawen, the third son, was an- 
cestor of Robert Hamilton of Kildare ; John Hamilton, 
the fourth son, settling in Armagh, married Sarah, 
daughter of Sir Robert Brabazon, and from their 
union sprang the Hamiltons of Mount Hamilton, 
County of Carlow, those of Sheep Hill, County of 
Dublin, and of Rock-Hamilton, County of Down. 
William Hamilton, the fifth son of Hans, was ancestor 
of the lines of Bangor, Tyrella, Balbriggan, and Tolly- 
more ; as was Patrick Hamilton of the Hamiltons of 

abercorn's horse. 169 

Granshaw, and Mount Clithero, some of whom 
returned to Scotland, while others are yet established 
in the Barony of Ardes. 

In 1615, James Hamilton of Cadzow acquired the 
manor of Drumkea, with the Islands in the County of 
Fermanagh ; which he afterwards sold to John Arch- 
dall, who took out a fresh patent thereof Robert 
Hamilton likewise then acq;uired considerable estates 
in that County, and Sir Claud Hamilton became 
seized of upwards of 3,000 acres in the County of 
Cavan, as were other members of this family of differ- 
ent tracts therein. In 1618, James, the second Earl 
of Abercorn, eldest son of the first, was created Lord 
Hamilton, Baron of Strabane ; which honor was how- 
ever, on his Lordship's petition, transferred to his next 
brother, the Honorable Claud Hamilton, who had 
married a daughter of the first Marquis of Huntly, 
and died in 1638, leaving by her Sir James, his eldest 
son. Lord Strabane, who was drowned in 1655 ; when 
the title devolved upon Claud, the fourth Lord Stra- 
bane, and fifth Earl of Abercorn, he having been the 
son and heir of George Hamilton, (the brother of 
James) by a sister of Richard Fagan of Feltrim, 
hereafter mentioned, a Captain in the Royal Regiment 
of Infantry ; and this Earl Claud was the Colonel of 
the present Regiment of Horse. 

Other sons of James, the first Earl of Abercorn, 
besides James the second Earl, and Claiide the third, 
were Sir William Hamilton, who died s.p., and George 
of Dunalong, created a Baronet of Ireland in 1660, for 

170 KING James's irish army list. 

his services to the Royal cause. His issue will be 
alluded to hereafter. The Acts of Settlement and 
Explanation, in 1662-5, contained a saving for 
arrears due to this Sir George, and also an appropri- 
ation of one third of the estate of Sir Nicholas 
Plunkett for him. In 1673, he was commissioned by 
the Earl of Essex, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 
on the King's order, to recruit a Regiment of Infantry 
for the service of France, which was ultimately raised 
and did active duty under Turenne on the Rhine, in 
that year and the ensuing.* 

The Colonel at present under consideration 
attended King James from France to Ireland ; on 
his arrival in Dublin, was sworn of the Privy Council, 
and sat in the Parliament of 1689.t He was 
engaged in Lord Mount-Cashers unsuccessful expedi- 
tion against the Enniskilleners, and was wounded on 
that occasion. On the 28th of April, 1688, when 
James Hamilton, who afterwards succeeded to the 
Peerage, had brought arms and ammunition into 
Derry, this Lord Claud, says Walker, in his work on 
the siege, (p. 23) " came up to our walls, making us 
many proposals and offering his King's pardon, protec- 
tion, and favour, if we would surrender the town; but 
these fine words had no place with the Garrison." 
After the defeat at the Boyne, when the Duke of Ber- 
wick sought to rally about 7,000 foot at Brazeel, near 
Dublin, three of the troops, sent out by King James 

* O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 87. 
t Somers' State Tracts, v. 11, p. 434. 

abercorn's horse. 171 

to cover his retreat, were of Abercorn's Horse. This 
colonel himself subsequently embarked for France 
with James, but lost his life on the voyage. He was 
attainted in 1691, the earliest act of his treason 
having been assigned to the 1st of March, 1688. The 
Inquisition held on his outlawry at Strabane, finds 
him to have been seized of an immense tract of 
townlands in the County of Tyrone, with sundry 
chief rents and tenements. On his attainder, the 
estates and title of Strabane became forfeited, but the 
Earldom descended to his brother Charles, who, far- 
ther obtaining a reversal of Lord Claud's outlawry, 
succeeded to the restored title of Strabane, and died 
in 1701 without issue, when the honours and estates 
devolved upon his kinsman, 


Who had been in the military service and confidence 
of James the Second, but, espousing the cause of Wil- 
liam, took, as before suggested, a distinguished part 
at the siege of Derry against his former master.* He 
arrived in that city on the 20th of March, 1688, from 
England, with arms and ammunition for the citizens, 
and a Conmiission for Colonel Lundy to be Governor; 
whereupon William and Mary were proclaimed the 
sovereigns in that city. In June, 1690, previous to 

* Burke's Peerage, pp. 1 & 2. 


the battle of the Boyne, this James Hamilton was ixj- 
commended to the especial notice of Sir Robert South- 
well, then King William's Irish Secretary, by a letter 
from Colonel Fitz-patrick, in which he said, " the 
bearer hereof. Colonel James Hamilton, married the 
Earl of Monmouth's sister ; he has the best estate of 
all the Hamiltons in the North of Ireland, is a very 
rational and well affected gentleman, and as such I 
recommend him to you. If there he any occasion to 
employ stick men, you will find him an honest sober 
man."* On the death of Colonel Lord Claud in 1701, 
this latter individual succeeded to the titles, and in 
1706 took his seat in the Scottish Parliament. Ire- 
land however was his usual place of residence, and of 
that realm he was in December, 1701, created Baron 
Mountcastle and Viscount Strabane. He had 
married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert 
Reading, Baronet, of Dublin, by whom he had nine 
sons and four daughters, and died in November, 

There were various other Hamiltons concerned at 
each side in this unfortunate Civil War. On James's 
side were also, 


Of whose policy, the Commissioners, who were sent 

♦ Thorpe's Cat. SouthweU MSS., p. 179. 
f Burke's Peerage, p. 2. 

abercorn's horse. 173 

over to St. Gemiains to complain of Tyrconnel, 
expressed great dissatisfaction * they considering it 
temporising. His name appears on the establishment 
of 1687-8, as one of the Brigadiers on pay of £497 
10s. He was a Roman Catholic, the fifth son of the 
aforesaid Sir George Hamilton of Donalong, and had 
served with considerable reputation in France ; but 
was banished from that country on account of his un- 
pardonably aspiring addresses to the Princess de 
Conti, the daughter of the French King. He was the 
officer whom Tyrconnel entrusted with the command 
of 2,500 men, to make head against the rebels in 
Ulster, and whose partial success against them at 
Dromore, and forcing them back to Coleraine, was the 
first auspicious intelligence which King James 
learned on his arrival in Dublin. He forced the pass 
at Clareford, " his horse swimming across the water, 
because the enemy had broke the bridge :"! and had 
afterwards the important confidential command of the 
army besieging Deny. On the 15th June, 1689, he 
caused the boom to be drawn across the Foyle, to pre- 
vent the entry of expected vessels for the relief of 
that city. It was by his advice King James took the 
precaution of stationing Sir Neill O'Neill, with his 
Dragoons, at the ford of the Boyne near Slane,J and on 
the day of the battle he led a Regiment of Infantry to 
the very margin of that river, to oppose the passage 
of King William's forces. In the last charge, he was 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 423. f l^em, v. 2, p. 331. 
X D'Alton s Drogheda, v. 2, p. 823. 

174 KING James's irish army list. 

routed, wounded and taken prisoner. On the close of 
the campaign he betook himself to France, where, in 
1696, at Calais, the^oyal Exile, possibly under some 
expectation of an invasion for the assertion of his 
restoration, confirmed him Lieutenant-General of his 
forces, and in a few days after appointed him Master of 
the Robes.* Leslie says that throughout his^ service 
in Ulster he zealously protected the Protestants, and 
kept his soldiers under strict discipline-f 

Another officer of this name and service, but not 
commissioned on this Roll, though afterwards ap- 
pointed the Lieutenant-Colonel of Lord Mount- 
CasheFs Infantry, was 


He had distinguished himself in the command of the 
Regiment which his father. Sir George Hamilton of 
Dunalong, had, as before mentioned, raised in 1673, 
and was honored with the rank of Major-General by 
the French King. In 1676, he served under the 
Duke of Luxemburg in Alsace. (See of him, post^ 
at Lord Mount-CasheFs Infantry.) He had a brother 
the more remarkable and truly gallant 


Of whom, although not strictly within the proposed 

• Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 643. 
t Leslie's Answer to King. 

abercorn's horse. 175 

scope of these Illustrations, it may be said that, 
having been, some years previous to this Civil War, 
banished on account of his persecuted creed from the 
Court of Charles the Second, he commanded an Irish 
Regiment under Louis the Fourteenth, and was 
engaged in the campaigns of 1673-5 under Marshal 
Turenne. In the latter year, when Turenne fell by 
a cannon ball, the French army was saved from utter 
destruction by this gaUant Irishman, as very fully and 
graphically detailed in O'Conor's ^Recollections of Swit- 
zerland.^ In 1676, he was serving under the Prince 
de Conde ; but on the march towards Sauveme, was 
killed in the neighbourhood of Zebernstieg, with a 
large part of the three Regiments which he commanded, 
and but for whose gallant conduct the French would, 
as on the former occasion, have been entirely cut 

So numerous nevertheless were the Hamiltons, who 
espoused the cause of King William, even before his 
coming over to Ireland, that, in King James's Parlia- 
ment of May, 1689, no le3s than forty-six of the name 
were attainted or otherwise proscribed. Colonel Gus- 
tavus Hamilton, it may be mentioned, particularly 
distinguished himself for William at the battle of the 
Boyne ; and yet more signally by wading through the 
Shannon, and storming the town of Athlone, at the 
head of the English Grenadiers. 

George Hamilton, fifth son of the Earl of Selkirk? 
likewise distinguished himself at the Boyne under the 
same Monarch, as well as at Aughrim in 1691, at 


Steenkirk in 1692, and at Landen in the following 
year. By reason of all which and other military 
achievements, he was in 1695 advanced to the Peerage 
as Earl of Orkney, and had grants of a considerable 
proportion of the private estates of King James in 
Ireland. In 1704, he acquitted himself heroically at 
the battle of Blenheim ; in 1706, was at the siege of 
Menin ; in 1708, commanded the van of the army at 
the passing of the Scheldt, assisted at the siege of 
Tournay, was at the battle of Malplaquet, and render- 
ed numerous other services, which were rewarded with 
a succession of honors to the time of his death in 

In 1691, Henry Hamilton of Baillieborough, 
(lineal ancestor of James Hans Hamilton, Esq. of 
Sheep-Hill, one of the present Members of Parliament 
for the County of Dublin,) was killed on the walls of 
Limerick. The outlawries of this year exhibit the 
names of the above Earl of Abercorn, Darby Hamil- 
ton of Athlone ; John, Richard, and Anthony Hamil- 
ton of Dublin ; Robert of Hamilton's-Bawn, County 
of Armagh ; and Richard and John Hamilton of 
Pennyburn-Mill, County of Londonderry. In 1693, 
a petition was got up on behalf of the British Protes- 
tants of Ireland, setting forth their services in estab- 
lishing English Government, and suggesting that, as 
intentions were avowed by certain outlawed exiles, of 
bringing writs of error to reverse their attainders, the 
petitioners therefore prayed securities from the Legis- 
lature against any such attempts. This document 

abercorn's horse. 177 

was signed by James Hamilton, M.P. for the 
Borough of Tullamore, another James Hamilton, one 
of the Representatives of the County of Down, and 
Hans Hamilton, M.P. for Killileagh.* 

At the Court of Claims in 1700, the charges which 
were sought to be established against this Earl of 
Abercorn's estates were, by William Hamilton, who 
claimed, and was allowed, as " grandson and heir of 
William, who was son and heir of William Hamilton," 
a fee farm by descent in the Tyrone lands forfeited by 
the Earl. James Hamilton, senior, claimed and was 
allowed sundry other interests therein, as was also 
John Hamilton ; while Lady Elizabeth, Baroness Dow- 
ager of Strabane, claimed dower thereoff ; and many 
creditors and sub-lessees petitioned for the benefit of 
their several interests. Colonel Gustavus Hamilton 
also sought and was allowed the amount of sundry 
bond-debts against this estate. On the same occasion, 
Anne Hamilton, widow of Sir Robert Hamilton, 
Knight, and others, as Executors of James Hamilton 
deceased, claimed and were allowed a judgment debt 
charged on the estates of Valentine Russell attainted. 


Is particularly mentioned hereafter, as the Colonel of 
an Infantry Regiment. 

• Rawdon Papers, pp. 372-3. 


In relation to the Balbriggan Hamiltons, (sprung 
from William, the fifth son, as before mentioned, of 
the Keverend Hans Hamilton, the lineal descendant 
of the Lords of Cadzow,) Alexander, who from the 
year 1739 to 1760 represented the Borough of Kil- 
lileagh in the Irish Parliament, became the purchaser 
of Balbriggan, which passed on his decease to his 
son, the Honorable George Hamilton, member of Par- 
liament for Belfast, afterwards a Baron of the Ex- 
chequer, and yet more distinguished for public spirit 
in promoting the trade and welfare of his country. 
He died at Oswestry in 1793, and was buried in the 
family vault at Balrothery. Alexander had another 
son, Hugh, a Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, Dean 
of Armagh, next advanced to the See of Clonfert, and 
afterwards to that of Ossory. On the Baron's death, 
the Balbriggan property descended to his son, the 
Reverend George Hamilton, and from him to his son, 
George Alexander Hamilton, heretofore a member of 
Parliament for the City of Dublin, and now for its 
University. He is the lineal descendant in the 
twenty-fifth degree from Bernard, the nobleman of 
Saxony noticed as the founder of the Family of 
Hamilton ; and this long line of ancestry could not be 
more proudly represented in honour, integrity, and 
honesty of purpose than by George Alexander Hamil- 

abercorn's horse. 179 


This surname is traced on Irish record from the time 
of Edward the Third, in which reign John ' Corbett ' 
was 'Constable' of the Castle of Limerick. It is not, 
however, associated with the character of achieve- 
ment that marks the chief families of this ' List.' In 
1655, Miles Corbet, one of the Regicides, of whom a 
full account is given in ' The History of the County 
of Dublin^ (p. 194) was appointed Chief Baron of 
the Irish Exchequer, and was subsequently one of the 
Commissioners of the Great Seal of Chancery. The 
above Major Thomas, having risen in the campaign, 
appears to have been the 'Lieutenant-Colonel Cor- 
bet,' who, according to Story, " came to De Ginkle, 
and proposed the bringing over of Tyrconnel's and 
Gralmoy's Regiments of Horse, and out of them to 
make one good regiment to serve their Majesties in 
Flanders," provided he should have the command. 

Another Corbet was appointed Major of 

Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Infantry, as noted post. 


This family, (which deduces its descent from Saxon 
times, from Ailmer Earl of Cornwall, who lived in the 
reign of King Ethelred,) settled in the County of 
Kildare at the close of the thirteenth centuiy. In 

N 2 


1525, Sir (Jerald Aylmer was advanced to the Chief 
Justiceship of the Common Pleas, and in 1535, was 
made Chief Baron ; in which latter year Richard 
Aylmer was appointed Chief Sergeant of the County 
of Kildare. He was then residing at Lyons in that 
County, which became thenceforth, as in truth it had 
long previously been, the ancestral seat of the elder 
stock. 'From him in the direct line descended George 
Aylmer, hereafter alluded to as a Captain in Colonel 
Roger Mac EUigott's Infantry. Gerald, the third son 
of Richard, settled at Donadea, was knighted in 1605, 
became a Baronet in 1621, and his line is still re- 
presented in Sir Grerald George Aylmer of Donadea 
Castle, Premier Baronet ; while another, that of Bal- 
rath or Dollardstown, was founded by the Right 
Honourable Gerald Aylmer, Knight, second son of 
Bartholomew Aylmer of Lyons. lie was appointed 
one of the Justices of the Common Pleas in Ireland 
in 1532; promoted to the Exchequer in 1534; in 
1535, further elevated to the Chief Justiceship of the 
Common Pleas ; in which latter year, on the occasion 
of the Battle of Bellahoa, where the forces of the Pale 
defeated O'Neill, this Chief Justice was, with Talbot 
of Malahide and the Mayors of Dublin and Drogheda, 
respectively knighted on the field ; and, as Cox 
observes, "well they merited the honor for their good 
service in obtaining so great a victory, which broke 
the power of the North and quieted the borders for 
some years."* In 1553, he was appointed Lord Chief 

♦ D' Alton s Drogheda, v. 2, p. 193. 

abercorn's horse. 181 

Justice of the Queen's Bench. His descendant, Mat- 
thew Aylmer, a distinguished naval oflScer, was in 
1692 appointed Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron, 
and sent to the Mediterranean, where he acquired 
great reputation by his management in arranging 
treaties with the various states of Northern Africa. 
He for some time represented Dover in Parliament, 
and was raised to the Peerage of Ireland in 1718, by 
the title of Lord Aylmer, Baron of Balrath, a dignity 
which still exists. Of his line was the above Captain 

On the dissolution of Monasteries, Nicholas Aylmer 
acquired parcels of the possessions of the respective 
religious houses of Monasterevan and Naas, County of 
Kildare, and of the Commandery of Knights Hospital- 
lers of Killure, County of Waterford. Garret Aylmer 
was one of the gentry who attended in 1641 the 
meeting on Crofty Hill. 

The Act of Settlement (1662) contained a saving 
for Sir Andrew Aylmer of Donadea of his estate, while 
the clause of Royal Thanks therein, for " services 
beyond the seas," includes the name of Captain Gar- 
ret Aylmer. 

In Colonel Roger Mac Elligott's Infantry, George 
Aylmer was, as before suggested, a Captain ; while 

Peter Aylmer was a Lieutenant. At the siege of 

Deny in 1689, Sir Garret Aylmer was taken prisoner, 
nor was he released on exchange until May, 1691.* 
^The Aylmers attainted in the last year were 

• Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 76. 


Gerald or Garret Aylmer of Balrath, George Ayl- 
raer of Caronstown, Christopher and Richard of Senes- 
chalstown, Garret of Lyons, George of Dublin, Gar- 
ret of Pennybum-mill, County of Deny, Knight, and 
Lady Ellen Aylmer of Sallins. Sir Gerald Aylmer 
was held entitled to the benefit of the Articles of 
Limerick^ as were also Peter Aylmer and Colonel 

George (of whom post). In 1705, a 'Mr. Aylmer,' 

having memorialled for leave to return to Ireland, 
his petition was referred to Sir Richard Cox, who at 
the close of September in that year writes, " I don't 
see any great difficulty in it ; he must by Act of Par- 
liament pay 40 shillings per annum to a Free 
School, and his licence costs about 30s. to the several 
officers ; and it cannot be of any consequence, that a 
few silly fellows may be suffered to eat potatoes and 
spend their money in their native country.'' A few 
days after he writes, '' I won't bum my fingers about 
Aylmer ; if there be any difficulty in it, let it alone." 

At the Battle of Lauffield, in 1747, 'Elmer,' a 
Lieutenant in Clare's Regiment, was wounded. 


This name is recognised in Ireland since the thirteenth 
century. In 1294, John Rice was Lord Treasurer of 
this Kingdom. In the fifteenth, the name appears 
amongst the Corporate Officials of Limerick, of which 
town, Walter Rice was Mayor in 1520. In the reign 

abercorn's horse. 183 

of Elizabeth, Stephen Rice came over as an under- 
taker, and settled at Dingle in Kerry, which County 
he represented in the Parliaments of King James the 
First. He married Ellen Trant, and died in 1622, as 
commemorated by an old gravestone in the churchyard 
of Dingle, whereon it is stated that his age at the 
time of his decease was 80 years, and that his ' loyal 
wife,' EUena Trant, who died five years before him, 
lies there also. — His eldest son and heir, James Rice, 
stiled of Ballinruddell, first married Eleanor, daughter 
of Robert White of Limerick, and secondly, Phillis 
Fanning of Limerick, by which last wife he left issue 
eight sons and three daughters. His eldest son, James, 
who succeeded to the family estate, was attainted in 

1 642, and his confiscation was granted to 

MuUins ; while James's son and heir, Edward Rice, 
(who was one of the Confederate Catholics at Kilken- 
ny in 1646), marrying Alice, daughter of Sir William 
Sheircliffe, one of Cromwell's officers, acquired through 
her the estate of Castle-Gregory, theretofore forfeited 
by one of the Husseys. Stephen Rice, the fifth son of 
said James, by Phillis Fanning, was in 1685 ap- 
pointed a Privy Councillor, and in 1686 a Baron of 
the Irish Exchequer, though ' a papist,' his taking 
the oath of supremacy having been dispensed with.* 
In the following year he was made Chief Baron, and 
knighted, was of Tyrconnel's suite in the interview 
with King James at Chester, and was the chief agent 
in representing to His Majesty such an aspect of Irish 

♦ Clarendon's State Letters, v. 2, p. 420. 

•184 RLNG James's irish army list. 

' feeling as he thought he was justified in offering. 
On Tyrconners departure for France, Sir Stephen 
Rice was left by him, joined in commission with Sir 
Richard Nagle, for the government of Ireland ; and it 
is said that the unexecuted patents for making him, 
Sir Patrick Trant, and Robert Grace, Peers of Ire^ 
land, were found at Dublin Castle on King William's 
arrival there.* Sir Stephen was attainted in 1691, 
but adjudged within the articles of Limerick. His 
exertions, in opjwsing the passing of the unfortunate 
Bill " to prevent the further growth of Popery," are 
alluded to ante^ at Lord Galmoy, p. 104. After the 
Revolution he remained in Ireland in possession of a 
large property, died in 1714, and was buried in St. 
James's churchyard, Dublin, with many of his fellow 
labourers in the Stuart cause, and more especially 
beside Sir Toby Butler. By his will, he left his 
estates chiefly to his eldest son, Edward Rice ; but, 
as Sir Stephen died * a Papist,' these estates would 
have passed in gavel had not Edward conformed, 
which he did, and died himself in 1720,t having 
erected a costly monument over his father's grave. 
The other sons of Sir Stephen, by his wife Mary 
Fitzgerald, were James and Thomas.J His lady 
survived him, and was executrix of his will. 

In King James's new Chaiiiers, Francis Rice, mer- 
chant, was a Burgess in that to Dublin ; while in that 

♦ Memoirs of the Grace Family, p. 42. 

t Howard's Popery Cases, p. 71, &c. 

X Archdairs Lodge's Peerage, v. 2, p. 54. 

ABEROPRX'S horse: 18i5 

to Limerick, John Rice Fitz-William, John Rice Fitz^ ' 
Edward, and the above Sir' Stephen Rice were Bip:- . 
gesses, the latter being also named an Alderman in 
the Charter to Waterfbrd. Peter Rice was a Burgess 
in that to Ennis, as was Robert in that to Einsale. 

^ In the Parliament of 1689, Edward was one of 

the Representatives of the Borough of Askeaton, as 
was Edward Fitz- James Rice, of Ballinleggin, County 
of Limerick, (who had been previously Sheriff of 
Limerick) one of those for the Borough of Dingle-i- 

Of the few contemporaneous documents that have 
been sent in to aid those Illustrations, one concerns 
the above Captain. It is an order from the Colonel 
of this Regiment to Alderman John Leonard of Lim- 
erick, directing him to pay to this Captain John Rice 
the sum of £175 ; "being the proportion that comes 
to him for the * mounting* our two troops, he ' given' 
you his receipt for it.^ The order is dated 9th of 
March, 1689, three days before the King landed at 
Kinsale, and the receipt is indorsed 14th, two days 
after that event. . Another John Rice was a Captain 
in Colonel Charles O'Bryan's Infantry, and either of 
these Johns appears identical with the Colonel John 
Rice, who, after the surrender of Limerick, brought in 
to King William a Regiment of Horse, on the faith 
of being received into the establishment on English 

The Rices attainted in 1691 were Edward Rice of 
Askeaton, Edward Fitz- James Rice of Ballyquelig, 


County of Limerick, John Rice of Clonee, County of 
Carlow, John Rice of Limerick, merchant, and David 
of Dingle, County of Kerry ; while Nicholas and Tho- 
mas Rice were adjudged within the Articles of Lime- 
rick. Edward Rice forfeited a fishing weir and some 

lands and tenements in Kerry, with very large estates 
in Limerick ; portions charged upon which were 
claimed by his only daughter Elizabeth, wife of 
Thomas Arthur, and by others. Claims were also 
made at Chichester House by Thomas Rice for a 
leasehold mortgage on Kerry lands, forfeited by Ni- 
cholas Skiddy ; the deed creating the incumbrance 
was witnessed by Dominick Rice, Thomas Rice, &c. 
and the claim was allowed. Thomas Rice and Mary 
his wife claimed and were allowed a portion, charged 
by the will of her father James Rice on Kerry lands 
forfeited by Edward Rice. John Rice Fitz- William 
claimed and was allowed a freehold interest in lands 
in the County of Limerick, forfeited by Nicholas 
Browne and Helen his wife. Piers Arthur and Mary 
his wife, late widow of Edward Rice Fitz-James, 
claimed her jointure off the lands of Ballyneety, in 
the County of Kerry, forfeited by said Edward. 

James Rice, before mentioned as the eldest son of 
Sir Stephen by his second wife, married Susanna, 
daughter of Sir Henry O'Brien, by whom he had 
issue two sons, Stephen and Francis. Stephen, the 
eldest son, succeeded at Mount-Rice, and died in 
1755, leaving issue Stephen, who married the daugh- 

abercorn's horse. 187 

ter of Joshua Meredith.* From Thomas, the second 
son of Sir Stephen, it is alleged that Lord Monteagle 
is descehded. 

In 1790, the Right Honorable James Louis Count 
Rice, of the Holy Roman Empire, sold the lands of 
Dingle to George Nagle. 


The O'Heffernans possessed a territory about Corofin 
in the County of Clare, called from them Muintir- 
Ifemain, from which stock a branch was transplanted 
to the Barony of Owny and Arra, County of Tippe- 
rary. " Their war-cry ,** says Ware,t " was ' Ceart- 
na-suas-aboe,' i. e. *the cause of right from above,' 
alluding perhaps to their crest, which was an armed 
hand, couped at the wrist and erect, holding a broken 
sword, all proper^ signifying, as it would seem, that 
there was no justice to be expected from the sword, 
but from the protection of Heaven.*' Mr. Hardiman, 
in his Irish Minstrelsy^ has preserved a poem written 
about a century since, much in the spirit of that 
war-cry as Ware interprets it, and by an O'Heffeman, 
William *dall,' the blind. The poem is entitled 
' Cliona of the Rock,' and, while the editor says this 
William " composed many other poetical pieces which 
are deservedly popular," he adds, " if he had left no 

* Archdall's Lodge's Peerage, v. 3, p. 205. 
t Antiqiiities, p. 163. 


other than ' Cliona,' it would be sufficient to rescue 
his name firom oblivion.*'* 

The Four Masters record the death of Madadain 
O'Heffeman, Chief of Clan-Cruain, in 1047, and an 
engagement, in 1150, between Turlough O'Brien on 
the one part, and the O'Carrols and O'Rourkes on 
the other, wherein many of the latter party and the 
son of 0"lfernan' were slain. They also make men- 
tion of the Clan-Hiffernan at 1170. In 1543, ^neas 
O'Hiffernan, who had been an Hospitaller and Pre- 
ceptor of Any, in the County of Limerick, was pre- 
sented to the See of Emly on the nomination of King 
Henry the Eighth.f 


The origin and lineage of this family are so largely 
given in Sir Bernard Burke's * Landed Gentry,' that 
reference to that work will best satisfy inquiry. On 
Ortelius's map, the Sept is located in the Barony of 
Forth, County of Wexford. This Cornet Charles 
was a Burgess in King James's Charter to Enniscor- 
thy. He was attainted in 1691 by the description 
of Charles Redmond of the City of Dublin, Gent. ; as 
were Alexander and Richard Redmond as of Dun- 
ganstown, and John Redmond of Askenmuller, in the 
County of Wexford. In the Southwell Collection of 

• Hardiman^s Irish Minstrelsy, v, 2, pp. 25 & 125. 
t Ware's Bishops, p. 499. 

luttrell's horse. 


State Manuscripts were " papers said to have been 
found about prisoners taken by Colonel Wolseley, 
discovering the design of the Papists' meeting at 
Mullingar, and among them letters to Captain Red- 
mond, whom Wolseley hanged^* 

After the Revolution, some members of the family 
are traceable in the French and Spanish services. 






The Colonel. 

Sir James Modare 




John Connor. 

Bryan Kelly. 

Thady Connor. 

John Ash. 

Hanrey Morris. 

Edmnnd Power. 

William Fanning. 

Badmond Morris. 

Lord Dnnsanj. 

Gerard Etcts. 

Ralph E^ers. 

Thomas Carew. 

Walter Lawless. 

James Lawless. 

Joseph Cripps. 

Da^id Fanning. 

John Oxhni^. 

Thady Connor. 


The estate of Luttrelstown, beautifully situated in 
the vale of the Liffey, was, after the English Invasion, 

♦ Thorpe's Catal. of Southwell MSS. p. 182. 


granted by King John to Sir Geoffrey Luttrell.* 
From him it took that name, and for centuries was 
inherited by his descendants. In 1236, Robert Lut- 
trell, then Treasurer of St. Patrick's Cathedral, was 
sworn Lord Chancellor of Ireland. In 1534, Sir 
Thomas Luttrell, styled of Luttrelstown, was ap- 
pointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas ; and to 
the exertions and cai^e of this wise Judge, posterity 
has been indebted for the preservation of the public 
records and rolls of Chancery, which he found piled 
in a ruinous tower of Dublin Castle, at a considerable 
distance from St. Patricks, where the Courts were 
then kept. By an order of Council he effected their 
removal to the Library of that Cathedral, where the 
Clerk of the Hanaper was ordered " to provide 
presses, chests, doors, locks, and all other necessaries, 
as well in said Library as in the better portion of the 
Tower, for their safe custody. f" In 1613, Thomas 
Luttrell was one of the Representatives of the County 
of Dublin in Parliament. Those of the name at- 
tainted in 1642 were Robert Luttrell of Girstown, 
and Oliver Luttrell of Tankardstown, County of 

The above Colonel Henry Luttrell was ancestor of 
the Lords Carhampton, and younger brother of 
Simon, hereafter mentioned. In King James's Parlia- 
ment of Dublin he was one of the Representatives of 
the County of Carlow. Graham, in his Derriana^ 

* D'Alton s Hist. Co. Dublin, p. 569. 
t D' Alton s Hist. Drogheda, v. 2, p. 190. 

luttrell's horse. 191 

(p. 29), ranks him as Colonel of the Sixth Regiment 
of Horse, as does the article in Somers' State Tracts 
(v. xi., p. 398) ; but the variance arises from Colonel 
Hugh Sutherland's Horse being there placed between 
Sarsfield's and Abercom's, not as here ; the number 
of the Horse Regiments is the same. A Spottiswode 
Luttrell is, on a different list, recorded to have com- 
manded, after the battle of the Boyne, an Indepen- 
dent Troop.* Previous to that battle, when King 
James had fallen back upon Ardee, he despatched 
Sarsfield with this Henry Luttrell's Horse, Sir Neill 
O'Neill's Dragoons, and Charles Moore's and O'Gara's 
Infantry, to retard the advance of King William. 
This Regiment was afterwards sent to relieve Sars- 
field in Connaught, against whom his enemy was 
advancing from Ulster. Colonel Henry Luttrell's 
conduct on this occasion is much commended, and, 
mainly by his exertions, Sarsfield was enabled to take 
possession of Sligo, "the very key of Connaught on 
that side." When the ' Young Ireland' party of that 
day, in jealousy of Tyrconnel's policy, despatched the 
deputation to St. Germains, Henry Luttrel was one 
of those on the mission chiefly entrusted with their 
complaints, as before-mentioned at ' Tyrconnel,' ante^ 
p. 54. He, in truth, " and the native Irish used all 
exertions to undermine the power of Tyrconnel, and 
denounce his adherents to public scorn." It was he, 
tJiey said, that fled to Galway on the approach of 
William to Limerick, and during that first siege sup- 

* Singers Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 2, p. 614. 

192 KING James's irish army list. 

plied only beans and oats to the garrison, while 
wheat was abundant in the Commissariat. He was, 
says O'Conor, represented as a coward, and was, in 
fact, believed to be such by the war party. It was 
with the hope of refuting these too popular opinions, 
that Tyrconnel passed over to St. Germains, there to 
urge his defence before James ; judiciously giving 
out that he had that Monarch's orders to repair to 
France, to give an account of aflfairs in Ireland.* 
The result has been before alluded to. 

The defeat at Aughrim, says Burke,f was popularly 
attributed to Henry Luttrell's defection ; in corrobo- 
ration of which, the Williamite Diary of the last siege 
of Limerick, preserved in the ' Harleian Collections,' 
(Vol. vii., p. 481), says, at the 18th August, 1691, 
" We had an account this day that Henry Luttrell 
had been lately seized at Limerick, by order of the 
French Lieutenant-General, D'Usson, for having made 
some proposals for a surrender of the place ; and that 
he was sentenced by a Court Martial to be shot ; 
upon which our General sent them word by a trum- 
pet, that if they would put any man to death for 
having a mind to come over to us, he would revenge 
it on the Irish." He was in truth on the clearest 
evidence found guilty by Court Martial, and sen- 
tenced to remain in prison until King James's plea- 
sure could be known ; but, on the intermediate 
reduction of Limerick, having been released, he was 

• O'Conors Military Memoirs, p. 122. 
t Peerage, p. 1120. 

luttkell's horse. 193 

mainly instrumental in enlisting the Irish over to the 
English interest* Whereupon he was put upon the 
new Establishment for a yeariy pension of £500 ; 
yet was he, together with a Thomas Luttrell, both 
described of Luttrellstown, County of Dublin, out- 
lawed in 1691 ; as were Robert Luttrell of Simons- 
town, County of Kildare, and William Luttrell of 
Dublin, Junior. Simon Luttrell and his wife were 
likewise attainted ; but Colonel Henry Luttrell, hav- 
ing obtained a custodiam grant to him of his brother's 
lands, had in 1694 a patent of exemption from the 
rent, except the quit rents which were payable thereout 
under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation. A 
letter of his to the Lord Lieutenant in 1699 was in 
the Southwell Collection, written in reference to his 
sister-in-law. Colonel Simon's lady, who had returned 
into Ireland " by an old pass of Lord Romney ;" and 
he therein begs that he may have permission ^Ho 
make use of the outlawry against her, in case she 
should give me trouble by an attorney. She is a 
very intriguing woman, and it was thought, when 
she went for France, she went on a very intriguing 
message. I am sure I heard my Lord repent might- 
ily the giving her a pass ; and I need not tell your 
Lordship that there will be nothing left undone by 
the Jacobites here to perplex me in this affair.^f In 
1702, he was appointed a Major-General in the Dutch 
army, with a Regiment, and nominated to conmiand 

• O'Conor's Military Mem., p. 188. 

t Thorpe's Catal. of Southwell MSS., p. 104. 


on a military enterprise of importance ; but, on the 
death of Bong William, he retired to his country 
seat at Luttrelstown, where he thenceforth chiefly 
resided,* until, in October, 1717, he was shot in his 
sedan chair, while passing through the streets of 
Dublin. He left two sons ; Richard, who died 
abroad, and Simon, who succeeded his brother in 
Luttrelstown, and was created Earl of Carhampton 
in 1785. His only son, John, died in 1829, without 
issue, when the title became extinct. O'Callaghan, 
in reference to these descendants of Colonel Henry 
Luttrel, says, " He was a bad man, the father of a 
bad man, and the grandfather of a bad man."f Of 
Henry himself O'Conor writes, "He was possessed of 
great talents, and was one of the best officers in the 
Irish army ; but recklessly bent on pushing himself 
forward by the popularity of Sarsfield, and by raising 
him to the chief command. He had served in 
France with distinction ; but was so eager of perso- 
nal advancement, that he would shrink as little from 
in&my as from danger, to promote his fortunes."! 

• Burke's Peerage, p. 1120. 
t Excidium Macance, p. 397. 

X O'Conors Military Memoirs, p. 121 ; and more fully 
O'Callagban's Brigades, v. 1, p. 196, &c. 

luttbell's horse. 195 


He was outlawed in 1691, being described as "of the 
City of Dublin, Knight." The family, which was 
then and previously chiefly located in the County of 
Tipperary, seems to have been connected with the 
Luttrells, Edward Moclare being also in commission 
as Major in Colonel Symon Luttrell's Regiment of 

Dragoons. In Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Infantry, 

John Moclare was a Captain and James Moclare an 


This name was introduced to Ireland in the person 
of Harvey de Monte Maurisco, who accompanied the 
Earl of Pembroke (Strongbow) thither, and was by 
him appointed Seneschal over the vast territory he 
had acquired on his marriage with Eva, the heiress 
of Dermot Mc Murrough. This Harvey was the early 
founder of the noble Cistercian Religious House of 
Dunbrody, which he filled with monks from Bildewas 
in Shropshire; and in the monastery of the Holy 
Trinity at Canterbury he closed his days. In 1335, 
John Morice, Knight, was despatched to England by 
the Irish Council on urgent business, and had a 
Treasury order, 'as well for money expended on his 
journey thithei:^ as for services rendered by him in 


196 KING James's ikish army list. 

Munster. In the following year, being Justiciary of 
Ireland, he summoned a Parliament at Dublin, but, 
although he was the Representative of the King, he 
had not the confidence and did not command the co- 
operation of the country. It was on this occasion 
that the Earl of Desmond proved the extraordinary 
influence he possessed over all classes of the Kingdom : 
feeling indignant at Sir John Morice's proceedings in 
relation to himself, he invited the Nobles and Prelates 
to meet him at Kilkenny ; and there, while the 
Justiciary was unable to procure a sufficient atten- 
dance in Dublin, the Earl saw assembled at his in- 
vitation the Prelates, Earls, Barons, and Commons of 
Ireland, who joined him in a remarkable Remonstrance 
to the King against the proceedings of Sir John and 
his Irish ministry.* 

In 1447, D. Redmond Morris, a native of Ireland, 
ecclesiastically styled Cardinal de Castres, died at 
Rome. It is said that, in his honor and to perpetuate 
his Christian name in that province of the country 
from which he was descended, the Morris fiunilies of 
Castle-morres, Latragh, Knockagh and Rathlin, in the 
Counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary, have constantly 
preserved the ' Redmond ' in their lines. 

The Act of Settlement contained a saving of the 
rights of John * Morish ' as a Trustee in Wexford 
lands, while the declaration of Royal gratitude there- 
in, for services beyond the seas, includes the name of 
Captain Neal Morris. A * Mr. Morris ' was on the 
♦ Red Book of the Exch. in Ch. Reiaemb. Off. 

luttrell's horse. 197 

pension list of 1685, for £500 per annum.* In 
1687, Edmund Morris was sheriff of the Queen's 
County, which was represented in the Parliament of 
Dublin by Edward Morris, while the above Harvey 
Morris was one of the members for the borough of 

Knocktopher, County of Kilkenny. Captain ^ Red- 

mond ' Morris rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 
in this Regiment, as appears by the warrant for his 
pardon, dated 28th June, 1701, wherein it is recited 
that he ^^ had served in the Irish army as Lieutenant- 
Colonel in Colonel Henry Luttrell's Horse ; that, on 
the surrender of Limerick, he came over to our ser- 
vice in said regiment, until it was broke ; that being 
afterwards reduced to a low condition, he was neces- 
sitated, contrary to his own inclination, to go into 
France and enter into the French King^s service, in 
order to a subsistence for himself and his £unily ; 
that, being desirous to return into Ireland, which wss 
his native country, he humbly prayed for a licence 
to enable him so to do, which was allowed ; but being 
advised that he cannot live there with security, with- 
out a free pardon, he prayed for this also," and it was 
thereby accordingly granted.f In 1703, a private 
Act was passed to prevent the disinherison of Redmond 
Morris, as was in two years after a ftirther Act, to 
enable John Morris, an in&nt, son and heir of Red- 
mond Morris, Esq. deceased, ^' to make a jointure on 
any woman he shall marry, and for relief of the 

* Singer's Gorrespondenoe of Lord Clarendon, y. 1, p. 658. 
t Harris's MSS. vol. 10, p. 308. 


younger children of said Redmond, and for amending 
and explaining some clauses in the first Act." This 
legislation originated in a petition of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Redmond Morris, of 30th September, 1703, 
in which he set forth that he was the eldest son of Sir 
John Morres of Knockagh, County of Tipperary, 
Baronet, a Roman Catholic ; who, by reason of the 
Petitioner being a Protestant, threatened to disinherit 
him, and he therefore prayed relief from the legisla- 
ture to prevent his being so disinherited, and for a 
maintenance for himself during his father's life.* 

Captain Harvey Morris was a younger son of Sir 
Redmond of Knockagh. He had previously pur- 
chased the Castle and site of Derrylough in the 
County of Kilkenny, near Knocktopher, which had 
been forfeited by a member of the Comerford family, 
and granted by Cromwell to one Matthew Westmore- 
land, a Lieutenant in his army. The grandson of 
this Harvey Morris was created Viscount Mount- 
morris of Castle-morris. Edmund Morris was also 

an officer in this service, but not on the present List. 
He was killed at the battle of Aughrim, and his estate 
was granted in 1696 by King William for services to 
Richard Fitzpatrick, who was in 1715 elevated to the 
Peerage by the title of Baron Gowran of Gowran, and 
took his seat in Parliament in the November following. 
The estate of this Edmund Morris was situated at 
Grantstown in the Queen's County, off which dower 
was claimed by Anne Morris as his widow, and por- 

* Irish Commons Journal, v. 3, p. 24. 

luttrell'8 horse. 199 

tions by Mary and Anne, his daughters, but their 
petitions were dismist ; while another part of his estate 
was sold by the Commissioners in 1703 to Amyas 

Bush of Kilfane. Amongst those outlawed at this 

time was also Edward Morris, styled of Maryborough, 
in the same County. ' 


This name, of Danish origin, was, after centuries from 
the time of its first establishment in Ireland, ennobled 
in the person of the Earl of Fingal, from whom 
branched the Barons of Dunsany and Earls of Louth. 
Richard Plunkett had summons to Parliament by 
writ in 1374, was afterwards Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench, and in 1388 was appointed Lord Chan- 
c^or. Few names have held higher place in the 
judicial preferments than this, even to the illustrious 
Chancellor, who died but a few years since. In 1461, 
Thomas Plunkett was appointed Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench ; Alexander Plunkett, Lord ChanceUor 
in 1492 ; and in 1559, John Plunkett of Dunsoghly, 
Knight, was Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench. 

The Act of attainder of the Earl of Tyrone in 16,12 
included in its penalties Christopher Plunkett, late 
of Dungannon. At the Assembly of 1641, on Crofly 
Hill, Lords Louth and Dunsany were present. The 
Attainders of the following year included of this 
name, the Earl of Fingal, James and George Plun- 


kett of Killeen, Michael Plunkett of Feltown, Nicholas 
of Killallon and Balrath, Robert of Athboy, merchant; 
Christopher of Girly, Thomas of Clonecatt, Alexander 
of Jackstown, Patrick and Henry of Grange, Richard 
of Dunshaughlin, John of Castlearron, Robert of 
Rathmore, and Henry of Iskeroon, all in the County 
of Meath ; John Plunkett of Durre, clerk ; 'Garrald' 
Plunkett of Gardoge, County of Kildare, and Robert 
Plunkett of the Grange of Portmamock, County of 
Dublin. Amongst the Confederate Catholics who as- 
sembled at Kilkenny in 1646, Christopher Plunkett, 
Earl of Fingal, and Oliver Plunkett, Baron of Louth^ 
were of the Peers ; while in the Commons sat Nicho- 
las Plunkett of Balrath. Cromwell's Act of 1652, "for 
settling Ireland,'' excepted from pardon for life and 
estate the aforesaid Lords Fingal and Dunsany, and 
Nicholas Plunkett. Tiie Act of Settlement, in the 
re-acting clause, declaratory of Royal gratitude, 
includes the names of both these Lords, while it 
restored Lord Dunsany to his estates ; Sir Walter 
Plunkett to his ; Sir Nicholas Plunkett to two thirds 
of his ; it provided that Mabel, Countess Dowager of 
Fingal, should have lands set out to her to the yearly 
value of her jointure, and the civil establishment was 
afterwards charged with a pension of £100 per annum 
for the Lord Dunsany. 

In 1662, (2nd Dec.) died William Plunkett of 
Portmarnock, ' son of Luke, anciently of Dublin,' and 
was buried at St. Audoen's in Dublin. He had mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Sir Theodore Duff of that city, 

luttrell's horse. 201 

and had issue by her a son, Luke, living at that 
time.* In 1681, Oliver Plunkett, then Roman 
Catholic Primate of Ireland, was hanged at Tyburn, 
denying to the last various charges of treason that 
had been alleged against him.f Besides the above 
Captain Lord Dunsany, there appear upon this List, 
in Colonel Sarsfield's Horse, James Plunkett a 
Quarter-Master ; in Lord Dongan's Dragoons, Oliver 
Plunkett a Captain; in the King's own Infantry, 
Walter Plunkett a Lieutenant, and John Plunkett an 
Ensign ; in Fitz^ames's, Garrett Plunkett a Lieu- 
tenant ; in Lord Louth's, Henry Plunkett was a 
Lieutenant, as was Greorge Plunkett in Sir Walter 
Creagh's, and Walter in Colonel John Hamilton's. 
The two latter having been promoted to Captain- 
cies, one of them may be identical, with the Captain 
Plunkett related in contemporaneous reports as having 
been killed at the siege of Deny, and the other 
with a second Captain there wounded*. Lord Louth 
was himself at the siege. A Captain Plunkett is also 
noted as of Lord Gormanstown's Regiment at the 
siege of Limerick.J 

The Earl of Fingal, and Lords Dunsany and 
Louth, sat in the Parliament of Dublin, and were 
accordingly attainted in 1691, as were Christopher 
Plunkett of Lagore and Killeen, Richard Plunkett 
of Rathregan, Gerald of Curraghstown, Thomas of 

* Funeral Entry in Berm. Tor. f Hawdon Papers, p. 244 
} O'Callaghan's Excid. Mac. p. 374. 


Carrick, William and Francis of Tullaghmoge, Oliver 
of Onganstown and Oldcastle, Nicholas of Eilleen, 
Edward of Gibbonstown, Angel Plunkett of Ratiimore, 
Thomas of Dirpatrick and Newcastle, Alexander of 
Pichelstown, Edward of Girly, John and Richard of 
Croskeele, Patrick of Leytrim and Tankardrath, 
Thomas of Tallonstown, and Peter of Enockveagb, 
all in the County of Meath, Edward Plunkett of 
Kilrush, County of Westmeath ; George and William 
Plunkett of Portmamock, County of Dublin (the 
latter had been personally engaged at th^ battle of 
the Boyne) ; Matthew Plunkett of the City of Dublin, 
Oliver Plunkett, son of Matthew Lord Baron Louth, 
Thomas Plunkett, second son of said Lord, Patrick 
Plunkett of Castlelumney, Simon and Richard of 
Priorstown, Randall of GreenhiU, Thomas of Ard- 
keenagh, and Patrick and John of Castleplunkett, 

County of Roscommon. The Earl of Fingal was 

attainted erroneously by the name of Lucas, his real 
Christian name being Peter, and the outlawry was 
consequently reversed in 1697. The Lord Dunsany 
was included in the Articles of Limerick, whereby 
his estates were also protected for him ; " neglecting, 
however, the forms necessary to re-establish himself 
in tJie peerage," neither his Lordship nor his im- 
mediate descendants had a seat in the House of 

At the Court of Claims, Margaret Plunkett claimed 
a child's portion oflf the County of Roscommon lands 

* Burke's Landed Gentry, p. 342. 

luttrell'8 horse. 203 

of Patrick Plunkett of Castleplimket, but her 
petition was dismist for non-prosecution. Thomas 
Plunkett, and Catherine his wife, claimed an estate 
for life to Thomas, and a jointure to Catherine on the 
lands of Portmamock and Carrickhill, forfeited by 
the afore said William, son and heir of Luke Plunkett ; 
their claims were also dismist as being already before 
Parliament ; while George Plunkett, and Johanna 
his wife, who had been the widow of said Luke, 
claimed and were allowed the benefit of her jointure 

At the battle of Lauffield in 1747, Watt Plunkett 
of Clare's Brigade was wounded.f 


So early as the year 1285, Thomas 'Laghles' ap- 
pears oh Irish record as Constable of Connaught. In 
1312, Richard Lawless was Mayor of Dublin, and in 
1318, Hugh Lawless and others, his adherents, were 
commissioned to parley with the Irishry of the south- 
eastern parts of the Pale, the OTooles, O'Bymes, 
and MacMurroughs.J In 1354, Stephen 'Lawless' 
succeeded to the See of Limerick; and in 1431, 
anotJier Stephen Lawless was the mitred Abbot of the 

• D' Alton 8 County of Dublin, p. 179. 

t Grent. Mag. ad ann. p. 377. 

t Rot. Pat., 13 Edi*. II. in Cane. Hib. 


splendid religious House of the Blessed Virgin at 

In 1550, died Walter Lawless, a burgess of Kil- 
kenny, and then the holder of Talbot's-Inch, in that 
County, under the See of Ossory. His son and heir 
was Richard, whose heir was, acccording to family 
respect, another Walter. This last was found to have 
been, during his life-time, seized of the manor of Cal- 
lan, with certain chief rents and customs, "a certain 
yearly custom of 'plows,' viz., one plow for one day 
every season within the town of Callan ; the custom 
of 'rjrping' hooks every harvest yearly upon the bur- 
gesses and inhabitants of said town, (excepting the 
chief brethren or 'Cunsell' of Callan,) a custom of 
ale, &c., out of every ale 'brued' to be sold in the 
town aforesaid, (fee." He also claimed the Castles of 
Callan, Killmacoliver, Tullaghmayne, and Ballydon- 
nell, all in said County, and was seized of premises in 
Gowran, under the Earl of Ormond, with the afore- 
said lands under the See of Ossory. This Walter died 
in 1627, leaving Richard Lawless his son and heir, 
then of full age but unmarried. He however soon 
afterwards married Margaret Den of the old family of 
Grenan, and their issue was the above Captain Wal- 
ter. He inherited Talbot's-Inch and other estates in 
Kilkenny, of which county he was at one time 
Sheriff; and, manying Anne, sister of James Bryan 
of Jenkinstown, had by her two sons, Richard and 
Patrick, who with their father were engaged in this 
service. A James Lawless was also a Lieutenant in 

luttrell's horse. 205 

this Regiment ; he was Town Clerk, prothonotary, 
and Clerk of the Crown and Peace for Kilkenny ; 
while an Edward Lawless was an Ensign in Sir 
Maurice Eustace's Infantry. 

The above Patrick Lawless, Captain Walter's son, 
was taken prisoner at Aughrim;* he was then a 
Major. Leaving this country on the Revolution, he 
took refiige in Spain, where in the middle of the last 
century he held high rank in the army of his Catholic 
Majesty, and was Governor of Majorca and Minorca.f 
In the Inquisition of 1691 on his attainder, he was 
described as of Colemanstown in the County of Dub- 
lin ; his father, Walter, being expressly named as of 
Talbot's-Inch and Brownstown, as were his other sons 
Richard and John. There were also then attainted 
Thomas and Dominick Lawless of Dublin, and James 
Fitz-Adam Lawless of Kilkenny City. 

The Earl of Clarendon, while Viceroy of Ireland, 
makes mention in 1686 of a Major Lawless, who had 
been quartered at Kinsale, holding that rank in 
Colonel Macarty's Regiment ; he died in this year at 
Cork, whereby a pension of £200 per annum reverted 

to the Crown. J At the Court of Claims in 1700, 

those preferred, as affecting the estate of the above 
Captain Walter, were Anne's as his widow for her 
jointure — allowed ; and one of Thomas Lawless for 
the amount of a bond debt charged on same and on 

* Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 187. 

t De Burgo's ffib. Dom., p. 894. 

X Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 2, pp. 351-5-8. 


the inheritance of Richard his son. A portion of these 
estates was sold in 1703 to the Hollow Swords 
Blades' Company ; the other portions, within the Liber- 
ties of Kilkenny, to GriflSth Drisdale and Amyas 
Bush of Kilfane, while the fee of Talbot's-Inch re- 
verted to the See of Ossory. In the Cathedral of 

Kilkenny are monuments to many members of this 


This family name is found at a very early period 
after the Invasion connected with Meath. A close 
Roll of 1373 purports to provide for expenses of 
Robert ' de Evere,' a clerk of the Exchequer in Ire- 
land, in his journey to England on the business of the 
Bishop of Meath, who was then Treasurer of Ireland. 
In 1386, the Marquis of Dublin committed to Robert 
Evere (probably the same individual,) the custody of 
the Mills of Trim, Ardmulchan, &c., which, by reason 
of the death of Edward de Mortimer and the minority 
of his heir, Roger, were then in the seisin of the 

Crown.* In 1498, Robert Evers, an Englishman, 

was Prior of the great mitred Abbey of Kilmain- 

ham.f In 1631, Thomas Evers, Mayor of Dublin, 

married Edith Mortimer, of another Meath family. 

♦ Rot. Pat. 10 Ric. 2, in Cane. Hib. 
t D'Alton's Co. Dub., p. 622. 


He died in the following year, and was buried in St. 
John's Church, Dublin. 

The Attainders of 1642 include the names of Alex- 
ander and James Evers of Eatain ; Patrick of Bellar- 
din, and Edward of Noshingstown, all in the County 
of Meath. Those of 1691 were of the above Gerald 
Evers, described as of Moyrath, County of Meath, 
Randolf alias Ralph Evers of Tokeroane, do. (a Cor- 
net in this Company,) Matthew Evers of Galmoys- 
town, County of Westmeath, Charles Evers of Ballin- 
ralline, Queen's County ; and Christopher Evers of 
Bellardin, aforesaid. This latter estate, comprising 
about 300 acres, was purchased in 1703, with other 
possessions, by John Asgill of Dublin. Cicely Darcy, 
otherwise Evers, claimed an estate for life thereon, 
but her right was not admitted. Gerald Evers 
claimed a remainder in tail therein, and his petition 
was also dismist ; while, at the same Court, Mary 
Evers, as Relict and Administratrix of William 
Evers, deceased, and Matthew Evers, son and heir of 
said William, claimed and were allowed sundry 
interests in County of Westmeath lands, forfeited by 
Sir John Nugent. 


*Ceipps' does not occur elsewhere on this Army List, 
but this oflScer in his attainder of 1691, is described 
as 'of Killemey, County of Kilkenny, Gentleman.' 


The name b now traceable only in the County of 
Limerick, in connection with that of Villiers. 


Neither does 'Carew' occur elsewhere upon this List, 
or at all in the Attainders of 1641 or 1691, nor does 
he appear of kindred with the noble family of CasUe- 
borough, or with that of Ballinamona. 

At the close of the reign of King John, Raymond 
'de Karreu' granted the Church of 'Stacklorgan,' 
with the advowson and the land around it, as an en- 
dowment to Christ Church, Dublin ; and about the 
same time he gave to the noble monastery of St 
Thomas-a-Becket in said city, a burgage in Dungar- 
van, as also the Church of St. Colman of Cork, and 
those of 'Matre,' Caroulton, and Tullaghrathen, with 
all their appurtenances, and the whole tithes and eccle- 
siastical dues thereto appertaining.* In one of the 
Grenealogical Manuscripts of Trinity College, Dublin, 
(F 3, 27), is a pedigree of the Carews of Garry vroe, 
for twelve generations ; but it closes with Robert 
Carew of Garryvroe, who died in 1633, and the 
Christian name of Thomas does not appear on the 
whole line. It may be mentioned from Sir Richard 
Cox, that in 1575, Sir Henry Sydney, while Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, attended, at Waterford, the burial 
of Sir Peter Carew, "whose ancestors had been Mar- 

• Kings MSS., p. 180. 



quises of Cork, and claimed a mighty estate, compris- 
ing the greater part of ancient Desmond in the 
Counties of Cork, Waterford and Kerry,*' and that 
claim the Mac Cartys, Barrys, and many other chiefs 
of Munster offered to recognize, "in opposition to the 
Earls of Desmond ; and proposed that, if Sir Peter 
would come and reside amongst them, they would ad- 
vance him three thousand kine, with sheep, hogs, and 
corn, and annually pay him all reasonable demands; 
but his death put an end to all these speculations." 



Captaing. Lieutenants. Comet*. 

Lord Brittaa. 
Edward Prendergast, Derraott McAaliffe. John Burke. 

Lieut. -Col. 

William Cox, 

Comeliua Callaghan. Godfrey CoDTngham. William Verdon. 
Drury Wray. Jamea McDonnell John Prendergast. 

James Bryan. Matthew Roth. Francis Bryan. 

Toby Matthews. 

William Matthews. 
Edmund Walsh. 

John Ryan. 
Edward Danter. 

Quarter- 3 ffistert. 

John Hynes. 

Jsmes Butler. 



Thomas Matthews 
John Walsh. 



Early in this Campaign he was constituted a Briga- 
dier, and, while the siege of Deny was pending, was 
despatched with two Regiments of Infantry, one of 
Dragoons, and two troops of Horse, to * straiten ' 
Enniskillen on the side of Belturbet ; while Colonel 
Sarsfield, with whom he was to correspond, was 
stationed within twelve miles of that town with three 
troops of Horse, one of Dragoons, and three battalions 
of Foot. On Sutherland's arrival for this object at 
Belturbet, he received an order from Marshal Rosen, 
then at Derry, to proceed to Omagh, to protect the 
Irish blockading army in that direction.* Accord- 
ingly, on the fifth of July, Berwick wrote to Lieu- 
tenant-General Hamilton, the Irish Commander at 
the camp before that City, " I marched yesterday- 
morning from Newtown-Stewart, and, joining Colonel 
Sutherland at ' Omey,' I marched hither my advanced 
guard, cut ofi* several of their sentries, and pushed a 
great many of the Rebels' party with such vigour as 
they beat with thirty Dragoons three Troops of 
Horse of theirs, which were drawn up at a distance 
fipom us."f Colonel Sutherland was engaged at the 
Boyne, and, though he was wounded, his Regiment 
suffered little, " having to do only with the enemy's 
horse, which he soon repulsed."! 

♦ O'Callaghan's Green Book, p. 267. 
t Manuscripts T.C.D., E 2, 19. 
J Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 400. 



This name came into Ireland with Earl * Strongbow/ 
who induced Maurice de Prendergast to accompany 
him in the Invasion, and made over to him a tract of 
country, called Femegenelan, to hold by the service 
of ten Knights.* In 1207, King John, having found 
the Barons of Leinster and Meath opposed to giving 
effect to the Royal Writs of Right, &c. sent mandates 
to Walter, Hugh, and Robert de Lacy, Lords of 
Meath and Ulster ; to Richard de Tuite, Philip de 
Prendergast, &c. wherein he expressed surprise " that 
they should attempt establishing a new form of trial 
without his assent, or seek his Justiciary to deliver 
to them, without his orders, what had been taken at 
the hands of the Crown by royal precept ; and he 
commanded them not to ' default ' towards him, their 
Lord, and declared with God's and his. rights he will 
acquire, according to time and place.^'t I^ 1229, 
King Henry summoned Gerald de Prendergast, as 
one of the * Fideles ' of Ireland, to a military muster 
at Portsmouth for service in Brittany ; and again, in 
1244, for the Scottish war. This Gerald, being 
Patron of the Abbey of Canons Regular at Ennis- 
corthy, made a grant thereof to be a cell to the noble 
House of St. Thomas-a-Becket in Dublin.J A List 

• Ware's Ant., V. 1, p. 191. 

t Rot. Pat. Tut. Lond. 8 Jac. 1. 

X Kings MSS. Dub. Soc., pp. 178-9. 

P 2 

212 KING James's irisu army list. 

of the Barous and Knights of Richard de Burgo's 
Palatinate in Connaught, in 1242, names this Gerald 
de Prendergast as one.* In 1278, Geoffrey de 
Prendergast sued Paganus de Hinteberg for the 
estate of his mother Alienora, in the County of Limer- 
ick, by wager of battle. It was fought accordingly with 
all legal formalities of the day, and the appellant 
gained the battle and the lands. In 1326, Geoffrey 
de Prendergast was one of the Commissioners of 
Array for the County of Kilkenny. In 1414, Robert 
Prendergast was Abbot of the mitred House of the 
Blessed Virgin of Dublin ; and, in the Parliament of 
1585, Edward Prendergast was one of the Repre- 
sentatives for the County of the Crosses of Tipperary. 
In a MS. Volume of the Royal Dublin Society's Col- 
lection, entitled ' Collectanea de Rebus Hibemicisj 
occurs (at page 384) a transcript of an extraordinary 
deed, by which the Lady Eleanor Butler, being a 
co-heiress to the title of Baron of Caliir, affected to 
convey same to Sir Thomas Prendergast, about the 
time of Charles the First. 

Of the Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny, in 
1646, was James Prendergast of Tullivellan ; and 
the Royal declaration of gratitude, contained in the 
Act of Settlement, includes Ensign John Prender- 
gast, the same individual possibly who was a Comet 
in this Regiment. This name is especially distin- 
guished in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Infantry, where 
Geoffrey Prendergast was a Captain, Walter and 

♦ MS. in Trin. Coll. Lib., Dublin. 


Robert Prendergast, Lieutenants, and James Prender- 
gast an Ensign. The latter James was indicted in 
1691, by the description of Harristown, County of 
Kilkenny ; as was another James as of Butlerstown, 
County of Wexford. Thomas Prendergast of Bally- 
femogue, and Nicholas Prendergast of Enniscorthy, 
were then likewise attainted, and a Geoffry Prender- 
gast, at this time, forfeited estates in Galway and 

After the Revolution, this Lieutenant-Colonel Ed- 
ward passed into France, and was there appointed to 
the same rank in Colonel Sheldon's Brigade. 

At the battle of Lauffield, in 1747, Dennis Prender- 
gast, a Lieutenant in Lally's Brigade, was wounded.* 


This name does not otherwise appear in the Army 
List or attainders, nor has any notice, that could 
identify him or his family, been discovered. The 
most remarkable individual of the name at this period 
was of the Williamite politics, Richard Cox of Wilt- 
shire descent ; who, in September, 1690, was appoint- 
ed a Justice of the Irish Common Pleas, vice Justice 
Denis Daly, hereafter alluded to. He was knighted 
in the following year, promoted to the Chief Justice- 
ship in 1701, and in 1703, appointed Lord High 

* Gent. Mag., ad ann., p. 377. 

214 KING James's irish army list. 

Chancellor of Ireland, from which he vfBs preferred 
to be Chief Justice of the King's Bench in 1711. 
The manuscript Diary of Primate Narcissus Marsh, 
(preserved in the public Library in Dublin which 
l)ears his name,) contains at the 26th of April, 1693, 
an interesting notice of Judge Cox : — " This evening, 
at six of the clock, we met at the Provost's lodgings 
in Trinity College, Dublin, in order to the renewal of 
our philosophical meeting, where Sir Richard Cox, 
one of the Justices of ' the King's Bench,' read a 
geographical Description of the City and County of 
Derry, and of the County of Antrim, being part of 
an entire Geographical Description of the whole King- 
dam of Ireland, that is designed to be perfected by 
him ; wherein also will be contained a Natural 
History of Ireland, containing the most remarkable 
things to l>e found that are the product of nature." 
This work, however, never was printed, though others 
from his pen have been. In October, 1706, Sir 
Richard was created a Baronet, and died in 1733, of 
apoplexy, leaving issue. Ware, in his ' Writers of 
Ireland,' gives forty-four pages illustrative of the life 
and times of this Sir Richard Cox. 


Neither does this name appear elsewhere upon the 
present 'List.' The family was originally seated 
within the Bishopric of Durham, and subseciuently 


possessed estates in Riclimondshire, County of York. 
From it descended Sir Christopher Wray, Knight, 
who was a member of all the Parliaments of Queen 
Mary's reign, and, in that of Elizabeth, was Speaker of 
the House of Commons. He was ultimately consti- 
tuted Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, in 
which high oflSce he died, in 1592. His son, Sir 
William Wray, was created a Baronet ; and the above 
Captain Drury Wray, his descendant and heir male, 
was the sixth in the succession. He was so attainted 
in 1691, and his estates in the County of Limerick 
were consequently sold by the Commissioners of the 
Forfeitures, partly to John Berry of Ballinacargy, 
in said County, and partly to the Hollow Swords 
Blades' Company ; while the Rectories and Rec- 
torial tithes which he possessed therein, were, accord- 
ing to the policy of the Settlement, granted to the 
See of Limerick for the augmentation of vicarages. 

At the Court of Claims, Major Christopher Wray, 
the eldest son of Sir Drury, claimed and was allowed 
a reversion in fee, after his father^s decease, in various 
lands in Limerick, and also in others in Cork. He 
preferred his claim as by descent, being the eldest 
son and heir to Anne Casey his mother : he also 
claimed and was allowed an annuity off said lands. 
Major Christopher offers one of many instances of 
the sad domestic severance which this campaign 
effected, fighting as he did at the Boyne for King 
William. He afterwards served in the wars of Flanders, 
Spain, and Portugal, as Lieutenant-Colonel in Colonel 


Farrington's Regiment ; and eminendy distinguished 
himself at the attack of Ostend .♦ His father, Sir 
Drury, dying in 1710, he became the seventh 


This noble family is located in Ortelins's map in the 
Barony of Eliogurty, County of Tippeniry. On Irish 
law records the name appears from early in the com- 
mencement of the fourteenth century ; in the fifteenth, 
King Henry the Fourth committed to Thomas Mat- 
thew, of the County of Meath, the custody of various 
lands therein, and in Drogheda.f 

The attainders of 1642 have, of this family, only 
David Matthew of Castlemore, County of Cork. In 
the Assembly of Confederate Catholics, Emir ' Mat- 
thews' sat amongst the Spiritual Peers as Bishop of 
Clogher. — In King James's Charter to Cashel, William 
Matthew was a Burgess, as was James Matthew in 
that to Carlingford, (he was a Lieutenant in Galmoy's 
Horse,) and Francis Matthew in that to Ardee. 

In 1686, the Earl of Clarendon, Lord Lieutenant, 
visited the noble establishment of Captain Matthew, 
at Thomastown, County of Tipperary. He seems to 
have been the above named oflScer, and the lineal de- 

♦ Burke's Landed Gentry, Sup. p. 246-7. 
t Rot. Pat, 4 Hen. IV. in Cane. Hib. 


scendant of David Matthew, the great Standard 
Bearer of Edward the Fourth, whose monument is 
still to be seen in the Cathedral of Landaff, and 
whose issue were Lords of Raydor in Glamorganshire, 
as also of Landaff. "I came hither," writes Lord 
Clarendon, "last night, where I have been most 
kindly used. It is a very fine place and the most 
improved of any situation I have ever seen since I 
came into this kingdom ; especially considering that 
it is but sixteen years since he first sat down there, 

when there was no house upon it.*^ His estate 

Lord Clarendon styles, "of the new interest," thus 
distinguishing it from those of the old native Septs. 
More extended details of the singular hospitality 
lavished at Thomastown by his heir in the following 
century, when it became a hotel for all who chose to 
visit it, where each guest might have a separate room 
and meals ; and a distinct department, called a tavern, 
was appropriated for the use of the less temperate ; are 
given in the biography of Dean Swift, who, during 
the early part of his residence in Ireland, was a visitor 

A Colonel Matthew of the Irish forces was taken 
prisoner at Aughrim,f and, amongst those outlawed 
in 1691, was Toby or Theobald Matthew, styled of 
Thomastown, County of Tipperary, Esq. on whose 
estate the right of Catherine Matthew, his widow, for 
a leasehold interest, preferred on behalf of herself, and 

• Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 2, p. 6. 
t Bawdon Correspondence, p. 351. 


her children, Theobald, Mary, Frances, Catherine and 
Neville Matthew, was allowed by the Commissioners 

at the Court of Claims. Others of this name then 

outlawed were William Matthew, also described as of 
Thomastown, Gent. ; James Matthew of Carlingford, 
above mentioned ; Patrick and Sylvester Matthew of 
Dunbin, Blackall-Andrew Matthew of Melleshant 
[Mellefont,] clerk ; James Matthew of Charlestown, 
County of Louth ; and George Matthew of Carlow ; 
while Patrick and Sylvester forfeited lands in the 
Barony of Cremorne, County of Monaghan, which 
were sold by the Commissioners of the forfeited 
estates to William Fortescue of the County of Louth. 


This name does not appear elsewhere on the Army 
List, nor at all on the Attainders ; while a doubt of 
this officer's adherence to King James is raised by the 
fact, that at the Court of Claims in 1703, a 'Lieute- 
nant Godfrey Conyngham' claimed and was allowed 
sundry leasehold interests affecting lands in the 
County of Cork, forfeited by Donogh, Earl of Clan- 
carty. On this occasion also, a James, son of Andrew 
Conyngham, petitioned for premises in Strabane, 
while Josias 'Cunningham' claimed and was allowed 

a freehold in the County of Antrim. Under the 

latter spelling of this surname, it may be noticed that 


a Colonel 'Cuningham' is stated to have fought for 
King William at the battle of Aughrim.* 


The subordinate rank of this officer here, evinces how 
much this once illustrious family had then declined 
from its early and influential character. Previous to 
the Invasion of Ireland by Henry the Second, the 
chivalrous family of De Verdon was settled at Alton, 
where is now the splendid seat of the Earl of Shrews- 
bury. From thence, in 1184, Bertram Verdon ac- 
companied Prince John to Ireland, and was appointed 
Seneschal of the Pale, with a grant of the Barony of 
Dundalk, the Lordship of Clonmore, and other 
estates in the County of Louth. In his time the 
Borough of Dundalk was incorporated, and there he 
founded a Priory for the order of Cross-bearers. 
Nicholas, his son and heir, succeeded to these estates, 
and died, leaving issue only a daughter, who married 
Theobald le Botiller. Their son, John de Verdon, 
assumed the family name of his mother, and he it was 
who founded, in the time of Henry the Third, the 
Gray Friary at Dundalk. His son, Theobald de 
Verdon, was present at the Parliament of Westmin- 
ster in 1275, where he gave the important consent, 
that the same customs should be payable upon wool, 

* Rawdon Papers, p. 857. 

220 KING James's irish army list. 

wool-fells, and hides shipped from the ix)rts of his 
Liberties in Ireland, in the same manner as had been 
granted by the Archbishops, &c., of England upon 
wool, woolfells, &c., exported therefrom. In two years 
after and subsequently, he was engaged in those expedi- 
tions against Wales, which extinguished the struggles 
of that country for independence. In 1288, he was 
besieged in the Castle of Athlone, by Richard de 
Biirgo, the 'Red' Earl of Ulster, who then pretended 
title to the Lordship of Meath. He had frequent mili- 
tary summonses to King Edward's wars from that 
period, as one of the 'Fideles' of Ireland. In 1299, 
he was called on, as a Baron, to do service against 
the Scots, as was his son Theobald, the younger, in the 
same year, ' by reason of his father's declining health.' 
In 1310, this younger Theobald succeeded to the 
estates and honors of his father, then deceased. In 
three years after, he was appointed Lord Justice of 
Ireland, and died in 1314, leaving only female issue, 
"who," as Baron Finglas remarks in his Breviate, 
"being married to noblemen who dwelled still in Eng- 
land, and took such profits as they could get for a 
while, and sent small defence for their lands in Ire- 
land ; so as, within few years after, all their portions 
were lost except certain manors within the English 
Pale, which Thomas, Baron of Slane, and Sir Robert 
Hollywood, Sir John Cruise, and Sir John Bellew 
purchased in King Richard the Second's time ; and 
this hath been the decay of half of Meath, which did 
not obey the King's laws this hundred years and 


more." The name of De Verdon continued however 
to be represented in Louth by the male descendants 
of other sons of the founder. At the Parliament of 
York, in 1319, the King granted to Nicholas de Ver- 
don, (who was one of the next heirs male of John, 
who first, as before mentioned, assumed the name,) 
the manor of Mandevilleston, County of Louth ; 
which had come to the Crown by the surrender of 
Ralph Pipard. In 1335, Milo de Verdon, another of 
those male descendants, received a Royal Mandate to 
attend John D'Arcy, the Justiciary, with arms and 
horses in his expedition for the King's aid against 
Scotland.* In 1374, Patrick Verdon had summons 
to Parliament by writ, and in the same year, on the 
occasion of the memorable Parliament of Westmin- 
ster, to which Edward the Third required the attend- 
ance of a certain number of the Representatives of 
Irish interests, Richard de Verdon and Roger Gemon 
were chosen as members for the ancient borough of 

The above notices have been extracted from ' CoU 
lections for a History of Dundalk^ which the 
compiler of these 'Illustrations' had drawn up some 
years since, (never published) ; but to extend this 
article by the many other available annals of this 
great name would not be allowable ; here, therefore, 
it must suflSce to add, that in 1624 Christopher Ver- 
don died, seised in fee by a long ancestral line of suc- 

• D' Alton's Hist. Drogheda, v. 2, p. 84. 
t Idem, V. 1, p. 244. 


cession, of the Castle and manor of Clonmore, with 
mills, lands, &c., and of chiefries of the aforesaid 
manor of Mandevillstown ; leaving John Verdon, his 
eldest son and heir, then 22 years of age and married, 
and two other sons, Patrick and Robert. This John 
was the only one of the name attainted in 1642 ; and 
the ruins of the Castle which he and his ancestors 
had theretofore held at Clonmore, are still traceable. 
His namesake and descendant, John Verdon, (titu- 
larly) styled of Clonmore, was attainted in 1691, 
while the name of this William, who must have been 
of the family, does not appear in the Outlawries, nor 
does any other Verdon on this Army List. 


There is no other of this name on the List nor any 
in the Outlawries. 


Amongst the Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny in 
1646, was Thomas ' Heynes of Feathard,' but the 
name does not otherwise appear on this List, nor at 
all in the Outlawries. 









The Oolonel. Thomas Greene. 

Fnmcis Giffiurd, Bohert Lowich. 

Lieut. -Colonel. 
John Methmm, 


Robert Nugent. Isidore Delagarde. 

James Doddington. George Bamfield. 

Thomas Eceleston. Robert Chemock. 

Walter Hastings. George Oldfield. 

James Hobb. Charles Skelton. 
Edward Weddering- 


Edward Halj. Edward Conforth. 

Thomas Smallbone. Joseph Acton. 

John Hnis. 
Philemon MacCartie. 

Cormick 0*Sallivan. 
Michael Stritch. 
Thomas Selbj. 


This name is of Irish record from the time of Richard 
the Second. In 1403, Geoffrey Parker was consti- 
tuted Mayor of the Staple in Dublin. Immediately 
after, a John Parker filled the office of Grand Sergeant 
of the County of Kildare.* 

In 1552, John Parker was appointed Master of the 
Rolls in Ireland ; and he was in 1561, an Ecclesiasti- 
cal Commissioner. From him descended his name- 
sake, the above Colonel.f When, on the* 26th of 

Bolls in Chancery. 

t Graham's Derriana, p. 31. 


August, 1689, King James resolved on going to meet 
the recently landed Schomberg, he took with him to 
Drogheda a hundred of his own Horse Guards, with 
two hundred of Parker's Horse, for the object of being 
nearer to the enemy, where he might better observe 
their motions*. This Regiment sustained especial 
loss at the Battle of the Boyne, where several of its 
officers fell, and the Colonel was himself wounded. 
His Lieutenant-Colonel (then Greene), and his Major 
James Doddington, (Captain on this list) and many 
other officers were also killed ; " of the two squadrons 
of that Regiment, there came off only about thirty 
sound men."! It and Tyrconnel's suffered most on 
that critical day. In Clarke's Correspond- 
ence, preserved in the manuscripts of Trinity College, 
is a letterj written by Robert Southwell to George 
Clarke, Secretary of War, in which he recommends 
the bearer. Lieutenant Cleere, as " a person of prin- 
cipal consideration in the town of Clonmel, and ex- 
tremely zealous to promote His Majesty's service 
throughout the whole County. He lies under some 
hardships, which are not to be suffered towards such 
a person." An endorsement on the letter states that 
" said Cleere had taken several horses and brought in 
divers persons, and that he desires the horses he 
took from Colonel Parker's Troopers :" the prayer 
was granted. 

On the attainders of 1642, is the name of Edward 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 373. t Wem, p. 400. 

} Clarke's Corresp. MSS., v. 1, Letter 74. 


Parker described as of Templeogue, County of Dublin; 
on those of 1691, is this Parker, styled of the City of 
Dublin, Esq. While, in the claims preferred in 
1703, a John Parker made a remarkable one for 
£5,000, which he alleged to be due to him, on foot of 
a mortgage of lands and rectories in the County of 
Kildare, forfeited by the Earl of Tyrconnel ; but his 
claim was disallowed as false, and he was adjudged 

to pay £10,000. The name does not otherwise 

appear upon the Army List. 



This name does not occur here again, and Colonel 
Thomas appears to have early retired from the ser- 
vice ; as at the Boyne the Lieutenant-Colonel of this 
Regiment was Greene, who was killed there. The 
name is of high antiquity in Ireland, and to the 
memorable parliament of Westminster in 1376, the 
Clergy of the Diocese of Cashel sent John ' Geffard ' 
to be their Representative. In that of 1560, Henry 
* Geaflford ' was one of the Representatives of the 
Borough of Dungarvan. By the Act of Settlement 
in 1662, arrears of pay due to Sir Thomas Giflford, 
Baronet, then deceased, were directed to be paid to 
his relict Dame Martha Giflford. The Colonel, it 
would seem, was of this family. 



Is subject to much the same remarks as was the last 
officer. The Major at the Boyne was James Dodding- 
ton, the Captain on this muster. 


Promoted to the Majority and killed at the Boyne, as 
supra. A Captain Edward Doddington had the 
command of 100 foot soldiers under the Lord Presi- 
dent of Munster, in the war of that Province during 
the reign of Elizabeth. When, at the close of the 
year 1602, it was resolved to storm the Castle of 
Dunboy, a breach having been made that was con- 
sidered assailable, the decision of who was to lead the 
assault having been referred to the dice, it fell upon 
this Captain Doddington, who was * shot with two 
bullets in his body, but not mortal.'* 


A branch of the Ecclestons of Eccleston in Lancas- 
shire settled previous to this reign in the County of 
Louth, where, in the churchyard of Drumshallon, 
within the ruins of the old church, are monuments 
commemorating the family, from Walter Eccleston 

♦ Pacata Hibernia, pp. 568 & 674. 

park£r's horse. 227 

of Drumshallon, in December, 1675, to WiUiam, who 
died in August, 1798. A manuscript book of pedi- 
grees in Trinity College, Dublin, (F 3, 27) suggests 
that the said Walter was the son of Tristram Eccles- 
ton (who died in 1636), by his second wife Dorothy, 
daughterof William Cranshaw of Lancashire ; and that 
Tristram was himself the youngest son of James, who 
was the son of Hugh Eccleston of the house of Eccles- 
ton in Lancashire. 


A * Major ' Hastings, possibly this ' Captain,' was 
committed a prisoner to the Tower in 1690. 


This name is not again on this Army List, while on 
the Attainders only that of Eichard ' Hobbs ' of Creagh, 
County of Wexford, appears. 


He was attainted in 1691, by the description of 
Thomas Greene, Junior, of Corrstown, County of Kil- 
kenny ; but nothing more has been ascertained con- 
cerning him, nor what might be his kindred (as there 
probably was such,) with the Lieutenant-Colonel 



killed, as before mentioned, at the Boyne. The war- 
rant for pardon to a Nicholas Greene of Cork, dated 
in 1701, is preserved in Harris's MSS. in the Royal 
Dublin Society,* from which it appears that he was a 
merchant, and had transported the ' King's ' provisions 
to France in the ship ' James,' in time of war. His 
pardon was, however, granted, on the ground " that 
said Greene was ignorant of the freightage at the 
time ; that theretofore, while the Irish party was in 
possession of Cork and for ten years since, he had 
adhered to the Protestant religion and interest ; and 
that, when the Williamite forces landed in the har- 
bour of Cork, he was the person who, at the hazard 
of his life, guided them over that part of the sea 
which encompassed the east marsh next adjoining 
the said City, whereupon the garrison capitulated ; 
and that he hath shewed his affection to our interest 
by exposing his life whenever our affairs required 
his service ; and for that particularly, with his own 
hands, he took and brought in several proclaimed 
Traitors and Tories, who suffered punishment for their 
crimes, and that there were not wanting ample 

testimonies to his integrity." At the Court of 

Chichester House, in 1700, a John Greene claimed 
the benefit of a leasehold interest in " the Castle and 
great White House at Lucan," the land called the 
Wood, and several other premises, as forfeited by 
Patrick Sarsfield. His petition was however dismist 
for non-prosecution. 

• Vol. 10, p. 309. 


Parker's horse. 229 


None of these names occur again on the Army 
List, or at all on the Attainders. 


He appears to have been of a Wexford family. The 
Outlawries of 1691 present the names of James and 
Thomas Oldfield, of Duncannon in the County of 


A SKETCH of Pedigree of the Skeltons of Sleaty in 
the Queen's County, is preserved among the Manu- 
scripts of Trinity College, Dublin (F 3, 27) ; and, 
although the Christian name of this officer does not 
appear upon it, he may probably have belonged to 
the line. 

Sir Bevil Skelton was the first who, while Envoy 
at the Hague in 1688, having intercepted a letter by 
which he learned the meditated expedition of the 
Prince of Orange, communicated it to King James; but 


not being accredited, he only incurred hostility there- 
by, which led to his committal to the Tower. He 
was, however, within a few days made Lieutenant 
of the place which he had entered a prisoner.* 
On this ' List ' a Thomas Skelton appears Lieu- 
tenant in the King's Own Foot, while a James Skelton 
is described as one of the witnesses to the Capitu- 
lation of Galway, 21st July, 1691. In the Septem- 
ber following, this James, described as then a Colonel, 
was taken prisoner at the siege of Limerick, when 
defending the fort at Thomond Bridge. He died of 

the wounds he there sustained.f The Attainders 

of 1691 exhibit the names of John and Bevil Skelton 

of Dublin, and Maria Skelton, otherwise O'Brien. 

Another Colonel Skelton passed over with James the 
Second to France, and was Comptroller in the Estab- 
lishment at St. Germains.J 


QuARTER-MaBTERS, jjQgjj^(.TQjj 

None of these surnames occur again upon this List 
or on the Attainders. 

• Harris's Life of William III., p. 127. 

t Story's Impartial History, part 2, pp. 180 <fe 226, 

t Harleian Collections, v. 11, p. 391. 

park£r's horse. 231 


The Attainders of 1641 include the names of Sir 
William Hill, Knight, of Ballybeg or Allenstown, 
County of Meath : and of Philip and Patrick Hill of 
Dromyn, County of Wicklow. Those outlawed in 
1691 were Arthur, Dominick, and James Hill of 
Allenstown aforesaid, Gentlemen ; but no mention is 
made of a John Hill. 


This noble Sept was possessed of the ancient territory 
of Beara, comprising the modern Baronies of Beare 
and Bantry in the County of Cork, whence their 
Chiefs took their respective designations of the 
O'Sullivan Beare and the O'Sullivan Bantry ; while 
another branch, styled O'Sullivan More, lorded over 
Dunkerrin and part of Iveragh in the County of 
Kerry, and a third were Chiefe of Knockgraflfon in 
Tipperary. At the close of the twelfth century, 
Laurence O'Sullivan succeeded to the See of Cloyne ; 
as did Alan O'Sullivan thereto in 1240, in some 
years aft«r which he was promoted to that of Lismore, 
where he died in 1253. In 1376, the King, at the 
instance of " his faithful liege, MacCarty of Des- 
mond, Captain of his Nation," granted to Thomas 
(y *Soulevan,' and Mac Creagh O'Soulevan, liberty to 
pass over to the Court of Rome, provided they carried 


or did nothing prejudicial to the English King. The 
Four Masters relate that in 1398, Mac Cartie of 
Carbeny, in Cork, gave the O'Sullivan a complete 
overthrow, when two of his sons, Owen and Connor, 
with many others, were slain. They give melancholy 
importance to an annal of 1404, where it is said, " A 
contest arose between Mac Carty and O'Sullivan 
Buidhe ; and Turlogh Meith Mac Mahon was Mac 
Carty's admiral at that time, who overtook O'Sullivan 
at sea ; and also the sons of Dermod Mac Carty, 
who were aiding O'Sullivan against Mac Carthy ; he 
drowned O'Sullivan on that occasion, and took Donal, 
son of Dermod Mac Carthy, prisoner." In 1563, 
" O'Sullivan Beare, i. e. Donal, the son of Dermod, 
son of Donal, son of Donal, son of Dermod Balbh, (the 
stammerer) fell by the hand of a bad chief, namely, 
Mac Gillicuddy ; and though famous as had been his 
father Dermod, that Donal was a worthy heir to him ; 
and his kinsman, Owen O'Sullivan, succeeded in his 

In the year 1581, the son of O'Sullivan, i. e. Donal, 
the son of Donal, (of 1563) defeated the people of 
Carberry. " The manner in which that happened 
was this ; Captain Siuits (Zouch) having proceeded 
from Cork through Carberry to the monastery of 
Bantry, sent the sons of Turlogh, the son of Maol- 
murry, son of Donagh Mac Sweeny, the son of 
O'Donovan, and a number of the chiefs of Pobbles 
and of the gentlemen of Carberry, to plunder the 
son of O'Sullivan. The forces sent by the Captain 


having taken immense spoils and much booty, Donal 
thought it a great mortification to suffer his property 
to be carried away, and he himself alive ; and he 
therefore attacked the Irish clans who were about 
the booty, and it was verified on that day, that it is 
not by a numerous force that a battle is gained, for 
nearly three hundred of the Carberians were slain by 
Donal, although his own party did not number much 
more than fifty men who were able to fight in that 
battle." To Sir John Perrot's Parliament of 1585 
went "the O'Sullivan Beare, i. e. Owen, the son of 
Dermod, son of Donal, son of Donogh, son of Der- 
mod Balbh ; as also O'Sullivan More, i. e. Owen, son 
of Donal, son of Donal-na-Sgreadaighe." At the 
crisis of the Munster War, O'Neill and O'Donnell 
confided the command and control of their forces 
(according to the Four Masters) to the O'Sullivan 
Beare, then Donal, son of Donal, son of Dermod ; 
*for he was the chief commander of his party in Mun- 
ster, at that time, in wisdom and valour/ The 
O'Sullivans, who had many strong castles over their 
extent of maritime country, were inalienably at- 
tached to the Desmond (see the ' Pacata Hibemia ' 
passim). By that devotion, and the discomfiture at 
Kinsale, they suffered large confiscations, and their 
chie^ the aforesaid Donal or Daniel, retiring to 
Spain, distinguished himself there in military service 
under the title of Count of Berehaven.* 

In 1604, according to the state policy of the 

• Ferrar's Limeiick, p. 174. 


time, Dermot, Daniel, and Cnogher O'Sullivan, de- 
scribed as sons of Daniel O'Sullivan More, deceased, 
surrendered all their lands and chiefiies in Kerry, 
with the object of obtaining a re-grant thereof to 
them in fee from the Crown. In the following year, 
at the Royal instance, a similar surrender and re- 
grant of the estates of Owen O'Sullivan, called the 
O'Sullivan More, was effected by patents, with an 
arrangement for the extinction of that Captaincy, 
and for granting said Owen the title of Baron in 
lieu thereof. He had afterwards, in 1612, an en- 
larged grant of various Castles, Lands, Fisheries, 
Duties, Markets, Courts, Tolls, and Chief Rents, as 
formerly granted to his father ' Sir' Owen O'Sullivan, 
(the rents having been payable to the Earl of Des- 
mond) to hold same to him, the said Owen, in tail 
male.* In 1613, Sir Thomas Roper had a grant of 
large estates in Munster, and amongst these were 
" parcels of the estates of Teigue Mc Daniel C'Swelli- 
van,' and of Owen M'Donnell M'Donough O'Swellivan, 
late of Cahirdonellmore, both slain in rebellion." In 
1632, when the sea at the south of Ireland was in- 
fested with Algerine Rovers, the Lord President of that 
Province, in a letter to the Lords Justices, in reference 
to the precautions he had taken to secure the coast of 
Cork, writes : — "Mr. Daniel O'SuUivan has a house of 
reasonable strength at Berehaven, and takes upon 
him to defend it and Ballygobbin ; he promises to 

• Rolls, Temp. Jac. 1, in CaDC. Hib. 

Parker's horse. 235 

erect five beacons upon the Dorseys, and four upon 
the great island. I have directed O'Sullivan More, 
who lives on the river of Eenmare, to take warning 
from the beacon erected on the promontory over the 
Dorseys, and by one of his own, to assemble his 
tenants and servants at his strong and defensible 
castle ; but I think this caution needless, as the 
inhabitants on both sides of that river are but few, 
till as far up as Glaneraught, where the pirates dare 
not venture."* 

In the Attainders of 1642 were Donell O'Sullivan 
Beare, of Berehaven, PhOip O'Sullivan of Loughandy, 
Owen of InQhiclough and Drimdavane, Donell Mac 
Owen of Drumgarvan, John Mac Dermody of Der- 
ryne, Gillicuddy O'Sullivan of Traghprashy, Connor 
O'Sullivan of Loughane, and Owen Neagh O'Sullivan 

of Drumgowlane, all in the County of Cork. This 

Sept was represented at the supreme Council of Kil- 
kenny by O'Sullivan More of Dunkeiran, and Daniel 
O'Sullivan of Culmagort ; while the Declaration of 
Boyal gratitude, in the Act of Settlement, preserves 
the names of Captain Dermot O'Sullivan of Kilmeloe, 
Lieutenant O'Sullivan of Fermoyle, and Ensign 
Owen O'Sullivan, all in the County of Cork. 

Of these outlawed in 1691, were Daniel O'Sullivan 
of Rosmacone, McDermott Cnogher Sullivan, and 
Cornelius Sullivan of Shiskeen ; Owen MacMurtough 
Sullivan of Berehaven, John Mac Murtough Sulli- 
van of Lanlaurence, Thady Sullivan of Killiebane, 

• Smith's Cork, v. 1, p. 279. 


Clerk, all in the County of Cork ; with Dermot Mac 
Donell ' Soolevane ' of Litton, and Florence ' Soole- 
vane ' of Nodden in the County of Kerry. In 1696, 
Henry Lord Shelbume passed patent for lands of the 
O'Sullivan More in the Barony of Dunkerron, County 
of Kerry, his widow Mary receiving jointure off part 

thereof. ^"At the Court of Claims, however, 

Daniel 0' ' Sullevane,' styled, ' More,' claimed and was 
allowed a fee by descent from Daniel O'Sullivan, his 
grandfather, in the romantic district of Thomies at 
Killamey, forfeited by Sir Nicholas Browne ; while 
Sheely Sullivane, widow and executrix of Donald 
Sullevane More, and Desmond Sullevane, their son 
and heir, claimed interests in Cork lands, forfeited by 
the Earl of Clancarty. Teigue Sullevane sought a 
freehold near Killamey, also forfeited by Nicholas 
Brown, but his petition was dismist ; while William 
Sullevane claimed and was allowed a freehold in 
Kerry lands, forfeited by Valentine Brown; and 
Daniel Sullevane and Henrietta his wife, for them- 
selves and their children, petitioned (but were dis- 
mist) for freeholds and remainders in the Counties 
of Wicklow, Kildare, and Kilkenny, — the confiscations 
of Sir Edward Scott. 

A Sullivan was the lasfc companion of the unfortu- 
nate Prince Charles Edward, and shared all the hard- 
ships and perils of his outcast days in Scotland. 

At Ypres, in 1745, Tim O'Sullivan and Florence 
Sullivan were of the wounded ; while at the battle of 
Lauffield, in 1747, Murtough Sullivan of Clare's 


Brigade was wounded, and subsequently Major O'Sul- 
livan was for many years Town-Major of Prague.* — 
" There is (1750) in Spain," writes Smith, in his 
History of Cork, (vol. 1, p. 294) " a descendant of 
O'Sullivan Bear, who is ennobled and called the 
Count of Berehaven, and is also said to be hereditary 

Governor of the Groyne." In the American War, 

John Sullivan supereeded Arnold in the command of 
the American army in Canada, in June, 1776 ; but 
was soon driven out of that Province. He was after- 
wards distinguished in the battles of Brandywine and 
Germantown. In 1778, he laid siege to Newport, 
and in the following year commanded an expedition 
against the Six Nations of Indians in the State of 
New York ; but resigned his command in chagrin at 
the end of that year. In 1786, 1787, and 1789, he 
was Governor of New Hampshire, and died in January, 


The Stritches are located on Ortelius's Map in the 
Barony of Small-County, Limerick. When Ireton 
took that City in 1651, Alderman Thomas Stritch 
was one of the citizens excluded from mercy. In 
May, 1640, Nicholas Stritch, as son and heir of Rich- 
ard Stritch of Limerick, sued out 'livery' of his 

* Burke's Landed Gentry, p. 498. 
t Gent. Mag., 1855, p. 122. 


estates from the Court of Ward. Besides this oflScer, 
Stephen ' Stretch' is, in the present Army List, an 
Ensign in Sir Charles O'Bryan's Infantry (post). 
On the Outlawries of 1691 the above Quarter-Master 
is described as of Kilrush, County of Clare; an 
Edward 'Stretch' of Limerick was likewise then 
attainted. At the Court of Claims none were pre- 
ferred against estates of the Stritches ; but Bartholo- 
mew Stritch, as son and heir of Patrick Stritch, 
claimed and was allowed a mortgage charged on lands 
in Clare, forfeited by Daniel Mulloney. 


This name does not otherwise occur on the List, nor 
on the Attainders. The ' Pacata Hibemia' makes 
mention, (p. 656) of a Thomas Selby, Lieutenant to 
Captain Francis Slingsby, in the War of Munster, 
temp. Elizabeth, who, in a sharp engagement with the 
* Rebels' of that Province, succeeded in taking from 
them 2000 cows, 4,000 sheep, and 1000 ' garrans' 

purcell's horse. 





The Colonel. James Fitzgerald. 

Robert Pnroell, Thomas PnroelL 

Gharks Mc Domiel, 


John Everard. 
Daniel Mo Carthj. 
Anthonjr Morres. 
James Batler, of 

Michael Kemj. 
Cornelias Meagher. 
Piers Power. 
John Kenned jr. 
Theobald PnroelL 
Theobald Bntler. 


James Bntler. 
Anthonjr PnrcelL 

Thomas Travers. 
Bryan Meagher. 
Owen Mc Carthjr. 
Hugh Kennedjr. 
Hngh PnrcelL 
Thomas Meagh. 


William Bannon. 
Daniel Qninn. 

James Tnmj. 
John Fitzgerald. 
Edmund Meagher. 
Richard Keating. 
James Wale. 


The meagre Army List printed in the Somers' Col- 
lection of Tracts, (vol. XL p. 411) classes this Regi- 
ment among the Dragoons, and reports its strength 
as twelve troops, totting 720 men. It was chiefly 
raised in Tipperary. Sir Hugh Purcell, the ancestor 
of this family in Ireland, married Beatrix, daughter of 
Theobald Butler. The name was early introduced 
into Munster, where it soon became so numerous 
that the rolls of licences for protection and pardon 
in the year 1310, (in prudence then necessitated) 
include no less than thirteen adult Purcells ; while 

240 KING James's irish army list. 

eight years previously Hugh, Philip, Maurice, and 
Adam Purcell were of the Irish magnates summoned 
to the Scottish war. A friary for Conventual Francis- 
cans was founded in 1240, at Wateiford, by the Lord 
' Hugh Purcell,' who was interred there in the same 
year.* John Purcell, Abbot of St. Thomas's Monastery 
of Dublin, having given credence to the pretensions of 
Lambert Simnel, was obliged in 1488 to sue out pardon 
and to take the oath of allegiance before Sir Richard 
Edgecombe. In 1538, Philip Purcell was Abbot of 
Holy-Cross, as was subsequently John Purcell Prior 
of St. John's Abbey, Kilkenny, where his tomb of 
black marble is yet to be seen.f In the reigns of 
Elizabeth and James, Purcells were seised of many 
castles and manors in Kilkenny. The only individual 
of this name attainted in 1642, was William Purcell of 
Irishtown, County of Kildare, clerk. Robert Purcell, 
styled ' of Curry,' was one of the Supreme Council in 
1646. When Limerick was taken by Ireton in 
1651, Major-Greneral Purcell was one of the garrison 
excluded from mercy ;J and in the following year 
Cromwell, by his Act 'for settling Ireland,' further 
excepted this Major-General from pardon for life and 
estate. During the time of the Commonwealth, an 
Inquisition was directed and a survey made of the 
parish of Crumlin, County of Dublin, by Royal Com- 
mission, and a map was drawn (which is in the 
possession of Ignatius Francis Purcell, the present 

• Archdall'sMon. Hib., p. 704. t Ware's Bishops, p. 459. 
{ Leland's Ireland, v. 8, p. 402. 

purcell's horse. 241 

proprietor) by which it is shown that the Purcells 
were then, as they had been for a long time previously, 

the owners of neariy the whole parish. By the 

Act of Settlement (1663), Theobald Purcell was con- 
firmed in his estate, as was also Philip Purcell of 
Ballyfoyle, County of Kilkenny ; while the Declaration 
of Royal gratitude therein, * for services beyond the 
seas,' especially named James Purcell of Knockmoe, 
[Loughmow] County of Tipperary. He ranked in 
1670 as the titular Baron of that ancient place, and 
was grand-nephew of the first Duke of Ormonde. Of 
this very ancient line a full pedigree is given in 
a genealogical manuscript in T.C.D. (F. iv. 18). 

On the present Army List, besides the Colonel and 
six other Purcells in this Regiment, a James Purcell 
was Lieutenant in Lord Clare's Dragoons, Edmund 
Purcell in Lord Mountcashel's Infantry, Owen in 
Colonel Edward Butler's, and Peter in the King's Own. 
In Sir Michael Creagh's, Richard Purcell was a Cap- 
tain ; in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's, Nicholas Purcell 
was an Ensign ; and in Lord Galmoy's Horse, James 
Purcell was a Comet (he was wounded at Derry) ; 
while this latter was also the name of a Colonel of 
Infantry in the service. A Robert Purcell stands on 
the Establishment of 1687-8 for a pension of £253 
per annum. 

The above Colonel Nicholas was titular Baron of 
Loughmow. In 1686, he was added to the King's 
Privy Council of Ireland, and in 1689 was one of 
the Representatives of the County of Tipperary in the 

242 KING James's irish army list. 

Parliament of Dublin. That Parliament was yet sit- 
ting when King James wrote to Lieutenant-General 
Hamilton, then 'at the camp of Deny/ that he had 
ordered 'Purcell's Dragoons' to Belturbet ; and the 
achievements of this Regiment, within four miles of 
Enniskillen, are commended by another despatch from 
the Duke of Berwick to the same Lieutenant-General. 
Late on the fatal day of the battle of the Boyne, 
King James, yet ignorant that his rival had passed 
the river at Old Bridge, took the reserve, which con- 
sisted of Colonel Purcell's Horse and Browne's Infan- 
try, to where he found Lausun drawn up in battle 
array, with intent to charge the enemy's right, which 
stood on his front within cannon-shot; while however 
he was considering this movement, he received intima- 
tion of the state of the field, and the attempt, which 
James projected, was pronounced by Sarsfield and 
Maxwell to be impracticable.* On Lord Tyrconnel's 
subsequent departure to France, Colonel Nicholas Pur- 
cell, who was a zealous adherent of Sarsfield, was of the 
Deputation despatched by the war party to St. Grer- 
mains, to solicit their King to remove Tyrconnel from 
the government of this country.f On the passage, 
according to 0'Conor,J "he and Colonel Henry Lut- 
trel designed to throw overboard Brigadier Maxwell, 
who was the accredited agent of the Duke of Berwick, 
and who, as these 'conspirators' were aware, had 

* O'Callaghan's Excidium MacaricBj p. 352. 
t Clarke 8 James II., v. 2, p. 422. 
X O'Conor's Military Mem. p. 128. 

purcell's hoese. • 243 

secret instructions to apprise the King that the 
Duke's object in placing them on the mission was, that 
his Majesty might have the facility of detaining 
them in France, as in Ireland they were 'the fire- 
brands of the army.'" Colonel Nicholas was afterwards 
one of those who negotiated and signed, on behalf of 
the Irish, the Treaty of Limerick. He was then 
most active in his endeavours to dissuade his country- 
men f5pom taking service with foreign powers, and 
rather to enlist in the English army. O'Conor 
accordingly represents his Regiment as one of those 
that, with Clifford's, Luttrell's, Lord Iveagh's, Dillon's, 
and *Hussey's,' turned over to the new government. 
"The recreants," says that writer, "were mustered 
near the General's quarters, and regaled with bread, 
cheese, brandy, tobacco, and a fortnight's subsistence, 
to steel them against the reproaches of their country- 
men, and drown any scruples of conscience or honour, 

that might induce them to return to their colours. 

Colonel Nicholas was, nevertheless, attainted in 1691, 
with Ignatius and John Purcell of Crumlin, Robert 
and James Purcell of Dublin, John of Connehy, County 
of Kilkenny, Thomas of Clillenclin, Theobald of Clone, 
(who was found seized of 1478 acres in the Barony 

of Galmoy,) Purcell, son of John Purcell of 

Lissinane, in the County of Kilkenny, Robert Fitz- 
Theobald Purcell of the City of Kilkenny, Edward of 
Cork, Nicholas of Loughbricyand, County of Down, 
Tobias Purcell of Maynard, Queen's County, and 
Philip Purcell of Fleskhugh, County of Galway. Of 


244 KING James's irish army list. 

all these outlaws only Ignatius Purcell obtained a par- 
don from the Crown. At the Court of Claims, 
Colonel Nicholas Purcell and Ellen his wife claimed 
and were allowed her portion off Cork and Kerry 
lands, forfeited by Lord Kenmare and Nicholas his 

It may be mentioned that in March, 1691, (accord- 
ing to Story,*) Lieutenant-Colonel Toby Purcell, on 
several occasions, in King William's service, killed one 
hundred of the Rapparees in the County of Longford. 
He subsequently, in June of that year, was appointed 
Governor of Ballymore, with five companies of the 
Ee^ment of General Douglas, who had gone off to 
Flanders.f In July following, he was one of three 
hostages exchanged for three others of James's army, 
pending the negotiations for the capitulation of 
Galway.J After the war, he was appointed Go- 
vernor of the fort of Duncannon, and on a repre- 
sentation of his services theretofore, especially at 
Newry, memorialed King William for a confirmation ot 
certain lands in Tipperary to him.§ Story relates 
that a Major Purcell was killed at Aughrim; while, 
according to another authority,|| Baron Purcell of 
Loughmow and his son were kOled there. 

The family above alluded to as of Crumlin, County of 
Dublin, had removed thither from Munster at so early 

* Impartial History, part 2, p. 60. 
t Idem, p. 93. J Iddm, p. 164. 

§ Thorpe's Cat. Southwell MSS., 247. 
II Rawdon Papers, p. 351. 

purcell's noRSE. 245 

a period, that in the muniments of St. Patrick s Cathe- 
dral is recorded a petition of John Purcell, Esq., claim- 
ing a right to be buried in the chancel of the Church of 
Crumlin, as a privilege which his ancestors had en- 
joyed time out of mind, and this his claim was so 
proved and allowed. The privilege of burial in the 
chancel was only conceded in early times to the 
lord of the fee, which in Crumlin is still vested in 
Ignatius Francis Purcell. 

Many Purcells followed the fortunes of James the 
Second to the Continent, and were distinguished in 
the armies of France, Spain, and Portugal. 


This name is considered of Danish origin ; if so, it has 
been very generally planted over England, especially 
in the southern parts of that island, earlier than it 
came into Ireland; where it is recorded that, in 1131, 
Everard died Abbot of Mary's Abbey.* In 1356, 
John ' Everhard ' was one of those influential pro- 
prietors, within what was distinguished as the County 
of the Cross of Tipperary, who then elected its Sherifll 
The persons who exercised this authority with him 
were John ' Mauncell,' Knight ; Robert ' Wodlock,' 
Simon Cantwell, James Warner, Thomas ' Walleys,' 
Thomas Taunt, John ' Mauclerk,' William Sause, 
Robert Burtuin, with fourteen others; and the person 

* Rolls in Chancery. 

246 KING James's irish army list. 

whom they elected to this oflSce was Andrew Haket. 
Laurence Everard was one of those who, in 1415, 
fought at the battle of Agincourt, a place not gene- 
erally known to be identified with the now peaceful 
site of St. Omer's. In 1531, Sir Thomas Everard 
was chosen Prior of the Religious House of St. John 
the Baptist, at Dublin. A genealogical manuscript 
in Trinity College, Dublin, (F. iii. 27) contains a 
sketch of the lineage of the Everards of Fethard, for 
six generations, of the fifteenth and sixteenth cen- 

In Sir John Perrot's Parliament of 1585, Redmond 
Everard was one of the Representatives of the County 
of Tipperary. In 1603, John Everard of Fethard 
was appointed a Justice of the King's Bench in Ire- 
land ; he was afterwards knighted, and had a grant 
of various manors, castles, towns, and lands in the 
Counties of Tipperary and Waterford.* In 1612, he 
was elected Speaker of the House of Commons by the 
recusant party, having resigned his Judgeship sooner 
than take the oath of supremacy. This election was 
however over-ruled, and Sir John Davis, the King's 
Attorney-General, was substituted. Richard Ever- 
ard of Everard's Castle, the second son of said Sir 
John, was one of the Confederate Catholics in 1646 ; 
and was in 1651 condemned to die, when Ireton 
took Limerick.f His eldest son. Sir Redmond of 
Fethard, Baronet, was by the Act of Settlement (1662) 
restored to his principal seat and two thousand acres 

* Rolls in Chancery. f Lelaud's Ireland, v. 3, p. 402. 

purcell's horse. 247 

of land ; while the Declaration of Royal gratitude in 
the same Act recognised his services beyond the seas. 
He married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Richard 
Butler of Kilcash/ County of Tipperary, a brother of 
the whole blood to the Duke of Ormonde ; and by 
her had issue two sons, Sir John his eldest, and James 
Everard his second son, with four daughters. Sir 
Redmond died in Dublin in February 1686, and was 
buried in Trinity Church, Fethard ; as testified by a 
Funeral Entry in Birmingham Tower avouched by 
Sir John Everard, his eldest son. The will of Sir 
Redmond is of record in the Rolls Office, Dublin. 
Another fiineral entry, in Birmingham Tower, 
certifies the burial in St. Werburgh's church on the 
7th June, 1661, of Nicholas Everard, son of John, son 
of Nicholas, son of Sir John, son of Redmond ; and 
that the first named Nicholas died, a bachelor, as at- 
tested by Redpiond Everard, his heir. 

On this Army List, besides Captain John, appear 
of the Everard family Lucas, a Captain in Lord 
Slane's Infantry ; as was James in Colonel Thomas 
Butlers ; while in Sir Michael Creagh's, Patrick 
Everard was a Lieutenant and Andrew Everard an 
Ensign. This Patrick represented Kells in King 
James's Parliament, where Sir John, the Baronet, was 
one of the members for the County of Tipperary. 
This last individual was killed at the battle of Augh- 
rim,* and seems identical with the above Captain 
John, of this Regiment. Another Everard, ranked 

♦ Story's Impartial Hist, part 2, p. 138. 

248 KING James's irish army ust. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, and described as of Randalstown, 
County of Meath, (but not on this List) was adjudged 
within the benefit of the Articles of Limerick ; while 
of those attainted were Matthew of Randalstown, 
Patrick of Navan, Lucas of Fyanstown, and Thomas 
of Oristown, aU in the County of Meath ; with Sir 
John of Fethard, and James of the County of Water- 

In 1697, a part of the Meath estate of Patrick 
Everard was granted to Arthur Padmore and Joshua 
Dawson, as were in 1702 the Tipperary estates of Sir 
John of Fethard, partly to Richard Burgh of Grove, 
and partly to David Lowe of Knockelly in said 
County ; and a portion of his Waterford estates to 
James Roche, in consideration of his services at 
Derry. In 1703, a further section of Patrick Eve- 
rard's Meath property was purchased by Alderman 
John Leigh of Drogheda, from the Commissioners of 
the Forfeited Estates, and another by the Hollow 
Swords 'Blades' Company. Estates of his in the 
County of Roscommon were acquired on similar title 
by Richard Lloyd of Cavetown ; and others, in the 
County of Longford, by James Johnston of Little- 
mount, County of Fermanagh. At Chichester 

House, in 1700, Matthias Everard claimed, as son 
and heir of Thomas Everard, an estate in fee in the 
Meath forfeitures of the aforesaid Patrick ; whOe, on 
the whole estate of Sir John Everard, Margaret Eve- 
rard claimed and was allowed a portion, as were John 
and Christopher Everard sundry interests. James 

purcell's horse. 249 

Butler and Anstace his wife also claimed interests in 
the said forfeitures of Sir John and in those of Pierse 

In 1733, Sir Richard Everard, of the Fethard 

lineage, died Governor of North Carolina. In 

1750, under a decree in the cause of Dawson v. Eve- 
rard, a considerable remnant of the Everard estates 
was sold out of their possession. 


The O'Kennedys were, according to native chronicles, 
of the Dalcassian race, and possessed for centuries the 
district known in later years as the Barony of Upper 
Ormond, County of Tipperary. The Four Masters 
very faithfully record the succession of the chiefe of 
this Sept to the days of Queen Elizabeth ; and the 
venerable Annals of Tigemach relate the death of 
Cathal O'Kennedy, ' King of the Kinselaghs,' at so 
early, a period as 758. In 1159, say the former 
historians, Gildas Kevin O'Kennedy, Prince of Or- 
mond, died in pilgrimage at Killaloe ; as did Donal, 
son of Teigue O'Kennedy, Lord of Ormond, in 1180. 
In 1252, Donald O'Kennedy, Bishop of Killaloe, was 
interred in the Dominican friary of Nenagh, which his 
Sept had founded. In 1599, died O'Kennedy Fion, 
namely, Anthony, son of Donogh Oge, son of Hugh, 
son of Aulaffe ; and GioUa Dhu O'Kennedy was 
named The O'Kennedy. Sir Oliver Lambert, Blnight 


and Privy Councillor, had a large grant in 1605 of 
various estates of this family, forfeited by their rebel- 
lion in the Munster wars. Cromwell's Act of 1652 
excepted from pardon for life and estate (inter alios) 
John O'Kennedy of Dunally, County of Tipperary. 
In the counter-action of Royal gratitude, the acknow- 
ledgment of 1662, for services beyond the seas, 
includes the names of Captain Philip and Lieu- 
tenant Daniel Kennedy ; while in the same year Sir 
Richard Kennedy of Mount Kennedy, Baronet, was 
appointed a Baron of the Irish Exchequer. 

In the List of proposed Sheriffs, submitted to the 
Earl of Clarendon in 1685, the name of Sir Robert 
Kennedy was given in for Wicklow, with the obser- 
vation, " If to be judged by his intimates, extremely 
whiggish." On which suggestion Lord Clarendon 
comments, " An honest gentleman, descended from 
loyal parents, who were in the Usurper's time sufferers 
for their loyalty ; and himself an active Justice of the 

Peace."* Besides Lieutenant John Kennedy, this 

Army List presents Kennedy Mac Kennedy, a Quarter- 
Master in Colonel Francis Carroll's Dragoons. 

The Outlawries of 1691 include the names of 
Michael Kennedy of Tureen, County of Westmeath, 
John, Thomas and Darby Kennedy of Dublin ; 
William Kennedy of Mount Kennedy, County of 
Wicklow, popularly called 'Lord William Kennedy' ; 
Edmund of Tintern, County of Wicklow ; Daniel of 
Kilbrubrickley, County of Mayo ; William of Finns- 

* Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, &c.yol. 1, p. 285. 

purcell's horse. 251 

town, County of Dublin, (houses of his in the City 
of Dublin, including Kennedy's-lane, were purchased 
in 1703 by John Asgill from the Trustees of the for- 
feited estates,) and Donogh O'Kennedy of the County 
of Galway, on whose estate Morgan Kennedy claimed 
a remainder in tail, but his petition was dismist. 

In 1747, at the fight of Lauffield, near Maestricht, 
Captain Bryan Kennedy of Bulkeley's Irish Brigade, 
was killed; while in Dillon's, Lieutenant Charles 
Kennedy was killed, and Captains John and Joseph 
were wounded.* 


This surname does not again occur upon the List ; 
nor at all upon the Outlawries of 1691 ; while those 
of 1642 have the names of Robert, Luke, and William 
* Travers' of Ballykea, County of Dublin, and Patrick 
Travers, of the same place. Clerk. Sir John Travers, 
who seems to have been of a family located at Bally- 
kea aforesaid, died in 1561. In the confiscations of 
1691, William Travers of the Ballykea line forfeited 
120 acres in the parish of Lusk^ County of Dublin. 
It may be presumed that Cornet Thomas ' Traver ' 
was of his family. 

• Gent. Mag., ad atm., p. 377. 

252 KING James's irisii army list. 


Neither does this name again occur upon this List ; 
but on the Attainders of 1642 appears John Meagh 
of Loughurke, County of Cork. On the Establish- 
ment of 1687-8 is an entry of £6 13s. 4d. rent, 
charged as " payable to Patrick Meagh for the lands 
of Castlelinny Park, whereon the fort near the har- 
bour of Kinsale doth stand." In the Parliament 

of 1689, Henry Meagh sat as one of the Representa- 
tives of the Borough of Knocktopher. His name is 
on the Outlawries of 1691, with that of David 
Meagh of * Moyaller,' County of Cork. 

In St. Mary's Church, Youghal, is a large altar 
tomb to the memory of Peter ' Miagh,' who was 
mayor of that ancient Borough in 1630, and died in 
1633. 'The plinth,' says the Rev. Mr. Hayman, in 
his interesting account of this Church, {History of 
Youghal)^ 'has a skeleton in a shroud rudely engraven 
on its outer face. Above it rise Corinthian columns, 
between which are armorial bearings. Two figures 
of angels surmount these pillars, and on the summit is 
a third, clad in loose drapery, the right pointing up- 
ward and the left bearing a cross. This mooument 
was erected by his widow Phelisia Nagle.' 

In relation to this surname, John de Wale was in 

purcell's horse. 253 

1348, advanced to the see of Ardfert, as was Stephen 
de Wale to that of Limerick in 1360 ; the latter was 
promoted to Meath in 1369. In 1475, James Wale 
succeeded to the Bishoprick of Kildare, and in 1585, 
David Wale was one of the Representatives of the 
Borough of Fethard, Tipperary, in Sir John Perrot's 
parliament. In 1618, Sampson Theobalds had a grant 
from the Crown of the castle, town and lands of 
Maginstown, County of Tipperary ; parcel of the 
estates of Richard Wale attainted.* An Inquisition 
post mortem^ taken at Carlow, 14th of June, 1620, 
supplies the links of descent of 'Wales' of that County 
for three past generations ;f while the monimients 
in the Cathedral of Kilkenny commemorate various 

'Wales' of the vicinity in the seventeenth century. 

The Attainders of 1642 present the names of James 
Wale of Clonmulk, County of Carlow ; and those of 
1696, include Philip Wale of Drogheda, merchant, 
and Lucas Wale of Crehelp, County of Wicklow. 
The name of Quarter-Master James Wale does not 
appear amongst them, nor does that of Matthew 
Wale, who was an Ensign in the Infantry Regiment 
commanded by Fitz-James, the Grand Prior. 

♦ Rot. Pat. 15, Jac. 1 in Cane. Hib. 
t Inqtds. in Cane. Hib. 


AU the foregoing Regiments of Horse were engaged 
at Aughrim, together with two Troops of Horse- 
Guards (the Duke of Berwick's, and Lord Dover's ;) 
and also a Troop of Horse-Grenadiers commanded by 
Colonel Butler, and other Regiments of Horse under 
Lord Balmallock, the Earl of Westmeath, and Lord 
Merrion, respectively. 



Regiments of Dragoons. 

1. Lord Dongan's (now Earl of Limerick). 

2. Sir Neill O'Neill's. 

3. Lord Clare's. 

4. Colonel Simon Luttrell's. 

5. Colonel Robert Cufford's. 

6. Colonel Francis Carroll's. 

[7. Brigadier Thomas Maxwell's]. 





The Colonel. 
Francis Carroll, 

Conlj Geoghegan, 

WUliam Arohbold. 
Cormock O'NeilL 
Olirer Plonkett. 
Daniel O'Neill. 
Charles Moore. 
Lord Kingsland. 
Richard Bellew. 
John Mao Namara. 
Piers Archbold. 
Patrick Nngent. 
James Carroll. 

Thomas Carenagh. 
James Carroll. 

Comets. Qfiarttr'Masters, 

Thomas Kellj. Phelim Fox. 

Cormack * Eggan.* Robert Qnin. 

Michael Archbold. Garrett Fitcgerald. Francis Bowers. 

Arthur 0*NeilL James Geoghegan. Peter Dobbin. 

Henry Talbot. Walter Fitxgerald. Richard Netterrille. 

Patrick Nugent. John Mappas. Richard Archbold. 

John Hurlj. Nicholas Darcy. Simon Brioe. 

William Talbot. James Bellew. James Wolrerston. 

George Talbot. Piers Butler. William Nugent 

James Archbold. Thomas Dongan. 

John Mapas. Richard Archbold. 

William Carroll John Begg. 

dongan's dragoons. 257 


This surname appears to have been of native and Mi- 
lesian origin ; or, if it came over from England, it was 
very soon naturalized. In 1387, Dermot O'Dongan 
was presented, by the Marquess of Dublin, to a bene- 
fice within the Diocese of Limerick; and in 1392 the 
King granted to Thomas 'O'Dongyn,' chaplain, and an 
admitted * Irishman,' the liberty of using the English 
tongue and law ; and the native annalists speak of 
the ancient Sept of O'Donnegan, who were extensive 
proprietors in the half Barony of Orrery, County of 

In 1395, John Dongan, a Benedictine Monk, who 
had been previously Bishop of Derry, was translated 
to the See of Down ; Henry the Fourth constituted 
him Seneschal of Ulster, and in 1405 joined him in a 
Commission to eflTectuate a peace between Sir Donald 
Mac Donald, Lord of the Isles, and his brother John 
of the one part, and on the other the merchants of 
Drogheda and Dublin, who had twice led harassing 

forays into Scotland: this prelate died in 1412.f 

After the Dissolution, William Dongan had a grant 
of the beautiful Abbey of Ennis, with a mill, an eel 
and salmon weir, and houses and gardens ' in the vil- 
lage.' In Queen Mary's Charter of Restitution to St. 
Patrick's Cathedral (1555), John Dongan was named 
the Prebendary of Howth. Another John Dongan, 

♦ Annals of the Four Masters (Geraghty's), p. 176, n. 
t Ware's Bishops, p. 201. 


258 KING James's irish army list. 

who had been Second Remembrancer of the Exche- 
quer in the time of Henry the Eighth, was a propri- 
etor in the City of Dublin, and in the Counties of 
Carlow and Kildare. He died about 1594, as shown 
by Inquisitions post martem then taken. This was 
the ancestor of the above Lord Dongan, and he 
devised his estates to Walter Dongan, his eldest son 
and heir, with remainders, in failure of his issue, to 
William, Edward, and Thomas Dongan, his second, 
third, and fourth sons, in tail male successively ; and, 
on failure of all these lines, to Thomas Dongan, the 
brother of said testator, John.* This Walter, styled 
of Abbotstown, County of Dublin, brought four 
archers on horseback to the general Hosting on the 
hill of Tara in 1593, for the Barony of Navan. He 
was created a Baronet by King James. In 1615 he 
made a settlement of all his estates, and in the follow- 
^ ing year passed patent for the manor of Kildrought 
(Castletown), where he and his descendants thence- 
forth resided ; with various lands, castles, mills, weirs, 
and woods, also the manor of Sherlockstown, and 
other possessions in the County of Kildare and 
the County and City of Dublin.f He died in 1626, 
leaving John Dongan, his son and heir, then aged 
twenty-three and married. This Sir John Dongan, 
on his father's death, took up his residence at Castle- 
town, in the County of Kildare. He was a member 
of the Irish Parliament of 1634. Of his family were 
Thomas Dongan, junior, and Oliver Dongan, attainted 

♦ Inq. post mortem, 18 Jac. I. f Patent Roll in Ganc. Hib. 

doxgan's dragoons. 259 

in 1642, and described in their Outlawries as 'of 
Castletown ;' while his son, Walter, was one of the 
Confederate Catholics assembled in four years after 
at Kilkenny. In 1644, Thomas Dongan was ap- 
pointed a Justice of the King's Bench, and subse- 
quently (in 1651,) promoted to be a Baron of the 

Exchequer.- On the Restoration, William Dongan, 

who had been a Knight and Baronet, was created a 
Viscount. He was married on the Continent, which 
necessitated the Act styled in the Commons Journals, 
"for the naturalization of Maria Euphemia ' Dungan,' 
Walter 'Dungan,' Esq. and Ursula 'Dungan,' his 
issue bom beyond the seas ;" while he was advanced 
to the Earldom of Limerick. 

Of him the Earl of Clarendon wrote, in August, 
1686, to the Earl of Rochester, " My Lord Limerick 
was with me. I must needs say he is always very 
civil to me, notwithstanding his relations. He makes 
wonderful professions of obligations he had to my 
father, and likewise to yourself. He tells me sad sto- 
ries of the ill condition of his own fortune, how he 
was forced to sell £400 per annum to pay the debts 
which he contracted in the King's service, and that 
he never had any thing since the King's Restoration ; 
that the late King promised, and his present Majesty 
said he would make that promise good, that he should 
have a pension of £500 per annum, till £5,000 was 
paid. This morning my Lord Dongan was with me, 
and desired I would send the enclosed letter upon the 


260 KING James's irish army list. 

same business/'* On the 9th of October following, 
the same Viceroy writes to Rochester again upon this 
subject : — " Pray give me leave to put you in mind 
of a letter, I some time since sent to you from Lord 
Dongan ; I am called upon every day for an answer. 
You cannot imagine (he adds with much naivete) 
how impatient people here are who expect anything, 
even those who think themMlves the best bredJ'^ In 
a previous letter of this Clarendon to Rochester, in 
April of the same year, after alluding to Lord Don- 
gan as having gone over to England, he says, " His 
going over makes a great discourse here, as in truth 
most things do ; for some or other will comment upon 
all that is done. Those officers of the army, who are 
lately come out of England, say he is gone, upon his 
uncle Lord Tyrconnell's direction, to kiss the King's 
hand for a Troop of Horse, which they say he is to 
have upon the changes^ and truly that seems very 
likely ; but others will have it that he has become a 
statesman, and is gone upon some deep matters rela- 
ting to the Catholic cause ; which suggestion comes 
from those of that religion, and is grounded upon Dr. 
Moore, a physician, being gone with him, who is a 
man of great account among that party, and is looked 
upon to be so subtle and designing a man, that he 
would not go over purely on a compliment to that 
young Lord, who Ls a very prattling and impertinent 
youth, and forward enough, and is so looked upon 

• Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 566. 
t Idem, V. 2, p. 24. 

dongan's dragoons. 261 

here."* This Lord, the Colonel under consideration, 
was named Walter, and he sat in King James's Par- 
liament as one of the Representatives of Naas, while 
his father was one of the Peers. On the tenth day of 
that Session he was despatched by his King to Gene- 
ral Hamilton before Derry, carrying the important 
announcement, " I now send back to you this bearer. 
Lord Dongan, to let you know what this day I have 
been informed, by one who came from Chester on 
Wednesday last, that Kirke was to sail with the first 
fair wind from thence, with four Regiments of Foot, 
to endeavour to relieve Derry. I have ordered a copy 

of the information to be sent you I have sent 

some Horse and Dragoons to reinforce Sarsfield at 
Sligo, and have ordered Purcell's dragoons to Beltur- 
bet. What else I have to say I refer to this bearer, 
Lord Dongan."f 

Lord Dongan's career was, however, short ; he fell 
at the Boyne ; and, as the Duke of Berwick writes, 
" Notwithstanding the Foot was broken, the right 
wing of Horse and Dragoons marched, and charged 
such of the Enemy's Horse and Foot as passed the 
river ; but my Lord Dongan being slain at the first by 
a great shot, his Dragoons could not be got to do any 
thing, nor did Clare's do much better. Nevertheless, 
the Horse did their duty with great bravery, and, 
though they did not break the Enemy's Foot, it was 
more by reason of the ground not being favourable 

• Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 843. 
t Manuscripts T.C.D., (E 2, 19.) 

262 KING James's irish army list. 

than for want of vigour ; for, after they had been 
repulsed by the Foot, they rallied again, and charged 
the Enemy's Horse, and beat them every charge."* 
Lord Dongan's corpse was carried from the field to 
the family mansion at Castletown, and there interred 
in the parish church, whose unnoted ruins are still 
traceable near Celbridge. 

The Attainders of 1691 include Euphemia 'Dun- 
gan,' alias Countess of Limerick, and William, Earl of 
Limerick. His confiscations comprised the castle, 
manor, and lands of Castletown-Kildrought, and 
other estates in the Counties of Dublin, Carlow, 
Meath, Kilkenny, Longford, Tipperary and Queen's 
County, as found by eleven distinct Inquisitions. 
They comprised nearly 30,000 acres, with several 
houses in Dublin, and some impropriate rectories, 
glebes, advowsons of vicarages and tithes ; all which 
lands were given to De Ginkle, Earl of Athlone and 
Baron of Aughrim, a grant confirmed by Act of Par- 
liament so early as in 1693 ; while seven impropriate 
rectories with the glebes in the County of Tipperary 
were, in 1703, made over to the 'Trustees for the 
augmentation of small livings and other ecclesiastical 
uses ' ; as was that of Castletown-Kildrought in the 
County of Kildare, in which parish he had lived. The 
claims put forward in 1700, as incumbrances afiecting 
these estates, and some of which were allowed, were 
those of Euphemia Countess of Limerick for her 
jointure, charged by settlements of 1684 ; under 

• Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 399. 

dongan's dragoons. 263 

which conveyance, Thomas, described as Eari of Lim- 
erick, claimed an estate tail in the lands of Castle- 
town, &c., &c. Grace Ryder, alias Dongan, widow, 
also claimed a portion of £100 with interest as 
charged on a house in Patrick-street, Dublin, by the 
will of her father, John Dongan, dated 29th Novem- 
ber, 1665 ; while Owen Dongan sought a life estate 
in lands at Grange-Clare in said County of Kildare. 
Both these latter claims were however dismist on 
non-prosecution. William, Earl of Limerick, fol- 
lowed his King to France, where he died in 1698 ; 
when a " Colonel Dongan took upon him the title, 
and was said to have been introduced in that rank 
and quality to kiss his Majesty's hands."* 

On the fall of Lord Dongan, the command of this 
Regiment was given to his relative Walter Nugent, 
son of Francis Nugent of Dardistown, by the Lady 
Bridget Dongan, sister to the Earl of Limerick. 
Colonel Walter was however himself slain at Aughrim, 
when the command was given to the Honorable Rich- 
ard Bellew, second son of Lord Bellew, and a Captain 
on this List. 


He became full Colonel of a distinct Regiment of 
Dragoons, as hereafter shewn. 

♦ Thorpe's Catal. p. 226. Of this Colonel Thomas and his 
achievements abroad, see fully O'Callaghan's Brigades^ p. 331, &c. 

264 KING James's irish army list. 


This Sept claims descent from Fiachra, one of the 
sons of Nial of the Nine Hostages, Monarch of Ire- 
land in the Fifth Century. Their territory was 
called Kinel-Fiacha, and is by O'Dugan described as 
having extended over the whole tract now known as 
the Barony of Moycashel, with parts of those of 
Moyashell, Rathconrath and FertuUagh in Westmeath ; 
within which they erected and long maintained the 
possession of various castles, the chief being at Castle- 
to wn-Geoghegan near Kilbeggan, whose wide site is 
marked upon the Ordnance Survey. 

In 1328, William Geoghegan, chief of Kinel-Fiacha, 
defeated Thomas le Botiller with the English army, 
near Mullingar. According to the Four Masters, the 
latter sustained a loss of 3,500 men, including " their 
leader and some of the D'Altons." The victor died in 
1332, and the same annalists record with singular 
exactness his successors in the Captaincy for centuries 
after. In 1450 they relate, after detailing various 
acts of what might be called treasonable resistance on 
the part of this Sept, that "the English of Meath and 
the Duke of York, with the Kin^s Standard^ marched 
to Mullingar ; and the son of Mac Geoghegan, with a 
great force of cavalry in armour, marched on the same 
day to Beal-atha-glass to meet the English, who came 
to the resolution of making peace with them ; and 
they forgave him all he had committed on them^ on 
conditions of obtaining peace."* Campion preserves a 

dongan's dragoons. 265 

letter attributed to this Duke of York, written from 
Dublin to the Earl of Shrewsbury, in which, alluding 
to the power and hostility of Mac Geoghegan, he en- 
treats " to have men of war in defence and safeguard 
of this land, or my power cannot stretch to keep it in 
the King's obeisance, and very nearly will compel me 
to come into England, to live there upon my poor 
* livelode ;' for I had 4ever' be dead, than any incon- 
venience should fall thereto in my default ; for it shall 
never be chronicled nor remain in scripture by the 
grace of God, that Ireland was lost by my negligence." 
An annal of 1488, connected with this family, affords 
perhaps the earliest notice of the use of artillery in 
Ireland. "The Earl of KUdare," say the Four 
Masters, "marched with a predatory force into Kinel- 
Fiacha, where he demolished the Castle of Belerath 
on the sons of Murtagh Mac Geoghegan, after having 
conveyed some 'ordnance^ thither." Remains of this 
castle also are existing. 

In 1556, Robert Cowley, a busy subordinate of his 
day, recommended that the Baron of Delvin and his 
son should be " occupied " against Mac Geoghegan, 
O'Mulloy, &c.; and accordingly, in the following 
year, the Deputy, Lord Leonard Grey, undertook an 
expedition against those Septs, " by the conduct and 
guidance of the Lord of Delvin," and compelled them 
to give hostages ; immediately after which, in accord- 
ance with the heartless policy of the day, their co- 
operation was engaged for the subjugation of the 
O'CarroUs. Early in 1540; a " peace " had been con- 

266 KING James's irisu army list. 

eluded between the Lord Deputy and Ross Mac Geogh- 
egan,tlieaChief Captain of his nation and of the country 
of ' Kinaleigh ;' by which the latter bound himself to 
serve the Crown with four horsemen and twenty- 
four footmen for a day and night, on notice, at any 
time, and as often as the King's Deputy should please ; 
and also to serve in every great hosting or journey 
(especially against Brian O'Connor), with four horse- 
men and twelve footmen during said journey, and at his 
own proper costs and charges." In the June, how- 
ever, of that year, information was forwarded to the 
Privy Council of England, "that O'NeiU and O'Don- 
nell, with all the powers of the north part of Ireland, 
O'Connor, O'Mulloy, Mac Geoghegan, all the Kellys, 
with the most part of the powers of Connaught, 
O'Brien with all his company, are all combined, and 
have appointed to meet at the King's manor of Fore, 
the 6th of July next coming ; they also bringing 
: with them five weeks' victuals. It is supposed and 
thought that of truth their meaning is for no purpose 
but only to allure the Lord Justice and Council with 
the best of the English Pale to the said place, by the 
Irishmen appointed, thinking by their great power to 
take their advantage of the King's subjects, and so to 
overrun all the English Pale at their own pleasure." 
On the appearance, however, of Sir William Brereton, 
with the forces of the Government, the Irish Confede- 
rates scattered ; "whereupon," writes the Irish Council 
to Henry VIII., " we concluded to do some exploit^ and 
so entered into O'Connor's country, and there en- 

dongan'8 dragoons. 267 

camped in sundry places, destroying his habitations, 
'coins J and fortHaces^ so long as our victuals endured, 
which hath partly abated ftis ' surguedy ' and pride, 
alhevt he remaineth on his cankered malice and ran- 
cour, and so do all his confederates, continuing their 
traitorous conferences, expecting their time to execute 
their purpose." At length, Mac Geoghegan, O'Mulloy, 
&c., submitted themselves, "whose submission,'' say 
the amiable Council to their generoiis monarch, " we 
accepted for this season, both for the causes aforesaid, 
and also to the intent we might have opportunity of 
the other confederates of Irishmen, with separation of 
their confederacy, that they should not remain upon 
war and peace jointly, as they pretended to do ; 
but to be upon your Grace's peace, with their services, 
and shall make certain fines." 

In 1567, was published a map, in which Kinel- 
Fiacha is described as Mac Geoghegan's country, 
and as containing in length twelve, and in breadth 
seven miles. " It lieth," says the abstract, " midway 
between the fort of Faley (Philipstown) and Athlone, 
five miles from either of them and also firom Mullin- 
gar, which lieth northward of it ; southward is O'Mul- 
loy's country. On the south-east lieth Offaley, on 
the east it joineth Tyrrel's country, and O'Melaghlin's 
on the west side, between it and Athlone, where a 
comer of it joineth with the Dillon country." So 
were the dynasties hereabout then demarcated. In 
the Parliament of 1585, convened by Perrot, and 
for the first time admitting Irish chiefs to the 


councils of their country's legislation, this Sept was 
represented by Conla, son of Connor, son of Luigne 
Mac Geoghegan. In the following year, when con- 
fiscations were instituted as a resource for support- 
ing the necessities of Government, Inquisitions were 
taken as to the possessions of this family, the death 
of whose tanist, the aforesaid Conla, in the same 
year, is commemorated by the Four Masters, as that 
" there was not, since the times of old, a man of the 
race of Fiacha who was more lamented than he." At 
the close of this century, the ' crud^ poet, Edmund 
Spenser, in his " View of the State of Ireland," ear- 
nestly recommended that, " for the safeguard of the 
country, and keeping under all sudden upstarts that 
shall seek to trouble the peace, garrisons should be 
established at sundry places outside the Pale, and 
particularly one " at the foot of OflFaley, to curb the 
O'Connors, O'Mulloys, MacCoghlans, MacGeoghegans, 
and all those Irish natives bordering thereabouts." 

In the year 1600, the memorable Irish hero, Hugh 
O'Neill, in his progress southward, under pretext of a 
pilgrimage to Holycross, but really to organize for the 
reception of the expected Spanish invasion of Mun- 
ster, after passing through the barony of Delvin, 
" marched thence to the gates of Athlone, and along 
the southern side of Clan-Colman, and Kinel-Fiacha 
(MacGeoghegan's) and into Fearcall (O'Mulloy's,) 
where he encamped for nine nights," confirming 
friendships with the surrounding chiefs. When, soon 
after, the war of Munster broke out. Captain Richard 

dongan's dragoons. 269 

Mac Geoghegan, "a chief of Westmeath/' was, for his 
distinguished valour, entrusted by O'Sullivan with the 
custody and care of the castle of Dunboy, which he 
gallantly defended until mortally wounded. He was 
carried down into the vaults in a dying state, where, 
learning that it was the intention of the garrison un- 
der their necessity to surrender, he made a feeble 
effort to stagger over to a barrel of gunpowder there 
deposited, with a resolution, by setting fire to it, to 
blow up the English then in the castle, even with a 
sacrifice of his own friends ; but the former, rushing 
down at the crisis, arrested his arm and stabbed him 
to death," 

In the confiscations consequent upon the insurrec- 
tion of 1641, Rosse, Laurence, and Dermott Mac 
Geoghegan were forfeiting proprietors within the 
County of Kildare, as was Thomas in the County of 
Meath ; while, in the old territory of Kinaleigh, 
Arthur Mac Geoghegan lost all that then remained of 
his ancestors' immemorial inheritance there — little 
more, at that time, than 1,500 acres, (including 
Castletown-Mac Geoghegan). His wife, one of the no- 
ble Sept of Mac Coghlan, having given protection to 
some of Cromwell's soldiers, received from the usurp- 
ing powers a transplantation grant in the County of 
Galway, of Bennowen, part of the OTlaherty's terri- 
tory ; and through her second son, Edward, a junior 
branch of the Mac G^oghegans has been continued 
to the present day in Connaught ; though in its two 
last generations this line has adopted the surname of 


O'Neill, as sounding more of Milesian royalty. Nine 
hundred acres of Arthur's forfeiture in Kinaleigh 
having been claimed by Edward Mac Geoghegan, as 
a remainder under settlements, were allowed to 
him, and a portion of the residue was granted to 
Sir William Petty (ancestor of the Marquis of Lans- 
downe), the great compiler of the Down Survey. This 
Edward obtained further savings of his rights in other 
lands within the County of We^tmeath, on decrees 
of innocence, but died without issue. In the Assem- 
bly of Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny in 1647, 
sat, amongst the Spiritual Peers, Doctor Anthony 
Mac Geoghegan ; while of the Commons were Conly 
and Charles Mac Geoghegan of Donore, Edward Mac 
Geoghegan of Tyroterin, and Richard Mac Geogh- 
egan of Moycashell, all within the old inheritance of 
Kinel-Fiacha. The first named, Conly Mac Geogh- 
egan, was one of the seven sons of Hugh Buy Mac 
Geoghegan, by Ellen, daughter of Walter Tyrrell of 
Clonmoyle, County of Westmeath, and is especially 
included in the declaration of Eoyal gratitude of the 
Act of Settlement, which further restored him to his 
principal seat of Donore, and 2,000 acres of land. The 
adjacent Borough of Eilbeggan was, in King James's 
Parliament of 1689, represented by Bryan Geoghegan 
of Donore, and Charles Geoghegan of Syonan. 

On this Army List, besides the above Major Conly 
and Comet James of the present Regiment, Charles 
and Conn Geoghegan were Captains in Colonel Simon 
Luttrell's Dragoons ; another Charles was a Lieutenant 

dongan's dragoons. 271 

in that of Colonel Francis Carroll ; Anthony Geoghegan 
was a Captain in Colonel John Hamilton's Infantry, 
and Garret Geoghegan was appointed Major of Colo- 
nel Edward Butler's, after the forming of this List. 
When Lord Dongan was killed, and the Lieutenant- 
Colonel Francis Carroll had obtained a separate 
Regiment of Dragoons, it would seem that Major 
Conly Geoghegan succeeded to the Colonelcy of this, 
hence then styled 'Geoghegan's Regiment,' "and from 
which," says O'Conor, " many soldiers were after- 
wards brought over to William's party, "by the influ- 
ence of oflScers, who sought favour from the govern- 
ment by corrupting their soldiers."* Previous to this 
dereliction, however, when, in May, 1691, Captain 
Underhill, at the head of a Williamite party, engaged 

an Irish detachment, and killed their Captain, 

Geoghegan, he was "the next day set upon by another 
party of the Irish, commanded by Colonel Geoghegan, 
and was obliged to make his retreat."f 

The Inquisitions of 1691 contain the Outlawries of 
Peter Mac Thomas Geoghegan, and William and Mori- 
ertagh Mac Peter (Jeoghegan of Newtown, County of 
Westmeath ; Hugh Ban Geoghegan of Carrymare, 
Do. ; Hugo Mac Eedagh Geoghegan of Loughar- 
laghnought, Edward his son, Hugh Fitz-Conly Buy 
Geoghegan of Laragh ; Bryan Geoghegan of Donore ; 
Charles, Con, James and Anthony Geoghegan of 
Syonan, all in Westmeath ; Bryan Geoghegan of 
Ballyduflfe, and Eugene of Ballyhecnock, in the 

* O'Conor's Military Memoirs, p. 190. 
f Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 79. 

272 KLVG James's irish army list. 

King's County, with James Geoghegan of Granard, 
County of Longford. Of these, Bryan of Donore, 
styled Colonel Bryan, was adjudged within the Arti- 
cles of Limerick ; while in 1700 the warrant issued 
for a pardon to Edward Geoghegan of Castletown for 
the reasons, as stated in his petition, "that he had never 
borne any employment civil or military under the 
late King James ; but, after the battle of the Boyne, 
put himself under King William's protection at his 
own house, until he was fallen upon by a party of 
Captain Pointz's soldiers, by whom he was shot 
through the body, stripped of all his substance, and 
both himself and his family most inhumanly and bar- 
barously used : by which means he was forced 
into the enemy's quarters for security of his life, and 
that on this account only was he outlawed. That on 
the capitulation of Limerick he came to Dublin, and 
was put in possession of his estate according to the 
Articles ; and that he had always showed great kind- 
ness to his Protestant neighbours." He therefore 
prayed a reversal of his Outlawry and a pardon ; and 
the Privy Council, on the Attorney-General's Report, 
having certified in his favour, and the executors of 
Colonel Wolsely, deceased, (who in his lifetime had op- 
posed said Edward's prayer,) offering no opposition, 

his full pardon was ordered to be made out.* 

The claims preferred against the Geoghegan confisca- 
tions in 1700 were, — Matthew Geoghegan for a charge 
affecting Westmeath lands of said Edward Geoghegan 

♦ Harris's MSS. Dub. Soc. v. 10, p. 304. 

dongan's dragoons. 273 

in the Barony of Rathconrath, allowed. Mary 

Geoghegan for her jointure off same, also allowed. 
Edward, Thomas and James Greoghegan, the sons of 
said Edward, claimed estates tail therein respectively 

under marriage articles of 1684, disallowed. While 

Anne, the widow of Conly Geoghegan, sought a small 
jointure and arrears as charges on the King's County 
estate of Charles Geoghegan ; and Mary, his widow, 
sought her jointure to the like amount : both which 
claims were allowed. 

In 1728, Arthur Geoghegan married Susanna, 
daughter of William Stafford of Blatherwick, and 
widow of Henry O'Brien of the Inchiquin line, 
whereupon said Arthur assumed the name of Staf- 
ford, and has transmitted it to his descendants. 

In 1745, Sir Thomas Geoghegan of Toulouse, 
an Officer in Lally's Regiment, was taken prisoner 
at Carlisle, but, pleading that he was a French 
subject, he was released.* In two years after, he was 
killed at the battle of Lauffield, near Maestricht;f 
while Alexander Geoghegan, having been taken at the 
memorable battle of Culloden, executed with many 
others an article herein elsewhere more fiilly alluded 
to, engaging themselves on parole not to pass out of 
Inverness without the licence of the Duke of Cum- 
berland. Subsequently, the Abbe Jaques Mac 

Geoghegan, residing in France, published in 1758 
a very interesting History of Ireland in the French 

♦ Gent. Mag., vol. 16, p. 24. f Wem, vol. 18, p. 377 




This name, of Danish origin, is traceable in Ireland 
from the eariiest period of existing records ; more 
especially in the annals of Wicklow. Henry the 
Fourth, in the first year of his reign, constituted 
William Archbold Constable of the important Castle 
of Mackinnegan within that territory, with a salary 
of 100 marks in times of peace, and of £80 during 
war ; for the due performance of which trust, four of 
his sept and vicinage became sureties to the Crown.* 
Another William Archbold had been a few years 
previously appointed a Baron of the Irish Exchequer, 
while, in ecclesiastical rank, Richard Archbold was in 
1491 elected Prior of the noble mitred House of 

In 1610, the King's letter issued for receiving a 
surrender from Patrick Archbold of Kendlestown, 
County of Wicklow, with the state policy of re-grant- 
ing his estates to him on payment of a fine, and on 
holding same thenceforth by Knight's service.f A 
very long letter of the 31st March, 1628, from King 
Charles the First to Viscount Falkland, then Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, directs a Commission of In- 
quiry to be held respecting all the manors, castles, 
estates, &c. of which the aforesaid Patrick Archbold 
died seised in Wicklow and Dublin Counties ; with 
authority and instructions for conveying them to the 

♦ Rot. Pat. 1 Hen. IV. t Patent Roll in Cane. Hib. 

dongan's dragoons. 275 

Earl of Heath in fee, together with Letters Patent for 
markets, fairs, tarirpits, a Court Baron and Court 
Leet, in Great and Little Bree. This letter was 
afterwards recalled for a substituted grant of said pre- 
mises to (Jeorge Kirke, Esq., Groom of the Bedcham- 
ber ; with specific directions that ihe Earl should not 
make use of the preceding Letter. 

The Attainders of 1642 exhibit Inquisitions on 
Christopher and William Archbold of Timolin, Kich- 
ard of Flemingstown, and James of Crookstown, all in 
the County of Kildare. William, Roland, and Ed- 
mund Archbold of Cloghran-Swords, County of Dub- 
lin ; Robert, James, and Henry Archbold of Tuck- 
myne. County of Wicklow ; Christopher of Skidow, 
and Nicholas of Carrowkeel, County of Dublin; Theo- 
bald of Rathbran, Edward of Stagonell, Thomas of 
Wicklow, George of Glancormuck, Edward and Owen 
Archbold of Kilmurry, Gerald of Brea and James of 
Ballykea, all in the County of Wicklow. 

On this Army List, besides the six officers of the 
present Regiment, Christopher Archbold was an En- 
sign in the King's Own Foot, and Bernard Archbold a 
Lieutenant in Sir Michael Creagh's. An Ensign 
Archbold was, at the commencement of the campaign, 
taken prisoner at Deny. 

In the Parliament of 1689, William Archbold, the 
Captain in this Regiment, was one of the Represen- 
tatives of the Borough of Athy. During the siege of 
Limerick, in August, 1691, the fine Castle of Carrig- 
ogunnel near that City, " whose garrison was one 

T 2 

276 KING James's irish army list. 

hundred and thirty men with two Captains, com* 
manded by one Archbold, surrendered upon mercy, 
and the Prisoners were immediately put into the 
provost's custody." The Attainders of 1691 in- 
clude Nicholas, John, and Francis Archbold of 
Ballymalee, County of Westmeath ; Simon of Dublin, 
Pierce of Carysfort, County of Wicklow ; the above 
Captain, by the description of Captain William of 
Athy, County of Kildare ; James of Brumgagt, 
County of Carlow ; William of Kilkenny, merchant ^ 
with Walter, Pierce, Thomas, and Richard Archbold 
of Cullen, County of Kildare. The latter, styled 
Captain Richard, seems identical with either of tl^ 
Kichards in this Regiment, and was held to be within 
the Articles of Limerick. At the Court of Claims, 
Robert Archbold sought an estate tail in the County 
Kildare lands, forfeited by Captain William his father, 
to whom they had been on a former occasion assured 
by a Decree of Innocence. — A James Archbold sou^t 
and was allowed a chattel leasehold in Kilmacndd, 
County of Dublin, the private estate (i. e. of the 
Duke of York); while a John Archbold claimed, 
under a deed of 1671, an estate for lives in lands in 
the Counties of Dublin and Kildare, forfeited by the 
Earl of Tyrconnel, but his petition was disallowed. 

dongan's dragoons. 277 


The family of Bamewall has been heretofore noticed 
under Lord Trimleston, who was a Captain in Lord 
Gahnoy's Regiment of Horse. 

John Bamewall, ancestor of this nobleman in the 
direct line, was Sheriff of Meath in 1433. After the 
rout of the Boyne this Lord went to Limerick, where 
he continued until its surrender. Pending the Treaty, 
he was one of the hostages for the performance 
thereof on the part of the Irish army.* Being com- 
prised within the Articles, he obtained a reversal of 
his Outlawry, but was not suffered to take his seat in 
the House of Peers ; and, on his refusing to subscribe 
the required Declaration, he was ordered to withdraw ; 
he and his brother thereupon followed the fortunes of 
the banished James. The former had a Commission 
under the Duke of Berwick, and fell in action against 
the Germans in 1692 ; whereupon his brother, 
returning from Flanders to Ireland, recovered the 
family estates and was summoned to Parliament, but 
he too declined the honor with the oaths. He was at- 
tainted by three Inquisitions, one taken in the 
County of Dublin, another in the City, and a third in 
the County of Meath. His son Joseph was also at- 

♦ D' Alton's History of the Co. Dublin, p. 310. 



The name of Bellew will be fully treated of at Lord 
Belle w's Infantry Regiment. Of this officer it may 
he here said that he was the second son of that Lord, 
and early distinguished himself in supporting Edng 
James's cause. When Walter Nugent, who succeeded 
Lord Dougan in the command of this Regiment, fell 
at Aughrim, as before related, Richard Bellew, 
although then only twenty years of age, was appointed 
to succeed him ; and, on the termination of the war, 
he brought his forces with him to France, where they 
ranked as the ^King of England*s Dismounted Dra- 
goons.' There however he took umbrage, as Brigadier 
Thomas Maxwell was placed over his head, which he 
thought an unmerited slight. Returning to Ireland in 
1694, on the decease of his elder brother Walter, the 
second Lord Bellew, he became the third Baron ; and, 
marrying a daughter of Lord Brudenell with a large 
fortune, conformed to the Established Church in 1 705, 
sat in the House of Peers in 1707, and died in 1714, 
leaving John, the fourth Lord Bellew, his successor ; 
at whose death at Lisle, in 1770, this title became 


The Sept of O'CarroU was early established in Louth, 
* O'Callaghairs Brigades, v. 1, p. 156. 

dongan's dragoons. 279 

being there popularly styled Princes of Orgiel. Pre- 
vious to the English invasion, immediately after the 
great Synod of Mellefont in 1152, the Four Masters 
record the expulsion of their Chief from that country, 
of which he had been the acknowledged Lord, from 
Drogheda to Asigh in the County of Meath. These 
annalists however notice O'Carrols as Chiefs of Orgiel 
down to the year 1193 ; and it is especially recorded 
that when, in 1166, on the eve of Strongbow's in- 
vasion of Ireland, Roderic O'Conor, then King of this 
country, seeking to ascertain the feelings of allegiance 
towards himself, encamped with an army hereabout, 
Donogh O'Carroll with the other chiefs of Louth came 
into his tent, delivered hostages for their fealty, and 
received in return, as related in the ' Annals of Inis- 
fallen,' a present of two hundred and forty beeves. 
O'Carrolls were, at that time and previously, also 
settled in a territory of Tipperary, from them called 
Ely-O'CarroU ; the Masters record the death of Am- 
ergin O'CarroD, Lord of Ely, in 1033. This inhe- 
ritance comprised the present Barony of Lower Or- 
mond, with that of Clonlisk and part of Ballybritt in 
the King's County, and to the Slieve Bloom Moun- 
tains in the Queen's. Their chief castle was at Birr. 
The name was also one of power and possession in 
the Counties of Cavan and Leitrim. 

In 1168 died O'Carroll, Bishop of Ross, in 

the County of Cork. In 1171, Morrough O'CarroU, 
Lord of Orgiel, joined Roderick O'Conor, the last 
native King of Ireland, in the ineffective siege of 

280 KING James's irish army list. 

Dublin, then occupied by Dennott Mac Murrough 
and the English invaders. In 1178, he made a gal- 
lant and successful attack upon De Courcy ; and dying 
in 1189, was interred in the noble Abbey which he 
had founded for Cistercians at Mellefont. In 1184, 
Maolisa O'Carroll was Primate of Armagh, and in 
1327, John O'CarroU succeeded to the Archbishopric 
of Cashel ; as did Thomas O'Carroll to that of Tuam 
in 1349. In 1532, the Four Masters commemorate 
the death of Maolruana O'Carrol, the distinguished 
Chief of Munster, ' the golden pillar of the Elyans.' 
His son, Ferganainim 0*Carrol, being the tanist of 
Ely, surrendered its possessions to Edward the Sixth, 
who restored it to him on English tenure, with the 
addition of the dignity of Baron of Ely for his life. 
Perrot's Parliament of 1585 was attended, amongst 
other Irish Chiefs, by 'O'Carroll of Ely,' whom the same 
Annalists describe as "Calvach, son of William 
Odher, son of Ferganainim, son of Maolruana, son of 
John." In 1605, Sir Henry Broncar, Knight, Presi- 
dent of Munster, had a grant of (inter alia) a castle 
and lands in the County of Tipperary, parcel of the 
estate of Teigue O'Carroll attainted. 

A funeral entry of 1630, in the Office of Arms, 
Dublin, records the death, on 15th August in this 
year, of William O'CaiToll ofCouloge, King's County, 
(son and heir of Donough ni Kelly O'CarroU, son and 
heir of Ony, son and heir of Donogh Ballagh O'Carroll 
of same place,) where said William died and was 
interred. He had married Honora, daughter of John 

dongan's dragoons. 281 

Meagher of Clame, County of Tipperary ; by whom he 
had six sons, 1, Donogh, who married Katherine, 
daughter of Walter Bourke of Borrisoleigh, County of 
Tipperary ; 2, Keadagh, who married Amy, daughter 
of Roger OTlaherty of Lomelonny, King's County ; 

3, John, who married Joanna, daughter of William 
O'Carroll of Moderenny, County of Tipperary ; 

4, Teigue, married to Grany, daughter of Ony O'Car- 
roll of Ely-O'CarroU ; 5, Charles, as yet unmarried ; 
and 6, Ony, also unmarried. About the time of the 
above entry, a Donogh O'Carroll, according to an an- 
cient manuscript forwarded in aid of this work, mar- 
ried the daughter of O'Kennedy by Margaret 

O'Bryan Arra, which Margaret was the daughter of 
O'CarroU Ely. By her he is said to have had thirty 
sons, all of whom he presented, in one troop of Horse, 
and accoutred in habiliments of war, to the Earl of 
Ormonde, with proffers of all his and their assistance 
in the Royal cause. Most of these sons, it is added, 
died in foreign lands, having followed the wanderings 
of the Stuarts. One, Daniel, remaining in Ireland, 
was fether of John, who at the tender age of five 
years was transplanted into Connaught by Cromwell. 
He married Margaret, daughter of O'Connor, Sligo, 
(by Margaret, daughter of Lord Athenry,) and from 
that union sprang Sir Daniel O'CarroU, who, some 
short time previous to this campaign, was created by 
the Eong of Spain a Knight of the military order of 
St. Jago, 'for singular services done for that Monarch 
in time of war.' He left Spain however in disgust. 

282 KING James's irish army list. 

and, entering into Queen Anne's army, was made 
Colonel of a Regiment of Horse, and knighted. He 
married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas 
Jervis of the ' County of Southampton,' by his first 
wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Gilbert Clark of Chy- 
liothe in Derbyshire. 

To return to the line and locality of Ely. Amongst 
the active measures concerted by James the First for 
reducing Ireland, a Commission was appointed " for 
ascertaining the bounds and limits of O'CarroU's 
Country, commonly called Ely O'CarroU." In the 
grants that ensued on its plantation, the chief portion, 
including Birr and its appanages, was assigned to 
Laurence, brother of Sir William Parsons, the Sur- 
veyor-General ; and, on the breaking out of the war of 
1641, William Parsons was made Governor of Ely- 

O'CarroU. Of this Sept and district of O'Carroll 

was the above Captain James Carroll, whose commis- 
sion to the Captaincy bears date on the 30th of July, 
1689, thereby suggesting that the present Army List 
was drawn up subsequent thereto ; for previously 
James Carroll was but a Cornet in this Kegiment, as 
of the troop of Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Carroll, by 
Commission of the 10th November, 1688, from Tyr- 
connel. That of 1689 was signed by the King at the 
Castle of Dublin, and countersigned by Lord Melfort ; 
but, in the confusion of the time, not entered in the 
Office of the Muster-Master-General until the 22nd of 
November following. Accoixlingly, on this List that 

dongan's dragoons. 283 

especial Cometcy is stated as filled by Cormack 

Besides this Captain James Carroll, another James, 
and William Carroll, Lieutenants in this Segiment, 
there appear on the Army List, in Lord Galmoy's In- 
fantry, John Carroll a Captain, William Carroll 
a Lieutenant, and Daniel and Laurence Carroll, 
Ensigns. In the Earl of Westmeath's Foot, 
Patrick Carroll an Ensign, as was Nicholas Carroll 

in Sir Michael Creagh's. In Colonel Heward 

Oxburgh's, Anthony Carroll a Captain, a second 
Anthony his Lieutenant, and a James Carroll an En- 
sign. In Lord Galmoy's Horse, Charles Carroll 

was appointed (after the date of this List) second 
Lieutenant-Colonel ; while Francis Carroll, a Lieute- 
nant-Colonel here, had afterwards the command of a 
Regiment of Dragoons, and to him, in conformity 
with the proposed arrangement of these Illustrations, 
that of the O'Carrolls should in strictness be referred ; 
but the aid of Manuscripts which Mr. Davis Carroll 
Dempster volunteered for this work, with a very an- 
cient pedigree which establishes his maternal descent 
from this Captain James, who was himself descended 
from the O'Carroll of Ely, well justifies anticipating 

the O'Carroll notices here. One of the Carrolls 

named Anthony, who are mentioned above as in 
Colonel Oxburgh's Infantry, appears to have been the 
active popular leader, ' Long Anthony Carroll,' who, 
according to Story, {Impartial History^ Part II. p. 
69) contrived an ambuscade, by which, in April, 

284 KING James's irish army list. 

1691, a Captain Palliser, Lieutenant Armstrong, and 
a party of sixty firelocks, were taken prisoners near 
Birr. " Lieutenant Armstrong paid money to be 
released ; Captain Palliser made his escape in the 
beginning of June from Limerick, but the poor men 
were kept prisoners till the surrender of that City."* 

On the 29th October, 1691, the Officer at present 
under consideration, being then * Major' James 
Carroll, had a pass from King William's Commander- 
in-Chief, as one "entitled to the benefit of the 
Capitulation, and desirous of returning home to his 
habitation in the County of Tipperary ; " and all 
Officers, civil and military, were thereby directed " to 
permit the said James, ydth his family and ser- 
vants, horses, swords, pistols, and goods whatsoever, 
to pass f5peely from the City of 'Lymerick ' to his habi- 
tation aforesaid, to look after his concerns, and into 
all such parts of the Kingdom where his lawful occa- 
sions will require, without giving him any trouble or 

Of the early brigaded French Regiment styled 
' the King's Regiment of Dismounted Dragoons,' 
Turenne O'Carroll was Lieutenant-Colonel, and was 
killed at the battle of Marsiglia in 1693 ;f while at 
the battle of the Bridge of the Retorto, in 1705, 
Colonel O'Carroll of Galmoy's Brigade signally distin- 
guished himself In 1743, Comet O'Carroll was 

wounded at Dettingen, as was Lieutenant Carroll of 

* Story's Impart. Hist, part 2, p. 69. 

I O'Conors Militiiry Memoirs, pp. 198, 221. 

doxgan's dragoons. 285 

Berwick's Regiment at Ypres in 1745 ; and in two 
years after, Major Carroll, also of Berwick's (possibly 
the same who was wounded in 1745) supported the 
credit of his name in the engagement at Lauffield 
village near Maestricht, as did not less in his station 
Lieutenant Carroll of Dillon's Brigade. 

A commission from King Louis, dated at Ver- 
sailles, 5th September, 1756, appointing Matthias 
Carroll to an Ensigncy in Berwick's Brigade, vacant 
by the promotion of William Cruise to a Lieutenancy, 
is amongst the family papers of Mr. D. Carroll 
Dempster, and suggests that he was of Mr. Demp- 
ster's kindred. This family also claim affinity with 
Charles Carroll of Carrolton, who signed the memo- 
rable Declaration of American Independence, and who, 
as far as present materials suggest, was the uncle of 
John, the grandfather of Mr. Carroll Dempster. 


According to the evidence of the ancient annals, the 
Books of Leacan and Ballymote, &c. the O'Hurley, 
O'Hierlehy, or Hurly was a Dalcassian Sept derived 
from the same stock as that of the O'Briens of 
Thomond ; each springing ftx)m a lineal descendant 
of Cormac Cas, son of Oiliol OUum, who was King of 
Munster in the third century. Their territory ex- 
tended on the borders of Tipperary adjoining the 
Limerick district of the O'Briens, and was latterly 

286 KLVG James's irish army list. 

known by the name of Knocklong in the Barony of 
Coshlea, County of Limerick. Within it was a 
Castle, for centuries the residence of the Chief. Its 
ruins still remain, and from it branched off others of 
this Sept in the Counties of Cork and Kerry. 

It is true that the surname Hurle or Hurley, with 
the Norman prefix of * de,' is found at an early period 
in English local records, even from the time of 
Edward the First, but a paramount authority of the 
Irish Annalists shows the long previous existence of 
the Milesian O'Hurly. 

In reference to an era more within the scope of 
these illustrations, Thomas Urley, alias Ourhilly, 
Bachelor of Canon Law, afterwards Bishop of Emly, 
being a recognised native Irishman, sued out in 1502 
a licence entitling him to use the English tongue and 
law.* In a venerable pedigree, of forty-one unbroken 
generations, preserved by the present representative 
of the family of Knocklong, occurs the name of Der- 
mod, son of Teigue O'Hurly, described as the Chief 
' living at the Oakwoods,' about the middle of the six- 
teenth century. His daughter Juliana, according to 
Lodge,f was married to Edmund Oge de Courcy, by 
whom she was mother of John the eighteenth Baron 
of Kinsale ; whose only daughter EUen de Courcy 
became the wife of Randal Hurley of Ballinacarrig ; 
while his son, Randal Hurley the younger, married 
the widow of Gerald the nineteenth Lord of Kinsale.l 

♦ Rot. Pat. in Cane. Hib. 

t Peerage, vol. 6, p. 151. X Idem, p. 154. 

doxgan's dragoons. 287 

The ensuing annals of this family afford strong evi- 
dence of the loose spirit in which, after the secession 
from Rome, the dignities of the Established Church were 
filled in Ireland. In 1543, King Henry presented 
Donogh Ryan, chaplain, to the Deanery of the Cathe- 
dral of Emly, "vacant, inasmuch as William Mc Bryen 
and William O'Hurly, the present incumbents, hold 
the same by the authority of the Bishop of Rome." In 
1609, King James presented Edmund Hurly, ' not- 
withstanding his minority and defect of clerical 
orders,' to the Chancellorship of that Cathedral, with 
a corps of vicarages united ; and in the same year his 
Majesty presented Randal Hurley, under similar dis- 
qualifications, to the Chantorship thereof.* 

In 1563, Thomas O'Herlihey, being Bishop of Ross, 
(it would seem on the Pope's appointment) assisted at 
the Council of Trent. He died in 1579, and was in- 
terred in the Abbey of Kilcrea. In 1583, Dermott 
O'Hurley, Archbishop of Cashel, suffered martyrdom 
in Dublin ; and was buried in St. Kevin's Church, 
where his tomb became celebrated, says De Burgo,f 
for miracles. 

In the ConcUiation Parliament, convened two 
years afterwards by Sir John Perrot, Thomas Hur- 
ley of Knocklong represented the Borough of Kilmal- 
lock. He was father of Maurice of Knocklong, who, 
in 1601, "for his dutiful affection and good dispo- 
sition towards her Majesty's service in Munster, and 

* Patent Bolls, Jac. I. 

t Hibemia DominicaDa, p. 601. 

288 KING James's irisu army list. 

considering that for the good of the country and 
daily annoyance of the rebels he hath been at such 
great charge of ' wardening' the Castle of ' Knock- 
longy' during the rebellion in Munster," obtained a 
patent for a weekly market and fair twice a year at 
that locality. It was also ordered in the patent that 
certain lands of said Maurice, which he alleged were 
of ancient freedom, should, if proved on inquiry to be 
so, be thenceforth exempted from cesses and exac- 
tions ; and Knocklong was proved to be, with other 
lands, within the privilege. In 1632, this Maurice 
erected in the Cathedral of Emly a fine marble 
monument to the memory of his two wives, whom he 
had survived. His will, dated in 1634, is registered 
in the Prerogative Court. By his first wife, Grania 
Hogan, he left two sons. Sir Thomas, his successor, 
and John Hurly. The former married Johanna, 
daughter of John Browne of Camus, by Catherine, 
daughter of Dermot O'Ryan of SoUoghode, County of 
Tipperary ; by whom he had Sir Maurice, mentioned 
hereafter, and another John, with four daughters : 
1st, Catherine, married to Pierce, Lord Dunboyne ; 
2nd, Anne, to Daniel O'Ryan of SoUoghode; 3rd, 
Grace, to Walter Bourke ; and 4th, Eleanor, to David 
Barry of Kahinisky, father of Edmund Barry, Queen 
Anne's foster-father. In 1638, James O'Hurly was 
constituted Bishop of Emly. 

The Outlawries in 1642 present the names of Ran- 
dle Hurley and Randle Hurley Oge of Ballynacarrig, 
William Hurly of Ballenlearde and Lisgulby, County 

dongan's dragoons. 289 

of Cork ; Donough McDaniel Hurley of Bunnamun- 
ney, Ellen Hurley of Gellagh-Iteragh, Donnell Oge 
Hurly of Kilbrittain, James Hurly of Ballenbride, 
Thomas O'Hurlehy, Donogh O'Hurlehy of Monita- 
ginta and John O'Hurlehy of Ballybemy, all in the 
County of Cork. 

Sir Maurice Hurly, the grandson of Maurice the 
testator of 1634, was one of the Confederate Catho- 
lics at the Council of Kilkenny in 1647. He for- 
feited largely by his adherence to Charles the First, 
and his estates in the Counties of Limerick and 
Tipperary were seized for Cromwell's adventurers ; 
while he was himself transplanted into Connaught, 
where he died in 1683, leaving Sir William, his 
eldest son, hereafter alluded to. In his will of that 
year. Sir Maurice, with ' a sweet remembrance of his 
ancient inheritance,' directs, in regard to " the lands 
that I have been dispossessed of, and to which I have 
a just title, and now is defending in law, after the 
recovery thereof, I leave and bequeath the same unto 
my sons William and John Hurly, to be equally 
divided between them for ever ; together with the 
^maine' profits thereof:" and in a codicil he further 
leaves to his said son John, " if my ancient estate 
(i. e. Knocklong) be recovered, £200 per annum for 
himself and his heirs for ever." This eldest son, how- 
ever, who inherited the Baronetcy, could not recover 
the ancient estate ; it is not, therefore, to be won- 
dered that he attended King James's Parliament of 
Dublin in 1689, as a Representative of the Borough 


of Kilmallock; and early in August of the last year of 
the campaign, when "the English army marched from 
Carrick to Golden-bridge, three miles from Cashel, 
Mr. John Grady of Corbray in the County of Clare, 
arriving there with some intelligence of the posture 
and strength of the Irish forces, stated that Lord 
Brittas and Sir William Hurly were devastating the 
country."* Again, in the subsequent engagement at 
Thomond Gate, where 600 of the Irish perished, 
besides 150 who were forc.ed over the bridge, Colo- 
nels Skelton, Hurly ^ sixteen other officers, and above 
one hundred privates were taken prisoners.f Dean 
Story, in his ' Impartial History ^^ says that Colonel 
Hurly was wounded in desperate conflict, of which 
wounds he probably died, as, when on his attainder 
his transplanted Galway estate became forfeited, it 
appears that the claim of his infant heir. Sir John 
Hurly, was put forward at Chichester House in 
1700, as that of a minor, by Bryan O'Bryan, his 
guardian (who had married his widowed mother) ; 
an estate tail was claimed for him, and a jointure off 
the Galway property for her; but both petitions were 
dismist, and the estate was sold discharged thereof to 
Thomas O'Connor, Sir Thomas Montgomery, and the 
Hollow Swords Blades' Company. The ill-fated young 
Baronet, smarting under the confiscations which had 
left him landless, attempted to raise men for the ser- 
vice of the Pretender, but was arrested in Dublin 
about the year 1714 ; he, however, effected his escape. 

♦ Fitzgerald's Limerick, vol. 2, p. 332. f Idem, p. 370. 

dongan's dragoons. 291 

-Others of this name attainted in 1691 were 

Patrick Hurley of Dublin, Arthur of Grillagh, 
County of Cork, and John of Lissene, County of 

The Hurly Manuscript Pedigree Book, the in- 
teresting document before referred to, suggests that Sir 
Maurice, the transplantedHurly that died in 1683, had 
a younger brother John, who was father of a Jdin the 
younger (that may be identical with the Lieutenant 
John at present under consideration), and of three 
daughters ; 1, Grace, married to Captain Purdon of the 
County of Clare ; 2, Anne, to John Bourke of Cahir- 
moyle ; and 3, Ellen, to John Lacey the father by her 

of John and Pierce Lacey ; all these males having 

been companions in arms in this short but desperate 
campaign. Another John Hurly was Lieutenant in 
Lord Clare's Dragoons, but he had passed with them 
to France ; yet a third John was a Lieutenant in the 
Infantry Regiment of Colonel Charles O'Bryan, while 
a John ' Hurlin' ranks as Comet in the Earl of Aber- 
corn's Horse. 

The aforesaid Genealogical Manuscript also relates 
that a Dennis Hurly (descending from the brother of 
Sir Thomas of Khocklong, Baronet), married Anne, 
daughter of Robert Blenerhassett of Ballyseedy, Esq., 
by Avice Conway, daughter and co-heiress of Edward 
Conway of Castle Conway ; and that he had issue by 
said Anne five sons, Thomas, Charles, John, William, 
and Dennis. The three last died without issue. 
Thomas, the eldest, married Alice, daughter of his 

u 2 

21)2 KING James's irisii army list. 

uncle, Thomas Blenerlmssett and Jane Darby, and he 
had by her three daughters. Charles, the second son, 
married Alice, sole daughter and heiress of Edmund 
Fitzgerald of Morrineregan and Mary Ferriter, by 
whom he had a daughter and two sons, Thomas and 
John. Thomas married Letitia, daughter of Arthur 
Browne of Ventry and Alice Hurly ; and had issue 
one son, Charles the younger. John, the second son 
of the above-named Charles, married Mary, daughter 
of Edmund Conway and Christian Kice, by whom he 
left issue two sons, Robert Conway Hurly, the eldest, 
and John, and five daughters. John, the second 
son of John by Mary Conway, married Anna-Maria- 
Theresa, only daughter of Colonel Hugh Hill of 
Mount-hill, County of Armagh, by Elizabeth Kirwan, 
daughter of the distinguished scholar, Richard Kir- 
wan of Creg Castle, County of Galway ; and he has 
issue three sons ; Robert Conway married, and has 
issue ; Hugh-Richard Kirwan, died s.P. and John 
unmarried ; with four daughtx?rs. 


Whex Edward Bruce, in the assertion of a claim to 
the Crown of Ireland, fought in 1317 the battle of 
Faughart, near Dundalk, John Malpas a native of 
Drogheda, accomplished the most signal achievement 
of that day ; he and Edward Bruce, writes Pembridge, 
" fought hand to hand ; the valiant Scot fell before his 

dongan's dragoons. 293 

opponent ; who, himself pierced with mortal wounds, 
sunk a victor in death on the corse of his prostrate 
enemy." In 1326, Henry Mapase, his descendant, is 
recorded as a landed proprietor in Louth. John 
' Malpas ' was Mayor of Waterford in 1363. 

Of those attainted in 1642, were Christopher Mapas 
of Dublin, Merchant ; Nicholas Mapas of the same, 
and Garret and Edward ' Mape ' of Maperath, County 
of Meath ; the outlawed of 1691 were the above John 
Mapas and Christopher Mapas, both described as of 
Kochestown, County of Dublin; — an estate which does 
not appear to have been divested, or it has otherwise 
been restored to the old family ; for in 1789, on the 
marriage of Catherine, the heiress of John ' Malpas,' 
as he is called, with Lord Talbot de Malahide, the 
uncle of the present Peer, this property passed to his 


This surname appears on Irish records from the com- 
mencement of the fourteenth century. In 1359, John 
* Beg ' was one of the influential proprietors of the 
County of Dublin, who were selected to applot that 
district for a state assessment; and a family of the 
name appears subsequently settled at Saggard in said 
County. In 1500, the Corporation of Galway voted 
the freedom of their town to Richard Begg, on condi- 


tion of his keeping an inn for victualling and lodging 
strangers.* In the Outlawries of 1G42 appears the 
name of Matthew Begg of Boranstown, County of 

Dublin. On tliis Army List, another John Begg 

ranks an Ensign in Sir Michael Creagh's Infiintiy ; 
and the Attainders of 1691 comprise John Begg, 
dcscribetl of Kilkellan, County of Meath ; James 
'Beggs' of Cartown in the same County, Barnabas 
Begg of Galway, Merchant ; and Thomas Begg of 

same. At the Court of Claims in 1703, Joseph 

Dowdall, and Ishma Begg his mother, (widow of Matt 
Dowdall his father, who had married to her second 
husband Ignatius Begg), claimed an estate tail for 
him, an estate for life to Ishma, and a reversion to 
the heirs of Ignatius in County of Westmeath lands, 
forfeited by said Matt Dowdall. Pending the 
proceedings at Chichester House, she became an idiot 
and a fresh claim was made for her as Ishmay Begg, 
alias Dowdall, by her son Ignatius Begg the younger, 
for small incumbrances charged on the confiscations of 
Sir Anthony MuUedy in the County of Meath. 


Neither of these surnames occurs again on this Army 
List, nor at all on the Attainders of 1642 or 1691. 

Ilardimair.s Galway, p. 199. 

dongan's dragoons. 295 


The Wolverstons were long located in Wicklow. At 
the time that tract was erected into a County, James 
Wolverston claimed Ballinecor and Ballycreery in 
Cooleranill as his right and inheritance, by a convey- 
ance from a native Sept.* He was also possessed of 
^StaJorgan,' County of Dublin, under a lease from 
Richard Plunket of Rathmore. Of those outlawed in 
1642, were James Wolverston, described as of Rath- 
bran and Frainstown, County of Wicklow ; Paul 
Wolverston of the same locality, with Christopher 
Wolverston of Newcastle in said County. 

At the Assembly of Confederates in Kilkenny in 
1647, Francis Wolverston, styled of Newtown, was of 

the Commons. On the present Army List, besides 

this James, Richard Wolverston was an Ensign in 
Lord Galway's Regiment of Infantry. Neither of 
these surnames appears in the Attainders of 1691, but 
only that of a William ^Wolferston' of Knockedritt, 
County of Wicklow. He, it appears, held these lands 
under Sir Robert Kennedy, whose heir. Sir Richard 
Kennedy, claimed and was allowed the reversion. 
William forfeited also certain interests in King's 
County lands, the former estate of Robert Wolvers- 

* Inquis. 1605, in Cane. Hib. 

29G KING James's irisii army list. 


The name of Netterville is tr.iceal»le on Rolls in the 
Irish Chanceiy of such high antiquity, that the gene- 
ral contents have ceased to be legible. In 1224, 
Luke Netterville, Archbishop of Armagh, founded the 
Dominican Friary in Drogheda ; in three years after 
which he died, and was buried at the noble religious 
house of Mellefont. In 1335, John Netterville was 
summoned to attend John D'Arcy the Justiciary on 
an expedition against Scotland. Some years after 
which, Luke Netterville's seisin of Dowth, (long sub- 
sequently the residence of this ennobled family) is re- 
cognised on record,* while the right of presentation 
to its Rectory was, on suit institut<2d, adjudged to the 
English Priory of Lanthony. In 1559, Luke Netter- 
ville of Dowth, theivtofore Chief Justice of the Com- 
mon Pleas, was promoted to be Chief of the King's 
Bench. In Sir John Perrot's Parliament of 1585, 
Richard Nettenille was one of the Representatives of 
the County of Dublin. 

Immediately after the breaking out of the Insurrec- 
tion of 1641, Lonls Netterville, Gormanston, Fingal, 
and Trimleston addressed a letter to the Marquess 
of Clanricarde, whereby they souglit earnestly to vin- 
dicate 'the scope and purpose of their taking up 
arms ;' and, while the letter is dated 23rd February, 
1641, from the camp near Drogheda, it contains a 

♦ D' Alton s Hist. Drogheda, v. 2, p. 432. 

dongan's dragoons. 297 

candid and explicit avowal that they had made com- 
mon cause with O'Neill ; " and we now give your 
Lordship to understand, that by God's assistance the 
work is, by the help of our neighbours of Ulster, and 
by our own endeavours, in a fair way; we having, 
already in the field about Dublin and Drogheda about 
12,000 able men, and more expected daily, for the 
most part well armed ; and besides we can assure 
ourselves of the good will and endeavours of the rest 
of our Catholic countrymen."* Nicholas Netterville, 
Lord Viscount Dowth, was consequently attainted in 
1642,'; as were Luke Netterville of Corballis, and 
Thomas Netterville of Black Castle, both in the 
County of Dublin. At the Kilkenny Assembly of 
1646, Viscount Netterville was one of the Temporal 
Peers ; while, amongst the Commons, were Patrick 
Netterville of Belfast, and Richard Netterville. This 
Viscount was 'excepted from pardon for life and 
estate' in Cromwell's Act of 1652, as was also Sir 
John Netterville, Knight. The Act of Settlement, 
however, of 1662, restored (after certain reprisals) 
Lord Netterville and Luke Netterville of Corballis. 
The Act of Explanation, 17 and 18 Car. 2, c. 2, sec. 
97, reciting that whereas Nicholas Lord Netterville 
had been adjudged by the Commissioners 'nocent,' 
but his younger brothers and sisters had by decrees of 
said Commissioners recovered remainders, expectant 
upon his death without issue male, and also their por- 
tions chargeable thereon ; it was thereby ordered 

* D*Alton*8 Hist. Drogheda, v. 2, p. 243. 



that, two-thirds of his estates being reserved to the 
adventurers applotted thereon, the remaining third 
should be given back to the Viscount, and that he 
should himself be restored in blood to all intents and 
, purposes. 

It is remarkable that of this historic name no other 
member is noted in this Army List. Walker, however, 
in his 'Siege of Derry,' (p. 60) makes mention of a 
Lieutenant 'Netervil' as having been taken prisoner 

on that occasion. The Viscount's name appears on 

the Pension List of 1687-8, for £100 per annum. 
He sat in the Parliament of 1689, and was attainted 
in 1691, with James and Terence Netterville of 
Dowth, Sir John Netterville, and William and 
Nicholas Netterville of Cruise-rath, County of Meath. 
The Inquisition held at Trim on the 13th January, 
1699, on Viscount NetterviU, finds that he, "with 
divers other armed traitors, and with banners dis- 
played, levied war against the King and Queen ; that 
he did service at the siege of Deny, in July, 1689, 
where he was taken in battle; and that he afterwards 
died." At the Court of Claims in 1703, a Nicholas 
Netterville was a suitor for the benefit of a mortgage, 
affecting lands forfeited by John Cheevers within the 
Half Barony of Killian, County of Galway. 

KING James's ibish army list. 



The Colonel. 




Henry O'NeiU. 


Nicholas Eostace. Chrutopher Eustace. Daniel Egan. 

William BnUer. Richard Reddy. John Manning. Constant Kelly. 
Jeffiy Fay. Christopher Pien. Thomas Darcy. 

Mnrtogh McGninnis. 
Ever McGninnis. 

Charles Fitzgerald. Laurence DeUhunty. 
Roland Savage. John Savage. Henry Savage. 

Charles Mo Carty. Nicholas Williams. 


It would detract from the glories of this great 
Milesian name to attempt any summary of its annals 
and achievements here. They alike abound on the 
native chronicles and on those of later histories and 

In 1394, on the occasion of King Richard's first 
visit to Ireland, O'Neill, Dynast of Ulster, and his 
subordinate Chieftains, O'Hanlon, Mac Mahon, and 
others, did homage and fealty to that Monarch at 


Drogheda.* In 1520, when the Earl of Surrey came 
over as Lord Lieutenant to Ireland, Con (sunyimed 
Bocagh) O'Neill, who had by popular election suc- 
ceeded his brother in the Principality of Ulster, in- 
vaded Mcath with a large but undisciplined force : 
Surrey hastened to encounter him, but O'Neill, awed 
by his character and the well-known discipline of his 
forces, retired before him, and sent letters to solicit 
pardon and peace. In the October following. Royal 
policy directed that O'Neill and certain other Irish 
potentates should be knighted, and the King sent a 
collar of gold to the former, ordering Surrey to 
prevaO upon him to visit the Court, where Henry 
hoped to introduce him to English habits.f A simi- 
lar policy prompted James the First to take under his 
especial care Con O'Neill, the son of the newly cre- 
ated Earl of Tyrone ; and Royal disbursements appear 
on the Pell Rolls of that time, as for "£51 for so 
much money expended for the apparel, bedding, and 
other necessaries, provided for the education and 
bringing up of Con O'Neill ;" another "for £20 5s. 
for his expenses one quarter, at Eton College," &c4 

The Attainders of 1642 include James 'O'Neale' of 
Feltrim, and Thomas Neale of Athy ; while, in the 
Assembly of Confederate Catholics, four years after- 
wards, sat Henry O'Neill of Kilboy, Phelim O'Neill of 

Morly, and Turlough O'Neill of Ardgonnell. The 

Declaration of Royal gratitude in 1662, as "for 

♦ Daltons Drogheda, vol. 1, p. 122. 

t Idem, vol. 2, p. 182. J Idem, p. 210. 


services beyond the seas," notices Con O'Neill of Ard- 
gonnell, County of Armagh ; and Captain John 
O'Neill of Carrick, County of Tipperary. In 1687, 
Sir Bryan O'Neill was appointed a Justice of the 
King's Bench ; at which time Sir Neill O'Neill raised 
thb Regiment at his own expence.* Besides him and 
Lieutenant Henry in his Regiment, there are on this 
Army List four other O'Neills, Colonels of Infantry ; 
viz. Cormuck O'Neill, Gordon O'Neill, Felix O'Neill, 
and Henry O'Neill. The name further appears com- 
missioned in other Regiments ; as, — in Sarsfield's 
Horse, Daniel O'Neill was a Captain ; — in Lord Don- 
gan's Dragoons, Cormuck and Daniel O'Neill were 
Captains, and Arthur a Lieutenant ; — in the Earl of 
Antrim's Infantry, Hugh O'Neill was a Captain, John, 
Bryan, and a second John, Lieutenants, and Francis 
and Turlough O'Neill were Ensigns. — In Lord 
Bellew's, Henry and Hugh O'Neill were Captains ; — 
in Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's, Felix, James, Bryan, 
and Con O'Neill were Captains, Thomas and Henry, 
Lieutenants, and Art O'Neill an Ensign. 

" I am sending down," wrote King James to Gene- 
ral Richard Hamilton before Deny, on the 10th of 
May, 1689, the day after the meeting of his Parlia- 
ment of Dublin, " Sir Neill O'Neill's Dragoons into 
the Counties of Down and Antrim I think it ab- 
solutely necessary you should not let any more men 
come out of Deny, but for intelligence or some 
extraordinary occasion ; for they may want provisions, 

♦ O'Conor s Milit. Mem. p 195. 

302 KING James's irish army list. 

and would be glad to rid themselves of useless 
mouths."* Accordingly, early in the campaign this 
Regiment signalized itself in Down and Antrim, and 
afterwards at the siege of Derry, where a Lieutenant 

Con O'Neill was killed. In the Parliament of 

1689, Constantine O'Neill was one of the Representa- 
tives for the Borough of Armagh, as was Cormuck 
O'Neill for the County of Antrim, Daniel O'Neill for 
Lisbum, Toole O'Neill for Killileagh, Arthur O'NeOl of 
Ballygawly for Dungannon, and Colonel Gordon O'Neill 
for the County of Tyrone. 

When Schomberg was reported to have sent detach- 
ments to Sligo to command that country. King James 
despatched Sir Neill O'NeOl's Dragoons, with Briga- 
dier Sarsfield's and Henry Luttrell's Horse, and 
Charles Moore's and O'Gara's Infantry, to prevent 
their progress thither ; and the gallant conduct ot 
Henry Luttrell on this occasion is before alluded to, 
ante p. 191, by King James's biographer. This Regi- 
ment did further and most eflFective service at the 
Boyne, disputing the passing of the River at Slane by 
the enemy's right wing, " till their cannon came up, 
and then retiring in good order with the loss of only 
five or six common men, their Colonel shot through 
the thigh, (of which wound he died), and one officer 
or two wounded.f According to the Duke of 
Berwick's Memoir, this movement of Sir Neill O'Neill 
was by King James's especial order ; who, " believing 

♦ Manuscripts in T.C.D. (E. ii. 19). 
t O'Callagban's Excid. Mac. p. 352. 


the enemy might march by their right up to Slane to 
pass the river there, and endeavour to force the ford 
at Old Bridge, sent for Sir Neill O'Neills Regiment of 
Dragoons to Slane, with orders to defend that pass as 
long as he could, without exposing his men to be cut 
to pieces, and then either offer the King battle, or 
march straight towards Dublin, which they might 
easily have done, at least with a detached body of 
Horse and Dragoons, being so much superior to the 
King in them as well as in Foot."* His Regiment 
accordingly " resisted for a whole hour the passage 
of the English at Slane, though exposed to the fire of 
a numerous artillery and the charges of cavalry greatly 
their superiors in number."! 

The Attainders of 1691 include of this name 
Richard, Earl of Tyrone ; Bryan O'Neill of Dublin, 
Baronet ; Henry, Gordon, Hugh, and Philip O'Neill, 
also of Dublin ; Arthur of Ballygawley, County of 
Tyrone ; Constantine of Armagh, Cormuck of Brook- 
shane, County of Antrim ; Daniel of Belfast, Toole 
of DrominwiUy, County of Down ; Arthur of Bally- 
dufE^ King's County ; Brian of Ballinacor, County of 
Wicklow ; Henry ^Neal' of Drogheda, clerk ; Daniel 
Neal of Ballycamond, County of Carlow ; James 
* Neel ' of Clonegal, Do.; Cam O'Neill of Loughmore, 
County of Antrim ; Gordon O'Neill of Crea, County 
of Tyrone ; Cormuck of Kilultagh, Felix and Michael 
of Killellagh, County of Antrim ; and this Sir Neill 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 395. 
t O'Conors Milit. Mem. p. 107. 

304 KING James's irish army list. 

O'Neill, described as also of said Killellagh ; Shane 
O'Neill of Creevecamow, and Murtough of Tullylish, 
County of Down ; John of Fallagh, Owen of Brenton, 
Turlough, James, and Francis of Fintona, all in the 
County of Tyrone ; Paul and Phelemy of Ballyma- 
cuUy, Charies of Derrynoose, and Terence of Aghna- 
grahan, all in the County of Armagh. At the Court 
of Chichester House in 1700, claims were preferred 
against the confiscations of Sir Neill O'Neill, Baronet, 
by Dame Frances O'Neill his widow, for her jointure, 

as charged by settlement of 1677, allowed. By 

Cormuck O'Neill, as administrator of the Marchioness 
of Antrim, for mortgages and judgments affecting his 
estates, allowed By Rose O'Neill, one of his daugh- 
ters, for her portion, dismist. There were three 

other daughters of his, Mary, Elizabeth, and Anne, who 

do not appear to have made any claims. Jane, Clare, 

and Elizabeth O'Neill sought and were allowed their 
portions off Mayo estates of Con O'Neill ; as did Alice 
and Margaret, other daughters of Con by his wife 
Honoria O'Neill, alias 'Mc Daniel,' and all their claims 
were allowed, as charged by the will of said Con, 

dated 10th of May, 1684. EUis O'Neill, alias 

Mc Donnell, and Neile O'Neile claimed and were al- 
lowed a leasehold affecting Mayo lands of Henry 
O'Neile ; while a second Ellis O'Neill claimed, as 
administratrix of John O'Neill, a charge on other 
Mayo estates of Turlough O'Neill, but her petition was 



A FAMILY of the name was settled in the County of 
Westmeath, of which this JeflFry, styled in the Inqui- 
sition of 1691 Galfred Ffay of Trumroe in that 
County, Gentleman, was a member. Richard, Wil- 
liam, Michael, and Edward Fay were also attainted, 
and described as of the same house. George and John 
Ffay of Derryneganahan and Thomas Ffay of Togher 
were likewise outlawed in that County. There was 
also in the North a Sept to which the Milesian was 
prefixed, and of which Morres O'Fay of Ballyloran 
and Hugo OTay of Ballylanagh, County of Antrim, 
were attainted in 1691. 


This name is of early introduction into Ireland. In 
1302, William, son of Alexander Savage, was one of 
the Irish Magnates selected to attend Richard de 
Burgo in the Scottish war. In eight years after, 
Richard le Savage was one of those summoned to a 
great Council convened at Kilkenny ; and, in 1335, 
Robert Savage and John de Sauvage were of the Ulster 
chiefs ordered to attend John Darcy the Justiciary in 
the expedition against Scotland.* Pembridge in his 
Annals records the death in 1360 of Sir Robert 

* D' Alton's History of Drogheda, vol. 2, p. 83. 



Savage of Ulster, ' an excellent soldier ;' he was buried 
in the Dominican Friary of Deny. In 1375, Henry 
Savage, Knight, was summoned to Parliament ; as he 
was again in 1377 and 1381. In 1493, John 
* Savage ' was Mayor of Dublin. 

The Settlement of the family in the Ardes, County 
of Down — or rather the recognition of their oc- 
cupancy there in the time of Queen Elizabeth — is 
fiilly set out in Harris's too brief History of that in- 
teresting County. "The Family is reputed to be 
above 400 years standing in Ireland,** writes William 
Montgomery immediately after the Revolution ; 
"They called themselves Lords of the Little Ardes, and 
were men of great esteem, and had far larger estates 
in the County of Antrim, than they have now in the 
Ardes, which former they resigned to hold under the 
Mc Donnell.* Besides the line long settled at Porta- 
ferry, there was another not less ancient branch, the 
Savages of Ardkeen Castle. This family is of good 
account, and hath a second Castle called Scatrick, 
(the oldest pile of this family as is said,) and thirteen 
islands in Lough Coan ; both castles are tenable if 
fortified and repaired. Of this family one cadet, 
named Roland^ an officer in Queen Elizabeth's wars 
against the Irish, hath, since King James's entry into 
England, built the two Castles of Ballygalgat and 
Kerkstone (being high square piles), and gave the 
shore with lands adjoining unto two of his sons.^f 
In 1614, Sir Arthur Savage, Knight and Privy 

♦ Montgomery MS. p. 68. t Idem, p. 802. 

o'neill's dragoons. 307 

Councillor, (who had been previously distinguished in 
the war in Munster) obtained a grant of various 
castles, rectories, houses, mills, woods, lands, tithes, 
&c. in the Counties of Cavan, Mayo, Galway, 
Limerick, Tipperary, Kerry, Cork, Clare, Kildare, 
Wicklow, Meath, Roscommon and Dublin, as well as 
in the City of Dublin, The only individual of the 
name attainted in 1642 was William Savage of Lusk. 
In King James's new Charter of 1688 to Ar- 
magh, Patrick Savage was one of the burgesses. 

Besides this Captain Roland, there are in the Army 
List, in Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's Infantry, Edmund 
Savage a Lieutenant, and Henry Savage an Ensign. 
Captain Roland represented Newry in King James's 
Parliament, and, in the Inquisition for his Attainder, 
was described as of Portaferry and Newry, in Down. 
Within which County were also outlawed Patrick 
and Henry Savage of Ballygalgat, Thomas and Hugh 
of Dromode, James of Ballyspurge, Hugh of Bally- 
darves, Lucas of Dunhunck, and John and James 
Savage of Rocks. 

In 1702, the Right Honourable Philip Savage, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer in Ireland, purchased 
various lands in the County of Carlow, which had 
been the estates of John Baggott attainted ; as did 
Patrick Savage of Portaferry part of the confiscations 
of Captain Roland Savage, with "the fresh-wat^T 
lough thereto belonging." The Hollow Swords Bladc^s' 
Company also purchased his estate of Dromardin in 
the Ardes. At the Court of Claims, Patrick Savage 

X 2 


a minor, sought and was in part allowed a remainder 
in tail under settlements of 1685 in said Roland's 
estates ; while Hugh Savage, as son and heir of John 
Savage, was allowed a chiefly out of certain lands of 
the same forfeiting proprietor ; as was another 
Patrick Savage, to a certain extent, a mortgage 
charged upon same ; and John Mc Cormick and 
Dame Elizabeth Ponsonby claimed and were allowed 
charges on other premises of Roland. 


The Inquisition, taken on his Attainder in 1691, 
describes him as of Leighlin Bridge ; a William 
R<5ddy, described as of Old Leighlin, was also then 


The O'Mannings were a Sept more especially located 
in the present Barony of Tyaquin, County of Galway, 
where the Castle of Clogher was their chief residence. 
This Cornet is however described, on the Inquisition 
for his Outlawry, as of Lebeltstown, County of Kil- 
kenny ; and, as a family of the name of 'Maynwaring^ 
was at this time and previously of influence and re- 
spect in Kilkenny, it would seem that this officer's 

O'Neill's dragoons. 309 

surname may have been here corrupted from the 
latter appellation. 


Besides Comet Piers, in this Regiment, Maurice 
Piers was a Lieutenant, and Patrick ' Peirs ' an En- 
sign in Lord Mountcashel's Infantry. Yet the 
Attainders of 1691 do not mark oflf any of these per- 
sons, but only others, viz. John and Turlogh Piers of 
Calavennane, County of Clare ; while John Piers of 
Wicklow is the single outlaw on those of 1641. 

The name is however of record in Ireland from the 
time of Edward the Third. In 1362, Thomas Piers 
was Abbot of the venerable Religious House of Clon- 
ard ; and when, in two centuries after, the dissolution 
of these establishments was resolved upon. Sir Henry 
Piers, Baronet, had a grant of the monasteries of 
Corock, Gervaherin, and Puble in the County of 
Tyrone, with their possessions ; while Captain Wil- 
liam Piers had a lease of the once beautiful priory of 
Tristernagh, with its ambit and possessions. His 
title was afterwards converted into the fee ; the noble 
Priory, however, has long since been disconsecrated to 
domestic uses, and its extent and magnificence can 
but be conjectured from the view in Grose's Antiqui- 
ties of Ireland. 



The name of Williams does not appear on the Attain- 
ders of 1642, or on those of 1691. In Sir John 
Perrot's Parliament of 1585, Thomas Williams was 
one of the Representatives of the County of Mayo, as 
was Edward Williams of the Borough of Philipstown. 
Dr. Griffith Williams, born in Caernarvon in 1589, 
succeeded to the see of Ossory in 1641, and died at 
Kilkenny in 1672. Ilis Life is chronicled fully in 

Ware's Bishops. In 1662, William Williams 

represented the borough of Swords in Parliament, 
and in 1675 he was SheriflFof the County of Dublin. 



Captains. Lieutenants. Comets, Quarter- Mtuters. 

The Colonel. Turlogh O'Brjan. Daniel 0*Brjan. James Nejlan. 

James Phillips, David Bany. Thomas Fitzgerald. William Hawford. 

Francis Browne, 


Florence Mac Na- John Horley. Martagh Hogan. James White. 


Redmond Magrath. John Ryan. Hngh Pcrrj. James Ryan. 

Morres Fitzgerald. Morrongh 0' Bryan. Thomas Donnell. Christopher 0' Bryan 

James Mc DanicU. Owen Cahane. Nicholas Archdeken. Edmund Bohilly. 

Nicholas Bourke. Silvester Purdon. John BoniiLe. Gerald Fitzgerald. 

John Fitzgerald. William Lysaght. William Neylan. Daniel MacNamara. 

Roger Shaughuessy. Joseph Furlong. Laurence Dean. Dermott Sullivan. 

Teigue O'Bryan. Patrick Hehir. Hugh Hogan. James O'Dca. 

Thady Quin. Richard Bedford. Thomas Clanchy. Thomas Lee. 



This is another of the kingly families of Ireland in 
old times, whose achievements cannot be here com- 
pressed. The Sept was one of the five of the Irishry, 
who were by special grace early enfranchised, and 
enabled to take benefit of the laws of England ; the 
other four being O'Neill of Ulster, O'Melaghlin of 
Meath, O'Conor of Connaught, and Mac Murrough of 
Leinster.* In 1314, Edward the Second directed an 
especial letter missive for aid on his Scottish expedi- 
tion to Donogh O'Brian, 'Duci Hibemicoriim de 
Thomond ;' and also to Murtagh O'Brien. As the de- 
descendants of Brien Boru of immortal memory, this 
race gave titular Kings to Thomond down to the 
year 1543 ; when Murrough O'Brien, surrendering 
his Captaincy and Principality to Henry the Eighth, 
was created the first Earl of Thomond ; while at the 
same time the politic monarch conferred the title of 
Baron of Ibrackan upon his nephew, Donogh O'Brien, 
on whom, upon his uncle's death, Edward the Sixth, 
in 1552, conferred the EarlHom of Thomond, to be 
enjoyed by him and his heirs male. 

At the Supreme Council of Kilkenny in 1647, sat 
in the Commons Conor O'Brien of Ballinacody, and 

Dermot O'Brien of Dromore. In 1652, Cromwell's 

* Act for Settling Ireland' excepted from ' pardon for 
life and estate' Murrough O'Brien, Baron of Inchiquin, 

* Davis's Hist. Rel. p. 46. 


Dermot O'Brien of the County of Clare, and Murtogh 
O'Brien of Arra, County of Tipperary. In 1663, the 
Declaration of Royal gratitude for 'services beyond 
the seas,' includes Captain Terence Bryan of Palace- 
greny. County of Louth; and Captain Dermot 
O'Brian of Carrickonguis, County of Cork ; while, by 
the Act of Explanation, Daniel O'Bryan of Duogh, 
County of Clare, was ordered to be restored to his 
' Seat ' and 2,000 acres of his estates. 

By an order of Lord Tyrconnel to Colonel John 
Russell, dated 18th June, 1686, that officer was 
directed to receive into his Regiment, and to rank 
there on his respective companies, (iiiter alios) 
Lieutenant Cornelius O'Bryan, Lieutenant Terence 
O'Bryan, Ensign Turlogh O'Bryan, and Ensign Mau- 
rice 'Bryan.'* In King James's Charter of 1687, &c. 
Pierce Bryan was one of the Free Burgesses in that 
to Carlow, and was also head of the municipal Roll of 
Maryborough. Michael was one of the Aldermen in 
that to Kilkenny. This Colonel, Lord Clare, and 
Denis O'Bryan of Dough, Esq., were Burgesses in the 
Charter to Ennis, as w^ Terence O'Bryan in that to 
Navan, and Luke ' Bryan ' in the Charter to Ennis- 

corthy. In the Parliament of Dublin (1689) sat, 

amongst the Peers, O'Bryan, Earl of Thomond ('a 
papist'); O'Bryan, Earl of Inchiquin, (a Protestant); 
and O'Brien, this Viscount Clare : while in the Com- 
mons David O'Brien was one of the Representatives of 
the County of Clare, Alderman James * Bryan ' one of 

* Singers Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 459. 


those for the City of Kilkenny, as was Piers ' Bryan' 
for the Borough of Maryborough. 

This Army List has on Lord Clare's Regiment, 
besides the Colonel, four others of the name of 
O'Bryan : — Charles O'Bryan was Colonel of another 
Regiment, (Infantry), in which Donogh O'Bryan was 
Captain, and Teigue and a second Donogh were Lieu- 
tenants ; Carberry ' Bryan ' was a Lieutenant in Col- 
onel Robert Clifford's Dragoons ; Kennedy O'Bryan, a 
Captain in Lord Mount Cashel's Infantry, in which 
Walter Bryan was a Lieutenant. James and Lewis 
* Bryan ' were Lieutenants, and Denis Bryan an 
Ensign in the Earl of Tyrone's ; Michael * Bryan ' a 
Captain in Colonel Thomas Butler's ; Thomas Bryan, 
a Captain in Lord Kilmallock's, as was Donogh 
O'Bryan in Major-General Boiseleau's ; Arthur and 
Denis Bryan were Lieutenants in Sir Michael 
Creagh's ; James Bryan a Captain in Lord Galmoy's 
Horse; Murtagh Bryan in Sarsfield's. In that of 
Colonel Hugh Sutherland, James Bryan was a 
Captain, and Francis Bryan a Cornet ; while, lastly, 
John Bryan was a Quarter-Master in Tyrconnel's. 

One of these officers, styled Captain O'Bryan, 

was killed at the siege of Derry, 28th June, 1689.* 
In the August following, at the time of Schomberg's 
landing, this Regiment was stationed in Munster.f 

The history of this family has very peculiar inte- 
rest, even within the limits prescribed for these Ulus- 

* Walker's Siege of Derrj, p. 61. 
t Clarke's James II. p. 872. 


trations. Daniel O'Bryan, the third and youngest son 
of Cornelius O'Bryan, third Earl of Thomond, was 
Styled of Moyarty and Carrigaholt. He did great 
service and received many wounds in the wars of Ire- 
land, for which he was knighted and rewarded with 
considerable grants of lands in the County of Clare, 
which he had represented in the Parliament of 1613. 
Living to see the Restoration, he was created Viscount 
of Clare in 1662, in consideration of his own and his 
children's services, both at home and in foreign parts, 
and, for the maintenance of that degree of honor, he 
had restitution of his whole estate. His grandson 
and namesake was the individual under present con- 
sideration, the third Viscount Clare, who attended 
King Charles in his exile, raised two Regiments of 
Infantry for James the Second, and this 6f Dragoons, 
which, from the facing of the uniform, was known by 
the popular name of the Dragoons Buy (yellow). It 
was raised at Carrigaholt, and being considered the 
flower of James's army, was sent into Ulster at the 
opening of the campaign, under the conduct of Sir 
James Cotter, forming part of the numerous and well 
appointed force of which Lord Mountcashel had 
then the command ; but, on the 26th July, 1689, 
those troops were encountered near Lisnaskea, in the 
County of Fermanagh, by Captain Martin Armstrong, 
with two troops of Horse and two companies of Foot, 
who, "making a feint to attack with his horse, retired 
as if in disorder, till he drew Lord Mountcashel's 
forces into the ambuscade of his Foot, who, by an un- 


expected volley caused a great slaughter ; the Horse 
at the same instant facing about, fell on with incredi- 
ble force, and cut this brave Regiment almost to 
pieces, very few escaping by flight.'^ 

This Colonel Lord Clare was of King James's Privy 
Council from 1684, and Lord Lieutenant of the 
County of Clare. He fought at the Boyne, and died 
soon after. He had married Philadelphia, eldest 
daughter of Francis Leonard Lord Dacre, of tlie 
South, and sister to Thomas, Earl of Sussex. She 
died in 1662, leaving two sons by Lord Clare, Daniel 
and Charles ; Daniel, the fourth Viscount, went with 
King James into France, and was selected by that 
Monarch to form a portion of the Brigade of Mount- 
cashel. He died in 1693 at Pignerol, of wounds he had 
received on the occasion of the victory gained by Catinat 
over the Allies at Marsiglia. He never married, and 
his brother Charles, who had espoused the eldest 
daughter of Henry Buckley, Esq. Master of the 
Household to King James, became the fifth Viscount. 
For him was embodied a French Brigade Regiment, 
styled the Queen's Dismounted Dragoons, that after- 
wards was eminently distinguished in the wars of the 
Continent. It consisted of one Battalion formed into 
six Companies, each of one hundred men, officered by 
one Captain, two Lieutenants, and two Comets. 
Alexander Barnewall was its Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and Charles Maxwell, Major. 

This gallant Brigade in 1691 mounted the trenches 

* Graham's Derriana, p. 27. 

316 KING James's irisii army list. 

at Mountmelian, and served in Piedmont in 1(593. 
At the battle of Marsiglia, being strengthened to three 
Battalions, they presented a phalanx which remained 
impenetrable to tlie attacks of the German Regiments 
commanded by Prince Eugene, and they mainly 
effected his defeat. In Spain, in 1695, this Lord 
Clare, at the head of his Dragoons, was very active in 
several encounters, and chiefly contributed to raising 
the siege of Castle Follet. In the Campaign of 1696, 
his Regiment was distinguished at the siege of Valen- 
za in Lombardy, in one of the sallies from which the 
garrison bore everything before them, until checked 
by Clare's Regiment, who finally repulsed and pur- 
sued them to the palisades of Ortavie. In 1703, it 
won much glory in the Italian campaign, when 
Prince Eugene was compelled to raise the blockade of 
Mantua. Afterwards, in the same year under Villiers 
it maintained its character. At Blenheim, Lord 
Clare led the Irish by a forced and rapid march 
against the Imperialists, charged and broke them, and 
commenced a horrible carnage, which continued in 
the woods during the whole of the following night. 
It is perhaps unnecessary to say, however, that this 
was not the brittle which immortalized Marlborough. 
At that battle, however, which occurred in 1704, 
Clare's was one of the Regiments posted at Oberklaw; 
and, though assailed by four of the Dutch Regiments, 
Lord Clare maintained his post with indescribable 
bravery; the carnage was awful. In 1705, it served 
in Germany under Mai'shal Villars, and in 1706 was 

glare's dragoons. 317 

thrown into Ramillies to resist the assault of Marlbo- 
rough. " So long as the Irish were supported by the 
right wing of the French, they never yielded a single 
inch of ground ; but, when the cavalry of that wing 
was broken, and the infantry taken in flank, they 
were forced to retreat. Lord Clare, who commanded 
the Irish, and who on this occasion performed prodi- 
gies, did not surrender his fine corps prisoners of war, 
but cut his way through the enemy's Battalion, bear- 
ing down their infantry with matchless intrepidity. 
In the heroic effort to save his corps, he was mortally 
wounded, and many of his best officers were killed. 
His Lieutenant-Colonel, then Murrough O'Brien, 
evinced on this occasion heroism worthy of the name. 
Assuming the command, and leading on his men with 
fixed bayonets, he bore down and broke through the 
enemy's ranks, took two pair of colours, and joined 
the rere of the French retreat on the heights of St. 
Andre."* Lord Clare was himself carried into Brus- 
sels, where he died of his wounds, and was interred in 
the Irish monastery there. 

He left several children, but only one son, another 
Charles, born at St. Germains-en-Laye in 1699, and 
styled the sixth Viscount, or more usually in France, 
my Lord Comte de Clare. He, after some years, 
having been invited to England by his cousin Henry, 
Earl of Thomond, was by him presented to King 

* O'Conor's Milit. Mem. p. 316-17, to which work the com- 
piler is indebted for much of this narrative of Lord Clare s 


George the First, as heir at law to his estates and 
honours, whereupon he was assured of pardon, provi- 
ded he would conform to the Established Church, but 
with this condition he would not comply. On the 
breaking out of war between France and the Empire 
in 1733, this Lord was attached to the army of the 
Rliine, under the Duke of Berwick, and on the follow- 
ing year he served at the memorable siege of Philips- 
burg, where he received a contusion on the shoulder 
from the same cannon shot that killed the Marshal 
Duke. The Earl of Thomond did not however forget 
his nephew ; but, dying in 1741, left a will of 1738, 
whereby, although he bequeathed the bulk of his 
estates to Murrough, Lord O'Brien, eldest son of the 
Earl of Inchiquin, as being a Protestant ; he yet left 
a legacy of £20,000 to this individual, who upon his 
death assumed the title of ' Thomond ' in France, and 
there in the military service was distinguished for his 
knowledge of strategics, particularly evinced at the 
battle of Dettingen in 1743, and of Fontenoy in two 
years after; on the latter occasion, he was made 
Lieutenant-General. In the same year, at Ypres in 
Flanders, this Regiment of Lord Clare suffered con- 
siderably. The list of those killed and wounded there 
records of the kUledy Lieutenant-Colonel O'Neill, 
Captain-Lieutenant Shortall, Captains Talsey, Mac 
EUicott and Maguire ; and Lieutenants Edward Fitz- 
gerald and Macnamara ; while of the wounded 

were Captain Grant, (Lord Clare's Aid-de-Camp), 
Captains Christopher Plunket, Brien O'Brien, 


Creagh, Kennedy, Djiniel Mac Carty and John 

O'Brien; with Lieutenants Hugh Talsey, 

Davoren, Charles O'Brien, Cornelius O'Neill, and Brien 
O'Brien.* A Captain O'Brien was there also mort^dly 
wounded in Koth's llegiment. In two years after, at 
Lauffield, was killed in Clare's Regiment Captain 
Charles O'Brien ; while Capttiins Murtough and Conor 
O'Brien were there iroimded. For his services in this 
engagement, the French monarch promoted this Colo- 
nel to the rank of Marshal Thomond, appointing him 
Governor of New Brisac in Alsace, and Commander- 
in-Chief of the Province of Languedoc and all the 
coasts on the Mediterranean. In 1755, he married 
Lady Marie Genevieve Louisa de Cheffraville, Marchio- 
ness of Cheflfraville in Normandy, and, dying of fever 
at Montpelier in 1762, left by her Charles, his heir, 
bom at Paris in 1757, and a daughter born in 1758, 
who married the Duke de Choiseul Praslin, by whom 
she had a numerous issue. Cliarles the younger, and 
the last Viscount, died at Paris unmarried in 1774, 
when the title became extinct,f while the Regiment 
that bore his name was, on his decease, drafted into 


Was a Captain of Grenadiers in this army, and as 
such he was allowed a pension of £235 4s per annum 
on the military establishment, with another of £100 

♦ Gent. Mag. vol. xv. p. 276. 
t Lodge's Peerage, vol. 2, p. 34. 

320 KING James's irish army list. 

per annum on the Civil List ; he died in London of 
smallpox, 26th October, 1688. His third son, Rich- 
ard, being an officer, also in King James's service, 
and going to France in April, 1689, during the war 
with that kingdom, was therefore prohibited from 
coming home by the Act, 9 William III.; but, upon his 
petition and his avowed willingness to take the oath 
of allegiance. Queen Anne granted him licence to 
return in 1703, and he died in 1707 unmarried.* 

This Viscount was not included in the Attainders 
of 1601 ; but Daniel Viscount Clare was then out- 
lawed, as was Charles the fifth Viscoimt in 1696, by 
the designation of Charles O'Bryan, commonly called 
Lord Viscount Clare. There were also outlawed in 
the former year Charles and Daniel O'Brien of Carrig- 
aholt, and Murrough of Corrofin in the County of 
Clare ; Morgan, Connor, and Daniel * O'Bryen ' of 
Hospital ; William, Kennedy, and Daniel O'Bryen of 
Castletown, County of Limerick ; and Teigue 
'O'Brien ' of Carrowmore, County of Sligo. While in 
the County of Westmeath were held Inquisitions of 
outlawry against Bartholomew ' Bryan ' of Coolvock, 
Francis Bryan of Ballykeeran, and Henry Bryan of 

Castleback; in the County of Carlow, against 

William and Michael Bryan of Raheragh ; in the 

County of Kilkenny, against Walter and Michael ' 
Bryan of Harristown, James Bryan of Jenkinstown, 
and John and Edward Fitz-james Bryan of Browns- 
town ; in the County of Cork, against Dionysius 

* Lodge's Peerage, vol. 2, p. 816. 

Clare's dragoons. 321 

Bryan of Kilcoleman, Edward Bryan, Senior, and 
Edward Bryan, Junior. In the County of Wexford, 
against Lucas Bryan of Wexford Town, Hugh Bryan 
of Mungane, Arthur Bryan of Ironbrick, and William 
* Bryant' of Rosse. In the County of Waterford, 
against Darby Bryan of Craig-rush, and Terence 
Bryan of Comeragh ; and lastly, against Turrock 
Bryan of Ballinroan, County of Galway, and Piers 

Bryan of the Queen's County. At the Court of 

Claims, Francis O'Brien claimed an estate in fee, pur- 
suant to the Act of Settlement, in lands forfeited by 
Lord Clare ; while Ellen O'Bryen, alias O'Shaughnessy, 
widow of Connor O'Bryen, claimed an estate for life 
under her marriage settlements on lands forfeited by 
Donogh O'Bryan. 

For the gallant achievements of MuiTough O'Bryan 
(of Carrigogunnell) on the Continent, see OCaUagh- 
aria Brigades^ vol. I, p. 82, &c.; and of various other 
O'Bryens distinguished in foreign service much will 

be found in the same work, (p. 291). In 1769, 

died at Cambray in France Dr. John O'Brien, there- 
tofore the Roman Catholic Bishop of Cloyne. 


Colonel Phillips was killed early in the campaign, at 
the engagement with Colonel Wolseley, near Beltur- 

322 KING James's irish army list. 

bet * when John Macnamara of Cratloe was appointed 
in his place. 

The earliest notice of this name within the scope 
of these Illustrations, occurs in the Declaration of 
King Charles's gratitude for ' services beyond the seas,' 
which includes Captain Walter Phillips of Clonmore, 
County of Mayo. Of that family was Charles Phillips, 
a Captain in Colonel O'Gara's Infantry, and Gilduff 
Phillips, an Ensign in his troop. Captain Charles, de- 
scribed as of Ballindoe, a townland adjoining Clon- 
more, and his relative Philip Phillips, were afterwards 

adjudged within the Articles of Limerick. The 

name appears also in King James's Charter to Kal- 
kenny, where Samuel Phillips was one of the Alder- 
men, and Thomas Phillips one of the Burgesse§, In 
the Attainders of 1691 are included James and 
Edward Phillips, described as of Dromore, County of 
Down ; and this James it would certainly seem was 
the Lieutenant-Colonel here under consideration. As 
the surname has, however, not flourished in the North, 
while in the aforesaid locality of Clonmore it existed 
to the present year, some particidars of its descent 
from Wales are extracted from an ancient Pedigree 
in the" compiler's possession, drawn up in the last 
century, and expressedly vouched by the attestation of 
all the Roman Catholic Bishops of Connaught, and 
the Warden of Galway. 

It commences with Cadifer ap Colhoyn, Lord of 
Dyfed, who was of the same tribe with Vortigem 

* O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 86. 

glare's dragoons. 323 

King of Britain, and paternally descended from Maxi- 
mus, King of Britain and Emperor of Rome. This Cad- 
ifer was the founder of the ennobled line of Picton 
Castle, and from him and his lady Helen, only daugh- 
ter and heiress of Lleoch Llawen Vawr, a Prince of 
Wales, the tree of these two Houses grows out 
through his lineal heir male. Sir Adrin Ap Rhys, who 
attended Richard the First into the Holy Land, 
where he behaved so gallantly that he received the 
order of Knighthood of the Holy Sepulchre, and a 
grant of armorials, a lion rampant sable in a field 
argent. His descendant, Philip ap Evan, left a son 
Meredith, who was the first that took the name of 
Phillips, styling himself Meredith Phillips, instead of 
ap Phillip, the usual character of designation. 

This Meredith was born in 1242, and while his 
eldest son, Pldlip Phillips of Kylsant, was the ancestor 
of the family of Picton Castle, his youngest son, John 
Phillips, in the time of Edward the First, crossed 
over in that monarch's service to subdue the Irish 
* rebels ' in Connaught, where, the enterprise having 
succeeded, he acquired the patrimony of Clonmore, 
with the townlands annexed in the County of Mayo, in 
reward of his services. This John was born in 1271, 
as was, in the eighth generation from him, Gilbert 
Phillips of Clonmore, who married Mary Jordan, 
daughter of Walter Jordan, a Chief of the adjacent 
Barony of Gallen. Their eldest son Philip Phillips, 

bom in 1557, married a daughter of O'Gara, 

Chief of the Barony of Coolavin, in the County of 
Sligo; and their son Myles, bom in 1590, married 

Y 2 


Mable, daughter of O'Donnelan of Rossedonelan, 

County of Roscommon. Walter, the eldest son of 
Myles and Mable, became a Major in the army, and 
he is the individual named in the aforesaid Declara- 
tion of thanks. He married Winifred, daughter of 
Dudley Costello of the Barony of Costello. Their 
eldest son, Philip Phillips, commonly called Captain 
Phillips, was born in Austrian Belgium in 1653, 
where his father then sojourned with the Royal 
Family. On the Restoration these exiles returned to 
Clonmore; and Philip, in 1682, married Bridget 
O'Mulloy, daughter of Edward O'Mulloy, Chief of 
Oughtertyry, County of Roscommon. Their eldest 
son Myles, born in 1684, married in 1712 Juliana, 
daughter of Edward Browne of Tullimore, County of 
Mayo, by whom he had issue Edward his eldest son, 
Philip Phillips his second son. Archbishop of Tuam, 
('lately deceased,' says the Manuscript cited), and 
John who died unmarried. Edward, in October, 
1739, married Helena, daughter of John O'Kelly, 
County of Galway, by whom he had one son, Thomas;- 
born in January, 1749, who in 1767 married Cathe- 
rine, daughter of Philip and Anne O'Byme of Kil- 
loughter. County of Wicklow. Their issue * are ' 
Edward, bom 24th May, 1768; PhUip, bom 1770; 

and Myles, born 1774. Here this ancient Pedigree 

concludes. Edward, the eldest son, married in 1794, 
Anne, daughter of Doctor Terence Mac Dermot of 
Coolavin, and had issue Thomas, (and two other sons 
who died unmarried), with three daughters. Thomas, 

Clare's dragoons. 325 

the eldest son of Edward, married in 1828 Alicia, 
daughter of Doctor OTerrall, of the old Sept of 
Annaly, and he has by her three sons and four 

This family, of such ancient origin and old l^pect- 
ability in their County, has, in the bloodless revolution 
of the Incumbered Estates' Commission, been uprooted 
from the soil. They are there no more. 


He was descended from Dominick Browne, who was 
Mayor of Galway ;n 1575, through a younger son, 
Andrew ; (the eldest son of Dominick was Geofiiy, 
ancestor of Lord Oranmore). Andrew's son, John, 
was the father of this Major Francis, who having been 
killed at Athlone was attainted in the following year, 
the Inquisition styling him 'a Merchant of Waterford.' 
On his death and attainder, his brother Anthony 
succeeded to his property, and he was the lineal 
ancestor of the present inheritor of Moyne, Michael 
Joseph Browne. 

Extended notices of this name are api)ended to 
Lord Kenmare. 


The Sept of Magrath, or Mac Crath, was located in 


the County of Tipperary, also at Termon-Magrath in 
the County of Fermanagh, and in later time in the 
County of Clare, where they are spoken of in the mid- 
dle ages as the chief poets of Thomond ; while in the 
Parish of Modeligo, County of Waterford, they had a 
large estate, on which the remains of their Castles are 
noted by Smith.* In 1224, Simon Magrath was 
Bishop of Ardagh; of Killaloe, Matthew ' Mac Cragh ' 
was Bishop in 1391, Donat ' Mac Cragh in 1428, 
Thady Mac Cragh in 1430, and Dermot 'Mac Cragh ' 
in 1480; and Matthew Macraigh was Bishop of Clon- 
fert in 1482. In the ensuing century lived Miler 
Magrath, a Franciscan friar of the Fermanagh line of 
this family. He had been by the Pope's provision ad- 
vanced to the See of Down ; but, having embraced the 
Protestant religion in 1570, he was by Queen Eliza- 
beth translated to that of Clogher, and afterwards in 
the same year to the Archbishopric of Cashel, with 
Emly annexed, and yet more those of Waterford and 
Lismore by a commendatory grant, with various other 
substantial favours from her Majesty. He filled the 
Archbishopric for upwards of fifty-two years, during 
which time, says Harris in his additions to Ware, 
'he made most scandalous wastes and alienations of the 
revenues and manors belonging to it.' He died at 
Cashel in 1 622, in the hundredth year of his age.f In 
1629, a Royal warrant issued, directing Lord Falkland 

♦ History of Waterford, p. 82. 
t Ware's? Bishops, pp. 481-5. 


to grant a Baronetage* to John Magrath of Attyvo- 
lane, in the County of Tipperary, who had some years 
previously obtained from the Crown a grant of the 
Lordship of Knockorden, with divers townlands, the 
castle, town, and lands of Ballyneanty, and all tithes 
and advowsons belonging to the premises, with courts 
leet and baron.f 

The Attainders of 1641 present the names of Rich- 
ard and Patrick Magrath, both of Fyanstown, County 
of Meath; while Cromwell's Act (1652) so often 
cited, excepted from pardon for life and estate Sir 
John ' Magragh ' of the County of Tipperary, (i. e. 
the Baronet of Attyvolane), and Turlogh, son of 
James Magragh. Besides Captain Kedmond Ma- 
grath, there are on this List Bryan Magrath, a Lieu- 
tenant in the Earl of Antrim's Infantry ; James, a 
Captain in the Earl of Tyrone's ; Terence and Jolin, 
Captains in Lord Galmoy's (the latter was afterwards 
adjudged within the Articles of Limerick) ; another 
Terence was Lieutenant in Tyrone's, Miles and 
Nicholas were Lieutenants in Colonel John Barrett's, 
and Thomas was a Captain in Sir Charles O'Bryan's 

It appears from the Inquisitions of 1691, and the 
Petitions of 1700, that this Captain Redmond was of 

* Gilbert, in his interesting History of the City of Dublin, 
states (p. 4) that Charles II. granted to the request of Sir 
James Ware, who had declined the honours of a Viscounty and 
a Baronetage from his Sovereign, two blank baronetcies which 
Sir James filled up for two friends. 

t Rot. Pat. 13, Jac. 1, in Cane. Hib. 

328 KING James's irish army list. 

a Clare family, and seized of estates in that County ; 
an estate tail in which was on his attainder claimed 
by Robert Magrath, and allowed. Bedmond Magrath, 
a minor, also sought and was allowed an estate tail in 
other Clare lands of said Redmond, under articles 
entered into in 1687, upon the marriage of James, the 
father of said minor, and Mary his mother; under 
which articles that mother was allowed an annuity 
and jointure off said lands; while John Magrath 
obtained the benefit of a mortgage on the same estate, 
and Honora, widow of Thomas Magrath, an annuity 

thereof. For other claims, see antej p. 155. A 

large portion lying in the Barony of Tullagh, County 
of Clare, was sold by the Commissioners of the forfei- 
tures to Terence Geoghegan in 1703. Another 
Magrath then attainted was Bryan of Large, County 
of Fermanagh. 

At the battle of Lauffield, near Maestricht, in 1747, 

Captain John Magrath and Lieutenant Magrath 

were of those in Berwick's Brigade wounded. 


The O'Shaughnessys were Lords of a mountainous dis- 
trict dividing Galway from Clare. The Sept is, how- 
ever, traced in the Annals of other parts of this 
country. In 1060, died Dermot O'Shaughnessy, 
Abbot of Dunshaughlin, County of Meath ; as did in 
1140 another Dermot O'Shaughnessy, *the most dis- 

glare's dragoons. 329 

tinguished sage of Leath Cuinn,' the northern half of 
Ireland ; and in 1224, Giolla-na-naomh O'Shaugh- 
nessy, Lord of the western half of Kinalea, (Barony of 
Kiltartan, County of Galway). In 1451, a licence 
for using the English law was granted to Donat 
• O'Shasnam,' which seems to refer to a member of this 
Sept. In 1543, King Henry, by a patent, reciting 
that Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy and his ancestors had 
theretofore possessed themselves of premises in the 
County of Galway unjustly^ but that Sir Dermot had 
now surrendered same, the King therefore hereby con- 
veyed to hhn as the Chief of his name, and to his heirs 
male, all the manors, lands, &c. of Gort-Inchigorie, 
with several other denominations. To Perrot's Par- 
liament of 1585, went John and Dermot, the two sons 
of Giolla Dhu O'Shaughnessy, Chief of Kinel-aodha 
and Gort ; while in the Supreme Council of 1647, 
Dermot O'Shaughnessy, the heir male of Dermot of 
1543, was one of the Commons. He was deprived of 
his estates by the Usurping Powers ; but on the Re- 
storation was knighted, and by the Act of Explana- 
tion restored to his seat and 2,000 acres of his inhe- 

In 1642, the Marquis of Clanricarde wrote to Lord 
Inchiquin : — " The bearer, my noble kinsman, Sir 
Roger Shaughnessy, has, by my licence, taken his de- 
parture out of this government into Munster, to take 
care of his lady, family [who were besieged there] 
and estate in these parts, which, by reason of his long 
absence, doth and may suffer by the general unhappy 


distemper in this kingdom. I could not let so much 
worth and merit pass from me, without giving your 
Lordship notice that in his own person, his son and 
followers, he hath constantly, and with much forward 
affection, been present and assisting to me in all my 
proceedings and endeavours for his Majesty's ser- 
vice/** The son here alluded to was Dermot 
O'Shaughnessy, hereinafter mentioned, who raised 
fifty foot soldiers in the Marquis's service. William, 
the brother of Sir Roger, was likewise a Captain in 
the Clanricarde levy, and his character and loyalty 
obtained from the Corporation of Galway in 1648 a 
vote that he, then "Lieutenant-Colonel William 
O'Shaughnessy, (in consideration of his alliance in 
blood to the whole town, and for the good nature and 
affection that he and his whole family do bear to it,) 
and his posterity shall be hereafter free of their 
guild. "f The Captain Roger in this Regiment was the 
lineal male descendant of his namesake ; he married 
Helen, daughter of Connor O'Bryan, Lord Viscount 
Clare ; joined King James's forces, and was present 
at the battle of the Boyne, from which he returned 
home sick, though not wounded, and died in the 
Castle of Gort ten days after that fatal field. He was 
attainted in 1697, when his estates were granted to 
Sir Thomas Prendergast, ' a gentleman of family in 
Ireland,'! " upon the most valuable consideration of his 

• Clanricarde's Memoirs, fol. p. 201. 
t Hardiman's Galway, p. 216. 
{ Dalrymple's Mem. vol. 3, p. 76. 


discovering a most barbarous and bloody conspiracy 
to assassinate the King's most Excellent Majesty, to 
destroy the liberties and in consequence the Protest- 
ant religion throughout Europe.'' The Irish House 
of Commons had previously solemnly thanked him 
therefor ; and, on a representation that the rental of 
O'Shaughnessy's estate fell short of £500 per ann. 
other lands in the Counties of Tipperary, Galway, 
Roscommon and Wexford were added to those already 
appropriated for his reward ; the latter to the clear 
amount of £334 per annum. The O'Shaughnessy 
estates were afterwards the subject of long litigation, 
even to an appeal to the Lords ; but all attempts to 
disturb the grant of these confiscations were ineflFec- 
tive. Sir William, the heir of Roger O'Shaughnessy, 
died an exile in France in 1744. His cousin and 
next heir was Coleman O'Shaughnessy, Roman Catho- 
lic Bishop of Ossory, who instituted the alleged pro- 
ceedings ; they were continued by his next relative, 
Roebuck O'Shaughnessy, and on his death by Joseph, 
the son of Roebuck, until decisively defeated. 

The Attainders of 1691 include those of Dermot 
'Shaghnessy' of Castlegar, and William Shaghnessy 
of Gort ; while from the claims preferred at Chiches- 
ter House it appears that Captain Hugh Kelly, on 
behalf of himself and his wife, sought a jointure 
charged under settlements of 1688, on lands in the 
County of Galway, forfeited by Roger O'Shaughnessy; 

but their petition was dismist. In 1699, the 

Trustees of the Forfeited Estates complained, in an 

332 KING James's irisu army list. 

official report, that so hasty had been several of the 
grantees or their agents in the disposal of the forfeited 
woods, that vast numbers of trees had been cut and 
sold for not above 6d. a piece; and they particularly 
named the wood of O'Shaughnessy's estate as having 
been the subject of such waste. 


This ancient Sept is recognised in the native Annals 
from the earliest date of surnames ; those of Ulster 
commemorate, amongst the heroes who fought at Clon- 
tarf in 1014, Neill O'Quin. Widely spreading over 
Ireland, this family held territory in Limerick, Clare, 
Longford, Westmeath, and Derry. In the first 
County the name has been in later years ennobled, 
with the titles of Barons Adare and Earls of Dun- 
raven. In 1095, died of the plague Augustin 

O'Quinn, Chief Brehon of Leinster ; and in 1188, 
Edwina, commemorated as 'daughter of O'Quinn of 
Muinter-Iffernan in Thomond (Clare), and Queen of 
Munster,* died in her pilgrimage at Derry, 'victorious 
over the world and the devil.' In 1252, Thomas 
O'Quinn was Bishop of Clonmacnoise, as was John 
Quin of Limerick in 1505. The Patent Rolls record 
pardons to Thomas 'Cuin ' in 1318, to Maolmurry 
O'Coigne' of Castlemartin in 1395 ; and in 1402, 
King Henry the Fourth granted to Thomas O'Coyne, 
clerk, 'of the Irish nation and blood,' liberty to use 


the English law and language. In 1404, David and 
John 0' ' Coynge/ of the County of Kildare, sued out 
a licence of pardon ; and in 1413, Henry the Fifth 
granted to James *Coygne' similar licence as that 
before given to Thomas 'Coyne,' clerk, with the 
additional liberty of acquiring lands in mortmain for 

religious uses. Walter Quinn 'of Dublin' was 

preceptor to Prince Henry, on whose death he pub- 
lished an epitaph in 1613.* 

The Act that in 1612 confiscated Ulster by the 
attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his confederates, 
included Murtogh O'Quinn, 'late of Dungannon,' and 
Teigue Modder O'Quinn of the same place. Crom- 
well's memorable Ordinance of 1652 excepted from 
pardon for life and estate Brien Modder O'Quynne, 
and Turlogh Groom O'Quynne of Monagowre, in the 
County of Tyrone; while Mr. John Quinn was one of 
the twenty-four whom Ireton condemned to die on 
the capitulation of Limerick. The Attainders of 
1642 include Richard and Laughlin Quinn of Bally- 
hooke. County of Wicklow ; Edmund Quin of Bal- 
lenteskin, do. clerk ; Christopher Quinn of St. 
Audoen's parish, Dublin, and Christopher Quin of St. 
Michan's, do. merchant. In a patent of Clare lands 
granted in 1680 to Dame Lucy 'Fitzmorrice' and 
her son Richard Fitz-Morrice, there was an especial 
saving of the rights of Thady Quinn, possibly the 
above Captain, to certain lands therein, and to a mort- 
gage on others of the grant. 

♦ Watt's Biblioth. Britt. 


On this Army List, besides the above Captain 
Thady Quinn, Daniel Quinn was a Quarter-Master in 
Colonel Nicholas Purcell's Horse, as was Robert 
Quinn in Lord Dongan's Dragoons ; Christopher 
*Quin/ a Cornet in Colonel Symon Luttrell's, and 
James 'Quinn/ a Lieutenant in Major General Boise- 
leau's Infantry. Captain Thady Quinn was attainted 
in 1691, when his estates in the County of Limerick 
became vested in the Crown. The other Outlawries 
were of William Quin of Dublin, Richard Quinn of 
Athy, Hugh Mc Turlogh O'Quin of Cornetule, and 
Brian Ogc Mac Turlogh O'Quin of Glunoe, County of 


While this name is still extant of respectability in 
the County of Clare, the above Lieutenant appears 
to have been of a Cork family ; to one of whom. Colo- 
nel Bartholomew Purdon, M. P. who died in 1737, 
a monument is erected in the church of Ballyclogh. 
The name does not appear on the Outlawries, or else- 
where on the Army List. 


I^ 1542, Edward 'Lysart* was presented by the 
King to the perpetual vicarage of Ballytobin, which 


had come to the Crown on the Dissolution of monas- 
teries, as parcel of the possessions of that of Kenlis in 
Ossory. The List of * Scholars ' of Trinity College, 
Dublin, in 1612, has the name of Daniel Lysagh, 
otherwise Mac Gillisagh, afterwards presented to 
the rectory of Rathblynninge in the Diocese of 
KUlaloe^ with a proviso that * unless he shall reside 
thereon, after he shall have finished his studies in 
Trinity College, Dublin, the presentation shall be void.'* 
In the war of 1641, James Lysaght was a Comet in 
the army, and distinguished himself under the com- 
mand of the Earl of Inchiquin. [His son Nicholas 
was a Captain in King William's army at the battle 
of the Boyne, and was afterwards a claimant at Chi- 
chester House, for charges affecting the Clare estates 
of William Creagh, but his petition was dismist. 
His son John Lysaght was in 1758 raised to the 
Peerage, by the title of Baron Lisle of Mountrath, a 
title which still exists.] In 1666, Comet John 
Lysaght had a confirmatory grant of 500 acres in the 
Barony of Orrery, County of Cork. It was at this 
time that a Thomas Lysaght, then a young man, 
being on his passage to England, on his way to study 
at Oxford, was taken by a French privateer and car- 
ried into France, where he became a convert to the 
Soman Catholic religion. Incurring thereby the 
displeasure of his father, he was disinherited, and the 
estate of the family was bequeathed by that gentleman 

♦ Rot. Pat. 10 Car. 1, in Cane. Hib. 


to a younger son, the above Captain Nicholas of King 
William's anny. 

In the old cathedral graveyard of Kilfenora is the 
chief burial place of the Clare Lysaghts, and on a slab 
there is an inscription to Patrick Lysaght; in his 
epitaph he is made to say, ^ Marti et Baccho saspe 
tributa dedV The tradition of the country points 
to his grave as that of 'the warrior/ and suggests him 
to have been engaged in the Stuart wars, more especially 
as it is stated on the tombstone that he died in 1741, 
at the very advanced age of 85 ; he had four brothers, 
whose descendants are yet established in and about 
Ennis. In 1678, a William Lysaght, possibly the 
above Lieutenant, obtained a grant of 800 acres in 
the Baronies of Bunratty, Tulla, and Inchiquin in 
the County of Clare, by a patent in which he is ex- 
pressly described as the son of a Patrick Lysaght 
The daughters and co-heiresses of this William were 
married as before mentioned, ante^ p. 84. Besides 
this Lieutenant, a Thomas ' Lycett ' held the same 
rank In Colonel Carroll's Dragoons. 

In the before mentioned churchyard of Ballyclogh, 
County of Cork, is a handsome monument to the 
memory of the above John Lysaght, styled of Mount- 
north, Lord Lisle, and to his wife Catherine, who 

died before him. In the year 1780, another John 

Lysaght, styled of Brick-hill, died at Mallow; he was 
the father of the facetious Barrister of a past gene- 
ration, — Ned Lysaght. 



This family was one of the earliest English colonists 
of the County of Wexford, where they settled in the 
neighbourhood of Roscarlan, On the Patent Rolls of 
1346, David Furlong is mentioned as then a landed 
proprietor there ; \t would seem indeed he was the 
mitred Abbot of the noble monastery of Dunbrody, 
whose remains, after a lapse of centuries, are still 
strikingly interesting. About his time a Carmelite 
House was founded and endowed at Hoartown, in the 
same County, by a Furlong. In the Parliament of 
1585, Patrick Furlong was one of the Representatives 
of the borough of Wexford ; and at the Supreme Council 
of Kilkenny, Mark Furlong, described as of Wexford, 
was one of the Commons. This Mark, it would seem, 
was the same gratefully named in the Declaration of 
Royal gratitude of 1662, for subsequent services 
* beyond the seas.' 

Besides this Lieutenant Joseph, James Furlong was 
a Quarter-Master in Lord Tyrconnel's Horse. Yet 
neither of the names appears in the Outlawries of 
1691, which do mention David Furlong of Bannow, 
Nicholas of Kilcavan, Michael of Brown-castle, and 
Walter of Coole-Hall. The lands of the latter were 
in. 1703 purchased from the Trustees of the Forfeited 
Estates by George Saville. 

Ware, in his 'Writers of Ireland,' makes mention 
of a White Furlong, bom in Wexford, a student in 



Oxford, and subsequently a priest and author ; while 
in later years Thomas Furlong of the same County 
was a poet, whose talents, out of Ireland, might have 
been encouraged into high repute. He was one of 
the principal translators engaged in that national com- 
pilation of Mr. Hardiman, " the Irish Minstrelsy," — 
the songs of Carolan having been assigned for his trans- 
lation. Dying in 1827, at the age of 33 years, he 
was buried at Drumcondra, near the monument of 
Francis Grose the Antiquarian.* 


The Sept of O'Hehir was in earliest time noticed as 
territorially located at Magh-Adhair, a district of Clare 
lying between Ennis and TuUa. In a battle fought 
in 1094, at Fenagh, in the County of Leitrim, between 
Eoderic O'Conor with his adherents of the Siol-Murry, 
and the people of Thomond and West Connaught, in 
which Roderic was victorious, Aulaffe O'Hehir was 
slain ; while the Four Masters notice at 1099 the 
death of Donogh O'Hehir, as then Lord of Magh- 
Adhair. Soon after, however, this Sept were driven 
hence by the Macnamaras, westward to Hy-Cormaic, 
a tract lying between Slieve Callan and the town of 

The name does not appear on the Attainders of 
1642, but the clause of Royal gratitude in the Act of 

♦ D'Alton's County of Dublin, p. 247 

clake's dragoons. 339 

Settlement includes Ensign Turlogh O'Hehir, de- 
scribed as of Balame in that County. Adherents, as 
this family were of the O'Briens, the present Army 
List, besides the above Lieutenant Patrick, presents 
Teigue O'Hehir, an Ensign in Colonel Charies 
O'Bryan's Regiment of Infantry ; while, still following 
the fortunes of the dethroned Stuart under the 
O'Bryan guidance, Captain Hehir was one of those in 
Clare's Regiment of Dragoons, wounded at the battle of 
Lauffield village in 1747. 


This Officer was of Ardclogh in the County of Wick- 
low, as was also Thomas Bedford an Ensign in the 
Earl of Tyrone's Infantry, and a Dennis Bedford 
attainted at the same time, all of whom are described 
in the Inquisitions for their outlawry as of this 

locality. The name is of record in the Irish Rolls 

of Chancery from Edward the First. 


This name is not repeated on the Army List, nor does 
it at all appear on the Attainders. It is traced in the 
later records of Cork ; as that of * Pery ' is from an 
earlier period in Limerick ; where, in the middle of 
the last century, flourished the Bight Honourable 

z 2 


Edmund Sexton Pery, by whose influence that City 
of the Sieges was, though not until the year 1760, de- 
clared by government to be no longer a fortress ; and 
its walls were thereupon levelled, new approaches 
made to it, and a new bridge and spacious quays were 


This name is traceable in tlie Local and Family Hist- 
ory of the Counties of Galway and Kilkenny, from a 
very early period, and subsequently in Cork. Alured, 
Prior of the House of Inistiogue, County of Kilkenny, 
assigned in 1218 to the Abbey of St. Thomas of Dub- 
lin, a moiety of the Churches of Kilcormack and Tul- 
laghbarry, with which his house had been previously 
endowed by Stephen Archdekin, Knight ; who on this 
occasion confirmed the transfer. In 1309, * Maurice 
le Ercedekne' had livery of his estates in Ireland, a 
short time previous to which John le Ercedekne, 
Maurice le Ercedekne, Sylvester and William le 
Ercedekne were summoned, as * Fideles ' of Ireland, 
to the Scottish wars. And in 1435, John Archde- 
kin, a citizen and merchant of Dublin, was permitted 
to sue out a ' quietus ' from being thenceforth sum- 
moned on Juries. In 1585, Robert ' Archdeacon' was 
one of the Representatives of Ennistiogue in Perrot's 

Parliament. In King James's Charter of 1687, to 

Kilkenny, John Archdekin, merchant, was one of the 

glare's dragoons. 341 

Aldermen ; John Archdekin, junior, merchant, She- 
riff, and Peter Archdekin, Chamberlain. The aforesaid 
Alderman John was in 1689 elected by this body 
Mayor of their City. 

Besides the above Nicholas, Redmond 'Archdeacon' 
was a Lieutenant in Lord Galway's Infantry. The 
former, according to the description on the Inquisi- 
tion of Outlawry in 1691, was of the County of Cork, 
yet he is shown on record to have been seized of lands 
in Galway, which were the subject of a marriage set- 
tlement in 1699; while Redmond is styled on his 
Attainder as of Tristane, County of Galway. There 
were also attainted with them in 1691, James Arch- 
deacon of Kilmosheer, Henry Archdeacon of the City 
of Cork, merchant, and John Archdeacon of Monks- 
town, in the same County, at which latter place the 
castle was erected by one of said John's progenitors. 


The Mac Clanchys were a Sept of the Dal-Cassian 
stock, hereditary Brehons or Judges of Thomond, 
under the O'Bryans its Princes ; while another family 
of the name were Lords of Dartry and Rosclogher, in 
West Brefney (Leitrim). The Declaration of Royal 
gratitude in 1662, for ' services beyond the seas,' in- 
cludes Captain Murtough Clanchy of Castlekeale, 
County of Clare ; while on this Army List, besides 


Comet Thomas, John * Clancy ' was a Lieutenant in 
the Royal Infantry. 

The Attainders of 1691 name Murtough and 
James Clancy of Knocklane, Beetum Clancy of Cor- 
ringer, and Boetius Clancy of Glancun, all in the 
County of Clare. At the Court of Chichester House 
in 1700, Connor Clancey claimed a freehold in a small 
estate of Lord Clare ; — allowed. 


This surname, probably identical with Harford, is not 
found again on the List, nor at all on the Attainders. 
A family of the latter spelling existed in the County 
of Dublin in the last century. 


The Milesian surname of O'Bohilly, O'Bohill, O'Boyle, 
is of early record, as well on the native annals as on 
the Rolls of the Irish Chancery. In 1099, Canlam- 
rach O'Boyle was Bishop of Armagh, as was Cineath 
O'Boyle of Clogher in 1135. In 1301, during the 
vacancy of the See of Cashel, the King presented 
John O'Boghill to the Vicarage of Calveston, within 
that Diocese ; while in 1318 Dionysius O'Boghill sued 
out a patent for pardon and protection, and in 1597 

* Rolls in Cane. Ilib. 

glabe's dragoons. 843 

Niall O'Boyle was Bishop of Raphoe. Of the particu- 
lar individual, however, here in commission, nothing 
has been ascertained, nor of his family. 


This Sept possessed the territory in the County of 
Clare now known as the Parish of Dysart, in the 
Barony of Inchiquin, and within it had many castles, 
of which some ruins still remain. Branches of the 
family had also settled in Cork and Tipperary. So 
e^rly as 1151 the Four Masters record that when at 
Moinmore, a place which lies between Cork and the 
Blackwater, a battle was fought to establish the right 
to the sovereignty of Munster, (claimed as vested 
in the O'Brien succession), no less than nine of the 
Sept of O'Dea were slain. Again, in 1318 occurred 
the battle of Dysart-O'Dea, where Sir Robert de Clare 
was slain by Conor O'Dea, the warlike Prince of 
Cineal-Fermain,* a country of ancient Thomond in 
the County of Clare. In 1415, Dionysius O'Dea, 
precentor in the Cathedral of Limerick, sued out a 
licence to absent himself from his dignity for five 
years, and place himself in the schools of Oxford or 
Cambridge, receiving there, however, during that in- 
terval, the profits of his precentorship :f he was subse- 

♦ Vallancey's Collect. Hib. vol. 1, p. 617. 
t Rot. Pat. 2 Hen. 5, in Cane. Hib. 

344 KING James's ibish asmt list. 

quently raised to the See of Ossory. Cornelius O'Dea 
died Bishop of Limerick in 1426, while another Cor- 
nelius O'Dea was the first Prelate appointed to the 
See of Killaloeby Henry VIII. in 1546 ; his predeces- 
sor, James O'Corren, having then resigned " for the 
sake of retirement and living private.''* At the 
Court of Chichester House, John O'Dea was a claim- 
ant for a freehold in Clare, on Lord Clare's confisca- 
tions ; — allowed. 




CorneU. i 

Th Colonel. 


Edward Moclare, 


OliTcr Grace. 

Charles Geoghegan. 

Charles Lucas. 

Adam Kennigs. 

Christopher Quinn, 

, Thomas Bourke. 

Thomas Ducken- 

Henry Morley. 

Christopher Tyrrell. 


Sir Edward TyrreU. 

John Perkins. 

Qua rter- Masters. 


An Inquisition taken in 1687 finds that Thomas Lut- 
trell of Luttrelstown died about fourteen years pre- 

* Ware's Bishops. 

luttrell's dragoons. 345 

vious, seized of upwards of 2,500 acres in the County 
of Dublin, with the Rectories of Clonsillagh, Duna- 
bate, and Knockraddy, and that this Simon Luttrell 
was his son and heir ; and as so much has been 
written of the Luttrell family, ante, p. 189, &c., the 
notices here shall be confined to him. When Tyrcon- 
nel repaired to Cork to receive King James on his 
landing, this Simon (who had previously, as before 
mentioned, antej p. 61, been the Lieutenant-Colonel 
of the Hon. Thomas Newcomen's Infantry), was 
appointed Governor of Dublin, with an adequate Gar- 
rison.* Such he continued to be when James 
made his entry into that City ; and, in the Parlia- 
ment convened there inimediately after, he repre- 
sented the County of Dublin. In June, 1690, when 
James heard that his rival was marching to confront 
him, he committed Dublin to the more especial charge 
of Colonel Simon Luttrell, intending himself to pene- 
trate northwards to Dundalk, preserving the harvest 
of the County of Louth behind him.f After the de- 
feat at the Boyne, when Berwick collected a body of 
the routed Army at Brazeel, near Swords, King 
James at his instance sent out from Dublin six troops 
of this Colonel's Dragoons, to cover the Duke's retreat 
into the City. He afterwards, when determined to 
fly from Ireland, ordered this Officer to march to 
Leixlip with all the forces in town, except two troops 
of his own Regiment of Horse, of which this Army 

♦ Clarke's Mem. Jac. 2, v. 2, p. 378. 
t D' Alton 8 Drogbeda, v. 2, p. 316. 

346 KING James's irish army list. 

List affords no details, but which he kept to attend 
upon himself if necessitated to fly.* After the de- 
parture of his Sovereign, however, Colonel Simon, 
true to the interest of the self-exiled James, returned 
to Dublin, and did not retire from the trust which 
had been reposed in him, until dusk.f (A Narcissus 
Luttrel, it may be remarked, was about this time in 
King William's service,! while a Spottiswode Luttrel 
commanded an independent troop for James after the 
Boyne §) When the Irish party at Limerick, opposed 
to Tyrconnel, despatched their deputation to the King 
at St. Germains, Colonel Simon was associated therein, 
as before mentioned, p. 54. 

He was attainted in 1691, as were also his wife, 
and Thomas Luttrell described as of Luttrelstown, 
and Robert Luttrel of Simonstown, County of Kil- 
dare. That wife, Katherine, became a widow before 
the sitting of the Court of Claims in 1700, where she 
preferred a memorial for her jointure off his estates in 
the Counties of Dublin and Kildare, which was 
allowed her ; while his brother, Colonel Henry, 
claimed an estate tail therein ; but his petition was 
postponed, as pending already before Parliament. 
Margaret Luttrel, spinster, also sought and was 
allowed a remainder for years in Meath lands of said 
Colonel Simon. By the Articles of Limerick it was 

♦ Clarke's James II. vol. 2» p. 402. 
t O'Callaghan 8 Excid, Mac. p. 868. 
I Rawdon Papers, p. 419. 
§ Singer s Correspondence, v. 2, p. 514. 

luttrell's dragoons. 347 

agreed that this Simon Luttrell, together with Mau- 
rice Eustace of Yeomanstown, and Chevers of 

Mayestown, commonly called 'Viscount Leinster,' (who 
are stated then to belong to the Regiments in the 
garrisons and quarters of the Irish Army beyond the 
seas, sent thither upon the affairs of their respective 
Regiments, or of the Army in general), should have 
the benefit thereof, provided they returned within 
eight months, submitted to King William's govern- 
ment, and took the oath of allegiance.* Simon did 
not, however, avail himself of this proffered amnesty ; 
but, remaining in France, became there Colonel of 
the ' Queen's Regiment of Guards,' of which Francis 
Wauchop was Lieutenant-Colonel, and James O'Brien 
Major.f He died in September, 1698, as recorded 
on his monument in the Chapel of the Irish College 
at Paris, and left no issue to represent him.J 
O'Conor commemorates him as an Officer of great in- 
tegrity, who followed faithfully the fortune of King 
James, and forfeited his estates in that cause. The 
same historian says that at the battle of Marsiglia, in 
1693, his Lieutenant-Colonel, at the head of 2,600 
Irishmen, was posted in the centre of Catinat's line, 
and that in assuring this victory, these Irish had a 
principal share; their leader, Wauchop, however, fell 
on the field.§ 

♦ Harleian MSS. v. 7, p. 490. 

t Fitzgerald's Limerick, v. 2, p. 374. 

t O'Callaghan 8 Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 203. 

§ O'Conor 8 Military Memoirs, v. 1, pp. 219, 222. 


In 1696, Colonel Simon LuttrelFs glebe land was 
granted to Walter Delamer in trust,* while several im- 
propriate Rectories and Tithes, of which he had been 
seized, were granted by the Commissioners to the Trus- 
tees for augmenting poor livings, &c.; and at Chiches- 
ter House in 1700, many claims were preferred and 
some allowed affecting his lands in the Counties of 
Dublin, Kildare, and Meath, and his house property 
in Dublin City. 


The Moclares were a family very widely spread over 
Tipperary in the time of Queen Elizabeth. It does 
not appear, however, of what County this Major was 
a native ; while in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Infantry 
John Moclare was a Captain, and James Moclare an 
Ensign. The Attainders of 1691 present the names 
of James Moclare, Knight, of Dublin ; and a Jeflfry 
* Mockler ' was the forfeiting occupant of lands in the 
Barony of Tulla, County of Clare, which were claimed 
in 1703, and allowed to be the estate in fee of Sir 
Arthur Gore, then a minor. 


This Officer is described in the Inquisition of At- 
tainder as of Longwood, County of Meath ; as is also 

♦ Harris's MSS. Dub. Soc. v. 10, p. 260. 

luttrell's dragoons. 349 

a Loftus Duckenfield who was attainted at the same 
time. The name no otherwise occurs on this Army 
List, or in the Attainders. Captain Thomas appears 
to have been the son of Colonel William Duckenfield, 
by Elinor, daughter of Sir Dudley Loftus of Killyan, 
who after his decease married Sir Edward Tyrrell of 
Lynn, the next Captain in this Regiment. The 
early ancestry of this family is to be traced in Che- 
shire, where it enjoyed the honor of a Baronetcy. 


Hugh De Lacy, the great Palatine of Meath, in his 
settlement of that ' Kingdom,' as it was then yet 
designated, gave Castleknock and its lands accounted 
therein to his namesake Hugh Tyrrell, whose descend- 
ants were hence long after styled Barons of Castle- 
knock. In 1302, Gerald Tyrrell and Richard Tyrrell 
were two of the ' Fideles ' of Ireland, whose military 
services were sought by King Edward for the war in 
Scotland. When, in fifteen years after, Edward 
Bruce led his rash invasion into Ireland, in his south- 
ward march he encamped before Castleknock, and 
took the Baron and his Lady prisoners, until soon 
aft«r ransomed.* The last Lord of this ancient line 
was Hugh Tyrrell, in 1485 ; and, on his death with- 
out issue male, the inheritance passed to Christopher 

• D'Alton's Hist. Dub. p. 557. 


Bamewall and John Bumell, who had. respectively 
married the daughters and co-heiresses of the Chief. 

During Tyrone's rebellion in 1597, a Captain Tyr- 
rell was sent into Leinster by the ' insurgents,' with a 
troop of five hundred men to excite disaffection in 
that Province ; " a son of Lord Trimleston was de- 
tached with 1,000 men to attack him and his party; 
but the experience and address of the rebel leader 
supplied the deficiency of his numbers, he gave the 
royalists a total defeat, and sent their young 
commander a prisoner to O'Neill.* In 1600, the 
same Tyrrell it would seem was an active adherent of 
Desmond in the Munster war. He it was who 
defended the Castle of Cape Clear, and consequently, 
in the Instruction given for the prosecution of the 
war in Munster, ' Tyrrel ' is mentioned as one of the 
* capital rebels' whom his Lordship (the President) 
must lose no exertion to take, alive or dead. A 
Funeral Entry of 1636, in the Office of Arms, records 
the death of Edward Tyrrell of Caverstown, County 
of Westmeath, (second son of Edward Tyrrell of do., 
eldest son and heir of Richard Tyrrell of same place); 
adding that he married Honora, daughter of John 
Tyrrell of Clonmoyle in said County, by whom he 
had three sons ; Richard, as yet unmarried, and two 
others who died so ; that said Edward took to his se- 
cond wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Eustace of 
Clongowes Wood, by whom he had a daughter — dead. 
His third wife was Amy, daughter of Richard Sutton 

* Leland's Ireland, vol. 2, p. 354. 

luttrell's dragoons. 351 

of Richardstown, County of Kildare ; by whom he 
had one son James. Said first-mentioned Edward 
Tyrrell died 11th May, 1636, and was buried at 
Castlelost, County of Westmeath. The Attainders of 
1642 comprise the names of Henry Tyrrell of 
Killussy, County of Kildare ; Peter Tyrrell of Ath- 
boy, merchant ; and Thomas Tyrrell of do., with 
many others of the name in Westmeath.* In the 
same year Colonel Monk, afterwards celebrated as the 
Duke of Albemarle, took Castleknock and put many 
of the garrison to the sword ; but in November, 1647, 
Owen Eoe O'Neill retook this old fortress from the 
Republicans. In this latter year, Thomas Tyrrell of 
Kilbride was of the Supreme Council at Kilkenny ; 
he was therefore, in Cromwell's Act of 1652, excepted 
firom pardon for life and estate ; but, by the Act of 
Explanation in 1665, was restored to his seat and 
three thousand acres. 

In particular reference to this Captain Sir Edward 
Tyrrel, the Earl of Clarendon, writing to the Earl of 
Rochester, says, " On Saturday last in the evening, 
one Mr. Edward Tyrrell of the County of Meath 
brought me the King's letter for creating him a Baro- 
net. He is a very old man, and it were to be 
wished His Majesty had good accounts of men before 
he conferred marks of honor upon them, which he 

* On the Westmeath Forfeitures of this Civil war and the 
several patentees thereof, the Book of Survey and Distribution 
in that County has been recently copied, compared, and 
printed^ to the extent of 126 folios, beautifully executed by John 
Charles Lyons, Esq. of Ladiston, a Deputy Lieutenant there. 


may very easily have if he pleaseth, and still do what he 
has a mind to. This gentleman's father was a law- 
yer and a Roman Catholic ; what religion he was of 
in the time of the Usurper nobody can tell, but he 
was employed by them to make a Survey of the 
County of Meath, which he did most exactly ; therein 
discovering all the secrets with which he was 
entrusted. His estate was very small. This gentle- 
man has much improved it, as he says that he bought 
of new title from soldiers, adventurers, and * 49 ' in- 
terest, to the value of about £700 per annum ; of 
which it is said he owes £5,000, and is incumbered 

with variety of lawsuits He is of any or no re- 

ligion, sometimes a Roman Catholic, sometimes a 
Protestant."* In the Pariiament of 1689, this in- 
dividual sat as one of the Representatives for the 
Borough of Belturbet, and there appear of his name, 
and possibly kindred, on this Army List, John 
Tyrrell, a Captain in the King's Own Foot ; Walter 
Tyrrell in Fitz-James's ; and Simon ' Turrill,' a Lieu- 
tenant in Colonel Robert Clifford's Dragoons. On 
the 7th of April, 1690, King James, 'reposing great 
trust and confidence in the honesty and diligence, 
care and circumspection of our trusty and well- 
beloved Sir Edward Tyrrell,' appointed him supervisor 
of the Counties of Cork, Waterford, and Kerry ; with 
powers to prevent or punish frauds, neglects, and mis- 
demeanours there ; " to preserve our woods, houses, 
and parks, and to view our fortifications within the 

* Singer's Corresp. of Lord Clarendon, &c., v. 1, p. 883. 

luttrell's dragoons. 353 

same, and execute all necessary repairs."* In the 
King's ecclesiastical appointments of 4th June, 1690, 
Doctor Philip Tyrrell was one of those whom His 
Majesty presented to the Rectories of Lynn and 
Moylesker in the County of Westmeath ; while Doc- 
tor John Tyrrell was at the same time presented to 
those of Kilmetsan and Galtoon, and another John 
Tyrrel to the Rectory of Rathconnel, all in said 
County.f It may be observed that amongst the 
Roman Catholic Prelates, whom King James immedi- 
ately after his accession recommended to the protec- 
tion of the Earl of Clarendon, were Doctor Patrick 
Tyrrell, R.C. Bishop of Clogher and Kilmore, with 
Doctor Dominick Maguire, the R.C. Primate of 
Armagh, and the other Irish Roman Catholic Pre- 
lates. The first Doctor Tyrrell was Secretary to Lord 
Tyrconnel, and amongst papers of his that were taken 
by King William's party, was that Lord's * occult ono- 
matographie,' to which was a key on a separate sheet, 
in which Ireland was designated Barbadoes, &c.| 

There were of this name attainted in 1691, the 
above Captain Edward of Longwood, Baronet, with 
nine of the name in the County of Westmeath, and 
three in other parts of the country.§ At the Court of 

♦ Harris's MSS. Dub. Soc. v. 10, p. 143. 

t De Burgo, Hib. Dom. p. 20. 

} Thorpe's Catal. Southwell MSS. p. 183. 

§ Hitherto the • Illustrations ' in this Work have been 
extended to details, which it is thought prudent henceforth to 
abridge as above. In cases, where no particular interest has 
been evinced, they might be only irksome to the public at large. 


354 KING James's irish army list. 

Claims, Gabriel Tyrrell claimed an estate tail especial 
in County of Westmeath lands forfeited by Francis 
Tyrrell, but his petition was dismist ; as was also a 
claim of fiichard Tyrrel for a remainder of 41 years 
leasehold, in the lands forfeited by Sir Edward Tyrrell. 
The witness to this conveyance was Thomas Ducken* 
field, probably the preceding Captain. The daughter 
of ^is Sir Edward was a Protestant, and, marrying 
Sir John Edgeworth, another Protestant, Longwood 
passed into the latter family, in which it remained 
unaffected by the penal laws. 


This Officer seems to have been akin to another 
Charles Lucas, the nephew of Sir Charles Lucas who 
was shot in 1648, by the Parliament army, on the sur- 
render of Colchester. This nephew was ennobled by 
the title of Lord Lucas, had a pension of £500 per 
ann. on the Establishment of 1687-8, and was, by 
warrant of the Lords assembled at Guildhall, Decem- 
ber 11th, 1688, the day before James the Second fled 
from the palace of Whitehall, appointed Constable of 
the Tower of London. In 1661, Edward Lucas, who 
seems to have been of the Monaghan lineage, was ap- 
pointed a Sub-Commissioner for putting in execution 
the King's Declaration for the Settlement of Ireland ; 
while in later years flourished in Ireland a namesake 
of the lieutenant, the well-known Dr. Charles Lucas, 

luttrell's dragoons. 


commemorated by a fine marble statue in the Royal 
Exchange, now the Town-hall of Dublin. 


None of these names is repeated on the Army List, 
nor noted in the Outlawries of 1691. A family of 
the * Morieys ' had been settled at Feltrim, in the 
County of Dublin; and in the minutes of the Courts- 
martial held by the Usurping Power in 1651, &c., 
appears the name of Humphrey Morley^i tried at Naas 

on the 27th October, 1652, A family of the name 

of Perkins was about the same time settled at Ath- 




ComeU. Quarter.3faster8. 

The Gokmel. 




Gonnell FerralL 

Oarberry Bryan. 

Christopher Ferrall. Daniel Griffin. 

HflBzy GroAon. 

Myles M«Dennott. 

John Crofton, 

Tflfvnoe Gogfalan. 

Robert Caaack. 

Mnet D'AltoD. 

Simon TerrilL 

William Smith. 

Jamei Fitigerald. 

William Clifford. 

Henrj Clifford. 

Simoa Wjrw. 

John Maciuwj. 

Thomaa Barton. 

Chriatopher Fitz- 

AA 2 

356 KING James's irish army list. 


The name of De CliflFord is traced on Irish records from 
the time of Henry the Third. In 1227, Simon Clif- 
ford granted an annuity of forty shillings (no very 
small sum at the time) to the Abbey which he had 
refounded at Durrow, in the King's County. The 
religious house which previously existed there had 
been dilapidated by Sir Hugh de Lacy, as before 
mentioned, in 1175. In 1282, William de CliflFord 
was Bishop of Emly ; and in 1374, Sir Thomas Clif- 
ford was summoned to a Parliament held in Dublin. 
In 1597, Sir Conyers CliflFord was governor of Con- 
naught; and ih 1600, Sir Alexander CliflFord had the 
command of 150 men in the Munster war. Story, in 
his Impartial History^ alluding to the movements of 
King William's army, relates that on the 31st Decem- 
ber, 1690, three Regiments of the Irish, coming down 
to the Shannon at the Connaught side near Lanes- 
borough, "Colonel CliflFord and the other Irish officers 
drank healths over to our men, and those on our side 
returned the compliment." In May, 1691, says the 
same historian. Captain Johnston, at the head of 100 
men, surprised near Ballinamona in the King's County 
two troops of CliflFord's Dragoons and a party of Lord 
Merrion's Horse. In three months after, at the time 
of the death of Tyrconnel, as Harris suggests,* the 
Irish began to be jealous of Brigadier CliflFord, (as in 
truth they had some reason) but, in consequence of 

♦ Life of King WiU. 8, p. 887. 


the disunion among the principal officers, he was 
continued in the command of 1,500 horse to guard 
the passes of the Shannon ; and in confirmation of the 
justice of that jealousy, the writer adds that " when 
the besiegers had finished a bridge into the island of 
Limerick, and Colonel Matthews' (Williamite) Dra- 
goons began to pass over it. Brigadier Clifford was 
posted near the place of passage with four Regiments 
of Dragoons, who did not seem very forward, though 
they marched down on foot and pretended to give 

opposition He was of the moderate party who 

were inclined to put an end to the war."* Colonel 
O'Kelly, in reference to this inertness, states circum- 
stances which clearly establish that Clifford, if innocent 
of treachery, was at least guilty of unpardonable 
neglect-t "He (says the Colonel) was an Irishman by 
birth, his grandfather being of a noble family in Eng- 
land who came to Ireland in Queen Elizabeth's days ; 
he professed the Roman Catholic religion ; was vain, 
of shallow parts, of no great conduct ; and, thoUgh it 
cannot be positively averred he was a traitor, yet it 
was not prudent in Sarsfield to entrust him with such 
a post, as he knew him to be a creature of Tyrconnel's, 
to be malcontent, and very unfortunate in all his 
undertakings ; and Sarsfield was earnestly desired, 
on the morning before that fatal night, by O'Kelly 
himself (as the Colonel relies), for whose opinion he 
always seemed to have a great value, either to come 

♦ life of King WUl. 3, p. 846. 
t Excid. Mac, p. 151, &c. 


in person from Limerick to command at those passes, 
or, if he could not come himself, to send Wauchop 
thither ; otherwise that the enemy would come over 
and besiege the town on both sides ; but there was 
some fatality in the matter." 

The Earl of Westmeath (whose Regiment of In- 
fantry is hereafter alluded to), writing to Harris, the 
compiler of the Life of William the Third, on 22nd 
August, 1749, further confirms by his experience 
Clifford's great neglect: — "This Brigadier commanded 
where the bridge was laid over, and by a very great 
neglect he made no opposition to it. He was for 
that neglect confined in the Castle [of Limerick], and 
I believe, if the Articles were not made, he must of 
course be condemned by a Court Martial. I had a 
Regiment of Horse, and we were encamped on a 
mountain within three miles of the bridge, and the 
body consisted of 3,000 horse commanded by General 
Sheldon ; and, on his hearing an account of Ginkle's 
having laid a bridge over the Shannon, and that a 
great number both of Horse and Foot had passed it, 
he marched with the Horse to Sixmilebridge, which 
we passed, and marched the next day to Clare, where 

we remained till we made Articles."* After the 

Capitulation, Clifford was particularly active in en- 
deavouring to bring over the Irish soldiers to the 
English service,! and his own Regiment is represented 
as having exhibited the most numerous defections to 

* Excidium Macariae, p. 481. 
t O'Conors Milit. Mem. p. 188. 

Clifford's dragoons. 859 

the new interest. His Attainder bears date 11th 
May, 1691, and he is thereon described as Robert 
CUflFord of Dublin, Esq. 


Nothing has been ascertained of this evidently Scotch 
officer, though information hss been sought from the 
Baronet of Coul, in Rossbire, of whose ancestry it is 
conjectured he was. 


The Principality of this illustrious Irish Sept was 
Annaly, covering a large portion of the present County 
of Longford ; and, from the earliest use of surnames 
in Ireland, the achievements, succession, and obits of 
their Tanists or Captains, the many religious houses 
they founded, and the castles they erected, are 
recorded in the native annals. They have been 
Bishops and Abbots of the highest rank, and, although 
located on the debateable borders of the Pale, have 
intermarried with the noblest houses of the English 
Settlers. The Four Masters relate that Gildas O'Fer- 
ral, leader of the Annaly Sept, Chief Arbitrator of 
Ireland, died in 1141 at an advanced age. In 1203, 
Amalgaid OTerral, then Abbot of Derry, was elected 


Abbot of lona. Later in this century the OTerrals 
founded Abbey ^hrule for Cistercian monks, and the 
friary of Ballynasaggard for Franciscans : both es- 
tablishments being in the present County of Longford. 
In 1299, Florence OTerral died Bishop of Emly, 
and Ueft behind him a great reputation for his alms- 
deeds, hospitality, and other good works.,* In 1314, 
GeflFrey OTerral of * Montravy ' was summoned by 
King Edward to the Scottish war. In 1347, Owen 
OTerral succeeded to the See of Ardagh, as did Char- 
les OTerral in 1373. In 1400, the noble Dominican 
Friary of Longford was founded by the Chief, in 
which Cornelius OTerral, who died Bishop of Ardagh 
in 1424, was buried. In 1486, William OTerraU, 
himself the Dynast of Annaly, was Bishop of Ardagh, 
and continued to discharge the double duties of the 
prelacy and the Chiefry.f In 1 541 , Richard OTerrall, 
Abbot of Larha and Dynast of Annaly, had a similar 
charge of the Diocese of Ardagh. In 1565, Sir 
Henry Sidney first erected * Annaly of the OTerralls' 
into the Shire of Longford. In 1583, Lysach OTer- 
ral, a conformist, obtained the See of Ardagh from 
Queen Elizabeth ; and in 1587, Thady OTerral was 
Bishop of Clonfert. Two years previously, in Per- 
rons Parliament, the sept was represented by the 
Captains of two diverging lines ; viz. William, son of 
Donal, son of Cormac OTerrall ; and Fachtna, son of 
Bryan, son of Roderic, son of Cathal OTerrall ; yet 

♦ Ware's Bishops, p. 271. f Wem, p. 254. 


both their territories were soon after included in the 
plantation scheme of James the First, and an enquiry 
was directed to ascertain the extent of their estates. 
This measure almost wholly cast the Sept out of their 
old territory ; and in 1610, by the marriage of Amy, 
daughter of Cormac OTerral, with Captain George 
Lane, a portion passed to that family, the grandson of 
which marriage was the first Viscount Lanesborough. 
The Attainders of 1642 comprise the names of Ge- 
raid 0' ' Farrel,' of Kill, Clerk ; Dionysius Ferrel, of 
Kildrought, County of Kildare ; and Nicholas Farrel 
of Kill, merchant. Amongst the Confederate Catho- 
lies who were assembled at Kilkenny in 1647, 
were Donel OTerrall of Enniscorthy, Fergus OTer- 
rall of Bleamclogher, and Francis OTerrall of 
Moate. Colonel Richard OTerrall was then a dis- 
tinguished oflScer in the service of Owen Roe O'Neill. 
The Declaration of Royal gratitude, for services be- 
yond the seas, includes Captain Gerald Ferrall, Ensign 
John Ferrall, Colonel Lewis OTerrall, Sir Connell 
Ferrall of Tirlickin, County of Longford (who seems 
to be identical with the above Captain Connell), with 
Charles Ferrall, and Francis Ferrall of Momin in the 
same County. Besides the above Captain Connell 
Ferrall, there are on this Army List Fergus Farrell a 
Captain in Colonel Richard Nugent's Infantry, and 
Gerald Farrell a Lieutenant, and Fergus Farrell an 
Ensign in Colonel Oliver O'Gara's (late Colonel Iriell 
Farrell's). In the Parliament of 1689, Roger and 
Robert Ferrall were the Representatives of the County 
of Longford, as was another Roger Ferrall one of 


those for Lanesborough. The above Captain Connell 
(or more correctly, it wotdd seem, Sir Connell Ferrall) 
was early advanced to be a Lientenant-Colonel ; and 
he, as Mackenzie relates, was in 1688 ordered out 
firom Boyle, with the Dartry Irish to the number of 
four or five hundred, to oppose the Enniskilleners. 
He was afterwards killed at the siege of Deny, as 
was also a Captain Ferrall.* 

The Attainders of 1691 present the names of eight 
of the Sept in the County of Longford, and one in 
each of the Counties of Westmeath, Roscommon, 
Tyrone, and the City of Dublin ; and at Chiches- 
ter House many claims were made as attaching on 
the Longford estates of OTerralls ; they are, however, 
too numerous to detail here. On the 10th of July, 
1703, the Duke of Marlbro' wrote to the Duke of 
Ormond, in regard to an officer of this name, " I give 
your Grace this trouble at the request of my old ac- 
quaintance Brigadier ^ Ofiarel ;' though &lling now 
under your Grace's government, I cannot but recom- 
mend him to your protection ; and pray that as he 
may have occasion to apply himself to your Grace, 
you will please to aflFord him your favourable counte- 
nance, as well on account of his own merit as for the 
sake of your Grace's, &. &c. MARLBRO'.f Diana, 
daughter of this Brigadier, married Francb, after- 
wards created Earl of Effingham, from which union 
this noble house has sprung. 

* Mac Kenzie's Siege of Derry, p. 17. 

t Murray's Marlborough Despatches, v. 1, p. 136. 


The notice of this Sept cannot be closed without 
expressing a regret, that the compiler has in vain 
sought the free inspection of a * Diary ' of the above 
Brigadier, where it is known to exist. 


In 1606, Edward Crofton had a grant from the Crown 
of several rectories, vicarages, priories, tithes, 
and lands in the Counties of Sligo and Roscommon. 
He is described in the patent as Edward, " son of 
John Crofton of Connaught" His grandson and 
namesake, Edward Crofton of Moate, was created a 
Baronet, and married Mary, daughter of the justly 
venerated Sir James Ware. The above Captain 
Henry Crofton was SheriflF of the County of Sligo in 
1687, and one of its Representatives in the Parlia- 
ment of 1689. He was attainted in 1691, and from 
him is lineally descended the present Sir Malby 
Crofton, Baronet, who represents the elder branch of 
this family in Ireland. Another Henry Crofton was 
Captain in the Earl of Clanricarde's Infantry, and 
seems to have been the Captain Henry adjudged 
within -the Articles of Limerick. The Attainders of 
1691, besides this Captain Henry, name John Crof- 
ton, described as of Ruppagh, County of Mayo. 



The Sept of Mac Coghlan was one of those eligible to 
the dignity of Kings of Leinster, and at a very 
remote period was possessed of Dealbhna Eathra, the 
present Baitony of Garrycastle in the King's County. 
The ruins'of seven castles in that County attest their 
former importance there. In 1134, say the Four 
Masters, died Aodh (Hugh), grandson of Loughlin 
Mac *Cochlan,' Lord of Dealbhna Eathra, as did 
Randall Mac Coghlan the Chief in 1187, and Mur- 
rough Mac Coghlan in 1199. In 1213, Melaghlin 
Mac Coghlan, * Prince of Dealbhna,' died on pilgrim- 
age at the Abbey of Eolbeggan. In 1386, Conor 
Mac Coghlan died the Chief. John Mac Coughlan 
was Bishop of Clonmacnoise in 1427. In 1520, died 
Turlough, son of Phelim Mac Coghlan, the Lord of 
Delvin, by whom the Castles of Feadan and Kincora 
were erected. . In the following year the Masters 
record a * dividing of Delvin, by the authority of Mel- 
aghlin and O'CarroU, between Ferdoragh, the son of 
the last Mac Coghlan, and his relative Cormac ;' and, 
on the death of this Ferdoragh in 1535, * Phelim, son 
of Meyler Mac Coghlan, took his place.' Cormac, the 
tanist of a moiety, died in the preceding year, and in 
his line the Chieftaincy appears to have been recog- 
nbed; at least, on the convening oif the Irish Septs 
in Perrot's Parliament, this was represented by John, 
son of Art, son of Cormac Mac Coghlan. In Decem- 
ber, 1641, the Marquis of Clanricarde accused the 


O'Mulloys, Coghlans, Geoghegans, &c., of passing out 
of the King's County and prejdng over that of 
Galway. In the following year, however, he made 
especial mention of Terence Coghlan, then proprietor 
of Kilcolgan in the fonner County, as * a person of 
great worth and ability,' — ' whom himself confidenti- 
ally employed ;' * a gentleman of very good parts 

and ability, and of a disposition and integrity suit- 
able thereto.' The Outlawries of 1642 include John 
Coghlan of Wicklow, Dennod Mac-Teigue Coghlan of 
Long Island, County of Cork ; and Donough Mac- 
Teigue O'Coghlan of do. In the Assembly of Confed- 
erate Catholics (1647), the Reverend Charles Cogh- 
lan was an active member ; he was Vicar-General of 
the Diocese of Leighlin ; while John and Terence 
Coghlan were of the Commons in that meeting. The 
latter individual appears identical with this Captain, 
who also sat in the Parliament of 1689 as Represent- 
ative for the Borough of Banagher. The Royal 
Declaration of gratitude, embodied in the Act of Set- 
tlement for * services beyond the seas,' includes Lieu- 
tenants Simon Coghlan and Francis Coghlan of Bel- 
clare ; while the Act of Explanation, three years 
afterwards, restored the latter, described as Francis 
Coghlan of Kilcolgan, King^s County, to his family 
mansion and 2,000 acres, with a saving for Dame 
Mary, widow of the above Terence, in lieu of her 

On this Army list, besides Captain Terence, John 
* Mc Coghlan ' was a Captain in Lord Galway's 


Infantry, and Cornelius Coghlan a Lieutenant. In 
Colonel Heward Oxburgh's, John Coghlan was a 

Captain, and Edmund Coghlan an Ensign. In 

King James's Parliament, Captain Terence and ano- 
ther Terence Coghlan, probably his son, represented 
Banagher ; and Joseph Coghlan was one of the Mem- 
bers for Trinity College, Dublin ; but, according to Dr. 
King, this latter having been a Protestant, would not 
sit out the Acts of Attainder there passed. The 
Attainders of 1691 include Captain Terence Coghlan, 
four others of the County of Cork, two of the King's 
County, one of the Queen's County, and one olf 
Limerick. Sundry claims were made at Chichester 
House as affecting their confiscations, and some were 

In 1704, a private Act was passed to prevent the 
disinheriting of Captain Garret Coghlan, and another 
in 1706 for the relief of Captain James Coghlan and 
Felix Coghlan, the surviving Protestant sons of John 
Coghlan, Esq., they having petitioned for such relief 
in regard to some defects in the Act of 1704. In 
1746, Quarter-Master Coghlan was one of the prison- 
ers taken on board the Bourbon by Commodore 

It is said that the last Representative of note of 
this ancient family was Thomas Mac Coghlan, who was 
on§ of the Members for Banagher in the Irish Parlia- 
ment, and died in 1790. In the year 1828, however, 
died in London Lieutenant-Colonel Edmond Cogh- 
lan, who had been Governor of Chester ; and his 

♦ Gent. Mag. vol. 16, p. 145. 


obituary states him to have been second son of the 
late Mr. James Coghlan of Cloghan in the King's 
County, by Miss Hearne of Hearnesbrook, County of 
Galway. The notice adds that a remnant of about 
£7,000 per ann. of the family property is now vested 
in the Honorable Frederic Ponsonby, to whom it 
came in the maternal line of inheritance. This Officer, 
(Lieutenant-Colonel Edmund) was buried in St. 
James's Church, his only son and his brother Colonel 
Andrew Coghlan being the chief mourners, and a 
number of the Members of the United Service Club 
attending the obsequies. In six years after, died at 
Brighton Lieutenant-General Roger jDoghlan, who 
commenced his career in the Connaught Rangers in 
1779 ; he accompanied that Regiment to Jamaica, and 
was afterwards in the 60th at Nova Scotia ; then in the 
66th, in the 134th, and the 82nd ; on which last oc- 
casion he obtained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 
1796, and in 1819 the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel. 


The tradition of the introduction of this family from 
France to Ireland, as preserved in the Office of Arms, 
records Walter D'Alton to have been its founder ; 
that he secretly married a daughter of Louis, King of 
France, and, having thereby incurred this Monarch's 
displeasure, fled to England, whence he passed with 
Henry the Second on the invasion of Ireland. He 

368 RING James's iRisn army list. 

early acquired possessions in the Western portion of 
Meath, where he and liis descendants founded religi- 
ous houses and erected castles. 

In 1328, the English forces, including the D'Altons 
(who from the time of their settling in Western Meath 
were the chief bidwark of the Pale in that direction), 
sustained a dreadful defeat near Mullingar ; when, 
according to the Four Masters, 3,500 of their army, 
'together with the D'Altons,' were slain. At the 
siege of Calais in 1346, under the gallant English 
King, Robert D'Alton was one of his Knights ; while 
in the Parliament of Westminster, in 1376, William 
D'Alton sat as one of the Representatives of the 
County of Cork.* The district, however, where the 
name was first planted, witnessed its extension so 
widely, that, when in the time of Henry the Eighth, 
(1545) the western portion of Meath was separated 
and erected into a distinct County by the title of 
Westmeath, a very large tract especially described as 
* the D'Alton's Country ' was, with that alias, consti- 
tuted the Barony of Rathconrath. . The D'Alton had 
previously ranked as a Palatine Baron thereof^ under 
an early grant of that dignity from Hugh De Lacy ; 
and he and his descendants adopted the fieur^e4i8 
on * their ' armorials, as in right of the daughter of 
Louis. Throughout the centuries of this their resi- 
dence in Ireland, they supported their rank and influ- 
ence by alliances not only with the noble native 
families, but likewise with the most illustrious of 
Anglo-Norman descent ; while in the progress of time 

* Leland's Ireland, y. 1, p. 89^ 2>%^* 


members of the House branched into the Counties of 
Kilkenny, Waterford, and Tipperary. 

A Funeral Entry in the Office of Arms, Dublin, 
records the death in July, 1 636, of John D'Alton of 
Dundonell, County of Westmeath, son and heir of 
Hubert D'Alton, eldest son of Henry D' Alton, eldest 
son of Edmund, eldest son of Henry, eldest son of 
John, (all of Dundonell) eldest son of Pierce D'Alton 
of Ballymore in said County, whose death, as son of 
an elder Pierce, is attributed to the plague of 1467. 
The first named John had married Elinor, daughter 
of Gerald Dillon of Portlick in said County, by-whom 
he had five sons ; 1st. Garret, married to Margaret 
Plunket of Loughcrew, County of Meath ; 2nd. Rich- 
ard ; 3rd. Robert ; 4th. James ;* 5th. Thomas, un- 
married. Said John, the defunct, was buried in 
Churchtown. None of this name appear on the Out- 
lawries of 1642, but many fell in the contests that 
immediately preceded, and estates were then forfeited 
in Westmeath by Oliver, Nicholas, Richard, Garret, 
Henry, Edmund, John, GeoflSry, Walter, Theobald, 
and James Dalton, respectively. In 1662, Lieute- 
nant Alexander D'Alton received the Royal thanks in 
the Act of Settlement. 

Besides this Myles, there are on the Army List 

* It may be permitted to remark that this James, the fourth 
son of John D'Alton of DundoneU, married Mary or Margaret 
Purdon, and was the great grandfather of the compiler of the 
present volume. This single entry therefore suggests a retro- 
spective pedigpree of eleven generations for one, who is now the 
on/y D'Alton inheriting a fee-simple estate in the old barony. 



Walter D'Alton, (who appears to have been of the 
family of Kildallon) a Lieutenant in the Royal Re- 
giment of Infantry. In Colonel Henry Dillon's, t^vo 
John D'Altons were Captains, Richard a Lieutenant, 
and a third John an Ensign. In Colonel John 
Grace's, Walter ' Daton ' and John D' Alton were 
Lieutenants ; and in Sir Michael Creagh's, Richard 
D'Alton wjis a Captain. One of these Officers, a 
Capttiin D'Alton, was taken prisoner at the siege of 
Athlone.* The Attainders of 1691 include the above 
Captain Myles ' of Grangebeg, County of Westmeath,' 
with seventeen othere of the name in Westmeath, 
three in Wexford, three in Kilkeimy, and one in 
Dublin. Of these outlaws, Christopher D'Alton of 
Miltown, Major John D'Alton of Doneele, and 
William his son, with Edward D'Alton' of Cleg, 
County of Wexford, were adjudged within the 
Articles. At the Court of Claims, James D'Alton, then 
a minor, by Walter Delamer, his guardian, claimed an 
estate in fee in lands forfeited by Garret D'Alton. 
Elizabeth D'Alton, widow, claimed dower off Doneele, 
forfeited by Major John D'Alton ; Richard and Mary 
D'Alton, minors, by Bryan Kelly their prochain ami^ 
claimed a mortgage affecting County of Roscommon 
estates, (including Lough-Glynn, &c.,) of Richard 
D'Alton ; John Adams claimed an estate in fee in the 

lands of Irishtown and Raheenquin forfeited by 

D'Alton ; but his jxitition was disallowed. 

In 1725, Thomas D'Alton was appointed Chief 
Baron of the Irish Exchequer, in five years after 

* Story's Impartial History, part 2, p. 108. 

gliffobd'8 dragoons. 371 

which he died. Captain * Daton' was one of those in 
Rothe's Regiment wounded in 1 747, at the battle of 
LauflBield, near Maestricht. Other members of the 
family were distinguished in the services of foreign 
states, and created Counts of the Holy Roman Em- 
pire ; as Count Richard D'Alton, the too memorable 
agent of the Emperor Joseph in the oppressions of 
Brabant ; and Major-General James D'Alton, Gover- 
nor of Gratz, from which he removed to Brussels. 
Christopher D' Alton of Grenanstown was Chamber- 
lain and Colonel of the Guards to His Electoral High- 
ness of Saxony, and died at Richmond near Dublin, 
in 1793.* Edward D'Alton brother of said Chris- 
topher, was Chamberlain and Major-General in the 
service of the Emperor of Austria. He was killed in 
the trenches at Dunkirk, when in 1793 that town 
was besieged by the Duke of York. 


He was attainted in 1691, as of Lea, Queen's 
County ; James Wyer of Kilbeggan was then also 


Tffls name does not otherwise occur in the Army 
List, or at all on the Attainders. 

Hib. V. 2, p. 820. 


372 KING James's irisu army list. 


Neither is this name re|)eated on the Army List, nor 
is it at all on the Attainders. Robert Burton was 
Constable of Castle Mac-Kinnegan, County of Wick- 
low, in 1309 ; soon after which William de Burton 
was one of the Remembrancers of the Irish Exchequer. 

A Lieutenant-Colonel ' Burston ' was the Irish 

Engineer when Bally more was besieged by de Ginckle; 
and on his death, he having been slain in the defence, 
the garrison surren<lered at discretion.* 


A NATIVE Sept of the O'Griffin is traceable in the An- 
nals of Ireland, while it would appear that the same 
name, without the Milesian prefix, came early from 
Pembrokeshire into this country. 

In 1199, Daniel O'Griffin died Abbot of the Abbey 
of Canons Regular of Roscommon. Matthew Fitz- 
Griffin was summoned hence in 1220 to the war in 
Britanny, and in 1257, say the Four Masters, Mac 
GriflBin, an illustrious Knight, was taken prisoner by 
O'Donnell's people. In 1375, O'Molroney O'Griffin, 
having made his submission to the English govern- 
ment as Captain of his Sept, he and his three brothers 
obtained liberty to use the English law ; about which 
time Matthew 'Mac Griffin' founded a Priory for 

♦ O'Callaghans Excid. Mac. p. 419. 


Canons Regular of St. Augustine at Tullylesk in the 
County of Cork, which was afterwards united to that 
of Kells (Kenlis) in the County of Kilkenny.* In 
1398, John GriflSn was appointed Bishop of Ossory, 
as was Michael Griffin to be Chief Baron of the Irish 
Exchequer in 1446. In 1601, DermodO"Griffien' was 
one of the Irish who fled to Spain after the result of 
the Munster war.f In 1643, Walter Griffin, de- 
cribed as of Hacketstown, County of Wicklow, was 

attainted. The name of this Quarter-Master does 

not appear upon the Attainders of 1691, but only 
Murtogh Griffin, described as 'of Dublin,' and George 
and Thomas Griffin of Knocksymon, County of West- 
meath ; while in Ulster, Hugo ' O'Gribbin' of Killeg- 
neen, Henry O'Gribbin of Glenbuck, and Richard 
O'Gribbin of Clogher, all in the County of Antrim, 
were outlawed. 

A Lord Griffin, it may be here observed, followed 
the fortunes of James the Second through all his 
wanderings ; and at the time of the Revolution main- 
tained personal fidelity to the unfortunate Exile. 
"He had been Lieutenant-General of that Regiment 
of his Guards, which bore the name of the Coldstream. 
Coming over from France in the Pretender's interest, 
he was captured in the Salisbury by Sir George 
Byng in 1708, and was tried and condemned to be 
beheaded ; but Queen Anne, well knowing the ad 
herence of the old Jacobite to her father, could not 

• ArchdaU's Mon. Hib. p. 80. 
t Pacata Hibcrnia. p. 426. 


KING James's irish army list. 

be prevailed upon to sign the death-warrant, and he 
was thus regularly respited every month, until his 
death in the Tower in 1710.'^ 


TRANT'S, formerly sir JAMES COTTER'S. 




The Colonel. 

Piers Power. 

Arthur Hide. 

Richard Bany. 

Stephen Galway. 

James Connell. 

David MoakelL 

Lieut. Colonel. 

Terence Carroll, 


John Taylor. 

John Kirwan. 

Dominick Lynch. 

Stephen Lawless. 

Edward Rice. 

John Lacy. 

WiUiam Bourke. 

Kenedy Me Kenedy. 

Peter Lavallen. 

Matthew Lavallen. 

Patrick Stanton. 

Patrick Stanton. 

Arthur Galway. 

Nicholas Barry. 

William Collins. 

John Fennell. 

Sir Thomas Croeby. Thomaa Lycett. 

John Winnetta. 

Charles Geoghegan. 

Robert Qoold. 

Edward ShewelL 

John Barry. 

George Moore. 

Teigue O'Lyne. 

Dermot Donworth. 

Jasper Grant. 

James Barry. 

Henry Wilse. 

Wniiam Baker. 

Henry Coppinger. 

James Coppinger. 

John Fitzgerald. 

Thomas Dynneen. 


The Officers who commanded this Regiment previous 
to Colonel Carroll were, Colonel Thomas Trant, of 

* Miss .Strickland'^ Queens of England, v. 12, p. 21-1. 


whom hereafter ; and Colonel Sir James Cotter, the 
lineal ancestor of Sir James Laurence Cotter of Rock- 
forest, County of Cork, Baronet. 

The chief notices of this ancient Irish Sept have 
been collected at ' Captain James Carroll,' of Lord 
Dongan's Dragoons. It but remains to observe, 
that the Colonel here brought forward was previous- 
ly Lieutenant-Colonel of that Lord's Dragoons. In 
the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum, 
are some papers which appear to have been rough 
drafts of King James's correspondence with the Irish 
Executive before the Revolution, and which the Rev. 
Mr. Rowan of Belmont, County of Kerry, conjectures 
to have been Sunderland's papers. One of these, 
(without date) directed to the Lords Justices, the 
Right Reverend Father, &c. &c. runs thus : — "Where- 
as we thought fit by our instructions to you, bearing 
date the 27th of March last, to direct you to cause 
the oaths of allegiance and supremacy to be adminis- 
tered to all oflBicers and soldiers of our army there, 
and to all Governors of Towns, Forts, Castles ; and to 
cashier and dismiss our service such of them as shall 
reftise the said oaths or either of them ; and whereas 
we have been pleased to withhold Richard Talbot, 
Colonel of a Regiment of Horse ; Col. Justin Macar- 
tie, Colonel of a Regiment of Foot ; Rene Carney and 
Dominick Sheldon, Captains to the Duke of Ormonde; 
Anthony Hamilton, Lieutenant-Colonel to Sir Thomas 
Newcomen's Regiment of Foot ; William Dorrington, 
M^jor to Colonel Fairfax ; Patrick Lawless, Major 


to Colonel Macartie ; * and Francis Carroll^ Captain 
to said Colonel's Company ; all in our army, to dis- 
pense as we do hereby disjiense accordingly with their 
taking the said oaths or either of them : our will and 
pleasure is, and we do by these presents charge and 
require you to give effectual orders from time to time 
for mustering the said officers, notwithstanding their 
not having taken the said oaths or either of them." 
"On thellth of April, 1691," says Story, ",ColonelMac 
Fineen's, Colonel Mac Carty's, and two morejRegiments, 
making in all about 1,500 men, commanded by Brig- 
adier Carroll, came to Iniskean with a design to have 
that place and some other small garrisons near it, as 
steps to further advance upon our frontiers ;"f but 
the assailants were driven off by Colonel Ogleby. In 
the following month. Brigadier Francis Carroll was 
stationed at Ross, and acting as Governor* and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of His Majesty's army in the Counties 
of Kerry and Cork. (See post^ at Colonel * Daniel 
O'Donovan.') A Colonel Carroll was taken pri- 
soner at Aughrim, while, in the August following, 
after De Ginkle with his army had passed the Shan- 
non, Anthony Carroll, (surnamed Fada^ the tall), a 
gentleman of Tipperary who possessed much influence 
vrith the Rapparees, and who could, according to 
Story, bring together to the number of at least 2,000 
men, was Governor of Nenagh, a position which he 
continued to hold during the autumn and vrinter of 

♦ See his death in 168G, ante^ p. 205. 
t Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 65. 

cakboll's dragoons. 377 

1690, and the spring and summer of 1691, making 
frequent hostile excursions through the County. On 
the 2nd of August in that year he set fire to the 
town, in opposition to the movements of Brigadier 
Levison, who was making with his party to Limerick; 
but the fire was soon put out by some prisoners of the 
Williamites who were in the town. The Diary here 
cited,* adds that " Brigadier Levison with his Horse 
and Dragoons pursued Carroll and his party so closely 
and so far, that within four miles of Limerick he took 
all their baggage ; amongst which were two rich 
coats of long Anthony Carroll's, one valued at eighty 
pounds, the other at forty guineas, and about forty 
pistoles in gold ; as also 450 head of black cattle and 
some sheep, which the enemy's sudden flight would 
not suffer them to carry off." 

Amongst those attainted in 1691 were Eugene 
Carroll, Queen's County ; the above Francis Carroll, 
styled of Dublin ; Keene Carroll of Aughgurty, King's 
County ; John Mulroney Carroll, of Do. John Carroll 
of Cappoquin (he is buried in the churchyard of Dun- 
kerron, near Roscrea); Patrick Carroll of Aherna, 
County of Wicklow ; and John Carroll of Ballindoon, 
County of Sligo. 

This Colonel Franois was, on the formation of the 
Irish Brigades in France, constituted Colonel of the 
* Queen's Dismounted Dragoons,' at the head of 
which he fell in the battle of Marsaglia in Italy, in 
October, 1693.t 

♦ Harleian MSS. vol. 7, p. 480. 

t O'Callaghan's Brigades, vol. 1, p. 81. 

378 KING James's irish army list. 


After this List was drawn up, Thomas Carroll was 
appointed first Lieutenant-Colonel and Francis Bois- 
meral, second. 


The escallops in the armorials of this family afford 
heraldic evidence of their achievements in the Holy 
Land. Tliey passed at a very early period from France 
into England, where they are traced in the records of 
the Southern and Midland Counties. In the reign of 
Henry the Third, Edward Taylor of Beverley in 
Yorkshire was Chief Falconer to liis Sovereign, and 
his second son, Nicholas, having passed into Ireland 
in 1273, became the founder of the Taylors of 
Swords. The lineal descendant and heir male, Alex- 
ander Taylor, by his marriage with Agnes, daughter 
of William Swinnock, acquired the inheritance of 
Swords, and built a mansion house within that town. 
His descendant Richard Taylor was in 1543 joined 
in a Commission, to try and decide what temporal 
and spiritual possessions within the County of Dublin 
became vested in the Crown by the dissolution of 
monasteries. George Taylor of this line was after- 
wards Recorder of Dublin, its Rcpresentiitivc in Sir 
John Perrot's Parliament of 1585, and its Sheriff in 

Carroll's dragoons. ' 379 

In the Parliament of 1639, John, heir of Michael 
Taylor of Swords, was Member for that Borough. He 
married Mary, daughter of John Fagan of Feltrim, by 
whom he had John Taylor his heir, whose privations 
and sufferings in resisting a transplantation into 
Connaught up to the time of the Restoration, when 
he obtained a decree confirmatory of his old estate at 
Swords, are fiilly detailed in a Manuscript preserved 
by the family. He died in 1680, and the above 
Captain John was his second son, but became his heir 
on the death of his elder brother Michael, in 1684, 
without issue. He was one of the Burgesses in the 
new Charter granted by King James to his town, and 

married jirst^ Alice, daughter of Browne of 

Clongowes Wood, (by whom he had one daughter) ; 
and second^ Helen, daughter of Richard Fagan of 
Feltrim, by whom he had, with several other children, 
John his heir, whose grandson, James Joseph Taylor, 
now represents this ancient family in the seventeenth 
generation from the falconer of Beverley. His 
sister, Jane-Elizabeth, who married Josiah Forster, 
formerly of St. Croix in the West Indies, died a few 
years since, leaving James Fitz-Eustace Forster their 
only issue.* This name of Fitz-Eustace was intro- 
duced into the family through the grandmother of 

Mrs. Forster, Anne Fitz-Eustace, daughter of 

Fitz-Eustace, of Cradockstown, County of Kildare, by 
a daughter of Patrick Sutton of Morristown-Lattin in 
the same County. John, Thomas and Robert Taylor, 

♦ D'Altons ffistory of the County of Dublin, p. 295, &c. 


all of Swords, were attainted in 1642 ; the above 
Captain John was the only one of this name outlawed 
in 1691. 


Besides this Captain Peter, Patrick * Lavallin ' was 
an Ensign in Lord Mountcashel's Infantry. In the 
Attainders of 1691 the former was described as of 
Waterstown, County of Cork ; the latter of Rohara, 
in said County ; where were then also outlawed 
Matthew Levallin of Great Island ; Thomas Levallin 
of Moyallow and of Cork, merchant ; and Janette 
Levallin of Dublin, spinster. At the Court of 
Claims, James Levallin claimed a remainder in special 
tail male, expectant on the death of Melchior Levallin 
his father, in County of Cork lands forfeited by the 
above Peter Levallin and Jane his wife ; while Mel- 
chior himself at the same time claimed an estate tail 
in part, and an estate for life in the remainder of 
said lands. Digby Foulke claimed and was al- 
lowed an interest in Cork lands forfeited by Jane 
Levallin, daughter of Patrick ' Lavallin,' as did the 
aforesaid Melchior a mortgage affecting said last 
mentioned forfeitures, with similar adjudication in his 



From a period early in the fourteenth century this 
name is found on the records of the Counties of 
Waterford and Cork. In 1229, Alan de ' Galweye/ 

and Galwaye had military summons directed to 

them for services in the war in Britanny. In 

1605, the King granted to Dominick Sarsfield the 
wardship of Walter Galway, son and heir of John 
Galway, late of Cork, deceased, for the yearly sum of 
£5 9s. 8d. Irish, and the payment of all rents and 
other rights due to the Crown, the said Dominick re- 
taining thereout the usual allowances for maintenance 
and education of the minor. A funeral entry of 
1636, in the Ulster Office of Arms, records the death 
in March of this year at Kinsale of Sir Jefl&^y 
Galway, a Limerick Baronet, eldest son of Alderman 
James Galway of Limerick, eldest son of Jeffrey 
Galway of Kinsale ; where he was interred in the 
monument of his ancestors. Of this first named Sir 
Jeffrey, it is said in the Pacata Hibemia* that " he 
had spent many years in England in studying the 
common laws, and, returning into Ireland about the 
year 1597, did so pervert the City of Limerick of 
which he was one time Mayor, that by his malicious 
counsel and 'perjurious' example he withdrew the 
Mayor, Aldermen, and generally the whole City from 
coming to the Church, which before they had some- 

♦ P. 196, &c. Christie's edition. 


times frequented." The | same work alleges instances 
of his contumacy and disobedience to military power. 
The Attainders of 1642 present the names of a Sir 
Jeflfrey Galway, Baronet, described as of Typananbeg ; 
with those of John Fitz-Christopher Galway and 
William David Galway of Blarney^ County of Cork. 

On the present Army List, Walter Galway appears, 
also a Captain, in Lord Kilmallock's Infantry. In 
the Parliament of 1689, John Galway sat as one of 
the Representatives of the City of Cork. Of those at- 
tainted in 1691 were the above Captain Arthur 
Galway, described as of Ballycoghane, County of 
Cork ; with ten others of the name in that County. 
The estates of this Arthur Galway in the City of 
Cork were sold by the Trustees of the Forfeitures to 
Daniel Gibbs, and Edward Bennett of Cork, mer- 
chant, and another portion to George Baghtye of 
Cork, cutler ; as were other his estates in the 
Liberties of Cork to Edward Webber, William Wake- 
ham of Barry's Court, Abraham Dixon, and Humph- 
rey Sheaves of Cork severally ; as also to the Hollow 
Swords' Blades Company and to Thomas Hodder of 
Ballyea. The estates of the other oflScer, Walter 
Galway, in West Carbury, County of Cork, were then 
sold to Hugh Hutchinson of Black Rock in said 

Carroll's dragoons. 383 



John Crosby succeeded to the Sees of Ardfert and 
Aghadoe, by the Queen's provision, in 1600. Of those 
attainted in 1642 were Sir John Crosby of Waters- 
town, County of Kildare, and Walter Crosby of Gort- 
maskohe. This Sir John was the grandson of Patrick 
Crosby, to whom Queen Elizabeth granted a noble 
estate in the Queen s County, in reward for his ser- 
vices towards ' exterminating ' the O'Mores of Leix. 
Part of the lands thereby granted, viz. Ballyfin, the 
demesne of the Chief of that Sept, was, on Sir John's 
confiscation, granted to Periam Pole, brother of Sir 
John Pole of Shute in Devonshire. The above 
Captain Sir Thomas is described in the Inquisition of 
his Attainder, as " of Tralee, Knight." In the Parlia- 
ment of 1689 he sat as one of the Representatives of 

the County of Kerry. Those attainted with him 

were David Crosby of Ardfert, and Maurice Crosby 
of Knockmar, Queen's County. 


This name does not appear again in the Army List, 
nor at all on the Attainders. 



This illustrious name occurs in the earliest records of 
Ireland, and in especial association with the County 
of Cork, where the Barry was raised with grants of 
large possessions, and a succession of titles in the 
Peerage, from Baron Barry to Viscount Buttevant 
and Earl of Barrymore. Of the Irish magnates who 
in 1302 attended Edward the First in his campaign 
against the Scots, were William de Barry, Odo (Hugh) 
de Barry, David de Barry of Rathcormack, Philip de 
Barry of Rincorran, William Fitz-Phillip Barry, and 
William Fitz-William Barry.* In 1507, say the 
Four Masters, " The Barry Roe of Cork, i.e. James, 
the son of James, accompanied by the Chiefs of his 
people, proceeded on a pilgrimage to Spain, and, after 
having performed the pilgrimage, they got on board 
of a ship to return, and no tidings of their being liv- 
ing or dead was ever received.'' The same Annalists, 
at 1580, furnish an interesting genealogical notice of 
this noble family. " Barry More, i.e. James, the son 
of Richard, son of Thomas, son of Edward, who was 
imprisoned in Dublin, died. That James was of the 
real genealogical stock of Barry Roe ; and he was a 
man who suffered, in the early part of his life, much 
trouble and affliction, and he had no hope or expecta- 
tion of ever obtaining the title of Barry Roe ; but, 
however, God granted him the Captainship of Barry 
Maol and also of Barry Roe ; (Barry Maol or the 

* Rymer's Fcedera, ad arm. 


hold Bany, and also Barry Ruadh or red Barry, were 
native designations borne by two branches of this 
family) ; and not these alone, for he was nominated 
Chief of Banymore, after the destruction of those 
whose rightfal inheritance it was to possess that title 
till then. His son David Barry was afterwards nomi- 
nated the Barry by the Earl of Desmond, and 
another son of his was according to law Lord of 
Barry Roe.'' 

In 1641 "Philip Barry Oge, (styled of Rincorran) 
was amongst the earliest who took up arms against 
the English ; and, being master of the camp of Bell- 
gorley, he, James Mellifont, and his son went to a 
neck of land between the harbour and oyster-haven of 
Kinsale, collected all the cattle, horses, cows, &c., be- 
longing to the inhabitants of Kinsale, took them to 
the camp, and divided them amongst their troopers. 
His lands were, by an ordinance of 4th August, 
1648, given in custodiam to Captain William Parsons, 
in satisfaction of £1113 due to him by the Common- 
wealth authorities. Captain Parsons dying in 1652, 
Robert Southwell was in 1655 put into the custodiam 
of these lands,*for the benefit of the Captain's children. 
In 1658, however, he induced the heir to relinquish 
his original title to these lands, and to accept them 
back on a lease only, and subjected to a rent of £100 
per ann. which Southwell, under pretence of serving 
the other children, promised to pay to them. The 
Restoration followed in May, 1660, and, in the 
ensuing August, Southwell obtained a grant of the 


386 KING James's irisii army list. 

lands as in lieu of £700 worth of sea-beer supplied by 
him in 1648 for Prince Rupert's shipping, and by 
charging interest at six per cent extended the debt to 
£1300. Meantime, in 1648, Philip Barry Oge, who 
had been so expelled from his inheritance, complying 
with the articles of peace of that year, retired to 
Flanders, where he served King Charles till his death 
in 1656. He had married Juliana, daughter of Sir 
Dominick Sarsfield, Viscount Kilmallock, by whom 
he had a son, William Barry Oge, who endeavoured 
after the Restoration to subvert the grant to South- 
well, in which suit he was joined by the heir of the 
Mellifonts, whose adjoining estate Southwell had ob- 
tained at an undervaluation ; but Southwell was 
secure in the influence of the Court party, and Wil- 
liam Barry Oge, forsaken and friendless, had the 
mortification to see "the soil, which was his birthplace, 
confirmed by patent of 1666 to his opponent The 
heir of the Mellifonts, also, who had fallen irretriev- 
ably into poverty, was reduced to petition the South- 
wells' further interest to procure for him a tide-waiter- 
ship, or other subordinate oflice in the Custom House 
of Dublin."* 

Besides Philip Barry Oge of Rhyncorran, there 
were attainted in 1642 Redmond and Gerald Barry 
of Lisgrifiin, and eleven others of the name in the 
County of Cork. The above Grerald was one of the 
Confederate Catholics at the Assembly of 1647 in 
Kilkenny. The Declaration of Royal gratitude, 

♦ Thorpe's Cat. Southwell MSS., p. 193. 

Carroll's dragoons. 387 

embodied in 'the Act of Settlement/ includes the 
names of Captain Philip Barry of Dunbogy, Captain 
William Barry of Rhincorran, and Lieutenant Robert 
Barry of Robertstown, all in the County of Cork. 

Besides this John Barry a Captain, Nicholas and 
James Barry Lieutenants, and Richard Barry a 
Quarter-Master in this present Regiment, Philip 
Barry Oge was a Captain in Lord Mountcashel's 
Infantry ; (he appears to have been the grandson of 
Philip Barry Oge of Rhyncorran, who married the 
Honourable Margaret de Courcy, aunt by the father's 
side of Almeric Lord Kinsale, hereafter alluded to) ;* 
and nineteen others of the name were commissioned 
on this List. In Bang James's Parliament of 1689, 
James Barry was one of the Representatives for the 
Borough of Rathcormack, while the Attainders there 

attempted to be passed included Barry, Earl of 

Barrymore ; Richard Barry, the second Baron of 
Santry ; Laurence Barry, Lord Buttevant ; and 
Richard Barry, Gentleman. The Inquisitions of 
1691 record the effective attainders of the above 
Captain, described as John Barry of Shanagrane, 
Walshestownmore, and Derrylone, with sixteen others 
of the name in the County of Cork ; on whose estates 
sundry claims were made at Chichester House, and 
some allowed. 

♦ Nichols's Top*, and Gen*, p. 647. 

CC 2 



This family wiis from a very remote period settled in 
the County of Kilkenny, where so early as in 1346 
WOliam le Graunt is reported a landed proprietor. 
Captain Jasper was, however, of the County of Cork, 
and had estates therein at Kilmurry, as likewise at 
Grantstown in the County of Waterford. Gillian 
Grant, his widow, claimed in 1700 and was allowed 
an estate for her life thereoff ; and for her son, another 
Jasper Grant a minor, she claimed an estate tail in 
said lands. Annabella Grant sought jointure off 
certain Cork Estates under Settlement of 1681, but 

her petition was dismist. Walter Grant, described 

as of Curlody, in the County of Kilkenny, was 
attainted at the same time. 

In 1 747, Captain Matthew Grant, of Clare's Eegi- 
ment of Brigade, was killed at Lauffield village, near 


This is one of the few families of Danish extraction 
yet existing in Ireland. Its first settlement was in 
the County of Cork, where it still continues. In 
1535, William Copinger, Mayor of Cork, had a 
grant of the King's Castle there to him and his future 
successors in the Mayoralty. In the first Parliament 

♦ Gent. Mag. ad ann, p. 377. 

lif ^^ 




of Queen Elizabeth, Stephen Copinger was one of the 
Representatives for that City. When, early in the 
reign of James the First, the East India Company of 
England meditated a settlement in Munster, for 
carrying on iron works and building large ships, they 
purchased for this speculation woods and lands in the 
Barony of Kinalea and Kerry currihy, erected a dock, 
and actually launched two ships. " Yet were they," 
says Smith,* "so disturbed in their undertaking by 
Walter Copinger and others of the Irishry, that they 
were forced to quit the country, and abandon the pro- 
ject. Nevertheless, soon afterwards, Walter Copinger 
had a grant of a castle, with various lands, chiefrents, 
and customs, the lands being erected into two manors, 
that of Cloghanmore with liberty to impark 1,000 
acres, and Eilfinane with like liberty for 600 acres. 

Of this name were attainted, in 1642, Stephen 
Copinger of Grange, Thomas Fitz- Walter Copinger of 
Manances, and Richard and Walter of Ringroan, all 
in the County of Cork. A James Copinger of Clogh- 
ane in said County was likewise outlawed ; and it 
was in reference to him and his sequestered estates 
that the Earl of Anglesey, when in power, wrote to 
the Sheriff of Cork in a tone of tenderness and com- 
miseration creditable to his memory : — " Mr. Sheriff, 
whereas Mr. James Copinger, upon his claim before 
his Majesty's Commissioners for putting in execution 
the Act of Settlement, hath been declared innocent 
and to be restored to his lands, and hath obtained a 

• Hint, of Cork, vol. 1, p. 219. 


decree pursuant thereunto ; and whereas part of the 
land is in my possession, I desire, when the decree 
comes to your hands to be executed, that you will^ 
notwithstanding any interest I have in the said lands, 
see the same put in execution for so much as I am 

concerned in/'* An Ensign John Copinger was 

on the List of officers recommended for early prefer- 
ment in Lord Tyrconnel's orders of 1686 to Colonel 
Russel ;t he does not, however, appear on this. 

In April, 1691, a Captain Copinger was killed in a 
skirmish with a party of Captain Clayton's Iiifantry.J 
The Attainders of this year include the names of 
Thomas Copinger of Killentine, with ten others of 
that name in the County of Cork, and Henry, Mat- 
thew, and William Copinger of the City^ merchants. 
This latter individual was the Catholic Sheriff of 
Cork in King James's time, and fled .with his Royal 
Master to France, where on his death Louis the Four- 
teenth assigned a foreigner's pension for his widow. 
The above Captain Henry of this Regiment was his 
brother, as was also Edward, the Captain who was 
killed as above in April, 1691. From a family pedi- 
gree furnished to the compiler of these notices, it ap- 
pears that the above Thomas Copinger of Edllentine 
was an elder brother of the tliree last mentioned, that 
he married Helen Galway of Lota, and was the lineal 
ancestor of the present William Copinger of Bally vo- 

♦ Thorpe's Cat. Southw. MSS., p. 186. 

t Smith's Cork, vol. 1, p. 459. 

I Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 70. 

Carroll's dragoons. 391 

lane and Banyscourt, in the County of Cork. At the 
Court of Claims, Stephen Copinger, as son and heir of 
said Thomas, claimed a remainder in tail in his 
estates under marriage settlements of 1676 ; as did 
John and Edward Copinger similar remainders under 
the same deed. These claims were allowed to the ex- 
tent of the lands comprised in that settlement, which 
were very considerable. Such property as said 
Thomas Copinger had in the City of Cork was sold 
by the Commissioners to Charles Farringdon, as were 
such of his unsettled estates as lay in the County and 
within the Liberties of the City, to Helen Gklway and 
Abraham Dixon, of Cork ; while those of the above 
Walter, and James his son, were similarly conveyed 
to Edmund Boch of Trabolgan. 

From the above Captain Henry Coppinger are de- 
scended, in the male line. General Joseph Coppinger, 
now in the Spanish service ; and Francis Coppinger 
of Monkstown Castle, County of Dublin ; as are, in 
the female line, Christopher Coppinger, Chairman of 
the County of Kildare ; and the O'Briens of Kilcor, 
near Castle Lyons, County of Cork. 


This great name occurs in the first Roll of the 
!l^atents of Ireland, the King thereby granting to 
Hugh de Lacy the whole Province of Meath, thereto- 
fore the mensal estate of the native Monarchs of Ire- 


land ; to hold the same with as fiill and ample powers 
as Hugh O'Melaghlin, then yet styled King of Meath 
had held the same, and this conveyance is especially 
witnessed amongst others by Earl Strongbow, whose 
recognition, as husband of the heiress of King Der- 
mott Mac Murrough, Henry was perhaps then not 
unwilling in policy to obtain.* De Lacy in this 
grant had the powers of a Lord Palatine conferred 
upon him, and early after he sought to arrange a 
peaceful treaty with Roderic O'Conor, the King of Ire- 
land, as acknowledged by the natives. They met on 
the banks of the Shannon, but De Lacy's terms were 
then considered too severe to be accepted by Roderic. 
The former, however, received his daughter in mar- 
riage as his second wife, whereby he incurred the 
Royal jealousy, and was recalled from the Viceroyalty 
which he then filled. His powers as a Palatine ex- 
tended to the erection of boroughs, one of which, on 
the northern border of the Pale, was Drogheda ; and 
he yet more practically endeavoured to secure the 
English interest, and to extend the circuit of that 
Pale, by fortifying castles in advance into the island. 
The Four Masters jealously say of his government, 
that "he confiscated and transferred many churches to 
the English Lords in Meath, Brefney, and Oriel, and 
to him the rents of Connaught were paid." He was 
assassinated in 1186, while inspecting a castle which 
had just been erected by his order at Durrow, in the 
Kings County. His sons were Hugh and Walter ; 

♦ D'Alton's Drogheda, v. 2, p. 40. 

Carroll's dragoons. 393 

the former, after sharp contests with De Courcy, 
became Lord of Ulster ; and dying in 1241, his 
daughter and heiress married William de Burgo, who 
died in 1244. Their daughter and heiress married 
Lionel, Duke of Clarence, third son of King Edward 
the Third, and she was grandmother of Edward the 
Fourth, in whose right the title and estates vested in 
the Crown. To the failure of the De Lacys' issue 
male. Baron Finglas in his * Breviate' mainly attri- 
butes the origin of absenteeism in this country ; and 
it is a remarkable concurrence in the destinies of Ire- 
land, that the male line of Earl Strongbow also failed, 
and similar marriages of his female issue into English 
families, scattered his immense territory amongst 
powerful but ever absent proprietors. 

In 1314, Walter and another Hugh de Lacy were 
of the Irish Magnates, who attended King Edward on 
his expedition against Scotland. They appear to 
have descended from Hugh de Lacy's second marriage 
with the daughter of Roderic O'Conor. In Mount- 
joy's engagement against the Earl of Tyrone, fell 
Pierce Lacy of BrufF, County of Limerick, " a zeal- 
ous Catholic and one of the most alert of the Munster 
Chieftains.''* In 1604, and 1608, King James 
the First granted to his favourite Sir James Fullerton 
the castle and. lands of BruflF (inter alia) as "late 
in the tenure of Piers Lacie attainted, with all other 
his estate belonging to him at his death in rebellion." 
The name does not appear on the Attainders of 1642, 

♦ Stuart's Armagh, p. 296. 

394 KING James's irish army list. 

although there were at that time three branches of the 
family settled in the County of Limerick alone, at 
Bruree, Bruff, and Ballingarry.* 

John Lacy of the House of Bruflf was the only in- 
dividual of the name who attended the Supreme 
Council of Kilkenny in 1647 ; he was placed in the 
rank of Colonel on the Restoration ; and, on the 
raising of the army for King James, was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel in Colonel Charles Cavanagh's 
Infantry, as noted hereafter ; but, as his name did not 
appear on the present Army List, the notices of *de 
Lacy' could not be referred to him. He resided at 
Kilmallock, and was Deputy Grovemor of Limerick 
under Lord Blessington in 1 685-6 ; at which time the 
Viceroy, the Earl of Clarendon, wrote of him to the 
Earl of Sunderland : — "Here is a Colonel Lacy, an old 
Cavalier, who hopes the King will, when he has an 
opportunity, put him into employment. I am sure 
he desires it. He was an officer in the time of King 
Charles the First, and I believe His Majesty remem- 
bers him with himself in France and Flanders, where 
he served very bravely. This poor gentleman was 
settled here in a very comfortable way, when in Gates' 
* reign' he was sent into England, and kept prisoner 
in the Gatehouse about two years, besides other 
severities both to his person and his estate. I take 
the liberty to recommend his enclosed petition to 
your Lordship.^f Clarendon at the same time wrote 

• Ferrar's Limerick, p. 346. 

t Singer's Correspondence of Clarendon, v. 1, p. 207. 

cakroll's dragoons. 395 

a special letter in Lacy's favour to the King, grace- 
fully adding, " I beg your Majesty's pardon for say- 
ing thus much in a particular man's case, which I 
will never do, but when the person's eminent loyalty 
and services will justify me."* Subsequently, al- 
luding to growing apprehensions that a restoration of 
their lands would be sought by many from the new 
King, and that some who had been made officers 
encouraged the apprehension, the Viceroy says, " all 
this would be very easily remedied, and the King 
have all done he has mind to, if men would be dis- 
creet in their states as several are ; amongst whom 
ought to be remembered Sir John Fitzgerald, both 
the Dempsys, Colonel Sheldon, Lacy, and many more 
who have moulded their troops and companies to 
their mind, ydthout the least dissatisfaction to any 
one. They are beloved in their quarters, they cherish 
and comfort the people, and punish those who talk 
impertinently. But there are likewise several of 
whom I cannot give so good characters ; and those 
who ought to reprove them for indiscretion will only 
say, 'Alas! poor man, he has lost his estate ; you 
must give him leave to talk.' I have taken the 
liberty to entertain your Lordship with these stories, 
that you may see something of the temper of persons 
as well as things ; and to show you that it is not so 
much the King's employing Roman Catholics in his 
army which disquiets men, as that there are duch from 
whom, by their own words and actions, they fear to 

* Singer s Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 1, p. 208. 


be oppressed instead of being protected. Believe it, 
my Lord, when it is known what the King would 
have, and which, with submission (in some cases) 
ought to be known but to a few, it may be easily 
done to general satisfaction ; for I must needs say, 
never were people in the world more disposed to 
obedience, and to betake themselves to their industry, 
than the generality of people here, if they are let alone."* 
In 1689, this Colonel John Lacy was one of the Repre- 
sentatives of Kilmallock in the Parliament of Dublin. 
At the second siege of Limerick, when the William- 
ites had succeeded in throwing a bridge over the 
Shannon at Thomond Gate, (as before mentioned, p. 
71) Colonel Lacy, with 800 picked men, was ordered 
out to contest their advance, which he did with great 
valour and good success for a time, till, overpowered 
by a continual supply of fresh opponents, .he was 
forced to give way and retire to the gate ; which the 
mayor of the City, however, apprehending the English 
might enter with them, imprudently closed, whereby 
the greater number of Lacy's gallant band was cut 

The subsequent Attainders of 1691 include the 
names of this Colonel, stiled "of Kilmallock;" Simon 
Lacy of Ferns, County of Wexford ; and Thomas and 
Walter Lacy of Balrath, County of Westmeath. This 
Thomas Lacy forfeited also largely in the Barony and 
County of Roscommon, and very many claims were 
preferred at Chichester House as affecting his confis- 

* Singers Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 1, p. 466. 


cations, the greater portion of which was sold in 1703 
by the Commissioners to Samuel Massy of Dublin, 

Various gallant officers of this name appear on the 
records of continental military achievement, the 
career of one of whom powerfully connects with pass- 

ing events, ^the Count Peter de Lasci; whom 

an autobiography preserved by his descendant Mrs. 
de Lacy Nash states to have been bom in the County 
of Limerick in 1678 ; that his father was Peter, son 
of John Lacy of Ballingarry ; that on the capitula- 
tion of Limerick he was brought oflf by his uncle John 
(who appears to have been the above Colonel), who 
had the rank of Quarter-master General and Brigadier 
in France, and was Colonel of the Prince of Wales's 
Infantry Eegiment, on which this youth was at once 
enrolled ; that he marched with it to Piedmont in 
1692, joined Catinat in May, 1693, and in the 
October of that year was at the battle of the ' Val de 
Marseilles,' in which his uncle, said John, received a 
mortal wound. The Regiment having been disband- 
ed on the peace of Ryswick, this young officer volun- 
teered in the Polish service under Marshal Due de 
Croy, in the rank of Lieutenant. The Due presented 
him to Peter the Great, who was then in alliance with 
Poland, and the Czar took him into his own service, 
in which he obtained a majority in 1705, and a 
Lieutenant-Colonelcy in the following year. In 
1708, he was promoted to the command of the Sibe- 
rian Regiment of Infantry, and joined the Grand 


Army. On the first of January, 1709, he commanded 
the right wing and acted as a Brigadier at the great 
Battle of Pultowa, where he was wounded. In 
1710, he distinguished himself in the attack on Riga, 
and in the following year was made Major-General. 
His various movements are in the manuscript set 
down by the year, until in 1737 he was appointed to 
command an expedition into the Crimea. Crossing 
an arm of the sea (he writes) near Arabat^ we 
marched and took Ferekop^ and blew up the fortifi- 
cations. He died in Livonia in 1751, Governor of 
that Province. This was the general who, according to 
Ferrar,* ^^^ taught the Russians to beat the army of the 
King of Sweden^ and to become from the worst some 
of tlie best soldiers of Europe. Before the battle of 
Pultowa he advised the Czar to send orders that every 
soldier should reserve his fire until he came within a 
few yards of the enemy ; in consequence of which 
Charles the Twelfth was there totally defeated, losing 
in that single action the advantages of nine campaigns 
of glory, and narrowly escaping being taken prisoner.'' 
The son of this Count Peter was Joseph-Francis- 
Maurice, Count de Lasci, bom in 1725 at St. Peters- 
burgh, and educated at Vienna. He made his first 
campaign in the Austrian army in Italy during the 
year 1744, where he had three horses shot under him 
at the battle of Velletri. At the siege of Maestricht 
in 1748, he received the rank of Colonel. He dis- 
tinguished himself against Prussia in the seven years' 

* Hist, of Limerick, p. 347. 


war, in 1762 received the baton of Marshal from 
the Emperor's own hand, and in the same year served 
with considerable eclat in the war between Austria 
and Prussia. In 1801, he died at Vienna, where the 
Emperor Joseph the Second, to whom he left all his 
property, caused a bust to be erected to his memory 
in the hall of the Chancery of the Council of War. 
Of this latter Marshal, Wraxall writes,* in 1778, 
"Marshal Lacy is now approaching his sixtieth year ; 
when young, he must have been very handsome. 
Though he has been six times wounded by musket 
balls, he enjoys perfect health, and preserves a youth- 
ful appearance. He was bom in Eussia, son of the 
famous Marshal Lacy, who in conjunction with 
Munich commanded the Muscovite armies against the 
Turks, and obtained so many victories over them in 
the last years of the Empress Anne. It was in that 
great school he learned the art of war. I have heard 
him say that his father sent him to study at Legnitz 
in Silesia, and afterwards at Vienna. In 1740, 
about the time of Maria Theresa's accession, he en- 
tered the Austrian service as an Ensign in the Kegi- 
ment of Count (afterwards Marshal) Brown, who was 
killed at the battle of Prague. Having distinguished 
himself by a thousand acts of personal courage, ac- 
tivity, and ability, he rose so rapidly that at the 
commencement of the war of 1756 he was already a 
Colonel, and soon became a Major-General. 

Another General Maurice de Lacy, born in 

* Memoirs of the Court of Berlin, vol. 1, p. 173. 

400 KING James's irish army list. 

Limerick in 1740, was invited to Kussia by his rela- 
tive, the aforesaid Marshal Peter, and entered that 
service when but ten years old. He served under 
Suwarrow in the Italian campaign of 1799, in cam- 
paigns against the Turks, and also in the Crimea. 

He died in 1820, unmarried. Of Lacys in Spain, 

Francis Anthony Lacy, Count de Lacy, was a famous 
General and Diplomatist ; born in 1731, commenced 
his military career as an Ensign in the Irish Brigade 
of Ultonia Infantry, was raised to be a Colonel in 
1762, and a Commander of Artillery in 1780, when 
he was employed at the celebrated siege of Gibraltar. 
After the peace of Utrecht in 1783, he was consti- 
tuted Minister Plenipotentiary in Sweden and Eussia, 
and died at Barcelona in 1792. He had married a 
daughter of the Marquis d'Abbeville, by whom he 
left a son, Captain-General of Artillery to his Most 
Catholic Majesty ; and a daughter, who married 
" the Marquis of Canada, originally Irish, of the an- 
cient family of Terry." 


In England the name of de Staunton dates from the 
Conquest, while in Ireland it is of record from the 
earliest days after the English Invasion. About the 
year 1200, Milo and Henry de Staunton disputed the 
patronage of the parish church of Monmohenock in 
Wicklow with the Bishop of Glendaloch ; Milo was 


then seised of its manor.* In 1220, Adam de Staun- 
ton granted lands in Kilbrenin, with the miU, the 
church, and all tithes there, to Christ Church, Dublin, 
for the founding of a cell with resident canons. The 
above Milo at the same time endowed the abbey of 
St. Thomas in that City with the churches of Dun- 
brin and Demloff. In 1244, Adam was summoned, 
as one of the ' Fideles ' of Ireland, to service in the 
Scottish war ; and in 1279, Richard de Burgo, Eari 
of Ulster, petitioned for the wardship of Adam de 
Staunton, who held lands in Connaught under him. 
In 1295, the latter Adam was summoned for the war 
in Gascony, as was William de Staunton to that of 
Scotland in 1302. In 1308, Gerald, son and heir of 
Maurice de Staunton, made a marriage appointment 
of dower, (according to the custom of the time) at the 
gate of St. Patrick's Cathedral ; assigning four ca- 
rucates of land in the County of Cork (which had 
been his father's) with seven marks for his wife, Ma- 
tilda de Ruggeleye ; while Henry de Ruggeleye pass- 
ed his bond for fifty-seven marks as the portion of 
said Matilda. About this time, Philip de Staunton, 
clerk, received the full sum of £100 for his remune- 
ration in the service of mustering men-at-arms, 'to put 
down the Irish felons in the mountains of Leinster.' 
In 1312, Fromund le Brun (Brown) acquired a con- 
siderable property in Connaught in right of his wife, 
Nesta, the daughter of the aforesaid Adam de Staun- 
ton. In 1359, Philip de Staunton was deputed to 

♦ Mason 8 St. Patrick's, p. 65. 



treat with the Irish ' rebels ' in Leinster, and to hold 
pariey and make peace with them. In 1373, John 
Staunton was one of those directed to be summoned 
from Meath by its Sheriff, to attend a great Council. 
In eight years after, the Earl of Mortimer, then Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland, died at Cork, whereupon the 
Lord Chancellor and a Justice of the Bench issued 
summonses for such persons as usually formed a Par- 
liament, to meet at Cork for the purpose of appointing a 
temporary Viceroy. Amongst those so summoned were 
Milo Staunton and David Fitz-Thomas Roche, Knights, 
returned as for the County of Cork.* In 1422, 
John Staunton was appointed Constable of Trim for 
life, with power to hear and decide controversies con- 
cerning customs, his salary being fixed at twenty 
marks per annum. The last Prior of the old abbey 
of BaUintobber in the County of Mayo, at the time of 
the dissolution, was Walter Mac Willie de Staunton.f 
In 1574, Thomas Staunton, described as having been 
'an ancient Captain in the Irish wars,' purchased the 
manor and advowson of Wolverston in Warwickshire ; 
while another Captain Staunton distinguLshed himself 
in 1601 in the war of Ulster. In 1606, Sir John 
Everardof Fethard, County of Tipperary, had a grant 
of (inter alia) Clogher, one quarter and other lands in 
the County of Mayo, parcel of the estate of John 
(Ballagh) Stanton, 'attainted;' while in 1634, a 
George Staunton came over from Buckinghamshire to 
Ireland, settled in the County of Galway, and there, 

* Mason's St. Patrick's, p. 127. t King's MSS., p. 197. 


intermarrying with a lady of the name of Lynch, 
became founder of the Cargins line. His son, another 
George, had a grant in 1678 of various lands in the 
Barony of Dunmore within that County. 

On the present Army List and in this Regiment 
a second Patrick Staunton appears as Quarter-Master 
to his above namesake. The Attainders of 1691 
describe either of them as Patrick Stanton of Great 
Island, County of Cork, where were also outlawed 
Michael Stanton, merchant, and James Stanton^ 
clothier, both of the City of Cork. In 1698, Thomas 
Staunton was appointed with others to collect a state 
subsidy of £940 off Clare, and another of £1260 ciff 
Gal way County ; he became in 1722 Recorder of 
Galway and its Representative in Parliament. In 
1801, died Sir George Leonard Staunton, (a descen- 
dant of George of 1634); he had applied himself to 
the profession of the Bar, and wiis appointed His 
Majesty's Attorney General for Grenada ; after which 
he accompanied Lord Macartney to Madras, and sub- 
sequently on his celebrated embassy to China in 
1791. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. 


Nothing has been discovered of note concerning him; 
and a Darby Collins, described as of Buttevant, is the 
only individual of the surname appearing on the At- 
tainders of 1691. 




The Goold fiimily was at an early period established 
in the County of Cork. In 1356, Nicholas ' Gold ' 
was one of these influential pei'sons commissioned to 
applot a state subsidy off that County, as was David 
' Gold ' in a few years after. With the Municipal 
History of the City they were, during the years previ- 
ous to the first Civil War, intimately connected. Golds 
having been Mayors of Cork, from 1442 to 1640, no 
less than thirty times ; but aftenvards they ceased to 
fill any corporate oflSce there. Queen Elizabeth's 
instructions to her Lord President of Munster, Sir 
George Carew, in 1 600, directed that William Saxey, 
Chief Justice, and James Golde, second Justice of the 
said Province, being of special trust appointed to be 
of his Council, shall give their continual attendance 
thereat, and shall not depart at any time without the 
special licence of the said Lord President. The salary 
of the Chief was fixed at £100, that of James Golde 
at one hundred marks, subject to deductions in case 
of their absence from the duties so imposed upon 
them. A Manuscript Book of Obits in Trinity 
College, Dublin, (F. iv. 18), supplies some links of the 
family of William Goold, Mayor of Cork in 1618, and 
who died in 1634. 

The Attainders of 1642 include the names of Gar- 
rett ' Goold ' of Castletown, and of James and John 
Fitz-Richard Goold of Tower-Bridge, merchants. 
James Goold was the only member of the family who 

Carroll's dragoons. 405 

attended the Supreme Council in 1647. Besides 

the above Cornet Kobert Goold, there appear on this 
List, Thomas ' Gold ' an Ensign in Colonel Nicholas 
Browne's Infantry Regiment ; and James Gold, an 
Ensign in Colonel John Barrett's. The Attainders of 
1691 include the names of James and Ignatius Goold, 
described as of Cork, Esquires ; John Goold of Kin- 
sale, Esq.; Richard of Cork, merchant ; Patrick of 
said City; James 'Goold' of Gal way, and Ellen 
Bagot, otherwise Goold, wife of John Bagot of Cork. 
Amongst those who were taken at sea in 1746, 
volunteering to aid the cause of Prince Charles- 
Edward, was ' Captain Gould, Ultonia Regiment, 
Spanish service.'* It may be added that in the 
Church of St. Giles at Bruges is a burial place of Wil- 
liam Goold, 'of ancient and venerable lineage in Cork,' 
^ hujus eccksicB ceditui^' as inscribed upon a white 
marble slab inserted in the flag of the Chapel of the 
Blessed Virgin.f In 1801, a branch of this family 
was raised to the Baronetcy in Sir Francis Goold of 
Oldcourt, County of Cork ; while in the Imperial Par- 
liament Wjmdham Goold was, until his recent decease, 
one of the Representatives for the County of Limerick. 


The O'Lynes constituted an ancient Sept in the 

♦ Gent. Mag. vol. 16, p. 208. 

t Nichols's Top*, and Gen*, for 1863, p. 535. 


County of Kerry, but the name does not otherwise ap- 
pear on this List. John Lyne was one of those 
attainted in 1691, and his estate in Kerry was sold 
by the Commissioners of the Forfeitures to Thomas 
Connor of Dublin. 


Nothing is known of these officers or their families. 


The Attainders of 1642 include a Patrick Fennell, 
described as of Kilrush, County of Clare. At the 
Supreme Council of Kilkenny, five years after, Gerard 
Fennell ' of Ballygriffin,' County of Tipperary, was one 
of the Commons ; his estates were accordingly confis- 
cated in CromwelFs time, but restored by the Act of 
Explanation in 1665. By the Usurper's ordinance of 
1652 this Gerard, described as a Doctor of Physic, 
was excepted from pardon for life and estate. He 
died in 1663, and was buried at St. Michan's, Dublin. 
This estate of Ballygriffin was, in 1668, confirmed 
under the Act of Settlement to Thomas Gower, with 
a saving, however, of such right as Ellen, Gerald's 
widow, might prove herself entitled to. 



In the Inquisition for his Attainder in 1691, he is 
described as of TempleconoUy, County of Cork ; where 
another of the family, Robert Donworth, was also 


This Officer seems identical with William Baker of 
Ballytobin in the County of Kilkenny, (the son of a 
Major William Baker, who lost all his estates in 
Worcestershire by his adherence to King Charles the 
First). He obtained Ballytobin from Charles the 
Second, and is at this day represented by his lineal 
descendant, Abraham Whyte Baker. A Francis 
Baker was Captain in Lord Bophin's Regiment of 
Infantry ; yet neither name appears on the At- 
tainders of 1691, but only that of Peter Baker, 
described as of Dungorney, County of Cork. 


The O'Dinnahans or O'Dinans were located in the 
County of Limerick, Chiefs of the tract now known as 
the Barony of Owneybeg. 



[brigadier THOMAS MAXWELL.] 

[lieutenant-colonel DANIEL MAGENNIS.] 
[major CALLAGHAN.] 

The Army List, more concisely given in Somers' 
State Tracts, (vol. xi., p. 399) makes note of this 
seventh Regiment of Dragoons, commanded by Colo- 
nel Thomas Maxwell, and his name appears on the 
List of Colonels that introduces this Muster Roll ; 
while in Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon 
(vol. ii, p. 512,) his force is set down as twelve com- 
panies, comprising a total of six hundred men. He^ 
according to Colonel O'Kelly, was a Scotchman by 
birth, a pretended Roman Catholic, and of mean ex- 
traction. O'Callaghan, with less prejudice and on 
more satisfactory authority, reports him to have been 
" of a very good family in his native country, prob- 
ably a branch of the Maxwells of Nithsdale." Previ- 
ous to King James retiring into France in 1688, 
Maxwell was appointed in England Colonel of a Regi- 
ment of Dragoons, in place of James Berkeley, 
Viscount Fitz-Harding, who succeeded to the command 
on Maxwell's foUowing that King. In Ireland the 
latter was afterwards made Colonel of a Regiment of 
Dragoons, of which Daniel Magennis was Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and Callaghan, Major.* Mr. Hardi- 

♦ King's State of the Protestants, p. 68. 

maxwell's dragoons. 409 

man adds of this Colonel,* that he was married in 
England to Jane, Duchess of Norfolk, widow of the 
sixth Duke, a Lady remarkable for her beauty and 
accomplishments. When Schomberg landed at 
Bangor in 1689, Maxwell, then stationed in that 
place, not being able with his small force to give 
opposition, left there Mac Carty More's Regiment 
with some Companies of Cormuck CNeiU's, and 
retired to Newry. He was present at the battle of 
the Boyne. Colonel O'KeUy says he was one of those 
appointed by Tyrconnell to guide and advise the 
young Duke of Berwick on that Viceroy's departure 
for France ; and it would appear from his narrative, 
that he interested himself in predisposing King James 
to give a cool reception to the delegates against Tyr- 
connel, whom he accompanied to St. Germains. On 
that delegation were, besides Maxwell, the Bishop of 
Cork, the two Luttrells, and Colonel Purcell. " Pur- 
cell," says 0'Conor,f "and Henry Luttrell, suspecting 
that Maxwell carried private instructions, proposed to 
throw him overboard ; but the Bishop interposed the 
sanctity, and Simon Luttrell the mildness and 
honesty of his character, and their united expostula- 
tions rescued him from a watery grave. ** 

O'Kelly, who was himself a partizan of St. Ruth 
against Tyrconnel, ascribes the surprisal of Athlone 
by De Ginkle to the neglect or treachery of Colonel 
Maxwell. The Duke of Berwick in his Memoir takes 

♦ History of Galway, p. 429. 
t O'Conor's Milit. Mem. p. 128. 


a very different view of the circumstance, as men- 
tioned in O'Callaghan's valuable notes on the Excid. 
MacaricBy (p. 427). Dr. Story, the Williamite his- 
torian of the campaign, in reference to the taking of 
Athlone, writes: — "1691, 28th June, the garrison 
detached a sergeant and ten men out of Brigadier 
Maxwell's Regiment, being all bold and daring Scots. 
These were all in armour, and came over their own 
w^orks with a design to ruin ours, but were all of 
them slain ; yet this did not discourage as many 
more fi'om setting about the same piece of service, and 
they effected it by throwing down our planks and 
beams, maugre all our firming and skiU, though they all 
lost their lives as testimonies of their valour, except 
two."* The town was taken in two days after, and 
Major-General Maxwell made prisoner, and sent uj) 
with others to Dublin ; "but some,** says Story, 
" made their escape.f " The Dragoons of Maxwell 
(who had himself in the course of the campaign 
become a Brigadier, and Major-General in the Irish 
army), with the others hereinbefore mentioned, were 
all engaged at Aughrim, with the exception ,of Lord 
Clare's, which had been previously brigaded ; while 
Mr. O'Callaghan in his Green Book, (p. 319) 
suggests the existence of another Regiment of 
Dragoons there, commanded by Colonel John 

The " Diary of the Siege and Surrender of Limerick 

* Story's Impartial Hist. pt. 2, p. 102. 
t Idem, pp. 108-1), and 117. 

maxwell's dragoons. 411 

in 1691'' says, at 16th September, "About seven 
of the clock the bridge was finished, and the General 
immediately ordered the Royal Regiment of Dragoons 

to pass In the meantime the enemy's Dragoons 

came down on foot to oppose us, but as soon as our 
men advanced they took to their heels, leaving their 
tents and baggage with their bridles and saddles (their 
horses being at grass at a place about two miles off) 
behind them. We took also two pieces of brass can- 
non, and Brigadier Maxwell's standard We took 

several prisoners, and among them a French Lieute- 
nant-Colonel of Dragoons, and some other officers."* 
O'Conor writes in respect to this critical scene, 
" Maxwell, who guarded the ford below the town, had 
suffered his men to faU asleep, and some of them de- 
serting apprised the enemy of the state of the gar- 
rison ; De Ginkle, who had resolved upon a desjierate 
effort, was much encouraged by this information, 
and his efforts were successful.!" That this Brigadier 
was not guilty of any deficiency of allegiance to the 
King he acknowledged, may yet be presumed from 
the fact of his having, after the Capitulation of Lime- 
rick, passed over to France at the head of two Irish 
Regiments of Dragoons, spoken of by Marshal Catinat 
as performing ' des choses surprenentes de valeur et 
de bon ordre dans le combat' He was killed at the 
battle of Marsiglia in Piedmont, gained over the Duke 
of Savoy and the allies by that Marshal in 1693. 

♦ Harleian MSS. voL 7, p. 486. 
t O'Conor's Milit. Mem. p. 140. 

412 KING James's irish army list. 

O'Conor, however, in his " Military Memoirs ' says* 
it was a Charles Maxwell, Major in the Brigaded 
Regiment styled the Queen's Dismounted Dragoons, 
who .was killed at the battle of Marsiglia. 

* O'Conor s Milit. Mem., pp. 198 and 222. 

[ 413 ] 

Regiments of Infantry. 


The Kino's, 


Butler's (Edward), 


John Hamilton's, 


McMahon's (Art), 


Henry Frrz- James's, Lord 


Moore's (Charles), 

Grand Prior, 


Bagnall's (Dudley), 




O'Neill's (Gordon), 




Browne's (Nicholas), 




Sir Michael Creagh's, 


Earl of Antrim's, 


Sir Heward Oxburgh's, 


Earl of Tyrone's, 


Browne's (Dominick), 


Nugent's (Richard), 


MacCartie's (Owen), 




Barrett's, (John), 


Dillon's (Henry), 


O'Bryan's (Charles), 


Lord Galway's, 


O'Donovan's (Daniel), 


Lord Bellew s, 


Lord Iveagh's, 


Lord Kenmare's, 


McEllicott's (Roger), 


Lord Slane's, 


O'Reilly's (Edmund), 


O'Neill's (Cormuck), 


MacGuire's (Cuconaught) 


Cavenagh's (Charles), 


Bourke's (Walter), 


Sutler's (Thomas), 


O'Neill's (Felix), 


FitzGerald's (John), 


McMahon's (Hugh), 


Lord Louth's, 


McGillicuddy's (Denis), 


Lord Kilmallock's, 


Purcell's (James), 


Sir Maurice Eustace's, 


Lord Hunsdon's, 


Earl of Westmeath's, 


Moore s (Garreit), 


Major-General Boise- 


Bourke's (Patrick), 



Bourke's (Michael), 


Lord Bophin's, 


Cormick's (Michael), 


O'Gara's (Oliver), 


O'Neill's (IIenry), 


Grace's (John), 


McMahon's (Hugh). 





The King's Company, Mi- 
chael Iloth, Captain. 

William Doirington, Colonel. 

William Maanscll Barker, 

Thomas Arthur, 

', Major. } 

George Talbot 

Richard Fagan. 

Sir Luke Dowdull. 

Sir Gregory Byrne. 
Patrick Dowdall. 
Bartholomew Kussel. 

Thomas Ilackett. 

Tliomas Warren. 

Walter Nangle, and Geo. > 
Nangle, his Son. 3 

Edward Dowdall. 

George Aylmer. 

John Segrave. 

Sir Anthony Mulledy. 

Thomas Anmdell, Grena- 

John Tyrrell. 
John Arthur. 

THE king's. 

Richard Fitzgerald. 

Robert Russell. 
Thomas Wafer. 

John Connell, 
Walter Pluuket. 
William Fitzwilliani 

John Edwards. 
Edmund Fahy, 
John Clancy. 
Christopher Weldon 
Edmund Brennan. 
Charles McDonnell, 
Peter Purcell. 
Richard Bourke. 
James Russell, 
James Carney. 
David Kihill, 
Christopiier TaafTe. 
Robert Dillon, 
Walter D* Alton. 
Edward Nangle, 
John Grace. 
Peter Bathe, 
Bryen Lynch. 
Edward Tipper, 
Thomas Skelton. 
James Molloy. 
Francis White, ) 

Edmund Kelly. ) 
Charles Povey, f 

John Margetsun. j^ 

Edward Arthur. 

Talbot Salter. 
James Touchott. 

John Arthur. 

Nicholas Tyrwhitt. 

Piers Meade. 

Robert Bamewall. 

Edward Hanlon. 
Cliristopher Archbold. 

Andrew Doyle, 
William Fitzwilliani 

Edward Toole. 

Michael Warren. 

John Dillon. 


John Cusack. 
Matthew Taaffe. 
Adam Cusack. 

George Russell. 
Henry Driscoll. 
Thomas Poyntz. 

TllE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 415 


This fine Regiment is stated in the Establishment of 
1687-8 as then consisting of only twelve companies 
(1080 men); its charge being stated as £17,827 12s. 
When strengthened as in this Muster Koll, it comprised 
twenty-two companies of ninety soldiers each, or 
1980 men, exclusive of officers. The celebrated 
Doctor Alexius Stafford (a secular priest of Wexford 
County) Dean of Christ Church, Master in Chancery, 
and member for Bannow in King James's Pariiament, 
was Chaplain to the Regiment ; and he, having in his 
zeal passed into the ranks at the battle of Aughrim, 
fell on that disastrous day. 

The Clarendon Correspondence (vol. 1, p. 434,) 
gives an interesting account of a review of this 
Regiment in 1686. "This morning (8th June, 
1686) the Royal Regiment drew up in St. Stephen's 
Green, when my Lord Tyrconnel viewed them and 
saw them exercise ; Lieutenant-Colonel Dorrington 
was in his post; I was not in the field. His Lordship 
told the officers that the King was so satisfied in the 
long services of Sir Charles Fielding, that he had 
removed him to prefer him to a better post, and that 
he did the like for Master Billingsley, who was then 
in the field. Major Barker not being yet come. His 
Lordship likewise said, as I am informed, His 
Majesty did not remove any of the other officers out 
of any dislike, for he was well satisfied with their 
services, but to make room for other men of great 


merit. Then presented Captain Harman to the Com- 
pany he was to command, on the head of which was 
Captain Margetson, who said he bought his employ, 
ment to show his readiness to venture his life and 
fortune in the King's service ; that whilst he had 
been in it he behaved himself with loyalty and honor, 
and did now most readily submit to his Majesty^s 
pleasure." This Kegiment of Infantry, together with 
Fitz-James's, Lord Galway's, Sir Maurice Eustace's, 
and Colonel Ramsay's, Lord Galmoy's, Lord Abercorn's, 
and Colonel Dominick Sheldon's Horse, constituted 
the besieging force at Derry ; and at the Boyne and 
on the last fatal field of Aughrim, the valour and 
steadiness of this truly Royal Regiment were preemi- 


DoRRiXGTON was a native of England,* and belonged 
to this Regiment of Guards from its first formation- 
In the Establishment of 1687-8 he is entered on the 
Pension List for £200 per annum. A tract, contem- 
poraneous with the arrival of King James in Dublin, 
states as in a letter from Chester, that this ill-judging 
monarch had issued orders which were construed as 
confiding the care and guard of his person rather to 
his French auxiliaries then lately arrived, than to his 
Irish adherents; that a deputation of his own oflScers 

* O'Callaghan's Macarke Excidium, p. 419. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 417 

having received no satisfactory reply, this Colonel 
and twelve other chief officers went to the King 
and delivered up their commissions, telling him withal 
that many more were resolved to do the like. Where- 
upon an arrangement was entered into, which, how- 
ever, little satisfied either party. Constituted as the 
King's Council was, and attended chiefly by com- 
manders of the Irish, the occurrence, if truly alleged, 
must have had an awftd effect on the eve of the cam- 
paign. Dorrington was himself of that Board, toge- 
ther with the Dukes of Powis and Berwick, the Earls 
of Clanricarde, Abercom, Carlingford, and Melfort, 
the Lords Kilmallock, Clare, Merrion, and Kenmare ; 
the English Lord Chief Justice, Sir Edward Herbert, 
(who followed the King's fortune, and subsequently 
became his Chancellor at St. Germains), Colonel 
Patrick Sarsfield, afterwards created by him Earl of 
Lucan, and Sir Ignatius White of Limerick, Baro- 

Colonel Dorrington was afterwards commissioned 
by his King, immediately before the meeting of the 
Parliament of Dublin, to serve at the siege of Derry, 
and there was he wounded, but not so badly as long 
to supersede his active duty. In the September of 
that year, when King James would fain advance to 
arrest the progress of his enemy in Louth, having 
marched within a short distance of Dundalk, he di- 
rected Colonel Dorrington with the Brigade of Guards 
to come on as far as Mapletown-bridge, and resolved 

♦ O'Callaghan 8 Brigade, v. 1, p. 168. 



himself to encamp near that of Affane.* Dorrington 
subsequently distinguished himself at the Boyne, and 
was Governor of Limerick in the latter portion of that 
year (1690). When Tyconnel passed over to 
France, leaving the Duke of Berwick his Deputy in 
the Vice-Royalty of Ireland, Brigadier Dorrington 
was one of these deputed to represent to his Grace 
that the power so attempted to be conferred upon 
him was illegal, but that the Great Council in Lime- 
rick, consisting of the Prelates, Nobles, and OflScers, 
were willing that he should have the civil and mili- 
itary authority, provided he would admit a select 
council of officers to direct his military operations, and 
allow two able persons from each of the provinces to 
advise him in relation to the civil.f On Tyrconnel's 
return to France, Dorrington was made Major-Gene- 
ral of the Army J. 

Immediately before the last siege of Limerick, he 
was taken prisoner at the battle of Aughrim,§ and 
was thereupon sent up to Dublin, from thence to 
Chester and at last to the Tower of London ; but was 
80 soon released or exchanged by the Revolutionists 
as to be able to resume in France his active adherence 
to the Jacobite cause. There he retained his Colonelcy 
of the Royal Irish Foot Guards ; of which, in the re- 
modelling, Oliver O'Gara, who had been a full Colonel in 
Ireland, was constituted Lieutenant-Colonel, and 

• Clarke's James II., v. 2. p. 379. 
t O'Connor s Milit. Mem. p. 126. 
X Story's Impartial Hist. pt. 2, p. 55. § Idem, p. 137. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 419 

John Both, Major. The Regiment, then consisting of 
twelve companies, was stationed on the coast of 
Normandy, as part of the army designed for the inva- 
sion of England in 1693 : it subsequently served in 
Flanders ; and in Germany, in 1703, under Villars, 
maintained a high character ; Dorrington himself 
having been then raised to the rank of Lieutenant- 
Greneral. In the same year he was engaged in the 
mountain campaign against the Tyrolose. In 1704, 
he sustained with the French that signal discomfiture 
of which O'Conor writes as " a memorable instance of 
the finest army in the world annihilated by the igno- 
rance of the leaders/* He again distinguished him- 
self in Germany under Marshal Villars, and especially 
at Ramillies in 1705. In 1709,* he was engatged at 
the battle of Malplaquet, and subsequently under the 
same leadership until 17 12. In 1718, he died at 
Paris, when this Regimenf was transferred to the 
Compte Michael de Roth, and bore his name. This 
title was again changed in 1766 to 'Roscommon,' and 
in 1770 to 'Walsh's,' which it continued to bear, down 
to the French Revolution. 

Another Dorrington (Andrew) was Captain in the 
Earl of Clancarthy's Regiment of Infantry, but 
William is the only one on the Roll of Attainders, 
whereon he is described as ' of Dublin.' 

♦ O'Conor's Milit. Mem. p. 290. 

EE 2 

420 KING James's irisii army list. 


This name does not seem to have been known in Ire- 
land until the days of the Tudor Dynasty, neither 
does it appear on the Attainders of 1642 or 1691. 
By the Act of Explanation (1665) William Barker, 
Esq., was restoi'ed to his estates in the County of 
Limerick, and seems to have been the father of the 
above Lieutenant-Colonel, who commanded the Infan- 
try at the momentous battle of Aughrim. There, ac- 
cording to Clarke's Memoir of James the Second, (vol. 
2, p. 359), he was icounded^ according to Dean 
Story,* killed. A Sir William Barker being seized in 
fee of lands in the County of Limerick, and also of a 
manor in Essex, settled same on his marriage in 
1676, and the eldest son of that marriage was another 
Sir William.t 


This name appears of Irish record from the time of 
Edward the Second, and Ortelius's map locates the 
family in the Barony of Clanwilliam, County of 

Limerick. In the year 1210, Robert Arthur was 

a benefactor to the great Abbey of St. Thomas in 
Dublin. In 1486, Dr. Thomas Arthur, by birth of 
Limerick City, died there Bishop of the See. In the 

* Impartial Hist. pt. 2, p. 130. f Appeal Cases. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 421 

first Parliament of Elizabeth, Edward Arthur was one 
of the members elected to represent the City. After 
the Kestoration, a patent of lands in the County of 
Limerick to Captain John Winckworth, a Cromwel- 
lian, contained a saving of the right of Dr. Thomas 
Arthur to certain lands therein named, as a nominee 
after reprisals. He had a similar saving in a patent 
of premises in the City of Limerick, to Wentworth, 
Earl of Koscommon ; while, under the Acts of Settle- 
ment and Explanation, he was restored to his principal 
seat and 2,000 acres of land ; as was, by the same 
legislative arrangement of property, John Arthur to 
the estates of his father. Alderman Arthur, with some 
exceptions ; and a Patrick Arthur was likewise 
thereby similarly restored. In King James's Charter 
to Limerick, Nicholas Arthur was named one of the 
Aldermen, while James and Thomas Arthur were of 
its Burgesses. This Thomas it may be concluded was 
the above Major. At the Parliament of Dublin in 
1689, he sat as one of the Representatives for the Bo- 
rough of Newcastle, in the County of Dublin.* 

An early notice of this Thomas appears in the 
"Correspondence of the Earl of Clarendon," (6th 
May, 1686), when, writing to the Earl of Sunderland 
he recommends " that Captain Thomas Arthur, a 
Roman Catholic, who lately bought the employment, 
be advanced to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 
Guards."! Early in the September of that year he 

♦ King's MSS. in Dublin Soc. 

t Singer's Correspond, vol. 2, p. 372. 

422 KING James's irish army ust. 

was sent to Connaught by Tyrconnel to raise recruits, 
but not having the Earl of Clarendon's order, he was 
recalled, and this the rather " as the Captain could 
command no serviceable interest in Connaught."* 
Lord Clarendon, having been afterwards acciised of 
thus recalling Arthur, defended himself as that the 
raising of men is a matter of great consequence, and 
ought to be done by no authority but that of the Chief 
Govemor.f Besides Major Thomas, there were of the 
family in this Regiment Jolin Arthur a Captain, 
Edward and John Arthur Ensigns ; and Patrick 
Arthur was a Captain in Major-General Boiseleau's 
Infantry. One 'of these Captains was wounded at 
Deny, while the above Major fell at the Boyne ;X ^^^ 
Dean Story records the death of a Colonel Arthur at 
the battle of Aughrim,§ who it would seem from 
Lodge,|| was married to a niece of Richard, Earl of 
Tyrconnel. The outlawries of 1691 include the 
above Thomas^ described as of Colganstown, County 
of Dublin, with three others in said County, and one 
in each of those of Limerick, Clare, and Kilkenny. 
Various claims were made on their estates at Chi- 
chester House. 

* Singer 8 Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, vol. 2, pp. 578-9. 
t Idem. X Clarke's James II. v. 2. p. 399 

§ Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 138. H Peerage, v. 4, p. IGO. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 423 


This family is by some considered of English descent, 
while others prefix to it the Milesian ' 0/ In the 
thirteenth century it was established in Meuth, and 
in its branches became early connected with the De 
Lacys, Plunketts, and Barnewalls. In 1358, John 
Fagan was High Sheriff of the Liberties of Meath ; 
and in 1373, was appointed Governor of the important 
Castle of the Pale at Trim. 

Christopher Fagan, -the representative of tlie 
Meath line, and inheritor of their estates, was induced 
to lend his influence in mainUiining Perkin Warbeck s 
claim to the Crown. He (as it is said in an old 
family pedigree, verified by wills and funeral 
entries in the OflSce of Arms, and now preserved by 
Mr. William Fagan of Cork), was slain with four of 
his sons at the siege of Carlow, when a great portion 
of their Meath estates was, as confiscated, granted to 
the Aylmers, Barnewalls, and other gentry of the 
Pale. John, the youngest son of Christopher, was 
also at Carlow, being then but 18 years of age ; he, 
however, escaped the slaughter, and fled to Cork, a 
city that held out strenuously for Perkin. He there 
married Phillis, daughter of William Skiddy of Skiddy's 
Castle in that city, by whom he had two sons, and a 
daughter Phillis, who married Thomas Gould. Rich- 
ard, the eldest son of Christopher, left a son Thomas 
Fagan, who acquired that estate of Feltrim in the 
County of Dublin from which the head of the family 


has since derived a territorial designation. His 
eldest son, another Christopher, was High SheriflF of 
the City of Dublin in 1565 and 1573 ; and it was 
during his possession of Feltrim that the unfortunate 
Earl of Desmond, being a prisoner of state in the 
Castle of Dublin, and his health failing so as to need 
the air of the country, this Christopher Fagan was 
select/cd to take charge of his person at his residence. 
But when it was intimated to Fagan that it would be 
his duty to watch the captive, he magnanimously 
replied, that the Earl woult^ be welcome to diet and 
lodging at his house, yet would he never consent to 
be his keeper. Desmond, it may be added, in such li- 
beral guardianship was allowed to walk abroad on his 
parol ; but, abusing the privilege, he escaped into 
Munster, where entering soon after into open rebellion 
he was treacherously murdered.* The descendant and 
namesake of tliis Christopher was declared a forfeit- 
ing proprietor during the civil wars of 1641. On 
proof, however, of his innocence, he was in 1670 
decreed the possession of Feltrim, qualified into an 
estate in tail-male. His death in 1682 is recorded in 
a funeral entry in the OflSce of Arms, wherein he is 
described as 'Christopher, son of Kichard, son of John, 
son of Richard ;' that he died 1 2th February, 1682-3, 
and was buried in St. Audoens' Church, Dublin ; 
having married Anne, daughter of Sir Nicholas White 
of Leixlip, by whom he had several children, of whom 
(says the record) Richard and Peter are now living, 

♦ D' Alton's History of the Co. Dublin, pp. 211-12. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 425 

and one daughter, Elizabeth, married to Lord Stra- 
bane [and who became mother by him of Claud, fourth 
Eari of Abercorn, Colonel of a Regiment of Horse in 
this Army, as before noticed]. The Richard here 
mentioned was the above Captain, and he married 
Ellen, daughter of Thomas Aylmer of Lyons, by 
whom he had one daughter, Anna-Maria. Richard's 
uncle, John Fagan, became the founder of that 
Munster line in which the representation is now 
preserved ; and his son Christopher was, as hereafter 
noticed, a Captain in Lord Kenmare's Infantry ; 
while in Sir Michael Creagh's, Patrick ' Ffagan ' was 
also a Captain. The Attainders of 1691 exhibit the 
names of Thomas Fagan of Kinsale, Bryan ' OTegan' 
of Drumgagh, County of Down, clerk ; Manus 
' OTegan ' of Clonallon, County of Down ; with 
Richard Fagan, described as of Drakestown, County 
of Meath, and Feltrim, County of Dublin. The value 
of the latter's estate alone was so considerable, that 
an inquiry into its circumstances was directed in 
1690-1, with the object of presenting it as a royal 
boon to Sir Robert Southwell.* The sale of all his 
estates ultimately brought in not less than £100,000, 
out of which only his wife's jointure and his daugh- 
ters' portions (for he died without male issue) were 
allowed to be paid ; viz. £1,000 for his eldest daugh- 
ter Anne, and £400 for each of his other daughters, 
Elizabeth and Helen. They were all minors at the 

♦ Thorpe's Catal. SouthweU MSS. p. 213. 


time of the claims made. Helen afterwards married 
John Taylor of Swords, antej p. 379. 

A James Fagan passed after the Revolution into 
the Spanish service, where he was promoted to the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of Hamel's Regiment. He 
married the heiress of the House of Turges in Lor- 
raine, and was living in 1722.* See further of this 
family at Christopher Fagan, a Captain in Lord Ken- 
mare's Infantry. 


This name is of record in Ireland from the time of 
King Edward the Third. In 1446, Robert Dowdall 
of Newtown-Termonfeckin, County of Louth, was ap- 
pointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in Ire- 
land. His son Thomas was Master of the Rolls in 
1488, and James Dowdall was appointed in 1583 
Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench. An unprinted Act 
of Resumption of 1468 contains a saving of the rights 
of the aforesaid Robert Dowdall. Edward Dowdall of 
Glaspistol was one of the Representatives of the 
County of Louth in Queen Elizabeth's first Parlia- 
ment ; and Laurence Dowdall of Athlumney and 
Nicholas Dowdall of Brownstown attended the cele- 
brated meeting on the hill of Crofiy. The Attainders 
of 1642 present the names of this Nicholas, Walter of 

• Fagan MSS. 


Athboy, and Laurence of Athlumney. The latter was 
of the Confederate Catholics who adhered to the King 
at the meeting in Kilkenny, and he was accordingly 
excepted from pardon for life or estate in Cromwell's 
Act of 1652. In a grant of Athlumney as forfeited 
property to William Ridges in 1666, a saving was 
inserted " of such right and no other as should be ad- 
judged due to Sir Luke Dowdall, Knight, as a nomi- 
nee in the town and lands of Athlumney." Besides 
these Captains, there appear upon this List another 
Edward Dowdall a Quarter-Master, and Joseph 
Bowdall an Ensign in Lord Louth's Regiment of 
Infantry ; while a John Dowdall, who does not appear 
upon it, was, after its date, appointed Major of Lord 
*Bellew's' Infantry. The list of names for the 
Shrievalties in Ireland, sent over to Lord Clarendon 
the Viceroy, contained for the County of Meath the 
name of Launcelot Dowdall, with the observation, ' a 
factious caballing whig ;' to which Clarendon replied 
in comment, ' This gentleman is of an ancient Eng- 
lish family in that county, where he behaves himself 
with great sobriety, and is so far from being a favour- 
ite of the whigs or caballing with them, that they are 
dissatisfied with his being Sheriff, concluding him a 
friend to the old natives of the County.** 

John Dowdall was one of the Representatives of the 
Borough of Dundalk in the Parliament of 1689, as 
was Henry Dowdall, Recorder of Drogheda, for that 
ancient town. This latter it was who, in duty of his 

* Singers Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 1, p. 286. 


office, delivered that address of its Corporation to 
King James, when entering the town on the 7th of 
April, 1689, which is preserved in the Anthologia 
Hihemka, (vol. 1, p. 42). The Attainders of 1691 
comprise the names of the above Sir Luke, described 
as Lucas Dowdall of Old Connaught, County of Dub- 
lin, and of Dublin City ; Patrick of Navan, mer- 
chant ; and Edward of Dublin and Moate ; besides 
James Dowdall of Navan, merchant, George of 
Cluncestown, Stephen of Athboy, Henry of Browns- 
town and Drogheda, Joseph and Matthew of Cloran, 
County of Westmeath, and Sylvester, son of Matthew 
of said last mentioned place. Patrick of Dundalk 
and Termonfeckin, John of Dundalk, Christopher and 
John of Drogheda, merchants, Peter of Ardee, clerk, 
and Walter Dowdall of Drumshallon, clerk. 

Sir Lucas forfeited in Meath extensive estates, off 
which his widow. Dame Katherine, claimed dower, but 
was dismist, as were alike the claims of their 
children Anne, Thomasine, and Mary Dowdall for 
portions, and that of Daniel Dowdall, his son and 

heir, by his guardian, for a fee therein. Margaret 

Dowdall claimed in her own right and was allowed 
the benefit of sundry debts due to her, but 'put out' in 
the name of Patrick Dowdall, who was attainted ; 
while she also claimed as one of the executors of 
Lady Jane Dowdall a mortgage debt affecting the 
County of Longford estate of said Patrick Dowdall. 
Lady Alice Dowdall, otherwise Nugent, one of the 
daughters of Kichard, late Earl of Westmeath, claimed 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 429 

a jointure of £180 off the Meath estates of Henry 
Dowdall — dismist. Joseph Dowdall sought and was 
allowed an estate tail in Westmeath lands forfeited by 
Matthew Dowdall ; and Kedmond Dowdall, and Mary 
his wife, claimed an estate tail in County of Limerick 
lands forfeited by Tobias and John Dowdall, as did 
said Mary her dower off these estates as the widow of 

Tobias and under his will of 25th August, 1688. 

The estates of Sir Lucas were subsequently sold in 
lots to John Preston of Ardsallagh, Kobert Kochfort, 
her Majesty's Attomey-General, Michael Shields of 
Wainstown, John Drury of Dublin, and Kichard 
Gorges, Esq. the patentee of Kilrue. 

In the engagement at Lauffield village in 1747, 
Lieutenant Dowdall, then ranking in Berwick's 
Brigade, was wounded. 


The O'Bymes were the formidable Chieftains of that 
last subjugated district of Ireland, now the County of 
Wicklow ; the present Barony of Ballinacor and the 
Rainilogh were possessed exclusively by them, and 
they, with the O'Tooles, the territorial Lords of the 
remainder of this County, maintained for nearly four 
centuries an unceasing war against Dublin and the 
English Pale. So early after the introduction of sur- 
names as 1119 the Four Masters record the death of 
Aodh O'Brin (Byrne), Lord of East Leinster, and when 

430 KixG James's ibish army list. 

afterwards Dermot McMurrough invited the English 
invasion, the O'Byrne, who was, in the adjustment of 
Irish government, his tributary, although Dermot 
confided in him as his last hope, renounced his allegi- 
ance, and unhesitatingly opposed the invaders ; when, 
being brought before ' Strongbow,' he was condemned 
to death. In 1176, Malachy O'Byrne died Bishop of 
Kildare. Murrough ' Mac Byrn ' of Rainilough and 
Connor * O'Brin ' were of the Irish Chiefs, to whom 
Henry the Third directed a special requisition for re- 
pairing to his standard, and assisting him with their 
forces against the King of Scotland.* In 1398, 
Roger Mortimer, Earl of March and Ulster, and Lord 
of Dunamase, was killed when endeavouring to reduce 
this mountain Sept ; a catastrophe which induced the 
second visit of the unfortunate Richard the Second to 
Ireland, when the O'Byrne was fain to yield him ho- 
mage.f In 1535, Lord Leonard Grey received inti- 
mation that one of the Fitzgeralds, uniting with Lord 
Baltinglas and a Chieftain of the O'Byrnes, had taken 
their station in the valleys of Glendalough, that their 
numbers were daily increasing, and * their excursions 
were pestilent and audacious/ In two years after, 
however, the O'Byrne made his submission to Lord 
Grey. In the time of Queen EUizabeth, the celebrated 
Feagh Mac Hugh was the Captain of the O'Byrnes ; 
he it was whom Spencer commemorates, " so far 
emboldened as to threaten peril even to Dublin, over 

♦ Rymer's Foedera. f Davis's Hist. Rel. p. 22. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 431 

whose neck he continually hung." His capture and 
escape are well narrated by the Four Masters. 

Two cruel Inquisitions were held at Newcastle, in 
the County of Dublin in 1604, by operation of which 
the estates of upwards of eighty of the O'Bymes of 
Wicklow were declared forfeited to the Crown ; many 
of them, as appears by the finding, having been killed 
or taken prisoners and hanged by martial law during 
the rebellion, which broke out 2nd of September, 36th 
Elizabeth. In two years after, eighty-five others of 
this devoted mountain Sept felt it necessary in pru- 
dence to pay the fines and charges for patents of 
pardon. The Attainders of 1642 include one 
hundred and fifty-six CBymes in their old County, 
with four in Dublin, three in the County of Kildare, 
and one in Carlow. The Kilkenny Assembly of Con- 
federate Catholics was attended by Hugh ' Brin ' of 
Corinnon, Bryan ' Bume ' of Ballinacor, Bryan of 
Rodine, James of Ballyaude, and John of Bally glann. 
Cromwell's Denunciation Act of 1652 excepts two of 
these Confederates, there described as Hugh Mac 
Phelim and Bryan Mac Phelim Byrne, both of the 
County of Wicklow, from pardon for life and estate. 
In the Record Tower of Dublin Castle is a petition of 
Phelim Byrne, soon after the Restoration, to recover 
his ancient inheritance in Wicklow ; but it does not 
seem to have been effective. 

The above Captain Sir Gregory Byrne was resident 
at Tymogue in the Queen's County ; in 1669, he 
married Margaret Copley, sister and co-heiress of Sir 


Christopher Copley, and grand-daughter of the first 
Viscount Kanelagh ; in two years after he was 
created a Baronet, and in 1685 his Lady died, leav- 
ing issue by him an only son Daniel. Sir Gregory 
was attainted in 1691 ; nevertheless, at the Court of 
Chichester House he claimed estates in fee in divers 
lands in the Queen's County, and in plots and houses 
in Dublin ; but the claim was dismist as cautionary ; 
while some other interests in the City and County of 
Dublin were allowed to him. He married to his 
second wife Alice Fleming, only daughter of Kandal 
Lord Slane, by the Lady Penelope Moore, daughter of 
Henry, Earl of Drogheda ; (the grand-daughter of 
this union, having married into the family of Bryan 
of Jenkinstown, her son sought to establish title to 
the dormant title of Slane as heir general of Christo- 
pher Lord Slane, and on the extinction of all interme- 
diate issue). Besides this Captain, there are on the 

present ' List ' Garret and John Byrne, Captains in 
the Earl of Westmeath's Infantry. The former was 
afterwards adjudged within the Articles of Limerick. 
In the Parliament of Dublin, Hugh Byrne sat as one 
of the Representatives of the Borough of Carysfort, 
and Thomas Byrne as one of that of Wicklow. Sir 
Gregory was outlawed on four Inquisitions in Dublin, 
Meath, and the Queen's County ; while the scattered 
quantity of these political attainders in 1692, in rela- 
tion to the O'Byrnes, powerfully evinces the dispersion 
from their native mountain fastnesses, to which this 
devoted race were within a few years after its reduc- 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 433 

tion subjected. Nineteen of these Inquisitions were 
held in the County of Wicklow, eight in Carlow, 
seven in Westmeath, three in Meath, Dublin, and 
Wexford respectively, two in the Queen's County, and 
one in Louth ; while even in such remote settlements 
as Derry and Galway two occur in the former and 
one in the latter. At the Court of Claims, besides 
those so made by Sir Gregory Byrne, Garret Byrne 
claimedthe tithes of Rectories in Wicklow forfeited by 
Hugh Byrne,— dismist for non-prosecution. Oflf the 
forfeitures of Walter Byrne in the City of Dublin, 
his widow claimed and was allowed an estate for life 
under settlement of 1682 ; and Edmund Byrne 
claimed and was allowed the fee of some estates of 
Thady Byrne in the Barony of Arklow, County of 

In 1707, Dr. Edmund Byrne was the Roman Ca- 
tholic Archbishop of Dublin. A proclamation issued 
in 1712 for his apprehension, as well as of others 
" who attempted to exercise ecclesiastical jurisdiction 
contrary to the laws of the kingdom.''* In 1746, 
' Comet Byrne' was one of the rebel officers taken 
prisoner at sea, being in the 'Pretender's' service on 
board the Charit^.f In 1757, Colonel O'Byme was 
a distinguished officer in the Austrian service ; he 
died in 1813. 

• Hardiman's Galway, pp. 275-7. 
t Gent. Mag. ad annuniy p. 145. 


434 KING James's irish army list. 


This name is of Irish record from the earliest period 
after the Invasion, while the Four Masters relate the 
death of Actin Russell in a battle between the Burkes 
and O'Conors in 1263. In 1594, Sir William Rus- 
sell was appointed Lord Justice of Ireland, when his 
earliest movement was directed against the O'Bymes 
at their stronghold of Ballinacor. The Attainders of 
1642 comprise the names of Thomas Russell Ruagh 
of Rush, Christopher Russell of Seatown, Andrew 
Russell of Swords, Patrick of Brownstown, Nicholas 
of Collinstown, Thomas of Drynam, and Francis of 
Kilrush, all in the County of Dublin ; with Patrick 
Russell of Rodanstown, County of Meath. In 1646, 
George Russell of Rathmolin was one of the Confede- 
rate Catholics assembled at Kilkenny. 

A short time before the accession of King James, 
Dr. Patrick Russell (of the family that, as shown by 
the above attainders, was congregated about the 
ancient town of Swords,) was appointed the Catholic 
Archbishop of Dublin, in which dignity he continued 
during that monarch's reign. In 1685, he held the 
first Provincial Council at Dublin that had been 
known for many years ; and Lord Clarendon, then 
Viceroy, writing at that time to the Earl of Rochester 
one of his state letters, says of this prelate, " He has 
been with me, seems to be a good man, but no poli- 
tician ; he is a secular."* In the peaceful course of 

* Singer's Corresp. v. 1, p. 887. 


his life he continued, by synods and councils and 
visitations, to inculcate humility and attention in his 
clergy, and virtue and loyalty in their flocks."* 
During his King's residence in the Irish metropolis, he 
performed the service and rites of his church con- 
stantly in the Koyal presence ; the last permitted 
occasion of these solemnities having been for the 
consecration of a Benedictine nunnery in Dublin. 
On the downfall of the Stuart dynasty, he fled to 
Paris, whence however he returned to close his life in 
the land of his birth and ministry. At the termi- 
nation of the year 1692 he died, and was buried in the 
venerable church of Lusk near Swords. While he 
was Primate, his principal residence was in the old 
chapel-house at Francis-street, by the Fraternity of 
which establishment an ancient censer is preserved 
exhibiting the inscription, " Orate pro Patricio 
Russell^ Archiepiscopo Dublinioe^ Primati Hibernian 
et pro qus fratre Jacobo Russell^ Decano Duhlinice 
et Prothonotario ApostoUcO^ qui me fieri fecitJ"^ 
During King James's reign he enjoyed a pension of 
£200 per annum charged on the Irish Exchequer. 
The above Captain Bartholomew Russell was the pro- 
prietor of Seatown, County of Dublin, by which de- 
scription he was attainted in 1691 ; while there 
appear on this Army List Garret and Thomas Russell, 
Ensigns in the Earl of Tyrone's Infantry (the latter 
described on his attainder as of Ballymacscanlon, 
County of Louth), and Christopher Russell (described 

* D' Alton's Archbishops of Dublin, p. 454. t Idem. p. 45fi. 

FF 2 

436 KING James's irisu army list. 

as of Seatown, County of Dublin) a Captain in Colonel 
Cormuck CNeilFs Infantry. 

The Attainders of 1691, besides the above officers, 
include the names of Valentine Russell of Quoniams- 
town, James of Russelstown, County of Westmeath, 
Robert of Drynam (who had been one of 'the Repre- 
sentatives of Swords in the Parliament of 1689), and 
eight other Russells in the Counties of Cork, Water- 
ford, Down, and Louth. Captain Bartholomew 
forfeited much about Swords and in the Barony of 
Nethercross. Thomas's confiscations were of portions 
of the Rectorial tithes of Julianstown, Flatten, and 
Dunany. Valentine's comprised extensive estates 
in the County of Down, in which his son Patrick 
Russell, then a minor, claimed an estate tail as 
(lid his mother Mary Russell, alias Hanlon, by 
Hugh Hanlon her Trustee, a rent charge in lieu of 
dower under marriage articles of February, 1683. 
Their petitions do not, however, appear to have been 
allowed, and a portion of his estates, including Quon- 
iamstown was sold by the Commissioners of the For- 
feitures in 1703 to Robert Echlin of Rush, Esq. 
Bridget, the only child and heiress of Robert Russell 
of Drynam, married Andrew Cruise of the Naul 
family. See post^ at Captain Francis Cruise, in the 
Earl of Tyrone's Infantry. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 437 


This name 'Hecket' occurs on the Roll of Battle 
Abbey as of one of the Knights who attended the Con- 
queror from Normandy. His race early extended 
over Worcestershire and Yorkshire. One of his 
decendants, Paganus Hacket, came over to Ireland 
with the English Invasion. He witnessed an en- 
dowment from Hugh Tyrrell to the priory of Kilmain- 
ham about 1180, and acquired, a grant of lands in the 
district of Wicklow still known by the name of 
Hacketstown,* which remained in his line until their 
adhesion to the Earl of Desmond caused its confis- 
cation in the time of Queen Elizabeth. In 1200, 
Eowland Hacket was seised of lands near Einsale 
County of Dublin ;t and in 1250, William Hacket 

founded the Franciscan Friary, in Cashel. In 

1302, John and Kobert 'Haket' were of the 'Fideles' 
of Ireland, whose services were sought by special 
Koyal mandate for the war in Scotland. J About the 
same time, Robert and Walter Haket received similar 
recognitions of the King's confidence,§ the latter 
being entrusted with the custody of Newcastle 
Mac Kinegan near Delgany. In 1356, Andrew 
Hakett was Sheriff and Escheator of the County of 
Cross-Tipperary. At the Battle of Agincourt, Rich- 
ard Hakett was one of the Knights in the Duke of 

* Lynch's Feudal Dignities, p. 255. 

f Archdairs Monasticon, p. 152. 

J Parliamentary Writs. § Roll in Irish Chancery. 


Gloucester's retinue, as was another Kichard in Sir 
Henry Hussey's, and a Walter Haket in Sir William 
Bourchier's.* In 1460, David Haket was Bishop of 
Ossory ; and in 1484, Peter Haket was Archbishop 
of Cashel. In the sixteenth century, and it would 
seem anterior to it, a branch of this family was estab- 
lished in the county of Galway, and erected a castle 
on a townland of that district which still bears the 
name of Castle-Hacket. By Inquisition of 1584, it 
was found that Ulick Mac Redmond Mac Meyler died 
in 1571, seised of the castles of Castle-Hacket and 
Cahir-Morris ; but that Mac Hacket, the chief of his 
name, and others of the Sept of the Hackets, claimed 
the aforesaid Castle of Castle-Hacket, with the two 
quarters of land adjoining, f 

The Attainders of 1642 comprise but one individual 
in the old County, described as George Hackett of 
Ballinahensy, County of Wicklow ; about which 
time Thomas Hackett was transplanted to Connaught, 
and others of the name settled in the County of Mayo, 
where they seem now extinct. In 1672, Thomas 
Hacket succeeded to the Sees of Down and Connor. 
In 1678, Thomas Hacket, described as of Dublin, 
merchant, an especial friend of the Duke of Tyrconnel, 
had a grant of upwards of 1,000 statutable acres in 
the Barony of Clare, County of Galway, with cer- 
tain savings. In the Parliament of Dublin (1689), 
Thomas Hackett, Bishop of Down and Connor, was 
one of the spiritual Peers ; while in the Commons, Sir 

* Nicholas's Agin court. f Hardiman's Galway, p. 21. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 439 

Thomas Hacket represented Portarlington, as did 
Alderman James the City of Cashel. Another Hac- 
kett (James) appears on this Army List a Lieutenant 
in Colonel Thomas Butler's Infantry. When King 
James, after the Boyne, fled from Dublin through the 
hills of Wicklow, he stopped for a few hours with some 
followers at the house of a Mr. Hackett near Arklow, 
whence he proceeded to Duncannon, arriving there 
about sunrise. According to Archbishop King, a 
Captain Robert Hacket was one of those who followed 
the fortunes of James to France. 

In 1691, was attainted Thomas Hackett, de- 
scribed as of Cloncullen, with five others of the name. 
It does not appear how far the estates of this Thomas 
Hackett were affected by attainder, but by a Private 
Act of the Irish Parliament in 1706, explained by 
another of 1708, those of Sir Thomas Hacket were 
vested in Trustees for the payment of his debts. 


This ' name is ' of record in Ireland early in the reign 
of Edward the Second, from which time it extended 
its branches over all the Counties of the Pale. The 
Attainders of 1642 present the names of six Warrens. 
Of the Confederate Catholics at Kilkenny in 1646, 
were Alexander Warren, then styled of Churchtown ; 
Edward Warren, ' late of Dublin,' and William War- 
ren of Casheltown. About the year 1667, William 


and John Warren of Corduff joined in conveying a 
parcel of Castlekuock to the Crown, for the purpose 
of enlarging the Phoenix Park. This William War- 
ren, as apj^ears by Inquisition of 1687, was seised of 
upwards of 283 acres in Upper Castleknock, 51 in 
Carpenterstown, and 58 in Lacken, which he had 
settled in tail-mail on his nephew, the above Captain 
Thomas, by deed of 22nd March, 1669. 

It is of legal record that Lord Dongan, whom James 
the Second afterwards created Earl of Limerick, leased 
in 1688 lands in the County of Kildare to a Maurice 
Warren for his life, and the lives of his nephews Ed- 
ward and William Warren, with covenant for per- 
petual renewal. William died in the camp of Dun- 
dalk, while the lessor was in the Irish Army, and 
Maurice himself (the lessee) died in 1691, when Gil- 
bert, the eldest son of Maurice, entered on the lands, 
but was unable to obtain a renewal, by reason that 
the Earl of Athlone, the Patentee of the estates of the 
attainted Earl of Limerick, was absent from Ireland. 
On the establishment of 1687-8, a Mrs. Mary Warren 
appears for a pension of £80. Thomas Warren was 
then Sheriff of Dublin, as he was again in the year 
of King James's sojourn there. He was attainted in 
1691, by the description of Thomas Warren of Cor- 
duff, County of Dublin, and of Warrenstown, County 
of Meath. Besides this officer there appear of the 
name on this Army List, John Warren a Captain, 
and Richard Warren a Lieutenant in Sir Maurice 
Eustace's Infantry. In Lord Bophin's, Laurence 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 441 

Warren was a Lieutenant. In Sir Michael Creagh's, 
Edward was a Captain, as was Nicholas in Sir Charles 
Cavenagh's (but appointed subsequent to the date of 
the present Army List.) Said Captain John War- 
ren was SheriflFof Dublin in 1686 ; in 1689 he was 
a Deputy Lieutenant of the County, and in the Par- 
liament of that year represented the Borough of Car- 
low. He was attainted as of * Warrenstown, County 
of Meath,' and also of Carlow, but his forfeitures lay 
chiefly in the Queen's County, and in the County and 
Town of Carlow. At the Court of Claims, Maurice 
Warren claimed some judgment debts as affecting 
the Carlow estate of John, some of which were allowed; 
while Henry Warren claimed and was allowed a mort- 
gage in fee on said property; and subject to these 
charges his lands were sold in 1703 to Colonel Went- 
worth Hardman, and to Walter Weldon of Rahin, as 
were the town plots to Charles Bouleey. There were 
also attainted in 1692 Patrick, James, and Michael 
Warren, described as of Warrenstown, County of 
Meath ; and Richard Warren of Carlow. 


" This," says Sir Bernard Burke, in his Landed 
Gentry^ " is one of the most ancient Anglo-Norman 
families in Ireland.'' Amongst the Knights who 
accompanied Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, 
(Strongbow) to that country in 1169, were Gilbert 


de Angulo and his two sons Jocelyn and Ilostilio. 
From the latter descends the family of de Costello, 
called Mac Hostilio or Mac Costello. Gilbert de An- 
gulo obtained the territory of Maherigallen and other 
lands in Meath ; whilst his eldest son Jocelyn acquired 
Navan and the lands of Ardbraccan, whence his lineal 
successors, the Nangles, were subsequently styled 
Barons of Navan. His descendant in the fourteenth 
generation, Sir Thomas Nangle, Baron of Navan, 
married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Jenico, third 
Viscount Gormanstown, by Catherine, eldest daughter 
of Gerald, ninth Earl of Kildare ; and had issue by 
her eight sons, the youngest of whom, Walter Nangle 
of Kildalkey in the County of Meath, was grandfather 
of the above Captain Walter, who was himself father 
of Captain George, as well as of Edward, a Lieutenant 
herein, and of Garret or Gerald, a Lieutenant in Sir 
Michael Creagh's Infantry, Captain Walter had 
been SheriflFof Meath in 1687, and was one of the 
Representatives of the Borough of Trim in the Parlia- 
ment of 1689. 

In 1605, Robert Nangle obtained a grant or con- 
firmation from King James of the Manor and Castle 
of Ballysax, with divers lands and tithes in the 
Counties of Kildare and Tipperary, * in due acknow- 
ledgment,' as was recited in the patent, of his wounds 
and losses sustained in his several services of extra- 
ordinary merit to the Crown. He was, however, 
attainted in 1642, together with Matthew Nangle, 
also styled of Ballysax, Roland of Ardrass, Peter of 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 443 

Naas, clerk ; Thomas Nangle, otherwise Baron of 
Navan, and Jocelyn Nangle of Kildalkey (the younger 
brother of the above Captain Walter). In 1646, 
Roger Nangle, styled of Glynmore, was of the Con- 
federate Catholics in the Supreme Council. On this 
Army List, besides the Nangles in this Regiment, 
Robert Nangle is mentioned by Mr. O'Callaghan as 
having been a Major in Tyrconners Regiment. He 
was killed near Raphoe in the skirmishes that pre- 
ceded the siege of Derry. Walker, in his Diary of 
the siege, writes (p. 62) that " Major Nangle was 
drowned coining over at Lifford." The Inquisition of 
Attainder on said Robert Nangle bears date in Sep- 
tember, 1694, and finds him seised of various estates 
in the County of Westmeath. In King James's New 
Charters, John Nangle was appointed Portrieve in that 
to Navan, while Walter was one of its Burgesses. In 
another to Trim, Walter, Greorge, and Edward Nangle 
were Burgesses, as was Walter in a third to Athboy. 

Sir Richard Nagle before aUuded to (p. 147), where 
the present notices should have been introduced, is 
mentioned by Lord Clarendon * as " Richard Nangle, 
a lawyer, a Roman Catholic, and a man of the best re- 
putation for learning as well as honesty amongst the 
people f and when, in May, 1686, he was ap- 
pointed one of King James's Council, Lord Claren- 
don, in a letter to the Duke of Ormond, thus com- 
mented : " I do a little wonder to find Mr. Nan- 
gle's name among them, though he be a very honest 

* Singer's Corresp. of Ld. Clarendon, v. 1, p. 273. 


and able man. Yet it is very extraordinary to 
have a practising lawyer a Privy Councillor ; and 
will not be very decent for him to follow his practice 
or to quit his profession ; I believe he will not like it. 
I am sure he had no mind to be a judge, and I believe 
he will be as little pleased with this preferment.''* 
Again, " I have not heard it was yet ever done but to 
Sir Francis Bacon, when he was Attorney-General ; 
and to satisfy his ambition by the credit he had with 
the Duke of Buckingham, or rather by importunity 
he was made a Privy Councillor, but never appeared 
afterwards in Westminster Hall, unless the King's 
business required him.^f Nangle (Nagle) declined 
the honor, and the King accepted his resignation. 

The Attainders of 1691 comprise the above Walter 
and Greorge, together with Edward Nangle of Kil- 
dalkey, Francis of Harberston, John of Navan, Gerald 
of Mayne, Piers of Kilmihill, and Robert Nangle, all 
of the County of Westmeath. At the Court of 
Chichester House, Walter Nangle claimed and was 
allowed an estate tail in Meath lands forfeited by the 
above Captain Walter, as did Margaret Nangle her 
jointure off said estate, and also off Walter's West- 
meath estates ; while Penelope Nangle claimed a 
jointure and her son Robert (a minor) an estate tail 
in the Westmeath lands of Robert Nangle. A great 
portion of Captain Walter Nangle's estate in Meath 
was aft;erwards sold to John AsgiU of Dublin, as were 

* Singer's Corresp. of Lord Clarendon, vol. 1, p. 411. 
t Idem. p. 417. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 445 

Robert Nangle's estates in Westmeath to the Hollow 
Swords Blades' Company. 


The name of Segrave or Sedgrave is of record in 
Ireland from the time of Edward the Second, their 
chief seat being early recorded as at Killeglan in the 
County of Meath. See further of this name post^ at 
Captain Francis Segrave, in Sir Maurice Eustace's 
Infantry. In a confirmatory grant of 1668, of lands 
and premises in various counties to Charles Viscount 
Fitz-Harding, the rights of John Segrave to certain 
houses and plots within the Manor of Rathmore were 
especially saved, and he may possibly be the above 
Captain, afterwards attainted as of Cabra, County of 
Dublin, and Burtonstown, County of Meath. He was, 
however, adjudged within the Articles of Limerick. 
Besides this Captain John, there appear on the Army 
List said Francis, a Captain, and Laurence Segrave, 
his Lieutenant, in Sir Maurice Eustace's Infantry. 
The attainders of 1691 present the names of the 
above Captain and John Segrave, with those of 
Gilbert and Nicholas Segrave of Ballyhack, County of 
Meath, and Francis Segrave of Fryarstown and of 
Rosberry, County of Kildare. 



The O'MuUedy's were an ancient sept of the King's 
County and We«tmeatli, located near Gany-Castle. 
In 1447, Cornelius O'Mulledy succeeded to the See of 
Clonfert, wlience in the following year he was trans- 
lated to that of Emly . The only individual of the name 
attainted in 1642 was styled Patrick 0' * Mulhuiy, 
Baronet, of Ballinver, County of Meath. A letter is 
extant of the 10th of August, 1690, from the Wil- 
liamite Colonel Wolseley to Secretary Southwell, 
' from the camp near Mullingar ;' in which he says, 
'' We had advices from Colonel Babington that 2,000 

of the enemy were got together at Tyrrelspass, 

they advanced with about 1 20 Horse, ' who' our men 

charged and broke ; the night came upon us or 

else we had done great execution; as it was, we killed 
between 80 and 100, and have taken prisoners tliree 
of the greatest rogues amongst them, viz. Andrew 
Tuite, James Ledwich, and Redmund Mulledy, late 
Sheriff for King James. They are no soldiers nor 
have any commission for what they do, and therefore 
I have a great mind to hang them if His Majesty will 
either give orders for it or say nothing about it, but 
leave me to myself ; for I am well assured that an 
Irishman is to be taught his duty only by the rod. 
Tuite's father holds out a garrison now in an island 
within two miles of this place. I conceive the whole 
number of this party were about 1,000 ; one Nugent, 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 447 

the present SheriflF for King James, headed them/** 
Dean Story reports the transaction as that " one 
Mulledy, late High SheriflF of Longford, got at least 
3,000 of rabble or such like near Mullingar, where 
they hectored and swaggered for some days," adding, 
that Colonel Wolseley fell in with the party and killed 
about thirty of them, " High SheriflT Mulledy being 
wounded and never since able to raise such a ^ posse 
comitatus.^^ Those of this name attainted in 1691 
were the above Anthony Mulledy, described as of 
Bobertstown, Knight ; Redmund Mulledy of Grange- 
more, and Hugh Mulledy of Rathwyre, in the County 
of Westmeath ; John Mulledy of Dublin, and John 
Mulledy of BaDintobber, County of Mayo. The estates 
of Redmund and Hugh Mulledy, comprising the 
Lordship of Rathwyre and various other lands, &c., 
in the County of Westmeath, were sold by the Com- 
missioners of Forfeited Estates to Chichester Phillips 
of Drumcondra, County of Dublin, and a larger 
proportion to Robert Pakenham of Bracklyn. Those 
of the above Captain Sir Anthony lay in the Baronies 
of Dunboyne and Ratoath, County of Meath. 


This name is of Irish record from the time of Edward 
the Second. Several links in the pedigree of Arun- 
dells of Main, in the County of Limerick, in the 17th 

* Clarke's MSS. Correspondence, Trin. Coll. liby. Lett. Ixxxiii. 


century, are given in a genealogical manuscript in 
Trinity College, Dublin (F 3, 27). In the Munster 
war of 1600, Paul Arundel was a Captain in Lord 
Audley's Regiment of Infantry. The Attainders of 
1642 present the names of Garret Arundel and Garret 
Oge Arundel, both described as of Aghdullane, County 
of Cork. Lord Henry, the third Baron Arundell of 
Wardour, who was one of the persons committed to 
prison in 1678 on the information of the infamous 
Titus Gates, after suffering five years' incarceration, 
was released, and on King James's accession to the 
throne was sworn of the Privy Council. In the fol- 
lowing year he was constituted Lord Keeper of the 
Privy Seal, and honored with the order of the Bath. 
In the will which King James executed at Whitehall, 
on the eve of his abdication, 17th November, 1688, 
he appointed this nobleman the adviser of his Queen, 
and he is one of the witnesses to the instrument. 
Gn that King's departure. Lord Arundel, retiring 
from public life, secluded himself at Breamore in 
Wilts, where he died 28th December, 1694.* The 
above Captain Arundel fell at the battle of the Boyne.f 


The Attainders of 1642 name amongst the forfeiting 
proprietors Francis Wafer of Gyanstown, County of 

Burke's Peerage, p 36. f Clarke's James II. v. 2, p. 399. 


Meath, and those of 1691 have the same name as of 
Castletown in said County. 


Though this name is of Irish record since the time of 
the Tudors, nothing worthy of notice connected with 
this individual has been discovered- 


The OTahys were an ancient sept of the County of 
Galway, while the only notice attainable here is of an 
Adjutant Fahy, who, according to Walker,* was 
killed at Derry. 


This was the name of a clan tributary to the O'Bryan, 
yet in the time of Elizabeth so influential, that in 
Clare, Boetius ' Glanchy' was one of the Eepresenta- 
tives of that County in Sir John Perrot's Parliament 
of 1585, and was afterwards its Sheriff. The name 
of this Lieutenant does not appear on the Attainders 
of 1692, which suggests that he may have fallen in 
the campaign. Those outlawries have the names of 

* Siege of Deny, p. 86. 



Murtough and James Clancy of Knocklane, and another 
Boetius Clancy of ' Glancan/ both in said County. 


This name is of record on Irish Rolls from the time 
of Richard the Second ; and James Weldon, described 
as of Newry, was of the Confederate Catholics at 
Kilkenny in 1647. 


The Mac Brannans were chiefs of Corcaghlan, a dis- 
trict of the County of Roscommon, forming part of 
that in which is the well-known mountain Slieve- 
Ban. So early as in the year 1150, the Masters 
record the death of Maolisa Brannan, Archdeacon of 
Derry ; and in 1159 that of Branan Mac Branan, 
chief of Corcaighlann, in a battle between the O'Conors 
and O'Briens. The Kilkenny Supreme Council of 1646 
had of its Commons, John Brennan, styled of Cloyne- 


Besides this officer, a Peter ' Nihill' was Lieutenant 
in Lord Kilmallock's Infantry. On the Attainders of 
1691 are the names of James Nihill of Limerick and 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 451 

Dublin, and the above David Nihill, styled of the 
Barony of Tulla, County of Clare. In the lands of 
the latter, Laurence Nihill claimed an estate tail, but 
was dismist, while Elinor Nihill, alias Hackett, as his 
widow and executrix, sought and was allowed a third 
part of his Clare estates, as in pursuance of his will 
of 1683 ; and Robert Woulfe made a claim thereon 
for the portion of his wife Anstace, a daughter of said 
David. At the battle of Lauffield in 1 746, Lieutenant 
Nihillj of Dillon's Regiment, was killed. 


This Cambrian name is of record in Ireland from the 
time of the English invasion. In 1287 flourished 
Sir Nicholas Taaffe, whose son John Taaffe was by the 
Pope's provision consecrated Archbishop of Armagh. 
He died at Rome in 1306, after taking the mitre, but 
never saw his see.* In 1295, Richard Taaffe was 
Sheriff of Dublin, and, in 1311, a member of the Par- 
liament of Kilkenny. In 1373 and 1375, Richard 
Taaffe of Ballybragan and John Taaffe were summoned 
to Great Councils ; and in 1376, John Taaffe of 
CastJe-Lumnagh was Sheriff of Louth. In 1479, Sir 
Laurence Taaffe, the descendant of the above Sir 
Nicholas, was one of the honorable fraternity of St. 

* Ware's Bishops, p. 71. 

GG 2 


George in Ireland on its first institution ; and in 
1560, Nicholas TaaflFe of Ballybragan was Sheriff of 

In 1628, Sir John Taaffe of this family was ad- 
vanced to the Peerage by the titles of Baron of 
Ballymote and Viscount Corran, in the County of 
Sligo. His eldest son Theobald was created Earl of 
Carlingford in 1661 ; his second son Lucas Taaffe was 
a Major-General in the Irish Army during the Com- 
monwealth, was appointed Governor of Ross in 1649, 
and defended that town against Cromwell, but, being 
subsequently obliged to expatriate himself, served as a 
Colonel in Italy and Spain, whence on the Restoration 
he returned and died in Ireland.! On the Attainders 
of 1642, the only Taaffe is Laurence Taaffe, described 
as of ' Killen,' County of Meath. Cromwell's Ordi- 
nance of 1652 excepted from pardon for life and 
estate Theobald, ' Viscount Taaffe of Corran,' and 
Luke Taaffe, his brother. In 1665, by the operation 
of the Act of Settlement, the aforesaid Lucas, by the 
style of Colonel Lucas Taaffe, and Elizabeth his wife, 
were restored to the " jointure, portions, lands, &c., 
which she or any for her use had held and enjoyed f 
while Theobald his brother, the Viscount, was likewise 
restored to his estates, and directed to have and enjoy 
to him and his heirs the manors, lands, &c., whereof 

Christopher Taaffe of Bryanstown and Taaffe of 

Cockston were seised on the 23rd of October, 1641. 

♦ See Dalton's Drogheda, v. 2, p. 162. 
t Burke's Extinct Peerage. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 453 

He had likewise a i)ension of £800 per annum on 
the establishment, with other substantial marks of 
Royal favour, and died in December, 1677. His son 
Nicholas was a Colonel in this campaign, but not on 
the present Army List. In King James's Charters 
of 1697, John Taaffe was one of the Burgesses in that 
to Sligo ; as were John ' Taafe,' merchant, George, 
Peter, Nicholas, and another John in one to the 
Borough of Ardee. 

Besides those of the name in this Regiment, Nicho- 
las Taaffe was a Cornet in Tyrconnel's Horse, and 
Thomas Taaffe a Quarter-Master in Sarsfield's. At 
the siege of Derry, a Major John Taaffe, who was 
brother to the Peer of Carlingford,was killed at Penny- 
burn Mill. In King James's Parliament of Dublin 
sat in the House of Peers Nicholas, Earl of Carling- 
ford, who was soon after despatched as a confidential 
envoy to the Emperor Leopold ; from which embassy 
returning, he in the following year commanded a Regi- 
ment of Infantry at the Boyne, where he fell heading 
a charge. He had married, but left no issue ;* 
whereupon his honors devolved upon his brother 
Francis Taaffe, the celebrated Count Taaffe of the Ger- 
manic Empire ; he ranked there a Marshal, and when 
he succeeded to his honors in his native land, was, by 
a special clause in the acts of William and Mary, 
saved from the consequences of outlawry and attain- 
der. He was Colonel of the Royal Cuirassiers under 
the Emperor, and Lieutenant-General of the Horse 

* Archdall's Lodge, v. 5, p. 296. 

454 KING James's irish army list. 

(see of him fully in O'CallagharCs Irish Brigades, 
vol. 1, p. 370, &c.) After the disastrous day at the 
Boyne, Mr. TaaflFe, 'the Duke of Tyrconnel's chaplain/ 
"a very honest and discreet clergyman,"* was one of 
those who strongly laboured to persuade his discomfited 
Sovereign to fly from Dublin. The Attainders of 
1691 contain the names of the above Christopher 
Taaffe, styled of Steplienstown ; five others in the 
County of Louth ; and one, Francis Taaffe of Bally- 
mote, County of Sligo. At Chichester House, a 
Theobald Taaffie claimed and was allowed the benefit 
of sundry mortgages affiecting the Louth and Sligo 
estates of Lord Carlingford. Of the services of Taaffe's 
Brigaded Regiment, see 'OConar's Military Memoirs, 
pp. 251-2 and 262. 


This family is of record here from the time of Edward 
the Second, having come, from Devonshire, where 
Bathe House was long the designation of the locality 
of its settlement. In Ireland the name first ap- 
pears in the person of Simon Bathe, a proprietor of 
lands in the County of Limerick at the commence- 
ment of the fourteenth century. In 1327, Richard 
de Burgo, Earl of Ulster, having recently died in- 
debted to the King, Matthew de Bathe was commanded 
on his allegiance and under heavy penalties, to take 

* Clarke's James II. v. 2. p. 402. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 455 

into his custody and care all money and jewels, silver 
vessels, and all other the goods and chattels of the said 
Earl, and them safely to keep until he received the 
Royal commands. This Matthew continued a confi- 
dential subject of King Edward, and of his successor 
Edward the Third, the latter having in 1333 granted 
to him the manor of Rathfay in the County of Meath, 
with the advowson. In 1381, Thomas Bathe, clerk, 
was appointed Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, 
in which year he had an allowance of £6 for his 
expences as a Commissioner, in levying the forfeited 
two-thirds oflF lands of absentees. In four years after, 
he had a Treasury order for his expences on passing 
over to England, to acquaint the King with the state 
of Ireland ; and in 1393 was one of the Lords Justices. 
By an unprinted stSLtntQ of the Parliament of Drogheda 
in 1640, (c. 9), it was enacted that Thomas Bathe, 
Knight, 'who pretends to be Lord of Louth,' shall ap- 
pear in court on a certain day or be out of the King's 
protection ; and it was further thereby ordered that 
said Thomas Bathe shall never have place in the Par- 
liament of this land, nor shall enjoy any office therein 
under the King's grant. His lands in Louth appear 
to have been thereupon seized as forfeited ; but a sub- 
sequent act of the same session (c. 21) restored John 
Bathe of Ardee, who seems to have been his son or 
relative, to certain messuages, lands, and tenements in 
Dromisken, Dundalk, and other places in the County of 
Louth, which were kept from him under order of forfei- 
tures. In 1533, William Bathe of Dollardstown was 
Yice-Treasmer "^ '" ' soon afterwards at- 


tainted. In 1535, James Bathe of Drumconrath was 
appointed Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer; when 
he fixed his residence in the fine old Castle of Drym- 
nagh near Dublin, whose ruins are still interesting.* 
In 1554, John Bathe of Drumconrath and Athcarne 
was appointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in 
Ireland. In 1564, his son and namesake was Attor- 
ney-general for Ireland, and afterwards Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, and his daughter Eleanor was married 
to Nicholas NetterviUe, who in 1622 was created the 
first Viscount Netterville of Dowth. In 1581, Wil- 
liam Bathe was constituted a Justice of the Common 
Pleas ; and, in the Parliament convened by Sir John 
Perrot in four years after, Thomas Bathe was one of 
the Representatives for Dundalk. * A note (of about 
this period) of persons born in Ireland but residing 
beyond seas 'f has the names of Luke Bath, a Capuchin 
friar in Cologne ; William Batlie, a Jesuit in Sala- 
manca ; and John Bath, a Knight of Malta (^ as is 
reputed') at the Court of Madrid. In 1611, King 
James granted to John Bathe of Balgriffen, County of 
Dublin, the manor, &c. of Balgrifien, to hold by the 
service of a rose on St. John's day, with various other 
lands and premises in the Counties of Kildare, Meath, 
Westmeath, and the City of Dublin. The Act of 
1612, for the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his 
adherents, included John Bathe of Dunalong, County 
of Tyrone, and John Bath, late of Drogheda, merchant. 

• See D' Alton's County of Dublin, p. 700, &c. 
t MSS. in Triu. Coll. Dub. (E. 3, 8, f. 46.) 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 457 

In 1641, James Bathe of Athcame was one of the 
gentry of the County of Meath, who assembled at the 
Hill of Crofty to parley with Roger Moore and his 
adherents of Ulster. He was consequently attainted 
in the following year, with Robert Bath of Killussy^ 
County of Kildare ; William and Robert Bathe of 
Clonturk, County of Dublin, and Patrick Bathe of the 
ancient inheritance of Rathfay, County of Meath. In 
the Commons of the Supreme Council at Kilkenny 
sat Peter Bathe Fitz-Robert, late of Dublin, Peter 
Bathe of Kilkenny, Robert Bath of Clonturk, and 
Robert Bath, late of Dublin. This Peter Fitz-Robert 
forfeited Athcame Castle, which was thereupon granted 
to Colonel Grace in 1673. Before the Act of Ex- 
planation in 1665, Sir Luke Bathe was ordered to be 
restored to his estate, and to those which his deceasedf 
father James Bathe had held on the 22nd of October, 
1641, with certain exceptions. The Attainders of 
1691 included Christopher Bathe of Knightstown, 
Michael and James Bathe of Lady-Rath, Peter Bathe 
of Ashbourne (where he seems to have lived after the 
previous loss of Athcarne) Andrew Bathe of Drogheda, 
merchant, and Edward Bathe of Painstown, County 
of Louth. At Chichester House, James Bathe, a 
minor, by Stephen Bath his guardian, claimed under 
settlement of November, 1694, an estate for life to 
himself with remainders in tail to his sons, (aft;er the 
death of Peter Bathe and Mary his wife,) in the 
County of Meath lands theretofore forfeited by Chris- 
topher Bathe ; while Elizabeth Bathe, the wife of said 


Christopher, claimed also an estate for her life therein, 
after the death of said Peter. On the subsequent sale 
of Athcarne Castle and its lands by the Trustees of 
the forfeited estates, it appeared that, having been for- 
feited as before mentioned by Peter Bathe, it vested 
on mesne assignment in King James, when Duke of 
York, and was then sold by the Trustees, as his private 
estate, to Thomas Somerville of Dublin, subject to a 
lease (allowed by the Commissioners) to Greorge Ayl- 
mer, Launcelot Dowdall, Esqs. and Dame Cicely 
Bath, for 99 years, from January, 1668, at a pepjier- 
corn rent. 


This officer is described in his attainder as of a local- 
ity in the County of Kildare, that took its name of 
Tippcrstown from the family. Francis Tipper was 
also a Lieutenant in Sir Maurice Eustace's Infantry, 
and a William Tipper appeal's to have been at the 
same time attainted in this County, on whose estates 
there, another William claimed an estate for life with 
remainders in tail to his sons. 


A Charles Skelton also appears on this List a Lieu- 
tenant in Colonel John Parker's Horse, yet neither of 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 459 

these names appears on the Attainders of 1691, which 
comprise only John of Dublin, Bevil Skelton of Dub- 
lin, and Maria Skelton, alias O'Brien his wife. In 
1689, July the 1st, a Lieutenant-Colonel Skelton is 
recorded as having been joined in commission with 
Colonel Dominick Sheldon, to conclude a treaty with 
the garrison of Derry on that day. In a genealogical 
manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin, are links of a 
pedigree of the Skeltons of the County of Limerick 
for five generations. 


None of this name appear on the Attainders, and it 
would seem rather of the opposite politics. In 
1673, John Povey, Knight, and theretofore Baron of 
the Exchequer in Ireland, was appointed Chief Jus- 
tice of the Kings Bench ; and in 1702, Richard 
Povey was appointed principal Serjeant-at-arms. 
The connections of this Lieutenant are, however, 
wholly unknown. 


One of this name was an Ensign in Fitz-James's In- 
fantry. Three Morgans were attainted in 1642. At 
the battle of Newberry, fought in 1643, a Colonel 
Morgan was killed on the Royalist side ; while at 


Aughrim fell a Lieutenant-Colonel of the name.* 
The Morgans attainted in 1692 were Joseph of Cooks- 
town, and Edward of Drogheda, merchant. 

Nothing has been ascertained of him or his family. 


The family of Touchett came into England with the 
Conqueror, as recorded on the Roll of Battle Abbey, 
and in the Chronicles of Normandy. In 1405, John 
Touchett was summoned to Parliament in England as 
Lord Audley ; his great grandson James Audley was 
attainted in the time of Henry the Seventh, but his 
son was restored to his rank in 1513, and his great 
grandson, George Lord Audley, took up his residence 
in Ireland, where in the year 1610, in consideration 
of an annuity or rentcharge of £500 English secured 
to him for his life, he assigned " to Sir Mervyn 
'Tuchett,' Knight, his son and heir apparent, his 
whole estate in Ireland, to hold to him thenceforth in 
fee, together with aU his stock of cattle and com, and 
all other goods and chattels in Ireland, reserving to 
his Lordship some chattels and household stufi^, and 
he, said Sir Mervyn, paying to Sir Ferdinando Tuchett, 

* Story's Impartial Histoiy, pt. 2, p. 138. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 461 

Knight, second son of said Lord Audley, an annuity 
of one hundred marks in the Middle Temple Hall, 
London ; and being bound after his Lordship's death, 
to convey over to the said Ferdinando the fee of lands 
in England or L:«land, to the clear yearly value of 
£100 sterling.* Lord George was in seven years 
after advanced in the Irish Peerage to the dignities 
of Baron Oriel and Earl of Castlehaven. His grand- 
son, James Touchet, Earl of Castlehaven, during the 
civil wars of Ireland commanded under the Duke of 
Ormonde, and in 1649 was chosen General of the 
Irish forces. He and his brother were therefore, in 
Cromwell's Ordinance of 1652, excepted from pardon 
for life and estate. His son Mervyn, Earl of Castle- 
haven, was of the Peers in King James's Parliament 
of 1689, and had a pension of £500 per annum^ 
charged on the establishment of 1687-8. Mervyn's 
son James, afterwards the Earl, is possibly identical 
with the above Ensign James. 

Nothing known of him or his family. 

* Rot. Pat. Jac. 1, Cam. Hib. This Lord and his Lady had a 
grant in 1612, of various lands in the County of Armagh, as 
had the said Sir Mervyn of yet more in the Coimty of Tyrone, 
to hold subject to the conditions of the Plantation of Ulster. 



Some, who write of the battle of the Boyne, allege that 
the death of the Duke of Schomberg, while passing 
that river, was caused by a shot from OToole, ' an 
exempt of the King's Guard,' and affect to call this 
guardsman Sir Charles Toole; but the name of this only 
Toole in tlie Infantry Guards would lead to an infer- 
ence of his identity with the transaction. The very 
ancient sept of the O'Tooles were independent Princes 
of Imaile and Cuolan, in the wild mountain district 
forming a moiety of what had been in the time of 
James the First reduced to English government, and 
erected into tlie County of Wicklow. They constituted 
one of the septs that were eligible to the dignity of 
Kings of Leinster, and their territory formed the 
Diocese of Glen-da-lough, whose bishops and abbots 
they exercised the prerogative of appointing, down to 
1497, when it was united to the Archiepiscopal See 
of Dublin. A few years before the English Invasion, 
Laurence O'Toole, afterwards canonized, was advanced 
from the Abbacy of Glendalough to the Archbisliopric 
of Dublin.* The death of his father is recorded by 

the Masters at 1164. In 1308, the infamous 

Piers Gaveston diverted the interval of his official 
exile to Ireland, in penetrating the country of the 
OTooles, wliose stronghold at Castle-Kevin he is 

• See of this illustrious Prelate, fully, D'Altoii's Archbishops 
of Dublin, p. 51, &c. 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 463 

reported to have stormed, afterwards laying his offer- 
ings, as of atonement, at the shrine of St. Kevin in 
Glendalough. In 1327, David OToole, then Captain 
of the Sept, was taken prisoner by Sir John de 
Wellesley, ancestor of 'the Duke/ In 1366, the Lord 
Deputy made a treaty with Hugh OToole, then the 
Captain, whereby he agreed to allow-that chieftain a 
stipend in the nature of black mail, to secure the Pale 
from the predatory incursions of his followers.* This 
policy of bounty was in the history of the Pale so 
frequently necessitated for its security, that an Act 
of the Irish legislature (28 Hen. 8, c. 11) was passed 
" for restraining tributes given to Irishmen." In 
1396, say the Four Masters, " the English of Leinster 
were defeated by O'Toole with great slaughter." It 
was on the occasion of this continued foray, that 
Roger Mortimer, then Earl of March, King Richard's 
Vicegerent in Ireland, and the heir presumptive to the 
English Crown, was surprised, defeated, and slain. 
Therefore it was, and with the object of chastising 
* the insolence of the Irish,' and avenging the death 
of Mortimer, that the English Monarch undertook his 

second journey to Ireland; ^but to raise another 

patriot hero in ArtMacMurrough, for the veneration of 
that country, and to consummate his own dethronement. 
In 1497, Sir William Wellesley of Dangan, the lineal 
descendant of the aforesaid John, who had done such 
active service against the OTooles, was fain to espouse 
one of this denounced Sept, Matilda OToole, having 

* Mason 8 Irish Parliaments, p. 22. 


first, as was necessary, obtained a Royal letter of 
licence, dated the 30th of May in this year, whereby 
she and their heirs were admitted to the benefit 
of English laws and English liberties, and thus 
exempted from the many penal statutes then in force 
against alliances with the native Irish. It is singular 
that pedigree compilations omit to mention this mar- 
riage ; but, while the licence is of record in Chancery, 
the fact is yet more assured by a patent of 1506, 
whereby King Henry the Seventh pardoned Patrick 
Hussey and 'Maw' O'Toole, his wife (lately the wife 
of Sir William WeUesley of Dangan)^ for their inter- 
marrying without having first obtained the Royal 

Spencer in his ' View of Ireland ' characterizes the 
OTooles and O'Bymes as ' the two mischievous clans 
that inhabited the glyns of Wicklow.' The Four 
Masters are very full in the particulars of the 
OToole's resistance to subjugation, especially in 1580. 
In the time of James the First, however, O'Toole, ' the 
Lord of Imaile,' furnished to military muster 24 
horsemen and 80 Kerns; yet were many of the Sept 
then attainted, as were in 1642 no less than twenty- 
four CTooles, great proprietors in Wicklow. In the 
Irish Parliament of 1689, Francis Toole sat as Repre- 
sentative of the Borough of Wicklow, while on the 
List of Colonels prefixed to the present Army List 
the name of Francis Toole appears, Colonel of an In- 
dependent Company of Fusiliers ; but, as he is 
omitted in the subsequent details, the memoir of the 

THE king's regiment OF INFANTRY. 465 

name should be attached to Ensign Edward. The 
forfeitures of 1691 exhibit but six OTooles as of 
Wicklow, and one in each of three other Counties, 
Carlow, Kildare, and Wexford. Several of this name 
were afterwards distinguished officers in the Irish 
Brigades serving in France and Spain ; and in 1719, 
Captain OToole, with Colonel Wogan of the Rathco% 
line, and two others of the Irish Brigade in the 
service of the latter power, succeeded in carrying oflf 
Maria-Clementina Sobieski, (grand-daughter of the 
celebrated John Sobieski, King of Poland, who 
defeated the Turks before Vienna), then betrothed to 
James the Third, as the Pretender was styled by 
them. They effected her liberation from the Castle of 
Inspruck in the Tyrol, where she had been detained 
for some previous months by command of the Emperor 
Charles VI. at the instance of George the First. 
From hence they brought her in disguise to Monte 
Fiascone within the Pope's dominions, where James 
himself met her, and their marriage was celebrated. 
The Pope, on their repairing to Rome, received the 
gallant officers most cordially, and created them 
Knights of the Holy Roman order.* 


NOTHINO has been ascertained of him or his connec- 

466 KI5G iA3r£S S lUSH AUfT LIST. 



TlMCo;abel Anthocj Coicoan. 

JaiBM XajKt, 


Jolm Talbot. 

[Jainea Gibbet, Snd 3UJ9r.] 

Dtaiel O'Han. Kcue O'Ein. Connick O'HflB. 

JohnSUmky. Andrew Dnfie. 

KicfaolM HsTokL BMtbolomev HarroM. Fnncis Wairen. 

Ednnmd Marpbj. LAwrcnoe DnSe. Cbaiiea Saoden. 

Maorioe Fitzgerald. 

Jaam Gibbom. > 

Anthanj Gcoghegan. 

Sienr da Ptmtt, Walter Planketi. 


This Officer, says Colonel O'Kelly^s narrative,* was 
one of these deputed by Tyrconnel, during his absence 
from the government on attendance at St Germains, 
t() guide and advise the young Duke of Berwick. He 
was the brother as well of General Richard Hamil- 
ton who was taken prisoner at the Boyne, as of the 
accomplished Colonel Anthony Hamilton who fought 
against the Enniskilleners, and wrote the well-known 
* Memoirs of Grammont.' The above Colonel John 

* O'Callaghan^s Macaria Exddium^ p. 88. 


ranked as a Major-General and a Brigadier at Augh- 
rim, where he was taken prisoner * O'Conor, in his 
Military Memoirs^ (p. 143), says that this General 
was with a force detached to the aid of besieged 
Limerick, too late for its last struggle ; the enemy 
were in possession of the ramparts, and drove back 
the designed relief to their camp. 


Of the noble Sept of O'Hara the Chief was Lord of 
Luigne, in the County of Sligo, a territory which 
comprised the present Barony of Leney with parts of 
those of CosteUo and Gallan. At so early a period as 
1023, the death of Donagh O'Hara, Lord of Luigne, 
is noted by the Four Masters ; as is the death of 
Duncan O'Hara, Lord of the Three Tribes of Luigne, 
in 1059. From which period the succession of their 
Tanists or Captains is set down with singular exact- 
ness to a comparatively recent date, in a venerable 
Irish manuscript entitled the * Book of the O'Haras.' 
By one of these Chiefs, Keane O'Hara, Templehouse 
was erected early in the fourteenth century, within 
their principality, and on the site of an ancient 
foundation of the Knights Templars. The Abbey of 
Court, whose ruins are still discernible, was soon 
after founded by another of the O'Haras. The above 
Officer, €aptain Daniel was, it will be seen, of an An- 

♦ Story's Impartial Hist., pt. 2, p 187. 

nn 2 


trim branch of the family, of whom in 1608, in awe 
of the Plantation system, Cahill O'Hara, John Oge 
O'Hara, John Grome O'Hara, and Donnel O'Hara 
sought and obtained patents of pardon and protection. 
Of these, Cahill in 1612 obtained a patent for holding 
a weekly market at Crebilly, with right of pie powder 
and the usual tolls.* In 1627, Cormac O'Hara was 
Sheriff of the County of Antrim. A Manuscript 
Book of Obits in Trinity College, Dublin, supplies 
links in the pedigree of this northern family for five 
generations. Besides the above Captain Daniel, 
Keane his Lieutenant, and Cormick O'Hara his 
Ensign, who in their attainders are described as of 
Loghdale, County of Antrim, there are upon this 
Army List, another Cormack O'Hara, Captain in 
Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's Infantry, in which Arthur 
O'Hara of Farris in said County was a Lieutenant, 
and Manus O'Hara an Ensign ; while in Colonel 
Dominick Browne's, John O'Hara, son of Thadeus 
O'Hara of Crebilly, was a Lieutenant. All these 
were consequently attainted in 1691, with tihe ad- 
dition of Roger O'Hara of Montagh, in the County 
of Sligo. 

In 1692, Sir Charles ' Hara ' and others obtained a 
patent grant from King William and Queen Mary for 
lighting Dublin with convex lamps.f A Charles Hara 
was afterwards wounded at the battle of Landon.J 
The name of O'Hara was subsequently ennobled in 

• Rot. Pat. 9, Jac. 1, in Cane. Hib. 

t Harris's MSS. Dub. Soc. v. 10, pp. 9, &c. 

\ Rawdon Papers, p. 379. 


the person of James O'Hara, created in 1721 Baron 

of Kilmaine.* In 1744, Captain O'Hara, of an Irish 

Brigade in Prince Charies-Edward's service, was, with 
Captain O'Brien, taken prisoner at Harwich by an 
order from Lord Carteret. They had arrived there 
with the intention of crossing to Holland, but were 
carried back in custody to London. Brigadier-Gene- 
ral O'Hara was distinguished in the American war of 
1781, and was wounded in an engagement near 
Deep River, where the Americans were commanded 
by General Greene. He was, however, ultimately 
obliged with Earl Comwallis to surrender at York- 
town. In 1793, a General O'Hara was taken 
prisoner in the attack on Toulon.f 


This name is of record in Ireland from the earliest 
introduction of the English Government. In 1385, 
Sir John Stanley was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, as 
he was four several times after. He it was who, on the 
forfeiture of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, 
obtained a grant in fee from the Crown, of the Isle of 
Man with all its regalities and franchises, to hold by 
homage and the service of two falcons, to be rendered 
to the filing, his heirs and successors, on the days of 
their coronation. He was . afterwards constituted 

* Crossl/s Peerage, p. 260. t Gent. Mag. ad ann. 


Constable of Windsor Castle, made a Knight of the 
Garter by Henry V. and died in 1413, Lord Lieuten- 
ant of Ireland for the last time. Sir William Stanley, 
Sir John's brother, was Lord Deputy in 1401 ; and 
in 1432, Sir Thomas, grandson of Sir John Stanley, 
was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for six 
years. About the year 1530, Sir James Stanley, of 
the same Derby stock as the before mentioned 
Stanleys, was Marshal of Ireland. A Funeral Entry 
in the Office of Arms records the death in 1636 of 
Thomas Stanley of Finnor, County of Meath, son and 
heir of Walter Stanley of same, and that he had mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Patrick Gernon of Gernons- 
town. County of Louth, by whom he had daughters. 
The above! Captain, though not of Walter's issue, ap- 
pears to have been of the Finnor family, the son of 

Edward, the third son of Stanley of Finnor, by 

Anne, daughter of Stem of Great Eccleston in 

Kent.* He had been SheriiF of the County of Dublin 
in 1688, and a resident of Swords, of whose ancient 
Borough he was constituted one of the Burgesses in 
King James's Charter of 1689. In his attainder of 
1691, he is described as of that place ; while another 
Stanley (Thomas) is located on the Outlawries as of 
Martinstown, County of Louth. 

* Genealogical MSS. Collection in Trin. CoU. Dub. (F. 8, 27.) 



This family name, introduced into Ireland on the 
Danish invasion, appears subsequently of frequent oc- 
cuirence in the records of this country. In 1302, 
John 'Harald' and Geofl&^y 'Harold' were of the 
Magnates of Ireland whom King Edward invited to 
assist him in the invasion of Scotland. In the seven- 
teenth century the Harolds were established in the 
Counties of Kildare, Wicklow, Dublin, and Limerick; 
accordingly the Attainders of 1642 present the names 
of Gerald Harold of Kildrought (Celbridge), County 
of Kildare; Richard Harold of Kilhele, Do. ; Thomas 
Harold of Coolnehamon, County of Wicklow ; and 
William of Kilmaceogue, County of Dublin. John 
Harold was one of five tried by court martial in St. 
Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, on the 18th May, 1652.* 
In 1676, Thomas Harold, ' a native of Ireland,' soli- 
cited the interference of King Charles in his behalf ; 
he having been confined in Brussels ten years *for re- 
sisting the Pope's claim as to his allegiance, and for 
his having been one of the subscribers to the Remon- 
strance of 1661. f 

Besides the above Captain, there stands on this 
Army List William Harold, a Lieutenant in Major- 
General Boiseleau's Infantry. In the Parliament of 
Dublin, Alderman Thomas Harold was one of the 
the Representatives of the City of Limerick ; he was 

* Minutes of Courts Martial during the Commonwealth, MS. 
t Catal.Soiithiralllfi| •^ ^. 

472 KING James's irish akmy list. 

consequently attainted with Walter Harold of Lime- 
rick, merchant, and the above Nicholas Harrold, 
styled of Kilmaceogue, County of Dublin, a lineal de- 
scendant of William Harrold, who was attainted in 
1642. A John Harrold, described as of the same 
locality, Irish papist, then also forfeited estates there. 
In 1787, Colonel Harrold, of the Limerick family, 
was Chamberlain to the Elector of Bavaria.* 


The Murphys, or O'Murphys, were a Sept very 
widely extended over Ireland, as even the few records 
here noted will evince. This Officer was of Kilkenny, 
in whose Cathedral are monuments to his family from 
1640 to 1741. So early after the introduction of 
surnames in Ireland as 1031, the death of Flaherty 
O'Murroghoe (Murphy), Chief of Cinel-Breaghain, in 
the County of Donegal, is recorded by the Masters, 
as is that of O'Murroghoe, Chief Sage of Leinster, in 
1127. The Attainders of 1642 name Michael 
Murphy of Balruddery, and Laughlin Murphy of 
Dunganstown ; George of St. Michan's Parish, Dub- 
lin, with Donogh and Connor Murphy of Blarney, 
County of Cork. In 1654, a Colonel of this name, at 
the head of 800 Irishmen, distinguished himself in the 
campaign in Spain. Besides the above Captain there 
appear on this Army List, in the Earl of Tyrone's 

* Ferraris Limerick, p. 850. 


Infantry, Nicholas and Michael Murphy, Lieutenants ; 
— ^in Lord Bellew's, Owen and Bryan Captains, Phe- 
lim and Denis Lieutenants, and John Murphy an 
Ensign ; — ^in Colonel Nicholas Browne's, William 
Murphy was a Captain, Maurice Murphy his Lieute- 
nant, and John Murphy Ensign. Those attainted in 
1692 were the above Captain Edmund, styled of Kil- 
kenny, with two others of the name there, seven in 
Wexford, six in Louth, four in Cork, three in Down, 
two in Armagh, and one in Waterford and Clare re- 

In the Brigades commissioned in the French 
service, of that styled the * Regimept of Charlemont,' 
commanded by Gordon O'Neill on its first formation, 
the above Captain Edmund Murphy was constituted 
Major, while a Cornelius Murphy was Major of the 
Regiment of Clancarty.* At the Court of Claims in 
1700, Maria de Margarita * de Murphjr ' claimed the 
benefit of a judgment debt affecting the estates of 
Donogh, Earl of Clancarty, but her petition was 
dismist. The Archives of Bruges record a Darby 
* Morphy,' Captain-Lieutenant in Lord Hunsdon's 
Infantry as hereafter noticed ; while in St. Donat's 
Cathedral of that City is a monument to the Reverend 
and Venerable John Albert * de Morphy,' ' of the 
Royal Sept of O'Morrough, which had given Kings to 
Leinster,' who "had been imprisoned in London, 
driven into exile, found an asylum at Bruges, where 

* 0*Conor'8 Milit. Mem. p. 199. For acbieyements of this 
name in the Brigades, see idem, p. 78. 


he was constituted ' Penitentiary ' of the Diocese, and 
died 12th November, 1745."* 


No information of him has been ascertained, nor does 
he appear on the Roll of Attainders ; those of 1642 
have two of the name, and those of 1691 three. 


TuE native Annalists of Ireland notice at a very 
early age the Sept of O'Coleman, and sometimes of 
Mac Colman, the latter as in the County of Louth, 
where the name is still of respectability. In 1206, 
say the Four Masters, died * Maolpeddar O'Coleman, 
successor of Canice (Abbot of Kilkenny), the pillar of 
piety and wisdom of the North of Ireland.' The Rolls 
of the Irish rpcords present the name from the time of 
Edward the Second. In 1642, were attainted John 
Coleman of Artaine and Patrick Coleman of Kill, 
County of Dublin, with Anne his wife. On the 
minutes of courts martial held in St. Patrick's Cathe- 
dral, Dublin, it is stated that an Ensign Coleman was 
one of those tried there on the 9th of March, 1651. 
The name does not appear at all on the Attainders of 
1691, &c. 

• Nichols's Top*, and Gen*. 1868, p. 484. 



The O'Duffs were Chiefs of Hy Cruinthain, a district 
extending round Diinamase in the Queen's County ; 
and the name is of record on the Irish Rolls of 
Chancery from the days of Edward the Third. On 
the Attainders of 1642 appear Patrick Duffe of 
Westpalstown, County of Dublin, with five other 
Duffes in the same County, three in Kildare, and one 
in Meath. At the Supreme Council of Kilkenny in 
1647, Patrick Duff, there described as of Rospatrick, 
but probably identical with the attainted Patrick of 
Westpalstown, was of the Commons.* Besides these 

Lieutenants, Duffe was a Lieutenant in Colonel 

Roger Mac Elligott's Infantry. The Attainders of 
1691 name only Thady ' Duff' of Piltown, County of 
Meath ; Thadeus Duff of Athlone, merchant ; 
Thadeus Duff, junior, of Dublin ; and Thomas Duff 
of Kilkenny, merchant. 

His connections are unknown. 

• The compiler of these lUustrations sincerely regrets the 
occurrence of assertions on prohability ; but the difficulty he has 
experienced in obtaining authentic family information precludes 
that certainty, which could be otherwise obtained, only from his 
own manuscripts, at a labour impracticable gratuitously for so 
many families. 





The Colonel. 
Edward Nugent, 

Lieut. -Col. 


Walter • TyrrelL* 

Hugh M*Mahon. 
John Satton. 

Christopher Sherlock. 
John Wogan. 

Alexander KnighUej. 

John Panter. 
William Moore. 

Le Sienr Corridore. 

Thorn. JuBtie. 

Patrick Kendelan. 

Geoige Corridons, 

Oliver Nngent. 
Lieutenant Colonel Clon- 

Ignatina Usher. 

James * Barnwell.' 

. Catalier. 

Garrett Plnnkett 
> Christopher Bellew. 

f Charles Degnent 

Bartholomew White. 


iJohn Heme. 
Claudius Beauregard. 

John Stephens. 

Walter Grace. 

Walter Usher. 

Phill Mownson. 

Daniel 0*DanieI. 

• Moigan. 

Matthew Wale. 
Francis Borre. 

Beaghan Kcndolan. 

Bartholomew Read. 
Edward Rignej. 

Oliver Grace. 


This gallant young officer was another son of King 
James by his mistress Arabella Churchill, sister of the 
great Duke of Marlborough ; he was the youngest of 
five children of that connection ; was bom in August, 


1673; accompanied his father in his flight from Eng- 
land, and after, in his expedition to Ireland ; where, 
at the age of sixteen, he was appointed Colonel of this 
Regiment, thenceforward known by his name. He 
headed it at the battle of the Boyne, but retired with 
his father immediately after to France. This his 
Regiment, which was consigned to the command of 
Nicholas Fitzgerald,* distinguished itself throughout 
the first siege of Limerick, and especially along with 
that of Major-General Boiseleau, the French General, 
at the successful resistance of the assault of the 6th 
of September, 1690, which led to the raising of the 
siege by King William. The Grand Prior was in 
i696 in France placed over the Toulon fleet designed 
to invade England, at which time O'Callaghan conjec- 
tures he was created Duke of Albemarle. In Decem- 
ber, 1702, he was appointed Lieutenant-General of 
the Marine, and in the same month died at Bagnols 
in Languedoc, aged only between 29 and 30, married, 
but without issue. Louis the Fourteenth placed the 
Court of France in mourning on his decease.f On 
the formation of the French Brigades, Fitz-James's 
Regiment was equipped as Cavalry and styled *Le 
Regiment de la Marine,' from the circumstance of the 
Lord Grand Prior having been originally designed for 
the British Navy, and his having entered the French 
on his father's dethronement, and actually distin- 
guished himself at sea under Tourville in the engage- 

* O'Callagban's Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 209. 
t Idem, p. 876. 


ment at St. Vincent against the English Admiral Sir 
Greorge Rooke in 1693.* Of this Brigaded force the 
Lord Prior was Colonel, Nicholas Fitzgerald Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel, and Edward O'Madden Major,f (the lat- 
ter had been Lieutenant-Colonel of Lord Clanricarde's 
Infantry in Ireland, as noted hereafter). It fought 
with signal bravery at Fontenoy in 1745, where it 
consisted of four squadrons, one of which, styled the 
Scotch Royals or Squadron, and the picquets of those 
of Dillon, Rothe, and Lally, were despatched from 
France to Scotland and England, to sustain the claim 
of Prince Charles-Edward. They only reached their 
destination, however, to be made prisoners of war, 
after the battle of Culloden, fought 2nd April, 1746. 
The three first squadrons of Fitz-James's Regiment, as 
it continued to be styled, and the picquets of Bulke- 
ley's, Clare's and Berwick's, had been previously cap- 
tured on the voyage in the month of October, 1745, 
and March, 1746. J A meagre list of those of the 
respective Irish Brigades killed and wounded at Fon- 
tenoy may be seen in the Gmtleniaris Magazine 
(vol. 15). In 1746, the 'Count de Fitz-James,' de- 
scribed as Major-General-Commandant, was one of the 
volunteers bound for Scotland in Prince Charles- 
Edward's service, but taken at sea ; as was also M. 
D'Arcy, his aide-de-camp, Major-General Ruth, * Briga- 
dier-General de Tyrconnel,' and eighteen other officers, 

♦ O'Callagban's Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 210. 
t O'Conor s Military Memoirs, v. 1, p. 198. 
J Idem, p. 400. 


six gunners, one corporal, one labourer, and five com- 
panies of Fitz- James's Regiment, in all 199 men. 
These were taken on board the French transport ship 
the ' Bourbon,' by Commodore Knowles ; while at the 
same time there were captured by him on board the 
' Charity ' thirteen other oflScers and four companies of 
Fitz-James's Regiment of Horse, in aU about 160 men. 


The name of Porter is of record on the Irish Rolls from 
the time of Edward the Third. The Attainders of 
1642 present of this name only Richard Porter of 
Oldbridge, County of Meath. In 1686, Sir Charles 
Porter was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland; he 
was afterwards removed for Sir Alexander Fitton, 
but was restored at the close of 1690, on the Revo- 
lution. In the Parliament of 1689, Robert Porter was 
one of the Representatives of the County of Kildare, 
as was John Porter of the City of Waterford, and 
Colonel James Porter of the Borough of Fethard, 
County of Wexford. 

The above Major, whose Christian name does not 
appear on this roll, was, it may be presumed, the 
Colonel James, Member for Fethard in 1689, as he 
was early promoted to the rank of second Lieutenant- 
Colonel in this Regiment, Dodsley having been sub- 
stituted in the Majority. He was in France at the 
time of the battle of the Boyne, on the day previous to 

480 KING James's irish army list. 

which he wrote from St. Germains to Father Warner, 
* confessor to the King in Dublin/ a letter* in which 
he says, " the dreadful fleet of France has got into 
the Channel. We may daily expect strange changes, 
and with reason ; we may expect to see our Royal 
Master in Whitehall before Michaelmas. We are 
sending a fleet of thirty frigates for Ireland : after 

such preparations, what may we not expect ?** 

When that Royal Master had fled to France, this 
Colonel Porter was made Vice-Camberlain in his 
titular Court. f The Attainders of 1691 include his 
name as of Feathard, with Patrick Porter of Kings- 
town and William of Jongiunstown, County of Meath; 
Robert Porter of Kildare, and Nicholas Porter 
of Waterford, merchant, who was Mayor of that 
city in 1689. His forfeitures consisted of premises 
in that city, all which were purchased from the Trus- 
tees by Alderman Lapp in 1703. Some links of 

the descent of the Porters of Waterford are preserved 
in a manuscript book of Obits in Trinity College, 
(F. 3. 27), deriving them from Gloucestershire. 


This family was established in Ireland at a very re- 
mote period. In 1302, Gilbert de Sutton was one of 
the Magnates of this country whom Edward the First 

♦ Southwell MSS. Catal. p. 179. "^ 

t Clarke s James IL vol. 2, p. 411. 


invited to aid him in the Scottish war. They early- 
settled in the County of Kildare, where a genealogi- 
cal manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin (F. iii. 27), 
traces links of their pedigree for five generations, in 
the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1605, John Lye, 
gentleman, servant to Queen Elizabeth, had a grant 
from her Royal successor of the towns, lands, &c. of 
Bathbride, Morristown-Biller, Relickstown, &c., par- 
cel of the estate of David Sutton in the County of 
Kildare, the patentee being bound to keep upon Rath- 
bride one able horseman, archer, or ' hargabusher,' of 
the English nation, sufficiently furnished for the de- 
fence of Ireland. Oliver Sutton was previous to this 
time seised of Richardstown in the same County. 
His heiress, Elinor, married Gerald Sutton, who sur- 
vived her, but died in 1616, leaving Gilbert Sutton 
their heir, who died in 1631. Gerald Sutton was his 
son and heir, then aged but eight years ; he was in 
1642 attainted, with Laurence and Nicholas Sutton 
of Tipper in the same County, who were a branch 
of the stock. William Sutton died seised of Tip- 
per, Barbyeston, &c. County of Kildare in 1592, 
leaving John his son and heir, who succeeded to said 
estates, which were forfeited in 1642 by the attainder 
of his son William Sutton, junior. This William was 
one of the Confederate Catholics at the Supreme Coun- 
cil of Kilkenny in 1646, and he would seem to have 
been father to the above Captain John, in whose 
favour a saving was reserved in a patent of lands in 
the County of Galway to William Clynch. He was, 



in 1691, attainted by the description of John Sutton 
of Haverston, County of Kildare, together with five 
other Suttons in the County of Wexford, and one in 
the City of Dublin. At the Court of Chichester 
House, Bridget Sutton, in 1700, claimed and was 
allowed her jointure off the Kildare estate of this 
Captain Sutton, which was sold by the Commissioners 
of the Forfeitures in 1703 to the Hollow Swords 
Blades' Company. 


This family is of record in Ireland from the time of 
the Tudors. They were located in the Barony of 
Coshmore, County of Waterford, as also in the Coun- 
ties of Tipperary, Limerick, Dublin, and Kildare. 
In 1422, the King appointed Walter ' Sherloke' to be 
Chief Sergeant of the County of Kildare, an office 
which he held for several years after. In 1431, he 
had an order on the Irish Exchequer for remune- 
rating his great labours in the County of Kilkenny 
and its marches. In 1499, James 'Sherloke' was 
commissioned to hold an assize. In 1586, an Inqui- 
sition post mortem was held of the estates of John 
Sherlock of Ballyclerihan, in the County of Cross- 
Tipperary, when it was found that, at the time of his 
death, he was seised of a castle and sundry lands and 
premises there. In 1616, Thomas Sherlock of 'the 
Naas' was one of the County of Kildare gentry impa- 


nelled to hold a siimlar post mortem inquiry as to the 
estates of Walter Wellesley of the Norragh, then 
lately deceased. This Thomas was attainted in 1642, 
as were Edward Sherlock of Blackhall in the same 
County, clerk, and George Sherlock of Wicklow, mer- 
chant. In the confirmatory patents of King Charles 
the Second to the adventurers in Waterford were 
savings of the rights of Paul, heir of Sir Thomas 

In 1684, 18th May, died Philip Sherlock of Little- 
rath, son of Christopher of that place ; he was buried 
on the 20th at Bowdingstown in the same County, 
leaving issue by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam Eustace,* the above Christopher his eldest son, 
Eustace, Robert, John, William, and Edward, his 
younger sons, and Hester and Mary his two 
daughters. The estate, having descended to Christo- 
pher, was forfeited on his attainder, subject to the 
charges which the will of his &ther created for the 
younger children. The testator^s widow intermarried 
with Nicholas Adams, while of her children by Sher- 
lock, Robert and Mary died under age, and Edward 
the youngest was long resident in Corfti.f He was a 
claimant for his portion on the family estate, as were 
his brothers John and William, and their rights were 
allowed. Besides Captain Christopher, there are on 
this List Thomas Sherlock of Blackhall, a Captain, and 
Robert Sherlock an Ensign, in Sir Maurice Eustace's 

* Funeral Entry, Berm. Tower, 
t M8S. in lianh's library, Dublin. 

* 1x2 


Infantry, evidently near relatives of Captain Christo- 
pher. Edward Sherlock of Blackhall, possibly the same 
individual who was attainted in 1642, was one of the 
Representatives of the Borough of Cloughmine in King 
James's Parliament of 1689. He was consequently at- 
tainted with said Thomas, John Sherlock of Lady's Castle, 
Laurence and Eustace Sherlock of Littlerath, all in said 
County of Kildare ; Robert Sherlock of Carlow (the En- 
sign in Sir Maurice Eustace's), and James, Pierce, and 
Balthazzar Sherlock of Ballykenny and Ballyleigh, 
County of Waterford. In 1 6 94, Thomas Sherlock, a mer- 
chant of Irfsh birth, theretofore trading in Dublin, but 
then a merchant at Rouen in France, obtained, under 
circumstances detailed in his petition, full pardon and 
liberty to return to his native country. 


Nothing worthy of note has been ascertained of 
either of these officers or their families, in connexion 
with this period. 


The O'Caendelain were Tanists of Leogaire in Meath, 
of which Donell O'Caendelain died lord in 1017, as 
did Angu9 O'Caendelain in 1085. This officer was 


of Ballynakill, County of Meath, by which description 
he was attainted with three others of his kindred 
there, Edward, Vaughan, and John Kendelan. 


In Lord Slane's Regiment of Infantry, Walter Usher 
was an Ensign, but nothing of note touching this 
period has been discovered of either of these officers. 

He appears to have been of the Galway Hemes. 


Of this name at the period it can only be said that, 
in 1690, Sir Richard Stephens was appointed a 
Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland, while a 
Thomas Stephens, described as of Ballyvaughan, 
County of Limerick, was the only one of the name 
then attainted. 




No notice of any of these officers, worthy of insertion, 
h&s been obtained. 



The Colonel 
[Count Anthony Hamil- 
ton, Lieut..Col.] 


Garret Fitzgerald. 
Philip Barry Oge. 

Dominick Terry. 
Francis Fitzgerald. 

James Fitzgerald. 

Edmund Sweeny. 

John Sullivan. 

Miles CarroU 

Lewis Moore. 

Thomas Hogan. 

Robert Fitzgerald. 

5 Walter Bryan. 
I Donogh M*Carty. 

Maurice Piers. 

John Ryan. 

John Mally. 

Edward Fitzgerald. 
Patrick LeTallin. 

Thomas Power. 
Ulick Browne. 
Charles Fitzgerald. 

Richard Condon. 
Kennedy O'Bryan. 
Thady O'Connor. 

Redmond Condon. 
Teigue M*Carty. 
Arilliam White. 

Patrick • Peiia.' 
John Ryan. 
Philip Connor. 


The native Annals, especially those of Innisfallen, 
abound in records of the patriotism and perseverance 


with which the noble Sept of the Macartys laboured 
to resist the early invasion of the Danes, until they 
were at length induced to tolerate their settling for 
commercial purposes in that province, Desmond, of 
which they were Kings. When Henry the Second 
landed at Waterford, Mac Carty, King of Desmond, 
delivered to him the keys of Cork and did homage. 
This great family was popularly distinguished into 
two branches, the Mac Carty More, of which was 
Donald Mac Carty, created Earl of Glancare by Queen 
Elizabeth ; and Mac Carty Reagh, ranked Princes of 
Carbery. Besides being Earls of Glancare, the 
Mac Cartys were subsequently at various times en- 
nobled as Barons of Valentia, Barons and Viscounts 
Muskerry, Earls of Clancarty, and in this reign Lords 
Mountcashel. In 1314, Edward the Second directed 
his especial letter missive to Dermot Mac Arthy, 
' Ditci Hibemicorum de Dessemond^ for his aid in 
the Scottish war. In Sir John Perrot's Parliament, 
the Earl of Glancare sat as chief representative of 
this Sept. In a few years after, the Desmond war 
having wasted Munster, Florence Mac Carty and Der- 
mot Mac-Donagh Mac Carty passed out of that Pro- 
vince to Spain. Florence had been previously imprison- 
ed, and during his confinement, in the enthusiasm of 
national feeling, he wrote an ' Epistle on the Antiqui- 
ties of the Irish Nation,' which is preserved in the 
MSB. of Trinity College, Dublin, (D. 3. 16). In 
1605, David Lord Barrie, Viscount Buttevant, had a 
grant from King James of various castles, manors. 

488 KixG James's irish army list. 

customs, &c. ill the County of Cork, ' the estate of 
Fineen Mac Oweu Mac Cartie, late of Iniskeen, slain 
in rebellion.' The Attainders of 1642 present the 
names of Dermot Mc Carthy, and Donell Mac Teigue 
Mc Carthy, both of Ballyea, County of Cork ; with 
the large proportion of one hundred and ten several 
Inquisitions confiscating the estates of other proprie- 
tors of the name in that County. 

At the Supreme Council held in Kilkenny in 1646, 
Donogh Mc Carty, Viscount Muskerry, was of its 
Temporal Peers ; while Charles Mc Carty Reagh, 
Dermot Mc Carty of Kanturk, and Thady Mc Carty 
of Killfallaway were of the Commons. The Viscount 
was consequently especially excepted from pardon for 
life and estate in Cromwell's Ordinance of 1652. On 
the Irish Establishment of 1687-8, this Colonel Justin 
Macarty was placed as a Major-General of the Army 
for the annual pay of £680, with an addition of 
£500 on the Pension List ; while, on the latter fund, 
Daniel Mc Carty Reagh was placed for £100 'per an- 
num. This name appears in commission in eight 
other Regiments of the present muster. In 1689, a 
Captain Mac Cartie was killed, according to Walker, 
or taken prisoner, as Mac Eenzie has it, in attempting 
to scale the walls of Derry ; while in September of the 
following year another Captain Mac Carty was taken 
prisoner at the siege of Cork by Colonel Churchill, 
afterwards Duke of Marlborough.* 

This Colonel Justin Macarty, whom O'Kelly, in 

* Story's Impartial History, pt. 1, p. 131. 


his ^ Excidium MacaricB^ styles First Lieutenant- 
General of the Irish Army, was, he says, " a man of 
parts and courage, wanting no quality fit for a com- 
plete captain, if he were not somewhat short-sighted."* 
As the best qualified officer for inspecting arms, ord- 
nance, and engineering tools, he was appointed Mus- 
ter-Master General of Artillery in Ireland, and con- 
stituted Lord Lieutenant of the County of Cork ; 
where, previously to King James's coming over, he 
took Castle-Martyr and Bandon from the possession of 
the Protestant party, and was considered to have 
suppressed their movements in two of the other pro- 
vinces.! ^^ King James's landing at Kinsale, he 
sought his information as to the state of the country 
more especially " from Justin Macarty and from Sir 
Thomas Nugent, (afterwards created Lord Riverston) 
the Lord Chief Justice. He then applied himself to 
the affairs of the Army, and gave orders to this Jus- 
tin Macarty to form seven Regiments of Foot of 
the forces raised in those quarters, as also to arm the 
Regiment of Dragoons of Sir James Cotter (Sir Fran- 
cis Carroll's on this List).J Early in May, 1689, he 
was created Lord Viscount Mountcashel and Baron 
of Castleinchy, and was introduced with that title on 
the second day of the meeting of the Parliament of 
Dublin, to the House of Peers; immediately after which 
he was constituted Commander of the forces designed 

* O'Callaghan's Excidium Macaris, p. 36. 

t Clarke's James 11. vol. 2, p. 327. t Idem. 


to reduce Eiiniskillen.* Amongst tlie Peers on tliat 
occasion sat also Donogh Mac Carty (although a 
minor) by Royal dispensation; while in the Commons 
another Justin Macarty was one of the Repi'esenta- 
tives of the County of Cork ; Charles and Daniel 
Mac Carty Reagh sat for the Borough of Bandon, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Owen Mac Carty and Daniel 
Fynneen Mac Carty for that of Cloughnakilty, and 
Florence Mac Carty was one of the Representatives of 

the Borough of Ennis. Lord Mountcashel proceeded 

under his aforesaid commission into Ulster, attended 
by three whole Regiments of Infantry, two of Dragoons, 
and some Horse ; being all the troops the King could 
draw together at that time. His Loixiship's efforts 
in that Province were, however, from the want of am- 
munition and the rawness of his soldiers, ineffective. 
In an engagement near Enniskillen, he was severely 
wounded, and, being carried into that town a prisoner, 
'* he there lay long under cure ; but, before he was ful- 
ly recovered of his wounds, he made his escape after a 
strange and wonderfid manner, to the universal joy of 
all the Irish.^t " The town of Enniskillen," writes 
Story (Impaiiial History, part 1, p. 51) "stands upon 
a lough, and the water came to the door of the house 
where he was confined, or very near it. He found 
means to cornipt a servant, and to get two small boats 
called ' cots ' to carry him and his best moveables off 
by night." This act having been represented as a 
breach of parol. Lord Mountcashel, previous to re- 

♦ O'Callagban 8 Brigades, vol. 1, p. 26. t Idem, p. 36. 


suming military duties in France, the new scene of 
his achievements, thought it necessary to submit him- 
self to be tried before a Court of Honour in that 
country, when he was fully aquitted by this tribunal. 
When the Duke of Schomberg landed at Bangor in 
the County of Down, in August, 1689, his first move- 
ment was against Carrickfergus ; to invest which he 
sent five Kegiments of Foot and some Horse, follow- 
ing on the next day himself with the remainder of 
the Army. The town was governed by Colonel Charles 
Macarty More, whose garrison consisted of his own 
Kegiment and nine companies of Colonel Cormuck 
O'Neill's. He defended the place for ten days against 
Scomberg's operations by land and sea ; nor was it 
until reduced to the last extremity, having but one 
barrel of powder left, and without any hope of relief, 
that he quitted the town, upon very honourable terms. 
" The garrison," says Story, in the first part of his 
Impartial History (p. 10), " were lusty strong fellows, 
but ill-clad, and, to give them their due, they did not 
behave ill in that siege." 

Lord Mountcashel was attainted in 1691, and 
again in 1696, on which occasion seventy-eight other 
Inquisitions of Outlawries were held on the McCartys, 
on whose confiscations various claims were preferred 
at Chichester House. 

The reader must be here reminded that, when 
James the Second was induced to attempt a landing 
in Ireland, Louis the Fourteenth agreed to send over 
thither for his service six thousand of his veterans, 
under the command of De Lausun, in exchange for as 


many young soldiers from Ireland. Lord Mount- 
cashel was appointed to head the latter, a movement 
which, Colonel O'Kelly writes, " was desired hy Tyrcon- 
nel, while Mountoashel himself, who could not endure 
Tyrconnel's haughty movement, was not displeased to 
serve France under the great Louis.*^ On the arrival 
of the Irish forces in that country, they were received 
with the most flattering and generous treatment by 
the King. MountcasheFs Regiment, having suffered 
almost annihilation in the engagement near Ennis- 
killen, was strengthened with fresh recmits before it 
could be brought out. The second Regiment sent 
out, Clare's, was commanded by the Honoumble 
Daniel O'Brian, son of Lord Clare ; the thiixi, Dillon's, 
was under the Honourable Arthur Dillon, second son 
of the Lord Viscount of that name. There were two 
other Begiments sentovorwith these, viz. Colonel Rich- 
ard Butler s and Colonel Robert Fielding's, but they do 
not appear upon this 'List ;' and were at once incorpo- 
rated in the three first. Soon after Mountcashel's 
arrival in Fmnce (1690-91), he received a commission 
from Louis, entitling him to command all the Irish 
troops taken into the French service, viz., his own, 
O'Brien's, and Dillon's ; and in a few days after was 
empowered to act as a Lieutenant-General of France, 
as he already was of England and Ircland.f In order 
at once to engage his military services, he was ordered 
to Savoy, where the French corps (Tarmee was then 
too feeble for active operations. After a mareh of 

• Excid. Mac. p. 46. t O'Callaghan s Brigades, vol. 1, p. 69. 


five hundred miles under a burning sun, to which the 
men were unaccustomed, it joined the French army 
near the capital of Savoy, towards the latter end of 
July. Lieutenant-General the Marquis of St. Ruth, 
(destined afterwards to fall at Aughrim) on the ar- 
rival of the Irish, recognised their value, and fearlessly 
approached Chantilly. Calculating on their courage 
and agility as mountaineers, he promptly ordered 
their forces to join him, with the object of driving the 
Piedmontese beyond the high Alps that separate 
Savoy from Piedmont. Nor did Mountcashel disap- 
point his expectations ; at the head of his Regiment 
he gained the defiles, burst through the abattis, carried 
the entrenchments, and forced the Piedmontese to fly 
to the summits of the mountains. M. de Salles, their 
commander, was taken prisoner, the next in command 
was killed, and several others were, in the pursuit, 
killed or taken. Mountcashel received wounds on 
this occasion, which, though he was unwilling they 
should withdraw him from service, yet ultimately 
preyed upon him to death. During the campaign of 
1691, St. Ruth's corps was embodied in the French 
armies of Piedmont and Catalonia, and shared with 
them the honor of the capture of Montmelian, the 
strongest fortress in the south of Europe ; and of Urgel 
in Catalonia, defended by a large garrison, the elite 
of the Spanish army. Clare s mounted the trenches 
at Montmelian, and Mountcashers and Dillon's at 
Urgel.* In 1692, Mountcashel's Brigade was en- 

♦ O'Conor'8 Milit. Mem. p. 100, &c. 


gaged in hrilliant services with Catiiiat on the Pied- 
montese frontier, at Guillestre, and Embrun. Nine 
battalions of his Brigarle were engaged in this service, 
with three of Clare's, two of the King's and Queen's 
Dismounted Dragoons, and two of the Queen's In- 

fantry.* In 1694, when the French army in 

Germany was commanded by Marshal Boufflers, 
Mountcashel served as a Lieut<?nant-General in the 
corps of tlie Grand Army, having under him his own 
Kegiment, consisting of thi-ee Battalions, the Dublin, 
the Charlcmont, and the Marines. Their nine Bat- 
talions, in all about 6,000 men, effected the reduction 
of Beringheim on the Necker, the only achievement 
of the French in Germany duiing this year.f In 
the campaign on the Rhine, Mountcashel acted as 
Lieutenant-General under Marshal Lorges, but the 
effects of his wounds obliged him to seek benefit from 
the waters of Barege, where he died on the 21st of 
July, 1694. He had married the Lady Arabella 
Wentworth, second daughter of Thomas, the ill-fated 
Earl of Strafford, by whom he left no issue. " His 
death made room for the advancement of Colonel 
Andrew Lee, an officer of distinguished reputation, 
who afterwards obtained the rank of Lieutenant- 
General, and by whose name MountcasheFs Regiment 
was thenceforward known.J 

In 1747, Captain Charles Mac Cartie of Buckley's 
Regiment was killed at Lauffield, as was Flory Mac 

♦ O'Conors MiUt. Mem. p. 215-16. t Idem, p. 224. 
} Idem, p. 228-9. 


Carty of Clare's ; and Lieutenant Florence Mac 
Carty of Berwick's was wounded on the same occasion. 
In 1770, died in England Charles Mac Carty More, 
a Captain in the First Foot Guards, who claimed de- 
scent from Dermot Mac Carthy, King of Cork in the 
time Henry the Second.* 


This son of Sir George Hamilton and brother of 
Count George Hamilton, both before alluded to, was 
a native of Ireland, but passed out of it to France 
during the visitation of Cromwell. On the Restora- 
tion he also returned ; and, after the accession of 
James the Second was created a Privy Councillor in 
Ireland, and made Governor of Limerick, with a pen- 
sion of £200 per annum. When the Revolution 
broke out in England he retired to France with 
James the Second, whom he afterwards accompanied 
to Ireland, and was by him appointed Colonel of a 
Regiment of Infantry, and finally Major-General of 
the forces under Lord Mountcashel designed to re- 
duce EnniskiUen ; in the progress of which expedi- 
tion he was wounded at Belturbetf He had greatly 
incensed King William by undertaking, as it was 
alleged, to persuade Tyrconnel to yield up Ireland to 

^ Exshaw's Mag. ad ann, 

t O'Callaghan's Brigades, p. 32, &c. 

490 KING James's misn army list. 

him ; adding thiit, when ho liad obtained all the con- 
fidence with which the Whigs would entrust him, he 
posted over to Ireland, and did all in his i)ower, by 
pen, intei-est, or sword, in the cause of King James. 
He was taken prisoner at the Boyne, when a sarcasm 
little worthy of majesty is said to have been applied 
to him by King William. Leland, following Dr. 
Story, says this rebuke was uttered against General 
Bichard Hamilton, who was also taken prisoner here ; 
but the ivproach (if it ever were s{x)ken) could not 
apply to the latter. By the intei-est of the Queen, on 
the representations of the Duke of Devonshire and 
" the fair Grammont," his own sister. Count Anthony 
was released from captivity, and died at St. Gkrmains 
in 1720, aged 74.* He was the well-known author 
of the ' Memoirs of Grammont,' an attractive record 
of scandalous reminiscences. It is only to be 
observed that on the present Army List the Lieute- 
nant-Colonelcy is not filled; but it was afterwards 
filled by this officer. 


Ortelk'SS map locates the 'O'Hogains' as an ancient 
Sept in Tipjxirary, in the vicinity of Nenagh. Of 
this family the Annals of the Diocese of Killaloe 
record Matthew O'llogain its Bishop in 1267, 

♦ O'Callaghan s Brigades, p. 284. 


Maurice O'Hogain in 1281, Thomas O'Hogain in 
1343, and Kichard Hogan in 1525 ; this last was 
afterwards translated to the See of Clonmacnoise, a 
short time previous to its union with Meath. The 
above officer was of Terraleague, County of Cork ; 
while there are also on this Army List, besides him 
and Thomas Hogan a Lieutenant in this Regiment, 
Murtough and Hugh Hogan, Comets in Lord Clare's 
Dragoons ; the latter was of Carnan, County of 
Clare ; and in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's Infantry, 
Daniel Hogan was a Captain, and William Hogan an 
Ensign. Of these, John and Hugh only appear on 
the Roll of Attainders in 1691. Story relates * that 
"Grace and Hogan, two Rapparee Captains, with 
eighty men surprised a castle called Camgart, within 
six miles of Birr." 


The Condons were anciently settled in the County of 
Cork; but their chief territory was, on the plantation 
of Munster, granted to Arthur Hyde, as forfeited by 
Patrick Condon, an adherent of the Earl of Des- 
mond. In the subsequent Attainders of 1642 no 
less than twenty-one Inquisitions were held on this 
name. Besides the above Captain Richard, and Red- 
mond Condon an Ensign in this Regiment, Edmund 
Condon was a Lieutenant in Colonel John Barrett's 

* Stoiy's Impartial Hist. pt. 2, p. 8. 



Infantry. The Attainders of 1691 have the names 
of John Condon of Carricknavoura, David of Bally- 
macpatrick and John his son, Garrett of Killecar and 
Redmond of Ballywilliam, all in the County of Cork. 
Captain Richaixl appears to have fallen in battle. 
His widow Julianne was an unsuccessful claimant at 
Chichester Ifouse for a life estat<3 in his Cork lands. 


This name is of record in Ireland from the time of 
the Tudors. In 1536, Dominick Terry consented to 
be appointed Bishop of Cork and Ross, by mandate of 
Henry VIII. and held the See in opi)osition to the 
Pope's nominee; while in 1616, William 'Thyrry/ 
on the latter authority, became titular Bishop thereof. 
The Attainders of 1642 have only the names of Ed- 
mund Tyrry of Clonturk, and William Tyrry Fitz- 
Dominick of Ballymaci)eriy, County of Cork. Those 
of 1691 include William and Robert Terry of 
Ballingcurry, George and John of Rathnagarde, 
Francis of Galway, and James, Patrick and Stephen 
Thyrry of Limerick. 


Tms family has been noticed ante^ p. 309 and its settle- 
ment at Tristernagh in the County of Westmeath, 


Captain William Piers of that place was an Officer 
under Queen Elizabeth in her wars of Ireland, and 
Holinshed mentions that he was the person who 
"contrived of destroying the great rebel O'Neill."* 
His great grandson, Sir Henry Piers of Tristernagh, 
drew a brief memoir of his native County, which has 
been published in VaUancejfs Collectanea Hibernica. 
In the Attainders of 1642, John Piers, described as of 
Wicklow, is the only person of this name, while those 
outlawed in 1691 were John and Turlogh Piers of 
Calwonmaine, County of Clare. In this Regiment 
Patrick Piers was Maurice's Ensign, and in Sir Neill 
O'Neiirs Dragoons, Christopher Piers was a Cornet. 


The most influential branch of this family, O'Mally or 
O'Maley, has been long established in the County of 
Mayo, where, in the reign of Elizabeth, Grace, 
daughter of Owen O'Maley, called by the natives 
Grana Uile, made her name so widely known, that in 
1576 the Lord Deputy Sidney wrote of her to the 
Council in England, as one ' powerful in gallies and 
seamen.' The renown of her Sept in maritime 
affiiirs and naval exploits is indicated in their heral- 
dic motto, ' Terra marique potens.^ Her visit to the 
Court of Elizabeth and her carrying off the infant son 
of the Lord of Howth from his father's residence have 

♦ Ware's Writers, p. 102. 



been commemorated in prose and poetry. Her 
nephew, Edmund O'Malley, born in 1579, adhered to 
the cause of Charles the First, and died at Breda in 
exile, leaving a son who was present when very young 
at the battle of Worc<3ster, and accompanied his father 
to Breda ; on the Restoration he recovered a portion 
of his ancient inherifcince. He (continues Sir Ber- 
nard Burke) attended James the Second through all 
his Irish campaigns, and died with him in exile at St. 
Germains in 1692. He married at the Court of 
Spain the daughter of Sir Christopher Garvey, a maid 
of honor to the Queen, by whom he had a son Teigue 
or Thady O'Malley, who held a commission as Captain 
of Irish Dragoons during this campaign.* 

This family was so formidable in the estimation of 
the Lord President of Munster during the war in 
that Province, that in 1601 when "intelligence 
having reached him, and letters being intercepted, 

whereby it probably appeared that the O'Mayleys 

and OTlahertys had a purpose with six hundred men 
to invade Kerry,. •..principally to disturb his Govern- 
ment, he despatched a strong body of men to do good 
service on the rebels at their passage over the Shan- 
non, which, of necessity, they must hazard before they 
could come into Munster ;''f a service which was 
effectively rendered. After the defeat of the 
Spaniards at Kinsale, when Sir Charles Wilmot was 
despatched to watch over the inhabitants of Kerry, 

* Burke's Landed Gentry, p. 964. 
f Pacata Hibernia, pp. 222-3. 


Owen O'Mayley was one of the native chiefs who, at 
the head of " 500 foot and a few horse, vainly sought 
at Lixnaw to stay his passage."* In Lord Galway's 
Regiment of Infantry, a Daniel Mally, described in 
his Attainder as of Tynehugh, County of Donegal, 
was an Ensign. With him were attainted in 1690 
Nicholas Mally of Dublin, Thady of Drogheda, mer- 
chant ; Neil O'Malley also of Tynehugh, and Patrick, 
Owen, and Darby O'Malley of Owles, County of 
Mayo. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, 
Patrick O^Malley, of the Mayo Sept, was killed in the 
Austrian service. 



CaptaMW. LimUenanU, Ensigns, 

The Colonel. 

John SheltoD, 

PhOip Bicautt, 


Alezinder Magoire. 

Walter Bntler. Gerald Fitzgerald. 

Lord Upper Oflsorj. 

Garret ' TirrelL' Edmund Porcell. Garret Dease. 

Edmimd Fitsgerald. ............ 

Donogh M*Gartj. 
Andrew Dorrington. > 
Comeline Mnrphj. { 

* PacaU Hibemia, p. 533. 



DoNOGH Mac Carty, the grandfather of this noble- 
man, was Viscount Miiskerry and first Earl of Clon- 
carty. He was General of the Irish forces of Mun* 
ster for Charles the First and Charles the Second 
against the Parliamentarian Revolutionists. When 
resistance was no longer available at home, he brought 
oif a large body of his countrymen to the Continent ; 
and, surviving the Restoration, died in London in 
August, 1665. He had by his wife, the Lady Butler, 
eldest sister of James the first Duke of Ormond, 
Charles, Callaghan, and Justin Mac Carty ; the eldest 
fell in battle about two months previous to his Other's 
decease, in the memorable sea-fight at South-hold Bay, 
where James, then Duke of York, at the head of ninety, 
eight ships of the line and four fire-ships, gained the 
most glorious victory that had ever been obtained by 
the English marine, over the naval power of Holland. 
This son of Earl Donogh was intended in Westminster 
Abbey, and, as he left no issue, the titles and estates 
devolved upon his next brother Callaghan, who had 
entered upon an ecclesiastical life in France with the 
intention of becoming a Priest ; but, on the extinc- 
tion of his elder brother's line, he became a Protestant, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of the sixteenth Earl of 
Kildare, and dying in November, 1676, left issue by her 
one son, the above Colonel, born about the year 1670, 
He was educated a Protestant by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, and bred up at Oxford, " where young 


gentlemen in those days did not a leam a compla- 
cency for popery, as they have since Sacheverel and 
his fellows have been encouraged there.''* His uncle 
Justin McCarty, without the knowledge of his 
mother, married him at sixteen years old to Mary, 
daughter of the Eari of Sunderland, who was then a 
Court favourite, and immediately sent him to Ireland. 
Smith, in his History of Cork, (vol. 1, p. 175, n.) 
details some curious particulars respecting this noble- 
man's marriage. He and his uncle warmly espoused 
the cause of King James. Early in March, 1689, the 
townspeople of Bandon fell upon its small Jacobite 
garrison under Captain Donell O'Neill, seized their 
arms, clothes, &c., and shut the gates against this 
Earl Donogh, who was advancing with a reinforce- 
ment of six companies to relieve the place.f His 
uncle, however, Lieutenant-General Justin, after 
taking precautions against any hostile rising in the 
City of Cork and its vicinity, compelled the William- 
ites of Bandon to seek pardon, open their gates, pay 
£1000 fine, and level their waUs, which have never 
since been rebuilt ; this achievement put an end to any 
opposition to James in Munster. On that monarch's 
subsequently landing at Kinsale, the Earl of Clancarty 
with Tyrconnel received him ; the former entertain- 
ing His Majesty, who " made him a Lord of the Bed- 
chamber, appointed him Clerk of the Crown and 
Peace for the Province by Letters Patent, and 

* Memoirs of Ireland (printed 1716), p. 56. f Idem, p. 23. 


created his Infantry Regiment a Royal Regiment of 

In the Parliament of Dublin, May, 1689, this Earl, 
though under age, sat as a Peer by royal dispensation. 
In 1690, being in the City of Cork when it was be- 
sieged by the Earl, afterwards Duke, of Marlborough, 
he was taken prisoner and sent off to the Tower of 
London, where he was held until the autumn of 1694, 
when he succeeded in making his escape to France, 
and there he commanded a troop of King James's 
Guards until the peace of Ryswick in 1697. In the 
following year he ventured to visit England and his 
wife, but was instantly arrested, and was only par- 
doned on condition of abjuring the kingdom ; where- 
upon he retired to Hamburgh, and, purchasing an 
island on the Elbe near Altona, made it his residence 
till his deatLf He was attainted in 1691 and 1696, 
and his forfeitures gave an immense tract of country 
to the Crown. A letter of Bartholomew Van Homrigh, 
dated 11th December, 1697, in the Southwell MSS. 
Collections, says, " the grant of the late Earl of Glan- 
carty's estates to Lord Woodstock is this night past 
the Great Seal of Ireland, so that all the said estate 
is now by law in my Lord Woodstock and his heirs 
for ever. "J The extent of the old Irish assessments 
which his ancestors levied may be judged firom a 
previous patent of King James (1608), granting to 

♦ Memoirs of Ireland, p. 24. 

t O'Callaghans Brigades, v. 1, p. 140. 

J Thorpe's Catul. Southwell MSS. p. 26. 


Sir Henry Power, Knight, Privy Councillor, all and 
singular the seigniories, chief rents, silver rents, 
customs of beeves, swine, butter, oats, beer, bran, 
honey, and all other services which belonged to Donald, 
late Earl of Clancartie, and were forfeited to the 
Crown in Kerry and Desmond counties. 

At the Court of Chichester House, the Countess of 
Clancarty claimed off all the estate of this nobleman 
* a competent maintenance,' and preferred other 
charges attaching to the same, but with no success. 
Various other claims were advanced as attaching to this 
immense territory, and some few were allowed. The 
chief purchasers of these estates from the Commission- 
ers of the Forfeitures were Alderman James French, 
Sir Richard Pyne, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas ; seventeen other private individuals, 
and, yet more, the Hollow Swords' Blades Company. 

In June, 1704, this Earl's Countess died at the 
place of his exile, leaving issue by him two sons, 
Robert and Justin. His attainder was reversed and 
his honors restored in 1721, but he never returned, 
and died at his island retreat in October, 1734,. aged 
64. His son and heir Robert resided many years at 
Boulogne-sur-mer, where he lived an Irish hospitable 
life (see Walker's Hibernian Magazine for 1796, 
p. 12, &c.), and died in 1770, aged 84, he also leaving 
two sons. The Brigade Regiment known as Clan- 
carty's was commanded by Roger Mc Ellicott (who 
had been Governor of Cork when it was taken by the 
Earl of Marlborough) ; Edward Scott was its Lieu- 

506 KING James's irisu army list. 

tenant-Colonel and John Murphy its Major. The 

late Compte de Mac Carthy Keagh collected a library, 
second in its extent only to that of the King of 
Fnmce ; no other possesse<l so large a number of 
printed and manuscript books on vellum. On his 
death, liowever, this magnificent collection, like the 
estates of the family a century previous, was scattered 
amongst strangers.* 

Nothing known of him or his connexions. 


The Mac Gilla Phadniig (Fitz-Patrick) was in the 
early period of Irish history Ruler of Ossory, a territory 
extending over the whole country between the rivers 
Nore and Suir ; and the native annals are full of their 
lineage, charitable foundations, and achievements, the 
castles they enacted, and the abbeys they founded and 
endowed. In 1314, Edward the Second directed his 
official letter missive to Donogh Mac GiDe-Patrick, 
as Chief of his Sept, for service and aid in the war to 
Scotland. In 1541, Brian Mac Gilla Phadrig was 
created Baron of Upper Ossory. His son, the second 
Baron, was the companion and favourite of Edward the 

♦ O'Callaghau's Green Book, p. 281. 


Sixth. Four letters of his to that young king, re- 
lating interesting circumstances connected with the 
war in France and Flanders, are preserved in the 
British Museum, as are two others from him to the 
Earl of Leicester, dated in 1578 and 1579 from 
Dublin Castle, where, having incurred Queen Eliza- 
beth's displeasure, he was confined a state prisoner. 
In the last letter he sought to obtain the EarFs inter- 
position with the Queen, accompanying his petition 
with a present of * a very fair hawk of a tried agree.' 
When Sir John Perrot convened the Conciliation 
Parliament of 1585, " thither went Mc Gill Phadruig 
of Ossory, namely Fingin, the son of Bryan, son of 
Fingin."* At the Supreme Council of Kilkenny 
Bryan Fitz-Patrick, Baron of Upper Ossory, was of 
the Temporal Peers ; while Florence Fitz-Patrick of 
Lisdunveamey was of the Commons. Cromwell's 
Ordinance of 1652 excepted the above Florence Fitz- 
Patrick and Colonel John his son fr*om pardon for life 

and estate. As the honors of this family are in 

abeyance, and the descent of its lines obscure, it may 
be here mentioned that in 1674, 28th January, was 
buried in the old graveyard of the Catholic aristocracy 
at St. James's, Dublin, Dr. Thady Fitz-Patrick, son 
to Teigue Oge Fitzpatrick of Akipe, son to Dermot of 
Ballyrellin, son to Teigue Oge Mac Teigue of Munni- 
drohid. This Dr. Thady married Julian, daughter of 
Pierce Martin of Galway, merchant, son of Walter 
Martin ; and had issue by her divers children, of 

* Anoals of the Four Masters, ad ann. 

508 KING James's irish army list. 

whom * survive* three sons, Patrick, John, and James, 
and two daughters. Christian and Anne, as is testified 
in a Funeral Entry in Bermingham Tower by Julian 

Martin, the widow of Dr.Thady. The aboveCaptain 

was Bryan Fitzpatrick, the seventh Baron of Upper 
Ossory, whose exploits at Mons are ftdly detailed in 
Harris's Life of William the Third.* He had a pension 
of £100 per annum from Charles the Second, which 
was on the 1st of January, 1687, continued to him by 
King James. He sat in the Parliament of Dublin, 
was attainted in 1691, and died in 1696. He had 
been married three times, but left no issue by any of 
of his wives. In the Act " to hinder the reversal of 
several Outlawries and Attainders," passed in the sixth 
year of William the Third, it was provided that the 
same should not extend to confirm the outlawries of 
the late Earl of Upper Ossory, but the same might be 
capable of being reversed in such manner as if that 
Act had never been made. On his decease his nephew 
assumed the title, but it was denied to him at law, 
and this ancient Barony has been considered thence 
extinct. At Chichester House, the Lady Dorothy 
his third wife, claimed, as Baroness Dowager of Upper 
Ossory, a long term for years in the Queen's County 
estates forfeited by her lord's attainder. Of the name 
there appear also on this *Army List,' John Fitzpatrick 
a Captain and Darby Fitzpatrick a Lieutenant in 
Colonel Edward Butler's Regiment of Infantry ; the 
former afterwards became a Major, and was taken 

* See its ludex Titles * Ossory' and ' Mons/ 


prisoner in the service. He was described in his 
attainder as * of Kilkenny/ the latter of Clooneen, 
Queen's County. A Thady Fitzpatrick, most pro- 
bably a relative of the above Dr. Thady, was in 1689 
Deputy Lieutenant of the Queen's County, and one of 
the Representatives for Maryborough in the Parlia- 
ment of Dublin. He too was attainted in 1691, but 
afterwards obtained a pardon under the Great Seal. 

Besides those before mentioned, there were also at- 
tainted in 1691 Terence Fitzpatrick of Kilbredelegg, 
Bryan of Moneydriluch and Killdeley, Redmond of 
Kilmanbought, Charles of Bamyballeragh, and Flo- 
rence of Clonaghill, all in their native County, (the 
Queen's); while Dermott Fitzpatrick was a forfeiting 
proprietor in the County of Clare. At the siege of 
Derry, a Lieutenant Fitzpatrick was killed " in the 
orchard on the other side of the walls."* On the first 
of May, 1691, "Major Wood, having notice that the 
rapparees were in great force about Brittas in the 
Queen's County, went out with 300 of my Lord 
George Hamilton's and Colonel Lloyd's Foot and fifty 
of Colonel Byerly's Horse, with which he first killed 
nigh seventy Rapparees, and, leaving part of his men 
to secure passes, he went three miles further beyond a 
place called the Togher of Malahone, having with him 
110 Foot, and 30 Horse ; but, instead of the rappa- 
rees whom only he expected, he espied two bodies of 
the Irish army said to be near eight hundred in num- 
ber. These he encountered, and afl;er several charges 

♦ Walker's Siege of Deny, p. 61. 


at different places put them to the rout, killing one 
hundred and fifty on the place, amongst whom was 
one Captain Sheales ; and he took Major John Fitz- 
patrick (before alluded to) prisoner, who commanded 
the party, and seventeen officers more, with six ser- 
geants, sixteen corporals, two drummers, and also 
eighty privates.*^ In 1693, at the battle of Landon, 
a Colonel Fitzpatrick was woundedf ; and in 1696, 
Brigadier-General Edward Fitzpatrick was drowned in 
the Holyhead packet with several other officers. The 
vessel was cast away by a violent storm near Sutton, 
on the Dublin coast. He was the elder brother of 
Richard first Lord Gowran, the son of which latter 
nobleman was afterwards created Earl of Upper 

In 1732, James Fitzpatrick was killed at the 
battle of Oran, in the Spanish service. He had 
preferred a claim to the Barony of Upper Ossory 
before the House of Lords in the previous year, but 
he was considered to have failed in his evidence, and 
the issue, which he left, did not prosecute the claim. 


He was of the House of Turbotstown, County of 
Westmeath, as was also Richard Dease, and there the 

* Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 73. 

t Rawdon Papers, p. 379. 

X Lodge's Peerage, edited by Archdall, vol. 2, p. 846. 



family still exists. They were both attainted in 
1691, as were Thomas Fitz-Laurence Dease of 
Morterstown, and Richard amd Edward Dease of 
Glanidan, in the same County. 



The Colonel. 

Paul Daly. 


Edward Maddeo.) 
Lord DiUon. )- 
Lieut Cols. } 

Richard de Bni^. 

David Dowd. 

Edmund Darcy. 

( Andrew Ljnch. 
{ Michael Madden. 


Charles Dalj. 
John Bonrke. 

Teigue 0*Kelly. 
• Luk* Talbot. 

Bryan Kelly. 
WiUiam Kelly. 

Sir UUck Bourke. 

Gerald Farrell. 

Patrick Bermingham. 

James Talhot 

Marcus French. 

John French. 

Edward Boarke. 
Hemy Crofton. 

Hugh Daly. 
Thadj Daly. 
Michael Madden. 

William Kelly. 
John Bourke. 
UHck « Bourk.' 

John Bermingham. 
William Benningham. 
John Talhot. 

John Bonrk. 

Augustin Bodkin. 

Bryan 'Bfaghan.* 

Lord Athenree. 

Ulick Bourke. 


This great family of De Burgh deduces its origin 
from Charlemagne. His descendant, Baldwin the 


Second, was father of Ilarlowen, who married Arlotta, 
the mother of William the Conqueror. His eldest 
son by her was Robert, Earl of Cornwall, who accom- 
panied his half-brother William in the invasion of 
England. The grandson of Robert was Adelm, who 
is said to have married Agnes, daughter of Louis the 
Seventh, King of France, and he was father to 
William, who married Isabella, daughter of Richard 
the Second, King of England, and widow of the cele- 
brated Llewellyn, Prince of Wales. lie founded with 
pious policy the Monastery of St. Thomas a-Becket 
in Dublin, and was father of Richard De Burgh, the 
great Lord of Connaught, Viceroy of Ireland in 1227, 
and who died in 1243, when on his passage to 
France, attended by his Barons and Knights, to meet 
the King of England at Bourdeaux. He had two 
sons, Walter, I^ord of Connaught, who, marrying 
Maud, daughter and heiress of Hugh De Lacie the 
Younger, became in her right Earl of Ulster on the 
death of his father-in-law, and who left by his said 
wife, Richard, the second Earl of Ulster, commonly 
known as the Red Earl. His great grand-daughter, 
the Ltidy Elizabeth De Burgh, only child and heiress 
of William, third Earl of Ulster, married Lionel, 
Duke of Clarence, son of Edward the Third ; from 
which marriage most of the Crowned Heads of Eurojxj 
are descended ; those of England, Scotland, Denmark, 
France, Bohemia, Sardinia, Spain, Prussia, Saxony, 
Bavaria, Hungary, &c., as all laid down on author- 
ities and in tables by Doctor Burke Ryan of London, 


with a kind hope that it might suit the present work; 
but, as the record was not found to interest the pre- 
cent generation, the expense of such an addition was 
reluctantly declined. William, the second son of 
Richard the Lord of Connaught, derived large estates 
(beyond the two Provinces of Connaught and Ulster), 
in Tipperary, where, according to his namesake lie 
Burgo, the historian of the Irish Dominican order, 
the name was then still widely extended; although, a 
few years previous to the time of that laborious wri- 
ter, a large portion of the estates of the Tipperary 
Bourkes was granted to Sir Oliver Lambert, Knight 
and Privy Councillor. The Attainders of 1642 give 
but one of this name, John Bourke, described as ' of 
Dublin.' At the Supreme Council of 1646, John 
'Burke,' Bishop of Clonfert, was of the Spiritual 
Peers; William Burke, Baron of Castleconnell, of the 
Temporal; and of the Commons were John Burke of 
Castlecaroe, Richard of Drumrusk, William of Pol- 
lardstown, Richard of Shellewly, Theobald of Buoly- 
burk, and Ulick Burke of Glinsk. Cromwell's Act 
' for settling Ireland' excepted from pardon for life 
and estate Miles ' Bourk,' Viscount Mayo, Sir Theo- 
bald Bourk his son ; Edmund of Cloghan, County of 
Mayo; Thomas of Anbally, and Redmond of Kilcornin, 
both in the County of Galway. The Royal declara- 
tion of thanks, as for services beyond the seas, 
includes the names of the Earl of Clanricarde ; David 
Bourk of Bamanlahie, County of Tipperary; Sir Ulick 
Bourk, Knight and Baronet, of Glinsk; Lieutenant 


514 KING James's irish army list. 

William Bourke of Turlogh, County of Mayo ; and 
Captain William Mac Redmond Bourke. Lords Brit- 
tas and Castleconnell were on the Establishment of 
1617-18 for pensions of £100 per annum each. 

In King James's Charters to the Boroughs of Gal- 
way, Limerick, Mayo, Cavan, and Koscommon, this 
family was numerously represented. In the Parlia- 
ment of 1689 sat amongst the Peers this Earl of 
Clanricarde, the Viscount Mayo, the Lord Castlecon- 
nel. Lord Bophin, and Lord Brittas. The father of 
this latter nobleman, the Honorable William Bourke, 
served in the lloyalist cause during the Civil war of 
1641, and by Cromwell's order was executed at Cork 
in 1653. His son, the Lord here six)ken of, served 
as above, a Colonel in King James's army. He 
married the Lady Ilonora, daughter of Morrough, 
the first Earl of Inchequin, by whom he left a son, dis- 
inherited by his attainder. This son resided at St. 
Germains, assumed the title of Lord Brittas, and died 
in France, leaving issue by his wife Catherine, 
daughter of Colonel Gordon O'Neill, two sons; John, 
styled Lord Brittas, a Captain in the French service; 
and Thomas, a Lieutenant-General in the* 

In the Commons sat Sir Ulick Bourke, one of 

the Representatives for Galway ; John of Carrickni- 
hill, one for Askeaton ; Walter, one for the County of 
Mayo ; Thomas for Castlebar ; William Bourke of 
Carrowford for the Borough of Tuam ; and John 
Bourke for the County of Roscommon. Besides this, 

• Burke's Extinct Peerage. 


the Earl of Clanricarde's Regiment, Walter Bourke 
was Colonel of a second Regiment of Infantry, Patrick 
of a third, and Michael of a fourth; while the name 
appears commissioned in twenty-two other Regiments 
on this list. 

At the siege of Derry in 1689, a Lieutenant Burke 
was killed on the occasion of the attack by the wind- 
mill.* In the following year, William Burke of the 
Mayo line, who had been appointed Governor of the 
Castle of Grange in the County of Sligo, was ordered 
by King James to defend it ; when, being vigorously 
besieged and disappointed of promised succours, at the 
moment that the besiegers were about to enter the 
breach he blew up the Castle, and, with many of his 
enemies, was buried in the ruins. On the 7th of 
June, 1691, Baron De Ginkle appeared before Bally- 
more on the line to Athlone, and summoned the Irish 
Governor, Sir Ulick Burke, to surrender. "The gar- 
rison consisted of 800 men, the elite of the Irish, be- 
ing picked men from all the Regiments. In the space 
of twenty-four hours, six batteries crumbled all the 
works to the south, and the appearance of a flotilla 
on the lake induced a surrender. Burke, the 
Governor," adds O'Conor, " is charged with treachery 
and cowardice in King James's Memoir; it would 
appear rather that vanity induced the defence, and 
incapacity the surrender ;''f and it does appear from 
Story that the Governor had no greater artillery in 

• Walkers Siege of Deny, p. 61. 
t O'Connor's Milit. Mem. p. 135 

LL 2 

.516 RING James's irisu army list. 

the place than 'two small Turkish pieces mounted 
upon old cart wheels/* The Irish Engineer, Lieuten- 

ant^Colonel Burton, was slain. Colonel David 

Burke was killed at Aughrim with another Ulick 
Burke, who had been for a time Governor of Galway;f 
while a Colonel Neill Burke, his Lieutenant, with 
Colonel Walter Burke and Lonl Bophin, w^re taken 
prisoners. On the 2nd of September, 1691, writes 
Story, " Brigadier Levison, learning where Lord Mer- 
rion's and Lord Brittas's Regiments lay, marched as 
privately as he could that way ; and about one 
o'clock in the morning he fell in with them, killing 
several and disj^rsing tlie rest, Lord Merrion himself 
(Thomas Fitz- William) escaping narrowly. Then he 
divided his party to pui'sue their broken troops, but 
they knowing that country, made most of them a 
shift to escape."J 

The Colonel of this Regiment was a Privy Council- 
lor, and was appointed Governor of Galway by King 
James ; which, having been l)esieged by De Ginkle 
fourteen days after the battle of Aughrim, he was 
compelled to surrender.§ O'Conor, in his Military 
Memoirs^ (vol. 1, p. 161) denounces this surrender 
jis a treacherous compromise. " Lord Clanricarde," 
writes that historian, " inherited neither the courage 
nor the loyalty of his ancestor, the great Earl of St. 

* Impartial Hist. pt. 2, p. 87. 
t Clarke's James II., v. 2. p. 459. 
J Impartial Histor}', pt, 2, p. 204. 
§ Clarke*s James II. vol 2, p. 469. 


Albans ; he compounded his honor for personal 
security, and, quitting the service of James, remained 
at GaJway, though by the capitulation he was at 
liberty to march to Limerick." The Outlawries of 
1691 include this Earl by two Inquisitions, William, 
Baron of Castleconnell, and Ulick, Lord Viscount 
Galway, Lord Brittas, and John his son ; eighteen 
Burkes or Bourkes in Mayo ; John Burke of Ower, 
and fifteen others in Galway ; six in Limerick, five in 
Roscommon, two in Dublin and Wexford respectively, 
and one in each of the Counties of Sligo, Cavan, and 
the Queen's. In 1696, the name of the Lady Honora 
Burke, alias Sarsfield, and then Duchess of Berwick 
before alluded to, was entered in the Outlawries. Sir 
Ulick the Baronet was also attainted, but adjudged 
within the benefit of the Articles of Limerick. The 
achievements of the Brigade of Colonel Walter Burke, 
styled * the Regiment of Athlone,' are referred to that 
Colonel's own Regiment in this service, hereafter 
noticed, but it may be here added that a Regiment 
commanded by a son of the attainted Lord of Castle- 
connell was distinguished at the battle of Cremona ; 
while, at that of LauflBeld in 1747, Walter Burke 
was taken prisoner in Bulkeley's Regiment ; and 
in Dillon's, Captain Pierce * Bourke ' was killed, and 
Captain Anthony Bourk wounded. 



The Sept of the O'Maddens were chiefs of what is now 
styled the Barony of Longford in the County of 
Galway, with a portion of the parish of Lusmagh in 
the King's County, on the opposite side of the Shan- 
non ; this whole territory being in the Chronicles of 
the country called ' Silanchia.' The Annals of Ulster 
record the death of Matodhan, Lord of Silanchia, in 
the year 1008, who seems to have given their distinc- 
tive name to his descendants. In 1059, Melaghlin 
O'Madden was the leader of a military expedition re- 
corded by the Four Masters. The same Chronicle 
mentions the death of Matodhan O'Madden, chief of 
Silanchia, in 1096 ; and subsequently gives various 
other annals of this family. In 1540, the Lord 
Deputy was instructed to confirm treaties between tlie 
King and Melaghlin O'Madden and Hugh O'Madden, 
Chiefs of their country.* In 1567, on the submission 
of Donald O'Madden, who prayed " to be recognised in 
the Captaincy of his Sept, (with the country of Long- 
fort and Silankey, commonly called O'Madden's 
country, whereof Hugh Mac Melaghlin Ballagh 
O'Madden, deceased, was the late Captain) his petition 
was granted, on the condition of said Donald paying 
to the Lord Deputy at MuUingar, for a fine, eighty fat 
heifers."f When, in eighteen years after. Sir John 
Perrot assembled the Conciliation Parliament in Dub- 

* State Papers, temp. Henry VIII. , pt. 3 continued, p. 171. 
t Roll Eliz. in Chancery. 


lin, "thither went O'Madden, Lord of Siol-Amcha, 
namely Donald, the son of John, son of Breasal," i. e. 
the same Donald of 1567. The O'Maddens were, 
however, soon after implicated in such resistance to 
the government, as led to deaths and confiscations of 
many of the name; and in 1606, John King, of Dub- 
lin, had a grant of the estates of various O'Maddens 
in the County of Galway and the King's County, 
' slain in rebellion ;' as had also Sir John Davis, the 
Attorney-General of the day, of others described as 
the estate of Bresail O'Madden of the County of 
Clare, 'slain in rebellion.' In 1612, however, Donald 
O'Madden, then still the Captain, settled on trustees 
his Manor and Castle of Longfort, and all his other 
estates in that part of the County of Galway, to hold 
to the use of Ambrose O'Madden his son and heir in 
tail male ; with remainder to his other sons Malachy 
and Donell, and their respective heirs male ; remainder 
to Brasil O'Madden, son of Hugh, one of the sons of 
Donell, in tail male ; remainder to the heirs of 
Ambrose O'Madden in fee.* A Manuscript Book of 
Obits in Trinity College, Dublin, (F. IV. 18.) con- 
tains links of the pedigree of the O'Maddens of Bag- 
gotrath, near Dublin, through six generations of the 
16th and 17th centuries, also some links of those of 
Donore, County of Dublin. 

Besides the above Lieutenant-Colonel, Michael 
Madden was an Ensign in this Regiment, John Mad- 
den a Lieutenant in the Earl of Tyrone's ; another 

* Patent Roll James I. 

520 KING James's irish army list. 

John an Ensign in Lord Bophin's, and in Colonel 
Heward Oxburgh's Hugh Madden was a Captain, and 
John a Lieutenant. This Lieutenant-Colonel Edward 
was taken prisoner at the battle of Aughrim ;* but| 
having afterwards obtained his liberty, he repaired to 
France, where, as before mentioned, ante, p. 4 7 8, he was 
commissioned as Major in the Brigade of Fitz-James, 
the Grand Prior. Five of this name were attainted 
in 1691. 


This family claims descent from Nial of the Nine 
Hostages, one of the most illustrious of Irish Kings, 
and whose reign synchronises with the time of the 
Saviour. The Sept extended itself at a very remote 
period over Munster and Connaught, as well as in 
the Barony of Clonlonan, County of Westmeath ; 
and, through the long lapse of years, have they been 
eminently distinguished as poets and annalists, and 
are so commemorated by the Four Masters. In 
1337, died Lewis O'Daly, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, 
while that interesting locality was yet a Bishop's See. 

About the same time O'Daly of Munster had a 

grant of Moynter-barry, on a customary tenure of 
that time, of being Rythmour or Chronicler of the 
Chief Lord and of his achievements, f In 1410, 

* Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 188. 
t Pacata Hibernia, p. 529. 


John O'Daly had licence from the crown for making 
a pilgrimage to Rome, the penalties against absentee- 
ism making such a sanction necessary. In 1436, 
Nicholas O'Daly was by the Pope's Bull appointed 
Bishop of Athenry. It is alleged that in the middle 
of the succeeding century, in consequence of a wish 
expressed by the King of Denmark to Queen Eliza- 
beth, to have Irish manuscripts then in his possession 
translated, one Donald Daly was selected for the 
work ; but that the project was abandoned, being 
opposed in Council, ' lest it might be prejudicial to 
the English interest.' In 1582, Robert Daly died 
Bishop of Kildare. In 1606, John King, of Dublin, 
had a grant of parcel of the estate of Morrogh O'Daly 
of Ballinakill in the King's County, ' slain in rebel- 
lion.' By a remarkable deed of 1612, Donough, son 
of Laughlin Roe O'Daly of Finvara in the County 
of Clare, " in consideration of six pounds of pure 
crowned stamped money of England, (as pure, as 
refined, and as valuable as that coin now is in Eng- 
land, and as it was when first it was made current, 
consisting of four ounces to every pound,)" then stated 
to have been received by said Donough from An- 
thony, son of James, son of Ambrose Lynch ofGalway, 
merchant, conveyed to him certain premises in Finvara, 
with royalties ' over and under ground,' as his pro- 
portion of the estate of Finvara held by the Daly 
family from the Earl of Thomond.* Early in the 
Civil war of 1641, the Marquis of Clanricarde 

* Hardiman's Ancient Deeds, pp. 91-2. 

522 KING James's irisu a&my list. 

committed the custody and safe-keeping of the Castle 
of Clare-Galway to Lieutenant Dermot O'Daly, ' who 
did very good service there/ He was the grandson of 
Dermot O'Daly, who in 1478 obtained a grant of the 
Manor of Lerha with all its appurtenances. The At- 
tainders of 1641 comprise the names of Loughlin 
Daly of Little Clonshaugh, County of Dublin ; Donogh 
Hugh Buy Daly of Neeston, County of Kildare ; and 
Eneas O'Daly of Ballyrowne, County of Cork. In 
1662, died Daniel O'Daly a native of Kerry, who had 
founded the Dominican convent at Lisbon ; he after- 
wards became an especial favourite and confidential 
ambassador of the Duke of Braganza, when that noble- 
man succeeded to the throne of Portugal. O'Daly 
wrote a work giving fiill historical particulars of the 
family of Desmond, long rare, but now reprinted. 
He was himself buried in the convent he had so estab- 

In this Regiment, besides Captain Charles, Paul, 
Hugh and Thady Daly were Lieutenants, and the 
name was in commission in four others. This Captain 
Charles was of the Dunsandle family, and in King 
James's Parliament of 1689 was one of the Represent- 
atives for the Borough of Athenry ; as was Richard 
Daly of Kilcorky for that of Newborough, County of 
Wexford. Charles was brother of the Right Honora- 
ble Denis Daly, who was appointed one of the Justices 
of the Common Pleas in Ireland at the commencement 
of the reign of James the Second. Colonel O'Kelly, in 
tlie ''Eoccidium Macarice^' while he admits his ' great 


knowledge of the law/ says he was one of Tyrconners 
confidants, and therefore imprisoned in Galway by the 
young Duke of Berwick, as on suspicion of keeping 
private correspondence with the common enemy ; but, 
adds O'Kelly, "his deliverer was near at hand, for, 
within a few days after his confinement, he had the 
good fortune to hear of Tyrconners landing at Lime- 
rick ; and no sooner was he arrived there, than he 
made use of his prerogative to enlarge the Judge, and 
restore him, without further trial, to his former 
station and dignity.* He was included in the 
Attainders of 1691, but in 1698 obtained a pardon 
from the Crown as in pursuance of the Capitulation of 
Galway, and the special promise of the Earl of Ath- 
lone. The Dalys attainted in 1691 were Peter and 
Terence of Killileigli, County of Westmeath, (Thomas 
Daly was then the head of the Killileigh line, but was 
a minor) ; Eugene of Cork, merchant ; John, also 
of Cork ; John of Cloghrevanny, County of Galway ; 
Edward of Kilmeny, do. ; with the above Judge 
Denis and Captain Charles. At the sale of 1703 by 
the Commissioners of the Forfeited Estates, Colonel 
John Eyre of Eyrecourt purchased the lands of Bally- 
house and Killevany in the Barony of Longford and 
County of Galway, the estate of Teigue or Hugh Daly, 
attainted. This Hugh was the father of Teigue, which 
latter had died in 1691, leaving four sons, the three 
elder of whom were in King James's army, and after 
the surrender of Limerick went into France. Lough- 

* O'Callagban's Excid. Mac. p. 106. 

524 KING James's iRisn army list. 

I'm Daly, the fourth son. subsequently in 1711 s«Mi}rht 
to recover these estates from the Eyres by proceedings 
in Chancery, alleging that the conveyance fn?m the 
Trustees was for his benefit: but his claim was de^ 

In 1746, Ensign Daly in Monroes Regiment was 
one of those wounde^l at the battle of Culloden. The 
Mayor of Gal way from 1761 to some few years since 
was in almost unbroken succession a Daly, while the 
Parliamentary representation of the town was like- 
wise long held by the family. 


This individual was the proprietor of Templeogue in 
the County of Dublin, and represented the borough of 
Ath(;nry in King James's Parliament. At the battle 
of Aughrim he had the command of a Regiment, and 
was there killed.* He forfeited largely in the County 
of Galway, and in the County and City of Dublin. 
II is estates in the latter county were sold by the com- 
missioners of the forfeitures to Sir Compton Domville, 


This officer is d(?scribed in the Inquisition on his out- 
lawry Jis of Bally vaughan, County of Limerick ; but 

♦ Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 188. 


his confiscations were of estates in that of Clare. 
John Stephenson was an attesting witness to the ar- 
tides of Galway. In the reign of James the First, 
William and Richard 'Stevenson* had patents of na- 
turalization, and the name was yet earlier introduced 
in Munster in the time of Elizabeth. In 1600, the 
custody of the castle of Corkroge on the Shannon was 
entrusted to Oliver Stephenson* who became a Col- 
onel in the Austrian service, but in 1648 petitioned 
Ferdinand the Third to permit him to resign his com- 
mission and fight against Cromwell when invading 
Ireland.f His prayer was granted, and he afterwards 
fell at the battle of Liscarrol. It may be observed 
that an Oliver Stephenson was Captain on this List in 
Colonel Koger Mc Ellicott's Infantry, where Nicholas 
Stephenson was his Lieutenant. 


This historic name has been early projected on the 
Irish chronicles. In 1302, Henry de Bermingham, 
afterwards Sheriflf of Connaught,J was one of the 
* Magnates' of Ireland who attended the Earl of Uls- 
ter on the Royal summons to the Scottish war ; soon 
afl«r which Sir John Bermingham was created Earl 

* Pacata Hibemia, p. 123. 

t O'Conor's Hist. Address, pt. 2, p. 466. 

X Harris's Hibemica, pt. 2, p. 85. 

526 KING James's irish army list. 

of Louth, by reason of his gallant and successfiil resis- 
tance to Bruce's invasion. It is recorded that on the 
death of Lord Walter de Benningham in 1354, in- 
debted to the King, his estates with his armour were 
taken by the Escheator ; but King Edward at once 
restored the armour piece by piece, as in a schedule, 
to Sir Robert de Preston, who was guardian of Lord 
Walter's infant son, in trust to deliver same to him on 
his coming of age.* In 1402, John Bermingham was 
appointed a Justice of the King s Bench in Ireland. 
In 1464, Philip Bermingham was constituted Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas there; he, in 1488, did 
homage to Sir Richard Edgecombe. In 1489, Wil- 
liam Bermingham died Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, to which high judicial oflSce Patrick Berming- 
ham was appointed in 1521. At the meeting of the 
Irish Parliament in 1541, considerable surprise is 
said to have been caused by the unexpected attendance 
of Lord Bermingham of Athenry, Lord Barry, Lord 
Roche, and Lord Fitz-Morris ; 'which Lords had not 
been here for many years before.'f These noblemen, 
together with the Earls of Ormond and Desmond, and 
the Baron of Upper Ossory, previous to opening Par- 
liament, as Saint Leger the Lord Deputy in his zeal 
announced to Henry the Eighth, "attended the solemn 
mass of the Holy Ghost, the most part of them in their 
robes, and rode on in procession, in such sort as the like 
thereof has not been seen here of many years.''J 

* Lynch on Feudal Dignities, p. 12. f Idem, p. 88. 

I State Papers, temp, Henry VIII. pt. 8 continued, p. 804- 


Lord Athenry sat in the Parliament of 1560 ; and, 
in seven years after, having avowed himself to the 
Queen under recognizance, a faithful subject of the 
Crown, and offered to surrender his estates for himself 
and his Sept, and to receive back from her Majesty the 
same according to her pleasure, she in consideration 
thereof directed a patent to pass to him accordingly 
in tail male.* He sat as a Peer in the Parliament of 
1585. The Attainders of 1642 present the names of 
the above William Bermingham, described as of Bally- 
namallough. County of Kildare ; John Bermingham 
of Raheen and Muckland, with six others of the name 
in the County of Cavan, and three in that of Dublin, 
one in Wicklow, and one in Meath. At the Supreme 
Council of Kilkenny, Francis Bermingham, then Lord 
Athenry, sat as a Temporal Peer : with four Ber- 
minghams in the Commons. This Lord Athenry was, 
in 1652, excepted by Cromwell's Ordinance from par- 
don for life and estate. 

Besides the above Captains, the name appears on 
this List commissioned in three other Regiments. In 
King James's Parliament of 1689 sat this Lord 
Athenry as one of the Peers, while the above John 
Bermingham, who was Portrieve of Castlebar in its 
new Charter, sat as one of its Representatives. Near 
the close of this campaign, on the 19th of August, 
1691, by the Articles for the surrender of the island 
and garrison of Bophin, "Lord Athenry and Colonel 
John Kelly, with all the inhabitants of said island, 

* Lynch on Feudal Dignities, p. 216. 


were permitted to possess and enjoy their estates 
therein, as they held them under the Acts of Settle- 
ment and Explanation."* The Attainders of 1691 
include the names of the above Lord Athenry ; of said 
Captain, described as John Bermingham of Gastlebar, 
County of Mayo; with two of the name in Meath, two 
in the Queen's County, three in Kildare, and two in 


The family of D'Arcy, writes Burke,f "ranks with 
the most eminent established in England by the Nor- 
man conquest, and amongst the peerages of past times. 
There are two Baronies in abeyance^ one forfeited 
Barony, and three extinct Baronies, all of which had 
been conferred upon the House of D'Arcy, besides the 
extinct Earldom of Holderness." The D'Arcys of 
Hyde Park are the chief and eldest existing line of 
this ancient race in Ireland, and to Sir Bernard Burke's 
memoir of that House the genealogical inquirer is 
best referred. Of this family. Sir John D'Arcy, 
Knight, had been Chief Justiciary and Governor of 
Ireland in 1324, 1327, and 1341 ; on the latter 
occasion, the appointment was made to him for life. 
He had large grants to him and his heirs male of 
manors and lands in the County of Westmeath, with 

* Story's Impartial History, pt. 2, p. 201. 
t Landed Gentry, p. 306. 


Knight's fees and advowsons of churches; and, marry- 
ing twice, had by his first wife a son, who was ances- 
tor of the D'Arcys, Barons D'Arcy and Moynell, and 
of the Earls of Holdemess. His second wife was 
Jane, daughter of Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, 
and widow of Thomas Fitz-John, Earl of Kildare; upon 
which marriage he settled in Ireland, and became the 
founder of the family of Flatten, from which the other 
D'Arcys of this country have branched. When Lam- 
bert Simnel shook the allegiance of Ireland, and was 
crowned King at Christ Church Cathedral in 1487, 
it is related that Sir William D'Arcy of Flatten bore 
him out on his shoulders, after the ceremony, to the 
deluded multitude. Sir William was however par- 
doned in the following year, on doing homage to Sir 
Richard Edgecombe. 

The Attainders of 1642 present the names of Ni- 
cholas D'Arcy of Flatten, County of Meath (who had 
attended the great meeting at the hill of Crofty), 
Francis D'Arcy of Ballymdunt, County of Kildare ; 
and Christopher of Athlumney, County of Meath. 
Nicholas of Flatten had, however, a Decree of Inno- 
cence in 1666, and was further restored to his estates 
by patent of 1670. Fatrick D'Arcy of the Galway line 
was one of the Confederate Catholics who sat at Kil- 
kenny in 1646, and he was accordingly excepted from 
pardon for life and estate in Cromwell's Act of 1652. 
In the Establishment of 1685, Sir William D'Arcy was 
placed for a pension of £400 per annum ; while, in 
the new Charter of 1687 to Galway, six D'Arcys were 



appointed Burgesses. Besides the above Lieutenant, 
there appear on this Army List, Nicholas D'Arcy, a 
Cornet in Lord Dongan's Dragoons (afterwards 
wounded at Deny), and Thomas D'Arcy, a Quarter- 
Master in Sir Neill CNeill's. A short time previous 
to the battle of the Boyne, Killeshandra, which was 
garrisoned by one hundred and sixty Irish under the 
command of a Captain D'Arcy, was obliged to surrender 
to Colonel Wolseley.* Those attainted in 1691 were 
Nicholas D'Arcy, described as of Flatten (who had 
been nominated an Alderman in King James's Charter 
to Drogheda), George D'Arcy his son, and Thomas 
D'Arcy of Corbetstown and Porterstown, County of 
Westmeath. Various claims were preferred at Chi- 
chester House in 1700, as affecting the confiscations 
of Nicholas D'Arcy in Westmeath. 


This officer was of a family that, as appears from the 
Patent Rolls of James, settled about this time in the 
County of Galway, and, as well fh)m the date of its 
migration being contemporaneous with the planting 
of Ulster, as from the adoption of the same christian 
names, appears to have branched from the illustrious 
House of Mac Mahon, dynast of Monaghan. His 
father, Bryan Mahon the Elder, of Loughrea, was in 
1665 possessed of considerable property in that neigh- 

* Rawdon Papers, p. 822. 



bourhood, the leasehold portion of which, having been 
held under Lord Bophin, was, on the attainder of that 
nobleman, the subject of claim before the Commis- 
sioners at Chichester House, on the part of his widow 
Maggin Mahon, alias Power, who was afterwards 
interred with her husband in the family vault at the 
old Abbey of Loughrea. They left two sons ; the 
elder, James, became the ancestor of the Mahons of 
Beech-hill, County of Galway ; the second, this Bryan, 
who was advanced to a Captaincy before his death, 
(which occurred in 1719), became a conformist, and 
was ancestor of the Baronets of Castlegar. 





The Colonel 

Archibald M-Donnel. 

Randall M'Donnell. 

BfArk Talbot, 

Denis CallsghAn. 


Junes Wogan, 

Francis Moore. 

Con. O'Ronike. 


Lord of Enniskillen. 

; Eneas M*Donnel. 

> Francis O'Neill. 

Hogh O'NeOL 

Bryan O'Neill. 

Angostine McDonnell, 

Edmund 0*Beil]j. 

Bryan Magrath. 

Fran. BeUly. 

Manna O'Donnell. 

Bryan O'Neill. 

John O'Cahan. 


Terence M'Sweeny. 

Eneas M'DonneU. 

Dmiel M'Donald. 

John O'Neill 

Turlogh O'Neill. 

Biyan M'Ginnia. 

John M'Donald. 


Arthor MagiU. 

MM 2 



About the middle of the fifteenth century, the 
McDonnels or McConnells, Lords of the Western 
Isles of Scotland, established a branch of their family 
in Antrim, by the marriage of John McConnell with 
Sarah, daughter of Phelim O'Neill of Clandeboy. He 
thereupon principally resided in Ireland, and the 
alliance seems to have given rise to a claim set up 
by the McConnells to Clandeboy. John Mc Connell, 
junior, his heir, was knighted by King James the 
Fourth of Scotland ; but afterwards, about 1494, re- 
belled against him, for which he and three of his sons 
were taken and executed at Edinburgh. The two 
eldest, Alexander and Angus, on the deaths of their 
kindred, fled to Ireland, where Mac Cahane gave his 
daughter Catherine in marriage to Alexander. James, 
the heir of that marriage, passed over to Scotland, 
leaving his brother 'Sorleboy' to hold possession of the 
Glyns in Antrim. He, however, having been after- 
wards, about 1565, hardly pressed by the O'Neill, soli- 
cited and obtained his brother's assistance. O'Neill at 
once gave them battle with signal success, James was 
killed, and Sorleboy taken prisoner; they had a brother, 
Angus the younger, also killed on this occasion. Sor- 
leboy afterwards married Mary, daughter of Con 
( Boccagh) O'Neill, by whom he had issue James, who 
was knighted by James the Sixth on visiting Edin- 


burgh* Sorleboy remained in Ireland, having been 
established on his estates by Queen Elizabeth, but his 
brothers returned to Scotland ; and one of their de- 
scendants, Coll Kittach, the son of Archibald, was 
father to AlisterMac Coll, who, as hereafter mentioned, 
was sent by the first Marquis of Antrim to join 
Montrose at Tippermuir. Coll Kittach himself be- 
came the prisoner of the Marquis of Argyle, and was 
executed at Dunstaffnage, near Oban. 

An old family Manuscript of the Mac Quillanes, 
purporting to give a catalogue of the Orgillian Princes, 
descended from Colla Uais, the grandson of King 
Carbry, mentions Mugdome as the 38th on this suc- 
cession, in whose time it says, " in 1580, Coll Mac Don- 
nell came to Ireland, being the fifth lineal descendant 
from Donald, King or Lord of the Hebrides and of 
' Cantyre. His clandestine marriage with a daughter 
of Mac Quillan, Lord of Rathmor-Mac-Quillan, now 
Dunluce, was the cause of a war between these two 
families ; which was not terminated till 1610, when 
James the First of England unjustly deprived 
Mac Quillan of his lands, and divided them amongst 
his patentees, which lands are now some of the best 
improved in Ireland. To Mc Donnell, the son-in-law 
or brother-in-law of Mac Quillan, he gave the four 
great Baronies of Dunluce, Carie, Ballycastle, and 
Glenarm, with the island of Raghery ; to Sir John 
Chichester he gave the Barony of Belfast and town of 
Carrickfergus ; to the Seymours and Conways part of 

• Gregory MSS. 


Massareene ; to the Skeffingtons another portion of 
Massareene ; and several other persons he ennobled 
at that time or soon after, some of whom were not the 
most loyal subjects to his son Charles the First." 
Previous to this period, Hugh O'Donnell, chief of his 
nation, married a daughter of James McDonnel, Lord 
of the Isles, by whom he had the celebrated hero, Red 
'Hugh O'Donnel,' in whose ensuing wars with the 
Queen, the McDonnels afforded him great assistance. 
James Mac Sorleboy, before alluded to, was one of 
those who supported O'Neill at the battle of the Black- 
water. The Four Masters contain many annals of 
this family, that cannot be brought forward here. 

In 1613, King James directed his mandatory let- 
ter for an Act of Parliament to secure Sir Randal 
Mac Sorley McDonnell in all his lands, &c. in Ulster, 
to hold to him and his heirs male by his wife Elly ny 
Neale, remainder to the heirs male of his body and to 
those of Alexander McDonnel, his cousin, and of Con 
McDonnel his late cousin successively, remainder to 
the right heirs of Sir Randal for ever. In 1618, the 
same Monarch created this Sir Randal, who was a de- 
scendant of the Lords of the Isles and grand-father of 
the nobleman at present under consideration, Viscount 
Dunluce in the Peerage of Ireland, and in two years 
after advanced him to the Earldom of Antrim. On 
the Attainders of 1642 appear of this name six in the 
County of Wicklow, three in Cork, two in Dublin, 
and one in Eildare. Randal, then Earl, and his bro- 
ther, this Alexander, were also affected by attainder, 


but were by a clause in the Act of Settlement restored 
to their estates (excepting tithes). 

In 1644, the gallant Montrose, desirous to raise 
forces in Ireland to uphold the Royal cause in Scot- 
land, commissioned Earl Randal, as an Irishman by 
birth and a Scot by descent, to effectuate the import- 
ant object ; and, for facilitating these levies, he directed 
the Marquess of Ormonde, then Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, to procure a cessation of arms there between 
the Catholics and the Protestants, both parties being 
then considered alike favourable to the enlistment. 
Accordingly, when Montrose himself entered Scotland 
with but two companies, he was joined by 1,200 Irish 
recruits, commanded by Alexander McDonnell, whom 
Earl Randal (then advanced to a Marquisate) sent 
over to the cause. This Alexander or Alister Mac 
Coll, son of Coll Kittach as before mentioned, had 
Coll his eldest son, from whom was lineally descended 
the late Doctor McDonnell, long the national and 
literary attraction of Belfast. Another son of Alister 
was Archibald, the Lieutenant in this Regiment, who 
died in 1720, aged 73, and was buried in the secluded 
churchyard of Layde on the coast of Antrim ; as was 
his son Coll, who died in 1737, and Coil's son 
Alexander, who died in 1793. 

To return to Earl Randal : he died in 1682, when 
the Marquisate became extinct ; but the other honors 
continued to his son, the above Colonel, who also had 
taken an active part in the Civil war of 1641, and 
was attainted therefor, but restored by the Act of 
Settlement. In 1646, being then Earl of Antrim in 
ihs fathers life-time, he sat as one of the Temporal 

536 KING James's irish army list. 

Peers at the Supreme Council in Kilkenny ; while 
JamesMcDonnelof Muff (who was also buried at Lame) 
and Allen McDonnell of Muntaghwereof theCommons. 
The Declaration of Royal Thanks in the Act of 1662, 
" for services beyond the seas,** includes Lieutenant 
Charles and Ensign Alexander Mc Donnell. In 
1686, this Earl was appointed of King James's Privy 
Council, in which year another Alexander Mc Donnell 
was Sheriff of Leitrim. In 1688, a Colonel Mc 
Donnell garrisoned Boyle, and " prevented the transit 
of Protestants with goods and provisions towards the 
garrison of Sligo ; which, on being requested to per- 
mit, he affected so to do, but afterwards declined to 
perform, though we looked upon him as one of the 
fairest reputation among the Irish in these parts. 
On the approach, however, of our party, he drew all 
his Horse, Foot, and Dragoons within the walls of 
Lord Kingston's house and garden."* 

Besides the Colonel, there were six other Mc Don- 
nells holding commissions in this Regiment. In 
Lord Clare's Dragoons Thomas 'Donell' was a Comet ; 
Charles Mc Donnell was a Lieutenant in the King's 
own Infantry ; and in the Earl of Westmeath's, Bryan 
was a Lieutenant, as was Francis in Colonel John 
Grace's. The Parliament of Dublin in 1689 was 
attended by this Earl amongst the Peers ; while, 
amongst the Commons, a Randal Mc Donnell sat as 
one of the Representatives of the County of Antrim, 
as did Alexander Mc Donnell for the Borough of 

* Mackenzie's Deny, p. 16. 


Jamestown, County of Leitrim. A short time pre- 
vious to this assembly, Tyrconnel "commanded this 
Earl to quarter at Derry with his Regiment, consis- 
ting of a numerous swarm of Irish and Highlanders,''* 
but the gates were closed against them. The town 
then, however, agreed, on capitulation, to admit two 
companies, being Protestants ; and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Lundy was appointed by Lord Mountjoy, Governor. 
During the subsequent siege, a Captain Mc Donnell 
was taken prisoner.f A letter of the Duke of Berwick, 
dated 5th July, 1689, mentioning his having had a 
skirmish with the enemy near Trellick, adds that 
Captain Bellew and Major Mc Donnell commanded 
his vanguard on the occasion. About this time an 
Alexander Mc Donnell was appointed by Lord Tyr- 
connel Governor of Galway ; and he, in the progress of 
the campaign, became a Brigadier-General. Colonel 
O'Kelly, in his Exddium Macarioe^ says he was a 
"soldier of fortune, raised by merit from the ranks ;" 
and Croker, in his notes on that little work, adds 
that he was otherwise called *Mc Gregor,' and was of 
Drumsna, County of Leitrim. He married in 1685 
the Lady Jane Nugent, a sister of Thomas Nugent, 
afterwards created Lord Riverston. In December, 
1690, he was removed from the Government of Gal- 
way .J It is remarkable that in the Outlawries of 
1691 he is styled Alexander Mc Donnell, alias Gregor, 
alias Boyd, of Clonin, County of Westmeath. At the 

• Walker's Derry, p. 11. f Wem, p. 61. 

X Clarke's James 11. v. 2. p. 428. 

538 KING James's irish army list. 

same time were attainted six Mc Donnels of Antrim, 
four of Mayo, two of Leitrim, and one of Roscommon 
and Clare respectively. This Earl of Antrim was 
outlawed on three Inquisitions taken in Dublin, 
Derry, and Antrim ; but, being included in the sa- 
vings of tlie Articles of Limerick, he was restored to 
his estates, and died in 1699. At the petty Court of 
St. Germains, Captain *Mc Donald' was one of the 
grooms of the bedchamber ;* while, from the Des- 
patches of Sir Paul Rycaut, it appears that in 1693 
a large body of Irish exiles was sent from France, 
under the command of a Colonel Mc Donnel, for the 
service of the Emperor in Hungary .f 

At Chichester House, in 1700, sundry claims were 
preferred as charges on Mc Donnell estates, some of 
which were allowed. In 1710, Mc Donnell's Irish 
Brigade did signal service in Spain,J and, in the pre- 
sent century, the name has been chronicled there on 
great achievements. In 1746, Colonel John Mc 
Donell of Fitz-James's Brigade was a state prisoner at 
Inverness. In 1814, a Colonel Alexander Mc Don- 
nel distinguished himself at the siege of Dantzic. 


See of him, ante^ p. 49. 

♦ Clarke's James II., v. 2, p. 411. 

t See Thorpe's Catal. Southwell MSS, p. 69. 

X O'Conor's Military Memoirs, v. 1, p. 363. 



This name is also projected on the records of Ireland 
f5rom the earliest years afiber the Invasion. In 1295, 
Sir John Wogan was Lord Justice there; again in 
1298, 1302, 1307, and 1309. In 1446, Richard 
Wogan, clerk, was the Irish Lord Chancellor. In 
1636, died Nicholas Wogan of Blackhall, County of 
Kildare, fourth son of David Wogan of New-Hall in 
said County. He had married Margaret, daughter of 
William Hollywood of Harbertstown in the County 
of Meath, by whom he had four sons ; 1. William, 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Wogan 
of Grangerosnolvan, County of Kildare ; 2. Charles ; 
3. Edward ; and 4. Thomas, all yet unmarried, says 
the Funeral Entry of Nicholas in the Heralds' OflBce ; 
said Nicholas, it adds, died in July, 1636, and was 
buried at Kilmaoge in said County. The above Wil- 
liam and Thomas were attainted in 1642, as were 
Oliver Wogan of Downings and Nicholas Wogan of 
Rathcoffy. The latter was one of the Supreme Coun- 
cil of Kilkenny in 1646. Besides this officer, who 
was killed at the Siege of Derry, a John Wogan ap- 
pears on this List as Captain in Fitz-James's Foot. 
He was of Rathcoffy, Sheriff of the County of Kildare 
in 1687, and one of its Representatives in the Parlia- 
ment of Dublin. He was attainted in 1691, with 
Patrick Wogan of Maynham in the same County ; 
and, according to other Muster Rolls, a John Wogan 
was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of Sir Maurice 


Eustace's Infantry, subsequent to the forming of this 

The chivalry and devotion of Irishmen to the de- 
throned Stuart, as evinced by the gallant daring of 
Colonel Charies Wogan in the time of George the 
First, are alluded to hereafter ; meanwhile it may here 
be remarked that a manuscript compilation of this 
Colonel Charles, of a very miscellaneous character, is 
in the possession of Mr. Aylmer of Painstown. In it 
are an address in poetry from Lord Wharton to 
himself, as to ' My friend Sir Charles Wogan, 
Baronet,' and a Comment from Dean Swift to him on 
particulars of the exile's life which had been furnished 
to the Dean. " We guessed you," writes Swift, " to 
have been bom in this country from some passages, 
but not from the style, which we wondered to find so 
correct in an exile, a soldier, and a native of Ireland. 

Although I have no great regard for your trade, 

from the judgment I make of those who profess it in 
these kingdoms, yet I cannot but esteem those gentle- 
men of Ireland who, with all the disadvantages of 
being exiles and strangers, have been able to distin- 
guish themselves by their valour and conduct in so 
many parts of Europe, I think above all other nations. 
Which ought to make the English ashamed at the re- 
proaches they cast on the ignorance, the dulness, and 
the want of courage of the Irish natives; these 
defects, wherever they happen, arising only from the 
poverty and slavery they suffer from their inhuman 
neighbours, and the base corrupt spirits of too many 


of the chief gentry. By such events as these the very- 
Grecians are grown slavish, ignorant, and supersti- 
tious. I do assert, from several experiments I have 
made in travelling over both kingdoms, I have found 
the poor cottagers here, who could speak our language, 
to have a much better taste for good sense, humour, 
and raillery, than ever t observed among people of the 
like sort in England.'' 



The Irish county now known as Fermanagh, of which 
Enniskillen is the chief town, was anciently the prin- 
cipality of the Sept of Mac Guire, who held it for 
centuries after the Invasion, independent of English 
government ; and were, according to the Irish form, 
solemnly inaugurated on the summit of Cuilcaigh 
(the Quilka of Dean Swift), and sometimes near Lis- 
naskea. In the time of James the First, however, 
Ulster, including their territory, fell into the power of 
the Crown by the Attainders of O'Neill, O'Donnel, 
Mac Guire, &c, and was subjected to the allocations 
and disposition of the Plantation. Nevertheless, Con- 
nor Roe Mac Guire, the acknowledged Captain of his 
name, obtained from King James a re-grant of 12,000 
acres of the confiscations of his ancestors, and was 
created Baron of Enniskillen, a title which passed in 
his descendants to the nobleman here introduced. 

542 KING James's irish army list. 

Of the earlier notices of this Sept it may be men- 
tioned that when, in 1314, King Edward was about 
to prosecute the war in Scotland, he directed an 
especial letter missive to ' Laveragh Mac Wyr, duel 
Hibemorum,' seeking his aid on the expedition. In 
1379, when Edmund Mortimer, who had married the 
grand-daughter of Edward the Third, came over to 
Ireland as Lord Lieutenant, various native chiefe 
waited upon him, and amongst these the Mac Guire. 
In 1428, " Hugh, the hospitable son of Philip Mac 
Guire, died at Einsale, on his landing from Spain, 
where he had been performing the pilgrimage of St. 
James of Compostella. Thomas Oge Mac Guire, who 
had accompanied him, conveyed his body to Cork, 
where it was buried.'' The death of this Thomas Oge 
is thus commemorated by the Masters : — " In 1480 
died Thomas Oge, son of Thomas More, son of Philip, 
son of Hugh Roe Mac GuLre, the most distinguished 
of his time for alms-doing, piety, and hospitality ; a 
man who defended his territory against invading foes, 
a founder of monasteries and churches, a donor of 
chalices, a man who was at Rome, and twice visited 
the City of St. James (of Compostella). He was in- 
terred in the monastery of Cavan, having selected that 
as his burial place." 

The influence of the Mac Guire in a later century 
is thus spoken of by Sir John Davis, in a report to 
the King's Council : — " Concerning Fermanagh, other- 
wise Mac Guire's country, that territory was never 
reduced to the Crown from the conquest of Ireland, 
either by surrender, attainder, or other resumption 


whatever, until Sir John Perrofs government ; who 
caused Lord Conogher, father of Hugh Mac Guire, 
who was a principal actor in the late rebellion, and 
slain in Munster, to surrender all the County of 
Fermanagh in general words unto the late Queen, 
and to take new patents back again of all the County 
in like general words to him and his heirs, whereupon 
was reserved a rent, &c." On the Plantation of 
Ulster, which was much influenced by this representa- 
tion of the then Attorney-General, Bryan Mac Guire 
had a grant of various lands in the old district, with 
licence for fairs and markets, to hold same forever, as 
of the Castle of Dublin in common soccage, subject to 
the conditions of the Plantation. The Act for the 
attainders of the Ulster Lords (1612) makes express 
mention of Sir Hugh Mac Guire, as having then 
lately fallen in the field in rebellion. The Sept, it 
may be concluded, suffered yet more severely in the 
confiscations of 1642, by reason of the part they had 
taken with Lord Mac Guire ; while, beyond their 
ancient district, were attainted Murrough and Thomas 
Mac Guire of Angestown, County of Meath, and Donogh 
Mac Guire of Castlemartin, County of KOdare. Crom- 
well's Act of 1652 excepted from pardon for life and 
estate ' Connor Mac Guire, Baron of Enniskillen ;' 
while, on the other hand, the declaration of Royal 
gratitude, for services beyond the seas, recognises 
those of Ensign Connor Mac Guire, and of Patrick 
Mac Guire of Ballykilcunny, ' County of Enniskillen.' 
In 1685-6, the Earl of Sunderland wrote by the 


King's order from Whitehall to the Earl of Clarendon, 
then the Irish Viceroy, recommending to his Excel- 
lency Dr. Dominick Maguire, then Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of Armagh, and the other prelates of that 
communion in Ireland, " for patronage and protection 
upon all occasions ; " and desiring his Excellency to 
recommend to the Prelates of the established church, 
and to the Sheriffs and Justices of the Peace there, 
not to molest the Roman Catholic clergy, in the exer- 
cise of their ecclesiastical functions amongst those of 
their own communion. The King further directed 
the payment of certain sums out of the Irish Exche- 
quer to the said Catholic Primate to be partly for 
himself, and other parts in trust annuities for certain 
other proscribed Roman Catholic Bishops'* The 
total sum so allocated for this hierarchy was £2,190 
per annum, to be paid to the Primate, ' without any 
account impressed or other charges to be set upon him.' 
Lord Enniskillen, though here ranked as but a Cap- 
tain, was Lord Lieutenant of the County of Fermanagh, 
afterwards sat as a Peer in the Parliament of 1689, 
and ultimately commanded in this campaign a Regi- 
ment which he had himself raised. He fought at 
Aughrim, where fell Colonel Art Mac Guire, *one of 
the chief noblemen of Ulster, and a stout warrior.' 
Another Infantry Regiment, alluded to hereafter, was 
led by Colonel Cuconnaght Mac Guire, the Deputy 
Lieutenant of Fermanagh ; while in the Earl of Clan- 
carty's Infantry Alexander Mac Guire was a Captain. 

* O^Callaghan^s Maoariae Excidium, p. 308. 

EAHL OF Antrim's infantky. 545 

The Attainders of 1691 present the names of Lord 
Enniskillen, Cuconnaght of Lisnaskea, County of 
Fermanagh (of whom hereafter) ; Alexander, also of 
Lisnaskea; Thomas of Mullintoosse, County of Antrim; 
James of Ballinecurvin, County of Cork ; and Domi- 
nick Mac Gwire, ' commonly called Primate of Ire- 
land.' After the Capitulation of Limerick, Lord 
Enniskillen accompanied the Irish army to France, 
but, having no Regiment assigned to him there, he 
retired to St. Germains, where he died in October, 
1708, aged 67. He was succeeded by his brother 
Philip, the sixth Ix)rd Enniskillen, as he was styled ; 
who by his wife, the daughter of Sir Phelim O'Neill 
of Kinard, and sister to Brigadier Gordon O'Neill, 
had a son Theophilus, seventh titular Lord Ennis- 
killen ; the son of which latter nobleman, by his Lady 
Margaret O'Donnell of the Tyrconnel line, was named 
Alexander, and accounted eighth Lord Enniskillen. 
He was an oflBcer of the Irish Brigades, and, about the 
middle of the last century, a Captain in Bulkeley's 


The researches of O'Callaghan, in his recent History 
of the Irish Brigade, p. 312, &c. are so full and satis- 
factory, as to leave little necessity for further illustra- 
ting the name of O'Donnell here. Only let it be 
added that, in 1494, Hugh Oge O'Donnell, ' Prince of 

* O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 278, where see of 
other Mac Guires distinguished in foreign service. 


Tyrconnel,' was received with great honour by James 
the Fourth of Scotland at Glasgow ;* and Pinkerton, 
in his ' Scotland^ (vol. 11, p. 59) mentions a corre- 
spondence between these individuals as extant. This 
O'Donnel went in 1505 on a pilgrimage to Rome, 
going and returning through London, where he was 
on both occasions entertained with great honour by 
King Henry the Seventh ; and in 1511 he received 
knighthood at the Justs which Henry the Eighth held 
at Westminster, in honour of the birth of a Princcf 
Yet this monarch is shown to have taken much umbrage 
at the friendly intercourse so existing between the 
O'Donnells and the Scottish Kings.J 

In 1529, Roderic O'Donnel was Bishop of Derry. 
In three years after, O'Donnel did covenant with Sir 
William SkeflBngton that, if the King wished to reform 
Ireland, of which it would seem the Irish chief enter- 
tained some doubt, he and his people would gladly be 
governed by the laws of England.§ In 1567, Hugh 
O'Donnel was knighted by Sir Henry Sydney ; in 
the following year he became chief of his Sept, and 
was father of Hugh Roe O'Donnel, who was treache- 
rously carried off from Donegal in the time of Sir 
John Perrot's government, and, to the discn^dit and 
injury of the English interest, was confined in the 
Castle of Dublin, whence he twice made his escape. 
On the last occasion, he kindled a war in his native 

* Comp'. Thes. Scotiae. 

t Ellis's Letters, 2nd series^ vol. 1, p. 224. { Idem. 

§ Davis's Hist. Rel. p. 52. 


territory, which expelled the English from the Castle 
of Donegal, and regained his whole country from 
them, with such acts of implacable hostility as the re- 
collection of his own suffering stimulated. He was in 
truth an extraordinary man, of talents, courage, liter- 
ary acquirements, and personal attractions that pro- 
jected him to the admiration of his age. Betham, in 
the first part of his Andqtmrian Researches^ furnishes 
very fully, from an Irish manuscript, his history and 
achievements. In 1601, with the flower and strength 
of Ulster, he flew to co-operate with the Spaniards in 
ttie siege of Kinsale, but was obliged to give up the 
cause by the precipitancy of the Spanish commander. 
He thereupon retired with him to Spain, where, says 
Leland,* "he was every where received by that 
proud nation with all that pomp and magnificence 
which is paid to blood Royal only." He died in 
1602, and was buried with great magnificence at 
Yalladolid. The O'Donnel, who thereupon assumed 
the chiefry, joined with O'Neill in the desperate resist- 
ance to English rule, that was only terminated by the 
flight of both these chiefe to the continent, when the 
extinction of their sway left the most valuable part 
of Ulster, upwards of 800,000 English acres, at the 
disposal of the Crown, which exercised its power in 
the memorable Plantation of that Province. 

King James, early in his reign, granted to Roderic 
ODonnell, * brother to the arch-traitor Hugh O'Don- 
nell, lately deceased in Spain,' the title and dignity 

* Hist. Ireland, vol. 1, In trod. p. 9. 

NN 2 


of Earl of Tyrconnel, with remainder to his heirs 
male ; and, in defect thereof to his brother Galfred or 
CaflFry O'Donnell and his heirs male, with the title of 
Baron of Donegal to his heir apparent ; making, at 
the same time, a more substantial grant to him, on 
like entails of the territories or countries in the pre- 
cinct of Tyrconnel, in as large and ample manner as his 
brother Hugh Ruath O'Donnell, attainted, and dead 
in Spain, or his father Hugh Ale Manus O'Donnell, or 
his grandfather Manus Mc Donnell, or any other of 
his ancestors had enjoyed or i>ossessed the same ; 
reserving to the Crown all churches, abbeys, tithes, 
and certain castles ; also excepting all manoi-s, lands, 
and estates which the Earl or any of his ancestors at 
any time possessed within O'Doghertie's country, and 
reserving also to the Crown the i)Ower of erecting 
forts on the premises so granted.* The Act of 1612, 
for the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his 
' accomplices,' inclu<led in its desolating ]x?nalties the 
above Caffry O'Donel, brother to the then late Earl 
of Tyrconnel, of CafFersconse, County of Donegal ; 
Caffry Oge O'Donel of Starfollis, and Donell Oge 
O'Donel, late of Donegal in said County. The Kil- 
kenny Assembly of the Confederate Catholics in 1646 
was attended by Hugh O'Donell of Ramelton. Of 
this S(?pt was Daniel O'Donnell, who, in December, 
1688, was apiK)inted Captain of a Company in the 
Royal service, and in 1689 was authorised to rank 
and act as a Colonel. After the capitulation of 

• Rot. Pat. 1, Jac. 1, in Cane. Hib. 


Limerick, he passed over to France, where he suc- 
ceeded Colonel Nicholas Fitz-Gerald in the command 
of Fitz-James's Regiment. He also served on the 
coast of Normandy with the Irish and French forces, 
then designed for the invasion of England ; after- 
wards in Germany and Piedmont ; and ultimately he 
retired to St. Germains-en-Laye, where he died in 
1735, in the seventieth year of his age.* 

The achievements of Brigadier Baldearg Ruadh 
O'Donnell in this campaign are of peculiar interest. 
The Irish, placing faith in some ancient prophecy, 
wilfully believed that he would be raised to deliver 
Ireland from the English yoke. " He was," (writes 
Colonel O'Kelly in the Excidium Macarios^ pp. 125-6, 
&c. ) " heir presumptive to the second Prince of Uls- 
ter, that O'Donnell who, at the close of Queen Eliza- 
beth's reign, retired into Spain, where he died without 
issue. His brother also died there, but leaving one 
son, who was carried oflF by sickness in the flower of 
his age ; whereupon Baldearg, being next of kin, 
went into Spain, where he was received with honour 
by the King, and established in the dignity and 
employment theretofore filled by his kinsman. After 
serving several years in the Spanish wars against 
France, when he heard of the Prince of Orange 
invasion of England, and James's return to Ireland, 
he solicited from the Spanish court permission to 
quit service there, in order to serve his own King 
and country ; but, being unable to obtain his dis- 

♦ O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades, vol. 1, p. 221. 


charge, by reason that the Irish and their King urere 
then strictly leagued with Louis the Fourteenth, he 
left Spain without any license, and arrived at Einsale 
much about the time that James the Second came 
thither after the engagement on the Boyne. [King 
James did not, however, come so far south.] The 
King recommending him to Tyrconnel, he gave him 
the command of the new levies raised by the inhabi- 
tants of Ulster, who were then retired into Con- 
naught ; but afforded him neither arms nor mainte- 
nance ; and, observing soon after that O'Donnel grew 
popular among the old Irish, and especially with the 
natives of Ulster, who superstitiously believed him to 
be the prophesied deliverer of Ireland, he took firom 
him some of the new legions, whom he incorporated 
in the standing army, leaving him and the rest with- 
out any manner of subsistence, but what they were 
forced to extort from the country. He also encou- 
raged the nobles of Ulster, and even the officers of 
his own Brigade to oppose him, in order to suppress 
his aspiring mind, and render him contemptible to 
the people ; but his chiefest aim was to breed jealou- 
sies between him and Brigadier Gordon O'Neill, who 
was descended from the first Prince of Ulster ; for he 
apprehended (and perhaps he had reason) that if the 
forces of Ulster, all composed of old Irish, were united 
together, they might easily obstruct his design to 
reduce Ireland under the jurisdiction of William the 
Third, in order to preserve there the English interest, 
which is held so sacred by those of England, and 


even by some natives of Ireland deriving their ex- 
traction thence (whereof Tyrconnel was himself one). 
O'Donnel was at that time posted at Jamestown, to 
defend the Shannon on that side ; and, when De 
Ginkle forced over a passage at Athlone, he had 
orders sent to him in all haste to march straight to 
Galway ; but, to satisfy Tyrconnel and those of his 
party, who loudly declared that to entrust a person, 
of his credit among the ancient Irish, with a place of 
that consequence, was in effect to abrogate the Royal 
authority in Ireland ; the first orders were counter- 
manded, and he was bid to dispose of his men into 
several posts for the defence of the western parts of 

After the fatal day of Aughrim, Baldearg was 
ordered to gather yi his scattered force with the 
object of strengthening Galway. The enemy, how- 
ever, had taken measures to prevent his throwing 
succour into that tovm. Its surrender decided Bal- 
dearg's course, and in August, 1691, he arranged 
with De Ginkle's agent to go over to the cause of 
King William, "provided he might have the men 
he brought over with him admitted to pay, in 
order to serve his Majesty in Flanders or elsewhere, 
and that himself should be created Earl of Tyrconnel, 
a title to which he claimed an ancestral right ; he 
likewise required that £2,000 should be given to 
him.** "The General," adds Story, "thought it 
politic to consent to some of ODonnel's propositions, 

• Story's Impart. Hist. pt. 2, p. 182. 


and from the following Christmas he and Colonel 
Henry Luttrel received each a yearly pension of 
£500. Of his doings in September, 1691, in the 
country l>etween Sligo and Boyle, see the Annals of 
Boyle, vol. 1. Ultimately, "with about 1200 of his 
own men, he joined 800 of the Williamite Ulster 
forces, and then joined Lieutenant-General Arthur 
Forbes, Earl of Granard, with 5,000 more Williamite 
militia and a train of artillery from Leinster, that 
were commissioned to reduce Sir Teague O'Regan in 
Sligo."* The Memoir of James the Second speaks 
very disparagingly of Baldearg, as that " he had set 
up for a sort of independent commander ; and, having 
got together no less than eight Regiments newly 
i-aised, with a crowd of loose men over and above, he 
lived in a manner at discretion, so that those troops 
were in effect but a rabble, that destroyed the country, 
ruined the inhabitants, and prevented the regular 
forces from drawing that subsistence, they might 
otherwise have had from the i^eojilcf 

At the battle of Aughrim, a Major O'Donnell was 
killed, possibly the above Manus, here a Captain. 
The Attainders of 1691 present the names of three 
O'Donnells in Armagh, and of seven in Donegal, 
including this Captain Manus, described as of 
Boylagh, County of Donegal. O'Conor in his MilU 
tary Memoirs, mentions another O'Donnel, Conal, 
who he says mised a Regiment of Foot for King 

• O'Gallaghan's Excidium Macarise, p. 14, &c. 
t Clarke's James II. vol. 2, p. 434. 


James, which was afterwards brigaded, and was about 
1709 incorporated in Lee's and O'Brien's Brigades; in 
which year Conal distinguished himself at Mons, as 
he did in 1712 at Cambray. Another Conal O'Don- 
nell, the grand-nephew of the illustrious Hugh 
* Ruadh,' was a Field-Marshal and Generalissimo in 
the Austrian Army, and Governor of Transylvania in 
the reign of Maria Theresa. He died in 1771.* In 
1805, Charles Count O'Donel, a Major-General in the 
Austrian service, was killed at Neresheim.f Colonel 
d'Abisbal, who distinguished himself in Spain during 
the late Peninsular war, was of this family. J 


This seems to have been one of the families intro- 
duced into Ulster by the Plantation. In 1642, was 
attainted John Magill, described in his outlawry as of 
Naptown, County of Dublin; he was, however, a con- 
siderable landed proprietor in Down, and on the hold- 
ing of the Commission respecting the confiscations of 
that period, he was adjudged an 'innocent Protestant.' 
In 1660, he was Sheriff of that County, and his de- 
scendants continued inheritors of Gill-Hall therein 
until the time of Queen Anne; and the name is still on 
the Roll of Magistrates in three or four Ulster 
Counties. It appears from the Proceedings in the 
Court at Chichester House in 1700, that the above 

• Betham's Ant. Res. p. 191. t Wem. J Idem, p. 192. 

554 KiXG James's irish army list. 

Captain was a Leaseholder of the lands of Erginagh, 
County of Antrim ; the fee of which, on his attainder, 
was claimed hj Hugh ColvilL A Bryan Magill also 
then forfeited lands in the same County. 


The eariiest Irish Annalists record the high antiquity 
of this Sept, giving them the title of Kings of West 
Brefny, a territory which, in modern parlance, com- 
prised the whole County of Leitrim, with the Barony 
of Tullaghagh, County of Cavan, and a portion of that 
of Carbury, County of Sligo ; the same authority sets 
down some of the race as Kings of Connaught on the 
first use of the surname. Tiernan O'Rourke was 
King of Brefny and Conmacne at the time of the 
English invasion, an event which is popularly attribu- 
ted to the seduction of his wife by Dermot Mac Mur- 
rough. In 1376, say the Four Masters, "died 
Teigue O'Rourke, Lord of Brefny, when Tiernan his 
son assumed the Lordship of Brefiiy. On the occasion 
of Sir John Perrot's Conciliation Parliament, "thither 
went the chiefs of Gairbhthrian (i. e. the rough 
districts) of Connaught, namely O'Rourke, Captain of 
West Brefny, i. e. Bryan the son of Bryan, son of 
Owen O'Rourke ; &c."* This unfortunate chief, 
having hospitably received the crew of some of the 
Armada vessels, which were cast on his shores, incur- 

* Annals of the Four Masters. 


red the jealousy of Queen Elizabeth's government, and 
was by the Lord President driven into Scotland, 
where he was seized by the government there, de- 
livered to Elizabeth, and afterwards executed in Lon- 
don as a traitor.* 

In 1604, King James granted to Thadeus or Teigue 
O'Rourke, "only legitimate son of Sir Bryan 
O'Rourke," various Lordships and Manors in 
" O'Rourke's territory. County of Leitrim," which had 
previously belonged to Sir Bryan O'Rourke, and which 
had been by him according to the policy of the day sur- 
rendered to Sir John Perrot, with the object of obtain- 
ing a re-grant thereof in tail male. King James's 
grant is stated to comprise 166 quarters of land, with 
castles, manors, advowsons, &c., the patentee to hold 
same thenceforth at knight's service when required, 
and presenting to the Lord Deputy yearly at Easter, 
" a fair chief horse, and a piece of gold with the 
words 'serviendo Gvherruf engraved thereon-^f At the 
supreme Council of Kilkenny in 1646, Hugh 
O'Rourke of Cooncrena was one of the Commons. 
The Act of Explanation (1665) saved the rights of 
this Ensign Con O'Rourke to his estates in the 
County of Leitrim. Besides him, Michael Rourke 
was an Ensign in Colonel Henry Dillon's Regiment of 
Infantry. The Attainders of 1696 comprise the 
names of Brian Fitz-Francis O'Rourke of Galovrea, 
Brian Oge O'Rourke of Camegreve, Terence Mac 

* Leland's Ireland, vol. 2, p. 822. 
t Pat. Boll in Chancery, temp. Jas. 1. 


Brian O'Rourke of Lallagh, Rourke Fitz-Con 
O'Rourke, and Tliady and John O'Rourke of Dungebb, 

all in the County of Leitrim. Several of the 

O'Rourkes have been distinguished in the service of 
foreign Potentates of Europe; as Count Owen 
O'Rourke of the Austrian army in the time of Maria 
Theresa ; Count John O'Rourke,* who served as a 
Commander in the armies of Russia, Poland and 
France, between the years 1760 and 1780; and 
another Count Owen, who was married to a niece of 
Field-Marshal de Lacy. 

* See of him, Walkers Hibernian Mag. for 1782, p. 147. 








The Colonel 

' 1 John Power. 

( Bic^ard Fitzgerald. 

I David Power. 

Thomas Nugent. 

John Power. 

Garrett Russell. 


Richard Kagle, 


James Magrath. 
Edward BaUer. 

> James Bryan. 

Denis Bryan. 

Joseph CJomerford. 

Lewis Bryan. 

Peter Aylwsrd. 

Valentine Wal«h. 

Thomas Nugent. 

S Thomas Russell 
i Thady Connor. 

James Power. 

13?h':'^rjr'^°"^»-' rower. 

Francis Cruice. 

Jenico Preston. 

1 Thomas Bedford. 
{John Waliih. 

Lord CastleconneL 

John Bjme. 

Andrew Rice. 

Lord Cahir. 

John Madden. 

Thomas Power. 

Piers Walsh. 

Nichohis Murphy. 

Piers Dobbins. 

Dominick Forriter. 

Edmund Fitzgerald. 

William Carroll 

Andrew Bice. 

John Ronan. 

Hogh M'Namara. 

Michael Murphy. 

Edmund Fitzgerald. 
Nicholas Stafford. 

Francis Garvan. 

Joseph 'Neagle.' 

Robert Walsh. 

Robert Barry. 


An illustration of this native Royal family would de- 
mand more space, than in the prescribed limits of this 
work can be aflForded. Here it must suffice to remark 


that the territory of Tyrone gave to them a title of 
tenure, recognized by even the English invaders from 
the earliest period. When Edward the First and 
Edward the Second invited the aid of the Magnates of 
Ireland against Scotland, a Letter Missive was 
directed to Donald O'Neill, as ' Dux Hibernicorum de 
Tyrowyn.' In the last year of the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, Con O'Neill, the Ulster chief, having an 
affray with some of the Queen's soldiers in Belfast, an 
Inquest was ordered to be held, in which Con, with 
some of his adherents, was found guilty of waging 
war against the Queen ; but, before any grant could 
be made of his thereby confiscated lands, her 
Majesty died ; and, on the accession of James of Scot- 
land, Montgomery, Laird of Braidstane, applied to the 
King for a grant of half of Con's lands, recommending 
that the other half should be given with a free pardon 
to Con himself ; in which appropriation Mr. James 
Hamilton was subsequently made a participator. 
Con was the more induced to accede to this arrange- 
ment, and even with thanks, as it was insinuated that, 
from the date of the Act attainting the O'Neills and 
confiscating their territories (11th of Elizabeth), he 
(Con) was but a usurper on the rights of the Crown. 
Thus in 1606 commenced the celebrated Plantation of 
the O'NeilFs Province of Ulster, and such is the 
suggestion of its origin as given in the ' Montgomery 
Manuscripts,' which are, as might be expected, most 
eloquent on the results. 

The Act of 1612, for the Attainder of the Earl of 


Tyrone, included with him Hugh his eldest and Henry 
his second sons, and Art Oge Mac Cormock O'Neill, 
late of Clogher, County of Tyrone. In a Report 
made about this time to the Council, as ' of the Irish 
then in the King of Spain's service or dominions,' Don 
John O'Neill Earl of Tyrone, Colonel of the Irish in 
Flanders, is the first name recorded ; and is followed 
by Don Hugh O'Donnell, Earl of Tyrconnel, page to 
the Infanta in Flanders ; Don Dermot O'Sullivan, 
Earl of Beerhaveh ; Don Eugene O'Neill, serving as 
Major ; Don Arthur O'Neill, Captain Cormock 
O'Neill, Don Thady O'SuUivan, Captain Cormock 
O'Donnell, Samuel Mac Donnell, Owen O'Hanlon, 
Robert Davis, Owen Carthy, Don Redmond Bourke, 
Baron of Leitrim ; Don Balthazar Bourke, page of 
the chamber ; William Bourke ; Maurish, Thomas 
and Edward Fitz-Gerald, Gerald Mac Maurish, and 
many others.* The Attainders of 1642 comprise but 
four minor names of this great family. Of the Con- 
federate Catholics at the Supreme Council of Kilkenny 
were Henry O'Neill of Kilbeg, Phelim O'Neill of Mor- 
ley, and^ Turlough of Ardgonnel. The latter was bro- 
ther to the celebrated Sir Phelim O'Neill, and was in 
Cromwell's Act of 1652, together with Hugh Buy 
O'Neill and Shane Mac Brian O'Neill, excepted from 
pardon for life and estate. In 1687, Sir Bryan 
O'Neill, Baronet, was appointed a Justice of the 
King's Bench of Ireland ; while, on the Establishment 
at the close of this year, Richard, Earl of Tyrone, was 
placed for a pension of £300 per arm, 

• MSS. in Trill. CoU. Dub. (E. 3, 8.) 

560 Kixr, James's irisu army list. 

Besides the ubove Colonel, the name api^ars upon 
this Army List commanding or commissioned in seven 
other Regiments. In the Parliament of Dublin 
(1689) sat Constantine O'Neill, one of the Represent- 
atives for the Borough of Ai-magh ; Colonel Connuck 
O'NeUl for the County of Antrim ; Tool O'Neill, of 
Dromnavilly, County of Down, for the borough of 
Killileagh ; Colonel Goixlon O'Neill for the County of 
Tyrone ; Colonel Arthur of Ballygawley, for the 
borougli of Dungannon, and Daniel for that of 
Lisburn. This latter individual aftenvards accompa- 
nied King James to France. He was subsequently 
pardoned by King William, and invited by that 
Monarch to return and ivsume the possession of his 
Irish estates ; in resiwct to which Royal indulgcince, 
he procecMled as far as Calais on his liomewanl route, 
but there, under seven* visitations of sickness from 
wounds he had received at tlie Battle of the Boyne, 
lie died. King William, when informed of his death, 
bestowed £20,000 on his daughter and only child, 
as a provision on her marriage with Hugh O'Reilly of 
Ballinlough. In 1690, SeptemlK^r 28th, the above 
Karl of Tyrone was one of the Irish parties, who nego- 
tiated the terms for surrendering Cork to Colonel 
Churehhill,* afterwards Duke of Marlborough. In 
July, 1691, one Captain Bryan O'Neill, with most of 
his Company, deserted to King William, and took the 
oath of fidelity to him -/f in reference to which notice 
it may be remarked, that there are two Bryans 

• Story's Iiiipnr. Hist., pt. 1, p. 1-12. f Wem, pt.2, p. 173. 


Captains in this Army List, in Colonel Connuck 
O'Neill's Infantry, and two Lieutenants in the Earl of 
Antrim's. The Inquisitions of 1691 on attainders of 
O'Neills exceed one hundred, on foot of which various 
claims were made and some allowed at Chichester 
House in 1700. The Earl, who commanded this 
Regiment, it is to be remarked, did not sit in King 
James's Parliament, and in 1697 (22nd April) he ob- 
tained a pardon under the Great Seal, grounded on 
his allegations with proof, that after the surrender of 
Waterford he had come over to King William, that he 
was a Protestant, never outlawed nor indicted, and in 
point of fact then Governor of the County and City of 
Waterford. O'Conor, in his Military Memoirs of the 
Irish, gives sundry notices of the O'Neill Sept and 
their achievements in the Brigades, and particularly 
mentions (p. 399) that at the battle of Fontenoy in 
1745, * Monsieur O'Neill,' Lieutenant-Colonel of Clare's 
Begiment, was killed. 


Ortelius's map locates this family in the Barony of 
Shelbume, County of Wexford. It extended also into 
the adjoining Counties of Kilkenny and Waterford; 
in the Corporate History of Waterford, indeed, its 
members appear frequently on the Roll of Mayors 
from 1432 to the Revolution. In the Reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, Garret or Gerald Comerford was one of 



the Councellors appointed by the Lord Deputy, Sir 
Cliarles Blount, to be assistant to the Lord President 
of Munster in the discharge of his arduous duties ; his 
actings in whicli trust are repeatedly noticed in the 
Pacata Hibernia. He ranked as second Justice of 
Munster, and was in 1 G03 advanced to be the third 
Baron of the Irish Exchequer. Pierce Comerford, 
described as of Mangin, County of Wicklow, is the 
only individual of the name who appears on the Roll 
of the 1642 Attainders. At the Supreme Council of 
the Confederate Catholics (1646, &c.), Dr. Patrick 
Comerford, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Waterford, 
sat as one of the Spiritual Peers, while Edward Comer- 
ford of Callan was of the Commons. On this Army 
liist, besides the above Captain Joseph, there are com- 
missioned, in Colonel Thomas Butler's Foot, Michael 
Comerford a Lieutenant, and James and Garret 
Ensigns ; and in Colonel Dudley Bagnall's, John Com- 
erford was an Ensign. On the Attainders of 1691 
are four, of the County of Kilkenny, with Thomas 
Comerford of Enniscorthy. In 1709, John Comer- 
ford was a Colonel in the Spanish Brigade ;* and in 
1747, Lieutenant Comerford, of Bulkeley's Regiment, 
was wounded at Lauffield. 

This name is of record in Ireland from the time of 

* O'Conor 8 Military Memoirs, p. 351. 


Edward the Third. In 1587, the Queen, by letters 
under the Privy Seal, commanded that Nicholas 
Walsh, who had been Chief Justice of Munster, and 
was then Second Justice of the Bench in Dublin, 
should be sworn of Her Majesty's Privy Council. He 
was subsequently promoted by King James to be 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. A little genea- 
logical manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin, (F. iii. 
27), gives some links of the pedigree of the Walshes 
of Killencargy, County of Wicklow, and of Kil- 
gobbin, Carrickmines, and Shanganagh, County of 
Dublin, for many generations. Amongst the ' En- 
glished Irish,' reported in the time of James the 
First to be sojourning after the siege of Kinsale 
in the King of Spain's dominions, were "William 
Walsh, Nicholas * Wise,' Captain Thomas Preston, 
James Gemon, Walter De la Hoyde, (who served 
the ancient Irish in the last war), George De la 
Hoyde, Captain Bathe, Thomas Stanyhurst, John 
Bathe, Ac." In 1599, Sir Nicholas ' Welch' was one 
of the Councillors appointed by the Lord Deputy to 
be assistant on the President of Munster, his acts in 
which duty are detailed in the Pacata Hibemia. In 
1605, Sir Oliver Lambert, Knight, Privy Councillor, 
had a grant of {inter alia) estates of Richard and 
Oliver *Walshe,' in the King's County, both of whom, 
as the patent alleges, were * slain in rebellion against 
Queen Elizabeth.' 

There were of Walshes attainted in 1642, six in the 
County of Kildare, five in Wicklow, four in Dublin, 

00 2 

/>64 KINO James's irisii army list. 

and one in Meath. At the Kilkenny Assembly in 
1646, Thomas Walsh, the Roman Catholic Archbishop 
of Dublin, was of the Spiritual Peers, while Michael 
and William of Park, County of Wicklow, with 
John of Ballybechaine, and John of Wallford, were of 
the Commons. An inquisition, tiiken in 1617, finds 
that John Walsh, of the old stock at Shanganagh, 
died in 1671, seised in tail-male of Kilturk, 'Connagh,' 
Cork, and Little Bray ; that he held same directly 
under the King by military service, and that Edward 
Walsh is his son and heir. On the subsequent death 
of this Edward without issue, these estates passed to 
his brother, in whose time by a private Act of the 
Irish Parliament (11th Anne, chap. 4) the Cork or 
Corkagh parcel was sold for the payment of debts. 
Besides the above two Captains in this Regiment, 
Robert Walsh was a Lieutenant and John Walsh an 
Ensign ; while in Lord Galmoy's Horse, Lewis and 
Oliver Walsh were Cornets. In Colonel Cormuck 
O'Neiirs Infantry, James was an Ensign, and in 
Colonel John Grace's, Robert Walsh was a Captain 
and Adam Walsh an Ensign. This Robert, described 
as ' of Cloneshy,' was one of the Representatives of 
the County of Kilkenny in the Parliament of 1689 
at Dublin. 

Both Captains Valentine and Peirs were of the Sept 
distinguished as ' Walsh of the Mountains.' The 
former was attiiinted in 1691, described as of Pil- 
town. County of Waterford, as was Piers of Guning, 
County of Kilkenny, with ten others in the latter 

EARL OF Tyrone's infantry. 565 

County, five in Wexford, two of Wicklow, and two 
of Dublin. The only Walsh estate, on which a claim 
was made at Chichester House, was that of Robert 
Walsh in the County of Kilkenny, whereon Mary his 
widow claimed the fee of tithes and glebes found to 
be forfeited by him, but which she alleged were hers 

under the will of Piers Walsh, her father. Of the 

Walshes in foreign Brigades and service see fully 
OCaUagharis Brigades^ vol. 1, p. 180, &c. In 
1745, 12th July, a merchant of Nantes, of the name 
of Walsh, is mentioned by Voltaire (Siecle Louis 
XIV. J vol. 4, p. 58) as the son of an Irishman 
attached to the house of Stuart ; adding that he was 
the person who furnished Prince Charles-Edward with 
a frigate, in which he embarked at the above date 
' for the Crown of Great Britain.' The ' relics' of 
Walsh's Regiment, when stationed at Vannes in 1792, 
and the names of the respective officers, are given in 
the Reminiscences of an Emigrant Milesian, (v. 2, 
pp. 175-6.) 


Of this Anglo-Norman family, which had, on the con- 
quest of England, settled in Cornwall, a branch came 
to Ireland with the invaders of Henry the Second's 
time, and obtained grants, from the successful 'Strong- 
bow' and Prince John, of various estates in the 
Counties of Dublin and Meath : those in the former 


included the glen of the Naul, on the boundary of 
each. At its head a member of this family erected 
that castle whose ruins feintly testify its former im- 
portance, and in which his descendants resided down 
to the time of Charles the First. Stephen 'de Crues' 
was the individual seised of the Naul in the time of 
Richard the First and King John. His lineal descen- 
dant, Hugh 'de Crues,* married the heiress of Sir 
Henry Tyrrell, to whom the Chief Serjeantcy of 
Leinster was granted by Prince John ; and by this 
marriage, according to the construction of the law at 
that period, Tyrrel's estates, with the serjeantcy, 
passed to this Hugh, and his filling such office at the 
time is proved by a roll in the Tower of London. 
His grandson, Nicholas ' de Cruys,' had licence to 
enfeoflF his son Robert in the estates and serjeantcy; 
soon after which, Robert dying, King Edward the 
Second, in 1320, committed to the Royal Escheator 
the custody of his estates, &c., to hold during the 
minority of his son Richard. In 1346, Thomas, son 
of a Peter de Cruys, was commissioned, with the 
Baron of Slane and others, to parley with the disaffect- 
ed Irish of Meath, and induce them to allegiance. 
Walter de Cruys was about the same time confirmed 
by Edward the Third in his seisin of the manor of 
Balrothery, which his father had held before him ; 
while another branch of the family was then seised of 
the manor of Stillorgan, at the south side of the Lif- 
foy. By an inquisition taken in 1356, it was found 
tliat tlie King's Escheator, acting on the aforesaid 


authority of 1320, had seised upon sundry lands 
which were held by military service of De Cruys's 
manor of the Naul ; that Richard, then a minor, 
having subsequently attained age acquired same, and 
died seised thereof in 1338, leaving John de Cruys his 
heir, who died in 1359, similarly seised of the manor 
of the Naul, as well as of other lands in Cruisetown 
and Altemash, which last he held of the Lady Eliza- 
beth de Burgo, as of her manor of Kells. Margaret, 
the only child and heiress of this John, had previously 
married Simon Cruise, and thus kept the estates, &c. 
in the same name and family. That Simon acquired 
the serjeantcy also, and acted in discharge of its duties, 
is proved by a record of 1376 in the office of the 
Chief Remembrancer, Dublin. In that year a John 
Cruys, who appears to have been a son of this Simon, 
was elected a confidential envoy to England, to com- 
municate with the government there on the state of 
Ireland, and he received £20 as remuneration for his 
expenses of travel and sojourn. In 1380, he was 
summoned to a Parliament convened to meet at 
Baltinglas ; in two years after was appointed one of 
the guardians of the Peace for the Counties of Dublin 
and Meath ; in 1385, filled the office of Justice in 
Eyre, and in the same year had a treasury liberate 
for his expenses and services in a military expedition 
against the OTooles and other 'Irish enemies,' on 
which occasion he was badly wounded. In 1386, 
the King's Escheator was ordered to give possession 
of the manors of Clonmore and Mansfieldstown in the 

568 KING James's irish army list. 

County of Louth to (as it would seem) this John and 
Matilda his wife. In the following year, he and 
John D'Arcy, then Sheriff of Meath, had similar 
commission with that which was given to Thomas 
de Cruys in 1346. 

In 1394, John Cruys was summoned to a great 
council, and in 1399, by a writ reciting that, whereas 
John Cruys, *chevaler,' held 160 acres at Thomcastle 
(Booterstown near Dublin), the rent of which to the 
Crown he was unable to discharge, by reason of the 
premises being subject to be burned and laid waste 
by adjoining Irish enemies of the mountains ; it was 
thereupon directed that he should be exempted from 
any such payments during his life. An inquisition 
of 1407 finds that this John had died seised, in his 
own right and in right of his wife, of the manors of 
Merrion, Thorncastle, Killsallaghan, Rathmore, Do- 
naghpatrick and Ballgyhen, with portions of those of 
Duleek, Dundalk, and Kenlis, of which Thomas, who 
was their son and heir, became afterwards possessed ; 
while a James Cruys, who married Catherine Plunket, 
had livery from the Crown of the inheritance of the 
Naul, with the office of Chief Serjeant* It is of record 
that, on some untrue suggestions to the Crown, this 
office was afterwards conferred on a Walter Groulding, 
who and his descendants for four generations usurped 
the office, until in the time of Edward the Sixth 
(1552) Walter, described as the descendant and heir 
of the above James Cruys, proceeded to recover the 

* Lynches Feudal Dignities, pp. 104, &c. 


office before the Lord Deputy and Privy Council, 
when, "after the production and examination of divers 
and several ancient and authentic writings, deeds, 
licences, and inquisitions ; and, after allowing a long 
time to the counsel for the Crown, to show any title 
in the King, when passing the patent to Goulding, 
it was decreed and adjudged that the said Walter 
Cruys's ancestors were all, under the grant from King 
John, lineally seised and possessed of said office, and 
that said Walter should be immediately restored to 
the possession thereof, and enjoy same according to 
said grant of King John. In 1610, it was found on 
inquisition that Christopher, son and heir of Walter 
de Cruys, was seised of the manors of Naul, Grallagh, 
and Cruisetown in the Counties of Dublin and Meath, 
and also in his demesne as in fee of the Chief Ser- 
jeantcy of the County of Dublin^ "which office was 
granted to his ancestor by the most serene Prince 
John, formerly King of England, to be held from him 
and his successors by military service ; that said Chris- 
topher died in that year (1610), and was succeeded 
by his grandson and heir, Christopher Cruise, who 
continued seised thereof to the time of the civil war, 
when he forfeited on attainder the manor of the 
Naul and other lands in the County of Dublin, with 
the Castle and 500 acres, which were granted to 
Charles, Viscount Fitz-Harding.* With him were 
then attainted Walter Cruise of Cruisetown, County of 
Meath, and Peter Cruise of the Naul. The lat- 

* D'Alton's Hist. County of Dublin, pp. 487 & 494. 

570 KING James's irish army list. 

ter was transplanted, on a Connaught debenture, into 
that Province, and from him are the western Cruises 
principally descended. Their previous existence, how- 
ever, in Clare is shown by an annal of the Four Mas- 
ters at 1584, where is stated that, when Sir John 
Perrot was on his memorable circuit, to persuade or 
compel the gentry of that devoted Province to com- 
pound for titles to their estates, "he was waited upon 
at Quin Abbey (in Clare), where he stopped, by 

Cruise, then SheriflF of the County." In five 

years after the same annalists record an engagement 
between the Burkes and the people of Inchiquin, in 
which " Thomas, the son of Christopher Cruise, was 
slain." In 1646, Walter Cruise of Arlonan was one 
of the Supreme Council at Kilkenny. In 1668, a 
confirmatory grant of lands in the County of Louth 
to Mary and John Fowke contained a saving of the 
right of a Christopher Cruise to a mortgage thereon. 
The Attainders of 1691 broke the fortunes of many 
of the name, and in particular of Patrick Cruise of 
Taberath, County of Meath, and Patrick Cruise of 
Dublin, M.D.; from whom, as well as from the above- 
mentioned Walter of Cruisetown, are descended the 
Cruises of Rahood, Belgart, Drynam, &c., in short all 
the Cruises of Leinster, as well as some in Munster. 
Drynam had been the estate of the Russells, but, by 
the marriage of Andrew Cruise of the old Naid line 
with Bridget, the daughter and heiress of Bartholo- 
mew Russell, in 1771, ante p. 436. William Robert 
Russell Cruise, the great grandson of that marriage, 
now represents those two lines. 



This family is of Irish record from the time of 
Edward the Third. " It was,** writes the Reverend 
Mr. Rowan to the compiler of these papers, " a family 
established at Dingle in the County of Kerry, and 
conspicuous in the troubles of 1641, &c., when a 
member, Piers Ferriter, was taken prisoner and exe- 
cuted by Cromwell's commander. Brigadier Neilson, 
at Kilkenny." Besides this officer, Edmund Ferriter 
stands upon the Army List a Captain in Colonel 
Nicholas Browne's Infantry ; neither name, however, 
appears on the subsequent Attainders, but only those 
of Maurice Ferriter of Ballynalug, and Peter Ferriter 
of Ballyoughtcr in the County of Kerry. 


This name is of record in Ireland from the earliest 
period after the English Invasion. Within the scope 
of the present Illustrations, it is only allowable to 
mention that in 1599 Francis Stafford was one of the 
Counsellors appointed to be assistant to the Lord 
President of Munster, in conducting the government 
of that disturbed Province ; while a Captain William 
StaflTord, with one hundred Infantry, and a Lieutenant 
Thomas, were distinguished there in that service, as 
shown in the ^Facata Hibemia.' In 1600, Dr. 
Nicholas Stafford was appointed by the Queen, Bishop 

572 KING James's irish army list. 

of Ferns, in the enjoyment of which See he died 
in 1604. In 1606, King James the First granted 
to William Barker the wardship and marriage of 
Nicholas StaflFord, son and heir of Richard Stafford of 
Ballinakaherne, County of Wexford, deceased ; for a 
fine of £17 16s. 8d. and an annual rent to the same 
amount, with the usual allowance for his maintenance 
and education in Trinity College.* A manuscript 
book of obits in that College supplies links of the 
pedigree and descendants of this Nicholas for four 
generations. At the Supreme Council of Kilkenny in 
1646, Richard Fitz-Richard Stafford (evidently of the 
Ballinakaherne line) was one of the attending Con- 
federate Catholics. Of Dean Alexius Stafford, a 
secular priest of this County, who celebrated mass in 
Christ Church daily during King James's sojourn in 
Dublin, mention has been made before {ante p. 415). 
He was one of the Representatives of the Borough of 
Bannow in the Parliament of 1689, as was the above 
Captain Nicholas Stafford of that of Fethard in Wex- 
ford. After James's flight to France, Stafford, 

Esq. was one of his Court at St. Germains. The 
Attainders of 1691 include this Nicholas, described as 
of Fethard and Kilcoran, County of Wexford, with six 
others of the name. 


He is described, in the inquisition on his attainder, 

* Patent Holl, 3 James I. in Cane. Hib. 


as *of Ballycashin, County of Waterford, and his name 
does appear a corruption from Wynchedon or de 
Wynchedown. Eichard de Wyncedoun is on Irish 
records of the time of Edward the Second. In 1345, 
John Wynchedon was one of three leading men 
assigned to treat on peace with Mc Dermot and his 
men, and to reclaim them to friendship ;* the name 
was then also established in Cork. In 1377, Eichard 
Wynchedon was farmer of the Eoyal lands in that 
County.f He was afterwards one of the Justices in 
Eyre in Munster, while John Wynchedon was ap- 
pointed to several offices of trust in the same province, 
and was also one of the Justices in Eyre there in 1407. 


The O'Eonans or Eonaynes were a Sept long settled 
in Munster and parts of Leinster. At the time of 
the English Invasion, two of the name presided over 
Irish Bishoprics ; Einad O'Eonan over Glendaloch, 
and Mel-Brendan O'Eonan over Kerry (i. e. Ardfert). 
The Attainders of 1642 present only the name of 
Owen CEonayne of Ballybeg, County of Kildare ; 
while in 1646, Francis O'Eonayne of Kilkenny was 
one of the Confederate Catholics there assembled. 
The Attainders of 1691 include the above Lieutenant, 
described as of Hilltown, County of Waterford, with 

♦ Rot. Pat. 19 & 20, Edw. 8, in Cane. Hib. 
t Rot. Glaus. 51, Edw. 3 in Cane. Hib. 

574 KING James's misn army list. 

nine other Ronanynes. At the Court of Claims in 
1700, William Ronayne claimed and was allowed the 
fee of Youghal and County of Cork estates, which had 
been forfeited by James Ronayne of Ronayne's Court; 
and at same time were allowed claims of Hamilton 
Montgomery and Grace, otherwise Ronayne, his wife, 
and those of Anstace, Elizabeth, and Margaret Ronayne, 
minors, by their guardians, as charged on said estates. 
James Ronayne also forfeited plots and tenements 
in Kinsale. In certain forfeitures of Nicholas of 
Youghal, Amos Strettell and Edward Webb, on behalf 
of themselves and all the Quakers of Ireland, claimed 
a remainder for years. 


Tuts family name is recorded on the Irish Rolls from 
the time of Edward the Second ; and is located on 
Ortelius's map in the Barony of Upper-third, County 
of Waterford. In 1566 and 1577, Peter Aylward 
was Mayor of Waterford, as was Nicholas Aylward in 
1592, Sir Peter Aylward in 1627, and John Aylward 
in 1650. In 1602, the Lord Deputy, on his return 
from Munster, after the successful termination of the 
war in that Province, calling at Waterford, knighted 
there Richard Aylward and Edward Gough, "two 
ancient and well deserving citizens.*** A confirma- 
tory patent of 1666 to Francis Jones affected to con- 

* Pacata Ilibemia, p. 503. 


vey to him certain lands in Wexford, the estate of 
Richard Aylward ; but for which he, Aylward, had 
three years previously obtained a decree of innocence. 
The patent therefore saved his right, but left him to 
his remedy in law. The attainder of the above officer 
describes him as ' Pierse' Aylward of Aylwardstown, 
County of Kilkenny, and of Faithlegg, County of 


According to ancient Irish genealogists, the ' O'Gar- 
veys' (for to this Sept the present officer, it is consi- 
dered, belonged) were a very ancient family located in 
that territory of ' Craobh Ruadh^ ' the red branch,' 
which the early native poetry, and even the modern 
Arch-poet of Ireland have so celebrated. It comprised 
much of the present Counties of Armagh and Down, 
and its principal chiefs were, with the O'Garveys, the 
O'Dunlevy, O'Egan, O'Lynch, 0*Moran,0'Hanvey,&c.; 
while O'Heerin, in his Topography, locates a branch of 
this family in the Barony of Ballaghkeen, County of 
Wexford. In 1589, Dr. John Garvey was, by Queen 
Elizabeth, promoted from the See of Kilmore to the 
Primacy of Armagh. The Attainders of 1642 name 
six Garveys; those of 1691 present five. 

576 KING James's ieish army list. 



Captains. LieutemmU, Bmgnt. 
Richard Nugent, 



Fergoa Fairell. 
Patrick MLnett. 
George Dowdall. 
Matthew Nugent. 


The Inquisitions of 1691 describe him as of Plucks- 
town, County of Meath, with his relative James Mis- 
sett of the same locality ; they also name Bartholomew 
of Naas, and Robert of Robertstown, County of 
Kildare ; the former a Lieutenant, and the latter an 
Ensign in Sir Maurice Eustace's Regiment of 
Infantry. Of these Kildare Missetts the Attainders 
of 1642 record three, viz., James and Laurence 
Missett of Castlemartin, and Grcorge of Kilcullen- 
Bridge, in that County. 




CaptaiHi. Ideuienanti. Entigns. 

Jcnioo Preston, «_ 

[Richftrd EostaeeJ -- 

Lieutenant- Colonel. 

Olirer Fitzgerald. Gerald Fitsgerald. Thomas Fitigerald. 


This name is found on Irish record from the time of 
Edward the Second. In 1342, Robert de Preston 
was appointed one of the Justices of the Common 
Pleas in Ireland, and in 1358 was advanced to be 
Chief of that Court. In the previous year, it was 
" agreed and granted by the Lord Justice, Chancellor 
and Privy Council at Dublin, that Robert de Preston 
(his son), then the King^s Sergeant (1357), should, for 
tlie King's benefit and profit, accompany the Lord 
Justice towards the parts of Leinster and Munster, to 
plead and defend the pleas of the Crown, and should 
receive four shillings per day wages, for himself and 
a man and horse at arms." This individual was 
knighted in 1361 by Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and 


578 KING James's irish a&mt ust. 

obtained a grant in fee of the manor of Gormanston. 
He was likewise Lord of Preston in Lancashire, and 
filled the office of High Chancellor of Ireland. His 
great grandson, another Sir Robert Preston, was con- 
stituted Lord Deputy there in 1478, and in the same 
year was elevated to the Peerage by the title of 
Viscount Gormanston. His son. Sir William Preston, 
the second Viscount, was Lord Justice of Ireland in 
1515. On the breaking out of the civil war of 
1641, Nicholas, then the Viscount Gormanston, caused 
the resident Noblemen and Gentry of the County of 
Meath to assemble on the Hill of Crofty, near 
Gormanston. The Lords Fingal, Slane, Louth, 
Dunsany, Trimleston and Netterville, with upwards of 
1,000 of the leading gentry, responded to his invita- 
tion ; and here, according to a preconcerted arrange- 
ment, they were met by Roger Moore and the other 
leaders of the movement, attended by a detachment of 
their forces.* He was accordingly in the following 
year attainted, with Robert Preston also described as 

of Gormanston, Preston of Rogerstown, County 

of Meath, James of Grangemore, and Richard of Kil- 
kelan, County of Kildare. The Assembly of the Con- 
federate Catholics at Kilkenny in 1646 was attended 
by three members of this House, Thomas, James, 
and Robert Preston of Gormanston. The former, 
styled Colonel Thomas, was, by Cromwell's Act of 
1652, excepted from pardon for life and estate, 
together with Nicholas, Viscount Gormanston. 

♦ D'Alton's History of Drogheda, v. 2, p. 457. 


In February, 1685-6, Lords Gormanston and 
Ikerrin, on behalf of themselves and several other 
Lords and Gentlemen, petitioned for reversals of their 
fathers' outlawries imposed on account of the late 
civil war. "Several of the petitioners," wrote the 
Earl of Clarendon to the Earl of Sunderland, " have 
served the King very well since, and, by the late 
King's favor, have been advanced to hope titles and be 
restored to their estates ; and certainly they (as many 
as are alive at least) ought to be restored in blood as 
well as to their estates. The children of many of 
them are in his Majesty's service, and therefore may 
deserve to partake so much farther of his Majesty's 
favor ; but the best way of doing it will be the ques- 
tion, for it is a case of greater consequence than may 
at first appear." * The King subsequently assented 
to Lords Gormanston and Ikerrin bringing writs of 
error to reverse their fathers' outlawries, and directed 
that the cases of others should be considered at 
Council,! while Lord Gormanston was himself at the 
same time made a Privy Councillor. When, however, 
the intentions of making such applications transpired, 
caveats were immediately entered against granting 
any such writs of reversal ; the opposition naturally 
arising from the persons who, under the Acts of Settle- 
ment, were in actual and for some time recognised 
possession of lands, the ancient property of those 
Lords, &C.J In November, 1688, previous to King 

* Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 1, p. 267. 
t Idem, p. 399. J Idem, p. 487. 



James's abdication, a Lord Preston was his Secretary 
of State ; and in the January following, after that 
Monarch's flight, this Nobleman received a letter from 
him, which led to subsequent suspicions of his being 
engaged with Lord Clarendon and others in a conspi- 
racy for a counter-revolution in favour of James, for 
which he was afterwards arraigned, tried, and 

The noble Colonel of this Kegiment sat in the Par- 
liament of Dublin, while another Jenico Preston was 
a Lieutenant in the Earl of Tyrone's Infantry. 
When King James meditated advancing towards 
Dundalk, soon after his arrival in Dublin, " a brigade 
of Guards, consisting of two battalions, together with 
Gormanston's and Creagh's Regiments, each of which 
made a good battalion, came to the camp about the 
Bridge of Affane by eleven o'clock at night, and the 
rest next morning, before noon.f This Regiment, 
which was here so incomplete, is reported as compris- 
ing, after the battle of the Boyne, thirteen companies, 
a total of 650 men.J In 1691, this Lord was 
attainted on five Inquisitions. At the Court of 
Claims in 1700, Anthony Preston, * called Lord 
Viscount Gormanston,' and Mary his wife, claimed 
and were allowed the benefit of a trust term for 500 
years, created to secure a charge of £3,000 for said 

• Singer's Correspondence of Lord Clarendon, v. 2, pp. 211, 
251, 319, n. and 331. 

t Clarke's Mem. of James II., v. 2, p. 379. 
t Singer's Correspondence, v. 2, p. 514. 


Mary, and a remainder in tail for Anthony, off Lord 
Gormanston's forfeited estates. A Nicholas Preston 
also claimed and was allowed a remainder for his life, 
as was Captain Robert Preston a remainder in tail, 
expectant upon several other remainders in being, as 
attaching to said estates : while James Butler, Esq., 
and Margaret, Lady Viscountess Gormanston, his 
wife, claimed in her right an annuity of £500 per 
annunij with an arrear of £3,400 as due thereoff. 


This officer does not appear on the present Army List, 
the appointment having been made subsequent to its 
issue. The name is here inserted from Dr. King's 
Appendix. He was of Barretstown in the County of 






The Colonel. 
Walter Burke, 

Lieutenant -Colonel . 
John Morgan, 

Luke Dillon. 
Theobald Dillon. 
Thomas Dalj. 
Edward Fitzgerald. 
Hugh O'Donnell. 
Edmund Rejnolds. 
William Bourke. 
Lucas Powell. 
Tliomas Dillon. 
James Lallj. 
Patrick M^Gawlej. 
Robert Dillon. 
Christopher Dillon. 
George Browne. 
Walter Blake. 
William Brabazon. 
Hugh M*Dermott. 
John D*Alton. 
Terence M*Donough. 
John Dillon. 
Robert Fitzgerald. 
John D* Alton. 


Hubert Dillon. 
Paul Rutledge. 

Francis Martin. 
Bryan O'Connor. 
Peter Daly. 
Murrongh Melaghlin. 
Terence Sweeny. 
Morgan Reynolds. 
Patrick Bourke. 
Alexander Plnnket. 
Thomas Dillon. 
GeraU IjJIy. 
Edmund Tyrrell. 
Christopher Dilk>n. 
Bartholomew Dillon. 
Thady Naughton. 
Valentine Blake. 
Gilbert Talbot 
Richard Fitzgerald. 
Luke Sheill. 
Thady M*Donough. 
Miles Bourk. 
Robert Vox. 
Richard D'Alton. 


Edmund Dillon. 
Tliomaa Dolphin. 

Bryan M'Dermott. 
Thomas Dillon. 
John Molloy. 
Redmond Fitzgerald. 
Michael Roorke. 
Ferdinaudo Reynolds. 
Edmond Daly. 
Edmund Dowell. 
Christopher Dillan. 
Thomas Costello. 
Philip M*GawIey. 
Phelim Hart. 
Hubert Farrell. 
RowUind 'Bourk.' 
Nicholas Lynch. 
Miles Laughlin. 
Michael M'Dermott. 
Andrew D* Alton. 
Cornelias M'Donough. 
Richard Dillon. 
Philip Fox. 
John D* Alton. 



This name is of record in Ireland from the time of 
the Invasion, immediately after which Sir Henry 
Dillon, styled of Drumrany, had from King John large 
grants over that portion of Western Meath and 
Annaly, which was thence called the Dillon's Coun- 
try. His descendants were Barons of Kilkenny West, 
and subsequently ennobled as Earls of Eoscommon, 
Viscounts Dillon and Mayo, and Barons of Clonbrock. 
In the sixteenth century the name of Dillon is con- 
spicuous on the Roll of the Judicial Officers of Ireland. 
In 1532, Sir Bartholomew Dillon was appointed Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench. In 1554, Robert Dillon, 
of Newtown near Trim was named a Justice of the 
Queen's Bench, and advanced in 1559 to the Chief 
Justiceship of the Common Pleas. In 1560, Richard 
Dillon of Proutestown, County of Meath, became a 
Justice of the Queen's Bench. In 1570, Sir Lucas 
Dillon was Chief Baron of the Exchequer. In 1581, 
Robert Dillon, of Riverston, County of Westmeath, was 
second Justice of the Common Pleas. In 1590, Gerald 
Dillon was a Justice of the Queen's Bench. In two 
years after, Thomas Dillon, theretofore Chief Justice 
of Connaught, was appointed a Justice of the Common 
Pleas ; and in 1638, Robert Lord Dillon was one of 
the Keepers of the Great Seal. 

From the above Sir Henry Dillon of Drumrany 
sprang Sir Theobald, the founder of the noble house of 
CosteHo-Gallen, and who was ennobled in 1621-2 by 


the title of Viscount thereof. His successor, Lucas, 
the second Viscount, married in 1625 the Lady Mary, 
daughter of the Earl of Antrim, by whom he left issue 
an only son, Viscount Lucas, who died in 1629 ; when, 
as a manuscript obit in the Trinity College MSS. 
records, his remains were conveyed in a coach from 
Kilnefaghny, where he died, to Athlone, in whose 
abbey he was buried. His only son, the third Vis- 
count, died an infant, when the title reverted to his 
uncle Thomas, the fourth Viscount, who was attainted 
in 1 642, and driven with his four sons into exile on 
the continent ; whence, however, he returned on the 
Restoration, and was restored to his extensive estates 
in the Counties of Mayo, Roscommon, and Westmeath. 
He was, however, attainted in 1642, with nine others 
of his name. Of the Confederate Catholics assembled 
at Kilkenny in 1646, &c., were Edmund and John 
Dillon of Streamstown, James of Clonegassel, and 
Lucas of Lough-Glyn. Those excepted fix)m pardon 
for life and estate by Cromwell's Act of Denunciation 
were James Dillon of Roscommon, and James Dillon, 
brother to the Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen. 
Theobald Dillon succeeded in 1682 to this title as the 
seventh Viscount ; and he appears on this Army List 
(as before) the Lieutenant-Colonel of Lord Clan- 
ricarde's Infentry. He raised two Regiments for 
King James's service ; one, — ^that under present con- 
sideration, — commanded by the above Colonel Henry 
Dillon, his eldest son and successor in the title, one of 
the Representatives of the County of Westmeath in the 


Parliament of 1689, and afterwards Governor of 
Galway. The second Regiment so raised by Viscount 
Theobald was put under the command of his second 
son, the Honorable Arthur Dillon, and was that after- 
wards assigned to form part of MountcasheFs Brigade. 
In 1686, Dillon, Lord Roscommon, together with 
Tyrconnel, the Lords Limerick and Gormanston, 
Justin Mac Cartie, Richard Hamilton, Nicholas Pur- 
cel, and others, signed a proclamation of amnesty, as 
emanating from the Council Chamber ; whereby it 
was declared " that none of his Majesty's subjects of 
this Kingdom shall at any time hereaft;er be sued, 
vexed, or disquieted, either by indictment, information 
or otherwise, in his Majesty's name or at his suit, for 
or by reason of any treasonable, seditious, or other 
words whatsoever spoken or that may be pretended 
to have been spoken by any of them, before the de- 
cease of his late Majesty and his now Majesty's 
accession to the crown."* [This Lord Roscommon, 
however, it is to be remarked, was, at his own request, 
presented in December, 1688, by the Earl of Claren- 
don to the Prince of Orange at the Prince of Den- 
mark's.!] 1^ December, 1686, Lord Clarendon 

wrote to the Earl of Sunderland, in reference to fill- 
ing a vacancy on the Irish Bench, and those com- 
petent to fill it : — " There are Mr. Garret Dillon, Mr. 
Nangle, and Mr. Browne ; these three are Roman 
Catholics. Mr. Nangle I know has no mind to be a 
Judge, nor I believe will Mr. Dillon, he being in very 

♦ Singers Corresp. vol. 1, p. 519. f Wem, v. 2, p. 237. 


great practice ; he is a veiy honest gentleman, and it 
is not fit for me to omit the best men.''* This latter 
was raised to a Serjeantcy at the close of the ensuing 
year. On the establishment of 1687-8, Colonel Gary 
Dillon, Earl of Roscommon, was put upon the Pension 
List for X200 per annum. He sat in the Parliament 
of 1689, together with Theobald, Viscount Dillon, of 
Costello-Gallen : while of the Commons were John 
Dillon, one of the Representatives of the Borough of 
Roscommon ; this Honorable Colonel Henry, one for 
those of Wcstmeath; and the aforesaid Prime-Serjeant 
Gerald for the Borough of Mullingar. It may be 
here mentioned that the above Theobald, Viscount 
Dillon, married Mary, a daughter of Sir Henry Tal- 
bot of Templeogue, County of Dublin, and was after- 
wards attainted; ])ut the outlawry was reversed in 
favour of his son and successor, Henry, the eighth Vis- 
count. Theobald's second son, Arthur, entered the 
military service in France as hereinafter noticed. 

The above named Prime-Serjeant Dillon was 

seised in fee of divers estates in the Counties of Mayo 
and Roscommon, which he devised in 1690 to Theo- 
bald, his then only son, in tail-male, with remaindei*s ; 
but he was himself attainted. He followed King 
James to France, and there had two other sons, James 
and Claude, who both died there, intestate and un- 
married. Theobald, the eldest son, however, survived 
his father, continuing to be a Catholic until his death. 
In 1720, he married Mary, eldest daughter of Richard 

♦ Singer s Corresp. v. 2, p. 122. 


Malone, by whom he had Nicholas, his only son, and 
three daughters. Theobald lived to 1763, his son 
Nicholas being then with him in France, but he, on his 
fether's death, which occurred in that year, came 
over and conformed ; in four years after which he 
died intestate, unmarried, and without issue.* 

Besides the fifteen Dillons in this Begiment, Gerald 
Dillon was a Captain in Lord Abercorn's Horse, Lord 
Dillon was Lieutenant-Colonel in the Earl of Clan- 
ricarde's Infantry, and, in Colonel Oliver O'Gara's, 
Charles Dillon was an Ensign. In July, 1691, after 
the battle of Aughrim, Lord Dillon was Governor of 
Galway. On the 26th of that month he capitulated, 
"marching out," says Story, "with the Irish garrison, 
having not above 2,300 men, and those but indiffer- 
ently armed and worse clothed." It may be added 
that a Major Dillon was one of the hostages given by 
the Governor for the due performance of the Articles 
on the Irish side.f On the 9th of September follow- 
ing, Lough-Glyn Castle, commanded by Colonel Theo- 
bald Dillon, surrendered to the summons of King 
William's party. In the memorable month of October 
following, Colonel Garret Dillon, the Prime-Serjeant, 
was one of the- executing parties to the civil Articles 
of Limerick. The Attainders of 1691 record the 
names of Henry, Lucas, and Christopher Dillon of 
Killenfaghny ; Gerald and Theobald Dillon of Port- 
lick ; John Dillon of Roscommon ; Arthur, Christopher, 
and James Dillon of Lough-Glyn ; James Dillon of 

• Pleadings in Chancery. t Hardinian's Galway, p. 162. 

588 KING James's irish army list. 

Lissian ; with fifty-nine other Inquisitions taken on 
the name. At the Court of Claims in 1700, Red- 
mund Dillon, a minor, claimed and was allowed a 
remainder in tail, after the decease of Margery Dillon, 
in various lands in the Baronies of Kilkenny West 
and Rathconrath, forfeited by Pierce Dillon ; while 
said Margery claimed her jointure thereoff. Ed- 
mund Dillon was allowed a revereion in fee in Mayo 
lands, forfeited by Christopher Dillon ; off which 
Margaret Dillon, his widow, sought and was allowed 
her dower ; while Richard Bourk and Mary Bourk, 
alias Dillon, also obtained a certain amount of jointure 

off the same property. Garret Dillon was allowed 

a mortgage on Peter Dillon's forfeited lands of Gran- 

aghan, &c. Mary, Catherine, and Elizabeth Dillon, 

minors, claimed by their guai-dian and were allowed 
portions of £150 each, off lands in the Counties of 
Dublin and Meath, forfeited by Martin Dillon. Robert 
Dillon, also a minor, was allowed a remainder in 
special tail therein : while Matthew Dillon, in full 

age, sought and obtained a similar remainder. 

Gerald Dillon was allowed a fee in Portlick, &jc. 

County of Westmeath. Henry Lord Dillon claimed 

the fee of lands of the County of Roscommon, as pur- 
chased for his benefit by John Dillon, the forfeiting 
proprietor, his trustee ; he also claimed an annuity, a 
chiefry, a term for years, and an estate tail in several 
estates in Mayo, Galway, and Westmeath, forfeited by 
Gerald Dillon, all which claims were allowed ; as was 


the claim of a Thomas Dillon to a tnist estate in fee, 
held by said attainted Gerald for his benefit. 

Arthur Dillon, before mentioned as the second son 
of Theobald, the seventh Viscount Dillon, passed into 
France with a Regiment raised by that nobleman, and 
consisting of two battalions of 1,600 men and two 
companies. It formed part of Mountcashers Brigade; 
its Colonel at the time of his landing being only 
twenty years of age ; he immediately, however, rose to 
high rank. In 1691, his Regiment was distinguished 
at Urgel. In 1694, a battalion of his served in Spain, 
in Catalonia under Marshal Noailles ; and at the 
siege of Rosas, Dillon's Grenadiers carried the counter- 
scarp in three days, after which the place surrendered. 
In 1696, his Regiment continued to serv#in Spain 
under the Duke de Vendome, and it is recorded that 
at the little village of Colfilla, two hundred of his 
Regiment drove back 4,000 Spaniards in two well 
contested assaults. In 1697, at the siege of 
Barcelona^ his Regiment dislodged the Spaniards from 
the neighbouring hills, whence they had been enabled 
occasionally to throw succours into the place, and to 
incommode the besiegers. This successful achieve- 
ment led to the immediate capture of the City, and 
the termination of the war by the Treaty of Rjrswick.* 
Dillon's Regiment participated with those of Galmoy, 
Berwick, and Burke in the campaigns of 1701, 1702, 
and 1703. In the latter year, in the Tyrol, Dillon 
and his Irish^Forces were ordered to clear the moun- 

♦ ,.0'Conor's MiHt. Mem. v. 1, p. 230, &c. 

r)yO KINO James's iRisir army list. 

tains on tlie nortliern side of the lake of Garda. 
" The passages wei-e eh^se<l with entrenchments con- 
structed by Austrian engineers, and guarded ])y the 
jeasants and regular militia. On viewing them, they 
Avere found impregnable in front, while in the rvve 
steep precii)ices lifted their summits to the clouds, 
accessible only to the wild animals of the Alps. 
There the eagle built his nest, the chamois bounded 
from cliff to clift^ and the bouquelin gambolled in the 
Avantonness of his freedom ; but man had never been 
seen on these summits. The Irish scaled them, and, 
appearing i ii the rere of the entn^nchments, so ten-i- 
fied the anned ixiasantry and the few I'egular troops 
who weixi with them, that after a few discharges they 
abandoned their position with the utmost precipitation. 
Dillon caused sevenil fires to blaze on the summit of 
tlie mountain, in order to magnify his detachment into a 
large body in the eyes of the garrison and inhabitants 
of Kiva; wheivui>on the citizens, apprehensive of the 
horrors of the city being taken by storm, shut their 
gjites and sent a deputation to Dillon with the keys. 
He entered in triumph, and his detachment was 
regaled with refreshments, and possessed themselves 
of several pieces of cannon and considerable ammu- 
nition."* Dillon's was not less distinguished in 1704 
in Piedmont and Savoy. In the following year he 
w^as made a Field-Marshal, was aj)pointed Governor of 
Toulon, signalized himself in Lombardy, was constitu- 
ted Knight of the Holy Ghost, and raised to the 

* O'Conor's Milit. Mom. v. 1, p. 278, &c. 


of Lieutenant-General. In the early part of 1707, he 
served in Dauphin^. He married Christiana, the 
niece (it would seem) of Lieutenant-Colonel Dominick 
Sheldon, before alluded to, ante^ p. 68, by whom he 
had five sons, the eldest bom in 1701. The third, 
James, a Knight of Malta, succeeded to the command 
of this Brigade, and fell at its head at Fontenoy ; when, 
in consideration of his services, and those of his next 
brother, Edward, who succeeded him in the command, 
the King of France was induced to declare that the 
Colonelcy of that Brigade should not be conferred on 
any person, who did not bear the name of Dillon and 
was recommended by the family in whom it origi- 
nated. The fiillest particulars of this Brigade will be 
found in OCaRagharis Brigades (vol. 1, p.^01, &c.). 
At the battle of Ypres in 1745, the Colonel of 
Dillon's Eegiment, the Lieutenant-Colonel, and two 
Captains were killed, while four Captains and five 
Lieutenants were wounded. In 1747, at the battle 
of Lauffidd, Colonel Dillon, * nom cdebre dans lea 
troupes Irlandaises^ distinguished himself yet more; 
his Regiment lost there three Captains and four Lieu- 
tenants, while four Captains and one Lieutenant were 
wounded. [The Muster Roll of Dillon's Regiment at 
Lisle in 1794, and the last gathering, after it was dis- 
banded, of those who remained in France at Arras, 
are, with some interesting and it would seem authen- 
tic particulars, given in the Reminiscences of an Emi- 
grant Milesian^ v. 2, p. 175]. 

• Voltaire, Siecle Louis XIV., v. 4, p. 102. 

592 KING James's irish army list. 


The family of Reynolds is anglicised from Mac Ranall, 
a Sept who held the territory of Monter-Iolis, 
comprising the southern part of the County of 
Leitrim, with the northern part of Longford, including 
within its ambit the Castles of Rinn, Lough-Scur, and 
Leitrim, and the religious houses of Fenagh, Lough- 
Scur, and Leitrim. The native annals record their 
too fi-equent feuds with the O'Riiarcs, the rival tanists 
of Brefney. In 1535, Mac Ranall, Archdeacon of 
Kells, was deputed by the unfortunate Lord Thomas 
Fitzgerald (the Silken Lord), to solicit aid in his 
insurrection, from the Pope and the Emperor Charles 
the Fifth.* In the seventeenth century, Anne Ware, 
a younger sister of Sir James Ware, the justly vene- 
rated antiquarian, was married to Humphrey Reynolds 
of Lough-Scur. In 1642, Reynolds of New- 
castle, County of Dublin, was attainted; and in 1646, 
Charles Reynolds, described as 'of Jamestown,' sat 
amongst the Confederate Catholics in Kilkenny. In 
the latter year O'Ruarc, " Chief of Brefhy, with his 
Sept, Bernard Mac Ranall, Captain of his Sept, Conrad 
Mac Ranall and Cornelius Mac Ranall, with their ad- 
herents, repudiated the political settlement then pro- 
posed, commonly called 'the Peace of Ormonde.* "f 
The Act of Explanation (1665) contained a proviso 
for restoring James Reynolds of Lough-Scur to all his 

♦ Clarke's James II., v. 1, p. 176. 
t De Burgo, Hib. Dom. p. 879. 


lands, and, in some ensuing confirmatory patents of 
1679, there are savings of his rights in the County of 
Roscommon, as also of those of Humphrey Reynolds. 
The above Captain Edward Reynolds was one of the 
Representatives of the County of Leitrim in the Par- 
liament of 1689 ; and, besides him, there appear in 
commission upon the present Army List in this Regi- 
ment Morgan Reynolds a Lieutenant, and Ferdinando 
an Ensign ; while in Colonel Oliver O'Gara's Infantry 
Turlough Reynolds was an Ensign. Those attainted 
of the name in 1691 were, with the above Edward, 
(styled of Leitrim) John Reynolds of Blundelstown, 
County of Dublin, Charles of Dublin, Fardagh of 
Castlefore, Loughlin and Bruin of Lisnagann, Connor 
and Thady of Ballinaboy (all in the County of 
Leitrim). On Edward's attainder, a portion of the 
ancient estate of Rathmore was considered confiscated 
as his, but at Chichester House the fee thereof was 
claimed by and allowed to Bridget Reynolds, alias 
Long, * his widow,' slie deriving title by descent from 
her father, Patrick, and through her brother, Christo- 
pher Long. 


The Powells are of Welsh extraction the most 
respectable, descended from Howell ap Rhys of 
Pinkelly in Caermarthenshire. In 1641, a William 
Powell claimed title to the Vicarage of Laraghbryan, 



against Lady Talbot ; it was, however, adjudged to her 
by an onler of the Irish House of Commons. 
Amongst the Royalists who were in 1().>2 tried by 
court-martial in St. Patrick's Church, was a Thomas 
Powell. In 1688, Sir John l^owell was a Puisne 
Judge of the Irisli Kings Bench, and in tlie following 
year was transferrcd to the Common Pleius.* At the 
battle of the Boyne, a Lieutenant Powell, ' of the 
(luards,* was killed.f The Attainders of 1691 have 
of this name only Edward Powt41 of Rathcormac, 
County of Cork. 


An interesting old manuscript has been forwarded in 
aid of this work by Mr. Browne of Moyne ; it is 
entitled, " Extracts from the Grenealogy of the most 
illustrious House of O'MuUally or O'Lally of Ireland, 
collected from the old Irish MS. Books of Pedigrees, 
as well as from the records preserved in the offices of 
the Exchequer, the Rolls, and the Auditor-Greneral in 
said kingdom, by William Hawkins, Esq., King of 
Arms, &c., under the seal of his office." This compi- 
lation deduces the family from Amlavus O'Maollalla, 
Chief of TuUa-ny-Maolalla, descended in the thirteenth 
generation from Maolalla, who, at the close of the tenth 
century, was ruler of Moen-nioge, now Clanricarde ; 
from which period the annals recorded are sad 

• Singers Corresp. v. 2, p. 273. 

t Clarke's Mem. James II., v. 2, p. 399. 


evidences of the feuds that existed between the 
tanists of this house and the De Burgos. At length, in 
1523, Dr. Thomas O'Mullally or Lally appears presi- 
ding as Archbishop of Tuam at a synod there held. 
In 1541, Melaghlin Mac Dermott O'Mullally 
submitted himself, his vassals, and land, by indented 
articles of agreement, to Sir Anthony St. Leger, Lord 
Deputy ; and delivered his eldest son, John Mc 
Melaghlin, then twenty-five years old, as a hostage for 
performance on his part. Melaghlin had married 
Margaret, daughter of Cormac Mac Roger Mac Der- 
mot. Chief of Moylurg, and their son, said John, 
styled Baron of Tully-Mullally (converted into Tullin- 
daly, and yet later to Tolendal) distinguished himself 
with his galloglasses at the siege of Boulogne in 
1544. He married a daughter of Hugh O'Madden, 
Chief of Silanchia, and his brother William O'Mullally 
was Archbishop of Tuam in 1573, by the Queen's ap- 
pointment. In 1585, this Prelate was nominated in 
a commission for the pacification of Connaught, and 
died in 1595. James O'Mullally, the great grandson 
of John, forfeited a great part of the family estate in 
Cromwell's time ; he had married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Gerald Dillon of Feamore in the County of Mayo 
(brother of the first Viscount Dillon of Costello- 
Gallen), and died on the old soil of Tullindaly. His 
brothers Donald and William, following the fortunes of 
Charles the Second, were outlawed, and the remainder 
of the Lally estates in the Baronies of Dunmore and 
Kilconnell, County of Galway, were thereupon confis- 



cated. The grandson of the last named James O'Mul- 
lally was another James, a Captain [the officer under 
present consideration] afterwards Colonel, who was 
killed at Montmelian. Thus far, almost in the words 
of the aforesaid Manuscript Pedigree, the authenticity 
of which is vouched by " Lally Marquis TollendaJ, 
Peer of France, Minister of State, in Paris, 29th 
October, 1817." 

This Captain James Lally sat as Representative of 
Tuam in the Parliament of 16H9, in the roll of which 
he was expressly styled of Tullindaly. When Theo- 
bald, the second Viscount Dillon, (writes O'Cal- 
laghan*) raised in 1690, and sent over to France the 
Eegiment subsequently known as Dillon's Kegiment, 
to form part of Lord Mountcashel's Brigade, having 
appointed his son Colonel thereof, though then not 
twenty years of age, he conferred the rank of Colonel, 
as Commandant of the second Battalion, on his cousin 
James Lally de Tollendal ; who, with his brothers 
Gerald, William, and Mark Lally, mainly contributed 
to form that second Battalion from several independent 
companies. In the blockade and siege of Montmelian, 
in November, 1691, this James was killed. Besides 
this James in Colonel Henry Dillon's Infantry, 
Edmund Lally was a Captain, and another James 
Lally was an Ensign in Lord Galway's. The Attainders 
of 1691 have but the names of James and Gerald. 
The Tollindaly so confiscated was sold in 1703 to 
Edward Crew, styled of Carrowkeel, County of Gal- 

* History of the Brigades, p. 121. 


way, it being described as " the castle, town, and 
lands of Tullynadaly, &c., in the Barony of Dunmore, 
County of Galway ;" subject, however, to a legacy to 
Michael Lally, and portions to Bridget Lally and to 
Mary Jordan, alias Lally. 

Gerald Lally, the attainted brother of James and 
his companion in exile, married in France a lady 
connected with some of the noblest houses in that 
kingdom, and they were the parents of Thomas Arthur 
Lally, the Count Lally, styled, from a devotion to the 
natale solum^ ' de ToUendal.' He was bom in Dau- 
phin^ in 1702, and was, according to the custom 
then in France, entered . a soldier on his birth. He 
obtained a Company in Dillon's Irish Brigade at the age 
of nineteen, and at twenty-five was, on Cardinal Fleury's 
selection^ sent to negotiate some important state 
affairs with the Court of Russia ; a mission in which 
he acquitted himself so well, that he gained the confi- 
dence of his master and a recommendation from the 
Czarina. In 1743, be fought at Dettingen. In 
1744, a Regiment was drafted from an Irish Brigade 
for his command, hence styled ' Lally's Regiment,' 
down to its reduction in 1763. At the battle of Ypres, 
in May of the following year, this body of men was 
signally distinguished ; Colonel Lally and several of his 
officers were wounded. He, however, as Voltaire 
relates,* "took with his own hand many English 
officers, whereupon the King caused him to be 
appointed a Colonel," afterwards a Brigadier-General. 

\ ^ Swofedal ''^. v. 4, p. 181. 

51)8 KING James's irisii aRxMy list. 

In the succeeding July (1745), when, by the aid of 
Walsh, a merchant in Nantes, who was an Irish refu- 
gee, Prince Charles Edward embarked in this last effort 
to recover the crown of his ancestors. Colonel Lally 
attended him, shared all the dangers and hanlships of 
that campaign, and was, as Voltaire expresses it^ the 
soul of the enteqirise. The Duke of Cumberland 
caused him to be seized as a spy, but by influential 
interposition he was discharged, on the terms of quit- 
ting England within twenty-four hours. " His hatred 
of the English and his courage," says Voltaire, " led to 
his having been selected some years after to command 
the expedition n*quire<l to uphold the French 
Company established for traffic in India." The 
details of this api)ointment and the circumst^inces con- 
nected with it are given fully by that historian ; 
enough here to say that, when he was appointed to 
this command in 1755, it Avas avowed that he should 
have fortliwith a force of 3,000 men and £250,000 in 
money, with three ships of war ; to which the French 
India Company might add such vessels as they could 
arm. The equipment was not, however, sent out 
until two years after, and then so curtailed in eveiy 
particular, that Lally declined taking charge of it, 

until peremptorily ordered so to do. The captui-e by 

the English in 1761 of Pondicherry, of which he was 
GovciTior, closed his career and that war in India. 
He was taken prisoner by the English, removed to 
Miulras, and thence transported to England ; where, 
liaviiig learned the weighty accusations and charges 


fcat were raised against him in his own country, he 
sought and obtained leave to return thither to meet 
and confute them. Repairing to Fontainbleau, he 
wrote to the Duke de Choiseul, 'I have brought 
hither my head and my innocence, and shall await 
your orders/ These orders were of unexampled 
severity. His property was seized, and himself incarce- 
rated in the Bastille for fifteen months before he was 
brought to trial. " Is this the reward of forty years* 
service T he cried, as he passed at the age of 64 to the 
Conciergerie — to judgment. He was sentenced to die, 
and having been guarded to the place of execution 
and gagged, was beheaded in 1766, some hours previ- 
ous to that which was fixed by his judges. His 
remains were buried in an obscure church of Paris. 
Thus died the Count Lally de ToUendal the Elder, 
the victim of court intrigues to screen the faults of 
others. — — He left a son, Gerald de Lally, bom at 
Paris in 1751, who, in the generous reverence of his 
father's reputation, was successftdly labouring in 
1789 to obtain from the Parliament of Rouen a 
reversal of his condemnation and an acknowledgment 
of his innocence, when the Revolution breaking out 
paralysed his efforts, and obliged him to seek an 
asylum in Switzerland. But Grerald was a zealous 
Royalist, and he it was who, on the memorable 20th 
of July in that year, presenting the unfortunate King 
to his people, delivered the eloquent and pathetic 
address which is extant in the journals and history of 
the time. Hib Isy^ltj driving him again into exile, 


he retired into Switzerland ; whence, nevertheless, he 
returned to Paris in 1792, with the vain hope of 
saving the King's life, but he was promptly arrested 
and imprisoned in the Abbaye ; whence making his 
escape to England, he resided for some years at Rich- 
mond, until, on the Restoration of the Bourbons in 
1814, he was made a Privy Councillor by Louis 
XVIIL, with whom he retreated to Ghent on the 
return of the exiled Emperor in the following year. 
On the second Restoration he was created a Peer, and 
soon after died. 


The Mac Gawleys, or more correctly Mac Awleys, 
were Chiefs of Calrigia, a territory on the borders of 
Westmeath and King's County, comprising the 
present parish of Ballyloughloe in the Barony of Clon- 
ronan ; while, acconling to Mac Geoghegan, the Sept 
also possessed part of the Barony of Kilcoursy in the 
King's County. They trace their lineage from Manie, 
the fourth son of Niall of the Nine Hostages ; and a 
venerable pedigree, long preserved in the family, 
details the succession from him to Awley of the 13th 
century, and from him to the present representative. 
In this pedigree the respective matches of each tanist 
are confidently given. The Four Masters commemo- 
rate the death of Aireachtach Mac Awley, then Chief 
of Calrigia, in 1 187. In 1460, Manus Mc Awley, its 


chief, married Una O'Mulloy, daughter of the Lord of 
Fearcal. In 1527, say the same annalists with 
undisguised candour, Aulaff Oge Dhu Mac Awley, 
the Chief of Calrigia, was slain by the Clan Colman ; 
but previous to his death he had his revenge, for he 
slew at the same place Fiochadh Mac Geoghegan. In 
the seventeenth century occurred the marriage of 
Henry Mac Gawley, then the Chief, with Maria 
daughter of John Brown of the Neal. A very detailed 
pedigree in the ascending line of this Henry, through 
twenty-four generations, to Byrne, son of Maurice, 
whom it mentions as having been baptized by St. 
Patrick, is incorporated in a Funeral Entry in Bir- 
mingham Tower. Henry had by this lady five sons; 
ithe above Patrick, Henry, John, Philip, and Gerald. 
Francis, third son of said Patrick by the daughter of 
John Leicester of Kilcormack, was father of Awley Mac 
Awley, who, in the early part of his life, was in the 
service of Maria Theresa. His son was the late 
Count Francis Philip Mac Awley, who married in 
1808 Clara, daughter and sole heiress of the Count 
Cerati, and was in 1815 the chosen Prime Minister of 
the Ex-Empress Maria Louisa. He died in 1835, 
when his son Valeric, Count Magawley (Cerati), 
succeeded to the representation of this ancient Sept. 
The Mac Gawleys attainted in 1691 were the above 
Patrick, styled of Tulliwood, County of Westmeath, 
with twelve others of the name. He had risen to be 
a Lieutenant-Colonel in this campaign, and was 
adjudged within the Articles of 1698. At the Court 

(502 KiXG James's irish armv list. 

of Claims in 1700, Christopher Mac Gawley and 
Jane his wife claimed an estate tail in Westmeath 
lands forfeited by James Mac Gawley, but their 
prayer was disallowed ; while a Patrick Mac Gawley 
sought and obtained a long leasehold term, and a 
mortgage affecting Westmeath lands, as well those of 
said James Jis of Henry Mac Gawley. In 1709, a 
Michael ' Mac Auley ' was a Colonel in Spain of a 
Regiment formed by Philip the Fifth, of those Irish 
who had deserted from the English army then in that 
country ; and in the Spanish campaign of the follow- 
ing year O'Conor * mentions this. Kegiment as having 
been distinguished. 


The founder of this family in Ireland, says Sir 
Bernard Burke in his Banm^tafje^ was Richard Blake, 
alias Ciuldell, who accompanied Prince John in 1185 
into this Kingdom, and subsequently obtained large 
grants in Connaught. His desci^ndant and namesake 
was commanded in 1303, as Sheriff of Connaught, to 
levy a debt due to the Crown by David de Burgo. — 
In 1487, Robert Blake was Bishop of Clonmacnoise 
by the Po]x»'s provision. Francis Blake of this old 
Galway family was one of the Confederates at the 
Supreme Council of Kilkenny, of which Assembly Sir 
Richard Blake, the fijunder of the family of Ardfry, 

* (VConor's Milit. Mem. p. 353. 


was Speaker. In King James's New Charter to 
Galway in 1687, fourteen of this name were set down 
upon the Roll of Burgesses. Eigh£ of the name of 
Blake were attainted in 1691, and amongst them the 
above Walter, described as of Galway. He was in 
truth Sir Walter Blake of Menlough ; and, though he 
was one of the Representatives of the County of 
Galway in the Parliament of 1689, he was yet, says 
Sir Bernard Burke,* ' the first Catholic gentleman 
that joined the standard of the Prince of Orange, and 
obtained a commission from his Highness to raise a 
Regiment which he maintained and clothed at his own 
expense.* He was, however, formally attainted in 
1691, as was also John Blake of Ardfry ; but Sir 
Walter was adjudged within the articles of 1698 and 
1699, as were Lieutenant Blake of Drum, and 
Richard Blake of Ardfry. The latter was one of the 
Burgesses named in the New Charter to Galway, but 
not having taken arms for either party, his own 
burned Ardfry and destroyed his property, in conse- 
quence of which De Ginkle promised him relief that 
he afterwards obtained; but, being a papist, much diffi- 
culty was interposed to his getting possession of his 
lands, f Francis and Martin Blake, who were also of 
King James's party, obtained pardons under the Great 
Seal. At Chichester House Sir Walter Blake claimed 
and was allowed a fee in estates in the County of 
Clare, forfeited by John Blake of Ardfry ; while on 
other estates of said John, Isidore and Patrick Blake, 

♦ Peerage, p. M. f * ^* Southwell M8S. p. 38. 

604 KING James's irish army list. 

minors, by their uncle and guanlian Thomas Lynch, 
sought respective remainders ; as did Mary Lynch, 
othenvise Blake, his widow, her jointure. Joseph 
Henry Blake, the representative of the Ardfry line, 
was in 1800 ennobled by the title of Lord Baron 


Sir Bernard Burke remarks in his Peerage that 
Jaques C. Brabazon appears in the Roll of Battle- 
Abbey, as one of the Knights that accompanied the 
Conqueror to England. In 1534, his lineal descend- 
ant. Sir William Brabazon, was Vice-Treasurer and 
General-Receiver of Ireland, and was thrice at the 
head of the Irish government as Lord Justice. His 
eldest son, Edward Brabazon, was one of the Repre- 
sentatives for the County of Wicklow in Perrot's Par- 
liament of 1585, and from him have descended the 
Earls of Meath. This name does not appear on the 
Attainders of 1641 ; but in 1652, Anthony Brabazon, 
described as of Ballinasloe, a younger branch of the 
aforesaid Sir William, and ancestor of the Baronets of 
the County of Mayo, was excepted from pardon for 
life and estate by Cromwell's Ordinance. It has not 
been ascertained of what family was the above 
Captain ; and the Earl of Meath of that day was so 
identified with King William, as to have been 
attainted in James's Parliament. He had the com- 


mand of a Regiment in the service of the former at 
the battle of the Boyne ; at the subsequent first siege 
of Limerick led a Regiment, on which occasion several 
of his men were shot * and he was wounded ; was 
sworn of King William's Privy Council, and afterwards 
of Queen Anne's, and died in February, 1708, s.p. 


The early annals of this once powerful family are 
fully detailed in the ' Book of Lecan,' avowedly from 
the more ancient Psalter of Cashel. The ' Book of 
Kilronan,' compiled by their chief ^ Seanachies^ the 
O'Duigenans, has, as might be expected, most inte- 
resting particulars of their lineage. He, who in re- 
mote time may be pointed out as Prepositus of 
this Sept, was Maolruana, King of Moylurg at the time 
of the battle of Clontarf in 1014 ; he, however, 
having been, as the Annalists relate, too old to be pre- 
sent at that great engagement, one of his sons led his 
Sept, the Clan-Maolruana, on that memorable day. 
His lineal descendant in the seventh generation was 
Dermott, who died in 1159, " Supreme Councillor, 
Sage, and excellent Mediator of one-fifth of Con- 
naught." In him the surname originated, while their 
territory was called Moylurg. Conor, the son of this 
Dermott, Tanist of Moylurg in the twelfth century, 
after enjoying the sovereignty of this little principal- 

' * Rawdon Papers, p. 884. 

606 KING James's irish army list. 

ity for ten years, took upon him the Cistoixjian habit, 
and became a monk in the Abl)ey of Boyle, within 
whose still noble and picturesque walls he was 
interred in 115)8 ; whereupon tlie jrovernment hereof 
devolved upon Tumultagh (Timothy) Mac Denuot, 
his son, wlio erected in 1204 the origintJ castle on 
an Island of Lough Ke, witliin the beautifid demesne 
of Viscount Lorton. Thomas, (the son of Ferral Mac 
Dermot, tliei-etofoiv Abbot of Boyle), was in 1262 
promoted to the Bishopric of Elpliin. In tliis interval 
branched off the founders of the ]\Iac Dermots-na-Gall 
and the McDermotts Ruagh (Roe). Early in the 
fourteenth century Dermot McDermot ofMoylurgwas 
one of the Irisli Magnates who, from a hatred of the 
English government, invited the invasion of Edwai*d, 
the brother of King Robert Bruce. On his arrival in 
Ulster, Dermot was one of the first who joined his 
standanl, and fell, his unsuccessfid ally, in the last 
struggle of the invader at the battle of Athenry, with 
many other McDermots, his adherents. From Conor 
Mac Dermot of this period sprung the McDermots 'of 
the Rock.' To the Parliament convened by Sir John 
Perrot in 1585, Teigue the son of Hugh 'Oge,' being 
tanist of Moylurg and very old, sent his relative ' of 
the Rock,' viz. Bryan, son of Rory, son of Teigue, son 
of Rory Oge, who was the great grandson of Connor, 
the founder of that line (as aforesaid), to represent the 
Sept at this first national Assembly. Teigue's line 
afterwards became extinct, and the Captainship 
passed to the family ' of the Rock.' 


In 1602, when the Lord Deputy Mountjoy 
passed the Christmas at Galway, the McDermot 
(styled 'of the Curlews') made his submission to him. 
Bryan McDermot was then the Chief; in 1603, how- 
ever, his estates were held to be confiscated, and 
seven leading members of the Sept were obliged to 
sue out their pardons. In 1604, King James 
granted to Sir Theobald Dillon, Knight, (afterwards 
created Viscount Dillon, and ancestor of the Colonel 
of this Regiment), the wardship, of Bryan Oge 
McDermot, son and heir of the aforesaid Bryan ' of 
the Rock,' for the consideration of a fine of £4, and 
an annual rent of £3 6s. 8d., the patentee retaining 
thereout certain allowances for the maintenance and 
education of the minor. This Bryan attained age in 
1618, when he had from the Crown a grant which 
would seem magnificent and extensive (covering as it 
does sixteen skins of parchment, the first richly illu- 
minated) yet comprising but a portion of the former 
princely inheritance of the Sept. He died Chief in 
1636, and was buried in a church founded by one of 
his ancestors, within the holy ambit of Clonmacnoise. 
His second son, Charles, on the death of an elder 
brother Terence without issue, became seized of Moy- 
lurg — its last Chief. He had married Eleanor, 
daughter *of the great O'Mulloy of Croghan,** in the 
County of Roscommon. 

Hugh Mc Dermot, the Captain in this notice, was 

• For fuller particulars of this fine old Sept, see D' Alton's 
iififia£» qf Aoyli^ T. ly p. 97, &c. 


the eldest son of said Charles and Eleanor ; he was 
taken prisoner at Aughrim, but, on the interference 
and by the interest of Sir Robert King, the ancestor of 
Viscount Lorton, (then residing at Rockingham, part 
of the ancient property of the McDermots), he was 
released, avowedly by reason of the humanity and 
kindness evinced by him towards the Protestant 
Clergy and Laity. He intermarried with Eliza, 
daughter of O'Kelly of Aughrim, and by her had issue 
Charles and Terence. In January, 1688, Ballymote 
was garrisoned by the latter, who represented the 
Borough of Boyle in King James's Parliament of 
Dublin, and was consequently attainted in King 
William's ; whereupon all his interest in the &mily 
estates (the greater portion of which had been conveyed 
in 1669 to him by his father) was confiscated ; and his 
brother Charles succeeded only to Coolavin on the 
death of their father, Captain Hugh, in 1707. 
Before that event, in September, 1690, this Charles 
was, in virtue of King James's Commission, directed 
and empowered to receive for his Majesty the Castle 
of Carrick Mac Dermott, i.e. the Castle of the Rock, 
in Lough Ke, and the Castle or Strong House of 
Canbo, and all other the Castles and Strong Houses 
upon the said Charles's estate and ancient inheritance. 
He died in 1758, at the advanced age of 98, leaving 
issue by his lady, Catherine Dillon of the House of 
Clonbrock, Myles his eldest son, who married a 
daughter of Charles O'Conor, the elder historian, and 
died at Coolavin in 1793, leaving issue Hugh and 


other children. Hugh married his cousin Elizabeth, 
daughter of Denis O'Conor of Ballinagar, (ancestor 
of the O'Conors Don), and by her had Charles and 
several other children. Charles intermarried with 
Arabella O'Rourke of the ancient Sept of Brefiiy, by 
whom he has a numerous issue, and he now ranks as 
the lineal representative of the elder line of the Mac 
Dermots. Besides the above Captain Hugh, there 
are in commission, in different Eegiments of this Army 
List, nine other McDermots or McDermotts. In the 
Parliament of 1689, Terence McDermott, who was an 
Alderman of Dublin, and a Captain in Sir Michael 
Creagh's Infantry, represented, with his Colonel, that 
City. Terence of Coolavin, with Captain John 
King, represented the Borough of Boyle ; while 
Robert Dermot was one of the Members for Dundalk, 
and Bryan Dermod for Carlingford. The Attainders 
of 1691 exhibit the names of thirteen of the Sept. 


The McDonoughs were a powerful Sept in the 
County of Sligo, having an extensive territory in the 
Barony of Corran; they were also at a very early date 
established in the County of Cork, where they held 
the noble castle of Eanturk. In the former County 
they are considered to have branched from the Mac 
Dermots, in the latter from the McCarties. This Sept 
18 ezprefldy stated by the Four Masters to have taken 



their patronymic in Sligo, from a Donoiigh who flou- 
rished there in 1278. The same Annalists re<;ord, 
with much importance of language, the progress of 
Mac Donough of Tyrrerill in 1397 to the plain of 
Connaught (about Boyle), with his whole force, pro- 
perty, and cattle, in order to aid the O'Conor. In 
1446, " the McDonoughs, Turlough Carnich O'Connor, 
and O'Conor Don having joined Mac William of Clan- 
ricanle, for the purpose of appointing a McDonough 
in Tyrrerill, they finally agreed on electing two Mac 
Donoughs, giving half of the country to each, namely 
to John, the son of Conor McDonough, and to Teigue 
the son of Tomaltach More McDonough." In 1598, 
" Ballymote, (in Sligo) which had been in possession 
of the Queen's people for thirteen years till this time, 
was taken by its OAvn original inheritors, namely, by 
the McDonoughs of Corran.'' By a patent of 1617 
various manors, castles, towns, and lands of their 
ancient territory in the County of Sligo were, accord- 
ing to the ix)licy of the day, re-granted on new and 
more forfeitable tenures to different members of this 
Sept, as also to those of O'Hara, O'Higgins, and 
O'Connor ; while the same patent included other 
re-grants to the O'Dowdes and O'Garas in that county 
and in Mayo. The Attainders of 1642 have the 
names of five M'Donoughs ; those of 1691, twelve. 
On the Army List, besides Captain Terence, there 
appear Henry M'Donough, a Lieutenant in Sir 
Charles O'Brian's Infantry ; and Morgan M'Donough, 
an Ensign in Colonel Oliver O'Gara's. In the Parli- 


ament of Dublin the above Terence M'Donough was 
one of the Representatives returned for the Borough 
of Sligo, but appears to have been the same Captain, 
who was at that time taken prisoner at Deny in the 
attack at the Windmill ;* while Hamilton, in his 
" Enniskillenersj'' (p. 19) says that in May, 1689, 
Ballyshannon was relieved by them, and the Irish 
obliged to evacuate. " All their foot fled away to- 
towards Sligo, or got oflf safe, except some few that 
were taken in the Fish Island near the town, with 
their Captain, one Mac Donough, a counsellor-at-law, 
commonly known by the name of 'blind' Mac Donough." 
In 1690, one of the Cork McDonoughs was appointed 
by King James a Governor of that County. 


This officer is described, in the Inquisition taken on. 
his attainder, as 'of Clontikilty, County Mayo.' A 
James Rutledge, on the same roll of outlawries, was 
possessed of property in the town of Galway, oflf which 
Catherine Rutledge, otherwise Blake, claimed and was 
allowed jointure. 


Ths power of the fiunily that bore this name, and the 

\ p. 61. 

BR 2 


extent of territory over which it lorded as a Royal 
appropriation, are evinced in the grant from Henry the 
Second to Hugh de Lacy, making over to him the 
whole Province of Meath, including Westmeath (of 
modern partition); yet, in the lapse of centuries, this 
great name has become extinct, or is only sought to 
be traced in existing assimilations, as M'Loughlin, 
O'Laughlin, &c. According to the native chronicles, 
a daughter of O'Melaghlin, King of Meath in the 
ninth century, was the agent of killing Turgesius the 
Danish tyrant, by a stratagem like that related by 
Plutarch in his Life of Pelopidas. At the commence- 
ment of the eleventh century, Malachy O'Melaghlin, 
theretofore the acknowledged King of Ireland, was 
deposed by Brien Boroimhe. In 1105, the territory 
of Meath was divided between the sons of Donald 
O'Melaghlin. In the progress of the same century, 
Murrough O'Melaghlin was one of the chief leaders in 
the feudal conflicts, that opened Ireland to the English 
adventurers ; while the abduction of his daughter, 
then wife of O'Rourke, is eflectively narrated by the 
Annalists as leading in that invasion. His Kingdom 
passed from him, and even his great mensal patri- 
mony, the Province of Meath, was given as a Palati- 
nate to Hugh de Lacy, to be held as amply as it had 
been enjoyed by said Murrough. This great &mily 
was, however, afterwards one of the five Irish Septs 
to whom the privilege of using the English laws was 
confined. In 1314, when Edward the Second sought 
the aid of the Irish magnates, he directed an especial 


letter missive to ' OMdan Hdyn^ Duci Hibemorum 
Midice.^ In 1462, when the remaining estates of this 
family were invaded by the Palesmen, aided by the 
Lord Deputy^ the native clans espoused their cause 
and took the Viceroy prisoner. In the time of James 
the First, this Sept was stripped of a very considera- 
ble portion of their old territory, a large tract of 
which, described as * O'Melaghlin's Country,' situated 
about Clonmacnoise, and comprising advowsons, rec- 
tories, churches, chief rents, lands, &c. was granted 
to Richard, Earl of Clanricarde ; while about the same 
time Francis Blundel, ' Clerk of the Commission for 
Defective Titles,' had a grant of other O'Melaghlin 
estates in the County of Westmeath. On the Attain- 
ders of 1642, only two of the name appear, William 
(Dhu) Mc Melaghlin, and Edmund Mc Melaghlin of 
Ballyshanduff, County of Wicklow. The outlawries 
of 1691 name but one, Maolseachlin O'Melaghlin, of 
Lough-Mask, County of Mayo ; so completely had the 
family been expelled from their ancient province. 


The O'Sheills were an ancient Clan of the County of 
Antrim, and accordingly another officer of the name, 
Lieutenant Patrick 'O'Sheale,' stands on the roll of 
Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's Infantry. This Luke or 
Lucas was, however, of Ballinderry, County of West- 
ii^^^c^i ^7 vl^lliLilli ^"^^ William Sheill, and 


Denis Sheill were attainted in 1691. There were 
also then outlawed Daniel 'O'Sheal' of Greggan, 
County of Antrim ; Francis O'Shiel of Boviddy, 
County of Derry ; Hugh O'Sheil of Dnimgolan, 
County of Down, clerk ; and Patrick 'Sheile' of An- 
nabeg, County of Sligo. In 1695, Roger SheUl, the 
eldest son of the above William of Ballinderry, peti- 
tionedr the Irish House of Commons, stating that he 
was a Protestant and the eldest son of a Papist, and 
praying that a Committ-ee might be appointed to pre- 
pare heads of a Bill to prevent his being disinherited 
by his said father. To this petition William Sheill 
replied, setting forth "that he was willing, without an 
Act of Parliament, to settle his estates on his Protes- 
tant sons and none else, and that he had no design to 
disinherit his eldest son Roger Sheill, as being a Pro- 
testant, though he be less dutiful to him than his 
other sons ; and praying that in regard his real estate 
is not worth above £10 per annum^ and that the 
allegations of his son Roger are false, that the House 
would examine into the truth on both sides." A 
Committee was accordingly appointed for the purpose. 
In 1747, a Captain 'Sheill,' was killed at Lauffield in 
Dillon's Regiment. 


This name is of record in the native Annals from the 
time of Henry the Third. 



This oflScer does not appear on the Attainders ot 
1691; the only persons of the name there are Hugo 
and Patrick O'Dowell of Tullyard, County of Down ; 
and Dionysius 'Doweir of Moneylagh, County of 


The Costellos, or, as the family were more usually 
styled on the Irish records, Mc Costellos, sprung in 
truth fix)m Hostilio the second son of Gilbert de An- 
gulo. In 1192, his descendant and namesake Gilbert 
Mac CosteUo led what the Annalists call an army to 
Easroa near Ballyshannon, and there erected a castle. 
Myles Mc CosteUo invaded the country of Mac Ranall 
in 1247, but was repulsed. In 1487, say the Four 
Masters, John (Dhu) Mc CosteUo, Lord of Sleive 
Lugha (in Mayo) died, and two of the Sept were nomi- 
nated to succeed him ; and in 1565, when recount- 
ing the mUitary expedition of Sir Richard Bingham 
through that county, they mark Castlemore, near 
BaUaghaderrin, as the chief seat of the Mac CosteUo. 
In 1666, say the Rawdon Papers^ 'the great Tory, 
Colonel CosteUo, was kUled.' The name does not ap- 
pear on the attainders of 1641, and only that of WU- 
Uam CosteUo, of Ross, County of Wexford, on those 
of 1691 ; but^ by the proceedings before the Court of 


Claims in 1700, it is shown that a Thomas 'Costelloe' 
there claimed a remainder in Mayo lands, forfeited by 
Miles *Costelloe;' his petition was, however, *dismist.' 


The name of Hart or 'Hert' is of Irish record from 
the time of Edward the First, while O'Dugan says 
that the O'Harts were an ancient Sept, settled in the 
immediate vicinity of Tara. On the Attainders of 
1642 are two O'Hartes and one Hart. The name 
does not appear on those of 1691 ; but, at the sales 
of 1703, the estate of a John Hart, described as *of 
Blundelstown, County of Dublin,' was sold as forfeited 
property by the Commissioners. Besides this Ensign, 
a Simon Hart held the same rank in the Infantry 
Regiment of Sir Maurice Eustace. 





The Colonel. 
Morrogh Fkhertj, 
Lieat. Colonel. 
Thomaa Mag»th. 
Mike Bonrke. 
Thomas Bonrke. 
^John Power. 
M'LftQghlin Donnelan. 
John M'Coghlan. 
lliomaa Bonrke. 
Edmund Lallj. 
John Carroll. . 
James Power. 
Comelins Horan. 
James Lynch. 
TJlick * Bonrck.' 


Edward TuUy. 
James Lynch. 

Terence Biagnith. 
Redmond Archdeacon. 
Ulick Bonrke. 
David Stapleton. 
M*Langhlm Daly. 
Comelins Coghlan. 
Richard Bonrke. 
William Kelly. 
William Carroll. 
Richard Bonrke. 
Boger Horan. 

Dominick Martin. 

Richard Wolferston. 
Daniel Mally. 

James Egan. 
Carberry Egan. 
Hnbert Bonrke. 
William Synon. 
Gerald Bonrke. 
Morgan * Cuolaghan.' 
Francis Bourke. 
James Lally. 
Daniel Carroll. 
Thomas Lynch. 
Lawrence Carroll. 


The family of Bourke and Burke has been noticed as 
fully, as here allowable, at the Earl of Clanricarde's 
Regiment of Infantry, antej p. 5 11 , &c. This Ulick was 
the eldest son of William, Earl of Clanricarde, by his 
second wife. He was created Baron Tyaquin and 
Viscount Galway. Lodge characterizes him as a 
nobleman of true courage, and endued with many 
good qualities. He fought in this army when but 


twenty-two years of age, and fell at Aughrim. 
" Some say,** writes Story, " that my Lord Galway 
had hard measure from some of our troops, who killed 
him after he had surrendered himself a prisoner, not 
to themselves but to some others." 


Tins Sept was originally settled in the Barony of 
Clare, County of Galway ; whence in the thirteenth 
century they were driven to the western side of 
Lough Corrib, and were there styled Lords of lar or 
Western Connaught. On the islands of that water 
they had many castles, traces of some of which still 
remain. " In 1132," writes Hardiman,* " the King 
of Munster despatched a body of men by sea, to take 
the Castle of Galway, which his General Cormac Mac 
Carthy having effected, put the garrison to the sword, 
levelled and destroyed the Castle and Town, and soon 
after defeated and slew Connor OTlahertie, Lord of 
lar-Connaught.'' In 1243, Henry the Third sum- 
moned the OTlahertie to do military service against 
the King of Scotland.f To Perrot's Parliament 
in 1585, " no one of note went from the Western 
Province of Connaught, except Morrogh (' na duagh^' 
*of the battle-axes,') the son of Teigue, son of 

* History of Galway, p. 40. 

f Lynch on Feudal Dignities, p. 191. 


Morrogh, son of Roderic OTlaherty.''* About this 
time the O'Briens were expelled from the Isles of 
Arran by the OTlaherties of lar-Connaught, when a 
Commission issued which found them the right of the 
Queen, and she thereupon granted them to John 
Rawsonof Athlone.f In 1606, John King, of Dub- 
lin, had a grant from the Crown of castles and lands, 
estates of the OTlaherties in the County of Galway, 

* slain in rebellion;' while in 1610, Morrough-ne- 
Moyer OTflahertie of Benowen had a grant of the 
castles or forts of Benowen, and Ballynahinch, with 
various lands, fisheries, and chief-rents, described as 
having come to the Crown by the attainder of Teigue, 
son of Sir Morrogh-ne-doe O'Flahertie, 'lately slain in 
rebellion/ In two years after. Sir Robert Newcomen, 
Benight, had a grant of other Galway lands, part of 
the estate of said Teigue. 

Morrogh Flaherty of Culvin, County of Westmeath, 
is the the only one of this name on the Outlawries of 
1642. In Cromwell's Act of 1652, said Morrough-ne- 
Moyer OTlaherty of the County of Galway, and 
Teigue OTlaherty were excepted from pardon for life 
and estate. The former passed out of Ireland to 
serve King Charles the Second ' beyond the seas,' and 
received that Monarch's thanks therefor in the clause 
of Boyal gratitude embodied in the Act of Settlement. 
Roderic O'Flahertie, the well-known author of the 

* Ogygia^' was bom in 1630, within the old family ter- 

* Four Masters, ad ann, f Hardiman's Galway, p. 319. 


ritory at Moycullen, his interest in which was lost on 
the confiscations of 1641. He dedicated the Ogygia 
to James, then Duke of York*; and was living on the 
old soil in 1709, when Mr. Molineux, the antiquary, 
made him a visit, which is very interestingly spoken 
of in a Manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin, 
(I. 4, 12.) Nine years after, he died, in the 89th 
year of his age, of want, as is alleged in a Tract recently 
published by the Irish Archaeological Society. In 
1641, Morrough Dhu OTflahertie was chosen one of 
the Captains of the forces raised by the Assembly 
then held at Loughrea, and his able resistance to the 
Marquis of Clanricarde, is oftien alluded to in the 
Memoirs of that nobleman. Amongst the nobles and 
chiefs, who went out of Ireland to Charles the Second 
in his exile, and who were afterwards specially men- 
tioned in his Letter from Breda, was this Captain 
Morrough, then the OTflahertie, and who had married 
the daughter of Viscount Mayo. Besides this officer, 
whose Lieutenant-Colonelcy was soon after given to 
John Power, Hugh Flaherty was a lieutenant in 
Colonel Heward Oxburgh's Infantry. The Roll of 
the ensuing Outlawries names Teigue Mac Morgan 
Flaherty of Ballynahinch, and Hugo and Patrick 
Flaherty of Park, in the County of Galway, but has 
no mention of this Morrough ; while at the Court of 
1700, Bryan Flaherty claimed and was allowed a 
term for years in County of Galway lands * forfeited by 
Morrogh Flaherty.' 

♦ Ware's Writers, p. 271. 


Amongst the Manuscripts of Marsh's Library, ( V. 
3. 1. 25, No. 25) is a Petition of Comet Robert Fla- 
herty, in which he states " that, being bred a Protest- 
ant, he had ever sought to advance the cause of King 
William and that religion, that he was suffering for 
his principles, &c., and prayed Royal relief." In the 
alarm which existed in 1745, on the assertion of the 
Pretender's title in Scotland, the representative of this 
family proffered to the Viceroy (the Earl of Chester- 
field) at Dublin Castle, the most solemn assurances of 
his fidelity and of that of his family and people to the 
King's person and government. His grandson, John, 
inherited the remaining family estates, and, accepting 
a commission in his Majesty's army, was styled therein 
Sir John O'Fflahertie, his ancestors having been 
always held to be hereditary Knights of West Con- 
naught. Sir John's son and heir, says Lynch,* is the 
present Thomas Henry O'Fflahertie of Lemonfield, 
County of Galway, who still inherits a portion of the 
family estates. In 1747, Captain Francis Flaherty, 
in Lally's Regiment, was severely wounded in the 
battle at LauflSeld. In 1768, died at Nice Count 
O'Flaherty, who had been long in the Imperial 
service ; and in two years after died General 
O'Flaherty, for many years in the service of Spain. 

♦ Feudal Dignities, p. 163. 


CAPTAIN Mclaughlin donelan. 

The Sept of the O'Donelans, from which this Captain 
descended, were Chiefs of Clan-Breasail in the Barony 
of Leitrim, County of Galway ; and are so located by 
O'Dugan in his Topographical Poem on Ireland. 
They also ruled over Hy Tuirtre, a territory lying 
along the northern shores of Lough Neagh, comprising 
the Baronies of Toome and Antrim, in the County of 
Antrim. They derive their lineage from Murrough 
Mullethan, a King of Connaught in the eighth century, 
from whose time frequent annals of their obits in the 
Irish Chronicles commemorate them as * Chief Poets' 
of that Province. In 1412, Tully O'Donelan, then 
Chief, built the Castle of Ballydonelan on the site, it is 
related, of a more ancient stronghold of his family. He 
also built a chapel and family cemetery at the abbey 
of Kilconnel, hence called *Chapel-Tully.' Melaghlin 
O'Donelan died at Ballydonelan in 1548 ; he was father 
of Dr. Nehemiah, who was educated at Cambridge, and 
consecrated Archbishop of Tuam on Queen Elizabeth's 
patent in 1595. He married Elizabeth O'Donnell, 
daughter of the then Earl of Tyrconnell, and died in 
1609, leavingbyher, John, hiseldestson,and James, who 
became Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in 
Ireland. John was the great-grandfather of the above 
officer, who should be more correctly styled, * Me- 
laghlin Donelan.' He rose to the rank of Colonel, 
was wounded at Aughrim, and was afterwards com- 
prehended in the Articles of Limerick. He had mar- 


ried Mary, daughter of Robert Dillon, (ancestor of the 
Lords Clonbrock,) and died at his house in Dublin in 
1726, leaving issue, through which this family has 
been since represented, and is now by another 
Malachy, a minor. James Donelan, the brother of 
the above officer, was a Captain and afterwards a 
Major in Lord Louth's Regiment of Infantry. At 
the close of the campaign he passed into France, 
where he obtained a commission and rank from Louis 
the Fourteenth, but was killed in Piedmont in 1693. 
The Attainders of 1691 included Edward Donnelan 
of Killenane, County of Galway ; with James Donelan 
of Ballydonelan. In 1696, Nehemiah Donellan, a 
collateral of this House, being then a Baron of the 
Irish Exchequer, was appointed one of the Commis- 
sioners of the Great Seal, and had at the same time a 
grant of lands in the Counties of Galway and Roscom- 
mon. In 1703, he was appointed Chief Baron. This 
Nehemiah was the surviving son of the aforesaid Sir 
James Donellan, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. 
He had married Mary, daughter of Alderman John 
Preston of Dublin, and had issue by her James, John, 
and William Donellan. She died in September, 
1684, and was buried in Christ Church.* The peti- 
tions preferred against the forfeited estates by 
Donelans in 1700, were for claims attaching to the 
confiscations of Lord Bophin, Lord Galway, Hugh 
Kelly, Sir Edward Tyrrell, and the Earl of Clanri- 
carde. In 1742, Peter O'Donelan was the Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Clonfert 

• TTim ^.Qtxy, Berm. Tur. 



The O'Horans were a clan in the County of Galway. 
This Captain does not appear on the Roll of 
Attainders, but his Lieutenant Roger Horan does, and 
is there described as of Abbey Gormigan, County of 


He was also of a Galway family ; and though he does 
not appear on the Attainders of 1691, there are there 
Thaddeus Tully, of Athlone, Thomas of Galway, and 
Matthew of Clymore in that County. Claims on the 
estates of the latter were prefeiTcd in 1700 by Agnes 
Tully, his widow, for her jointure, as well as on behalf 
of her sons by said Matthew, viz. Edward^ William, 
Thomas, and Matthias, for remainders ; and on behalf 
of her daughters Mary and Agnes for their portions. 
These claims were, however, dismissed for non-prosecu- 
tion, and the estate of Clymore was thereupon sold by 
the Commissioners of the Forfeitures to Frederick 
Trench, Esq. of Galbally, ancestor of the Earl of 


This name is of record in Ireland from the time of 
the English Invasion. Another officer of the name, 


Piers, was a Lieutenant in Major-General Boiseleau's 
Infantry, and in their attainders they are described, 
the former as of Kilbolane and Buttevant, the latter 
as of Ballyfrizzle, County of Cork ; while another 
Stapleton. whose Christian name is not given, is styled 
of Portumna, County of Galway. At the memorable 
battle of Fontenoy, fought on the 11th of May, 1745, 
M. Stapleton, Lieutenant-Colonel in Berwick's 
Brigade, was, in consequence of his gallant conduct, 
promoted to be a Brigadier. Being made a prisoner 
at CuUoden in the ensuing year, he headed a memorial 
from the officers there taken, to the Duke of Cumber- 
land, by which, acknowledging themselves prisoners 
of war of His Britannic Majesty, they engaged not to 
go out of the town of Inverness without his Grace's 
licence. " Done at the Head Quarters at Inverness, 
April 17th, 1746." Signed and sealed. This interest- 
ing memorial of banished Irish Cavaliers is preserved 
in the Gentleman's Magazine of 1746, p. 211. 


The attainder of this officer describes him as of Kil- 
bolane, County of Cork ; while a previous attainder 
of 1642 has William Shynnane of Castletown in the 
same county ; but the name so spelt was evidently 
corrupted from O'Shanahan — "a Sept," writes that 
able Irish genealogist, Dr. Mc Dermott, in his notes 
to tiie l*<iJiJU^I9ters (Geraght/s edition, p. 199), 




" descended from Lorcan, King of Munster, and 
grandfather of Brian Bom, and hence a branch of 
the Dalcassians. They were in ancient times power- 
ful Chiefs, and in the great battle of Moinmor in 
Desmond, fought in 1151, it is stated by the Fonr 
Masters that, amongst others, seven chiefs of the 
O'Shanahans were slain. Their ancient territory was 
called Feadlia Hy Rongaile, or 'the Woods of Hy 
Rongaile,' comprising the country about Eibhione, 
near Cashel. In modem times they possessed the 
lands of Rathmoyne, between Cashel and Temple- 



Captains. Lieutenants. Kntigns, 

Lord Dollew, 

[Nicholat Fitzgerald, __ 

Lieatenant-Colonel . ] 

[John Dowdele, 


Colin Hanlon. John Ilanlon. Patrick Hanlon. 

Henry O'Neill. Ter. Morris. 

Oliver Murphy. Phelim * Mnrphie.* Daniel Crowley. 

Bryan 'Murphye.' Dennis * Mnrphie.* John • Murphey.' 

Richard Bellew. John DowdalL 

Patrick Bellew. Tady Crowley. 

Hugh O'Neill, John Halfpenny. 




The family of Bellew, originally of Norman descent, 
came with the Conqueror to England, and into Ire- 
land in the ensuing century. In both countries it 
has been so distinguished, as to exhibit no less than 
eighteen Knights of the pre-eminently chivalrous 
Order of the Banner ; while Peers and distinguished 
Commoners of the same lineage occur most numerous 
on the Rolls of Parliament, but whose honors, by fail- 
ure of issue, or yet more by attainders, have become 
extinct. Richard Bellew was one of the Representa- 
tives of Dundalk in Perrot's Parliament of 1585 ; 
and Sir John Bellew of Willystown in Louth repre- 
sented that County in the Parliament of 1639. He 
was afterwards one of the members of the Supreme 
Council of Kilkenny in 1646 ; and as such was 
excepted from pardon for life and estate by Cromwell's 
Act of 1652. Having married Mary, daughter of 
Robert Dillon of Clonbrock (ancestor of the Lords 
Clonbrock), he was himself the founder of the lines 
that are now represented by Lord Bellew and Sir 
Michael Dillon Bellew respectively. 

John Bellew of Bellewstown, who had by the Act 
of Settlement been restored to his previously usurped 
estates, was the Colonel above named. On the acces- 
sion of James the Second he was knighted, appointe<l 
one of that Monarch's earliest Councillors, and soon 
after created an Irish Peer by the title of Baron Bel- 
lew of Duleek, and was also constituted Lord Lieute- 

ss 2 

G28 KING James's irisu army list. 

nant and Governor of the County of Loutli. In the 
command of this Kegimcnt he was taken prisoner at 
Aughrim, and was so severely wounded that he died in 
the following January, as commemorated on his tomb, 
still standing in the middle of the aisle of Duleek 
church. It states that he was shot in the belly at 
Aughrim, and that, '' as soon lUii he found himself able 
to undertake a journey, he went with his lady to 
London, where lie died, 12th January, 1692. He 
was laid in a vault at Westminster till the April fol- 
lowing, when his coi^se was brought hither." His lady, 
Dame Maiy Bellew, alias Bermingham, of Dunfert, 
County of Kildare, wlio erected the monument, died 
in 1694. Lord liellew was outlawed in 1691, ami 
his estates were actually granted to Loixls Komney and 
Trevor ; but, he having been comprehended within 
the Articles of Limerick, these estates werc restored 
to his second son, Kichard, who had obtained a par- 
don, as hei'eafter noted. Tlie Honorable Walter, the 
eldest son of Lord Bellew, succeeded to the title, and 
was by court influence permitted to enjoy it, though 
he too was wounded at Aughrim. He died without 
issue male in 1696, when the aforesaid Ilichard 
became the third Lord Bellew. His son John was 
the fourth, but he also died without issue male at 
Lisle, whereby the Bellewstown line became extinct. 
The Attainders of 1642 comprise the names of Nicholas 
Bellew of Balruddery, surgeon ; and of Patrick Bellew 
of Athboy. The Declaration of Royal gratitude from 
Charles the Second, as 'for services beyond the seas,* 
includes Lawrence Bellew of , County of Louth. 


Besides the three Bellews, officers in this Regiment, 
there were eleven others commissioned on this Army 
List. In King James's Parliament of 1689 Lord 
Bellew sat as one of the Peers, while in the Commons 
Thomas Bellew was one of the Representatives for 
the County of Louth. On the 3rd of July in that 
year the Duke of Berwick wrote to General Hamil- 
ton, then besieging Derry, "I marched yesterday 
morning from Newtown-Stewart, and joining Sunder- 
land at 'Omey,' I marched hither (Trelick) My 

advance guard cut off several of their sentries, and 
pushed a great many of the Rebels' party with such 
vigour as they beat, with thirty dragoons, three troops 
of Horse of theirs, which were drawn up at a distance 
from us. Captain Patrick 'Belue' (i. e. Bellew of 
this Regiment) and Major 'Magdonner commanded 
the van-guard. There was eight or nine of the enemy 
killed, but none of Ours."* Schomberg, soon after he 
landed in Ulster, garrisoned Lord Bellew's Castle 
near Dundalk. "At our coming to Dundalk," (in 
September, 1689), writes Story, "we got about 2,000 
of Lord Bellew's sheep, which came in very good time 
to the army, for it had gone hard with us before, for 
want of provisions.''! During this sojourn of Schom- 
berg, three of his Colonels, dying of distemper, were 
interred in Lord Bellew's vault at Dundalk, but they 
were taken up on the Irish regaining possession of 
the place, and interred at the church door. J In 

♦ MSS. in Trinity College, Dublin, F 2, 19. 

t Story's Imptrtifil Hidtory, pt. 1, p. 19. J Idem, p. 36. 







630 KING James's irish abmy list. 

1690, Thomas Bellew was one of the Deputy Lieu 
tenants of the County of Meath, as was Roger Belles 
of that of Louth. The Inquisitions of 1691 include 
Richard Lord Bellew, with eighteen other Bellows 
In 1696, this Richard Lord BeUew preferred his peti 
\ I tion for pardon, grounded on allegations and proofs 

I ' which were admitted, and he afterwards satin the 

House of Peers in 1707. His sister was the wife o1 
Denis Kelly of Aughrim, who was long a state pri- 
soner in the Tower of London. John, the eldest son ol 
Sir Patrick Bellew of Barmeath, had also at this time 
a pardon under the Great Seal. At the Court o1 
Chichester House in 1700, various claims were pre- 
ferred as affecting the Meath estates of Thomas Bel 
lew of Gafney and Dundalk. 


This officer does not appear on the present Arm] 
List, but his appointment is mentioned in Graham^ 
Derriana (p. 36). Of the family name, seepost^ "Sii 
John Fitzgerald's Infantry." 


Neither is his name on this Army List, but is sup 
plied from King's State of the Protestants^ Appendix 
Of the family, see ante^ at the Royal Infantry. 



The O'Hanlons were Tanists of a large territory 
within the present County of Armagh, and up to the 
time of James the First enjoyed the honor and office 
of Hereditary Standard-bearer of Ulster — a privilege 
which Sir William Russel, when Lord Deputy, with 
due policy recognised ; as, marching against O'Neill 
and the Northern insurgents, he committed the royal 
standard, (which the O'Mulloy had carried through 
the Pale), to Hugh O'Hanlon, who had theretofore 
submitted to English government. In 1314, King 
Edward directed an especial letter missive to Neill 
O'Hanlon, ^Dtici Hibemorum de Erther^ for his aid 
in the Scottish war. In 1337, on the violation of a 
peace existing between the Crown and Donald O'Han- 
lon, a Commission was directed to enquire into the 
circumstances of such disruption, and in 1346 it was 
provided, that he should be taken under the protec- 
tion of the King. In the reign of James the First, 
encroachments having been made, in the working out 
of the Plantation of Ulster, on the estates of Patrick 
O'Hanlon, who was at the time a pensioner of the 
King, he petitioned the Privy Council of England, who 
in 1605 thereupon ordered that he should be re- 
stored to his lands in the County of Tyrone ; and that 
an equivalent in lands should be given to him, in 
lieu of any injury he may have received by the 
erection of Fort-Norris on his land ; and that the 
pension granted to him by the late Queen should be 


continued. In the same year Sir Ogliy O'Hanlon 
was one of the Ulster forfeitors ; and, as his lands 
adjoined the fort and castle of Moyry, County of 
Armagh, a certain portion was allotted towards the 
maintenance of its garrison ; but a subsequent patent 
provided that it "might be lawful for O'llanlon and his 
heirs to possess it and the lands thereto assigned, so 
long as it should continue without a ward. In 1612, 
Turlogh Groome O'llanlon and others of his Sept had 
grants of other premises in their old County of Ar- 
magh, to hold for ever subject to the conditions of the 
Plantation of Ulster. Bedmund O'Hanlon had about 
the same time licence to surrender his lands, with the 
object of receiving a re-grant thereof from Eling 
James. The memorable Act by which Ulster was de- 
clared confiscated, and its leading chiefs were attaint- 
ed, included "Oghy Oge O'Hanlon, eldest son of the 
said Sir Oghy O'Hanlon, Knight, late of Tovergy, 
County of Armagh." 

The Attainders of 1642 present but the name of 
Fyrmyn 'O'Hanlyn' of Castlemore, County of Cork. 
Those of 1691 comprise Shane Bane O'Hanlon, Oghy 
OTIanlon, Phelim Mc Edmund Teigue O'Hanlon, 
Bryan Mac Oghy O'Hanlon, all of Tyrone'sditch, 
County of Armagh. Phelimy Mc Patrick Oge 
Ollanlon of Clara, Kedmond of Phecos and Roger of 
Tonragee,all in said County; with John Hanlon, clerk, 
and Patrick Hanlon, both of Carlingford, County of 



The O'Crowleys were a Sept of Cork, who, in Smith's 
History of that County, are said to have branched 
from the McDermots ofMoylurg. In the Munster 
war of Elizabeth's time, the Crowleys, then styled of 
Carberry, sought and obtained the protection of the 
Lord President, and continued loyal until the landing 
of the Spaniards.* The Attainders of 1641 include 
twenty-six members of the family, all of this County. 
Those of 1691 comprised the above Thady Crowley, 
described as of Temple-brien, County of Cork, with 
eight others of the name, but some diflferently spelt. 


This name does not appear on the Attainders of 1691, 
while on those of 1641 are Cornelius Halfpenny of 
Angestown, and Terence Halfpenny of Roestown, 
County of Meath, with John Halfpenny Oge of Lusk. 
It is not improbable that this John Halfpenny, then 
young {Oge\ may, with inveterate fidelity to the 
Stuart, have been the above Lieutenant. 

♦ Pacata Hibernia, p. 138. 


Cork ; and he had by her six sons, five of whom 
entered military service in the armies of the East 
India Company. The sixth, Robert Fagan, entered 
the British service, was wounded in the assault of 
Bona-Fortuna in the island of Martinico, in 1802, 
and fell in the following year at the taking of St. 
Lucia. Of the five who served in India, James 
Patrick Fagan is the survivor. He was engaged in 
the arduous campaigns under Sir Robert Abercrombie 
against the French islands in the Indian Seas, and in 
that against Nepaul, in the capacity of Brigade-Major 
to the advance division of the army; for which ser- 
vice he received the war medal, and was nominated 
Paymaster-in-Chief to all the troops constituting the 
Raypoolana and Malwah field forces. This appoint- 
ment he held for sixteen years, when he was com- 
pelled to return for his health to Euroi)e, having 
received a gratifying acknowledgment of his services, 
in a special report from Lord William Bentinck, then 
Governor-General. He and his brothers, while in 
India, were called ' the military family.' Lieutenant- 
Colonel Fagan (as he now ranks), being anxious to 
continue this designation in his line, has placed two 
of his sons in the Indian army. 

The second son of the above Captain Christopher 
Fagan was Stephen Fagan,